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Menachem Fromer, Panos Roussos, Solveig K Sieberts, Jessica S Johnson, David H Kavanagh, Thanneer M Perumal, Douglas M Ruderfer, Edwin C Oh, Aaron Topol, Hardik R Shah, Lambertus L Klei, Robin Kramer, Dalila Pinto, Zeynep H Gümüş, A Ercument Cicek, Kristen K Dang, Andrew Browne, Cong Lu, Lu Xie, Ben Readhead, Eli A Stahl, Jianqiu Xiao, Mahsa Parvizi, Tymor Hamamsy, John F Fullard, Ying-Chih Wang, Milind C Mahajan, Jonathan M J Derry, Joel T Dudley, Scott E Hemby, Benjamin A Logsdon, Konrad Talbot, Towfique Raj, David A Bennett, Philip L De Jager, Jun Zhu, Bin Zhang, Patrick F Sullivan, Andrew Chess, Shaun M Purcell, Leslie A Shinobu, Lara M Mangravite, Hiroyoshi Toyoshiba, Raquel E Gur, Chang-Gyu Hahn, David A Lewis, Vahram Haroutunian, Mette A Peters, Barbara K Lipska, Joseph D Buxbaum, Eric E Schadt, Keisuke Hirai, Kathryn Roeder, Kristen J Brennand, Nicholas Katsanis, Enrico Domenici, Bernie Devlin, Pamela Sklar
Over 100 genetic loci harbor schizophrenia-associated variants, yet how these variants confer liability is uncertain. The CommonMind Consortium sequenced RNA from dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of people with schizophrenia (N = 258) and control subjects (N = 279), creating a resource of gene expression and its genetic regulation. Using this resource, ∼20% of schizophrenia loci have variants that could contribute to altered gene expression and liability. In five loci, only a single gene was involved: FURIN, TSNARE1, CNTN4, CLCN3 or SNAP91...
September 26, 2016: Nature Neuroscience
Burton Norman Seitler
What do you say to a child who rarely speaks? How do you work with such a youngster? What are the sine qua nons or guiding principles upon which analysts can draw? And, how do we know if we are being helpful? Sam was 9-years when I began treating him. He was extremely withdrawn and rarely spoke more than a few words. Instead, he mainly played chess. I did not know at first whether Sam's taciturn demeanor was due to shyness, limited verbal abilities, or the stultifying effects of trauma. Fortuitously, during one of many seemingly "innocent" games of chess, Sam happened to make a bold move, to which I admiringly remarked, "What a move, you're killing me...
September 19, 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Michael Greenberg, Caron Chess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
Nemanja Vaci, Merim Bilalić
The game of chess has often been used for psychological investigations, particularly in cognitive science. The clear-cut rules and well-defined environment of chess provide a model for investigations of basic cognitive processes, such as perception, memory, and problem solving, while the precise rating system for the measurement of skill has enabled investigations of individual differences and expertise-related effects. In the present study, we focus on another appealing feature of chess-namely, the large archive databases associated with the game...
September 1, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
Rachna Sehgal, Sheffali Gulati, Savita Sapra, Manjari Tripathi, Ravinder Mohan Pandey, Madhulika Kabra
This cross-sectional study assessed the impact of clinical epilepsy severity and pretreatment hypsarrhythmia severity on epilepsy and cognitive outcomes in treated children with West syndrome. Thirty-three children, aged 1 to 5 years, with infantile spasms were enrolled if pretreatment EEG records were available, after completion of ≥1 year of onset of spasms. Neurodevelopment was assessed by Development Profile 3 and Gross Motor Function Classification System. Epilepsy severity in the past 1 year was determined by the Early Childhood Epilepsy Severity Score (E-Chess)...
