keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ocd childhood

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891299/tourette-syndrome-and-comorbid-neuropsychiatric-conditions
#1
REVIEW
Ashutosh Kumar, William Trescher, Debra Byler
Tourette syndrome is a neuropsychiatric condition characterized by both motor and phonic tics over a period of at least 1 year with the onset in childhood or adolescence. Apart from the tics, most of the patients with Tourette syndrome have associated neuropsychiatric comorbidities consisting of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, rage attacks, sleep issues, depression, and migraine. Patients may also have physical complications directly from violent motor tics which can rarely include cervical myelopathy, arterial dissection, and stroke...
2016: Current Developmental Disorders Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862704/what-happens-to-children-who-move-off-the-autism-spectrum-a-clinical-follow-up-study
#2
Nahit Motavalli Mukaddes, Tuba Mutluer, Basak Ayik, Ayla Umut
OBJECTIVES: There is controversial information on school age outcome of individuals who lose the diagnosis of autism and achieve "optimal outcome" (OO). The present study aimed to assess the autism symptoms and other psychiatric disorders in a group of children with a past history of autism. METHODS: The study includes individuals (n=26) who lost the diagnosis of autism two to eight years previously. Clinical assessment was done with both parents and children. DSM-V criteria were used for diagnosis of ASD...
November 12, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821364/modification-of-the-association-between-early-adversity-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-by-polymorphisms-in-the-maoa-maob-and-comt-genes
#3
N W McGregor, S M J Hemmings, L Erdman, I Calmarza-Font, D J Stein, C Lochner
The monoamine oxidases (MAOA/B) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) enzymes break down regulatory components within serotonin and dopamine pathways, and polymorphisms within these genes are candidates for OCD susceptibility. Childhood trauma has been linked OCD psychopathology, but little attention has been paid to the interactions between genes and environment in OCD aetiology. This pilot study investigated gene-by-environment interactions between childhood trauma and polymorphisms in the MAOA, MAOB and COMT genes in OCD...
October 24, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812841/successful-treatment-response-with-aripiprazole-augmentation-of-ssris-in-refractory-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-childhood
#4
Ulku Akyol Ardic, Eyup Sabri Ercan, Ayse Kutlu, Deniz Yuce, Melis Ipci, Sevim Berrin Inci
The aim of this study is to evaluate the aripiprazole augmentation of selective seratonine reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in children and adolescents with treatment-resistant OCD. Forty-eight children and adolescents (14 girls, 34 boys), who are non-responders to treatment with at least two types of SSRIs and CBT, were administered a 12-week of augmentation. Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS), and Clinical Global Impression-Severity and Improvement (CGI-S and CGI-I) sub-scales were used for evaluation of the treatment outcomes...
November 3, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783238/putting-the-pieces-together-in-gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome-exploring-the-link-between-clinical-observations-and-the-biological-basis-of-dysfunction
#5
REVIEW
Rowshanak Hashemiyoon, Jens Kuhn, Veerle Visser-Vandewalle
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome is a complex, idiopathic neuropsychiatric disorder whose pathophysiological mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. It is phenotypically heterogeneous and manifests more often than not with both motor and behavioral impairment, although tics are its clinical hallmark. Tics themselves present with a complex profile as they characteristically wax and wane and are often preceded by premonitory somatosensory sensations to which it is said a tic is the response. Highly comorbid with obsessive-compulsive disorder and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, it is purported to be an epigenetic, neurodevelopmental spectrum disorder with a complex genetic profile...
October 25, 2016: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777633/uncovering-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-risk-genes-in-a-pediatric-cohort-by-high-resolution-analysis-of-copy-number-variation
#6
Matthew J Gazzellone, Mehdi Zarrei, Christie L Burton, Susan Walker, Mohammed Uddin, S M Shaheen, Julie Coste, Rageen Rajendram, Reva J Schachter, Marlena Colasanto, Gregory L Hanna, David R Rosenberg, Noam Soreni, Kate D Fitzgerald, Christian R Marshall, Janet A Buchanan, Daniele Merico, Paul D Arnold, Stephen W Scherer
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous neuropsychiatric condition, thought to have a significant genetic component. When onset occurs in childhood, affected individuals generally exhibit different characteristics from adult-onset OCD, including higher prevalence in males and increased heritability. Since neuropsychiatric conditions are associated with copy number variations (CNVs), we considered their potential role in the etiology of OCD. METHODS: We genotyped 307 unrelated pediatric probands with idiopathic OCD (including 174 that were part of complete parent-child trios) and compared their genotypes with those of 3861 population controls, to identify rare CNVs (<0...
