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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232201/the-future-is-now-how-millennials-tech-and-a-chess-playing-computer-are-changing-orthodontics
#1
Leon Klempner, Amy Epstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthodontics: JCO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231699/reinforced-lithium-silicate-ceramic-a-case-report
#2
Gregori M Kurtzman, Chess Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Dentistry Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209510/milrinone-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-randomized-pilot-trial-study-protocol-review-of-literature-and-survey-of-current-practices
#3
REVIEW
Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Martin Keszler, Haresh Kirpalani, Krisa Van Meurs, Patricia Chess, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Bradley Yoder, Maria V Fraga, Holly Hedrick, Kevin P Lally, Leif Nelin, Michael Cotten, Jonathan Klein, Stephanie Guilford, Ashley Williams, Aasma Chaudhary, Marie Gantz, Jenna Gabrio, Dhuly Chowdhury, Kristin Zaterka-Baxter, Abhik Das, Rosemary D Higgins
Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is commonly associated with pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH). PH associated with CDH (CDH-PH) is frequently resistant to conventional pulmonary vasodilator therapy including inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) possibly due to right and left ventricular dysfunction. Milrinone is an intravenous inotrope and lusitrope with pulmonary vasodilator properties and has been shown anecdotally to improve oxygenation in PH. We developed this pilot study to determine if milrinone infusion would improve oxygenation in neonates ≥36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) with CDH...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148048/editorial-perspective-whatever-happened-to-temperament
#4
EDITORIAL
William B Carey
A recent editorial in this journal supported our need to be 'mindful of the field's strict adherence to the disease model of psychopathology, and wondered (not for the first time) whether our total allegiance to this model has obscured important information.' Dr. Burt pointed to studies in which normal behavioral style traits such as activity and resilience may have been significant factors in the outcome. These traits bear a close relationship to two of the nine normal temperament traits described by Chess and Thomas in their New York Longitudinal Study starting in 1956...
December 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138131/reducing-symptom-distress-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-using-an-e-alert-system-for-caregivers-pooled-analysis-of-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#5
David H Gustafson, Lori L DuBenske, Amy K Atwood, Ming-Yuan Chih, Roberta A Johnson, Fiona McTavish, Andrew Quanbeck, Roger L Brown, James F Cleary, Dhavan Shah
BACKGROUND: Symptom distress in patients toward the end of life can change rapidly. Family caregivers have the potential to help patients manage those symptoms, as well as their own stress, if they are equipped with the proper resources. Electronic health (eHealth) systems may be able to provide those resources. Very sick patients may not be able to use such systems themselves to report their symptoms but family caregivers could. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to assess the effects on cancer patient symptom distress of an eHealth system that alerts clinicians to significant changes in the patient's symptoms, as reported by a family caregiver...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135321/interactivity-presence-and-targeted-patient-care-mapping-e-health-intervention-effects-over-time-for-cancer-patients-with-depression
#6
Sojung Claire Kim, Bret R Shaw, Dhavan V Shah, Robert P Hawkins, Suzanne Pingree, Fiona M McTavish, David H Gustafson
This study examined the interplay of depression and different types of e-health interventions on breast cancer patients' perceived healthcare competence, emotional processing, and social well-being over time. The three e-health interventions--Internet Only as a control condition, CHESS (Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System) Only, and CHESS with a Human Mentor, a cancer information specialist--provided varying degrees of interactivity and presence. A total of 328 women with breast cancer participated in one of the three interventions for a 6-month period...
November 14, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123175/structure-constrained-by-metadata-in-networks-of-chess-players
#7
Nahuel Almeira, Ana L Schaigorodsky, Juan I Perotti, Orlando V Billoni
Chess is an emblematic sport that stands out because of its age, popularity and complexity. It has served to study human behavior from the perspective of a wide number of disciplines, from cognitive skills such as memory and learning, to aspects like innovation and decision-making. Given that an extensive documentation of chess games played throughout history is available, it is possible to perform detailed and statistically significant studies about this sport. Here we use one of the most extensive chess databases in the world to construct two networks of chess players...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104045/5-ht2a-receptor-is-the-predominant-receptor-mediating-contraction-of-the-isolated-porcine-distal-ureter-to-5-ht-in-young-and-old-animals
#8
Iris Lim, Russ Chess-Williams, Donna Sellers
Isolated ureteral strips develop spontaneous phasic contractile activity which is enhanced by 5-hydroytryptamine (5-HT). The aim of this study was to identify the receptor subtype mediating these responses and to determine whether responses to 5-HT change with age. The frequency of contractions and the overall contractile activity (measured as the area under the curve, AUC) were recorded in strips of porcine distal ureter isolated from young (3 months) and old (2 years) pigs. Responses to 5-HT were examined in the absence and presence of selective 5-HT receptor subtype antagonists...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101550/chess-knowledge-predicts-chess-memory-even-after-controlling-for-chess-experience-evidence-for-the-role-of-high-level-processes
#9
David M Lane, Yu-Hsuan A Chang
The expertise effect in memory for chess positions is one of the most robust effects in cognitive psychology. One explanation of this effect is that chess recall is based on the recognition of familiar patterns and that experts have learned more and larger patterns. Template theory and its instantiation as a computational model are based on this explanation. An alternative explanation is that the expertise effect is due, in part, to stronger players having better and more conceptual knowledge, with this knowledge facilitating memory performance...
