keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Maldi bacteria resistance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896172/recent-advances-and-ongoing-challenges-in-the-diagnosis-of-microbial-infections-by-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry
#1
Walter Florio, Arianna Tavanti, Simona Barnini, Emilia Ghelardi, Antonella Lupetti
Timeliness and accuracy in the diagnosis of microbial infections are associated with decreased mortality and reduced length of hospitalization, especially for severe, life-threatening infections. A rapid diagnosis also allows for early streamlining of empirical antimicrobial therapies, thus contributing to limit the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance. The introduction of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) for routine identification of microbial pathogens has profoundly influenced microbiological diagnostics, and is progressively replacing biochemical identification methods...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862284/a-prospective-evaluation-of-two-rapid-phenotypical-antimicrobial-susceptibility-technologies-for-the-diagnostic-stewardship-of-sepsis
#2
Cesira Giordano, Elena Piccoli, Veronica Brucculeri, Simona Barnini
Rapid identification of bloodstream pathogens by MALDI-TOF MS and the recently introduced rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing (rAST) directly from positive blood cultures allow clinicians to promptly achieve a targeted therapy, especially for multidrug resistant microorganisms. In the present study, we propose a comparison between phenotypical rASTs performed in light-scattering technology (Alfred 60AST, Alifax®) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (Pheno™, Accelerate) directly from positive blood cultures, providing results in 4-7 hours...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859693/short-communication-a-country-wide-survey-of-antimicrobial-resistant-indicator-bacteria-in-kosovo-s-dairy-farms
#3
Jeffrey C Chandler, Sulaiman F Aljasir, Afrim Hamidi, Driton Sylejmani, Kenneth G Gerow, Bledar Bisha
The World Health Organization recently recognized the Republic of Kosovo as one of the highest consumers per capita of antibiotics for human use among non-European Union Eastern European countries; however, data are limited regarding antimicrobial usage and antimicrobial resistance in the livestock sector for this recently formed country. The objective of this study was to conduct the first nationwide survey of antimicrobial resistance phenotypes in indicator bacteria collected from dairy farms in Kosovo. Composite fecal samples were collected from 52 farms located within all 7 administrative districts of Kosovo in the summer of 2014...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808450/relation-to-enterocins-of-variable-aeromonas-species-isolated-from-trouts-of-slovakian-aquatic-sources-and-detected-by-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry
#4
Andrea Lauková, Ivana Kubašová, Anna Kandričáková, Viola Strompfová, Rudolf Žitňan, Monika Pogány Simonová
Aeromonads represent bacteria thought to be primarily mostly autochthonous to aquatic environments. This study was focused on the relation with antibiotics and enterocins of identified Aeromonas species isolated from the intestine of trouts living in Slovakian aquatic sources. Intestinal samples from 50 trouts (3 Salmo trutta and 47 Salmo gairdnerii) were collected in April of years 2007, 2010, and 2015 from trouts of different water sources in Slovakia (pond Bukovec near Košice, river Čierny Váh). Due to the MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry evaluation, 25 strains were proposed to the genus Aeromonas involving nine different species (Aeromonas bestiarum-nine strains, Aer...
May 28, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608117/clinical-impact-of-rapid-bacterial-identification-by-maldi-tof-ms-combined-with-the-b%C3%A3%C2%AAta-lacta%C3%A2-test-on-early-antibiotic-adaptation-by-an-antimicrobial-stewardship-team-in-bloodstream-infections
#5
A Mizrahi, J Amzalag, C Couzigou, G Péan De Ponfilly, B Pilmis, A Le Monnier
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) can potentially be life-threatening infections and are associated with a high crude mortality, moreover with an inappropriate first-line antibiotic therapy. Bacterial resistance is more and more frequently observed. New strategies of BSI management are urgently needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During an 18-months period, we prospectively evaluated the clinical impact of rapid bacterial identification by MALDI-TOF MS technology combined with an antimicrobial stewardship team (AST) intervention...
