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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444982/the-unique-features-of-proteins-depicting-the-chicken-amniotic-fluid
#1
Mylène Da Silva, Clara Dombre, Aurélien Brionne, Philippe Monget, Magali Chessé, Marion De Pauw, Maryse Mills, Lucie Combes-Soia, Valérie Labas, Nicolas Guyot, Yves Nys, Sophie Rehault-Godbert
In many amniotes, the amniotic fluid is depicted as a dynamic milieu that participates in the protection of the embryo (cushioning, hydration, and immunity). However, in birds, the protein profile of the amniotic fluid remains unexplored, even though its proteomic signature is predicted to differ compared to human's. In fact, unlike humans, chicken amniotic fluid does not collect excretory products and its protein composition strikingly changes at mid-development due to the massive inflow of egg white proteins, which are thereafter swallowed by the embryo to support its growth...
February 14, 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434043/personal-bests-as-reference-points
#2
Ashton Anderson, Etan A Green
Personal bests act as reference points. Examining 133 million chess games, we find that players exert effort to set new personal best ratings and quit once they have done so. Although specific and difficult goals have been shown to inspire greater motivation than vague pronouncements to "do your best," doing one's best can be a specific and difficult goal-and, as we show, motivates in a manner predicted by loss aversion.
February 6, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382367/effects-of-automated-smartphone-mobile-recovery-support-and-telephone-continuing-care-in-the-treatment-of-alcohol-use-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
James R McKay, David H Gustafson, Megan Ivey, Fiona McTavish, Klaren Pe-Romashko, Brenda Curtis, David A Oslin, Daniel Polsky, Andrew Quanbeck, Kevin G Lynch
BACKGROUND: New smartphone communication technology provides a novel way to provide personalized continuing care support following alcohol treatment. One such system is the Addiction version of the Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System (A-CHESS), which provides a range of automated functions that support patients. A-CHESS improved drinking outcomes over standard continuing care when provided to patients leaving inpatient treatment. Effective continuing care can also be delivered via telephone calls with a counselor...
January 30, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364771/female-chess-players-outperform-expectations-when-playing-men
#4
Tom Stafford
Stereotype threat has been offered as a potential explanation of differential performance between men and women in some cognitive domains. Questions remain about the reliability and generality of the phenomenon. Previous studies have found that stereotype threat is activated in female chess players when they are matched against male players. I used data from over 5.5 million games of international tournament chess and found no evidence of a stereotype-threat effect. In fact, female players outperform expectations when playing men...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350296/use-of-biotechnological-devices-in-the-quantification-of-psychophysiological-workload-of-professional-chess-players
#5
Juan P Fuentes, Santos Villafaina, Daniel Collado-Mateo, Ricardo de la Vega, Narcis Gusi, Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez
Psychophysiological requirements of chess players are poorly understood, and periodization of training is often made without any empirical basis. For this reason, the aim of the present study was to investigate the psychophysiological response and quantify the player internal load during, and after playing a chess game. The participant was an elite 33 year-old male chess player ranked among the 300 best chess players in the world. Thus, cortical arousal by critical flicker fusion threshold, electroencephalogram by the theta Fz/alpha Pz ratio and autonomic modulation by heart rate variability were analyzed...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340855/the-relationship-between-target-joints-and-direct-resource-use-in-severe-haemophilia
#6
Jamie O'Hara, Shaun Walsh, Charlotte Camp, Giuseppe Mazza, Liz Carroll, Christina Hoxer, Lars Wilkinson
OBJECTIVES: Target joints are a common complication of severe haemophilia. While factor replacement therapy constitutes the majority of costs in haemophilia, the relationship between target joints and non drug-related direct costs (NDDCs) has not been studied. METHODS: Data on haemophilia patients without inhibitors was drawn from the 'Cost of Haemophilia across Europe - a Socioeconomic Survey' (CHESS) study, a cost assessment in severe haemophilia A and B across five European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom) in which 139 haemophilia specialists provided demographic and clinical information for 1285 adult patients...