November 3, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081420/qeeg-based-neural-correlates-of-decision-making-in-a-well-trained-eight-year-old-chess-player
#10
Abolfazl Alipour, Sahar Seifzadeh, Hadi Aligholi, Mohammad Nami
The neurocognitive substrates of decision making (DM) in the context of chess has appealed to researchers' interest for decades. Expert and beginner chess players are hypothesized to employ different brain functional networks when involved in episodes of critical DM upon chess. Cognitive capacities including, but not restricted to pattern recognition, visuospatial search, reasoning, planning and DM are perhaps the key determinants of rewarding and judgmental decisions in chess. Meanwhile, the precise neural correlates of DM in this context has largely remained elusive...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073472/epilepsy-may-be-the-major-risk-factor-of-mental-retardation-in-children-with-tuberous-sclerosis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Yang-Yang Wang, Ling-Yu Pang, Shu-Fang Ma, Meng-Na Zhang, Li-Ying Liu, Li-Ping Zou
Mental retardation (MR) is one of the most common cognitive comorbidities in children with tuberous sclerosis, and there are enormous studies about its risk factors. The genetic difference and the severity of epilepsy are the two main factors, but their weight in the occurrence of MR is still unclear. Two hundred twenty-three patients with tuberous sclerosis who received intelligence assessment, genetic mutation analysis, and the epilepsy severity assessment were included in our study. Genotype-neurocognitive phenotype correlations and epilepsy-neurocognitive phenotype correlations were analyzed by binary logistic regression analysis...
December 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054404/fat-suppression-at-three-dimensional-t1-weighted-mr-imaging-of-the-hands-dixon-method-versus-chess-technique
#12
T Kirchgesner, V Perlepe, N Michoux, A Larbi, B Vande Berg
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of fat suppression and the image quality of the Dixon method with those of the chemical shift-selective (CHESS) technique in hands of normal subjects at non-enhanced three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both hands of 14 healthy volunteers were imaged with 3D fast spoiled gradient echo (FSPGR) T1-weighted Dixon, 3D FSPGR T1-weighted CHESS and 3D T1-weighted fast spin echo (FSE) CHESS sequences in a 1...
October 17, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047615/optimal-micro-mirror-tilt-angle-and-sync-mark-design-for-digital-micro-mirror-device-based-collinear-holographic-data-storage-system
#13
Jinpeng Liu, Hideyoshi Horimai, Xiao Lin, Jinyan Liu, Yong Huang, Xiaodi Tan
The collinear holographic data storage system (CHDSS) is a very promising storage system due to its large storage capacities and high transfer rates in the era of big data. The digital micro-mirror device (DMD) as a spatial light modulator is the key device of the CHDSS due to its high speed, high precision, and broadband working range. To improve the system stability and performance, an optimal micro-mirror tilt angle was theoretically calculated and experimentally confirmed by analyzing the relationship between the tilt angle of the micro-mirror on the DMD and the power profiles of diffraction patterns of the DMD at the Fourier plane...
June 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047181/a-rotaxane-scaffold-for-the-construction-of-multiporphyrinic-light-harvesting-devices
#14
Jean-Francois Nierengarten, Béatrice Delavaux-Nicot, Haifa Ben Aziza, Iwona Nierengarten, Thi Minh Nguyet Trinh, Eric Meichsner, Matthieu Chessé, Michel Holler, Rym Abidi, Emmanuel Maisonhaute
A sophisticated photoactive molecular device has been prepared by combining recent concepts for the preparation of multifunctional nanomolecules (click chemistry on multifunctional scaffolds) with supramolecular chemistry (self-assembly to prepare rotaxanes). Specifically, a clickable [2]rotaxane scaffold incorporating a free-base porphyrin stopper has been prepared and functionalized with ten peripheral Zn(II)-porphyrin moieties. Electrochemical investigations of the final compound revealed a peculiar behavior resulting from the intramolecular coordination of the Zn(II) porphyrin moieties to 1,2,3-triazole units...