April 2, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590370/kpc-2-carbapenemase-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-reaching-germany
#6
Jürgen Benjamin Hagemann, Niels Pfennigwerth, Sören G Gatermann, Heike von Baum, Andreas Essig
Background: Antimicrobial resistance due to carbapenemase expression poses a worldwide threat in healthcare. Inter-genus exchange of genetic information is of utmost importance in this context. Objectives: Here, to the best of our knowledge, we describe the first detection and characterization of a KPC-2-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Germany. Methods: Characterization of the isolate was performed using MALDI-TOF MS, automated microdilution and MLST...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580515/probiotic-potential-of-yeasts-isolated-from-pineapple-and-their-use-in-the-elaboration-of-potentially-functional-fermented-beverages
#7
Juliana Cunha Amorim, Roberta Hilsdorf Piccoli, Whasley Ferreira Duarte
Pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merril) is a tropical fruit rich in nutrients characterized by a pleasant taste and widely consumed in several countries. It is used to produce juice, jams and wine. In this work, 150 yeasts isolates were obtained from peel (18) and spontaneously fermented pineapple pulp (132). The probiotic potential of 50 isolates was studied. Survival at pH 2.0, pepsin 3.0 g/L, and tolerance of bile salts (0.1 and 1% (w/v) were determined as indicators of survival potential of the isolates during the passage through the human gastrointestinal tract in simulated conditions...
May 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550436/bioaccumulation-of-cadmium-by-enterobacter-sp-and-enhancement-of-rice-seedling-growth-under-cadmium-stress
#8
Soumik Mitra, Krishnendu Pramanik, Anumita Sarkar, Pallab Kumar Ghosh, Tithi Soren, Tushar Kanti Maiti
Bacteria-mediated plant growth promotion and bioremediation of heavy metal containing soil is a widely accepted eco-friendly method. The present study is aimed to screen out cadmium resistant bacterial strain from metal contaminated rice rhizosphere and evaluate its effects on the growth of rice seedlings under cadmium stress. Among four different isolates (designated as S1, S2, S3 and S5), the S2 isolate was screened on the basis of different PGP traits and multi heavy metal resistance (minimum inhibitory concentration for cadmium, lead and arsenic were 3500, 2500 and 1050 µg/ml respectively)...
July 30, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534106/a-new-scheme-for-strain-typing-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-on-the-basis-of-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-by-using-machine-learning-approach
#9
Hsin-Yao Wang, Tzong-Yi Lee, Yi-Ju Tseng, Tsui-Ping Liu, Kai-Yao Huang, Yung-Ta Chang, Chun-Hsien Chen, Jang-Jih Lu
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), one of the most important clinical pathogens, conducts an increasing number of morbidity and mortality in the world. Rapid and accurate strain typing of bacteria would facilitate epidemiological investigation and infection control in near real time. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry is a rapid and cost-effective tool for presumptive strain typing. To develop robust method for strain typing based on MALDI-TOF spectrum, machine learning (ML) is a promising algorithm for the construction of predictive model...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527202/comprehensive-evaluation-of-the-mbt-star-bl-module-for-simultaneous-bacterial-identification-and-%C3%AE-lactamase-mediated-resistance-detection-in-gram-negative-rods-from-cultured-isolates-and-positive-blood-cultures
#10
Annie W T Lee, Johnson K S Lam, Ricky K W Lam, Wan H Ng, Ella N L Lee, Vicky T Y Lee, Po P Sze, Rahim Rajwani, Kitty S C Fung, Wing K To, Rodney A Lee, Dominic N C Tsang, Gilman K H Siu
Objective: This study evaluated the capability of a MALDI Biotyper system equipped with the newly introduced MBT STAR-BL module to simultaneously perform species identification and β-lactamase-mediated resistance detection in bacteremia -causing bacteria isolated from cultured isolates and patient-derived blood cultures (BCs). Methods: Two hundred retrospective cultured isolates and 153 prospective BCs containing Gram-negative rods (GNR) were collected and subjected to direct bacterial identification, followed by the measurement of β-lactamase activities against ampicillin, piperacillin, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, and meropenem using the MBT STAR-BL module...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508232/rare-case-of-osteomyelitis-of-tibial-shaft-caused-by-nocardia-cyriacigeorgica
#11
D Raszka, S Popelka, J Heřt, D Jahoda, I Landor, P Vavřík
Nocardiosis is a rare infection caused by the aerobic actinomycete of the Nocardia genus. In most cases, nocardiosis manifests as a lung infection or a bone lesion. Due to the nonspecific and mild clinical manifestations of nocardiosis, the establishment of definite diagnosis can be difficult. When antibiotic therapy is incorrectly targeted, only the symptoms of the disease are suppressed. The mainstay in the treatment of Nocardia osteomyelitis has so far been the combined surgical debridement with long-term, initially intravenous, antibiotic administration...
