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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227581/a-novel-system-to-tackle-hospital-acquired-pressure-ulcers
#1
B S Renganathan, S P Preejith, Sridhar Nagaiyan, Jayaraj Joseph, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam, B S Renganathan, S P Preejith, Sridhar Nagaiyan, Jayaraj Joseph, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam, S P Preejith, B S Renganathan, Sridhar Nagaiyan, Jayaraj Joseph, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam
Hospital acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) is a major problem that affects around one in twenty patients who are admitted in hospital with sudden illness. These ulcers often occur when patients have limited mobility and cannot change positions in bed on their own. Traditionally, the occurrence of HAPUs has been minimized by turning the patient every 2 hours to alternating lateral and supine positions, and by using pressure redistributing mattresses. In many healthcare facilities, such a patient repositioning schedule is not always maintained owing to low caregiver compliance to turning protocols...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227352/in-bed-posture-classification-using-deep-autoencoders
#2
Mehrdad Heydarzadeh, Mehrdad Nourani, Sarah Ostadabbas, Mehrdad Heydarzadeh, Mehrdad Nourani, Sarah Ostadabbas, Sarah Ostadabbas, Mehrdad Nourani, Mehrdad Heydarzadeh
Pressure ulcers are high prevalence complications among bed-bound patients which are not only extremely painful and difficult to treat, but also impose a great burden in our health-care system. We target automatic posture detection which is a key module in all pressure ulcer monitoring platforms. Using data collected from a commercially-available pressure mapping system, we applied deep neural networks to automatically classify in-bed posture using features extracted from the histogram of gradient technique...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227306/detection-of-motion-and-posture-change-using-an-ir-uwb-radar
#3
Van Nguyen, Abdul Q Javaid, Mary A Weitnauer, Van Nguyen, Abdul Q Javaid, Mary A Weitnauer, Abdul Q Javaid, Mary A Weitnauer, Van Nguyen
Impulse radio ultra-wide band (IR-UWB) radar has recently emerged as a promising candidate for non-contact monitoring of respiration and heart rate. Different studies have reported various radar based algorithms for estimation of these physiological parameters. The radar can be placed under a subject's mattress as he lays stationary on his back or it can be attached to the ceiling directly above the subject's bed. However, advertent or inadvertent movement on part of the subject and different postures can affect the radar returned signal and also the accuracy of the estimated parameters from it...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226977/establishment-of-a-measurement-method-for-in-shoe-pressure-and-shear-stress-in-specific-regions-for-diabetic-ulcer-prevention
#4
Ayumi Amemiya, Hiroshi Noguchi, Makoto Oe, Hiromi Sanada, Taketoshi Mori, Ayumi Amemiya, Hiroshi Noguchi, Makoto Oe, Hiromi Sanada, Taketoshi Mori, Makoto Oe, Ayumi Amemiya, Hiromi Sanada, Hiroshi Noguchi, Taketoshi Mori
Pressure and shear stress are the factors of diabetic foot ulcers and callus formation. However, in-shoe shear stress of callus measurement could not have been measured because of technical difficulties. The purpose of this study is to verify reliability and validity of the established measurement system for in-shoe pressure and shear stress. For reliability, coefficients of variation (CV) and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were confirmed. For known-groups validity, callus and non-callus feet were compared...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226763/detection-of-diabetic-foot-hyperthermia-by-using-a-regionalization-method-based-on-the-plantar-angiosomes-on-infrared-images
#5
Y Liu, A Polo, M Zequera, R Harba, R Canals, L Vilcahuaman, Y Bello, Y Liu, A Polo, M Zequera, R Harba, R Canals, L Vilcahuaman, Y Bello, A Polo, M Zequera, Y Liu, Y Bello, R Canals, L Vilcahuaman, R Harba
Prevention of serious diabetic foot complication like ulceration or infection is an important issue. As the development of thermal graphic technologies, foot temperature-guided avoidance therapy has been recommended. Doctors from Hospital National Dos de Mayo are studying on the risk of the diabetic foot passing from Grade 0 to Grade 1 in the Wagner Scale. This risk to develop ulcers is related to the temperature difference of corresponding area between left and right foot. Generally speaking, the diabetic foot with greater mean temperature difference has more potential to develop ulcers; especially, area whose temperature difference of more than 2...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226762/the-use-of-a-thermal-camera-and-eulerian-enhancement-in-the-examination-of-pedal-pulse-and-microvascular-health
#6