2016: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738398/behavioural-problems-in-children-with-enuresis
#7
Seval Birdal, Burak Doğangün
AIM: Enuresis is defined as involuntary or intentional repeated voiding of urine into clothes or bed at least twice a week for a period of three consecutive months in children older than five years old. It is one of the most frequent chronic childhood disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of behavioural problems in children with enuresis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research compared 30 children aged between 7 and 11 years who had consulted to Bakırköy Prof...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716919/intensive-treatment-of-pediatric-ocd-the-case-of-sarah
#8
Lara J Farrell, Rachel Sluis, Allison M Waters
While cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) either alone or in combination with pharmacotherapy (e.g., selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) has received strong empirical support for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD; Geller & March, 2012), this treatment is often inaccessible for children and their families. Barriers to accessing CBT include a lack of trained therapists, clinician and patient beliefs about CBT, and geographical and financial barriers (Goisman et al., 1993; Marques et al., 2010; Turner, Heyman, Futh, & Lovell, 2009)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711249/-on-my-own-but-not-alone-adolescents-experiences-of-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
Fabian Lenhard, Sarah Vigerland, Hedvig Engberg, Anna Hallberg, Hanna Thermaenius, Eva Serlachius
INTRODUCTION: Childhood Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a prevalent and impairing condition that can be effectively treated with Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). However, a majority of children and adolescents do not have access to CBT. Internet-delivered CBT (ICBT) has been suggested as a way to increase availability to effective psychological treatments. Yet, the research on ICBT in children and adolescents has been lagging behind significantly both when it comes to quantitative as well as qualitative studies...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688681/ethical-considerations-in-exposure-therapy-with-children
#10
Jennifer A Gola, Rinad S Beidas, Diana Antinoro-Burke, Hilary E Kratz, Randy Fingerhut
Despite the abundance of research that supports the efficacy of exposure therapy for childhood anxiety disorders and OCD, negative views and myths about the harmfulness of this treatment are prevalent. These beliefs contribute to the underutilization of this treatment and less robust effectiveness in community settings compared to randomized clinical trials. Although research confirms that exposure therapy is efficacious, safe, tolerable, and bears minimal risk when implemented correctly, there are unique ethical considerations in exposure therapy, especially with children...
May 2016: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663946/withdrawn-depressed-behaviors-and-error-related-brain-activity-in-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#11
Gregory L Hanna, Yanni Liu, Yona E Isaacs, Angela M Ayoub, Jose J Torres, Nolan B O'Hara, William J Gehring
OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) involves increased activity in corticostriatal circuits connecting the anterior cingulate cortex with other brain regions. The error-related negativity (ERN) is a negative deflection in the event-related potential after an incorrect response that is believed to reflect anterior cingulate cortex activity. This study examined the relation of the ERN to OCD symptom dimensions and other childhood symptom dimensions. METHOD: The ERN, correct response negativity, and accuracy were measured during a flanker task to assess performance monitoring in 80 youth with a lifetime diagnosis of OCD and 80 matched healthy comparison participants ranging from 8 to 18 years old...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650395/the-features-of-comorbidity-of-childhood-adhd-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#12
Fahri Çelebi, Ahmet Koyuncu, Erhan Ertekin, Behiye Alyanak, Raşit Tükel
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to investigate the impact of childhood ADHD comorbidity on the clinical features of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD: Ninety-five adult outpatients with a diagnosis of OCD were assessed by using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version, ADHD module, and the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. Patients with or without childhood ADHD were compared in terms of the sociodemographic and clinical features, psychiatric comorbidities, and rating scales...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640401/managing-family-accommodation-of-ocd-in-the-context-of-adolescent-treatment-refusal-a-case-example
#13
Carly Johnco
Family accommodation is a common and widely studied phenomenon in families of youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Family accommodation has been associated with increased symptom severity, poorer functional outcomes, and reduced treatment response. While family accommodation is increasingly targeted in family-based treatment of OCD, there are cases where youth refuse treatment. In these circumstances, parent-focused treatments that target reduction of family accommodation can be used to improve outcomes for youth with OCD...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594793/evidence-based-assessment-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Amy M Rapp, R Lindsay Bergman, John Piacentini, Joseph F McGuire
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric illness that often develops in childhood, affects 1%-2% of the population, and causes significant impairment across the lifespan. The first step in identifying and treating OCD is a thorough evidence-based assessment. This paper reviews the administration pragmatics, psychometric properties, and limitations of commonly used assessment measures for adults and youths with OCD. This includes diagnostic interviews, clinician-administered symptom severity scales, self-report measures, and parent/child measures...