March 5, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499232/direct-detection-of-carbapenemase-associated-proteins-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-using-nanodiamonds-coupled-with-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#12
Kai-Chih Chang, Chin-Yi Chung, Chen-Hsing Yeh, Kuo-Hsiu Hsu, Ya-Ching Chin, Sin-Siang Huang, Bo-Rong Liu, Hsi-An Chen, Anren Hu, Po-Chi Soo, Wen-Ping Peng
The appearance and spread of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) pose a challenge for optimization of antibiotic therapies and outbreak preventions. The carbapenemase production can be detected through culture-based methods (e.g. Modified Hodge Test-MHT) and DNA based methods (e.g. Polymerase Chain Reaction-PCR). The culture-based methods are time-consuming, whereas those of PCR assays need only a few hours but due to its specificity, can only detect known genetic targets encoding carbapenem-resistance genes...
April 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462787/mechanistic-insights-into-transferable-polymyxin-resistance-among-gut-bacteria
#13
Yongchang Xu, Jingxia Lin, Tao Cui, Swaminath Srinivas, Youjun Feng
Polymyxins such as colistin are antibiotics used as a final line of defense in the management of infections with multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Although natural resistance to polymyxins is rare, the discovery of a mobilized colistin resistance gene ( mcr-1 ) in gut bacteria has raised significant concern. As an intramembrane enzyme, MCR-1 catalyzes the transfer of phosphoethanolamine (PEA) to the 1 (or 4')-phosphate group of the lipid A moiety of lipopolysaccharide, thereby conferring colistin resistance...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411729/fecal-carriage-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-and-ampc-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-turkish-community
#14
G Hazirolan, I Mumcuoglu, G Altan, B B Özmen, N Aksu, Z C Karahan
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired infection caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing microorganisms has an increasing frequency. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the fecal carriage of ESBL and AmpC beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in community and to investigate cefotaxime-M (CTX-M) genes among ESBL isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1402 fecal specimens which were collected from outpatients included in the study...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325326/-investigation-of-colistin-resistance-gene-mcr-in-gut-bacteria-from-patients-with-acute-diarrheal
#15
Y Li, W J Yan, S Q Liu
Objective: To investigate the presence of colistin resistance gene mcr in gut bacteria from patients with acute diarrhea. Methods: Fresh stool samples were collected from 150 outpatients with acute diarrhea in the intestinal clinic of Henan Provincial People's Hospital, and were directly detected for the presence of mcr by PCR after enrichment in the broth.The mcr-producing bacteria were further isolated and identified by MALDI-TOF MS (Bruker Biotyper). Antimicrobial susceptibility of these isolates was conducted by micro-broth dilution method...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281884/binary-colloidal-crystal-layers-as-platforms-for-surface-patterning-of-puroindoline-based-antimicrobial-peptides
#16
Andrew Boden, Mrinal Bhave, Peng-Yuan Wang, Snehal Jadhav, Peter Kingshott
The ability of bacteria to form biofilms and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains have prompted the need to develop the next generation of antibacterial coatings. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are showing promise as molecules that can address these issues, especially if used when immobilized as a surface coating. We present a method that explores how surface patterns together with the selective immobilization of an AMP called PuroA (FPVTWRWWKWWKG-NH2 ) can be used to both kill bacteria and also as a tool to study bacterial attachment mechanisms...
