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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213608/trends-in-anthropometric-measures-among-us-children-6-to-23-months-1976-2014
#1
Lara J Akinbami, Brian K Kit, Margaret D Carroll, Tala H I Fakhouri, Cynthia L Ogden
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The surveillance of children's growth reflects a population's nutritional status and risk for adverse outcomes. This study aimed to describe trends in length-for-age, weight-for-age, weight-for-length, and early childhood weight gain among US children aged 6 to 23 months. METHODS: We analyzed NHANES data from 1976-1980, 1988-1994, 1999-2002, 2003-2006, 2007-2010, and 2011-2014. We estimated z scores < -2 (low) and ≥+2 (high) in comparison with World Health Organization growth standards for each indicator...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213111/childhood-maltreatment-is-associated-with-alteration-in-global-network-fiber-tract-architecture-independent-of-history-of-depression-and-anxiety
#2
Kyoko Ohashi, Carl M Anderson, Elizabeth A Bolger, Alaptagin Khan, Cynthia E McGreenery, Martin H Teicher
Childhood maltreatment is a major risk factor for psychopathology. It is also associated with alterations in the network architecture of the brain, which we hypothesized may play a significant role in the development of psychopathology. In this study, we analyzed the global network architecture of physically healthy unmedicated 18-25 year old subjects (n=262) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) MRI and tractography. Anatomical networks were constructed from fiber streams interconnecting 90 cortical or subcortical regions for subjects with no-to-low (n=122) versus moderate-to-high (n=140) exposure to maltreatment...
February 14, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211136/from-prioritizing-objects-to-prioritizing-cues-a-developmental-shift-for-cognitive-control
#3
Nicolas Chevalier, Bruno Dauvier, Agnès Blaye
Emerging cognitive control supports increasingly adaptive behaviors and predicts life success, while low cognitive control is a major risk factor during childhood. It is therefore essential to understand how it develops. The present study provides evidence for an age-related shift in the type of information that children prioritize in their environment, from objects that can be directly acted upon to cues signaling how to act. Specifically, gaze patterns recorded while 3- to 12-year-olds and adults engaged in a cognitive control task showed that whereas younger children fixated on targets that they needed to respond to before gazing at task cues signaling how to respond, older children and adults showed the opposite pattern (which yielded better performance)...
February 16, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208866/fatal-toxic-megacolon-in-a-child-of-hirschsprung-disease
#4
Shiwani R Garg, Pragati A Sathe, Annapurna C Taware, Ketaki M Surve
Hirschsprung disease (HD) in late childhood is uncommon and often undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. However, in a patient with Hirschsprung disease, of greater significance is the occurrence of life threatening enterocolitis. In its more severe form, this is associated with gross dilatation of the colon and profound toxaemia, the combination being termed toxic megacolon. Because of its relative rarity, we report a case of 10-year-old child who had a history of chronic constipation for nine years. He later developed complications and presented to the emergency department with toxic megacolon, a rare occurrence due to neglected constipation...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208865/adult-neuroblastoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Vishwapriya Mahadev Godkhindi, Maheboob M Basade, Kamran Khan, Kiran Thorat
Neuroblastoma is the most common solid malignant neoplasm in the paediatric age group; accounting for 7% of all childhood malignancies, but neuroblastoma in adult, is a rare occurrence, finding mention in aeons of medical literature with an overall incidence of 1 in 10 million adults/year. We report the case of a 24-year-old male patient presenting with the complaints of progressive abdominal distention of 2 months duration. Multiple Detector Computed Tomography (MD-CT) of abdomen revealed a huge enhancing mass in the retroperitoneum abutting the left kidney, and a subsequent CT-guided biopsy and immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of ganglioneuroblastoma...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208814/adequacy-of-usual-vitamin-and-mineral-intake-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents-enalia-study
#6
Ana M López-Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio, Liliana G González-Rodríguez, Esther Cuadrado-Soto, Josefa Rubio, Victoria Marcos, Rosa Sanchidrián, Sara Santos, Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Marian Ángeles Dal Re, Carmen Villar, Teresa Robledo, J Javier Castrodeza, Rosa M Ortega
Background: The National Dietary Survey on the Child and Adolescent Population in Spain (ENALIA) provides data to assess the usual micronutrient intake among Spanish infants, children, and adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional survey (November 2012-July 2014) of a representative sample of Spanish children and adolescents (six months-17 years) (n = 1862). Dietary information was collected using two non-consecutive one-day food diaries (six months-10 years old) or two 24 h dietary recalls (11 years and older) separated by at least 14 days...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208225/indoor-fungal-diversity-in-primary-schools-may-differently-influence-allergic-sensitization-and-asthma-in-children
#7
João Cavaleiro Rufo, Joana Madureira, Inês Paciência, Lívia Aguiar, Cristiana Pereira, Diana Silva, Patrícia Padrão, Pedro Moreira, Luís Delgado, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Eduardo Oliveira Fernandes, João Paulo Teixeira, André Moreira
