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Attention deficit disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345734/-restless-legs-syndrome-in-patients-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
C Castano-De la Mota, N Moreno-Acero, R Losada-Del Pozo, V Soto-Insuga, A Perez-Villena, C Rodriguez-Fernandez, F Martin-Del Valle, M Pons-Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disease. RLS has been linked to various psychiatric disorders, especially with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). AIMS: The main objective was to describe the frequency of RLS in pediatric patients diagnosed with ADHD. Secondary objectives of the study were describe other sleep disorders in ADHD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentre prospective study was conducted in nine Spanish centers...
April 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345402/clinical-and-functional-correlates-of-processing-speed-in-pediatric-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Nathan E Cook, Ellen B Braaten, Craig B H Surman
It is well established that processing speed is negatively impacted in children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Unfortunately, exactly how processing speed vulnerabilities manifest in daily functioning has not been well established. To support clinical care of youth with ADHD, it is important to better understand the functional consequences and relevant outcomes associated with processing speed deficits. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to identify the association between processing speed and clinical or functional correlates among children or adolescents diagnosed with ADHD...
March 27, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345387/multimodal-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up
#3
Nezla S Duric, Jørg Assmus, Doris Gundersen, Alisa Duric Golos, Irene B Elgen
BACKGROUND: Different treatment approaches aimed at reducing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) core symptoms are available. However, factors such as intolerance, side-effects, lack of efficacy, high new technology costs, and placebo effect have spurred on an increasing interest in alternative or complementary treatment. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore efficacy of multimodal treatment consisting of standard stimulant medication (methylphenidate) and neurofeedback (NF) in combination, and to compare it with the single treatment in 6-month follow-up in ADHD children and adolescents...
March 27, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343454/adhd-patients-fail-to-maintain-task-goals-in-face-of-subliminally-and-consciously-induced-cognitive-conflicts
#4
K Gohil, A Bluschke, V Roessner, A-K Stock, C Beste
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients have been reported to display deficits in action control processes. While it is known that subliminally and consciously induced conflicts interact and conjointly modulate action control in healthy subjects, this has never been investigated for ADHD. METHOD: We investigated the (potential) interaction of subliminally and consciously triggered response conflicts in children with ADHD and matched healthy controls using neuropsychological methods (event-related potentials; ERPs) to identify the involved cognitive sub-processes...
March 27, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342378/elevated-triglyceride-levels-are-associated-with-cognitive-impairments-among-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Tian Nan Shao, Guang Zhong Yin, Xiao Li Yin, Jing Qin Wu, Xiang Dong Du, Hong Liang Zhu, Jia Hong Liu, Xiao Qiong Wang, Dong Wu Xu, Wen Jie Tang, Li Hui
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits have been identified as one of core clinical symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD). Accumulating evidence indicated that triglycerides (TG) might be associated with MDD and cognitive decline. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether patients with MDD had poorer cognitive functions than healthy controls, and further investigate whether TG levels were involved in MDD, and its cognitive impairments in a Han Chinese population. METHOD: 115 patients with MDD and 119 healthy controls were enrolled...
March 14, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342214/real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Analucia A Alegria, Melanie Wulff, Helen Brinson, Gareth J Barker, Luke J Norman, Daniel Brandeis, Daniel Stahl, Anthony S David, Eric Taylor, Vincent Giampietro, Katya Rubia
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with poor self-control, underpinned by inferior fronto-striatal deficits. Real-time functional magnetic resonance neurofeedback (rtfMRI-NF) allows participants to gain self-control over dysregulated brain regions. Despite evidence for beneficial effects of electrophysiological-NF on ADHD symptoms, no study has applied the spatially superior rtfMRI-NF neurotherapy to ADHD. A randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of rtfMRI-NF of right inferior prefrontal cortex (rIFG), a key region that is compromised in ADHD and upregulated with psychostimulants, on improvement of ADHD symptoms, cognition, and inhibitory fMRI activation...
March 25, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341090/transient-isolated-lower-bulbar-palsy-with-elevated-serum-anti-gm1-and-anti-gd1b-antibodies-during-aripiprazole-treatment
#7
Tae Hwan Han, Do Yeon Kim, Dong Woo Park, Jin-Hwa Moon
BACKGROUND: Transient bulbar palsy without involvement of the facial or extraocular muscles is a rare presentation. It is considered a form of cranial polyneuropathy, a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome that is related to the autoimmune mechanisms induced by preceding infections or vaccinations. However, drug-induced cranial polyneuropathy has not previously been reported. We describe a boy with isolated bulbar palsy and positive serum antiganglioside antibodies during aripiprazole treatment...