January 24, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280153/methods-for-identification-and-differentiation-of-different-shewanella-spp-isolates-for-diagnostic-use
#17
V Jung-Schroers, A Jung, M Ryll, J Bauer, F Teitge, D Steinhagen
Shewanella spp. are Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile bacteria that are widely distributed in marine and freshwater environments. The bacteria are present in the physiological microflora of fish from temperate waters and are known as fish spoilage species. From clinically healthy fish and from fish with skin ulcerations, Shewanella spp. is regularly isolated, indicating a possible role as fish pathogen. In this study, 74 isolates of Shewanella spp. were analysed. For species identification, biochemical techniques, 16S rRNA sequencing, MALDI-TOF MS and the Sherlock Microbial Identification System (MIS) based on the composition of fatty acid ethyl esters were compared...
April 2018: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279453/evaluation-of-the-filmarray-blood-culture-identification-panel-on-detection-of-pathogenic-microorganisms-in-positive-blood-cultures-the-first-clinical-report-in-japan
#18
Kyoichi Saito, Shiro Endo, Makoto Katsumi, Chiyuki Ishizawa, Yuko Fujikawa, Shinya Inomata, Masahiro Toyokawa, Mitsuo Kaku
FilmArray (FA) is a multiplex PCR-based desktop microbial detection system. The blood culture identification (BCID) panel is an adaptable panel for FA, which diagnoses sepsis and/or systemic infections by detecting 14 bacterial species, 4 bacterial genera, 1 bacterial family, 5 yeast species, and 3 antimicrobial resistance genes (mecA, Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase [KPC], and vanA/B) in positive blood cultures within 1 h. We retrospectively evaluated the FA-BCID panel using 54 positive blood cultures, in which 57 bacterial and 3 yeast strains were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)...
March 22, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225047/maldi-tof-ms-analysis-as-a-useful-tool-for-an-identification-of-legionella-pneumophila-a-facultatively-pathogenic-bacterium-interacting-with-free-living-amoebae-a-case-study-from-water-supply-system-of-hospitals-in-bratislava-slovakia
#19
Katarína Trnková, Martina Kotrbancová, Margita Špaleková, Miriam Fulová, Jana Boledovičová, Matej Vesteg
Legionellae, i.e. Legionella pneumophila, are human bacterial hydrophilic facultative pathogens causing pneumonia (Legionnaires' disease). Free-living amoebae (FLA) can serve as natural hosts and thus as reservoirs of many amoebae-resistant bacteria. An encysted amoeba can contribute to the resistance of intracellular L. pneumophila to various chemical and physical treatments. Humans can be infected by droplets containing bacteria from an environmental source or human-made devices such as shower heads, bathtubs, air-conditioning units or whirlpools...
January 2018: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203405/inactivation-of-the-arn-operon-and-loss-of-aminoarabinose-on-lipopolysaccharide-as-the-cause-of-susceptibility-to-colistin-in-an-atypical-clinical-isolate-of-proteus-vulgaris
#20
Sophie Baron, Zineb Leulmi, Claude Villard, Abiola Olumuyiwa Olaitan, Amar A Telke, Jean-Marc Rolain
Colistin has become a last-line antibiotic for the treatment of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections; however, resistance to colistin has emerged in recent years. Some bacteria, such as Proteus and Serratia spp., are intrinsically resistant to colistin although the exact mechanism of resistance is unknown. Here we identified the molecular support for intrinsic colistin resistance in Proteus spp. by comparative genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of colistin-susceptible (CSUR P1868_S) and colistin-resistant (CSUR P1867_R) strains of an atypical Proteus vulgaris...
March 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
keyword
keyword
50537
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"