2016: Journal of Central Nervous System Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570959/-on-the-university-of-recovery
#15
Jean-François Pelletier, Christine Boisvert, Marie-Claude Galipeau-Leduc, Christian Ducasse, Denis Pouliot-Morneau, Julie Bordeleau
Objectives Located at the heart of a mental health university institute in Montreal, Canada, the University of Recovery (UR) is a peer-run agency of service users who came together as a private non-profit organization to promote their experiential knowledge in science and public health, and to transform the academic milieu as an inclusive work environment conducive to recovery and full citizenship. UR students can thus have access to scientific conferences and classes on various topics and invite scientists or other professionals to further discuss new discoveries and techniques, and possible ways of improving healthcare from a patients' and service users' perspective...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552014/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-clinical-aspects-nosological-dimensions-and-controversies-with-anorexia-nervosa
#16
Rosa Behar, Marcelo Arancibia, Cristóbal Heitzer, Nicolás Meza
There is strong evidence about the co-existence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and eating disorders (ED), particularly with anorexia nervosa (AN). An exhaustive review of the specialised literature regarding these disorders was carried out. The results show that their co-occurrence implies a more complex diagnosis and treatment, a more severe clinical symptomatology and a worse prognosis and outcome. Both disorders display common similarities, differences and comorbidities, which allow authors to classify them in different nosological spectra (somatomorphic, anxious, obsessive-compulsive, affective and psychotic)...
May 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520897/a-study-of-phenomenology-psychiatric-co-morbidities-social-and-adaptive-functioning-in-children-and-adolescents-with-ocd
#17
Vivek Agarwal, Rakesh Yaduvanshi, Amit Arya, Pawan Kumar Gupta, Prabhat Sitholey
OBJECTIVE: To study the phenomenology, social, adaptive and global functioning of children and adolescents with OCD. BACKGROUND: Studies have shown varying prevalence of paediatric OCD ranging from 1% to 4%. Childhood-onset OCD have some important differences in sex distribution, presentation, co-morbidities and insight. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 25 subjects (6 to ≤18 years) with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of OCD were included in this study. Subjects were evaluated using K-SADS-PL, Children's Y-BOCS, HoNOSCA, C-GAS and VABS-II...
August 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501140/adhd-and-executive-functioning-deficits-in-ocd-youths-who-hoard
#18
Jennifer M Park, Jack F Samuels, Marco A Grados, Mark A Riddle, O Joseph Bienvenu, Fernando S Goes, Bernadette Cullen, Ying Wang, Janice Krasnow, Dennis L Murphy, Steven A Rasmussen, Nicole C McLaughlin, John Piacentini, David L Pauls, S Evelyn Stewart, Yin-Yao Shugart, Brion Maher, Ann E Pulver, James A Knowles, Benjamin D Greenberg, Abby J Fyer, James T McCracken, Gerald Nestadt, Daniel A Geller
Hoarding is common among youth with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), with up to 26% of OCD youth exhibiting hoarding symptoms. Recent evidence from adult hoarding and OCD cohorts suggests that hoarding symptoms are associated with executive functioning deficits similar to those observed in subjects with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, while hoarding behavior often onsets during childhood, there is little information about executive function deficits and ADHD in affected children and adolescents...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433835/childhood-adolescent-and-adult-age-at-onset-and-related-clinical-correlates-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-report-from-the-international-college-of-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum-disorders-icocs
#19
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Beatrice Benatti, Eric Hollander, Naomi Fineberg, Dan J Stein, Christine Lochner, Humberto Nicolini, Nuria Lanzagorta, Carlotta Palazzo, A Carlo Altamura, Donatella Marazziti, Stefano Pallanti, Michael Van Ameringen, Oguz Karamustafalioglu, Lynne M Drummond, Luchezar Hranov, Martijn Figee, Jon E Grant, Joseph Zohar, Damiaan Denys, Jose M Menchon
OBJECTIVE: Many studies suggest that age at onset (AAO) is an important factor for clinically differentiating patients with juvenile and adult onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The present international study aimed to assess the prevalence of different AAO groups and compare related socio-demographic and clinical features in a large sample of OCD patients. METHODS: A total of 431 OCD outpatients, participating in the ICOCS network, were first categorised in groups with childhood (≤12 years), adolescent (13-17 years) and adult-onset (≥18 years), then in pre-adult and adult onset (≥18 years) and their socio-demographic and clinical features compared...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27370066/-evaluation-of-a-neuropsychiatric-disorder-from-pandas-to-pans-and-cans
#20
Muharrem Burak Baytunca, Tuğba Donuk, Serpil Erermiş
PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal infections) syndrome is a disorder seen before adolescence that possesses an abrupt onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms and/or tics. Swedo and colleagues defined this disorder in 1998 as a syndrome related to Group A streptoccoccus (GAS) infection with neurological issues, such as motor hyperactivation and choreiform movements. The progress of the disorder may be described as wax-and-waning, apart from abrupt onset, and this relapse and remission course is associated with exacerbating infections, according to the creators of PANDAS syndrome...
2016: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
50509
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"