January 16, 2018: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339817/cooperating-with-machines
#7
Jacob W Crandall, Mayada Oudah, Tennom, Fatimah Ishowo-Oloko, Sherief Abdallah, Jean-François Bonnefon, Manuel Cebrian, Azim Shariff, Michael A Goodrich, Iyad Rahwan
Since Alan Turing envisioned artificial intelligence, technical progress has often been measured by the ability to defeat humans in zero-sum encounters (e.g., Chess, Poker, or Go). Less attention has been given to scenarios in which human-machine cooperation is beneficial but non-trivial, such as scenarios in which human and machine preferences are neither fully aligned nor fully in conflict. Cooperation does not require sheer computational power, but instead is facilitated by intuition, cultural norms, emotions, signals, and pre-evolved dispositions...
January 16, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317663/trpv1-enhances-the-afferent-response-to-p2x-receptor-activation-in-the-mouse-urinary-bladder
#8
Luke Grundy, Donna M Daly, Christopher Chapple, David Grundy, Russ Chess-Williams
Both TRPV1 and P2X receptors present on bladder sensory nerve fibres have been implicated in mechanosensation during bladder filling. The aim of this study was to determine possible interactions between these receptors in modulating afferent nerve activity. In wildtype (TRPV1+/+) and TRPV1 knockout (TRPV1-/-) mice, bladder afferent nerve activity, intravesical pressure, and luminal ATP and acetylcholine levels were determined and also intracellular calcium responses of dissociated pelvic DRG neurones and primary mouse urothelial cells (PMUCs)...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306338/adverse-events-in-home-care-identifying-and-responding-with-interrai-scales-and-clinical-assessment-protocols
#9
Chi-Ling Joanna Sinn, Raquel Souza Dias Betini, Jennifer Wright, Lorri Eckler, Byung Wook Chang, Sophie Hogeveen, Luke Turcotte, John P Hirdes
Outcomes of adverse events in home care are varied and multifactorial. This study tested a framework combining two health measures to identify home care recipients at higher risk of long-term care placement or death within one year. Both measures come from the Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care (RAI-HC), a standardized comprehensive clinical assessment. Persons scoring high in the Method for Assigning Priority Levels (MAPLe) algorithm and Changes in Health, End-stage disease, Signs and Symptoms (CHESS) scale were at the greatest risk of placement or death and more than twice as likely to experience either outcome earlier than others...
January 8, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276344/does-far-transfer-exist-negative-evidence-from-chess-music-and-working-memory-training
#10
Giovanni Sala, Fernand Gobet
Chess masters and expert musicians appear to be, on average, more intelligent than the general population. Some researchers have thus claimed that playing chess or learning music enhances children's cognitive abilities and academic attainment. We here present two meta-analyses assessing the effect of chess and music instruction on children's cognitive and academic skills. A third meta-analysis evaluated the effects of working memory training-a cognitive skill correlated with music and chess expertise-on the same variables...
December 2017: Current Directions in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261132/molecular-determinants-of-malignant-brain-cancers-from-intracellular-alterations-to-invasion-mediated-by-extracellular-vesicles
#11
REVIEW
Gabriella Schiera, Carlo Maria Di Liegro, Italia Di Liegro
Malignant glioma cells invade the surrounding brain parenchyma, by migrating along the blood vessels, thus promoting cancer growth. The biological bases of these activities are grounded in profound alterations of the metabolism and the structural organization of the cells, which consequently acquire the ability to modify the surrounding microenvironment, by altering the extracellular matrix and affecting the properties of the other cells present in the brain, such as normal glial-, endothelial- and immune-cells...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248887/the-lived-experience-of-chronic-headache-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#12
Vivien P Nichols, David R Ellard, Frances E Griffiths, Atiya Kamal, Martin Underwood, Stephanie J C Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the qualitative literature of the lived experience of people with a chronic headache disorder. BACKGROUND: Chronic headaches affect 3%-4% of the population. The most common chronic headache disorders are chronic migraine, chronic tension-type headache and medication overuse headache. We present a systematic review and meta-ethnographic synthesis of the lived experience of people with chronic headache. METHODS: We searched seven electronic databases, hand-searched nine journals and used a modified Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklist to appraise study quality...
December 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239764/treatment-choices-for-the-glycaemic-management-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-chronic-kidney-disease-analysis-of-the-sail-patient-linked-dataset
#13
Thinzar Min, Gareth I Davies, Sam Rice, James Chess, Jeffrey W Stephens
AIMS: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common in type 2 diabetes and limits the treatment choices for glycaemic control. Our aim was to examine real-world prescribing for managing hyperglycaemia in the presence of CKD. METHODS: The SAIL (Secure Anonymised Information Linkage) databank was used to examine prescribing during the period from the 1st of January to 30th December 2014. CKD was defined as:- none or mild CKD, eGFR ≥60mL/min/1.73m2; moderate CKD eGFR <60mL/min/1...
