keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

lidocaine infusions

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915921/total-intravenous-anaesthesia-in-a-goat-undergoing-craniectomy
#1
Verónica Vieitez, Ignacio Álvarez Gómez de Segura, Víctor López Rámis, Massimo Santella, Luis Javier Ezquerra
BACKGROUND: Cerebral coenurosis is a disease of the central nervous system in sheep and goats, and is usually fatal unless surgical relief is provided. Information regarding neuroanaesthesia in veterinary medicine in goats is scant. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe anaesthetic management of an intact female goat (2 years; 16 kg) presented for craniectomy. The goat was sedated with xylazine (0.05 mg kg(-1), i.m.) and morphine (0.05 mg kg(-1), i.m.). General anaesthesia was induced 20 min later with propofol and maintained with a constant rate infusion of propofol (0...
September 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894783/intravenous-lidocaine-versus-morphine-sulfate-in-pain-management-for-extremity-fractures-a-clinical-trial
#2
Arash Forouzan, Hassan Barzegari, Hassan Motamed, Ali Khavanin, Hamideh Shiri
INTRODUCTION: Considering the existing contradictions regarding effectiveness of intravenous (IV) lidocaine, especially in emergency department (ED), the present study was designed to compare the analgesic effect of IV lidocaine and morphine sulfate in pain management for extremity bone fractures. METHOD: In this triple blind clinical trial, 15 to 65 year-old patients with extremity fractures and in need of pain management were randomly allocated to either IV lidocaine or morphine sulfate group and were compared regarding severity of pain 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 minutes after infusion via intention to treat analysis...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835456/systematic-review-of-pharmacological-therapies-for-the-management-of-ischaemic-pain-in-patients-with-non-reconstructable-critical-limb-ischaemia
#3
REVIEW
Áine Ní Laoire, Fliss E M Murtagh
BACKGROUND: Critical limb ischaemia (CLI) is a severe manifestation of peripheral arterial disease, characterised by chronic ischaemic rest pain, ulcers or gangrene. Management of ischaemic pain is challenging in patients with no options for revascularisation and optimal pharmacological therapies have not been established. OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacological therapies to treat ischaemic pain secondary to non-reconstructable CLI...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832002/pointed-rhythmic-theta-waves-a-unique-eeg-pattern-in-kcnq2-related-neonatal-epileptic-encephalopathy
#4
Sarah Grace Buttle, Erick Sell, David Dyment, Srinivas Bulusu, Daniela Pohl
We report the case of an infant with KCNQ2-related neonatal epileptic encephalopathy presenting with intractable seizures beginning on the second day of life, which were resistant to multiple antiepileptic drugs. Continuous EEG recordings starting on the sixth day of life demonstrated a unique pattern of inter-and postictal focal rhythmic pointed theta waves of lambdoid morphology in the immediate postictal period, localizing to the side of the antecedent seizure. Interictal EEG exhibited discontinuous background, including patterns of burst suppression and multifocal discharges, predominantly in the centrotemporal regions, which were aggravated during sleep...
August 23, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814263/acute-pain-management-in-hospitalized-children
#5
Ria Dancel, Edmund Allen Liles, Darren Fiore
BACKGROUND: Acute pain in hospitalized pediatric patients is prevalent. Recent shifts in the paradigm of pediatric acute pain management focus less on reliance on opioids, due to their adverse side effects and risk of dependence, and more on multimodal pain management. OBJECTIVE: We sought to review the most recent studies on acute pain management in hospitalized pediatric patients. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database and PubMed for articles published in the past five years regarding the treatment of acute pain in pediatric patients focusing on large randomized or quasi-randomized control trials, cohort trials, and meta-analyses...
