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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528005/attentional-load-of-walking-in-children-aged-7-12-and-in-adults
#1
Guillaume Chauvel, Estelle Palluel, Arthur Brandao, Guillaume Barbieri, Vincent Nougier, Isabelle Olivier
The amount of attentional resources necessary to walk in children, and how they evolve during childhood remains unclear. This study examined children's gait parameters in different dual-task conditions. 53 children, divided into two age groups (7-9 and 10-12 years old), and 18 adults walked on a mat in three different cognitive conditions: watching a video (video condition), listening its soundtrack (audio condition), and without any additional task (control condition). Questions were asked at the end of the video and audio conditions to make sure that participants were paying attention to the stimuli...
May 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527986/the-temporal-and-spatial-brain-dynamics-of-automatic-emotion-regulation-in-children
#2
Charline Urbain, Julie Sato, Elizabeth W Pang, Margot J Taylor
Mechanisms for automatic emotion regulation (AER) are essential during childhood as they offset the impact of unwanted or negative emotional responses without drawing on limited attentional resources. Despite the importance of AER in improving the efficiency and flexibility of self-regulation, few research studies have investigated the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms. To fill this gap, we used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investigate AER-related brain processes in 25 children (∼10 years old) who performed a go/no-go task that included an incidental exposure to faces containing socio-emotional cues...
May 17, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525800/what-is-the-association-between-healthy-weight-in-4-5-year-old-children-and-spatial-access-to-purposefully-constructed-play-areas
#3
Robin Poole, Graham Moon
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a global issue. Understanding associated factors is essential in designing interventions to reduce its prevalence. There are knowledge gaps concerning the leptogenic potential of play areas for very young children and particularly whether there is an association between levels of childhood obesity and play area quality. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted to investigate whether spatial access to play areas had an association with healthy weight status of 4-5-year-old children...
May 15, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525458/unusual-presentation-of-relapse-in-neuroblastoma-pancreatic-metastases-detected-by-123i-mibg-scintigraphy
#4
Maria Felicia Villani, Maria Luisa D'Andrea, Aurora Castellano, Milena Pizzoferro, Maria Carmen Garganese
Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid tumor in children and accounts for 8% to 10% of all childhood cancers. The spread of metastases is both lymphatic and hematogenous. Hematogenous route occurs most commonly in bone marrow and cortical bone; pancreatic metastases are very rare, and there are few reports about this topic in medical literature. We report the case of a 14-year-old boy who suffers a third relapse of neuroblastoma: in this patient I-MIBG confirms that lesions detected by CT were due to a relapse in pancreatic tissue and influenced subsequent therapeutic management...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524129/-penetrating-orbitocranial-injury-a-review-of-the-literature-and-a-case-report-of-injury-by-a-watercolor-brush-in-a-3-year-old-child
#5
D A Rzaev, V E Danilin, G V Letyagin, T K Istomina, N V Chishchina
We present a rare case of orbitocranial penetrating injury by a watercolor brush in a 3-year-old child. Injuries of this localization can affect important orbital structures (eyeball, blood vessels, nerves, muscles) and cause severe intracranial damages. In some cases, diagnosis of these injuries in children may be difficult due to the lack of marked clinical manifestations. The presented clinical case illustrates the approaches for choosing methods for diagnosis of injury in childhood and subsequent treatment options...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524064/longitudinal-melanonychia-in-childhood-a-clinical-and-histopathological-review-of-korean-patients
#6
Min Kyung Lee, Suk Bae Seo, Ji Yun Jung, Yo Sup Shin, Eun Byul Cho, Eun Joo Park, Kwang Ho Kim, Kwang Joong Kim
Longitudinal melanonychia is not frequently observed in children, and few studies exist on longitudinal melanonychia in paediatric patients, especially in Asian populations. We aimed to evaluate the clinical and histological findings of longitudinal melanonychia in Korean paediatric patients. A retrospective review of paediatric patients (≤18 years old) with longitudinal melanonychia who underwent nail biopsy between January 2010 and October 2015 was performed. Of a total of 21 patients with longitudinal melanonychia, there were 10 cases of functional melanonychia, eight of lentigo, and three of nevus, as determined by microscopic examination...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523849/validation-of-a-parent-reported-diagnostic-instrument-in-a-u-s-referral-population-the-childhood-eczema-questionnaire
#7
Sabra Leitenberger, Tamar Hajar, Eric L Simpson, Laura von Kobyletzki, Jon M Hanifin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of validated tools for diagnosing atopic dermatitis (AD) in very young children that do not rely on clinical evaluation. The Childhood Eczema Questionnaire (CEQ)-a diagnostic tool for AD in children younger than 2 years that a caretaker can complete-was recently validated in Sweden. The objective of this study was to validate the tool in a U.S. POPULATION: As a substudy, we added an additional question that was independently assessed...
