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Ankle osteoarthritis

Jasper Stevens, Kenneth Meijer, Wouter Bijnens, Mathijs C H W Fuchs, Lodewijk W van Rhijn, Joris P S Hermus, Sander van Hoeve, Martijn Poeze, Adhiambo M Witlox
BACKGROUND: Arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP1) joint is an intervention often used in patients with severe MTP1 joint osteoarthritis and relieves pain in approximately 80% of these patients. The kinematic effects and compensatory mechanism of the foot for restoring a more normal gait pattern after this intervention are unknown. The aim of this study was to clarify this compensatory mechanism, in which it was hypothesized that the hindfoot and forefoot would be responsible for compensation after an arthrodesis of the MTP1 joint...
October 21, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Michelle L Delco, John G Kennedy, Lawrence J Bonassar, Lisa A Fortier
The diagnosis of ankle osteoarthritis (OA) is increasing as a result of advancements in non-invasive imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging, improved arthroscopic surgical technology and heightened awareness among clinicians. Unlike OA of the knee, primary or age-related ankle OA is rare, with the majority of ankle OA classified as post-traumatic (PTOA). Ankle trauma, more specifically ankle sprain, is the single most common athletic injury, and no effective therapies are available to prevent or slow progression of PTOA...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Nathanael Heckmann, Alexander Bradley, Lakshmanan Sivasundaram, Ram Kiran Alluri, Eric W Tan
BACKGROUND: Several studies have examined the effect of insurance on the management of various orthopedic conditions. The purpose of our study was to assess the effect of insurance and other demographic factors on the operative management of tibiotalar osteoarthritis. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was used to identify patients who underwent a total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) or tibiotalar arthrodesis (TTA) for tibiotalar osteoarthritis. Insurance status was identified for each patient, and the proportions of each insurance type were computed for each operative modality...
October 18, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Yoshihiro Fukumoto, Hiroshige Tateuchi, Rui Tsukagoshi, Yusuke Okita, Haruhiko Akiyama, Kazutaka So, Yutaka Kuroda, Noriaki Ichihashi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of high-velocity (HV) and low-velocity (LV) resistance training on gait kinematics and kinetics in patients with hip osteoarthritis. DESIGN: This was a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Forty-six women with hip osteoarthritis were randomly allocated to the HV (n = 23) or LV (n = 23) training group. The participants underwent an 8-week home-based the HV or LV resistance-training program, involving the hip and knee muscles...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
A Prien, B Prinz, J Dvořák, A Junge
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of health problems and associated risk factors in former elite female football players. A cross-sectional research design was employed, using an online questionnaire on personal characteristics and health complaints during/after the career. One hundred fifty-two (response rate: 62.0%) former first German league players answered the survey. Around 70% described their current health as good or very good. Over half (57.9%) reported knee problems during the last 4 weeks while exercising and a third (33...
October 17, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
M Cody O'Dell, Diego Jaramillo, Laura Bancroft, Laura Varich, Gregory Logsdon, Sabah Servaes
With increasing participation and intensity of training in youth sports in the United States, the incidence of sports-related injuries is increasing, and the types of injuries are shifting. In this article, the authors review sports injuries of the lower extremity, including both acute and overuse injuries, that are common in or specific to the pediatric population. Common traumatic injuries that occur in individuals of all ages (eg, tears of the acetabular labrum and anterior cruciate ligament) are not addressed, although these occur routinely in pediatric sports...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Fabian Wong, Rebecca Mills, Nadeem Mushtaq, Roland Walker, Samrendu K Singh, Ali Abbasian
INTRODUCTION: Various methods using CT scan have been described to diagnose distal tibiofibular syndesmotic injuries. However, CT scan does not take into account the amount of cartilage within the distal tibiofibular joint and could therefore lead to false positive results. We present the first study correlating the findings of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis on CT and MRI scans. METHODS: CT and MRI scan of consecutive patients over a period of 18 months, and of a time lapsed less than 12 months between the two imaging modalities, were reviewed...
