keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

taurine and brain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329909/the-signaling-role-for-chloride-in-the-bidirectional-communication-between-neurons-and-astrocytes
#1
REVIEW
Corinne S Wilson, Alexander A Mongin
It is well known that the electrical signaling in neuronal networks is modulated by chloride (Cl-) fluxes via the inhibitory GABAA and glycine receptors. Here, we discuss the putative contribution of Cl- fluxes and intracellular Cl- to other forms of information transfer in the CNS, namely the bidirectional communication between neurons and astrocytes. The manuscript (i) summarizes the generic functions of Cl- in cellular physiology, (ii) recaps molecular identities and properties of Cl- transporters and channels in neurons and astrocytes, and (iii) analyzes emerging studies implicating Cl- in the modulation of neuroglial communication...
January 9, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318932/decreased-taurine-and-creatine-in-the-thalamus-may-relate-to-behavioral-impairments-in-ethanol-fed-mice-a-pilot-study-of-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#2
Su Xu, Wenjun Zhu, Yamin Wan, JiaBei Wang, Xi Chen, Liya Pi, Mary Kay Lobo, Bin Ren, Zhekang Ying, Michael Morris, Qi Cao
Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is highly prevalent, observed in up to 80% of patients with liver dysfunction. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy is defined as hepatic encephalopathy with cognitive deficits and no grossly evident neurologic abnormalities. Clinical management may be delayed due to the lack of in vivo quantitative methods needed to reveal changes in brain neurobiochemical biomarkers. To gain insight into the development of alcoholic liver disease-induced neurological dysfunction (NDF), a mouse model of late-stage alcoholic liver fibrosis (LALF) was used to investigate changes in neurochemical levels in the thalamus and hippocampus that relate to behavioral changes...
January 2018: Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251842/taurine-caffeine-and-energy-drinks-reviewing-the-risks-to-the-adolescent-brain
#3
REVIEW
Christine Perdan Curran, Cecile A Marczinski
Energy drinks are emerging as a major component of the beverage market with sales projected to top $60 billion globally in the next five years. Energy drinks contain a variety of ingredients, but many of the top-selling brands include high doses of caffeine and the amino acid taurine. Energy drink consumption by children has raised concerns, due to potential caffeine toxicity. An additional risk has been noted among college-aged consumers of energy drinks who appear at higher risk of over-consumption of alcohol when the two drinks are consumed together...
December 1, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247653/taurine-and-%C3%AE-alanine-intraperitoneal-injection-in-lactating-mice-modifies-the-growth-and-behavior-of-offspring
#4
Takuma Nishigawa, Satsuki Nagamachi, Vishwajit S Chowdhury, Shinobu Yasuo, Mitsuhiro Furuse
Taurine, one of the sulfur-containing amino acids, has several functions in vivo. It has been reported that taurine acts on γ-aminobutyric acid receptors as an agonist and to promote inhibitory neurotransmission. Milk, especially colostrum, contains taurine and it is known that milk taurine is essential for the normal development of offspring. β-Alanine is transported via a taurine transporter and a protein-assisted amino acid transporter, the same ones that transport taurine. The present study aimed to investigate whether the growth and behavior of offspring could be altered by modification of the taurine concentration in milk...
December 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242361/measuring-cerebral-and-cerebellar-glutathione-in-children-using-1h-mega-press-mrs
#5
F Raschke, R Noeske, R A Dineen, D P Auer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Glutathione is an important antioxidant in the human brain and therefore of interest in neurodegenerative disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of measuring glutathione in healthy nonsedated children by using the 1H Mescher-Garwood point-resolved spectroscopy (MEGA-PRESS) sequence at 3T and to compare glutathione levels between the medial parietal gray matter and the cerebellum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Glutathione was measured using MEGA-PRESS MRS (TR = 1...
