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thrombocytopenia hiv

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217621/refractory-anemia-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-expect-the-unexpected
#1
Sumeet Prakash Mirgh, Vikas A Mishra, Virti D Shah, Jehangir Soli Sorabjee
Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is an uncommon hematological disorder affecting selectively the erythroid cell lines. PRCA is defined as anemia with normal leukocyte and platelet counts, a corrected reticulocyte count <1%, <5% erythroid precursors in the bone marrow and an absence of hemolysis. We describe a case of Zidovudine (AZT) induced PRCA causing severe anemia in a patient taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) after 4 months of starting therapy and in whom all other causes were excluded. The hematological abnormalities resolved after AZT was replaced with tenofovir and the patient remained transfusion independent thereafter...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184306/effect-of-malaria-infection-on-hematological-profiles-of-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-gambella-southwest-ethiopia
#2
Tsion Sahle, Tilahun Yemane, Lealem Gedefaw
BACKGROUND: Malaria and human immunodeficiency virus are the two most devastating global health problems causing more than two million deaths each year. Hematological abnormalities such as anemia, thrombocytopenia and leucopenia are the common complications in malaria and HIV co-infected individuals. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of malaria infection on hematological profiles of people living with HIV attending Gambella Hospital ART clinic, Southwestern Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of malaria infection on hematological profiles of people living with HIV attending Gambella Hospital ART clinic, Southwestern Ethiopia...
2017: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168070/chronic-subdural-hematoma-associated-with-thrombocytopenia-in-a-patient-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-cameroon
#3
Clovis Nkoke, Engelbert Bain Luchuo, Denis Teuwafeu, Ines Nepetsoun, Cyrille Nkouonlack
Hematological abnormalities including thrombocytopenia are common in patients living with HIV infection. Patients with HIV infection related thrombocytopenia present generally with only minor bleeding problems. But cases of subdural hematoma are very rare. A 61-year-old female with a history of HIV infection of 9 years' duration presented with a 3-month history of generalized headache associated with visual blurring and anterograde amnesia. There was no history of trauma or fever. She was treated empirically for cerebral toxoplasmosis for 6 weeks without any improvement of the symptoms...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064294/primary-versus-secondary-immune-thrombocytopenia-in-adults-a-comparative-analysis-of-clinical-and-laboratory-attributes-in-newly-diagnosed-patients-in-southern-pakistan
#4
S Sultan, S J Ahmed, S Murad, S M Irfan
BACKGROUND: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a hemorrhagic diathesis, characterized by platelets destruction alongside impaired production. Patients from Asian regions often exhibit distinctive characteristics in comparison to the western patients. We accomplished this study to evaluate the prevalence of primary versus secondary ITP along with the comparative analysis between them. The secondary objective was to determine the etiological spectrum of secondary ITP. METHODS: We illustrate the results of a large cohort of newly diagnosed adults ITP from southern Pakistan...
October 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043526/hiv-and-tuberculosis-trends-and-survival-of-coinfection-in-a-referral-center-in-tehran-a-12-year-study
#5
Parvaneh Baghaei, Payam Tabarsi, Syna Jabehdari, Majid Marjani, Afshin Moniri, Parissa Farnia, Ali Akbar Velayati
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The risk of mortality and morbidity among tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfected patients is significantly higher than that of patients infected with TB alone. The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival of TB-HIV patients in a TB-referral center during a 10-year follow-up. METHODS: All TB-HIV patients in our referral center were enrolled in the study from 2003 to 2014, and patients were divided into two groups: HIV-TB patients without a history of TB treatment (new cases of TB) and HIV-TB patients with a history of TB treatment...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043314/hepatitis-b-leading-to-megaloblastic-anemia-and-catastrophic-peripheral-thrombocytopenia
#6
Muhammad Hafeez, Tariq Sarfraz, Raja Ghayas Khan, Abdul Rafe, Ghulam Rasool, Kamran Nazir Ahmed
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) typically causes chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. It is associated with a variety of extrahepatic complications. We herein, present a rare extrahepatic complication of HBV infection. A 32-year man presented with melena, bleeding from gums and fever. Peripheral blood examination revealed anemia, macrocytosis and severe thrombocytopenia. His hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was positive but deoxyribonucleic acid (HBV DNA) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was negative...
December 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013100/the-impact-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-on-obstetric-conditions-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Hannah M Sebitloane, Dhayendre Moodley
HIV is the leading cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in resource constrained countries. Highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) initiated in pregnancy has now almost eliminated mother to child transmission of the virus, and is beginning to show the desired effect of reducing HIV related maternal mortality. By modulating host immunological responses HAART has the potential to alter infections during pregnancy, in addition to modifying clinical conditions such as preeclampsia. There is increasing evidence of the benefits of HAART given to pregnant women, however there is paucity of data that distinguishes HIV or HAART as the cause or exacerbation of pre-existing medical conditions or conditions specific to pregnancy...