Stephanie L Bennett, Rafik A Goubran, Brendan Bennett, Rebecca A Bennett, Frank Knoefel, Stephanie L Bennett, Rafik A Goubran, Brendan Bennett, Rebecca A Bennett, Frank Knoefel, Stephanie L Bennett, Rafik A Goubran, Brendan Bennett, Rebecca A Bennett, Frank Knoefel
Early detection of impaired blood flow and microvascular functioning is important to prevent ulceration in diabetic patients. This paper aims to first determine if thermal video in conjunction with Eulerian Video Magnification (EVM) can be used to find the pedal pulse rate, and reveal patterns indicative of the foot's microvascular health. Thermal video was captured of a healthy adult's foot while a Doppler ultrasound captured pedal pulse. Another thermal video was captured of a patient's heels. These videos were subjected to EVM, areas of interest were defined and the mean intensity signal was calculated temporally, within each defined area...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226566/quantifying-the-human-robot-interaction-forces-between-a-lower-limb-exoskeleton-and-healthy-users
#7
Ashish Rathore, Matthew Wilcox, Dafne Zuleima Morgado Ramirez, Rui Loureiro, Tom Carlson, Ashish Rathore, Matthew Wilcox, Dafne Zuleima Morgado Ramirez, Rui Loureiro, Tom Carlson, Rui Loureiro, Matthew Wilcox, Ashish Rathore, Tom Carlson, Dafne Zuleima Morgado Ramirez
To counter the many disadvantages of prolonged wheelchair use, patients with spinal cord injuries (SCI) are beginning to turn towards robotic exoskeletons. However, we are currently unaware of the magnitude and distribution of forces acting between the user and the exoskeleton. This is a critical issue, as SCI patients have an increased susceptibility to skin lesions and pressure ulcer development. Therefore, we developed a real-time force measuring apparatus, which was placed at the physical human-robot interface (pHRI) of a lower limb robotic exoskeleton...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226054/patient-safety-in-nursing-paths-in-brazil
#8
Andréa Tayse de Lima Gomes, Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador, Cláudia Cristiane Filgueira Martins Rodrigues, Micheline da Fonseca Silva, Larissa de Lima Ferreira, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos
Objective: summarize the dissertations and theses produced by nurses available in the Catalog of Theses and Dissertations of the Brazilian Nursing Association, from volume XIX to XXXII, that address patient safety. Method: this is a documentary study. After data collection, the following variables were analyzed: academic level, educational institutions, year, place, type of service, study object, study method, subjects, priority protocol of patient safety, implications and final recommendations...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225969/exuberant-pyoderma-gangrenosum-in-a-patient-with-autoimmune-hepatitis
#9
Stephanie Galiza Dantas, Leonardo Pereira Quintella, Nurimar Conceição Fernandes
Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare neutrophilic dermatosis, which usually presents as ulcers with erythematous-violaceous undermined edges and a rough base with purulent or sanguinous exudate. It can be primary or associated with an underlying disease. However, rare cases of its association with autoimmune hepatitis have been described in the literature. Diagnosis is based on a characteristic clinical picture and ruling out other causes of ulcers. This paper aims to discuss the management of corticosteroid therapy and the importance of local treatment...
January 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225968/atypical-cellular-blue-nevus-or-malignant-blue-nevus
#10
Luise Ribeiro Daltro, Lygia Bertalha Yaegashi, Rodrigo Abdalah Freitas, Bruno de Carvalho Fantini, Cacilda da Silva Souza
Blue nevus is a benign melanocytic lesion whose most frequent variants are dendritic (common) blue nevus and cellular blue nevus. Atypical cellular blue nevus presents an intermediate histopathology between the typical and a rare variant of malignant blue nevus/melanoma arising in a cellular blue nevus. An 8-year-old child presented a pigmented lesion in the buttock since birth, but with progressive growth in the last two years. After surgical excision, histopathological examination revealed atypical cellular blue nevus...
January 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225958/recurrence-rate-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-with-positive-histopathological-margins-and-related-risk-factors
#11
Fernanda Lara, Jesus Rodriguez Santamaría, Luiz Eduardo Fabricio de Melo Garbers
BACKGROUND: The best way to approach surgically removed basal cell carcinoma with positive histopathological margins is a controversial issue. Some authors believe that the more appropriate treatment is an immediate reoperation while others prefer a periodic follow up. The rates of recurrence are variable in literature, between 10% and 67%. OBJECTIVE: To define the recurrence rate of basal cell carcinoma with positive margins after surgery. Secondarily, identify morphological aspects that can suggest a more frequent tumoral recurrence...
