keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urine drug testing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651402/-consecutive-cross-sectional-survey-of-prevalence-of-hiv-infection-std-and-related-factors-in-vietnamese-female-sex-workers-at-a-china-vietnam-border-area-2014-2015
#1
J Zhu, R Yuan, D Hu, Z B Zhu, X Yang, N Wang, B Wang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of HIV infection/STD and related factors in Vietnamese female sex workers (FSWs). Methods: Consecutive cross-sectional surveys were conducted in June 2014, December 2014, May 2015 and November 2015 in Hekou, a county bordering Vietnam in Yunnan province. Convenience sampling were adopted to select 1 058 Vietnamese FSWs aged>16 years. Questionnaire interview were used to collect the information about their demographics, sexual behaviors and drug use. Serum and urine samples were collected for HIV infection/STD detection and drug use test...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646926/high-burden-of-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-in-school-aged-children-in-marolambo-district-madagascar
#2
Stephen A Spencer, James M St John Penney, Hannah J Russell, Anthony P Howe, Cortland Linder, Andriamahitsisambatra L D Rakotomampianina, Anjara M Nandimbiniaina, S Bertel Squire, J Russell Stothard, Amaya L Bustinduy, Alain M Rahetilahy
BACKGROUND: A school-based survey was undertaken to assess prevalence and infection intensity of schistosomiasis in school-aged children in the Marolambo District of Madagascar. METHODS: School-aged children from six purposively selected schools were tested for Schistosoma haematobium by urine filtration and Schistosoma mansoni using circulating cathodic antigen (CCA) and Kato-Katz stool analysis. The investigators did not address soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in this study...
June 24, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644052/a-little-dab-will-do-ya-in-a-case-report-of-neuro-and-cardiotoxicity-following-use-of-cannabis-concentrates
#3
Shannon S Rickner, Dazhe Cao, Kurt Kleinschmidt, Steven Fleming
CONTEXT: The use of marijuana and cannabis concentrates is increasing, especially following decriminalization in several states. Psychosis and cardiotoxicity have been reported following cannabis use; however, myocardial injury from "dabbing" has not yet been reported. We report a case of hyperthermia, tachycardia, hypertension, severe agitation, neuro-, and cardiotoxicity following the use of "dabs" where there is concomitant confirmatory biological and sample testing. CASE DETAILS: A 17-year-old athletic man developed agitation requiring sedation and intubation for safety, with peak systolic blood pressures in the 190s and hyperthermia (to 102 °F)...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639029/cox2-induction-a-mechanism-of-endocrine-breast-cancer-resistance
#4
Brandi L Clark, Michael A Murphy, Landry K Kamdem
PURPOSE: Urine prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels have shown to be a risk factor of breast cancer, and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is known to be beneficial in preventing breast cancer risk and/or recurrence with or without aromatase inhibitors. We hypothesized that the use of an aromatase inhibitor triggers the activation of the inflammatory pathway via release of PGE2. METHODS: A single oral 25 mg dose of an aromatase inhibitor (exemestane) was given to 14 healthy postmenopausal female volunteers...
June 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634536/telavancin-a-novel-semisynthetic-lipoglycopeptide-agent-to-counter-the-challenge-of-resistant-gram-positive-pathogens
#5
REVIEW
Biswadeep Das, Chayna Sarkar, Debasmita Das, Amit Gupta, Arnav Kalra, Shubham Sahni
Telavancin (TD-6424), a semisynthetic lipoglycopeptide vancomycin-derivative, is a novel antimicrobial agent developed by Theravance for overcoming resistant Gram-positive bacterial infections, specifically methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) had approved telavancin in 2009 for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSIs) caused by Gram-positive bacteria, including MRSA (S. aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus anginosus group, or Enterococcus faecalis)...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633318/evaluation-of-oral-fluid-as-a-specimen-for-duid
#6
Allison M Veitenheimer, Jarrad R Wagner
Drugged driving has become more prevalent than drunk driving and is quickly gaining national attention due to increased prescription drug abuse and recent cannabis legalization. Unlike alcohol, police officers do not generally have access to approved devices to screen for drugs at the roadside. Onsite drug screening devices do exist and are used in other countries, but have not garnered widespread approval for use in the United States in driving under the influence of drugs (DUID) cases. One reason for this is that the devices are designed to test oral fluid, which is not a commonly accepted specimen for DUID...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631912/-results-of-urethral-reconstruction-in-adults-after-multiple-hypospadias-repairs
#7
S I Gamidov, M G Shneiderman, D Yu Pushkar, A O Vasil'ev, A V Govorov, R I Ovchinnikov, A Yu Popova, R D Dusmukhamedov
AIM: To improve treatment results in patients after multiple hypospadias repairs by optimizing the postoperative management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-two patients (mean age 48.1+/-15.3 years) with urethral strictures secondary to failed hypospadias repairs underwent staged graft urethroplasty using oral mucosa (cheek, lip, tongue) as a grafting material. In 62 patients, at the end of surgery the bladder was drained with a standard Foley catheter. In twenty patients the bladder was drained with a modified silicone urethral catheter, which had an additional channel for delivering drugs and removing the urethral wound effluent, and a second additional channel for inflating a balloon fixed to the catheter tube at different parts of the catheter...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631909/-characterization-of-microbial-flora-in-patients-suspected-of-having-urogenital-tuberculosis