January 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339895/does-parental-health-mediate-the-relationship-between-parental-uninsurance-and-insured-children-s-health-outcomes-evidence-from-a-u-s-national-survey
#8
Ilhom Akobirshoev, Diana Bowser, Susan L Parish, Cindy Thomas, Sara S Bachman
Although the United States has made great strides in ensuring near universal health care access for children, the health insurance coverage gap between children and their parents remains high. This study analyzed aggregated data from the 2006-2013 National Health Interview Survey to investigate the direct relationships between parental uninsurance and children's health outcomes. Authors explored how parental health mediates the relationship between parents' health and children's health outcomes. Results suggest that insured children of uninsured parents have worse health status and are at higher risk of asthma, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, developmental delays, learning disabilities, and mental disabilities compared with insured children of insured parents...
March 2, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339122/mortality-risk-in-a-nationwide-cohort-of-individuals-with-tic-disorders-and-with-tourette-syndrome
#9
Sandra M Meier, Søren Dalsgaard, Preben B Mortensen, James F Leckman, Kerstin J Plessen
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated mortality risk in individuals with tic disorders. METHODS: We thus measured the risk of premature death in individuals with tic disorders and with Tourette syndrome in a prospective cohort study with 80 million person-years of follow-up. We estimated mortality rate ratios and adjusted for calendar year, age, sex, urbanicity, maternal and paternal age, and psychiatric disorders to compare individuals with and without tic disorders...
March 24, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338919/genetic-overlap-between-schizophrenia-and-developmental-psychopathology-longitudinal-and-multivariate-polygenic-risk-prediction-of-common-psychiatric-traits-during-development
#10
Michel G Nivard, Suzanne H Gage, Jouke J Hottenga, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Abdel Abdellaoui, Meike Bartels, Bart M L Baselmans, Lannie Ligthart, Beate St Pourcain, Dorret I Boomsma, Marcus R Munafò, Christel M Middeldorp
BACKGROUND: Several nonpsychotic psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence can precede the onset of schizophrenia, but the etiology of this relationship remains unclear. We investigated to what extent the association between schizophrenia and psychiatric disorders in childhood is explained by correlated genetic risk factors. METHODS: Polygenic risk scores (PRS), reflecting an individual's genetic risk for schizophrenia, were constructed for 2588 children from the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) and 6127 from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents And Children (ALSPAC)...
March 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338738/task-related-functional-connectivity-analysis-of-emotion-discrimination-in-a-family-study-of-schizophrenia
#11
Vina M Goghari, Nicole Sanford, Michael J Spilka, Todd S Woodward
Poor emotion recognition is a core deficit in schizophrenia and is associated with poor functional outcome. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) multivariate analysis methods were used to elucidate the neural underpinnings of face and emotion processing associated with both genetic liability and disease-specific effects. Schizophrenia patients, relatives, and controls completed a task that included 4 facial emotion discrimination conditions and an age discrimination condition during fMRI. Three functional networks were derived from the data: the first involved in visual attention and response generation, the second a default mode network (DMN), and a third involved in face and emotion processing...
February 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337734/diffusion-tensor-imaging-dti-findings-in-adult-civilian-military-and-sport-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-mtbi-a-systematic-critical-review
#12
Breton Michael Asken, Steven T DeKosky, James R Clugston, Michael S Jaffee, Russell M Bauer
This review seeks to summarize diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies that have evaluated structural changes attributed to the mechanisms of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in adult civilian, military, and athlete populations. Articles from 2002 to 2016 were retrieved from PubMed/MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, and Google Scholar, using a Boolean search string containing the following terms: "diffusion tensor imaging", "diffusion imaging", "DTI", "white matter", "concussion", "mild traumatic brain injury", "mTBI", "traumatic brain injury", and "TBI"...
March 24, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336432/behavioral-abnormalities-and-reduced-norepinephrine-in-ep4-receptor-associated-protein-eprap-deficient-mice
#13
Risako Fujikawa, Sei Higuchi, Taichi Ikedo, Manabu Nagata, Kosuke Hayashi, Tao Yang, Takeshi Miyata, Masayuki Yokode, Manabu Minami
EP4 receptor-associated protein (EPRAP) is a newly identified molecule that regulates macrophage activation. We recently demonstrated the presence of EPRAP in the mice brain; however, little is known about the function of EPRAP in this tissue. Therefore, we investigated the role of EPRAP in behavior and emotion using behavioral analysis in mice. In this study, we subjected EPRAP-deficient (KO) mice and wild-type C57BL/6 (WT) mice to a battery of behavioral tests. EPRAP-KO mice tended to have shorter latencies to fall in the wire hang test, but had normal neuromuscular strength...
