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2015

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734255/use-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-public-and-private-settings-in-barcelona-spain
#1
Nuria Matilla-Santander, Marcela Fu, Montse Ballbè, Kailey Bunch, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Esteve Fernández, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of e-cigarette users who use them in selected indoor public and workplaces, and private venues in Barcelona (Spain) in 2015. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a sample of e-cigarette users (≥ 18 years) from Barcelona (n = 600). We calculated the proportion of e-cigarette users who used the device in public and private settings (in the last 30 days). We fit multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for sex and age to calculate the odds ratios (OR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CI) of e-cigarette use by socio-demographic factors, dual use and nicotine-containing e-cigarettes...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734235/characterization-of-cognitive-performance-and-evaluation-of-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-htlv-1
#2
Liliana Raulino Goncalves, Leopoldo Nelson Fernandes Barbosa, Paula Machado Ribeiro Magalhaes, Pedro Augusto Sampaio Rocha-Filho
OBJECTIVE: To characterize cognitive alterations among patients with HTLV-1, ascertain what is associated with these alterations and evaluate these patients' quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Patients infected by HTLV-1 who were seen at the Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital from March 2014 to June 2015 were included in the study. A semi-structured questionnaire and the Mini-Mental State Examination, Color Trails Test, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF36) were used...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734187/proximal-femoral-nail-antirotation-versus-hemiarthroplasty-in-the-treatment-of-senile-intertrochanteric-fractures-case-report
#3
Xiangping Luo, Shengmao He, Dingshi Zeng, Lijun Lin, Qi Li
BACKGROUND: Primary hemiarthroplasty was recommended by some surgeons as the preferred choice in treating unstable senile intertrochanteric fractures with osteoporosis. However, many studies reported that proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) currently was as an optimal implant for the treatment of different type of intertrochanteric fractures. Which method is better for treating senile intertrochanteric fractures remains controversial due to the insufficient clinical evidences. METHODS: We reviewed all consecutive senile intertrochanteric fractures treated with PFNA or cemented hemiarthroplasty at our institution between July 2010 and March 2015...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734173/reliability-and-validity-of-the-tilburg-frailty-indicator-tfi-among-chinese-community-dwelling-older-people
#4
Lijuan Dong, Na Liu, Xiaoyu Tian, Xiaoxia Qiao, Robbert J J Gobbens, Robert L Kane, Cuili Wang
OBJECTIVE: To translate the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) into Chinese and assess its reliability and validity. METHODS: A sample of 917 community-dwelling older people, aged ≥60 years, in a Chinese city was included between August 2015 and March 2016. Construct validity was assessed using alternative measures corresponding to the TFI items, including self-rated health status (SRH), unintentional weight loss, walking speed, timed-up-and-go tests (TUGT), making telephone calls, grip strength, exhaustion, Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ), Geriatric Depression scale (GDS-15), emotional role, Adaptability Partnership Growth Affection and Resolve scale (APGAR) and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS)...
July 15, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734130/right-lobe-living-donors-ages-55-and-older-in-liver-transplantation
#5
Seong Hoon Kim, Eung Chang Lee, Jae Ryong Shim, Sang Jae Park
Insufficient is the evidence for safe use of elderly donors in adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of right lobe LDLT by donor age (≥55 vs. <55 years). All living donors who underwent right hepatectomy at the authors' institution between March 2008 and December 2015 were divided into 2 groups: group A with an age ≥ 55 and group B with an age < 55. The selection criteria for elderly donor were preservation of middle hepatic vein, remnant liver volume ≥30%, and no or mild fatty liver...
July 22, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732431/the-efficacy-of-oral-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-cow-s-milk-allergy
#6
Mohsen Ebrahimi, Mohammad Gharagozlou, Ali Mohebbi, Nasim Hafezi, Gholamreza Azizi, Masoud Movahedi
Cow's milk allergy is the most common type of food allergy that decrease the quality of life of patients and their families. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral immunotherapy in patients with cow's milk allergy. 14 patients above 3 years of age with a history of cow's milk allergy confirmed by positive double blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) test, presence of serum IgE against cow's milk and positive SPT (skin prick test) were enrolled in this study. During the immunotherapy all patients received increasing amounts of cow's milk during three phases...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732401/can-brook-trout-survive-climate-change-in-large-rivers-if-it-rains
#7
Eric R Merriam, Rodrigo Fernandez, J Todd Petty, Nicolas Zegre
We provide an assessment of thermal characteristics and climate change vulnerability for brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) habitats in the upper Shavers Fork sub-watershed, West Virginia. Spatial and temporal (2001-2015) variability in observed summer (6/1-8/31) stream temperatures was quantified in 23 (9 tributary, 14 main-stem) reaches. We developed a mixed effects model to predict site-specific mean daily stream temperature from air temperature and discharge and coupled this model with a hydrologic model to predict future (2016-2100) changes in stream temperature under low (RCP 4...