May 19, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523738/using-a-group-centered-approach-to-observe-interactions-in-early-childhood-education
#8
Saskia D M van Schaik, Paul P M Leseman, Mariëtte de Haan
This study examined the value of using a group-centered approach to evaluate process quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC). Is observed support of group processes a different aspect of classroom quality, and does it predict children's collaborative play in ECEC in the Netherlands? In two play situations, 37 teachers and 120 two- to four-year-old children were observed with the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) Toddler and two new measures. In a two-level structural equation model, teachers' support of group processes was positively related to the CLASS domains and to children's collaborative play, over and above the effect of children's cognitive ability and social competence...
May 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521810/estimation-of-the-burden-of-varicella-in-europe-before-the-introduction-of-universal-childhood-immunization
#9
Margarita Riera-Montes, Kaatje Bollaerts, Ulrich Heininger, Niel Hens, Giovanni Gabutti, Angel Gil, Bayad Nozad, Grazina Mirinaviciute, Elmira Flem, Audrey Souverain, Thomas Verstraeten, Susanne Hartwig
BACKGROUND: Varicella is generally considered a mild disease. Disease burden is not well known and country-level estimation is challenging. As varicella disease is not notifiable, notification criteria and rates vary between countries. In general, existing surveillance systems do not capture cases that do not seek medical care, and most are affected by underreporting and underascertainment. We aimed to estimate the overall varicella disease burden in Europe to provide critical information to support decision-making regarding varicella vaccination...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521624/early-life-socioeconomic-status-and-adult-physiological-functioning-a-life-course-examination-of-biosocial-mechanisms
#10
Yang Claire Yang, Karen Gerken, Kristen Schorpp, Courtney Boen, Kathleen Mullan Harris
A growing literature has demonstrated a link between early-life socioeconomic conditions and adult health at a singular point in life. No research exists, however, that specifies the life course patterns of socioeconomic status (SES) in relation to the underlying biological processes that determine health. Using an innovative life course research design consisting of four nationally representative longitudinal datasets that collectively cover the human life span from early adolescence to old age (Add Health, MIDUS, NSHAP, and HRS), we address this scientific gap and assess how SES pathways from childhood into adulthood are associated with biophysiological outcomes in different adult life stages...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521317/mechanisms-of-tolerance-induction
#11
Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn, Pantipa Chatchatee
Food allergy results from failure in oral tolerance that usually occurs in infancy or early childhood. Exposure to peanut and hen's egg via the inflamed and disrupted epithelial barrier in children with severe atopic dermatitis is a risk factor for the development of allergy to these foods and supports the hypothesis that epicutaneous exposure in the absence of oral feeding is an important pathway of allergic IgE sensitization in infants. In recent years, the collective evidence has pointed toward the protective effect of an early feeding with peanut and egg in children with eczema, taking advantage of the pathways underlying oral tolerance to counteract epicutaneous exposure...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516781/patterns-variability-and-predictors-of-urinary-triclosan-concentrations-during-pregnancy-and-childhood
#12
Shaina L Stacy, Melissa Eliot, Taylor Etzel, George D Papandonatos, Antonia M Calafat, Aimin Chen, Russ Hauser, Bruce P Lanphear, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Xiaoyun Ye, Kimberly Yolton, Joseph M Braun
Exposure to triclosan, an antimicrobial used in many consumer products, is ubiquitous in the United States, yet only limited data are available on the predictors and variability of exposure, particularly in children. We examined the patterns, variability, and predictors of urinary triclosan concentrations in 389 mother-child pairs enrolled in the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment Study from 2003-2006. We quantified triclosan in three urine samples collected from women between 16 weeks of pregnancy and birth, and six urine samples collected from children between 1-8 years of age...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516496/the-impact-of-childhood-obesity-on-health-and-health-service-use
#13
Jonas Minet Kinge, Stephen Morris
OBJECTIVE: To test the impact of obesity on health and health care use in children, by the use of various methods to account for reverse causality and omitted variables. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Fifteen rounds of the Health Survey for England (1998-2013), which is representative of children and adolescents in England. STUDY DESIGN: We use three methods to account for reverse causality and omitted variables in the relationship between BMI and health/health service use: regression with individual, parent, and household control variables; sibling fixed effects; and instrumental variables based on genetic variation in weight...