December 9, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936979/thrombocytopenia-and-infections
#8
Massimo Franchini, Dino Veneri, Giuseppe Lippi
Acquired thrombocytopenia recognizes a myriad of causes. Among these, infectious diseases play a relevant role since a low platelet count is commonplace along with other abnormal laboratory data. Areas covered: This narrative review, after a brief presentation of the possible pathogenic mechanisms, is focused on the most prevalent infections associated with thrombocytopenia, namely those attributable to hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Helicobacter pylori. Expert commentary: An underlying HCV or HIV infection should always be suspected in patients at risk who present with isolated thrombocytopenia...
January 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909114/conservative-treatment-of-chronic-subdural-hematoma-in-hiv-associated-thrombocytopenia-with-tranexamic-acid
#9
Raja K Kutty, Anil Kumar Peethambaran, Sunilkumar, M Anilkumar
Chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs) and its management comprise a majority work in a neurosurgical specialty. The effectiveness of surgery is beyond doubt and sometimes even lifesaving in severe cases. However, the straightforward surgery is sometimes complicated by the associated comorbidities of the patient. Comorbidities in the form of coagulopathies secondary to chronic liver diseases, drugs (warfarin, ecosprin, clopidogrel), thrombocytopenia secondary to systemic illness are always a challenge to deal with in patients with CSDH...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807020/miliary-tuberculosis-in-an-immunocompetent-male-with-a-fatal-outcome
#10
Louise Dunphy, Elizabeth Keating, T Parke
A man aged 33 years, born in Nepal, but resident in the UK for 7 years presented to the emergency department with a 4-day history of general malaise, fever (temperature 38.6°C) and a non-productive cough. His medical history was unremarkable and no high-risk behaviour was identified. Clinical examination confirmed decreased air entry bilaterally with bibasal crackles. He was tachycardic, with a heart rate of 120 bpm. Further investigation with a 12-lead ECG confirmed supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) which was terminated with vagal manoeuvres...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777802/tafro-syndrome-associated-with-ebv-and-successful-triple-therapy-treatment-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Malorie Simons, Emmanuel Apor, James N Butera, Diana O Treaba
TAFRO syndrome is a rare constellation of symptoms: thrombocytopenia, anasarca, reticulin fibrosis of the bone marrow, renal dysfunction, and organomegaly. Its pathogenesis involves an excessive and inappropriate cytokine storm, most notably from IL-6, causing multiorgan failure; however, its etiology is undetermined. Starting in 2012, TAFRO syndrome was first identified in Japan as an atypical variant of Castleman's disease. Previous reports include various different treatment protocols with inconsistent survival outcomes...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582128/changing-epidemiology-a-new-focus-of-kala-azar-at-high-altitude-garhwal-region-of-north-india
#12
Nowneet Kumar Bhat, Vivek Ahuja, Minakshi Dhar, Sohaib Ahmad, Neerul Pandita, Vibha Gupta, Smita Chandra
Adult cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), predominantly males, have been reported in the past decade from natives of high altitude areas of North Indian state of Uttarakhand. We report 14 pediatric cases of VL, who were diagnosed and treated successfully over the past 7 years. All these children were born and brought up in this area and had never visited any of the endemic areas. High prevalence of pallor, splenohepatomegaly, thrombocytopenia and poor association with HIV are cardinal features of VL in this region...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516889/an-anterior-mediastinal-lesion-in-tafro-syndrome-showing-complete-remission-after-glucocorticoid-and-tocilizumab-therapy
#13
Kentaro Sakashita, Kengo Murata, Yuji Inagaki, Souichi Oota, Mikio Takamori
Thrombocytopenia (T), anasarca (A), myelofibrosis (F), renal dysfunction (R), and organomegaly (O) (TAFRO) syndrome is a variant of multicentric Castleman's disease. We describe here a 57-year-old man who presented with persistent fever, pleural effusion, and ascites. He was negative for human immunodeficiency virus and human herpes virus-8. A computed tomography scan showed an anterior mediastinal mass and small inguinal lymphadenopathy. Although a biopsy of the anterior mediastinum showed fatty tissue infiltrated with CD20 (+) and CD45RO (+) lymphocytes, a biopsy of the left inguinal lymph node revealed a hyaline vascular type of Castleman's disease...
September 2016: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478058/the-late-presenting-hiv-infected-patient-30-years-after-the-introduction-of-hiv-testing-spectrum-of-opportunistic-diseases-and-missed-opportunities-for-early-diagnosis
#14
D Tominski, J Katchanov, D Driesch, M B Daley, A Liedtke, A Schneider, H Slevogt, K Arastéh, H Stocker
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics of HIV-infected late presenters, opportunistic diseases at diagnosis and missed opportunities to diagnose HIV infection earlier. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we reviewed the medical records of all adults with newly diagnosed HIV infection admitted to the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Vivantes Auguste-Viktoria Hospital, Berlin, Germany. RESULTS: In the 5-year period from 2009 to 2013, 270 late presenters were identified...
