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Hip preservation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721400/weight-adjusted-lean-body-mass-and-calf-circumference-are-protective-against-obesity-associated-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-abnormalities
#1
Toshinari Takamura, Yuki Kita, Masatoshi Nakagen, Masaru Sakurai, Yuki Isobe, Yumie Takeshita, Kohzo Kawai, Takeshi Urabe, Shuichi Kaneko
BACKGROUND: To test the hypothesis that preserved muscle mass is protective against obesity-associated insulin resistance and metabolic abnormalities, we analyzed the relationship of lean body mass and computed tomography-assessed sectional areas of specific skeletal muscles with insulin resistance and metabolic abnormalities in a healthy cohort. METHODS: A total of 195 subjects without diabetes who had completed a medical examination were included in this study...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719561/arterial-topographic-anatomy-near-the-femoral-head-neck-perforation-with-surgical-relevance
#2
Paulo Rego, Vasco Mascarenhas, Diego Collado, Ana Coelho, Luis Barbosa, Reinhold Ganz
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the vascular supply of the femoral head is crucial for hip-preserving surgical procedures. The critical area for reshaping cam deformity is at the retinacular vessel penetration, an area with ill-defined topographic anatomy. We performed a cadaver study of the extension of the lateral retinaculum near the head-neck junction, distribution of the arterial vascular foramina, and initial intracapital course of these vessels. METHODS: In 16 fresh proximal parts of the femur without head-neck deformities, the deep branch of the medial femoral circumflex artery was injected with gadolinium for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences to identify arterial structures...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716026/short-stem-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-in-patients-60%C3%A2-years-or-younger-a-3-to-10-year-follow-up-study
#3
Antonio Capone, Fabrizio Bienati, Stefania Torchia, Daniele Podda, Giuseppe Marongiu
BACKGROUND: In young patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), short-stem total hip arthroplasty (THA) could allow a potential advantage in preserving metaphyseal bone-stock, when revision surgery might become necessary. However, only a few studies have evaluated the outcome of short-stem THAs in ONFH. We reviewed the prospectively collected data of a cementless partial neck-retaining short-stem with ceramic-on-ceramic bearings in ONFH patients. METHODS: Thirty patients (37 hips) younger than 60 years (mean age at surgery, 51...
July 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706834/screw-fixation-of-os-acetabuli-an-arthroscopic-technique
#4
Adrián Cuéllar, Xabier Albillos, Asier Cuéllar, Ricardo Cuéllar
An os acetabuli (OA) increases the contact area and surface area of the acetabulum and is important to maintain congruity of the hip joint. Thus preservation of this ossicle is important to prevent loss of contact area and ensure containment of the femoral head. We describe an all-arthroscopic approach to the fixation of OA with a compression screw. Initially, the fibrous tissue is debrided between the acetabular rim and the OA, a guidewire is placed through the OA up to the acetabular rim, and a screw is inserted over the wire...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706820/basic-hip-arthroscopy-diagnostic-hip-arthroscopy
#5
Austin V Stone, Elizabeth A Howse, Sandeep Mannava, Brooke A Miller, Daniel Botros, Allston J Stubbs
Hip arthroscopy is increasing in popularity for the diagnosis and management of hip preservation. The basics of hip arthroscopy positioning, fluoroscopic assessment, and portal establishment are reviewed in the first 2 parts of this series. This article is the third installment in which we describe a systematic approach to performing a diagnostic hip arthroscopy. A mastery of diagnostic arthroscopy is necessary for surgeons treating hip disorders.
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688017/what-factors-predict-conversion-to-tha-after-arthroscopy
#6
John M Redmond, Asheesh Gupta, Kevin Dunne, Ammar Humayun, Leslie C Yuen, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Failure of hip preservation to alleviate symptoms potentially subjects the patient to reoperation or conversion surgery to THA, adding recovery time, risk, and cost. A risk calculator using an algorithm that can predict the likelihood that a patient who undergoes arthroscopic hip surgery will undergo THA within 2 years would be helpful, but to our knowledge, no such tool exists. QUESTIONS: (1) Are there preoperative and intraoperative variables at the time of hip arthroscopy associated with subsequent conversion to THA? (2) Can these variables be used to develop a predictive tool for conversion to THA? MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing arthroscopy from January 2009 through December 2011 were registered in our longitudinal database...
July 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683795/hip-preserving-surgery-with-concentrated-autologous-bone-marrow-aspirate-transplantation-for-the-treatment-of-asymptomatic-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-retrospective-review-of-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-at-6%C3%A2-years-postoperatively
#7
Yohei Tomaru, Tomokazu Yoshioka, Hisashi Sugaya, Katsuya Aoto, Hiroshi Wada, Hiroshi Akaogi, Masashi Yamazaki, Hajime Mishima
BACKGROUND: We had previously established concentrated autologous bone marrow aspirate transplantation (CABMAT), a one-step, low-invasive, joint-preserving surgical technique for treating osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of CABMAT as a hip preserving surgical approach, preventing femoral head collapse in asymptomatic ONFH. METHODS: In total, 222 patients (341 hips) with ONFH were treated with CABMAT between April 2003 and March 2013...