May 17, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514997/the-prevalence-of-food-allergy-and-other-allergic-diseases-in-early-childhood-in-a-population-based-study-healthnuts-age-4-year-follow-up
#14
Rachel L Peters, Jennifer J Koplin, Lyle C Gurrin, Shyamali C Dharmage, Melissa Wake, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Mimi L K Tang, Adrian J Lowe, Melanie Matheson, Terence Dwyer, Katrina J Allen
BACKGROUND: The HealthNuts study previously reported interim prevalence data showing the highest prevalence of challenge-confirmed food allergy in infants internationally. However, population-derived prevalence data on challenge-confirmed food allergy and other allergic diseases in preschool-aged children remain sparse. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to report the updated prevalence of food allergy at age 1 year from the whole cohort, and to report the prevalence of food allergy, asthma, eczema, and allergic rhinitis at age 4 years...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514517/early-childhood-caries-and-psychological-perceptions-on-child-s-oral-health-increase-the-feeling-of-guilt-in-parents-an-epidemiological-survey
#15
Thiago Saads Carvalho, Jenny Abanto, Elayne Cristina Morais Pinheiro, Adrian Lussi, Marcelo Bönecker
AIM: To assess whether parents feel guilty for their children's oral problems, associating this feeling with socio-economic, demographic, and psychological factors. DESIGN: We included 1313 parent-and-child pairs in this study. The children were 2-4 years old. Parents answered questionnaires on socio-economic and demographic data, and on psychological variables. Sixteen trained dentists (κ > 0.8) examined the children for oral hygiene (the presence and absence of plaque), early childhood caries (ECC; no caries, low and high severity), malocclusion (the presence and absence), and traumatic dental injuries (TDI; the presence and absence)...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512628/dysplasia-of-granulocytes-in-a-patient-with-hpv-disease-recurrent-infections-and-b-lymphopenia-a-novel-variant-of-whim-syndrome
#16
Giusella M F Moscato, Erica Giacobbi, Lucia Anemona, Silvia Di Cesare, Gigliola Di Matteo, Massimo Andreoni, Alessandro Mauriello, Viviana Moschese
WHIM syndrome is a condition in which affected persons have chronic peripheral neutropenia, lymphopenia, abnormal susceptibility to human papilloma virus infection, and myelokathexis. Myelokathexis refers to the retention of mature neutrophils in the bone marrow (BM), which accounts for degenerative changes and hypersegmentation. Most patients present heterozygous autosomal dominant mutations of the gene encoding CXCR4. Consequently, aberrant CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling impairs the receptor downregulation causing hyperactivation (gain-of-function) that affects BM homing for myelopoiesis and lymphopoiesis and the release of neutrophils in the bloodstream...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512402/unilateral-linear-punctate-palmoplantar-keratoderma-a-case-report
#17
Chanisa Kiatsurayanon, Jinda Rojanamatin, Poonawis Sudtikoonaseth, Kowit Kampirapap, Mingkwan Wichaidit, François Niyonsaba
Punctate palmoplantar keratoderma (PPPK) is a rare entity with an estimated prevalence rate of 1.17/100,000. PPPK usually presents with bilateral asymptomatic, tiny, hyperkeratotic punctate papules and plaques on the palmoplantar surface. Among the PPPK varieties, the linear presentation is much rarer, and so far there have been only 3 case reports. Here, we report the case of a 27-year-old female Thai patient who presented to our outpatient clinic with unilateral asymptomatic linear thickening lesions on her right sole since childhood...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511079/psychosocial-stress-and-obesity-among-children-residing-in-kaunas-city
#18
Regina Grazuleviciene, Inga Petraviciene, Sandra Andrusaityte, Birute Balseviciene
INTRODUCTION: An unfavorable psychosocial environment has been associated with an increased prevalence of obesity among children. However, the available evidence on the association of low socioeconomic status and parent-child relationships with childhood obesity is scarce. The aim of our study was to conduct a simultaneous evaluation of the risks associated with pathological mother-child relationships, education level, and overweight/obesity among 4-6 year-old children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1489 mother-child pairs living in Kaunas city, Lithuania...
May 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508675/serious-mental-illness-among-young-adult-women-who-use-drugs-in-the-club-scene-co-occurring-biopsychosocial-factors
#19
Maayan Lawental, Hilary L Surratt, Mance E Buttram, Steven P Kurtz
Young women who regularly attend nightclubs are at risk for numerous health and social consequences, including mental distress, sexual and physical victimization and substance dependence. This paper uses a biopsychosocial framework to examine co-occurring mental health problems, victimization, substance dependence, sexual risk and physical pain among a sample of young women who use drugs (N = 222) in Miami's club scene. The majority of women were under 24 years old, Hispanic, and identified as heterosexual...
May 16, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506448/the-differential-effects-of-changes-in-individual-macronutrient-intake-on-changes-in-lipid-concentrations-during-childhood-from-the-ewha-birth-growth-cohort
#20
Hye Ah Lee, Hyo Jeong Hwang, Se Young Oh, Eun Ae Park, Su Jin Cho, Hae Soon Kim, Hyesook Park
BACKGROUND & AIMS: High carbohydrate or fat intake is responsible for abnormal lipid concentrations in adults, but few studies of children have been reported. Using data from a Korean children's cohort study, we assessed the association between macronutrient intake and lipid profile with a longitudinal association during a 4-year follow-up. METHODS: Using 2 days of 24-h dietary data obtained at 3 (n = 323) and 7 (n = 292) years old from the Ewha Birth & Growth Cohort, we calculated changes (n = 103) in macronutrient intake in terms of energy-adjusted intake and percent total energy for nutrients...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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