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lidocaine infusions

Thomas Berk, Stephen D Silberstein
BACKGROUND: Lidocaine, an amide anesthetic, has been used in the treatment of a wide variety of pain disorders for over 75 years. In addition to pain control, lidocaine is an anti-arrhythmic agent and has anti-inflammatory properties. Lidocaine's unique properties, including nonlinear pharmacokinetics, have limited its modern-day use. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to offer a better understanding of the properties of this unique treatment, which we hope will allow more practitioners to offer this to their patients...
March 14, 2018: Headache
Nurdan Bedirli, Berrin Işık, Mehrnoosh Bashiri, Kutluk Pampal, Ömer Kurtipek
RATIONALE: Sugammadex is a cylodextrin derivate that encapsulates steroidal neuromuscular blocker agents and is reported as a safe and well-tolerated drug. In this case report, we present a patient who developed grade 3 anaphylaxis just after sugammadex administration. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 22-year-old woman with diagnosis of Weaver syndrome was scheduled for bilateral mammoplasty and resection of unilateral accessory breast tissue resection. Anesthesia was induced and maintained by propofol, rocuronium, and remifentanil...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
G Soto, M Naranjo González, F Calero
Systemic lidocaine used in continuous infusion during the peri-operative period has analgesic, anti-hyperalgesic, as well as anti-inflammatory properties. This makes it capable of reducing the use of opioids and inhalational anaesthetics, and the early return of bowel function, and patient hospital stay. The aim of this narrative review was to highlight the pharmacology and indications for clinical application, along with new and interesting research areas. The clinical applications of peri-operative lidocaine infusion have been reviewed in several recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses in patients undergoing open and laparoscopic abdominal procedures, ambulatory procedures, and other types of surgery...
February 26, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Billy Sin, John Cao, David Yang, Karen Ambert, Sheena Punnapuzha
CLINICAL FEATURES: Renal colic is defined as a flank pain radiating to the groin caused by kidney stones in the ureter (urolithiasis). Renal colic is a frequent cause of Emergency Department visits. Most renal colic cases present as acute distress and severe back and/or abdominal pain that require prompt treatment with analgesics. THERAPEUTIC CHALLENGE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioids are traditionally used for renal colic in the Emergency Department...
February 13, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
Matthew Liang Jinn Ho, Stephen John Kerr, Jennifer Stevens
Background: Although intravenous (i.v.) lidocaine is used as a perioperative analgesic in abdominal surgery, evidence of efficacy is limited. The infusion dose and duration remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect of a longer low-dose 48-hour infusion regimen on these outcomes. Methods: Fifty-eight adults undergoing elective open colorectal surgery were randomized into the lidocaine group (1.5 mg/kg bolus followed by 1 mg/kg/h infusion for 48 hours) and control group...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Mohamed Said Nakhli, Mohamed Kahloul, Taieb Guizani, Chekib Zedini, Ajmi Chaouch, Walid Naija
The role of intraoperative intravenous lidocaine infusion has been previously evaluated for pain relief, inflammatory response, and post-operative recovery, particularly in abdominal surgery. The present study is a randomized double-blinded trial in which we evaluated whether IV lidocaine infusion reduces isoflurane requirement, intraoperative remifentanil consumption and time to post-operative recovery in non-laparoscopic renal surgery. Sixty patients scheduled to undergo elective non-laparoscopic renal surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled to receive either systemic lidocaine infusion (group L: bolus 1...
December 2018: Libyan Journal of Medicine
Philipp Al Ghazal, Lisa-Lena Grönemeyer, Michael P Schön
Lipomatoses are benign proliferations of adipose tissue, often with typical distribution patterns, which usually occur without clear causes. In contrast to circumscribed lipomas, they develop diffusely and symmetrically and are not surrounded by a fibrous pseudocapsule. The most common form is benign symmetric lipomatosis (BSL; Launois-Bensaude syndrome), of which four types are distinguished based on the distribution pattern of hyperplastic adipose tissue. The etiology and pathogenesis of the disease are still largely unknown, although some forms appear to have a hereditary basis or to be associated with increased alcohol consumption...
February 12, 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Brighton T Dzikiti, Patience S Ndawana, Loveness N Dzikiti, Frik G Stegmann
OBJECTIVE: To determine the minimum infusion rate (MIR) of alfaxalone required to prevent purposeful movement in response to standardized stimulation while co-administered with lidocaine at three different doses by constant infusion rate infusion (CRI) in goats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, randomized crossover, experimental. ANIMALS: A total of eight healthy goats: four does and four wethers. METHODS: Anaesthetic induction was with lidocaine at 1 mg kg-1 [low dose of lidocaine (L-Lid)], 2 mg kg-1 [moderate dose (M-Lid)] or 4 mg kg-1 [high dose (H-Lid)] and alfaxalone at 2 mg kg-1...
November 29, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Estela Irene Bortoli, Rioko Kimiko Sakata
Erythromelalgia is a neuropathic pain syndrome due to an autosomal dominant gene, characterized by erythema, increased skin temperature and burning pain in hands and feet, whose treatment is often unsatisfactory. In this paper, we report a case of a 9 years old female patient whose first episode of burning pain, erythema and edema of the hands, without triggering factors, had instant relief after immersion in cold water. She presented with systemic arterial hypertension and had seizures. The patient was treated with gabapentin (150mg...