BACKGROUND: Childhood exposure to microbiological agents may influence the development of allergic and respiratory diseases. Apart from home, children spend most of their time at school, which represents an environment of significant exposure to indoor air microbes. Therefore, we aimed to assess how the prevalence of allergic sensitization and asthma in schoolchildren is affected by microbiological exposure within classrooms. METHODS: Spirometry with bronchodilation, exhaled nitric oxide measurements and skin-prick tests data were retrieved from 858 children aged 8 to 10 years old attending 71 classrooms in 20 primary schools...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206900/caregiver-illness-perception-of-their-child-s-early-childhood-caries
#8
Mary Beth Slusar, Suchitra Nelson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case-control study was to evaluate the association between parent/caregivers' illness perception and early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Parent/caregivers of children younger than six years old were recruited at the dental clinic of an urban children's hospital between June 2013 and September 2015. Cases were caregivers of ECC children; controls were caregivers of children without ECC. Caregivers completed the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised for Dental (IPQ-RD) assessing cognitive (identity, consequences, control, timeline, illness coherence, cause) and emotional representations of dental caries...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205351/functional-assessment-of-the-kidneys-in-a-10%C3%A2-month-old-child-with-renal-artery-stenosis-by-intravoxel-incoherent-motion
#9
Jochen Herrmann, Harald Ittrich, Michael Gerhard Kaul, Michael Groth, Magdalini Tozakidou, Martin Blohm, Jun Oh, Gerhard Adam
Renovascular stenosis is an important cause for arterial hypertension in childhood. We report a 10-month-old girl with arterial hypertension caused by right-sided renal artery stenosis detected by Doppler ultrasound. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed before renal artery angioplasty to depict vascular anatomy in detail and to retrieve additional functional information of the kidneys by analysis of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM). The value of quantitative diffusion weighted imaging of the kidneys prior to percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) is discussed...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199334/childhood-hematologic-cancer-and-residential-proximity-to-oil-and-gas-development
#10
Lisa M McKenzie, William B Allshouse, Tim E Byers, Edward J Bedrick, Berrin Serdar, John L Adgate
BACKGROUND: Oil and gas development emits known hematological carcinogens, such as benzene, and increasingly occurs in residential areas. We explored whether residential proximity to oil and gas development was associated with risk for hematologic cancers using a registry-based case-control study design. METHODS: Participants were 0-24 years old, living in rural Colorado, and diagnosed with cancer between 2001-2013. For each child in our study, we calculated inverse distance weighted (IDW) oil and gas well counts within a 16...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196559/the-link-between-childhood-adversity-and-late-life-mental-health-evidence-for-the-influence-of-early-life-experiences-or-illusory-correlations
#11
Tracy D Vannorsdall, Cynthia A Munro
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) reflect stressful or traumatic early life events such as abuse, neglect, and significant household challenges. These experiences are increasingly appreciated as factors that exert influence on physical and mental functioning throughout the lifespan. Numerous studies have demonstrated dose-response relationships between the number of ACEs reported and negative health outcomes in adulthood (Anda et al., 2006). At the same time, evidence points to the role of ACEs in the development of heightened biological reactivity to stress that may serve to increase vulnerability to the development of mental and substance use disorders (e...
March 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195843/lipophagic-panniculitis-of-childhood-a-case-report-and-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#12
Jack Levy, Mark E Burnett, Cynthia M Magro
Lipophagic panniculitis of childhood is a rare condition notable clinically for an inflammatory panniculitis followed by the development of permanent lipoatrophy. In this regard, the term lipoatrophic panniculitis has been used synonymously with lipophagic panniculitis. Additional designations include lipophagic lipoatrophic panniculitis and annular lipoatrophic panniculitis of the ankles. Although lipophagic panniculitis has been associated with a number of autoimmune phenomena, a paucity of reports and limited pathological analyses to date renders this disease an elusive one whose pathogenesis is not yet established...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195589/preterm-arteries-in-childhood-dimensions-intima-media-thickness-and-elasticity-of-the-aorta-coronaries-and-carotids-in-6-y-old-children-born-extremely-preterm
#13
Lilly-Ann Mohlkert, Jenny Hallberg, Olof Broberg, Monica Hellström, Cecilia Pegelow Halvorsen, Gunnar Sjöberg, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy, Petru Liuba, Vineta Fellman, Magnus Domellöf, Mikael Norman
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth increases risk for adult cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that arteries in 6-y-old children born preterm are narrower, with thicker intima-media and stiffer than in peers born at term. METHODS: Children born extremely preterm (EXP, n = 176, birthweights: 348-1,161 g) and at term (CTRL, n = 174, birthweights: 2,430-4,315 g) were included. Using ultrasonography, we determined diameters of the coronaries (CA), common carotid arteries (CCA) and aorta, the carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), and the stiffness index of the CCA and aorta...
