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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909834/effects-of-maternal-health-anxiety-on-children-s-health-complaints-emotional-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#1
Mette Viller Thorgaard, Lisbeth Frostholm, Lynn S Walker, Kristian Stengaard-Pedersen, Mads Münster Karlsson, Jens Søndergaard Jensen, Per Fink, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask
Little is known about family risk factors and intergenerational transmission of psychological disturbance in the development of health anxiety (HA). This study investigated HA and related concepts in 8- to 17-year-old children who had been exposed to different maternal health status. Using a family case-control design, three family groups were included: (1) 50 case children of mothers with severe (HA); (2) 49 control children of mothers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); and (3) 51 control children of healthy mothers...
December 1, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908434/an-observational-study-of-handwashing-compliance-in-a-child-care-facility
#2
Jeffrey Clark, Jennifer K Henk, Philip G Crandall, Mardel A Crandall, Corliss A O'Bryan
BACKGROUND: Handwashing (HW) compliance, although an effective means of limiting childhood illness, remains low among personnel in early childhood centers (ECCs). Our study determined HW compliance and efficacy of ECC personnel. METHODS: Surveillance cameras were used to determine HW opportunities, compliance, occurrences, and effectiveness based on child-care oriented criteria. RESULTS: We observed 349 HW triggering events, with 14 events per hour; a median of 2 personnel (caregivers, paraprofessional aides, or parents) were present at any given time period...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906154/-factors-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-schoolchildren-from-8-to-9-years-old-barcelona-spain
#3
Francesca Sánchez-Martínez, Peter Torres Capcha, Gemma Serral Cano, Sara Valmayor Safont, Conxa Castell Abat, Carles Ariza Cardenal
OBJECTIVE: Childhood overweight and obesity have increased progressively in the last decades, especially in countries of Southern Europe. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of overweight, obesity and its determinants in schoolchildren between 8-9 years old from Barcelona. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 3,262 schoolchildren in 2011. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated following the criteria established by the World Health Organization (z-scores)...
December 2, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906097/a-10-year-old-child-presenting-with-syndromic-paucity-of-bile-ducts-alagille-syndrome-a-case-report
#4
Girish Kumar Pati, Ayaskanta Singh, Preetam Nath, Jimmy Narayan, Pradeep Kumar Padhi, Prasanta Kumar Parida, Kaumudee Pattnaik, Chittaranjan Panda, Shivaram Prasad Singh
BACKGROUND: Alagille syndrome, a rare genetic disorder with autosomal dominant transmission, manifests with five major features: paucity of interlobular bile ducts, characteristic facies, posterior embryotoxon, vertebral defects, and peripheral pulmonary stenosis. Globally, only 500 cases have so far been reported, with only five cases reported in the Indian subcontinent. Rarely, Alagille syndrome also presents with skin manifestations and early-onset chronic liver disease, which was found in our case...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906088/folie-%C3%A3-deux-and-its-interaction-with-early-life-stress-a-case-report
#5
Alessandra Vargas Alves Nunes, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes, Talita Strano, Gilberto Pascolat, Gustavo Manoel Schier Doria, Mauricio Nasser Ehlke
BACKGROUND: Folie à deux is a very rare psychiatric syndrome in which a psychotic symptom is transmitted from one individual to another. We present a case of folie à deux occurring during childhood, which is not an usual presentation of this syndrome. In this case, the disorder is correlated with child abuse and neglect, which possibly had a role in the development of the symptoms in our case. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of folie à deux between an "induced" 9-year-old black Brazilian boy and the "inducer", his grandmother...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906021/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-adult-bochdalek-hernia-a-case-report
#6
Yu-Guang Shen, Na-Na Jiao, Wei Xiong, Quan Tang, Qing-Yong Cai, Gang Xu, Gui-You Liang
BACKGROUND: Bochdalek hernia is a type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia that typically presents in childhood, while this diseases is extremely rare in adults. CASE PRESENTATION: We review a case of a 63-year-old man with a left-sided Bochdalek hernia who was experiencing occasional pain at the left side of his chest for 8 months. The diagnosis of Bochdalek hernia was made by chest computed tomography. A part of the retroperitoneal adipose tissue was herniated into the left thoracic cavity through the diaphragmatic defect...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905907/addressing-asthma-and-obesity-in-children-with-community-health-workers-proof-of-concept-intervention-development
#7
Molly A Martin, Steven K Rothschild, Elizabeth Lynch, Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, Militza M Pagán, Jose Luis Rodriguez, Anna Barnes, Kelly Karavolos, Antonieta Diaz, Lucretia M Hoffman, Diana Plata, Sandra Villalpando
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to design and test the feasibility and impact of a community health worker (CHW) intervention for comorbid asthma and obesity. METHODS: Using a proof of concept study design, we collected pre/post outcomes from a single intervention cohort of urban low-income in a single community area. A community-based participatory research approach was employed. Forty-six children and their caregivers were recruited. Children were 5-12 years old with physician-diagnosed asthma and body mass index (BMI) > 85%...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905898/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-can-modulate-the-effect-of-the-pnpla3-variant-on-childhood-nafld-a-case-control-study-in-a-chinese-population
#8
Shuo Wang, Jieyun Song, Xiaorui Shang, Nitesh Chawla, Yide Yang, Xiangrui Meng, Haijun Wang, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: The patatin like phospholipase containing domain 3 gene (PNPLA3) rs738409 C > G polymorphism, one of the most important gene polymorphisms involved in hepatic steatosis, has been reported to interact with different nutrients and dietary patterns on Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), but no studies have focused on its interaction with physical activity or sedentary behavior. Therefore, this study aims at determining whether physical activity or sedentary behavior could modulate the effect of the PNPLA3 variant on childhood NAFLD...
