keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

respiratory compromise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164294/a-novel-technique-of-paravertebral-thoracic-and-preperitoneal-analgesia-enhances-early-recovery-after-oesophagectomy
#1
Stephanie Phillips, Jasmina Dedic-Hagan, d'Arcy Ferris Baxter, H Van der Wall, G L Falk
BACKGROUND: Excellent analgesia following oesophagectomy facilitates patient comfort, early extubation, physiotherapy and mobilisation, reduces post-operative complications and should enhance recovery. Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA), the gold standard analgesic regimen for this procedure, is often associated with systemic hypotension treated with inotropes or fluid. This may compromise enhanced recovery and be complicated by anastomotic ischaemia or tissue oedema. METHODS: We report a novel analgesic regimen to reduce post-operative inotrope usage...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162121/the-involvement-of-musculoskeletal-system-and-its-influence-on-postural-stability-in-children-and-young-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#2
Ozge Kenis-Coskun, Evrim Karadag-Saygi, Yeliz Bahar-Ozdemir, Yasemin Gokdemir, Bulent Karadag, Onder Kayhan
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) affects the musculoskeletal system via a multifactorial pathway that includes vitamin D deficiency and involvement of respiratory muscles such as intercostals due to recurrent upper and lower respiratory tract infections. Eventual result is the deterioration of musculoskeletal health and posture in CF patients. Postural stability is directly affected by posture and can be compromised in every musculoskeletal problem. The aim of this study is to evaluate musculoskeletal system and postural stability in patients with CF...
November 21, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160375/comparative-study-of-respiratory-muscle-strength-in-women-undergoing-conventional-and-single-port-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#3
Marisa de Carvalho Borges, Tharsus Dias Takeuti, Júverson Alves Terra, Alex Augusto da Silva, Eduardo Crema
PURPOSE: To evaluate respiratory muscle strength (PImax and PEmax) before and 24 and 48 h after conventional and single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Forty women with symptomatic cholelithiasis (18 to 70 years) participated in the study. The patients were divided into two groups: 21 patients undergoing conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 19 patients undergoing single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Differences were considered to be significant when p<0...
October 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154592/college-females-with-maltreatment-histories-have-atypical-autonomic-regulation-and-poor-psychological-wellbeing
#4
Lourdes P Dale, Samia K Shaikh, Laura C Fasciano, Vanessa D Watorek, Keri J Heilman, Stephen W Porges
OBJECTIVES: This study uniquely examined the impact of maltreatment (without a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) on physiological responses to a physical and an emotional stressor. The study sample was composed exclusively of women, because men may differ in maltreatment experience and neural regulation of physiological reactivity. METHOD: Participants were 60 female college students. A significant proportion of the participants reported experiencing childhood maltreatment without a history of PTSD...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149860/anaphylactic-shock-with-methylprednisolone-sodium-succinate-in-a-child-with-short-bowel-syndrome-and-cow-s-milk-allergy
#5
Federica Porcaro, Maria Giovanna Paglietti, Antonella Diamanti, Francesca Petreschi, Alessandra Schiavino, Valentina Negro, Valentina Pecora, Alessandro Fiocchi, Renato Cutrera
BACKGROUND: Medications with methyl-prednisolone sodium succinate containing lactose, which potentially contains traces of cow's milk proteins (CMP), could cause allergic reactions or compromise treatment of acute allergic reactions in sensitized patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the unusual case of a one-year-old child affected by short bowel syndrome and history of severe cow's milk allergy (CMA) and anaphylactic reaction due to intravenous administration of methyl-prednisolone sodium succinate (Solu-Medrol 40 mg, Pfizer)...
November 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149182/comparison-between-public-and-private-sectors-of-care-and-disparities-in-adverse-neonatal-outcomes-following-emergency-intrapartum-cesarean-at-term-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Woonji Jang, Christopher Flatley, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Perinatal outcomes may be influenced by a variety of factors including maternal demographics and medical condition as well as socio-economic status. The evidence for disparities in health outcomes stratified by type of care (public or private) is lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate short term neonatal outcomes following category 1 and 2 emergency cesareans at term between publicly and privately funded women at a single major tertiary centre in Australia. Category 1-immediate threat to life (maternal or fetal); Category 2-maternal or fetal compromise that is not immediately life-threatening...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143357/influence-of-phosphatidylserine-and-phosphatidylethanolamine-on-farnesol-tolerance-in-candida-albicans
#7
Sahar Hasim, Elyse N Vaughn, Dallas Donohoe, Donna M Gordon, Susan Pfiffner, Todd B Reynolds
Candida albicans is the most common human fungal pathogen. The ability to undergo the morphological transition from yeast to hyphal growth is critical for its pathogenesis. Farnesol, a precursor in the isoprenoid/sterol pathway, is a quorum-sensing molecule produced by C. albicans that inhibits hyphal growth in this polymorphic fungus. Interestingly, C. albicans can tolerate farnesol concentrations that are toxic to other fungi. We hypothesized that changes in phospholipid composition are one of the factors contributing to farnesol tolerance in C...
