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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343882/a-contemporary-description-of-french-newborns-growth-using-the-efemeris-cohort
#1
A-B Beau, M Tauber, C Chollet, C Hurault-Delarue, C Bouilhac, J-L Montastruc, I Lacroix, C Damase-Michel
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in childhood are a major concern in developed countries. Reference growth curves are used in current practice to identify children at risk, especially at risk of overweight or obesity. National reference growth curves were published 35 years ago from children born in the 1950s to study growth from birth to adulthood. Additionally, more recent national curves exist to study birth weight and height according to gestational age. The primary objective was to describe anthropometric measurements of French children born in the 2000s and to compare them with the French references...
March 23, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342780/a-neural-basis-for-the-visual-sense-of-number-and-its-development-a-steady-state-visual-evoked-potential-study-in-children-and-adults
#2
Joonkoo Park
While recent studies in adults have demonstrated the existence of a neural mechanism for a visual sense of number, little is known about its development and whether such a mechanism exists at young ages. In the current study, I introduce a novel steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) technique to objectively quantify early visual cortical sensitivity to numerical and non-numerical magnitudes of a dot array. I then examine this neural sensitivity to numerical magnitude in children between three and ten years of age and in college students...
March 2, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341820/il-23-gene-and-protein-expression-in-childhood-asthma
#3
Soheila Alyasin, Reza Amin, Ali Fazel, Mohammad Hossein Karimi, Seyed Hesamedin Nabavizadeh, Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Maryam Babaei
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the chronic inflammation of airways characterized by eosinophilic infiltration, mucus overproduction, airway hyper-responsiveness and airway remodeling. These changes are induced mostly by cytokines which are produced by T helper (Th) 2 cells. Recently, the role of interleukin-23 (IL-23) in the pathogenesis of adult allergic asthma has been studied. OBJECTIVE: To explore IL-23 serum levels and its expression in persistent asthma compared with healthy children younger than five years old...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Immunology: IJI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339574/arm-paralysis-after-routine-childhood-vaccinations-application-of-advanced-molecular-methods-to-the-causality-assessment-of-an-adverse-event-after-immunization
#4
Jana Shaw, Neal A Halsey, Adriana Weinberg, D Scott Schmid, Kirsten St George, William C Weldon, Michael Jordan, Patrick W Bryant, Philip S LaRussa, Deborah Y Bradshaw, Theresa Harrington, Anne Gershon
Post-licensure surveillance for adverse events following immunizations (AEFI) can identify rare complications of vaccinations and rigorous vaccine adverse event causality assessments can help to identify possible causal relationships. We report the development of arm paralysis after varicella vaccination in a 1-year-old child. Paralysis was initially presumed to be due to vOka because of the temporal relationship between vaccination and onset of arm weakness; however, molecular studies identified wild-type varicella zoster virus VZV (WT-VZV) in the CSF, leading the authors to conclude that WT-VZV was the probable cause...
January 25, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339469/non-invasive-evaluation-of-muscle-disease-in-the-canine-model-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-by-electrical-impedance-myography
#5
Chady H Hakim, Alex Mijailovic, Thais B Lessa, Joan R Coates, Carmen Shin, Seward B Rutkove, Dongsheng Duan
Dystrophin-deficient dogs are by far the best available large animal models for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the most common lethal childhood muscle degenerative disease. The use of the canine DMD model in basic disease mechanism research and translational studies will be greatly enhanced with the development of reliable outcome measures. Electrical impedance myography (EIM) is a non-invasive painless procedure that provides quantitative data relating to muscle composition and histology. EIM has been extensively used in neuromuscular disease research in both human patients and rodent models...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339061/identification-of-two-novel-mutations-in-the-slco2a1-prostaglandin-transporter-gene-in-a-chinese-patient-with-primary-hypertrophic-osteoarthropathy
#6
Ting Guo, Kai Yang, Lv Liu, Zhi-Ping Tan, Hong Luo
Primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (PHO), which is a rare multi‑organic disease characterized by digital clubbing, pachydermia and periosteal reaction, typically begins during childhood or adolescence and progresses gradually over years prior to disease stabilization. To date, only two genes have been reported to be associated with PHO, 15‑hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase and solute carrier organic anion transporter family, member 2A1 (SLCO2A1). However, the pathogenesis and the functions of the underlying genes remain to be fully elucidated...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337856/contribution-of-snacks-to-dietary-intakes-of-young-children-in-the-united-states
#7
Lenka H Shriver, Barbara J Marriage, Tama D Bloch, Colleen K Spees, Samantha A Ramsay, Rosanna P Watowicz, Christopher A Taylor
Nutritional quality of children's diets is a public health priority in the fight against childhood obesity and chronic diseases. The main purpose of this study was to determine contribution of snacks to energy and nutrient intakes and to identify leading snack food sources of energy, total fat, and added sugars amongst young children in the United States. Using the 2005-2012 NHANES data, dietary intakes of 2- to 5-year-old children were analysed from a parent-reported 24-hour dietary recall (n = 3,429). Snacking occasions were aggregated to determine the proportion of total food/beverage intake obtained from snacks, estimate energy, and nutrient intakes, and identify the leading snack food sources of energy, added sugars, and total fat...
