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Pain management palliative neuropathic

Joseph Arthur, Kimberson Tanco, Ali Haider, Courtney Maligi, Minjeong Park, Diane Liu, Eduardo Bruera
PURPOSE: The Edmonton Classification System for Cancer Pain (ECS-CP) has been shown to predict pain management complexity based on five features: pain mechanism, incident pain, psychological distress, addictive behavior, and cognitive function. The main objective of our study was to explore the association between ECS-CP features and pain treatment outcomes among outpatients managed by a palliative care specialist-led interdisciplinary team. METHODS: Initial and follow-up clinical information of 386 eligible supportive care outpatients were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed...
April 6, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Christina Liossi, Anna-Karenia Anderson, Richard F Howard
Priority setting for healthcare research is as important as conducting the research itself because rigorous and systematic processes of priority setting can make an important contribution to the quality of research. This project aimed to prioritise clinical therapeutic uncertainties in paediatric pain and palliative care in order to encourage and inform the future research agenda and raise the profile of paediatric pain and palliative care in the United Kingdom. Clinical therapeutic uncertainties were identified and transformed into patient, intervention, comparison and outcome (PICO) format and prioritised using a modified Nominal Group Technique...
February 2017: British Journal of Pain
Takayo Ota, Masaru Makihara, Hiroshi Tsukuda, Ryuji Kajikawa, Masayuki Inamori, Nozomi Miyatake, Noriko Tanaka, Masahiro Tokunaga, Yoshikazu Hasegawa, Takuhito Tada, Masahiro Fukuoka
Malignant psoas syndrome is a rare malignant condition presenting as lumbosacral plexopathy and painful fixed flexion of the hip. Metastasis to the psoas muscle is observed, which damages the nerve bundles in the lumbosacral plexuses. The syndrome presents as refractory lower back pain with several other neurological symptoms. The pain is difficult to control because it is a mixture of nociceptive and neuropathic pain, which indicates that treatment requires a versatile approach. The authors report a case of severe back pain caused by metastasis to the psoas muscle of advanced gastric cancer in a patient who underwent palliative radiotherapy under epidural analgesia...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
Randy L Wei, Lauren E Colbert, Joshua Jones, Margarita Racsa, Gabrielle Kane, Steve Lutz, Neha Vapiwala, Kavita V Dharmarajan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the state of palliative and supportive care (PSC) and palliative radiation therapy (RT) educational curricula in radiation oncology residency programs in the United States. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We surveyed 87 program directors of radiation oncology residency programs in the United States between September 2015 and November 2015. An electronic survey on PSC and palliative RT education during residency was sent to all program directors...
December 1, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
Lauren Colbert, Joshua Adam Jones, Gabrielle Kane, Margarita Racsa-Alamgir, Neha Vapiwala, Kavita Vyas Dharmarajan
178 Background: To assess the state of palliative care education curricula in radiation oncology residency programs in the United States. METHODS: We surveyed 90 program directors of radiation oncology residency programs in the United States from September 2015 to November 2015. An electronic survey on palliative care education during residency was sent to all program directors. The survey consisted of questions on perceived relevance of palliative care in radiation oncology residency, formal didactics on domains of palliative care, effective teaching formats for palliative care education, and perceived barriers for integrating palliative care into the residency curriculum...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Holly M Koncicki, Mark Unruh, Jane O Schell
Although pain is one of the most commonly experienced symptoms by patients with chronic kidney disease, it is under-recognized, the severity is underestimated, and the treatment is inadequate. Pain management is one of the general primary palliative care competencies for medical providers. This review provides nephrology providers with basic skills for pain management. These skills include recognition of types of pain (nociceptive and neuropathic) syndromes and appropriate history-taking skills. Through this history, providers can identify clinical circumstances in which specialist referral is beneficial, including those who are at high risk for addiction, at risk for adverse effects to medications, and those with complicated care needs such as patients with a limited prognosis...
March 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Tammy Vu Bach, Jonathan Pan, Anne Kirstein, Cindy Joanne Grief, Daphna Grossman
Palliative care clinicians are increasingly involved in the care of elderly patients suffering from chronic malignant and nonmalignant illnesses, of which neuropathic pain is a prevalent problem. As a person becomes more frail, pain medications such as opioid analgesics and adjuvant pain medications can result in unwanted effects such as sedation, confusion, and increased risk of falls. Treating pain in patients with advanced dementia or neurodegenerative diseases that can affect swallowing is particularly challenging because most adjuvant pain medications used to ameliorate neuropathic pain must be taken orally...