November 16, 2017: Yeast
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138968/mitochondrial-dysfunctions-contribute-to-energy-deficits-in-rodent-model-of-hepatic-encephalopathy
#8
Saurabh Dhanda, Aditya Sunkaria, Avishek Halder, Rajat Sandhir
Perturbations in the cerebral energy metabolism are anticipated to be an important factor by which ammonia may exert its toxic effects on the central nervous system. The present study was designed to investigate the role of impaired mitochondrial functions and cerebral energy metabolism in the development hepatic encephalopathy (HE) induced by of bile duct ligation (BDL). After four weeks of BDL, a significant increase in hepatic hydroxyproline and collagen content was observed which confirmed biliary fibrosis...
November 14, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135805/failure-of-invasive-airway-placement-on-the-first-attempt-is-associated-with-progression-to-cardiac-arrest-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-compromise
#9
Hannah R Stinson, Vijay Srinivasan, Alexis A Topjian, Robert M Sutton, Vinay M Nadkarni, Robert A Berg, Tia T Raymond
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the proportion of acute respiratory compromise events in hospitalized pediatric patients progressing to cardiopulmonary arrest, and the clinical factors associated with progression of acute respiratory compromise to cardiopulmonary arrest. We hypothesized that failure of invasive airway placement on the first attempt (defined as multiple attempts at tracheal intubation, and/or laryngeal mask airway placement, and/or the creation of a new tracheostomy or cricothyrotomy) is independently associated with progression of acute respiratory compromise to cardiopulmonary arrest...
November 10, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129663/compensation-strategies-in-voice-production-with-glottal-insufficiency
#10
Zhaoyan Zhang
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates potential compensation strategies under conditions of glottal insufficiency. METHODS: Using a numerical respiratory-laryngeal model of voice production, voice production under conditions of glottal insufficiency is investigated across a large range of voice conditions, and compared with normal voice production. RESULTS: This study shows that glottal insufficiency leads to increased noise production, reduced fundamental frequency range, and inability to produce very low-intensity voice...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129149/anaesthetic-and-cardiorespiratory-effects-of-ketamine-plus-dexmedetomidine-for-chemical-restraint-in-black-capuchin-monkeys-sapajus-nigritus
#11
J A B Chagas, L C P Santos, J R Silva Filho, C Bondan
AIMS: To evaluate the quality of anaesthesia and cardiorespiratory effects of ketamine and two doses of dexmedetomidine in captive black capuchin monkeys (Sapajus nigritus) undergoing routine clinical examination. METHODS: Twenty-four animals undergoing routine clinical examination were enrolled in the study. Animals were briefly physically restrained and examined to ensure no obvious illness was present and that they were healthy. Monkeys were randomly allocated to two groups (n=12 per group) and then treated with a combination of I/M 7...
November 12, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124817/why-the-flavin-dinucleotide-cofactor-needs-to-be-covalently-linked-to-complex-ii-of-the-electron-transport-chain-for-conversion-of-fadh2-to-fad
#12
Daniel F A R Dourado, Marcel Swart, Alexandra Teresa Pires Carvalho
A covalently bound flavin cofactor is predominant in the succinate:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (SQR, Complex II), an essential component of the aerobic electron transport, and in the menaquinol:fumarate oxidoreductase (QFR), the anaerobic counterpart, albeit being only present in ~10% of the known flavoenzymes. Here, we investigated the role of this 8α-N(3)-histidyl linkage between the flavin dinucleotide (FAD) cofactor and the respiratory Complex II. After parameterization with DFT we performed classical molecular dynamics simulations and quantum mechanics calculations of Complex II:FAD and Complex II:FADH2, covalently bound and unbound to His-A57...
November 10, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119707/impaired-expression-of-cxcl5-and-matrix-metalloproteinases-in-the-lungs-of-mice-with-high-susceptibility-to-streptococcus-pneumoniae-infection
#13
Rubia I Mancuso, Eliane N Miyaji, Cristiane C F Silva, Fernanda V Portaro, Alessandra Soares-Schanoski, Orlando G Ribeiro, Maria Leonor S Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus pneumoniae colonizes the nasopharynx of healthy individuals establishing a commensal relationship with the host. In some conditions, bacteria invade the lower respiratory tract and innate immune responses are crucial to avoid diseases such as pneumonia, sepsis, or meningitis. METHODS: Here, we compared the susceptibility to pneumococcal respiratory infection of two outbred mouse lines, AIRmin and AIRmax, selected for low or high acute inflammatory responses, respectively...