June 23, 2016: Foot
Evan P McConnell, Robin M Queen
BACKGROUND: Functional recovery following total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is assessed with patient-reported metrics, but physical performance tests may allow for a more accurate assessment of patient function. We quantified correlations between patient-reported measures and physical performance tests in patients after TAA to determine the usefulness of physical performance tests in post-TAA assessment. METHODS: In total, 140 patients with end-stage ankle osteoarthritis were assessed prior to TAA and again at 12 and 24 months postoperatively...
October 2, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
H B Waterson, N D Clement, K S Eyres, V I Mandalia, A D Toms
AIMS: Our aim was to compare kinematic with mechanical alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective blinded randomised controlled trial to compare the functional outcome of patients undergoing TKA in mechanical alignment (MA) with those in kinematic alignment (KA). A total of 71 patients undergoing TKA were randomised to either kinematic (n = 36) or mechanical alignment (n = 35). Pre- and post-operative hip-knee-ankle radiographs were analysed...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Mehmet E Tezcan, Berna Goker, Roy Lidtke, Joel A Block
BACKGROUND: Lateral wedge insoles have been used for the treatment of medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) and have been shown to reduce loading of the medial compartment of the knee. However, as the entire lower extremity acts as a single kinetic chain, altering the biomechanics of the knee may also have significant effects at the ankles or hips. We aimed to evaluate the effects of lateral wedge orthotics on ankle and hip joints, compared to neutral orthotics, by assessing the changes in joint space width (JSW) during 36 months of continuous use...
September 21, 2016: Gait & Posture
Ewout S Veltman, Ernst Ja Steller, Philippe Wittich, Jort Keizer
A case of complicated lateral subtalar dislocation is presented and the literature concerning this injury is reviewed. Subtalar joint dislocations are rare and often the result of a high-energy trauma. Complications include avascular necrosis of the talus, infection, posttraumatic osteoarthritis requiring arthrodesis and chronic subtalar instability. Negative prognostic factors include lateral and complicated dislocations, total talar extrusions, and associated fractures. A literature search was performed to identify studies describing outcome after lateral subtalar joint dislocation...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Ki-Mo Jang, Jong-Hee Lee, Il Youp Cho, Bong-Kyung Park, Seung-Beom Han
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of pre-, intra operative, and postoperative limb alignment measurements and investigate the correlation between the measurements in biplanar medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy. METHODS: This study enrolled 59 knees undergoing biplanar opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy for primary medial osteoarthritis with varus deformity. Preoperative and postoperative standing lower leg radiographs and intraoperative fluoroscopic images were taken...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Andrew J Goldberg, Razi Zaidi, Claire Thomson, Caroline J Doré, Simon S Skene, Suzie Cro, Jeff Round, Andrew Molloy, Mark Davies, Michael Karski, Louise Kim, Paul Cooke
INTRODUCTION: Total ankle replacement (TAR) or ankle arthrodesis (fusion) is the main surgical treatments for end-stage ankle osteoarthritis (OA). The popularity of ankle replacement is increasing while ankle fusion rates remain static. Both treatments have efficacy but to date all studies comparing the 2 have been observational without randomisation, and there are no published guidelines as to the most appropriate management. The TAR versus arthrodesis (TARVA) trial aims to compare the clinical and cost-effectiveness of TAR against ankle arthrodesis in the treatment of end-stage ankle OA in patients aged 50-85 years...
September 6, 2016: BMJ Open
B D Ashman, C Kong, K J Wing, M J Penner, K E Bugler, T O White, A S E Younger
AIMS: Patients with diabetes are at increased risk of wound complications after open reduction and internal fixation of unstable ankle fractures. A fibular nail avoids large surgical incisions and allows anatomical reduction of the mortise. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the results of fluoroscopy-guided reduction and percutaneous fibular nail fixation for unstable Weber type B or C fractures in 24 adult patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Sang-Kyoon Park, Dylan Kobsar, Reed Ferber
BACKGROUND: The relationship between muscle strength, gait biomechanics, and self-reported physical function and pain for patients with knee osteoarthritis is not well known. The objective of this study was to investigate these relationships in this population. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with knee osteoarthritis and 24 healthy controls were recruited. Self-reported pain and function, lower-limb maximum isometric force, and frontal plane gait kinematics during treadmill walking were collected on all patients...