November 23, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239631/video-game-training-does-not-enhance-cognitive-ability-a-comprehensive-meta-analytic-investigation
#14
Giovanni Sala, K Semir Tatlidil, Fernand Gobet
As a result of considerable potential scientific and societal implications, the possibility of enhancing cognitive ability by training has been one of the most influential topics of cognitive psychology in the last two decades. However, substantial research into the psychology of expertise and a recent series of meta-analytic reviews have suggested that various types of cognitive training (e.g., working memory training) benefit performance only in the trained tasks. The lack of skill generalization from one domain to different ones-that is, far transfer-has been documented in various fields of research such as working memory training, music, brain training, and chess...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232201/the-future-is-now-how-millennials-tech-and-a-chess-playing-computer-are-changing-orthodontics
#15
Leon Klempner, Amy Epstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthodontics: JCO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231699/reinforced-lithium-silicate-ceramic-a-case-report
#16
Gregori M Kurtzman, Chess Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Dentistry Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209510/milrinone-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-randomized-pilot-trial-study-protocol-review-of-literature-and-survey-of-current-practices
#17
REVIEW
Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Martin Keszler, Haresh Kirpalani, Krisa Van Meurs, Patricia Chess, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Bradley Yoder, Maria V Fraga, Holly Hedrick, Kevin P Lally, Leif Nelin, Michael Cotten, Jonathan Klein, Stephanie Guilford, Ashley Williams, Aasma Chaudhary, Marie Gantz, Jenna Gabrio, Dhuly Chowdhury, Kristin Zaterka-Baxter, Abhik Das, Rosemary D Higgins
Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is commonly associated with pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH). PH associated with CDH (CDH-PH) is frequently resistant to conventional pulmonary vasodilator therapy including inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) possibly due to right and left ventricular dysfunction. Milrinone is an intravenous inotrope and lusitrope with pulmonary vasodilator properties and has been shown anecdotally to improve oxygenation in PH. We developed this pilot study to determine if milrinone infusion would improve oxygenation in neonates ≥36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) with CDH...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148048/editorial-perspective-whatever-happened-to-temperament
#18
EDITORIAL
William B Carey
A recent editorial in this journal supported our need to be 'mindful of the field's strict adherence to the disease model of psychopathology, and wondered (not for the first time) whether our total allegiance to this model has obscured important information.' Dr. Burt pointed to studies in which normal behavioral style traits such as activity and resilience may have been significant factors in the outcome. These traits bear a close relationship to two of the nine normal temperament traits described by Chess and Thomas in their New York Longitudinal Study starting in 1956...
December 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138131/reducing-symptom-distress-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-using-an-e-alert-system-for-caregivers-pooled-analysis-of-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#19
David H Gustafson, Lori L DuBenske, Amy K Atwood, Ming-Yuan Chih, Roberta A Johnson, Fiona McTavish, Andrew Quanbeck, Roger L Brown, James F Cleary, Dhavan Shah
BACKGROUND: Symptom distress in patients toward the end of life can change rapidly. Family caregivers have the potential to help patients manage those symptoms, as well as their own stress, if they are equipped with the proper resources. Electronic health (eHealth) systems may be able to provide those resources. Very sick patients may not be able to use such systems themselves to report their symptoms but family caregivers could. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to assess the effects on cancer patient symptom distress of an eHealth system that alerts clinicians to significant changes in the patient's symptoms, as reported by a family caregiver...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135321/interactivity-presence-and-targeted-patient-care-mapping-e-health-intervention-effects-over-time-for-cancer-patients-with-depression
#20
Sojung Claire Kim, Bret R Shaw, Dhavan V Shah, Robert P Hawkins, Suzanne Pingree, Fiona M McTavish, David H Gustafson
This study examined the interplay of depression and different types of e-health interventions on breast cancer patients' perceived healthcare competence, emotional processing, and social well-being over time. The three e-health interventions--Internet Only as a control condition, CHESS (Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System) Only, and CHESS with a Human Mentor, a cancer information specialist--provided varying degrees of interactivity and presence. A total of 328 women with breast cancer participated in one of the three interventions for a 6-month period...
November 14, 2017: Health Communication
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