November 9, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114887/cough-strength-and-expiratory-force-in-aspirating-and-nonaspirating-postradiation-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#14
Katherine A Hutcheson, Martha P Barrow, Carla L Warneke, Yiqun Wang, George Eapen, Stephen Y Lai, Denise A Barringer, Emily K Plowman, Jan S Lewin
OBJECTIVE: Expiratory functions that clear aspiration from the airway are compromised in patients with neurogenic dysphagia for whom cough and expiratory force may be impaired by the primary disease process. The relationship between expiratory function, cough, and aspiration is less clear in head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors for whom the disease process does not directly impact the lower respiratory system. Our objective was to compare mechanisms of airway clearance (expiratory force and cough) with aspiration status in postradiated HNC survivors...
November 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110978/mumps-an-emergency-medicine-focused-update
#15
Chelsea Bockelman, Thomas C Frawley, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Mumps is a Paramyxoviridae virus. This disease was rampant prior to introduction of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine, resulting in decreased incidence. This disease has demonstrated several outbreaks. OBJECTIVE: This review provides a focused evaluation of mumps, an update on outbreaks, management recommendations, and ways to decrease transmission. DISCUSSION: Clusters of mumps outbreaks continue to occur. The virus is a paramyxovirus, a single-stranded RNA virus...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103809/corrigendum-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-compromises-asthma-tolerance-by-recruiting-interleukin-17a-producing-cells-via-ccr6-ccl20-signaling-mol-immunol-88-2017-45-57
#16
Tianyun Shi, Yanchao He, Wei Sun, Yi Wu, Ling Li, Zhijun Jie, Xiao Su
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099037/quantification-of-age-related-lung-tissue-mechanics-under-mechanical-ventilation
#17
JongWon Kim, Rebecca L Heise, Angela M Reynolds, Ramana M Pidaparti
Elderly patients with obstructive lung diseases often receive mechanical ventilation to support their breathing and restore respiratory function. However, mechanical ventilation is known to increase the severity of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) in the elderly. Therefore, it is important to investigate the effects of aging to better understand the lung tissue mechanics to estimate the severity of ventilator-induced lung injuries. Two age-related geometric models involving human bronchioles from generation G10 to G23 and alveolar sacs were developed...
September 29, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091081/protective-role-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-in-cigarette-smoke-and-influenza-infection
#18
M J Hong, B H Gu, M C Madison, C Landers, H Y Tung, M Kim, X Yuan, R You, A A Machado, B E Gilbert, P Soroosh, M Elloso, L Song, M Chen, D B Corry, G Diehl, F Kheradmand
Airborne pathogens commonly trigger severe respiratory failure or death in smokers with lung disease. Cigarette smoking compromises the effectiveness of innate immunity against infections but the underlying mechanisms responsible for defective acquired immune responses in smokers remains less clear. We found that mice exposed to chronic cigarette smoke recovered poorly from primary Influenza A pneumonia with reduced type I and II interferons (IFNs) and viral-specific immunoglobulins, but recruited γδ T cells to the lungs that predominantly expressed interleukin 17A (IL-17A)...
November 1, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089172/preoxygenation-with-flush-rate-oxygen-comparing-the-nonrebreather-mask-with-the-bag-valve-mask
#19
Brian E Driver, Lauren R Klein, Krista Carlson, Justin Harrington, Robert F Reardon, Matthew E Prekker
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Nonrebreather masks and bag-valve masks are used for preoxygenation before emergency intubation. Flush rate oxygen delivered with a nonrebreather mask is noninferior to bag-valve mask oxygen at 15 L/min. We seek to compare the nonrebreather mask with flush rate oxygen to a bag-valve mask with flush rate oxygen (with and without inspiratory assistance) and determine whether the efficacy of bag-valve mask with flush rate oxygen is compromised by a simulated mask leak. METHODS: We conducted 2 prospective studies in healthy, adult volunteers...
October 28, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081358/spinal-activation-of-protein-kinase-c-elicits-phrenic-motor-facilitation
#20
Michael J Devinney, Gordon S Mitchell
The protein kinase C family regulates many cellular functions, including multiple forms of neuroplasticity. The novel PKCθ and atypical PKCζ isoforms have been implicated in distinct forms of spinal, respiratory motor plasticity, including phrenic motor facilitation (pMF) following acute intermittent hypoxia or inactivity, respectively. Although these PKC isoforms are critical in regulating spinal motor plasticity, other isoforms may be important for phrenic motor plasticity. We tested the impact of conventional/novel PKC activator, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on pMF...
November 2, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
keyword
keyword
50497
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"