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thrombocytopenia hiv

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765285/anemia-and-thrombocytopenia-in-the-cohort-of-hiv-infected-adults-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Tekalign Deressa, Debasu Damtie, Meseret Workineh, Meaza Genetu, Mulugeta Melku
Background: Anemia and thrombocytopenia are frequent hematological abnormalities in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and have been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, there is a paucity of data on the prevalence and correlates of these hematological abnormalities among HIV infected adults in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of anemia and thrombocytopenia in a cohort of HIV-1 infected adults in northwest Ethiopia...
April 2018: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760930/prevalence-of-thrombocytopenia-before-and-after-initiation-of-haart-among-hiv-infected-patients-at-black-lion-specialized-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Gashaw Garedew Woldeamanuel, Diresibachew Haile Wondimu
Background: Hematological abnormalities are common in HIV positive patients. Of these, thrombocytopenia is a known complication which has been associated with a variety of bleeding disorders. However, its magnitude and related factors have not been well-characterized in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of thrombocytopenia before and after initiation of HAART among HIV positive patients attending Black Lion Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2018: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747664/adverse-effects-in-children-exposed-to-maternal-hiv-and-antiretroviral-therapy-during-pregnancy-in-brazil-a-cohort-study
#3
Adriane M Delicio, Giuliane J Lajos, Eliana Amaral, Fernanda Cavichiolli, Marina Polydoro, Helaine Milanez
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) in pregnancy was associated with a drastic reduction in HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), although it was associated with neonatal adverse effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neonatal effects to maternal ART. METHODS: This study was a cohort of newborns from HIV pregnant women followed at the CAISM/UNICAMP Obstetric Clinic from 2000 to 2015. The following adverse effects were evaluated: anemia, thrombocytopenia, liver function tests abnormalities, preterm birth, low birth weight and congenital malformation...
May 10, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744018/eptifibatide-induced-profound-thrombocytopenia-after-percutaneous-intervention-for-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-challenging-clinical-scenario
#4
Nirmanmoh Bhatia, Robert D Sawyer, Sohail Ikram
Eptifibatide is a glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor used mostly in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The GP IIb/IIIa antagonists occupy the fibrinogen binding site at the GP IIb/IIIa and block thrombocyte aggregation independent of the initial activation pathway. Severe thrombocytopenia has been reported with eptifibatide use. Thrombocytopenia after ACS can have multiple etiologies. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has also been implicated in immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. In this manuscript, we report a case of acute severe thrombocytopenia secondary to eptifibatide use in a patient with a history of HIV infection who presented with an ST elevation myocardial infarction...
October 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564278/thrombocytopenia-in-hiv-patients-coinfected-with-tuberculosis
#5
A S Sandhya, Brijesh Prajapat
Thrombocytopenia is one of the most common hematological manifestations seen in HIV patients with approximately 40% of the patients developing thrombocytopenia during their course of illness. Opportunistic infection like tuberculosis is a rare but curative cause of thrombocytopenia in these patients. Clinically, it is a challenge to determine the exact cause and decide the treatment of thrombocytopenia in these patients as both infections can lead to significant thrombocytopenia by varied mechanisms. The treatment options are limited by drug antitubercular treatment highly active antiretroviral therapy (ATT and HAART)-induced thrombocytopenia...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535881/reversible-thrombocytopenia-after-gabapentin-in-an-hiv-positive-patient
#6
Mohammed Basith, Andrew Francis, Alfredo Bellon
Gabapentin has become increasingly used in psychiatric practice specifically for anxiety disorders. Even though gabapentin is not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat anxiety, physicians sometimes use it as an alternative to benzodiazepines in patients with a history of substance abuse. Gabapentin is also prescribed when individuals are at risk of thrombocytopenia which is not considered a side effect. Among patients at risk of thrombocytopenia are those positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520672/features-associated-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-chinese-hospitalized-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#7
Shu-Zhen Xu, Yan Liang, Xiang-Pei Li, Xiao-Mei Li, Zong-Wen Shuai, Rui-Xue Leng, Hai-Feng Pan, Dong-Qing Ye
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an increasingly recognized complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aims to estimate the point prevalence of PAH and identify risk factors for PAH in a large cohort of hospitalized SLE patients. We have collected the medical records of patients hospitalized with SLE at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University and Anhui Provincial Hospital. Resting transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was used to estimate pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and PAH was defined as systolic PAP (PASP) > 30 mmHg...