February 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399076/mortality-following-snake-bite-envenomation-by-bitis-arietans-in-an-hiv-positive-child-a-case-report
#15
Gregory B Firth, Matthew Street, Yammesh Ramguthy, Linda Doedens
Snake bites occur commonly in the rural areas of South Africa. Hospitals where snake bites are uncommon should always have protocols on standby in the event of such cases presenting. This is the first reported case documenting the effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on snake bite in South African children.A case report and review of relevant information about the case was undertaken.We present a case of a 1-year-old child referred from a peripheral hospital following a snake bite to the left upper limb with a compartment syndrome and features of cytotoxic envenomation...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390466/thrombotic-microangiopathy-as-an-initial-manifestation-in-hiv-patients
#16
Thanigachalam Dineshkumar, Jeyachandran Dhanapriya, Palanivel Jaganathan, Ramanathan Sakthirajan, Natarajan Gopalakrishnan, T Balasubramaniyan
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, microvascular thrombosis, and various organ dysfunctions. TMA usually occurs in a more advanced stage of HIV disease. TMA as an initial presenting feature is rare. We here report a male patient who presented with oliguric renal failure. Investigations revealed anemia, thrombocytopenia, schistocytes in peripheral smear, and HIV-positive. Renal biopsy revealed TMA. He was treated with hemodialysis and started on highly active antiretroviral therapy...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27266265/thrombotic-microangiopathy-as-first-manifestation-of-acute-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
M Sarmiento, M E Balcells, P Ramirez
BACKGROUND: We present the case of a patient with acute human immunodeficiency virus infection and a thrombotic microangiopathy as the first clinical manifestation, a presentation that has not, to the best of our knowledge, been previously reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 35-year-old Bolivian man presented with epistaxis and thrombocytopenia. We found microangiopathic anemia, lymphopenia, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, progressive acute renal failure, negative direct antiglobulin test, and normal activity of ADAMTS13...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167358/which-is-safer-source-plasma-for-manufacturing-in-china-apheresis-plasma-or-recovered-plasma
#18
Yu Liu, Changqing Li, Ya Wang, Yan Zhang, Binting Wu, Ling Ke, Min Xu, Gui Liu, Zhong Liu
BACKGROUND: In most countries, the plasma for derivative production includes two types of plasma, apheresis plasma (AP) and recovered plasma (RP). However, the plasma recovered from whole blood is not permitted for manufacture in China. Because of the lack of source plasma and the surplus of RP, the Chinese government is considering allowing RP as an equivalent source for the production of plasma derivatives. It is known that human blood can be contaminated by various infectious agents...
May 2016: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152394/siltuximab-sylvant-castleman-s-disease-good-symptomatic-efficacy-in-some-patients
#19
(no author information available yet)
Multicentric Castleman's disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder characterised by disseminated lymphadenopathy. Symptoms and outcomes differ widely from one patient to another. The median survival time is about 2.5 years. There is no consensus on treatment. Siltuximab, a monoclonal antibody that antagonises interleukin-6, has been authorised in the European Union for patients with multicentric Castleman's disease who are not infected with HIV or HHV-8. In a randomised, double-blind trial in 79 patients, most of whom had mild or moderate symptoms, the estimated one-year survival rate was 100% in the siltuximab group versus 92% in the placebo group after a median follow-up of 60 weeks...
March 2016: Prescrire International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132696/chemoimmunotherapy-with-methotrexate-cytarabine-thiotepa-and-rituximab-matrix-regimen-in-patients-with-primary-cns-lymphoma-results-of-the-first-randomisation-of-the-international-extranodal-lymphoma-study-group-32-ielsg32-phase-2-trial
#20
Andrés J M Ferreri, Kate Cwynarski, Elisa Pulczynski, Maurilio Ponzoni, Martina Deckert, Letterio S Politi, Valter Torri, Christopher P Fox, Paul La Rosée, Elisabeth Schorb, Achille Ambrosetti, Alexander Roth, Claire Hemmaway, Angela Ferrari, Kim M Linton, Roberta Rudà, Mascha Binder, Tobias Pukrop, Monica Balzarotti, Alberto Fabbri, Peter Johnson, Jette Sønderskov Gørløv, Georg Hess, Jens Panse, Francesco Pisani, Alessandra Tucci, Stephan Stilgenbauer, Bernd Hertenstein, Ulrich Keller, Stefan W Krause, Alessandro Levis, Hans J Schmoll, Franco Cavalli, Jürgen Finke, Michele Reni, Emanuele Zucca, Gerald Illerhaus
BACKGROUND: Standard treatment for patients with primary CNS lymphoma remains to be defined. Active therapies are often associated with increased risk of haematological or neurological toxicity. In this trial, we addressed the tolerability and efficacy of adding rituximab with or without thiotepa to methotrexate-cytarabine combination therapy (the MATRix regimen), followed by a second randomisation comparing consolidation with whole-brain radiotherapy or autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with primary CNS lymphoma...
May 2016: Lancet Haematology
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