December 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Tanja Fusi-Schmidhauser, Donata Bardelli
The numb chin syndrome is a rare manifestation of intractable pain in the palliative care setting and represents a major therapeutic challenge. The reported etiologies of the numb chin syndrome include trauma, infections, immune-mediated systemic conditions, and malignancy, both through local infiltration or compression of the inferior alveolar nerve sheath. The authors present the case of a patient with long-standing multiple myeloma, suffering from numb chin syndrome caused by a spontaneous osteonecrosis of the jaw after bisphosphonate therapy...
September 2016: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
Lawrence R Solomon
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Treatment of neuropathic pain and chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) in patients with malignancy is often unsuccessful. Functional vitamin B12 deficiency, defined by elevated levels of the B12-dependent metabolites, methylmalonic acid (MMA), and/or homocysteine, despite normal B12 values, may cause neuropathy and is associated with disorders linked to increased oxidative stress. Since both cancer and neurotoxic antineoplastic agents increase oxidative stress, a role for functional B12 deficiency in CIPN was considered...
August 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Matthew T Mendlik, Tanya J Uritsky
Neuropathic pain is notoriously variable in its severity and impact on patients, as well as in its response to treatment. Certain therapies for neuropathic pain have better evidence for their use; however, it is apparent that although some therapies provide relief for only a minority of patients, the relief may be significant. Without a trial of therapy, there is no way to know if that relief is achievable. Our treatment experiences have shown that occasionally unexpected benefit is obtained through a thorough investigation of all options, even in the setting of failure of those with the most compelling evidence or indication...
December 2015: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
Shrenik Ostwal, Naveen Salins, Jayita Deodhar, Mary Ann Muckaden
INTRODUCTION: The Ramsay Hunt syndrome is characterized by combination of herpes infection and lower motor neuron type of facial nerve palsy. The disease is caused by a reactivation of Varicella Zoster virus and can be unrepresentative since the herpetic lesions may not be always be present (zoster sine herpete) and might mimic other severe neurological illnesses. CASE REPORT: A 63-year-old man known case of carcinoma of gall bladder with liver metastases, post surgery and chemotherapy with no scope for further disease modifying treatment, was referred to palliative care unit for best supportive care...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Shinya Hayashi, Hidekazu Tanaka, Hiroaki Hoshi
The incidence of bone metastases (BMs) from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is relatively low compared to those of other cancers, but it has increased recently, especially in Asian countries. Typically, BMs from HCC appear radiologically as osteolytic, destructive, and expansive components with large, bulky soft-tissue masses. These soft-tissue masses are unique to bone metastases from HCC and often replace the normal bone matrix and exhibit expansive growth. They often compress the peripheral nerves, spinal cord, or cranial nerves, causing not only bone pain but also neuropathic pain and neurological symptoms...
December 27, 2014: World Journal of Hepatology
Alysa Fairchild
To review current recommendations for palliative radiotherapy for bone metastases secondary to lung cancer, and to analyze surveys to examine whether global practice is evidence-based, English language publications related to best practice palliative external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for bone metastases (BM) from lung cancer were sought via literature search (2003-2013). Additional clinical practice guidelines and consensus documents were obtained from the online Standards and Guidelines Evidence Directory...
December 10, 2014: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
Neil Hilliard, Stuart Brown, Steve Mitchinson
BACKGROUND: This case report describes an end-stage cancer patient with intractable neuropathic pain and delirium who was successfully managed during the last 3 weeks of her life with a continuous subcutaneous infusion of dexmedetomidine. CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old woman with locally advanced cervical cancer and uncontrolled pelvic pain was admitted to a tertiary palliative care unit for pain management. As her disease progressed, the patient's pelvic pain intensified despite treatment with methadone, gabapentin, ketamine, and hydromorphone administered by continuous subcutaneous infusion plus frequent breakthrough doses of hydromorphone and sufentanil...