July 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732391/a-new-intraductal-radiofrequency-ablation-device-for-inoperable-biliopancreatic-tumors-complicated-by-obstructive-jaundice-the-ignite-1-study
#8
Wim Laleman, Schalk van der Merwe, Len Verbeke, Dirk Vanbeckevoort, Raymond Aerts, Hans Prenen, Eric Van Cutsem, Chris Verslype
Background and study aims Biliary stenting of unresectable malignant bile duct obstruction is generally accepted as the standard of care but it can be hampered by tumor ingrowth and stent dysfunction. We aimed to test the feasibility, safety, and biliary patency rate of a new endoscopically applied intraductal radiofrequency ablation (RFA) device. Patients and methods Eighteen patients with inoperable malignant biliary obstruction underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-directed RFA and stenting...
July 21, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732360/a-systematic-review-of-malignancy-associated-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-that-needs-more-attentions
#9
REVIEW
Hongluan Wang, Lixia Xiong, Weiping Tang, Ying Zhou, Fei Li
As an infrequent but potentially life-threatening hyperinflammatory syndrome, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is clinically characterized with prolonged fever, hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperferritinemia and hemophagocytosis in bone marrow, liver, spleen or lymph nodes. Malignancy-associated HLH (M-HLH), one type of acquired HLH, usually presents variable overlaps of symptoms with other types of HLH, thus resulting in higher incidence of misdiagnosis and mortality. In recent years, with the increasing awareness to this disease, the diagnosis and management of HLH have gained more and more attention, and improvements have been made accordingly...
July 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732315/total-and-ionized-magnesium-testing-in-the-surgical-intensive-care-unit-opportunities-for-improved-laboratory-and-pharmacy-utilization
#10
Daniel Dante Yeh, Nalin Chokengarmwong, Yuchiao Chang, Liyang Yu, Colleen Arsenault, Joseph Rudolf, Elizabeth Lee-Lewandrowski, Kent Lewandrowski
PURPOSE: Ionized fraction (iMg) is the physiologically active form of magnesium (Mg); total Mg may not accurately reflect iMg status. Erroneously "low" Mg levels may result in unnecessary repetitive testing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 11/2015 to 01/2016, patients ordered for Mg from a pilot ICU also had iMg tested. Weighted kappa statistic was used to assess agreement between Mg categories (low, normal, high). Predictors of unnecessary repeated Mg testing and repletion using data were explored through logistic regression models using GEE techniques to account for repeated measurements in both bivariate and multivariable analyses...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732307/a-multisite-audit-to-assess-how-women-with-complex-social-factors-access-and-engage-with-maternity-services
#11
Hannah Rayment-Jones, Eleanor Butler, Chelsie Miller, Christine Nay, Jennifer O'Dowd
OBJECTIVE: to audit women with socially complex lives' documented access to and engagement with antenatal care provided by three inner city, UK maternity services in relation to birth and neonatal outcomes, and referral processes. BACKGROUND: women living socially complex lives, including young mothers, recently arrived immigrants, non-English speaking, and those experiencing domestic violence, poor mental health, drug and alcohol abuse, and poverty experience high rates of morbidity, mortality and poor birth outcomes...
June 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732304/outbreak-of-salmonella-enteritidis-pt14b-gastroenteritis-at-a-restaurant-in-england-the-use-of-molecular-typing-to-achieve-a-successful-prosecution
#12
C Chatt, D Nicholds-Trainor, A Scrivener, S Suleman, M Harvey, T Dallman, J Hawker, B Sibal
OBJECTIVES: To describe an outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis phage type (PT) 14b in people who had eaten at a restaurant, and the investigation and subsequent prosecution of the food business operator (FBO). STUDY DESIGN: The local health protection team and environmental health department formed an outbreak control team to investigate the outbreak. METHODS: Epidemiological, microbiological, and environmental investigations were undertaken...
July 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732218/invasiveness-of-tibial-bone-graft-harvesting-for-secondary-alveolar-bone-grafting-can-harvesting-be-made-at-the-age-of-less-than-10%C3%A2-years-without-complications
#13
Kohta Fukuta, Kenichi Kurita, Atsushi Nakayama, Masahito Maeda, Hiroshi Watanabe, Mitsuo Goto
PURPOSE: In this study, particulate cancellous bone marrow was harvested from the tibia for alveolar bone grafting, and postoperative complications at the donor site were compared between patients aged 10 years or older (29 tibias) and those aged younger than 10 years (42 tibias). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Enrolled patients were those who underwent tibial bone graft harvesting at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Aichi Gakuin University, during a period of 3 years and 1 month from March 2012 through March 2015...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732152/secukinumab-in-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
M Abrouk, J Gandy, M Nakamura, K Lee, M Brodsky, R Singh, H Zhu, B Farahnik, T Bhutani, J Koo
While there are several commercially available treatment options for psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, there remains a large number of individuals who are refractory to current modalities. In the recent past, there has been increasing evidence that interleukin (IL)-17 plays a vital role in the pathophysiology of psoriasis. Preclinical, phase II, and phase III studies of secukinumab (Cosentyx®) targeting IL-17 and its receptor have thus far proved to be promising. We reviewed the results of phase II and phase III clinical trials for secukinumab in the treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis...