October 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026739/mohalla-clinics-of-delhi-india-could-these-become-platform-to-strengthen-primary-healthcare
#15
EDITORIAL
Chandrakant Lahariya
The mohalla or community clinics in Delhi, India aims to provide basic health services to underserved population in urban settings. This article reviews and analyzes the strengths & limitations of the concept and explores the role these clinics can play in (1) reforming urban health service delivery, (2) addressing health inequities, and (3) strengthening primary health care. These clinics provide basic healthcare services to people, in underserved areas, in a responsive manner, have brought health higher on the political agenda and the governments of a number of Indian states have shown interest in adoption (of a variant) of this concept...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964945/validation-of-a-predictive-scoring-system-for-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#16
Raghav Gupta, Luis C Ascanio, Alejandro Enriquez-Marulanda, Christoph J Griessenauer, Anu Chinnadurai, Ray Jhun, Abdulrahman Alturki, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ajith J Thomas, Justin M Moore
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a frequently encountered complication in the context of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Here, we performed an external validation of the recently proposed postsubarachnoid shunt scoring (PS3) system, which aims to stratify patients presenting with aSAH based on their relative risk of requiring ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients presenting with aSAH to our institution between July 2007 and December 2016, who underwent computed tomography imaging at the time of hospital admission, was performed...
September 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922091/how-cancer-patients-use-and-benefit-from-an-interactive-cancer-communication-system
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jeong Yeob Han, Robert Hawkins, Timothy Baker, Dhavan V Shah, Suzanne Pingree, David H Gustafson
Despite the mounting evidence of efficacy of eHealth interventions, their mechanisms of action remain unknown. The current study analyzed patient log data as each patient engaged in an eHealth system called the Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System (CHESS) and reports on how patients engage with different combinations of eHealth services over time. Newly diagnosed breast cancer patients (N = 443) were given access for 6 months to one of four different configurations of CHESS: (1) Information, (2) Information and Support, (3) Information, Support, and Coaching (Full CHESS), and (4) Full CHESS and Mentor...
October 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873312/efficient-computation-of-sparse-matrix-functions-for-large-scale-electronic-structure-calculations-the-chess-library
#18
Stephan Mohr, William Dawson, Michael Wagner, Damien Caliste, Takahito Nakajima, Luigi Genovese
We present CheSS, the "Chebyshev Sparse Solvers" library, which has been designed to solve typical problems arising in large-scale electronic structure calculations using localized basis sets. The library is based on a flexible and efficient expansion in terms of Chebyshev polynomials and presently features the calculation of the density matrix, the calculation of matrix powers for arbitrary powers, and the extraction of eigenvalues in a selected interval. CheSS is able to exploit the sparsity of the matrices and scales linearly with respect to the number of nonzero entries, making it well-suited for large-scale calculations...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870834/prevalence-of-preventive-cardiovascular-medication-use-in-nursing-home-residents-room-for-deprescribing-the-shelter-study
#19
Alireza Malek Makan, Hein van Hout, Graziano Onder, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Henriëtte van der Roest, Rob van Marum
INTRODUCTION: In nursing home (NH) residents with a very short life expectancy, the benefits of preventive cardiovascular medication maintenance are questionable. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of 4 classes of preventive cardiovascular medication (PCM) in NH residents, and to explore differences of prevalence across length of stay, mortality risk, cognitive impairment, functional disability, and across countries. METHODS: A 12-month prospective cohort study was conducted in 57 NHs in 8 countries (Czech Republic, England, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, and Israel)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820199/tuning-the-copper-ii-coordination-properties-of-cyclam-by-subtle-chemical-modifications
#20
Nathalie Camus, Nathalie Le Bris, Selbi Nuryyeva, Matthieu Chessé, David Esteban-Gómez, Carlos Platas-Iglesias, Raphaël Tripier, Mourad Elhabiri
The acid-base and copper(ii) coordination properties of three previously described cyclam derivatives are reported. Potentiometry, mass spectrometry, UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, electrochemistry and theoretical calculations were combined to investigate the protonation and binding properties of Bn-cyclam-EtOH (L1), oxo-cyclam-EtOH (L2) and oxo-Bn-cyclam-EtOH (L3). These three cyclams are C-functionalized by a hydroxyethyl pendant arm and display either one N-benzyl group and/or an amide replacing one macrocyclic secondary amine...
August 29, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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