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Shoulder osteoarthritis

Stefanos Farfaras, Ninni Sernert, Lars Rostgard Christensen, Erling K Hallström, Jüri-Toomas Kartus
BACKGROUND: The long-term outcome after the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS) with either nonsurgical or surgical methods has not been thoroughly investigated. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcome and the presence of rotator cuff injuries and osteoarthritis (OA) after the surgical and nonsurgical treatment of SAIS. The hypothesis was that, at a minimum 10 years after the initial treatment, patients who had undergone acromioplasty would have a better clinical outcome and run a lower risk of developing rotator cuff ruptures and OA as compared with those treated with physical therapy...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Marc Randall Kristensen, Jeppe Vejlgaard Rasmussen, Brian Elmengaard, Steen Lund Jensen, Bo Sanderhoff Olsen, Stig Brorson
Background and purpose - It is unclear whether previous osteosynthesis is a risk factor for inferior outcome following shoulder arthroplasty for a proximal humeral fracture. We used data from the Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry (DSR) to examine this question. Patients and methods - All 285 patients treated with a shoulder arthroplasty after failed osteosynthesis of a proximal humeral fracture reported to DSR from 2006 to 2013 were included. Each case was matched with 2 controls (570) treated with a primary shoulder arthroplasty for an acute proximal humeral fracture...
March 14, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
Niels Gunnar Juel, Jens I Brox, Johan C Hellund, Else Merckoll, Kristine B Holte, Tore J Berg
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we evaluate the intra- and interrater agreement of radiological glenohumeral OA using three different classification systems and estimate the prevalence of radiological and clinical glenohumeral OA in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1), for over 45 years and controls (The Dialong study). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 102 patients with DM1 (49% women, mean age, 61.9 years) and 73 controls (57% women, mean age, 62...
March 8, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Boris Sowa, Martin Bochenek, Steffen Braun, Felix Zeifang, Jan Philippe Kretzer, Thomas Bruckner, Gilles Walch, Patric Raiss
BACKGROUND: Glenoid replacement in cases of severe glenoid retroversion (RV) or eccentric wear is challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate different treatment methods under standardized conditions to assist surgeons in the decision-making process. METHODS: Three treatment options for severe glenoid RV (15°) were compared: (1) no RV correction; (2) complete RV correction; (3) no RV correction and implantation of a posterior augmented glenoid (PAG). A highly standardized implantation protocol using artificial glenoid bones (five per group) was chosen, and a physiologic shoulder movement was applied in a biomechanical setting...
March 7, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
T Patzer
BACKGROUND: In a progredient rotator cuff tear with tendon retraction, fatty infiltration and atrophy of rotator cuff muscles the humerus cannot be centered and stabilized sufficiently in the glenohumeral joint. This leads to rotator cuff defect arthropathy as an eccentric osteoarthritis with acetabularization and wear of the acromion, as well as of the glenoid. INDICATION: A painful pseudoparalysis of the shoulder indicates the implantation of a reversed total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) to reduce pain and restore active motion...
March 7, 2018: Der Orthopäde
O Lorbach
IMPLANT DESIGNS: Within the last 50 years, implants for shoulder replacement have developed rapidly. Monobloc-stems in few sizes were changed to modular implant systems that allow for an individual adaption of the stem, as well as adaption of the humeral head component according to the specific anatomic situation of the patient. Moreover, stemless und short stem implants are available, which may highly simplify primary implantation, especially in posttraumatic cases as well as in revision cases with a need for removal or change of the implants...
March 6, 2018: Der Orthopäde
Kenneth W Donohue, Eric T Ricchetti, Jason C Ho, Joseph P Iannotti
BACKGROUND: Glenoid morphology and rotator cuff muscle quality are important anatomic factors that can impact longevity of the glenoid component following total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). We hypothesized that rotator cuff muscle fatty infiltration is associated with increased pathologic glenoid bone loss in glenohumeral osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 190 preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans of 175 patients (mean age, 66 years; range, 44 to 90 years) who underwent TSA for the treatment of primary glenohumeral OA...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Adnan Hussain, Muhammad Muzzammil, Faisal Butt, Epaminondas Markos Valsamis, Amitabh J Dwyer
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated radiographic findings of sclerosis and cortical irregularity at the greater tuberosity can suggest a rotator cuff tear. Plain radiographs are the most easily attainable first-line investigations in evaluating shoulder injuries. This study determines the effectiveness in predicting degenerate rotator cuff tears by detecting radiographic changes on shoulder x-rays. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study with a consecutive series of patients conducted in Hinchingbrooke Hospital, Huntingdon, United Kingdom from January 2015 to June 2017...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Egbert J D Veen, Cornelia M Donders, Robin E Westerbeek, Rosalie P H Derks, Ellie B M Landman, Cornelis T Koorevaar
BACKGROUND: A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the shoulder can have added value in diagnosing symptomatic osteoarthritis of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint. Specific MRI signs have been recognized but not analyzed extensively before. This study aims to identify predictive MRI signs in patients with symptomatic AC osteoarthritis. METHODS: The MRI scans of 70 patients with symptomatic AC osteoarthritis were compared with those of 70 patients with subacromial pain syndrome and no clinical signs of symptomatic AC osteoarthritis...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Gregory T Mahony, Brian C Werner, Brenda Chang, Brian M Grawe, Samuel A Taylor, Edward V Craig, Russell F Warren, David M Dines, Lawrence V Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Although anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) successfully improves pain and function, not all patients improve clinically. This study was conducted to determine patient-related factors for failure to achieve improvement after primary TSA for osteoarthritis at 2 years postoperatively. METHODS: This prospective study reviewed an institutional shoulder registry for consecutive patients who underwent primary TSA for osteoarthritis from 2007 to 2013 with baseline and 2-year postoperative American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form scores...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
J V Rasmussen, R Hole, T Metlie, S Brorson, V Äärimaa, Y Demir, B Salomonsson, S L Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To report the10-year survival rates of different shoulder arthroplasty types used for glenohumeral osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Data from 2004 to 2013 was prospectively collected by the national shoulder arthroplasty registers in Denmark, Norway and Sweden and merged into a harmonized dataset under the umbrella of the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association. The common dataset included data that all three registers could deliver and where consensus regarding definitions could be made...