March 2015: Palliative Medicine
Seema M Thekdi, Antolin Trinidad, Andrew Roth
Depression, anxiety, delirium, and other psychiatric symptoms are highly prevalent in the cancer setting, and pharmacological intervention is an important component in the overall psychosocial care of the patient. Psychopharmacology is also used as a primary or adjuvant treatment for the management of cancer-related symptoms stemming from the disease itself and/or its treatment, including sleep disturbance, loss of appetite, neuropathic pain, nausea, fatigue, and hot flashes. Psychiatrists, oncologists, and palliative care physicians working as members of a multidisciplinary team have the opportunity to target multiple symptoms that negatively affect a patient's quality of life with the strategic use of psychotropic medications when deemed appropriate...
January 2015: Current Psychiatry Reports
Sebastiano Mercadante, Giampiero Porzio, Claudio Adile, Federica Aielli, Andrea Cortegiani, Amanda Caruselli, Alessandra Casuccio
AIM: The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the prognostic value of initial pain intensity and its duration in advanced cancer patients. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a sample of patients with cancer requiring pain control. Patients underwent standard analgesic strategies used in our palliative care units. Pain intensity was measured at admission (T0) and after successful dose titration or opioid/route switching within a week (Ts). Patients were also asked about their pain intensity reported 15 days before admission (T-15)...
January 2015: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Sébastien Salas, Pascal Auquier, Florence Duffaud, Stéphanie Ranque Garnier, Mélanie Deschamps, Stéphane Honoré, Patrick Sudour, Karine Baumstarck
BACKGROUND: The management of patients suffering from opioid-refractory cancer pain with a neuropathic component remains an important challenge for healthcare workers. Only one retrospective study specifically reported the use of intravenous (IV) lidocaine amongst the palliative care unit population, the study found that there was a positive response to this therapy. These preliminary uncontrolled results need to be confirmed by randomized controlled trials. The primary objective of this study is to assess the analgesic efficacy of IV lidocaine in patients in palliative care suffering from opioid-refractory cancer pain with a neuropathic component...
August 12, 2014: Trials
Thomas O'Neil, Phillip E Rodgers, Cameron Shultz
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine is a potent α2-adrenergic agonist U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for sedation. While its use as an analgesic has been described in the palliative medicine literature, its use for managing an acute neuropathic pain episode is less well known. METHODS: Here we describe the use of adjuvant dexmedetomidine in a patient with metastatic sarcoma suffering from an acute postoperative neuropathic pain crisis. CONCLUSION: Among patients with acute neuropathic pain for whom additional opioids raises respiratory-related concerns, the use of dexmedetomidine should be considered as a viable treatment alternative...
October 2014: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Gerhard Müller-Schwefe, Karsten Ahlbeck, Dominic Aldington, Eli Alon, Stefano Coaccioli, Flaminia Coluzzi, Frank Huygen, Wolfgang Jaksch, Eija Kalso, Magdalena Kocot-Kępska, Hans-Georg Kress, Ana Cristina Mangas, Cesar Margarit Ferri, Bart Morlion, Andrew Nicolaou, Concepción Pérez Hernández, Joseph Pergolizzi, Michael Schäfer, Patrick Sichère
Twenty years ago, the main barriers to successful cancer pain management were poor assessment by physicians, and patients' reluctance to report pain and take opioids. Those barriers are almost exactly the same today. Cancer pain remains under-treated; in Europe, almost three-quarters of cancer patients experience pain, and almost a quarter of those with moderate to severe pain do not receive any analgesic medication. Yet it has been suggested that pain management could be improved simply by ensuring that every consultation includes the patient's rating of pain, that the physician pays attention to this rating, and a plan is agreed to increase analgesia when it is inadequate...
September 2014: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Maren Reimer, Stephanie M Helfert, Ralf Baron
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The sensory phenotype can be used as a surrogate marker of underlying mechanisms of pain generation and is assessed by tools like the Quantitative Sensory Testing, Patient Reported Outcomes or the Capsaicin Response Test. In order to establish an individualized, mechanism-based treatment of pain, it has to be demonstrated that subgroups of patients with a distinct sensory phenotype respond differently to a certain treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Retrospective analyses of several clinical trials revealed that the presence of certain somatosensory abnormalities in the painful area was associated with a better treatment outcome...
June 2014: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
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