February 2, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Dawood Aghamohammadi, Reza Movassaghi Gargari, Solmaz Fakhari, Eissa Bilehjani, Sepideh Poorsadegh
Single spinal anesthesia in transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) has been reported to be unable to prevent obturator nerve stimulation and adductor muscle contraction, which can cause complications like bladder perforation. The present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of the classic and inguinal approaches for obturator nerve block (ONB ). Seventy patients with cancers of the lateral wall of the bladder, scheduled to undergo TURBT at Imam Reza Hospital (Tabriz, Iran) during a 6-month period as of June 2016, were randomly allocated to groups of inguinal and classic methods (n=35)...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ji-Bo Zhao, Yuan-Li Li, Ye-Ming Wang, Jin-Liang Teng, Deng-Yun Xia, Jin-Shi Zhao, Fu-Long Li
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficiency and safety of intravenous infusion of lidocaine for pain management after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: A systematic search was performed in PubMed (August 1966-2017), Medline (August 1966-2017), Embase (August 1980-2017), ScienceDirect (August 1985-2017), and the Cochrane Library. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Fixed/random effect model was used according to the heterogeneity tested by I2 statistic...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yong-Chul Kim, Anyela Marcela Castañeda, Chang-Soon Lee, Hyun-Seung Jin, Keun Seok Park, Jee Youn Moon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lidocaine infusion therapy (LIT) is an effective treatment for relieving neuropathic pain (NeP). However, it remains unclear whether pain relief can be sustained through repeated lidocaine infusions. This study aimed to determine whether repeated intravenous administration of low-dose lidocaine could provide prolonged pain relief in patients with specific NeP conditions. METHODS: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel study...
January 29, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
M Beaussier, Y Parc, J Guechot, M Cachanado, A Rousseau, T Lescot
AIM: The abdominal incision for specimen extraction could trigger postoperative pain after laparoscopic colorectal resections (LCR). Continuous Wound Infusion (CWI) of ropivacaine may be a valuable option for postoperative analgesia. This study was undertaken to evaluate the potential benefits of ropivacaine CWI on pain relief, metabolic stress reaction, prevention of wound hyperalgesia and residual incisional pain after LCR. A subgroup with intravenous lidocaine infusion (IVL) was added to discriminate between the peripheral and systemic effects of local anaesthetic infusions...
January 19, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Mohammad Reza Habibi, Valiollah Habibi, Ali Habibi, Aria Soleimani
The true influence of the perioperative intravenous lidocaine on the development of postoperative cognitive deficit (POCD) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains controversial. The principal aim is to undertake a meta-regression to determine whether moderator variables mediate the relationship between lidocaine and POCD. Areas covered: We searched the Web of Science, PubMed database, Scopus and the Cochrane Library database (up to June 2017) and systematically reviewed a list of retrieved articles...
January 9, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
David J Kim, Raheel Bengali, T Anthony Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Rodney W Schnellbacher, Stephen J Divers, Jessica R Comolli, Hugues Beaufrère, Christina H Maglaras, Natalia Andrade, Laura A Barbur, Desiree D Rosselli, Marko Stejskal, Michele Barletta, Jörg Mayer, Paula Rodriguez, Jane E Quandt
OBJECTIVE To compare analgesic and gastrointestinal effects of lidocaine and buprenorphine administered to rabbits undergoing ovariohysterectomy. ANIMALS Fourteen 12-month-old female New Zealand White rabbits. PROCEDURES Rabbits were assigned to 2 treatment groups (7 rabbits/group). One group received buprenorphine (0.06 mg/kg, IV, q 8 h for 2 days), and the other received lidocaine (continuous rate infusion [CRI] at 100 μg/kg/min for 2 days). Variables, including food and water consumption, fecal output, glucose and cortisol concentrations, and behaviors while in exercise pens, were recorded...
December 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Yaroslava Chtompel, Marzieh Eghtesadi, Grisell Vargas-Schaffer
BACKGROUND Notalgia paresthetica is a neuropathic condition that manifests as a chronic itch in the thoraco-dorsal region. It is often resistant to treatment, and specific guidelines for its management are lacking. As such, we present a treatment approach with intravenous lidocaine infusions. CASE REPORT The case involves a 50-year-old woman with spinal cord injury caused by an epidural abscess. The patient developed notalgia paresthetica and sublesional neuropathic pain following its drainage. In the course of her pain management, she was treated with intravenous lidocaine which resulted in profound relief of notalgia paresthetica...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
Hayley Letson, Geoffrey Dobson
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation and coagulopathy are major drivers of injury progression following hemorrhagic trauma. Our aim was to examine the effect of small-volume 3% NaCl adenosine, lidocaine and Mg2+ (ALM) bolus and 0.9% NaCl/ALM 'drip' on inflammation and coagulation in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats (429±4 g) were randomly assigned to: 1) shams, 2) no-treatment, 3) saline-controls, 4) ALM-therapy, and 5) Hextend®. Hemorrhage was induced in anesthetized-ventilated animals by liver resection (60% left lateral lobe and 50% medial lobe)...
2017: PloS One
Hsing-Yu Weng, Anna S Cohen, Christoph Schankin, Peter J Goadsby
Background Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with cranial autonomic symptoms (SUNA) are two rare headache syndromes classified broadly as Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgias (TACs). Methods Here, 65 SUNCT (37 males) and 37 SUNA (18 males) patients were studied to describe their clinical manifestations and responses to treatment. Results Pain was almost always unilateral and side-locked...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Cecilia Vullo, Augusto Carluccio, Domenico Robbe, Marina Meligrana, Linda Petrucci, Giuseppe Catone
BACKGROUND: In order to determine whether a combination of guaiphenesin, ketamine and xylazine can induce safe and satisfactory anaesthesia in mules undergoing field castration, eight healthy adult intact male mules were employed. They were premedicated with intravenous (IV) xylazine (1.3 mg/kg); an additional dose of xylazine (0.3 mg/kg IV) was administered in case of inadequate depth of sedation. Anaesthesia was induced with IV thiopental (6 mg/kg). The quality of sedation and induction was recorded...
October 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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