December 14, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230019/metabolic-profiling-of-zebrafish-danio-rerio-embryos-by-nmr-spectroscopy-reveals-multifaceted-toxicity-of-%C3%AE-methylamino-l-alanine-bmaa
#6
Upasana Roy, Laura Conklin, Jürgen Schiller, Jörg Matysik, John P Berry, A Alia
β-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) has been linked to several interrelated neurodegenerative diseases. Despite considerable research, specific contributions of BMAA toxicity to neurodegenerative diseases remain to be fully resolved. In the present study, we utilized state-of-the-art high-resolution magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (HRMAS NMR), applied to intact zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos, as a model of vertebrate development, to elucidate changes in metabolic profiles associated with BMAA exposure...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208684/central-npy-y5-sub-receptor-partially-functions-as-a-mediator-of-npy-induced-hypothermia-and-affords-thermotolerance-in-heat-exposed-fasted-chicks
#7
Hatem M Eltahan, Mohammad A Bahry, Hui Yang, Guofeng Han, Linh T N Nguyen, Hiromi Ikeda, Mohamed N Ali, Khairy A Amber, Mitsuhiro Furuse, Vishwajit S Chowdhury
Exposure of chicks to a high ambient temperature (HT) has previously been shown to increase neuropeptide Y (NPY) mRNA expression in the brain. Furthermore, it was found that NPY has anti-stress functions in heat-exposed fasted chicks. The aim of the study was to reveal the role of central administration of NPY on thermotolerance ability and the induction of heat-shock protein (HSP) and NPY sub-receptors (NPYSRs) in fasted chicks with the contribution of plasma metabolite changes. Six- or seven-day-old chicks were centrally injected with 0 or 375 pmol of NPY and exposed to either HT (35 ± 1°C) or control thermoneutral temperature (CT: 30 ± 1°C) for 60 min while fasted...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180230/glucocorticoids-genes-and-brain-function
#8
REVIEW
Grzegorz R Juszczak, Adrian M Stankiewicz
The identification of key genes in transcriptomic data constitutes a huge challenge. Our review of microarray reports revealed 88 genes whose transcription is consistently regulated by glucocorticoids (GCs), such as cortisol, corticosterone and dexamethasone, in the brain. Replicable transcriptomic data were combined with biochemical and physiological data to create an integrated view of the effects induced by GCs. The most frequently reported genes were Errfi1 and Ddit4. Their up-regulation was associated with the altered transcription of genes regulating growth factor and mTORC1 signaling (Gab1, Tsc22d3, Dusp1, Ndrg2, Ppp5c and Sesn1) and progression of the cell cycle (Ccnd1, Cdkn1a and Cables1)...
November 24, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175673/astrocytic-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-gaba-transporters-mediate-guanidinoacetate-transport-in-rat-brain
#9
Masanori Tachikawa, Ayane Yashiki, Shin-Ichi Akanuma, Haruka Matsukawa, Soichiro Ide, Masabumi Minami, Ken-Ichi Hosoya
Guanidinoacetate (GAA) is a biosynthetic precursor of creatine, which plays a critical role in homeostasis of high-energy phosphates in the brain, but cerebral accumulation of GAA leads to neurological complications, such as epilepsy and seizures. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the contribution of the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transport systems to GAA transport in astrocytes by means of uptake studies in rat brain slices, primary astrocyte cultures and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing human GABA transporters (GATs)...
November 23, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174035/effects-of-standard-ethanolic-extract-from-erythrina-velutina-in-acute-cerebral-ischemia-in-mice
#10
Francisca Taciana Rodrigues de Sousa, Caren Nádia Soares de Sousa, Naiara Coelho Ximenes, Anália Barbosa Almeida, Lucas Moraes Cabral, Cláudio Felipe Vasconcelos Patrocínio, Aline Holanda Silva, Luzia Kalyne Almeida Moreira Leal, José Eduardo Ribeiro Honório Júnior, Danielle Macedo, Silvânia Maria Mendes Vasconcelos
The objective of this study was to verify a possible neuroprotective effect of the ethanolic extract of Erythrina velutina (EEEV). Male Swiss mice were submitted to transient cerebral ischemia by occlusion of both carotid arteries for 30 min and treated for 5 days with EEEV (200 or 400 mg/kg) or Memantine (MEM) 10 mg/kg, with initiation of treatment 2 or 24 h after Ischemia. On the 6th day after the induction of ischemia, the animals were submitted to evaluation of locomotor activity and memory and then sacrificed...