July 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679476/outcome-of-bone-marrow-instillation-at-fracture-site-in-intracapsular-fracture-of-femoral-neck-treated-by-head-preserving-surgery
#8
Nikhil Verma, M P Singh, Rehan Ul-Haq, Rajesh K Rajnish, Rahul Anshuman
PURPOSE: The aim of present study is to evaluate the outcome of bone marrow instillation at the fracture site in fracture of intracapsular neck femur treated by head preserving surgery. METHODS: This study included 32 patients of age group 18-50 years with closed fracture of intracapsular neck femur. Patients were randomized into two groups as per the plan generated via www.randomization.com. The two groups were Group A (control), in which the fracture of intracapsular neck femur was treated by closed reduction and cannulated cancellous screw fixation, and Group B (intervention), in which additional percutaneous autologous bone marrow aspirate instillation at fracture site was done along with cannulated cancellous screw fixation...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678345/the-effect-of-intentional-weight-loss-on-fracture-risk-in-persons-with-diabetes-results-from-the-look-ahead-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Karen C Johnson, George A Bray, Lawrence J Cheskin, Jeanne M Clark, Caitlin M Egan, John P Foreyt, Katelyn R Garcia, Stephen Glasser, Frank L Greenway, Edward W Gregg, Helen P Hazuda, Andrea Hergenroeder, James O Hill, Edward S Horton, John M Jakicic, Robert W Jeffery, Steven E Kahn, William C Knowler, Cora E Lewis, Marsha Miller, Maria G Montez, David M Nathan, Jennifer L Patricio, Anne L Peters, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Henry J Pownall, David Reboussin, J Bruce Redmon, Helmut Steinberg, Thomas A Wadden, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Rena R Wing, Catherine R Womack, Susan Z Yanovski, Ping Zhang, Ann V Schwartz
Intentional weight loss is an important treatment option for overweight persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), but the effects on long term fracture risk are not known. The purpose of this Look AHEAD analysis was to evaluate whether long term intentional weight loss would increase fracture risk in overweight or obese persons with DM. Look AHEAD is a multicenter, randomized clinical trial. Recruitment began in August 2001 and follow-up continued for a median of 11.3 years at 16 academic centers. 5145 persons aged 45 - 76 with DM were randomized to either an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) with reduced calorie consumption and increased physical activity designed to achieve and maintain ≥7% weight loss or to diabetes support and education intervention (DSE)...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678149/periacetabular-quadruple-osteotomy-of-the-pelvis-in-older-children-computed-tomography-scan-analysis-of-acetabular-retroversion-and-anterior-overcoverage-of-the-hip-preventing-femoral-acetabular-impingement
#10
Roger Jawish, Hassan Najdi, Ali Krayan
The periacetabular quadruple osteotomy of the pelvis (QOP), with the osteotomy of ischial spine to release the sacrospinal ligament, is reserved for older children with low potential of remodeling. Different parameters were studied with computed tomography (CT) scan before (pre-OH) and after surgery (post-OH) and for nonoperated hip (NOH). The study determined an optimal method to avoid retroversion and excessive anterior coverage. Fifteen QOP were performed in 13 patients, ranging in age from 10 to 15 years...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654765/a-traffic-light-grading-system-of-hip-dysplasia-to-predict-the-success-of-arthroscopic-hip-surgery
#11
George Grammatopoulos, Owain L I Davies, Ahmed El-Bakoury, Harinderjit S Gill, Tom C B Pollard, Antonio J Andrade
BACKGROUND: The role of hip arthroscopic surgery in dysplasia is controversial. PURPOSE: To determine the 7-year joint preservation rate after hip arthroscopic surgery in hip dysplasia and identify anatomic and intraoperative features that predict the success of hip preservation with arthroscopic surgery, allowing the formulation of an evidence-based classification system. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, 111 hips with dysplastic features (acetabular index [AI] >10° and/or lateral center-edge angle [LCEA] <25°) that underwent arthroscopic surgery were identified...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653964/a-comparison-of-clinical-outcome-between-athletes-and-nonathletes-undergoing-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement
#12
Yoichi Murata, Soshi Uchida, Hajime Utsunomiya, Akihisa Hatakeyama, Eiichiro Nakamura, Akinori Sakai
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcome of arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) between athlete and nonathlete patients. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. Level of Evidence III. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-four patients who underwent arthroscopic FAI correction from March 2009 to April 2012 were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into 2 groups, according to their sports participation (47 in the athlete group and 27 in the nonathlete group)...