#8
A G Cherednichenko, E V Kulchavenya
INTRODUCTION: In the structure of tuberculosis morbidity, urogenital tuberculosis (UGT) ranks second or third only to pulmonary tuberculosis. Every fourth patient has the stage of cavern formation at first presentation. Seventy five percent of nephrotuberculosis cases co-occur with nonspecific pyelonephritis, which excludes "sterile pyuria". We aimed to determine the microbial spectrum of urine and gonadal appendages in patients with suspected UGT and to investigate the susceptibility of the isolated microorganisms to the main antibacterial drugs...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629757/bacterial-biofilm-based-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-causative-pathogens-and-antibiotic-resistance
#9
Nargis Sabir, Aamer Ikram, Gohar Zaman, Luqman Satti, Adeel Gardezi, Abeera Ahmed, Parvez Ahmed
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the incidence of bacterial biofilm-based catheter-associated urinary tract infections, identify variables affecting biofilm formation, and identify etiologic bacterial pathogens and antibiotic-resistance patterns associated with biofilm-based catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) in our setup. METHODS: Patients who developed at least 2 symptoms of urinary tract infection after at least 2 days of indwelling urinary catheters were included...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623915/safety-pharmacology-and-subchronic-toxicity-of-jinqing-granules-in-rats
#10
Xuerong Zhou, Qian Rong, Min Xu, Yuanli Zhang, Qi Dong, Yuanling Xiao, Qiji Liu, Helin Chen, Xiaoyu Yang, Kaisheng Yu, Yinglun Li, Ling Zhao, Gang Ye, Fei Shi, Cheng Lv
BACKGROUND: Jinqing granules which are made of a mixture extract that contains Radix Tinosporae and Canarii fructus in proportions according to a longstanding formula have a good effect on the prevention and treatment of gastric ulcer disease. It has not been through safety through systematic toxicological studies, however. To provide basis for clinical application, we performed safety pharmacology and subchronic toxicity experiments in specific pathogen-free Sprague-Dawley rats. RESULTS: In safety pharmacology experiments, Jinqing granules had no evident adverse effects on the central nervous, cardiovascular, or respiratory systems...
June 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623899/renin-angiotensin-system-blockers-and-residual-kidney-function-loss-in-patients-initiating-peritoneal-dialysis-an-observational-cohort-study
#11
Jenny I Shen, Anjali B Saxena, Sitaram Vangala, Satvinder K Dhaliwal, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer
BACKGROUND: Although angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin-II receptor blockers (ARB) have been shown to preserve residual kidney function in a select group of Asian patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (PD) in two small randomized clinical trials, the effectiveness of these drugs has yet to be demonstrated in a more diverse population of patients with multiple comorbid conditions. We investigated the association between ACEI/ARB use and development of recorded anuria in a cohort of patients initiating PD in the U...
June 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623823/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-n-acetylcysteine-for-cannabis-use-disorder-in-adults
#12
Kevin M Gray, Susan C Sonne, Erin A McClure, Udi E Ghitza, Abigail G Matthews, Aimee L McRae-Clark, Kathleen M Carroll, Jennifer S Potter, Katharina Wiest, Larissa J Mooney, Albert Hasson, Sharon L Walsh, Michelle R Lofwall, Shanna Babalonis, Robert W Lindblad, Steven Sparenborg, Aimee Wahle, Jacqueline S King, Nathaniel L Baker, Rachel L Tomko, Louise F Haynes, Ryan G Vandrey, Frances R Levin
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use disorder (CUD) is a prevalent and impairing condition, and established psychosocial treatments convey limited efficacy. In light of recent findings supporting the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) for CUD in adolescents, the objective of this trial was to evaluate its efficacy in adults. METHODS: In a 12-week double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial, treatment-seeking adults ages 18-50 with CUD (N=302), enrolled across six National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network-affiliated clinical sites, were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to a 12-week course of NAC 1200mg (n=153) or placebo (n=149) twice daily...
June 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619672/point-of-care-diagnosis-of-multiple-schistosome-parasites-species-specific-dna-detection-in-urine-by-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp
#13
Nilanjan Lodh, Kei Mikita, Kwabena M Bosompem, William K Anyan, Joseph K Quartey, Joseph Otchere, Clive J Shiff
Schistosomes are easily transmitted and high chance of repeat infection, so if control strategies based on targeted mass drug administration (MDA) are to succeed it is essential to have a test that is sensitive, accurate and simple to use. It is known and regularly demonstrated that praziquantel does not always eliminate an infection so in spite of the successes of control programs a residual of the reservoir survives to re-infect snails. The issue of diagnostic sensitivity becomes more critical in the assessment of program effectiveness...