November 22, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127884/regional-dysregulation-of-taurine-and-related-amino-acids-in-the-fetal-rat-brain-following-gestational-alcohol-exposure
#11
Raine Lunde-Young, Katie Davis-Anderson, Vishal Naik, Matthew Nemec, Guoyao Wu, Jayanth Ramadoss
The fetal brain exhibits exquisite alcohol-induced regional neuronal vulnerability. A candidate mechanism for alcohol-mediated brain deficits is disruption of amino acid (AA) bioavailability. AAs are vitally important for proper neurodevelopment, as they comprise the most abundant neurotransmitters in the brain and act as neurotransmitter precursors, nitric oxide donors, antioxidants, and neurotrophic factors, which induce synaptogenesis, neuronal proliferation, and migration. We hypothesized that gestational alcohol alters brain AA concentrations, disrupts AAs associated with neuropathogenesis, and that alterations are region-specific...
September 30, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118035/single-channel-analysis-of-isoflurane-and-ethanol-enhancement-of-taurine-activated-glycine-receptors
#12
Dean Kirson, Jelena Todorovic, S John Mihic
The amino acid taurine is an endogenous ligand acting on glycine receptors and is released by astrocytes in many brain regions, such as the nucleus accumbens and prefrontal cortex. Taurine is a partial agonist with an efficacy significantly lower than that of glycine. Allosteric modulators such as ethanol and isoflurane produce leftward shifts of glycine concentration-response curves but have no effects at saturating glycine concentrations. In contrast, in whole-cell electrophysiology studies these modulators increase the effects of saturating taurine concentrations...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105628/enhanced-physical-endurance-and-improved-memory-performance-following-taurine-administration-in-rats
#13
Irfan Sajid, Saara Ahmad, Shaista Emad, Zehra Batool, Saima Khaliq, Lubna Anis, Saiqa Tabassum, Syeda Madiha, Laraib Liaquat, Sadia Sadir, Tahira Perveen, Saida Haider
Energy drinks enhance physical endurance and cognitive ability. The ingredients present in these drinks are considered as ergogenic and have memory boosting effects. In the present study effects of taurine administration for one week was monitored on physical exercise and memory performance in rats. Animals were divided into two groups namely control and test. Taurine was injected intraperitoneally to the test group at the dose of 100mg/kg. After one week of treatment rats were subjected to physical exercise and memory task...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076667/glutamine-augments-neuronal-network-activity-in-rat-hippocampal-slices
#14
Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Muhammad Mushtaq, Muhammad Azhar Sherkheli
BACKGROUND: In recent past, a huge number of in vitro electrophysiological techniques have been developed to explore underlying mechanisms of most complicated functions of brain. Neurophysiologist and neuroscientist use different compositions of artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF) usually based on ionic and energy demands of neurons but these compositions lack amino acids such as aspartic acid, taurine and glutamine. METHODS: We used in vitro electrophysiological recording technique to estimate the effects of glutamine, an amino acid and precursor of neurotransmitters glutamate and GABA, on hippocampal sharp wave ripple activity (SPW-R) in rats...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068027/preventive-effects-of-taurine-against-d-galactose-induced-cognitive-dysfunction-and-brain-damage
#15
Dom-Gene Tu, Yao-Ling Chang, Chung-Hsi Chou, Yi-Ling Lin, Chia-Chun Chiang, Yuan-Yen Chang, Yi-Chen Chen
Oxidative stress arising from life processes or environmental influences and its resultant cellular dysfunctions are major causes of neurodegenerative disorders. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether taurine (Tau) can prevent d-galactose-induced cognitive dysfunction and brain oxidative damage. Mice given with Tau supplementation (100 and 400 mg per kg BW per day) spent shorter (p < 0.05) time in searching target in d-galactose (100 mg per kg BW per day) treated mice in a water maze reference memory experiment...