December 1, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902749/risk-factors-associated-with-renal-involvement-in-childhood-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-a-meta-analysis
#9
Han Chan, Yan-Ling Tang, Xiao-Hang Lv, Gao-Fu Zhang, Mo Wang, Hai-Ping Yang, Qiu Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an important cause of chronic kidney disease in children. This meta-analysis identified risk factors associated with renal involvement in childhood HSP. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. The quality of all eligible studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale criteria. An analysis of possible risk factors was conducted to report the odds ratio (OR) and weighted mean difference (WMD)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900941/the-kidney-in-sickle-hemoglobinopathies%C3%A2
#10
Medha Airy, Garabed Eknoyan
With improvements in the care of patients with sickle hemoglobinopathies, sickle cell disease (SCD) has evolved from a disease that was fatal in childhood into one in which most survive past their 5th decade and some into old age. As a result, the renal complications of sickle hemoglobinopathies, which are age dependent, have emerged as a common and serious complication of SCD. Approximately 14 - 18% of mortality in SCD is attributed to chronic kidney disease (CKD), which develops in 1/3 of individuals with SCD and progresses to end-stage renal disease in 4 - 18% of them...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899143/presymptomatic-diagnosis-of-fabry-s-disease-a-case-report
#11
Rasmus Bo Hasselbalch, Per Lav Madsen, Henning Bundgaard, Juliane Theilade
BACKGROUND: Fabry's disease is a rare X-linked genetic disorder characterized by reduced levels of the α-galactosidase A enzyme. It may present with a cardiac phenotype resembling hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. However, as a specific enzyme replacement therapy is available, it remains an important differential diagnoses in patients presenting with cardiac hypertrophy. In boys, onset has been reported in early childhood with complaints initially comprising neuropathic pain, reduced sweat production, and gastrointestinal symptoms...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895519/portal-hypertension-an-uncommon-clinical-manifestation-of-takayasu-arteritis-in-a-9-year-old-child
#12
Cristina N Herrera, Javier E Tomala-Haz
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is the third most common childhood vasculitis and its clinical manifestations depend on the arteries involved. We report a case of a 9-year-old boy with multiple aneurysms in carotid and iliac arteries, subclavian and coronary arteries, and abdominal aorta. At the age of 7 years, he presented with recurrent fever and hepatosplenomegaly. An angio-computed tomography scan showed aneurysms in the left subclavian artery, abdominal aorta, and both proximal iliac arteries. He was diagnosed with TA and was treated with corticosteroids, aspirin, and enalapril...