August 31, 2016: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
Russ Chess-Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2016: Journal of Urology
Mallory Batty, Rachel Pugh, Ilampirai Rathinam, Joshua Simmonds, Edwin Walker, Amanda Forbes, Shailendra Anoopkumar-Dukie, Catherine M McDermott, Briohny Spencer, David Christie, Russ Chess-Williams
This review evaluates the role of α-adrenoceptor antagonists as a potential treatment of prostate cancer (PCa). Cochrane, Google Scholar and Pubmed were accessed to retrieve sixty-two articles for analysis. In vitro studies demonstrate that doxazosin, prazosin and terazosin (quinazoline α-antagonists) induce apoptosis, decrease cell growth, and proliferation in PC-3, LNCaP and DU-145 cell lines. Similarly, the piperazine based naftopidil induced cell cycle arrest and death in LNCaP-E9 cell lines. In contrast, sulphonamide based tamsulosin did not exhibit these effects...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Christian Moro, Lily Edwards, Russ Chess-Williams
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) on the contractile properties of the urothelium and lamina propria, as a better understanding of bladder physiology might aid the development of new treatments. METHODS: Strips of porcine urothelium and lamina propria were suspended in gassed Krebs-bicarbonate solution, and cumulative concentration-response curves for 5-HT were generated in the absence and presence of 5-HT antagonists, Nω-nitro-l-arginine and indomethacin...
August 16, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Susan Hall, Catherine McDermott, Shailendra Anoopkumar-Dukie, Amelia J McFarland, Amanda Forbes, Anthony V Perkins, Andrew K Davey, Russ Chess-Williams, Milton J Kiefel, Devinder Arora, Gary D Grant
Pyocyanin has recently emerged as an important virulence factor produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The redox-active tricyclic zwitterion has been shown to have a number of potential effects on various organ systems in vitro, including the respiratory, cardiovascular, urological, and central nervous systems. It has been shown that a large number of the effects to these systems are via the formation of reactive oxygen species. The limitations of studies are, to date, focused on the localized effect of the release of pyocyanin (PCN)...
2016: Toxins
Michael A Campitelli, Susan E Bronskill, David B Hogan, Christina Diong, Joseph E Amuah, Sudeep Gill, Dallas Seitz, Kednapa Thavorn, Walter P Wodchis, Colleen J Maxwell
BACKGROUND: Evaluating different approaches to identifying frail home care clients at heightened risk for adverse health outcomes is an important but understudied area. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence and correlates of frailty (as operationally defined by three measures) in a home care cohort, the agreement between these measures, and their predictive validity for several outcomes assessed over one year. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study with linked population-based administrative and clinical (Resident Assessment Instrument [RAI]) data for all long-stay home care clients (aged 66+) assessed between April 2010-2013 in Ontario, Canada (n = 234,552)...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
K E Limburg, M Elfman
Non-destructive microbeam-based methods were used for 2-D mapping of trace elements to gain a greater appreciation of otolith composition and spatial configuration. Based on studies of a wide variety of fish taxa, this approach more fully captures the nature of otolith chemical heterogeneity. Such variations may be due to a number of factors, including differences in crystallization, genetics, growth or even sample preparation or contamination. Examples presented here highlight research conducted at the Lund Ion Beam Analysis Facility (LIBAF) and at the Cornell High-Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS)...
June 17, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
Nicolas Guyot, Valérie Labas, Grégoire Harichaux, Magali Chessé, Jean-Claude Poirier, Yves Nys, Sophie Réhault-Godbert
The chicken egg resists most environmental microbes suggesting that it potentially contains efficient antimicrobial molecules. Considering that some heparin-binding proteins in mammals are antibacterial, we investigated the presence and the antimicrobial activity of heparin-binding proteins from chicken egg white. Mass spectrometry analysis of the proteins recovered after heparin-affinity chromatography, revealed 20 proteins, including known antimicrobial proteins (avidin, lysozyme, TENP, ovalbumin-related protein X and avian bêta-defensin 11)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Anita Y Szajek, Edward Chess, Kristian Johansen, Gyöngyi Gratzl, Elaine Gray, David Keire, Robert J Linhardt, Jian Liu, Tina Morris, Barbara Mulloy, Moheb Nasr, Zachary Shriver, Pearle Torralba, Christian Viskov, Roger Williams, Janet Woodcock, Wesley Workman, Ali Al-Hakim
The contamination of the widely used lifesaving anticoagulant drug heparin in 2007 has drawn renewed attention to the challenges that are associated with the characterization, quality control and standardization of complex biological medicines from natural sources. Heparin is a linear, highly sulfated polysaccharide consisting of alternating glucosamine and uronic acid monosaccharide residues. Heparin has been used successfully as an injectable antithrombotic medicine since the 1930s, and its isolation from animal sources (primarily porcine intestine) as well as its manufacturing processes have not changed substantially since its introduction...