October 25, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062904/ammonia-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-energy-metabolism-disturbances-in-isolated-brain-and-liver-mitochondria-and-the-effect-of-taurine-administration-relevance-to-hepatic-encephalopathy-treatment
#16
Hossein Niknahad, Akram Jamshidzadeh, Reza Heidari, Mahdi Zarei, Mohammad Mehdi Ommati
INTRODUCTION: Ammonia-induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and energy crisis are known as some the major mechanisms of brain injury in hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Hyperammonemia also affects the liver and hepatocytes. Therefore, targeting mitochondria seems to be a therapeutic point of intervention in the treatment of HE. Taurine is an abundant amino acid in the human body. Several biological functions including the mitochondrial protective properties are attributed to this amino acid...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054014/sex-differences-in-behavioral-and-neurochemical-effects-of-gonadectomy-and-aromatase-inhibition-in-rats
#17
N Kokras, N Pastromas, D Papasava, C de Bournonville, C A Cornil, C Dalla
Aromatase inhibitors, which are widely used for the treatment of estrogen-dependent cancers, have been associated with psychiatric side effects ranging from mania to depression. In the present study, we investigated sex differences in the behavioral and neurochemical effects of aromatase inhibition on male and female, sham-operated or gonadectomized adult rats. Three weeks after surgery, rats received chronic treatment with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole or vehicle and were then subjected to the open field test, which assesses general activity...
October 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936709/taurine-counteracts-the-neurotoxic-effects-of-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-rats
#18
Greice Caletti, Ana P Herrmann, Rianne Remus Pulcinelli, Luiza Steffens, Ana Moira Morás, Priscila Vianna, José Artur Bogo Chies, Dinara Jaqueline Moura, Helena Maria Tanhauser Barros, Rosane Gomez
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease associated with oxidative stress, damage to biomolecules such as DNA, and neuroinflammation. Taurine, a sulfur-containing amino acid widespread in the brain, has neuroprotective properties that might prevent tissue injury and DNA damage induced by chronic hyperglycemia. We evaluated the effects of chronic taurine treatment on oxidative stress parameters, DNA damage and inflammatory markers in the frontal cortex, and hippocampus of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats...
September 21, 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918494/betaine-in-the-brain-characterization-of-betaine-uptake-its-influence-on-other-osmolytes-and-its-potential-role-in-neuroprotection-from-osmotic-stress
#19
Leena S Knight, Quinn Piibe, Ian Lambie, Christopher Perkins, Paul H Yancey
Betaine (N-trimethylglycine), a common osmolyte, has received attention because of the number of clinical reports associating betaine supplementation with improved cognition, neuroprotection and exercise physiology. However, tissue analyses report little accumulation of betaine in brain tissue despite the presence of betaine/GABA transporters (BGT1) at the blood brain barrier and in nervous tissue, calling into question whether betaine influences neuronal function directly or indirectly. Therefore, the focus of this study was to determine what capacity nervous tissue has to accumulate betaine, specifically in the hippocampus, a region of the brain associated with learning and memory and one that is particularly susceptible to damage (e...
December 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916270/understanding-taurine-cns-activity-using-alternative-zebrafish-models
#20
REVIEW
Nathana J Mezzomo, Barbara D Fontana, Allan V Kalueff, Leonardo J G Barcellos, Denis B Rosemberg
Taurine is a highly abundant "amino acid" in the brain. Despite the potential neuroactive role of taurine in vertebrates has long been recognized, the underlying molecular mechanisms related to its pleiotropic effects in the brain remain poorly understood. Due to the genetic tractability, rich behavioral repertoire, neurochemical conservation, and small size, the zebrafish (Danio rerio) has emerged as a powerful candidate for neuropsychopharmacology investigation and in vivo drug screening. Here, we summarize the main physiological roles of taurine in mammals, including neuromodulation, osmoregulation, membrane stabilization, and antioxidant action...
September 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
keyword
keyword
50474
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"