February 21, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
J Mehl, A B Imhoff, K Beitzel
PATHOGENESIS: Osteoarthritis of the shoulder is characterized by a progressive degenerative process, which is based on chronic inflammation with intra-articular release of different cytokines and proteolytic enzymes. The main predisposing factors are a history of trauma or surgery, as well as chronic overuse or instability of the glenohumeral joint. Affected patients especially suffer from impaired joint function and pain, which are often associated with cognitive and psychosocial restrictions...
February 20, 2018: Der Orthopäde
Jonathan Lans, Alejandro Lasa, Neal C Chen, Jesse B Jupiter
Background: The Scapholunate Interosseous Ligament (SLIL) is the first intrinsic carpal ligament to be injured in wrist trauma, present in up to 64% of the distal radius fractures. However, it remains unclear what patients develop symptoms, making primary treatment of these injuries accompanying distal radius fractures remains questionable. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcomes of patients with scapholunate diastasis associated with distal radius fractures...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Suzanne C Wilkens, Claudia A Bargon, Amin Mohamadi, Neal C Chen, J Henk Coert
Arthroscopic management of thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthrosis (OA) is an approach that has unclear results. We performed a systematic review encompassing three electronic databases up to May 2016 for studies describing arthroscopic-assisted techniques for thumb CMC OA. Meta-analyses of visual analogue scores (VAS) for pain, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores, grip strength and pinch strength before and after arthroscopy were performed for ten included non-randomized cohort studies comprising 294 patients...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Arkan S Sayed-Noor, Raymond Pollock, Bassem T Elhassan, Bakir Kadum
BACKGROUND: The influence of preoperative rotator cuff fatty infiltration (FI) and muscle atrophy (MA) on the postoperative outcome of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) has only rarely been investigated and reported in the literature. We hypothesized that more FI and MA would be associated with a worse postoperative functional outcome. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 63 patients (31 female and 32 male patients; mean age, 71 years [range, 53-89 years; standard deviation, 7 years]) with primary osteoarthritis of the shoulder operated on with anatomic stemless TSA...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
S López-Alameda, T Fernández-Santás, A García-Villanueva, D Varillas-Delgado, F Garcia de Lucas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiological results of the surgical treatment of type III acromioclavicular dislocations using the Weaver-Dunn technique in the delayed phase. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A non-randomised controlled retrospective observational study of 38 patients operated between January 2006 and December 2014. We excluded 10 patients due to death or non-localisation. We collected demographic data, time to intervention, complications, analysing the Visual Analog Scale, DASH and Oxford Shoulder Score and the updated radiological result...
February 7, 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Theodore L Schoenfeldt, Scott Trenhaile, Richard Olson
Patients with shoulder pain are commonly seen in adult primary care, and are typically referred to musculoskeletal specialists when their symptoms are persistent. Rotator cuff disorders (RCD) most commonly underlie non-traumatic shoulder pain in adults, and glenohumeral osteoarthritis (GHOA) has been considered to be relatively uncommon (Nakagawa et al., J Shoulder Elb Surg 8:580-584, 1999). Our impression has been that GHOA affects significant numbers of patients, is less well studied, and may be under recognized...
February 8, 2018: Rheumatology International
Charles Agout, Julien Berhouet, Yves Bouju, Arnaud Godenèche, Philippe Collin, Jean-François Kempf, Luc Favard
PURPOSE: Although good short-term and mid-term outcomes are reported for rotator cuff repair, few studies have investigated long-term outcome with clinical and MRI evaluation. The hypothesis was that 10 years following repair of rotator cuff tear, the clinical and anatomic results depend on the extension of the tear. METHODS: The records of all 965 patients who underwent repair of rotator cuff tears in 2003 were retrieved. The patients were reviewed in 2014 for evaluation at a minimum follow-up of 10 years...
February 6, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Nicolas de l'Escalopier, Olivier Barbier, Thomas Demoures, Didier Ollat, Gilbert Versier
Introduction: Stabilizing surgery of the shoulder with a coracoid graft according to Latarjet is a recognized surgical treatment for anterior instability of the shoulder. This pathology frequently affects soldiers. Postoperatively, the potential risk of recurrence or of secondary shoulder arthritis can limit the practitioner in their ability assessment. The aim of this study is to analyze the long-term outcomes of this surgery in a military population, in order to assess the possible implications for French soldiers' medical ability...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Zaamin B Hussain, Jonathan A Godin, George Sanchez, Nicholas I Kennedy, Mark E Cinque, Márcio B Ferrari, Matthew T Provencher
Advanced glenohumeral osteoarthritis can transform glenoid morphology and, in some cases, is found in association with severe glenoid retroversion. The associated glenoid retroversion leads to difficulty in fixation of the glenoid component in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. In the context of extreme glenoid wear, structural grafts can be used to restore glenoid volume and version in order for the glenoid component of the reverse total shoulder arthroplasty to be more easily implanted. Nevertheless, literature regarding structural grafts remains limited, with optimal graft choice and technique still controversial at best...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
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