March 23, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337475/age-at-injury-is-associated-with-the-long-term-cognitive-outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injuries
#8
Wei Li, Shannon L Risacher, Thomas W McAllister, Andrew J Saykin
INTRODUCTION: The association between age at injury (AAI) and long-term cognitive outcome of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) is debatable. METHODS: Eligible participants with a history of TBI from Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative were divided into a childhood TBI (cTBI) group (the AAI ≤ 21 years old) and an adult TBI (aTBI) group (the AAI > 21 years old). RESULTS: The cTBI group has a higher Everyday Cognition total score than the aTBI group...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337353/gastric-duplication-a-rare-cause-of-recurrent-vomiting
#9
Brahmananda Koduri, Katie McHale, Christina Yost, Michael H Goodman, Dennis Hoelzer
Vomiting is a physical finding that can occur at any age but presents the greatest challenge when it is recurrent in a child. The etiology is varied (Sieunarine and Manmohansingh, 1989; Suzuki, 1982), and recurrent vomiting can be a symptom of life threatening medical or surgical emergencies. Early recognition is mandatory for preventing delay in management and potential complications. Gastric duplication is rare and mostly diagnosed in infancy with only a few cases documented in the medical literature presenting in childhood...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337159/hey-teacher-don-t-leave-them-kids-alone-action-is-better-for-memory-than-reading
#10
Mathieu Hainselin, Laurence Picard, Patrick Manolli, Sophie Vankerkore-Candas, Béatrice Bourdin
There is no consensus on how the enactment effect (EE), although it is robust, enhances memory. Researchers are currently investigating the cognitive processes underlying this effect, mostly during adulthood; the link between EE and crucial function identified in adulthood such as episodic memory and binding process remains elusive. Therefore, this study aims to verify the existence of EE in 6-10 years old and assess cognitive functions potentially linked to this effect in order to shed light on the mechanisms underlying the EE during childhood...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335748/steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome-as-the-initial-presentation-of-nail-patella-syndrome-a-case-of-a-de-novo-lmx1b-mutation
#11
Tomohiro Nakata, Ryo Ishida, Yuu Mihara, Atsuko Fujii, Yoshimoto Inoue, Tetsuro Kusaba, Tsuyoshi Isojima, Yutaka Harita, Chiaki Kanda, Sachiko Kitanaka, Keiichi Tamagaki
BACKGROUND: Nail-patella syndrome (NPS) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the LMX1B gene and is characterized by nail dysplasia, skeletal abnormalities, and nephropathy. We herein report a case of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) prior to overt orthopedic symptoms in a patient with NPS. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old woman presented to our hospital with knee pain. She had poorly developed nails, hypoplastic patellas, dislocation of the elbows, and iliac horns in the pelvis...
March 23, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335677/comparison-of-anti-pertussis-toxin-elisa-and-agglutination-assays-to-assess-immune-responses-to-pertussis
#12
Pavel Khramtsov, Maria Bochkova, Valeria Timganova, Svetlana Zamorina, Mikhail Rayev
BACKGROUND: The goal of our study was to compare the following two methods of assessment of pertussis post-vaccination immunity: bacterial agglutination test and pertussis toxin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). METHODS: The study was carried out in Perm Region, Russia. We measured pertussis immunity using two serological methods: ELISA of IgG to pertussis toxin (PT) and the agglutination test (AT) among 135 children, in the age range from 2 months to 17 years old...
March 23, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335042/acute-sensory-neuronopathy-following-enterovirus-infection-in-a-3-year-old-girl
#13
Chih-Chin Chiu, Chen-Ya Yang, Tsui-Fen Yang, Kon-Ping Lin, Shou-Hsien Huang, Jia-Chi Wang
Acute sensory neuronopathy (SNN) is a rapidly developing peripheral nervous system disease that primarily affects sensory neurons in the dorsal root ganglion or trigeminal ganglion, leading to the impairment of sensory axons. SNN is notably uncommon in childhood; only three cases of childhood or adolescent SNN have been reported to date. Moreover, SSN has never been reported in association with enterovirus infection. Here, we report the case of a 3-year-old girl who was initially diagnosed with enterovirus infection based on the presentation of fevers, rashes on all extremities, and ulceration over the posterior pharynx...