January 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225874/experimental-burns-comparison-between-silver-sulfadiazine-and-photobiomodulation
#12
Mariana Teixeira Gomes, Gabriela Russo Soeiro Campos, Natália Piccolo, Cristiane Miranda França, Guelton Hirano Guedes, Fabio Lopes, Renata A Belotto, Christiane Pavani, Rafael do Nascimento de Lima, Daniela de Fátima Teixeira da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To analyze morphological characteristics and organization of the collagen fibers of third degree burns from scalding compared to laser therapy and silver sulfadiazine, the latter considered as the gold standard. METHOD: Were selected 12 animals (Rattus norvegicus) also divided into three groups (control group [CG] - untreated burns; sulfadiazine group [SG] - burns were treated with silver sulfadiazine at 1%; laser group [LG] - burns were treated with photobiomodulation)...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225873/alert-for-bone-alterations-and-low-serum-concentrations-of-vitamin-d-in-patients-with-intestinal-inflammatory-disease
#13
Lorete Maria da Silva Kotze, Carolina Tabata Costa, Murilo Franco Cavassani, Renato Mitsunori Nisihara
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are characterized by chronic inflammation of the intestine that can reduce the absorption of nutrients such as vitamin D and calcium. OBJECTIVE: To investigate bone alterations and serum levels of vitamin D in patients with IBD. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study based on a review of medical records of patients from a private office in Curitiba, PR, Brazil...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225711/reactive-oxygen-therapy-a-novel-therapy-in-soft-tissue-infection
#14
Matthew Dryden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The global burden of disease in skin and soft tissue lesions is enormous. Many chronic, poorly healing lesions get treated with antibiotics despite the lack of evidence for long-term antibiotics. There is a global antibiotic resistance crisis driven largely by inappropriate use of large volumes of antibiotics. One solution is to reduce the selection pressure on bacteria by reducing the volume of antibiotic use in medicine, agriculture and the environment. There are few novel antimicrobials...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225669/mr-enterography-assessment-of-bowel-inflammation-severity-in-crohn-disease-using-the-mr-index-of-activity-score-modifying-roles-of-dwi-and-effects-of-contrast-phases
#15
Jin Sil Kim, Hye Young Jang, Seong Ho Park, Kyung-Jo Kim, Kyunghwa Han, Suk-Kyun Yang, Byong Duk Ye, Sang Hyoung Park, Jong Seok Lee, Hyun Jin Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to appraise the use of the MR index of activity (MaRIA) score in evaluating Crohn disease (CD) on present-day MR enterography images, with an emphasis on determining the modifying roles of DWI and the effects of different contrast enhancement phases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients prospectively underwent MR enterography, including DWI and enteric and portal phase scans, and ileocolonoscopy with segmental CD endoscopic index of severity (CDEIS) scoring within a week...
February 22, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225647/early-experience-with-single-incision-laparoscopic-total-abdominal-colectomy-in-children
#16
Cristen N Litz, Paul D Danielson, Nicole M Chandler
PURPOSE: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery for pediatric colorectal disease has been shown to be feasible and safe; however, the literature is scarce regarding the outcomes of single-incision laparoscopic total abdominal colectomy (SIL-TAC) in the pediatric population. The purpose of this pilot study was to review our initial experience and outcomes with SIL-TAC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent SIL-TAC from 2013 to 2015 was performed...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225404/pressure-ulcers-get-new-terminology-and-staging-definitions
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225291/-a-contribution-to-the-differential-diagnostics-of-sclerosing-cholangitides
#18
Martin Blaho, Petr Dítě, Martina Bojková, Martin Rydlo, Tomáš Kupka, Pavel Svoboda, Pavel Klvaňa, Arnošt Martínek
Sclerosing cholangitides represent a group of chronic biliary obstructive diseases which include primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), IgG4 associated sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) and secondary sclerosing cholangitis (SSC). The manifestations of the diseases are similar, but their asymptomatic course is also frequent. IgG4-SC belongs to the group of IgG4 associated diseases and it is the most frequently related to type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis. Diagnosing of IgG4-SC is based on typical histopathological images, shape changes revealed by diagnostic imaging, serological tests, concurrent impairment of other organs and response to therapy, where IgG4-SC responds well to treatment with corticoids, whereas the only possibility for the remaining units is endoscopic intervention or liver transplantation...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225152/topical-phenytoin-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#19
REVIEW
Xiang Yong Hao, Hong Ling Li, He Su, Hui Cai, Tian Kang Guo, Ruifeng Liu, Lei Jiang, Yan Fei Shen
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are common in clinical practice and pose a significant health problem worldwide. Apart from causing suffering to patients, they also result in longer hospital stays and increase the cost of health care. A variety of methods are used for treating pressure ulcers, including pressure relief, patient repositioning, biophysical strategies, nutritional supplementation, debridement, topical negative pressure, and local treatments including dressings, ointments and creams such as bacitracin, silver sulphadiazine, neomycin, and phenytoin...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224724/economic-and-social-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-low-income-country-a-case-control-study-in-sudan
#20
Hind Elrayah-Eliadarous, Claes-Göran Östensson, Mohamed Eltom, Pia Johansson, Vibeke Sparring, Rolf Wahlström
AIMS: Diabetes mellitus accounts for 11% of total health expenditures worldwide, and the majority of all persons with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries. This study examined the economic and social impact attributed to diabetes in Sudan by calculating out-of-pocket medical expenditures and the health and social impact of the disease for persons with diabetes (n = 375) and their families, compared to a non-diabetic control group (n = 375), matched for age, sex and residence area...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
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