March 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335878/psychotic-symptoms-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-an-analysis-of-the-mta-database
#14
Benedetto Vitiello, Guillermo Perez Algorta, L Eugene Arnold, Andrea L Howard, Annamarie Stehli, Brooke S G Molina
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of psychotic symptoms among youths (14-25 years of age) with a childhood diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) combined type. METHOD: Participants in the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA) and a local normative comparison group (LNCG) were systematically assessed 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16 years after the original enrollment at a mean age of 8.5 years. Trained research assistants administered a psychosis screener, and positive screens were referred to study clinicians to confirm or exclude psychosis...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335874/course-of-tourette-syndrome-and-comorbidities-in-a-large-prospective-clinical-study
#15
Camilla Groth, Nanette Mol Debes, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Theis Lange, Liselotte Skov
OBJECTIVE: Tourette syndrome (TS) is a childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by tics and frequent comorbidities. Although tics often improve during adolescence, recent studies suggest that comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) tend to persist. This large prospective follow-up study describes the clinical course of tics and comorbidities during adolescence and the prevalence of coexisting psychopathologies. METHOD: The clinical cohort was recruited at the Danish National Tourette Clinic, and data were collected at baseline (n = 314, age range 5-19 years) and at follow-up 6 years later (n = 227) to establish the persistence and severity of tics and comorbidities...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335872/cognitive-impairment-in-euthymic-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Liana R Elias, Kamilla W Miskowiak, Antônio M O Vale, Cristiano A Köhler, Hanne L Kjærstad, Brendon Stubbs, Lars V Kessing, Eduard Vieta, Michael Maes, Benjamin I Goldstein, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating neurocognition in euthymic youths with bipolar disorder (BD) compared to healthy controls (HCs). METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in the PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EMBASE databases from inception up until March 23, 2016, for original peer-reviewed articles that investigated neurocognition in euthymic youths with BD compared to HCs. Effect sizes (ES) for individual tests were extracted...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335869/how-environmental-factors-can-get-under-the-skin-epigenetics-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
EDITORIAL
Venkat Bhat, Ridha Joober, Sarojini M Sengupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335040/-new-ways-of-diagnosing-adhd-in-adults
#18
Marco Grabemann, Marco Zimmermann, Laura Strunz, Monika Ebbert-Grabemann, Norbert Scherbaum, Bernhard Kis, Christian Mette
Objective Diagnosing Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults requires that ADHD has already been present in childhood. However, recall of ADHD-symptoms in childhood is fallible, for example influenced by mood. Furthermore, diagnostics need a procedure to handle oblivion and judgment biases. The Essen-Interview-for-school-days-related-biography (EIS-B) addresses these problems and offers a tool for retrospectively diagnosing childhood ADHD in adults. Method 36 patients with ADHD, 27 patients with depression or adjustment disorders and 39 healthy controls were included in the pilot study...
March 23, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335000/better-than-sham-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-neurofeedback-study-in-primary-insomnia
#19
Manuel Schabus, Hermann Griessenberger, Maria-Teresa Gnjezda, Dominik P J Heib, Malgorzata Wislowska, Kerstin Hoedlmoser
Neurofeedback training builds upon the simple concept of instrumental conditioning, i.e. behaviour that is rewarded is more likely to reoccur, an effect Thorndike referred to as the 'law of effect'. In the case of neurofeedback, information about specific electroencephalographic activity is fed back to the participant who is rewarded whenever the desired electroencephalography pattern is generated. If some kind of hyperarousal needs to be addressed, the neurofeedback community considers sensorimotor rhythm neurofeedback as the gold standard...
February 23, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334570/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-disordered-eating-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-a-framework-for-future-research
#20
REVIEW
Panagiota Kaisari, Colin T Dourish, Suzanne Higgs
Preliminary findings suggest that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be associated with disordered eating behaviour, but whether there is sufficient evidence to suggest an association between ADHD and specific types of disordered eating behaviour is unclear. Furthermore, it is uncertain whether specific features associated with ADHD are differentially associated with disordered eating behaviour. A systematic review of seventy-five studies was conducted to evaluate the potential association between ADHD symptomatology and disordered eating behaviour and to provide an estimate of the strength of evidence for any association...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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