July 2017: Skin Therapy Letter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732090/incidence-predictors-and-severity-of-adverse-events-among-whole-blood-donors
#15
Hamdan Almutairi, Mahmoud Salam, Abdulaziz Alajlan, Faisal Wani, Bushra Al-Shammari, Khaled Al-Surimi
BACKGROUND: Adverse events have been reported post blood donation. Donors might refrain from donating again due to such events which lowers the blood supply in collection centers. AIM: This study measured the incidence, predictors and severity of adverse events among donors of a single whole blood unit at one of the largest donation centers in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort was conducted in 2015 to investigate the adverse events immediately post donation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732088/patient-and-doctor-perspectives-on-hiv-screening-in-the-emergency-department-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#16
Noemy De Rossi, Nicolas Dattner, Matthias Cavassini, Solange Peters, Olivier Hugli, Katharine E A Darling
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) is mentioned specifically in the Swiss HIV testing recommendations as a site at which patients can benefit from expanded HIV testing to optimise early HIV diagnosis. At our centre, where local HIV seroprevalence is 0.2-0.4%, 1% of all patients presenting to the ED are tested for HIV. Barriers to HIV testing, from the patient and doctor perspective, and patient acceptability of rapid HIV testing were examined in this study. METHODS: Between October 2014 and May 2015, 100 discrete patient-doctor encounter pairs undertook a survey in the ED of Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732038/analysis-of-patient-data-from-laboratories-during-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-liberia-april-2014-to-march-2015
#17
Yuki Furuse, Mosoka Fallah, Hitoshi Oshitani, Ling Kituyi, Nuha Mahmoud, Emmanuel Musa, Alex Gasasira, Tolbert Nyenswah, Bernice Dahn, Luke Bawo
An outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia began in March 2014 and ended in January 2016. Epidemiological information on the EVD cases was collected and managed nationally; however, collection and management of the data were challenging at the time because surveillance and reporting systems malfunctioned during the outbreak. EVD diagnostic laboratories, however, were able to register basic demographic and clinical information of patients more systematically. Here we present data on 16,370 laboratory samples that were tested between April 4, 2014 and March 29, 2015...
July 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732037/integrating-cervical-cancer-with-hiv-healthcare-services-a-systematic-review
#18
Louise Sigfrid, Georgina Murphy, Victoria Haldane, Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Suan Ee Ong, Francisco Cervero-Liceras, Nicola Watt, Alconada Alvaro, Laura Otero-Garcia, Dina Balabanova, Sue Hogarth, Will Maimaris, Kent Buse, Martin Mckee, Peter Piot, Pablo Perel, Helena Legido-Quigley
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem. Even though readily preventable, it is the fourth leading cause of death in women globally. Women living with HIV are at increased risk of invasive cervical cancer, highlighting the need for access to screening and treatment for this population. Integration of services has been proposed as an effective way of improving access to cervical cancer screening especially in areas of high HIV prevalence as well as lower resourced settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731994/-the-frequency-and-clinical-profile-of-gallbladder-cancer-in-patients-undergoing-cholecystectomy-in-3-reference-hospitals-in-chiclayo-between-2011-2015
#19
Fernando Eulogio Peña Dávila, Fernando Andrés Sánchez Renteria, Jorge Fernandez Mogollon, Martha Roxana Rodríguez Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and clinical profile of gallbladder cancer in patients undergoing cholecystectomy in 3 reference hospitals in Chiclayo between 2011-2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study. The study is divided into 2 phases, the first was to count the total number of reports of gallbladder pathology and select positive cases for cancer; the second phase was to collect data from the medical records of patients positive for cancer...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731990/-performance-of-asge-predictive-criteria-in-diagnosis-of-choledocholithiasis-in-the-edgardo-rebagliati-martins-hospital
#20
Harold Eduardo Benites Goñi, Fernando Vicente Palacios Salas, Jairo Luis Asencios Cusihuallpa, Rossmery Aguilar Morocco, Nasthya Solange Segovia Valle
BACKGROUND: In Peru, there are still no local studies designed for evaluating the performance of clinical guidelines designed to stratify patients according to probability of choledocholithiasis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of predictive criteria proposed by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) in diagnosis of choledocholithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study conducted in a hospital in Lima (Rebagliati hospital)...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
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