October 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Marwin Gutierrez, Cristina Hernandez-Diaz, Lucio Ventura-Rios, Lina María Saldarriaga-Rivera, Santiago Ruta, Magaly Alva, Claudia Mora -Trujillo, Wilkerson Pérez, Henry Terrazas, Rodolfo Del Carmen Arape Toyo, Maritza Quintero, Carla Solano, Oscar Sedano Santiago, Janet Grisel Huamán Sotomayor, Cesar Cefferino, Guillermo E Py, Marcelo J Audisio, Walter Javier Spindler, Horacio Berman, Carla Airoldi, Rómulo Wong, Ana Laura Álvarez Del Castillo Araujo, Mario E Díaz, Carmen Cerón Villaquiran, Rubén Darío Mantilla, José Alexandre Mendonça, Inês Guimarães da Silveira, Aline Defaveri do Prado, Melissa Cláudia Bisi, Violeta Rosario, Jeannette Medrano-Sánchez, Roberto Muñoz-Louis, Ana Cecilia Lozada-Navarro, Araceli Bernal, Maribel Lozano, Carlos Pineda
This study aimed to perform an overview of how ultrasound (US) is being used, implemented, and applied in rheumatologic centers in Latin America (LA). A retrospective, multicenter 1-year experience study was undertaken. Eighteen centers from eight countries were involved. The following information were collected: demographic data, indication to perform an US examination, physician that required the examination, and the anatomical region required for the examination. A total of 7167 patients underwent an US examination...
August 30, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Anthony Dugarte, Sahil Bharwani, HoJun Yoo, Alexander Vondra Boiwka, Charles C Yu, Navkirat S Bajwa, Jason O Toy, Jonathan E Tang, Uri Ahn, Nicholas Ahn
Surgical models have best shown the relationship between ankle and mid-foot osteoarthritis, although findings regarding the calcaneocuboid joint have varied. To the authors' knowledge, no studies have evaluated the relationship between degenerative changes across the tibiotalar and calcaneocuboid joints. The goal of this study was to determine whether such a relationship exists and which joint degenerates first. A single examiner evaluated 694 tibiotalar and calcaneocuboid joints to determine the presence of osteoarthritis...
August 30, 2016: Orthopedics
Yoann Dessery, Étienne Belzile, Sylvie Turmel, Philippe Corbeil
BACKGROUND: There is contradictory evidence regarding whether the addition of medial arch supports to laterally wedged insoles reduces knee adduction moment, improves comfort, and reduces knee pain during the late stance phase of gait. OBJECTIVES: To verify if such effects occur in participants with medial knee osteoarthritis. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized single-blinded study. METHODS: Gait analysis was performed on 18 patients affected by medial knee osteoarthritis...
August 23, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Richard J VanTienderen, John C Dunn, Nicholas Kusnezov, Justin D Orr
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to present a systematic review of the literature regarding the use of fresh bulk osteochondral allograft transfer for treatment of large osteochondral lesions of the talus (OCLT) in an effort to characterize the functional outcomes, complications, and reoperation rates. METHODS: A search of the PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and Cochrane Databases was performed between January 1, 1990, and March 1, 2016, and included all articles related to outcomes after fresh talar allograft transplantation for OCLT...
August 18, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Ji-Cheng Gong, Bing-Hua Zhou, Xu Tao, Cheng-Song Yuan, Kang-Lai Tang
BACKGROUND: Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with headless compression screws has not been previously reported. We hypothesized that these screws could be suitable for tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis because of their special design. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with headless compression screws for the treatment of severe arthropathy of the ankle and subtalar joint. METHODS: From 2010 to 2015, 23 patients with severe ankle and subtalar arthropathy underwent tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis...
2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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