March 23, 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334942/epidemiological-analysis-of-childhood-cancer-in-japan-based-on-population-based-cancer-registries-1993-2009
#14
Hiroyuki Ishihara, Yuko Ohno, Makoto Fujii, Junichi Hara, Midori Soda
Background: There are few recent data on trends in childhood cancer incidence using population-based cancer registries in Japan. Methods: This study comprised 6110 reported cases of patients aged 0-14 years who were diagnosed as having primary cancer between 1993 and 2009. We chose cancer registries of seven prefectures, according to the international cancer registry standard of fewer than 10% death certificate only cases among cancer registries in Japan. We analyzed population-based cancer registration data in the seven prefectures between 1993 and 2009...
March 17, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333527/reading-self-perceived-ability-enjoyment-and-achievement-a-genetically-informative-study-of-their-reciprocal-links-over-time
#15
Margherita Malanchini, Zhe Wang, Ivan Voronin, Victoria J Schenker, Robert Plomin, Stephen A Petrill, Yulia Kovas
Extant literature has established a consistent association between aspects of reading motivation, such as enjoyment and self-perceived ability, and reading achievement, in that more motivated readers are generally more skilled readers. However, the developmental etiology of this relation is yet to be investigated. The present study explores the development of the motivation-achievement association and its genetic and environmental underpinnings. Applying cross-lagged design in a sample of 13,825 twins, we examined the relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors to the association between reading enjoyment and self-perceived ability and reading achievement...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332441/changes-in-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-during-the-cardiac-cycle-a-comparative-study-in-early-childhood-mid-childhood-and-adulthood
#16
Kuna Rueb, Jonathan Mynard, Richard Liu, Melissa Wake, Peter Vuillermin, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Diana Zannino, David P Burgner
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), an ultrasonographic marker of cardiovascular risk, is increasingly used in adults and children. The choice of specific images used to quantify CIMT from a cine sequence is often based on image quality rather than on a consistent point in the cardiac cycle. This methodological study quantified the imprecision that may be introduced by variation of CIMT during the cardiac cycle. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from four-year-olds, 11 to 12-year-olds, and adults (n=30 each age group) were selected retrospectively from two population-derived studies...
March 23, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331501/is-emotion-recognition-related-to-core-symptoms-of-childhood-adhd
#17
Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Gholamreza Noorazar, Zahra Shahrivar, Anahita Khorrami Banaraki, Parvane Farhad Beigi, Nahid Noorian
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have some problems in social relationships which may be related to their deficit in recognizing emotional expressions. It is not clear if the deficit in emotion recognition is secondary to core symptoms of ADHD or can be considered as an independent symptom. This study aimed to evaluate the ability of detecting emotional faces and its relation to inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity in children with ADHD compared to a typically developing (TD) group...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330819/childhood-excess-weight-in-spain-from-2006-to-2012-determinants-and-parental-misperception
#18
María D Ramiro-González, Belén Sanz-Barbero, Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Due to the high prevalence of childhood obesity in Spain, we analyzed changes in its prevalence from 2006 to 2007 and from 2011 to 2012, as well as diet, sleep, and sedentary habits in 5- to 14-year-olds and parental misperceptions about their children's excess weight. METHODS: The sample was from the Spanish National Health Surveys for 2006 to 2007 (n=5590) and for 2011 to 2012 (n=3601). Data were collected by trained personnel through telephone interviews with parents/guardians...
March 18, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329808/lifecourse-activity-participation-from-early-mid-and-later-adulthood-as-determinants-of-cognitive-aging-the-lothian-birth-cohort-1921
#19
Alan J Gow, Alison Pattie, Ian J Deary
Objectives: To examine potential sensitive periods for activity participation across adulthood to reduce cognitive decline and to determine whether associations persist after accounting for the lifetime stability of cognitive ability. Method: The Lothian Birth Cohort 1921 is a longitudinal study of cognitive aging. Participants were born in 1921 and most completed a mental ability test at the age of 11 years. Cognitive assessments were completed at mean ages 79 (N = 550), 83 (N = 321), 87 (N = 235), and 90 years (N = 129)...
October 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329597/melanoma-occurrence-under-long-term-etanercept-treatment-for-psoriasis-a-case-report
#20
Laura Atzori, Luca Pilloni, Severino Murgia, Cristina Mugheddu, Monica Pau, Franco Rongioletti
Melanoma occurrence during treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor is considered an incidental event, although very recent studies suggest a risk. Etanercept is a fusion protein that binds the tumor necrosis factor receptor and is included among TNF inhibitors, approved for the treatment of several autoimmune diseases, such as psoriasis.We described a 79-year-old man with psoriasis, being treated with etanercept, who presented with a new brown to black macule on his right shoulder; this was immediately surgically excised...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
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