June 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514339/false-positive-monospot-in-a-returning-traveler-with-dengue-fever
#8
Kimberly Boyd, Joshua M Harrison, Michael J Kavanaugh
The heterophile antibody (Monospot), initial test of choice for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated infectious mononucleosis, is both sensitive (70-92%) and specific (96-100%). False positives have been demonstrated in cases of viral hepatitis, human immunodeficiency virus, leukemia, lymphoma, pancreatic cancer, systemic lupus erythematosus, and rubella. We present a case of a 46-yr-old male who developed fever, chills, headaches, myalgia, fatigue, and photophobia 1 d after returning from the Philippines. He demonstrated a mild transaminitis and significant thrombocytopenia (12,000 cells/μL)...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484012/disseminated-porokeratosis-with-idiopathic-thrombocytopenia-case-report-and-literature-review-of-porokeratosis-and-related-disorders
#9
Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Tchernev
BACKGROUND: Porokeratosis is characterised by one or more atrophic patches surrounded by a distinctive peripheral keratotic ridge, typically found on sun-exposed areas, with several clinical variants and typical histological findings. Despite ultraviolet radiation, varies antibody - related autoimmune disease treated with systemic steroids and other immunosuppressive conditions such as chronic liver disease, HIV and organ transplantations have been implicated in its etiopathology. CASE REPORT: We present a case of porokeratosis, associated with idiopathic thrombocytopenia in 74 - year old, otherwise healthy male patient, as we discuss the previously reported associated disorders...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426719/safety-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-vorinostat-with-r-epoch-in-high-risk-hiv-associated-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-amc-075
#10
Juan C Ramos, Joseph A Sparano, Michelle A Rudek, Page C Moore, Ethel Cesarman, Erin G Reid, David Henry, Lee Ratner, David Aboulafia, Jeanette Y Lee, Richard F Ambinder, Ronald Mitsuyasu, Ariela Noy
INTRODUCTION: Vorinostat (VOR), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, enhances the anti-tumor effects of rituximab (R) and cytotoxic chemotherapy, induces viral lytic expression and cell killing in Epstein-Barr virus-positive (EBV+ ) or human herpesvirus-8-positive (HHV-8+ ) tumors, and reactivates latent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) for possible eradication by combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a phase I trial of VOR given with R-based infusional EPOCH (etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and doxorubicin hydrochloride) (n = 12) and cART in aggressive HIV-associated B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in order to identify safe dosing and schedule...
March 2018: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424337/successful-use-of-rituximab-in-glomerular-basement-membrane-nephritis-associated-with-hiv-interstitial-nephritis-secondary-to-castleman-disease
#11
Nathan Calabro, Kammi Henriksen, Seah H Lim, Eric Kerns
We report a case of glomerular basement membrane crescentic glomerulonephritis and multicentric Castleman disease-associated interstitial nephritis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The patient received corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide, and plasmapheresis, and within 3 weeks, there was worsening thrombocytopenia, anemia, and renal function requiring initiation of hemodialysis. He then received 8 weekly doses of rituximab, and there was steady improvement in renal function, such that he stopped dialysis within 6 weeks and has remained in disease remission at 1-year follow-up...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403325/tafro-syndrome-current-perspectives
#12
REVIEW
Kentaro Sakashita, Kengo Murata, Mikio Takamori
Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD), a distinct subtype of Castleman's disease, is a rare, nonneoplastic, lymphoproliferative disorder. Patients with MCD present with systemic symptoms and multiple lymphadenopathy. Lymph node biopsy is necessary for the diagnosis of various histological MCD patterns including hyaline vascular, plasma cell, and mixed types. Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) infection was identified as an important etiology of MCD among immunocompromised patients such as those positive for human immunodeficiency virus...