July 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651782/femoral-neck-shortening-in-adult-patients-under-the-age-of-55-years-is-associated-with-worse-functional-outcomes-analysis-of-the-prospective-multi-center-study-of-hip-fracture-outcomes-in-china-shoc
#13
Gerard P Slobogean, David J Stockton, Bing-Fang Zeng, Dong Wang, Baotong Ma, Andrew N Pollak
INTRODUCTION: Young femoral neck fracture patients require surgical fixation to preserve the native hip joint and accommodate increased functional demands. Recent reports have identified a high incidence of fracture shortening and this may have negative functional consequences. We sought to determine if fracture shortening is associated with poor functional outcome in young femoral neck fracture patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-two patients with femoral neck fractures age 18-55 were recruited in this prospective cohort study across three Level 1 trauma hospitals in Mainland China...
June 20, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650686/the-influence-of-limb-alignment-and-transfemoral-amputation-technique-on-muscle-capacity-during-gait
#14
Ellyn C Ranz, Jason M Wilken, Donald A Gajewski, Richard R Neptune
Many factors influence successful outcomes following transfemoral amputation. One factor is surgical technique. In this study, the influence of limb alignment and surgical technique on a muscle's capacity to generate force was examined using musculoskeletal modeling. Non-amputee and transfemoral amputee models were analyzed while hip adduction, femur length, and reattached muscle wrap position, tension and stabilization technique were systematically varied. With muscle tension preserved, wrap position and femur length had little influence on muscle capacity...
June 26, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648706/total-hip-intraoperative-femur-fracture-do-the-design-enhancements-of-a-second-generation-tapered-wedge-stem-reduce-the-incidence
#15
Nicholas D Colacchio, Claire E Robbins, Mehran S Aghazadeh, Carl T Talmo, James V Bono
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative femur fracture (IFF) is a well-known complication in primary uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA). Variations in implant instrumentation design and operative technique may influence the risk of IFF. This study investigates IFF between a standard uncemented tapered-wedge femoral stem and its second-generation successor with the following design changes: size-specific medial curvature, proportional incremental stem growth, modest reduction in stem length, and distal lateral relief...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639157/exercise-for-improving-bone-health-in-women-treated-for-stages-i-iii-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#16
REVIEW
Canan P Fornusek, Sharon L Kilbreath
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of exercise, either alone or in combination with other interventions, compared to a control, for the preservation of bone mineral density (BMD) in early breast cancer (BC) patients. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify randomized or quasi-randomized trials which met inclusion criteria including prescribed exercise for ≥12 months. Ten publications from seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs), involving 1199 participants, were identified...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636468/do-ligamentum-teres-tears-portend-inferior-outcomes-in-patients-with-borderline-dysplasia-undergoing-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-a-match-controlled-study-with-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#17
Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Itay Perets, Lyall Ashberg, Brian Mu, Christopher Lenkeit, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic surgery in borderline dysplastic hips remains controversial, but the role of the ligamentum teres (LT) has not been studied in this setting. HYPOTHESIS: Borderline dysplastic patients with LT tears have worse short-term outcomes than those without LT tears. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery between February 2008 and April 2014...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630755/advances-in-hip-arthroplasty-surgery-what-is-justified
#18
Luigi Zagra
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery has shown dramatic changes in terms of increased number of procedures and of technical development in recent years. It has been described as "the operation of the 20(th) century" for the excellent results, the high satisfaction of the patients and the improvement of the quality of life.A lot of variations have been introduced over the last few decades in THA especially in terms of indications (both in younger and older patients), techniques and devices (approaches, tissue preservation, biomaterials and industrial finishing), per-operative management (blood loss and pain control) and post-operative protocols (the so called "fast track" surgery)...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630734/open-treatment-of-dysplasia-other-than-pao-does-it-have-to-be-a-pao
#19
REVIEW
Kotaro R Shibata, Shuichi Matsuda, Marc R Safran
Hip dysplasia is a developmental disorder that results in anatomic abnormalities in which the acetabular coverage is insufficient. In the absence of severe degenerative changes, younger active patients with these symptomatic structural abnormalities are increasingly managed with joint-preserving operations. Historically there have been numerous reconstructive pelvic osteotomies. In recent years, the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) has become the preferred osteotomy by many surgeons. Even so, as our understanding of the hip advances and new diagnostic and treatment techniques are developed, we sought to put a focus on the long-term results of augmental osteotomies and pelvic osteotomies other than the PAO, to see if any of these surgeries still have a place in the current algorithm of treatment for the dysplastic hip...
July 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630729/acetabular-rim-length-an-anatomical-study-to-determine-reasonable-graft-sizes-for-labral-reconstruction
#20
Michael R Karns, Sunny H Patel, Jensen Kolaczko, Raymond W Liu, Richard C Mather, Brian J White, Shane J Nho, Michael J Salata
The purpose of this article is to determine normative values for the length of the acetabular rim and detect differences between gender, age, ethnicity, height and leg length. Six measurements were taken on the acetabular rim of 143 cadaveric skeleton specimens (286 acetabula) using a coordinate-measuring device: circumferential (excluding acetabular notch), anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS)-anterior, AIIS-posterior, 12-3 o'clock, 12-9 o'clock and 11-5 o'clock. Museum specimen height data and leg length data from a previous study were recorded for 109 of 143 specimens...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
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