June 9, 2016: Nature Biotechnology
Jean-Paul Fox, Sukaesi Marianti
With computerized testing, it is possible to record both the responses of test takers to test questions (i.e., items) and the amount of time spent by a test taker in responding to each question. Various models have been proposed that take into account both test-taker ability and working speed, with the many models assuming a constant working speed throughout the test. The constant working speed assumption may be inappropriate for various reasons. For example, a test taker may need to adjust the pace due to time mismanagement, or a test taker who started out working too fast may reduce the working speed to improve accuracy...
July 2016: Multivariate Behavioral Research
Mark Lambie, James Chess, Jun-Young Do, Hyunjin Noh, Hi-Bahl Lee, Yong-Lim Kim, Angela Summers, Paul Ford Williams, Sara Davison, Marc Dorval, Nick Topley, Simon John Davies
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Glucose control is a significant predictor of mortality in diabetic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. During PD, the local toxic effects of intra-peritoneal glucose are well recognized, but despite large amounts of glucose being absorbed, the systemic effects of this in non-diabetic patients are not clear. We sought to clarify whether dialysate glucose has an effect upon systemic glucose metabolism. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We analysed the Global Fluid Study cohort, a prospective, observational cohort study initiated in 2002...
2016: PloS One
Jürgen Klankermayer, Sebastian Wesselbaum, Kassem Beydoun, Walter Leitner
The present Review highlights the challenges and opportunities when using the combination CO2 /H2 as a C1 synthon in catalytic reactions and processes. The transformations are classified according to the reduction level and the bond-forming processes, covering the value chain from high volume basic chemicals to complex molecules, including biologically active substances. Whereas some of these concepts can facilitate the transition of the energy system by harvesting renewable energy into chemical products, others provide options to reduce the environmental impact of chemical production already in today's petrochemical-based industry...
June 20, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Pegah Jahani, Mohsen Salesi, Maral Marzban, Gholamreza Abdollahifard
BACKGROUND: Headache is certainly one of the most common medical complaints of general population and one of the important causes of consumption of drugs. Despite its high overall prevalence, the epidemiology of exertional headache is not clear enough. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of headache in athletic and non-athletic university students and also estimating its variation between different sports fields including concussion prone sports. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 739 subjects (367 athletes and 372 non-athletes)...
March 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
Giovanni Pezzulo, Alessandro D'Ausilio, Andrea Gaggioli
The ability of "looking into the future"-namely, the capacity of anticipating future states of the environment or of the body-represents a fundamental function of human (and animal) brains. A goalkeeper who tries to guess the ball's direction; a chess player who attempts to anticipate the opponent's next move; or a man-in-love who tries to calculate what are the chances of her saying yes-in all these cases, people are simulating possible future states of the world, in order to maximize the success of their decisions or actions...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Eunkyung Kim, Dietram A Scheufele, Jeong Yeob Han, Dhavan Shah
With a focus on the nature and dynamic process of social interactions among breast cancer patients, this study argues that the notion of opinion leaders can be another crucial factor in explaining positive psychosocial health outcomes within computer-mediated social support (CMSS) groups. This study investigates the relationship between opinion leaders and their psychosocial health benefits by considering two overarching questions: (a) Who are the opinion leaders? (b) What role do these opinion leaders play in explaining health outcomes? The data analyzed in this study resulted from merging human-coded content analysis of discussion group messages, action log data analysis of interactive health system usage, and longitudinal survey data...
May 18, 2016: Health Communication
Ilan Bank, Ronald A DePinho, Michael B Brenner, Judy Cassimeris, Frederick W Alt, Leonard Chess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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