February 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195588/increased-childhood-bmi-is-associated-with-young-adult-serum-uric-acid-levels-a-linkage-study-from-japan
#14
Erika Kuwahara, Yoshitaka Murakami, Tomonori Okamura, Hirokazu Komatsu, Akemi Nakazawa, Hideo Ushiku, Fumio Maejima, Yoshio Nishigaki, Yuji Nishiwaki
BACKGROUND: Growth pattern in early life is one of the most important factors affecting the pathogenesis of metabolic-associated diseases. The associations between serum uric acid (SUA) and hypertension, kidney disease, and coronary heart disease have been recognized. We investigated the association between increased BMI during childhood and adult SUA levels in Japan. METHODS: We included 298 children with health examination data between 1981 and 2002 who had also undergone physical examinations after reaching early adulthood (approximately 27 y old)...
February 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195512/neuroradiological-findings-of-trisomy-13-in-a-rare-long-term-survivor
#15
Ryan D Goff, Bruno P Soares
Patau syndrome remains a difficult diagnosis for parents and a challenging conversation for clinicians due to the overall poor prognosis. Previous population-based reports have documented the sobering life expectancies of these patients, with few surviving to 1 year of age. Despite the high mortality rate in infants born with trisomy 13, there are several reports of survival into late childhood and early adulthood. While clinical outcomes have been well documented, there has been a paucity of literature describing postnatal imaging findings in long-term survivors...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194417/developing-intervention-strategies-to-optimise-body-composition-in-early-childhood-in-south-africa
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Catherine E Draper, Simone A Tomaz, Matthew Stone, Trina Hinkley, Rachel A Jones, Johann Louw, Rhian Twine, Kathleen Kahn, Shane A Norris
Purpose. The purpose of this research was to collect data to inform intervention strategies to optimise body composition in South African preschool children. Methods. Data were collected in urban and rural settings. Weight status, physical activity, and gross motor skill assessments were conducted with 341 3-6-year-old children, and 55 teachers and parents/caregivers participated in focus groups. Results. Overweight and obesity were a concern in low-income urban settings (14%), but levels of physical activity and gross motor skills were adequate across all settings...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194282/localizing-age-related-changes-in-brain-structure-using-voxel-based-morphometry
#17
Shu Hua Mu, Min Xu, Jun Xiu Duan, Jian Zhang, Li Hai Tan
Aim. We report the dynamic anatomical sequence of human cortical gray matter development from late childhood to young adults using VBM and ROI-based methods. Method. The structural MRI of 91 normal individuals ranging in age from 6 to 26 years was obtained and the GMV for each region was measured. Results. Our results showed that the earliest loss of GMV occurred in left olfactory, right precuneus, caudate, left putamen, pallidum, and left middle temporal gyrus. In addition, the trajectory of maturational and aging showed a linear decline in GMV on both cortical lobes and subcortical regions...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194276/a-case-report-of-concurrent-embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-and-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-an-adult-without-identifiable-cancer-predisposition
#18
M D Mathias, M V Ortiz, H Magnan, S R Ambati, E K Slotkin, A J Chou, M F Walsh, K Offit, C Moskowitz, A Kentsis, L H Wexler
BACKGROUND: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Rhabdomyosarcoma, the most common soft tissue sarcoma of childhood. makes up less than 1% of solid malignancies in adults with around 400 new cases each year in the United States. They have not previously been reported concurrently. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37 year old woman presented with painful enlarging leg mass. Biopsy of the mass was consistent with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma...
2017: Biomarker Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192007/supportive-and-intrusive-parenting-during-early-childhood-relations-with-children-s-fear-temperament-and-sex
#19
Melissa A Barnett, Laura V Scaramella
The current study examined the extent to which child sex and fear reactivity were linked to mothers' observed use of supportive and intrusive parenting behaviors. Two dimensions of observed fear reactivity were considered: distress (i.e., fearfulness) and approach (i.e., fearlessness). The sample consisted of 160 predominantly African American, low-income families that included mothers, 1 sibling approximately 2 years old, and the closest age older sibling who was approximately 4 years old. Results from fixed-effects within-family models indicated that above and beyond the main effect of child engagement on observed parenting behaviors, child sex moderated associations between 2 dimensions of fear reactivity and mothers' observed parenting...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191813/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-mimicking-wilms-tumor-at-presentation
#20
Amitabh Singh, Anirban Mandal, Vijay Guru, Rachna Seth
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the commonest malignancy of childhood, is known to manifest with a myriad of atypical presentations. Nephromegaly is a rare presentation of childhood ALL with hepatic mass being even rarer. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 3 year-old child with unilateral renal mass and hepatic mass lesion with normal blood counts, initially suspected to have metastatic Wilms tumor based on clinical, radiological and WT1 positivity on immunocytochemistry of renal mass...
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
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