June 12, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616818/fosfomycin-for-the-treatment-of-drug-resistant-urinary-tract-infections-potential-of-an-old-drug-not-explored-fully
#14
Vrushali Patwardhan, Sarman Singh
INTRODUCTION: Increased emergence of bacterial resistance and the limited options of novel antimicrobial agents have necessitated the reintroduction of some old antimicrobial agents. One such drug is fosfomycin, but its potential has not been explored fully, especially in India. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the in vitro activity of fosfomycin, against the urinary isolates and to compare it with in vitro activity of other orally administered antimicrobial agents...
June 14, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616249/quality-of-care-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-primary-care-setting-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-ontario-canada
#15
Danielle M Nash, Scott Brimble, Maureen Markle-Reid, Eric McArthur, Karen Tu, Gihad E Nesrallah, Allan Grill, Amit X Garg
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease may not be receiving recommended primary renal care. OBJECTIVE: To use recently established primary care quality indicators for chronic kidney disease to determine the proportion of patients receiving recommended renal care. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using administrative data with linked laboratory information. SETTING: The study was conducted in Ontario, Canada, from 2006 to 2012...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615761/prediction-of-risk-for-boys-involvement-in-drug-use-based-on-levels-of-self-evaluations-in-russia
#16
Svetlana N Islamova, Rafael Sh Islamov
BACKGROUND: Adolescents often experiment with drug use, which can impact on their health and well-being and increase the probability of problem drug use. Yet, not enough is known about which psychological indicators is related with the initiation of drug use among young adults and have predictive power. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants in this study were 311 boys (school and college students) aged 15-17. Data were collected in the towns of Moscow region. A modified version of Dembo-Rubinstein test was used to assess the self-evaluation (SE)...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607654/qualitative-thallium-urinary-assays-are-almost-as-valuable-as-quantitative-tests-implication-for-outpatient-settings-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
Amir Ghaderi, Hamid Reza Banafshe, Soroor Khodabandehlo, Fateme Mehrzad, Omid Mehrpour, Reza Afshari
BACKGROUND: Thallium (Tl), lead and steroid exposures were reported as a result of street drug consumption such as heroin and cocaine. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the values of qualitative and quantitative assays for detecting Tl as an adulterant in opioid-like compound drug users. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted throughout a specified time bracket ranging from May 2015 to November 2015 in Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad, Iran...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600832/investigation-of-drug-products-received-for-analysis-in-the-swedish-strida-project-on-new-psychoactive-substances
#18
Matilda Bäckberg, Karl-Henrik Jönsson, Anders Helander, Olof Beck
The web-based open sale of unregulated new psychoactive substances (NPS) has shown a steady increase over the past years. Analysis of drug products sold as NPS is useful to confirm the true chemical contents, for comparison with the substances detected in corresponding body fluids, but also to study drug trends. This work describes the examination of 251 drug products that were randomly submitted for analysis in 173 cases of suspected NPS-related intoxications in the Swedish STRIDA project in 2010-2015. Of the products, 39% were powders/crystals, 32% tablets/capsules, 16% herbal materials, 8% liquids, 1% blotters, and 4% others...
June 9, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600754/substance-use-disorder-treatment-following-clinician-initiated-discontinuation-of-long-term-opioid-therapy-resulting-from-an-aberrant-urine-drug-test
#19
Shannon M Nugent, Steven K Dobscha, Benjamin J Morasco, Michael I Demidenko, Thomas H A Meath, Joseph W Frank, Travis I Lovejoy
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether substance use disorder (SUD) treatment is offered to, or utilized by, patients who are discontinued from long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) following aberrant urine drug tests (UDTs). OBJECTIVE: To describe the proportion of patients who were referred to, and engaged in, SUD treatment following LTOT discontinuation and to examine differences in SUD treatment referral and engagement based on the substances that led to discontinuation...
June 9, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599860/molecularly-imprinted-nanoparticles-grafted-to-porous-silica-as-chiral-selectors-in-liquid-chromatography
#20
Raquel Gutierrez-Climente, Alberto Gomez-Caballero, Antonio Guerreiro, Deiene Garcia-Mutio, Nora Unceta, M Aránzazu Goicolea, Ramon J Barrio
The work presented here explores the grafting of molecularly imprinted nanoparticles (MIN) on silica beads for the development of new chiral stationary phases (CSP). Both solid-phase imprinting and precipitation polymerisation were tested for MIN synthesis though the latter approach was the only one that provided efficient chiral selectors. MIN particles were prepared by iniferter polymerisation initiated by UV radiation, using itaconic acid as functional monomer and ethylene dimethacrylate as cross-linker...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
keyword
keyword
50483
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"