2018: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390523/efficacy-of-eculizumab-in-an-adult-patient-with-hiv-associated-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-a-case-report
#13
Marine Freist, Cyril Garrouste, Nora Szlavik, Paul Coppo, Alexandre Lautrette, Anne Elisabeth Heng
INTRODUCTION: Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive patients has become a rare cause of kidney injury since the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Plasma exchange and antiretroviral therapy were previously recommended but often failed to achieve remission. We report a case of HUS in a HIV-positive patient treated successfully with eculizumab. CASE SUMMARY: A 52-year-old woman presented to hospital with acute renal failure, thrombocytopenia, anemia, and hypoxemia...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377224/thrombotic-microangiopathy-in-the-setting-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-high-incidence-of-severe-thrombocytopenia
#14
Najeebah A Bade, Victoria S Giffi, Maria R Baer, Ann B Zimrin, Jennie Y Law
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection increases the risk of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), but TMA in the setting of HIV infection is not well characterized. The experience with TMA in the setting of HIV infection at the University of Maryland Medical Center was reviewed. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients undergoing therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) for TMA from January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2012 were reviewed. Those with known HIV-positive and -negative status were compared...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057084/changes-in-the-haematological-parameters-of-hiv-1-infected-children-at-6-and-12-months-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-a-large-clinic-cohort-north-central-nigeria
#15
EDITORIAL
Augustine O Ebonyi, Stephen Oguche, Martha O Ochoga, Oche O Agbaji, Joseph A Anejo-Okopi, Isaac O Abah, Prosper I Okonkwo, John A Idoko
BACKGROUND: Prior to commencing antiretroviral therapy (ART), haematological abnormalities are a common occurrence in individuals diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In the course of receiving ART, these abnormalities usually improve. We determined the prevalence of haematological abnormalities in children diagnosed with HIV-1 and the changes in haematological parameters that occur after 6 and 12 months of being on ART. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of HIV-1 infected children aged 2 months to 15 years, between July 2005 and March 2013, at the paediatric HIV clinic of the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935394/case-report-an-hiv-patient-presenting-with-pancytopenia-hepatic-failure-and-coagulopathy-a-rare-small-cell-liver-carcinoma-with-diffuse-splenic-and-bone-marrow-metastasis-diagnosed-at-autopsy
#16
Joshua T Byers, Alejandro Mendoza, Daniel Wu, Jason S Kahlon, Xin Qing, Samuel W French
A 34-year old male with a giant condyloma acuminatum of the anus secondary to HIV infection presented to the emergency department with a persistent nose bleed lasting 2-3days, acute anemia, thrombocytopenia, and coagulopathy. The patient also had significant hepatosplenomegaly and elevated liver enzymes which were a new finding since the patient's last hospitalization 1-2month prior to the current admission. A bone marrow biopsy showed diffuse infiltration by carcinoma with neuroendocrine features. The patient quickly developed multi-organ injury, decompensated, and died...
October 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931369/acute-hiv-infection-presenting-as-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Farheen Manji, Evan Wilson, Etienne Mahe, John Gill, John Conly
BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an uncommon systemic inflammatory condition that can result from infections, autoimmune diseases and malignancies. It is a rarely reported life threatening complication of an acute HIV infection, with only ten documented case reports per our literature search. We present a case of HLH secondary to acute HIV infection with a negative HIV antibody-based assay and high plasma viral load. CASE PRESENTATION: A 45 year old male with a past medical history of well controlled hypertension presented with fever, dizziness and non-bloody diarrhea...
September 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854309/determining-the-incidence-of-pneumocystis-pneumonia-in-patients-with-autoimmune-blistering-diseases-not-receiving-routine-prophylaxis
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Kyle T Amber, Aniek Lamberts, Farzan Solimani, Arianna F Agnoletti, Dario Didona, Ilona Euverman, Emanuele Cozzani, Lee Haur Yueh, Giovanni Di Zenzo, Yael Anne Leshem, Daniel Mimouni, Michael Hertl, Barbara Horvath
Importance: Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a potentially lethal opportunistic infection that primary prophylaxis can help prevent. The risk of prophylactic therapy must be weighed against the incidence of PCP in the patient population. Prophylaxis most frequently involves trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, with second-line therapies, including atovaquone, dapsone, and pentamide. The indication for prophylaxis in immunocompromised patients without HIV is less well defined. Previously, an incidence of at least 3...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781310/severe-thrombocytopenia-during-dolutegravir-containing-antiretroviral-therapy
#19
Kazuhiko Nakaharai, Makiko Miyajima, Hiroaki Kobayashi, Akihiro Shimizu, Yumiko Hosaka, Tetsuya Horino, Seiji Hori
A 56-year-old Japanese man diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia and cytomegalovirus infection presented with thrombocytopenia after starting antiretroviral therapy, which included dolutegravir (DTG). Although good control of the human immunodeficiency virus and cytomegalovirus infections was achieved, the patient's thrombocytopenia persisted. The patient's platelet count decreased to ≤50,000/μL even after the cessation of valganciclovir, which can cause bone marrow suppression...
August 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770876/assessment-of-the-underlying-causes-of-the-immune-thrombocytopenia-ten-years-experience
#20
Mehmet Sinan Dal, Abdullah Karakus, Tuba Dal, Berrin Balik Aydin, Elif Hattapoglu, Mehmet Onder Ekmen, Turgay Ulas, Orhan Ayyildiz
OBJECTIVE: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an immune haematologic disorder causing platelet destruction mediated by anti-platelet antibodies. In this study we aimed to evaluate the clinical and laboratory variables of ITP patients in southeast of Turkey. METHODS: In this retrospective study 167 ITP patients between 2005 and 2015 were evaluated. All patients were screened for immunological parameters including ANA (antinuclear antibodies), anti dsDNA (anti-double-stranded-DNA), ACA(anti-cardiolipin) IgM and IgG, LA (lupus anticoagulants)...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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