2016: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895411/reoperation-in-an-adult-female-with-right-sided-hirschsprung-s-disease-complicated-by-refractory-hypertension-and-cough
#13
Zhi-Jian Wei, Lei Huang, A-Man Xu
Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is an intestinal malformation caused by the innate absence of ganglion cells in the neural plexus of the colorectal wall, and is most common in male infants. It is rare in adult, and is usually left-sided. Herein we reported based on the CARE guidelines a case of a 47-year-old adult female suffering from "right-sided" HD complicated by refractory hypertension and cough. The patient with a history of cesarean section and with digestive unfitness (abdominal pain, distention, and constipation) only since 20 years old had recurrence of HD after initial surgery due to the incomplete removal of the HD-affected bowel based on a diagnosis of "chronic ileus", leading to the relapse of the digestive symptoms and the emergence of some intractable circulatory and respiratory complications which could be hardly controlled by conservative treatment...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887654/proportion-of-children-meeting-recommendations-for-24-hour-movement-guidelines-and-associations-with-adiposity-in-a-12-country-study
#14
Blanca Roman-Viñas, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The Canadian 24-h movement guidelines were developed with the hope of improving health and future health outcomes in children and youth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate adherence to the 3 recommendations most strongly associated with health outcomes in new 24-h movement guidelines and their relationship with adiposity (obesity and body mass index z-score) across countries participating in the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE)...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885669/occult-adrenocortical-carcinoma-and-unexpected-early-childhood-death
#15
Mark Pilla, John Gilbert, Lynette Moore, Roger W Byard
A four-year-old previously well boy collapsed unexpectedly and was taken immediately to hospital, where he developed seizures and cardiogenic shock with lethal, rapidly progressing multi-organ failure. At autopsy, the height was >90th percentile and there were indications of early virilization. Internally, a friable tumor of the left adrenal gland was identified that had invaded the left renal vein and inferior vena cava. Histology revealed typical features of an adrenocortical carcinoma with aggregated trabeculae of cells containing abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and large pleomorphic nuclei...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884404/exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-thyroid-function-in-pregnant-women-and-children-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiologic-studies
#16
REVIEW
Virginia Ballesteros, Olga Costa, Carmen Iñiguez, Tony Fletcher, Ferran Ballester, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid hormones (THs) are especially important for brain maturation and development during the fetal period and childhood. Several epidemiological studies have assessed the possible association between exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and thyroid outcomes during the early stages of life. We aimed to review this evidence. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review in compliance with the PRISMA Statement (search conducted in PubMed and Embase, as well as in the citations of the selected articles)...
November 21, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883278/a-genetic-link-between-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-postpartum-weight-retention-and-offspring-weight-in-early-childhood
#17
Aihua Li, Koon K Teo, Katherine M Morrison, Sarah D McDonald, Stephanie A Atkinson, Sonia S Anand, David Meyre
OBJECTIVE: The effects of maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on maternal and offspring obesity traits, as well as the maternal and offspring genetic contribution to GWG and postpartum weight retention, were examined. METHODS: Blood samples from mothers (n = 608) and offspring (n = 541) were genotyped for 83 BMI-associated SNPs and 47 waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)-associated SNPs. Linear regression and mixed-effects regression models were performed to examine clinical epidemiological and genetic associations with unweighted and weighted BMI and WHR genetic risk scores (GRS)...
November 24, 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883189/family-correlates-of-false-belief-understanding-in-early-childhood-a-meta-analysis
#18
Rory T Devine, Claire Hughes
This meta-analysis seeks to integrate findings from 25 years of research on family correlates of young children's false belief understanding (FBU). Using data from 93 studies of 3- to 7-year-old children, we examined the correlations between FBU and four of the most widely studied family factors: parental socioeconomic status, number of siblings, parental mental-state talk, and mind-mindedness. FBU exhibited modest associations with each family variable and these associations held even when individual differences in verbal ability were taken into account...
November 24, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881845/prevalence-of-overweight-and-malnutrition-among-ethnic-minority-children-and-adolescents-in-china-1991-2010
#19
Sifan Guo, Chunhua Zhao, Qinghua Ma, Hong-Peng Sun, Chen-Wei Pan
This study aimed to determine the trends in prevalence of childhood overweight and malnutrition in a large Chinese ethnic minority population from 1991 to 2010. In the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health from 1991 to 2010, multistage stratified sampling was conducted in the series of cross-sectional studies. Participants were 7-18-year-old students randomly selected by sex and region, and included Han and 26 ethnic minorities. During the survey period, the overall prevalence of overweight increased from 5...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881825/effects-of-a-gut-pathobiont-in-a-gnotobiotic-mouse-model-of-childhood-undernutrition
#20
Vitas E Wagner, Neelendu Dey, Janaki Guruge, Ansel Hsiao, Philip P Ahern, Nicholas P Semenkovich, Laura V Blanton, Jiye Cheng, Nicholas Griffin, Thaddeus S Stappenbeck, Olga Ilkayeva, Christopher B Newgard, William Petri, Rashidul Haque, Tahmeed Ahmed, Jeffrey I Gordon
To model how interactions among enteropathogens and gut microbial community members contribute to undernutrition, we colonized gnotobiotic mice fed representative Bangladeshi diets with sequenced bacterial strains cultured from the fecal microbiota of two 24-month-old Bangladeshi children: one healthy and the other underweight. The undernourished donor's bacterial collection contained an enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis strain (ETBF), whereas the healthy donor's bacterial collection contained two nontoxigenic strains of B...
November 23, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
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