August 16, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808868/effect-of-multimodal-analgesia-on-opioid-use-after-open-ventral-hernia-repair
#6
Jeremy A Warren, Caroline Stoddard, Ahan L Hunter, Anthony J Horton, Carlyn Atwood, Joseph A Ewing, Steven Pusker, Vito A Cancellaro, Kevin B Walker, William S Cobb, Alfredo M Carbonell, Robert R Morgan
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols after ventral hernia repair (VHR). This study reports the impact of multimodal analgesia on opioid use after open VHR. METHODS: Retrospective review of open VHR treated during the initial 6 months after ERAS implementation. Protocol focused on opioid sparing using intraoperative ketamine and/or lidocaine infusion, selective epidural anesthesia, and postoperative ketamine infusion, ketorolac, and acetaminophen...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794836/comparing-epidural-surgical-anesthesia-and-spinal-anesthesia-following-epidural-labor-analgesia-for-intrapartum-cesarean-section-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Hea-Jo Yoon, Sang-Hwan Do, Yeo Jin Yun
BACKGROUND: The conversion of epidural labor analgesia (ELA) to epidural surgical anesthesia (ESA) for intrapartum cesarean section (CS) often fails, resulting in intraoperative pain. Spinal anesthesia (SA) can provide a denser sensory block than ESA. The purpose of this prospective, non-blinded, parallel-arm, randomized trial was to compare the rate of pain-free surgery between ESA and SA following ELA for intrapartum CS. METHODS: Both groups received continuous epidural infusions for labor pain at a rate of 10 ml/h...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755998/loperamide-induced-torsades-de-pointes-a-case-series
#8
Kenneth D Katz, Robert D Cannon, Matthew D Cook, Alexandra Amaducci, Ryan Day, Joshua Enyart, Glenn Burket, Lauren Porter, Timothy Roach, Jennifer Janssen, Karl E Williams
Loperamide is an over-the-counter, inexpensive, antidiarrheal opioid that can produce life-threatening toxicity at high concentrations. CASE REPORT 1: A 28-year-old man with a history of depression and substance abuse disorder (SUD) presented to the emergency department (ED) with shortness of breath and lightheadedness. He ingested large amounts of loperamide daily. The patient's initial electrocardiogram (ECG) demonstrated sinus rhythm, right axis deviation, undetectable PR interval, QRS 168 ms, and QTc 693 ms...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742427/a-comparison-of-multimodal-analgesic-approaches-in-institutional-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-for-colorectal-surgery-pharmacological-agents
#9
Erik M Helander, Michael P Webb, Meghan Bias, Edward E Whang, Alan D Kaye, Richard D Urman
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS(®)) protocols are the cornerstone of improved recovery after colorectal surgery. Their implementation leads to reduced morbidity and shorter hospital stays while attenuating the surgical stress response. Multimodal analgesia is an important part of ERAS protocols. We compared and contrasted protocols from 15 institutions to test our hypothesis that there is a fundamental consensus among them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ERAS protocols for open and laparoscopic colorectal surgery were compared from 15 different healthcare facilities...
September 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738006/effect-of-lidocaine-on-inflammation-in-equine-jejunum-subjected-to-manipulation-only-and-remote-to-intestinal-segments-subjected-to-ischemia
#10
Anje G Bauck, Astrid Grosche, Alison J Morton, A Sarah Graham, Thomas W Vickroy, David E Freeman
OBJECTIVE To examine effects of continuous rate infusion of lidocaine on transmural neutrophil infiltration in equine intestine subjected to manipulation only and remote to ischemic intestine. ANIMALS 14 healthy horses. PROCEDURES Ventral midline celiotomy was performed (time 0). Mild ischemia was induced in segments of jejunum and large colon. A 1-m segment of jejunum was manipulated by massaging the jejunal wall 10 times. Horses received lidocaine (n = 7) or saline (0.9% NaCl) solution (7) throughout anesthesia...
August 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727585/closed-continuous-irrigation-with-lidocaine-and-immediate-mobilization-for-treatment-of-pyogenic-tenosynovitis
#11
Rebecca Knackstedt, Joyce Tyler, Steven Bernard
Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis treatment consists of either closed continuous irrigation with sterile saline or antibiotic solution, or open debridement and irrigation. These treatment approaches serve to resolve the infection, but are extremely painful and residual stiffness can be devastating to the patient. We describe herein our approach to managing pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis. To provide continuous irrigation, a butterfly catheter with needle removed is utilized with irrigation holes cut into the tubing...
September 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705592/effect-of-perioperative-intravenous-lidocaine-infusion-on-postoperative-recovery-following-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Xiaoli Song, Yanxia Sun, Xiaomei Zhang, Tianzuo Li, Binbin Yang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Intravenous lidocaine infusion has been shown to facilitate postoperative recovery after major abdominal surgery. The current randomized controlled study was performed to assess the effect of perioperative intravenous lidocaine infusion on pain intensity, bowel function and cytokine response after larparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Eighty patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated to receive intravenous lidocaine (bolus injection of 1...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701350/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-improve-medication-use-during-rapid-sequence-intubation-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#13
Michelle C Caruso, Jenna R Dyas, Matthew R Mittiga, Andrea S Rinderknecht, Benjamin T Kerrey
PURPOSE: Results of a study to determine whether checklist-based interventions improved the selection and administration of rapid-sequence intubation (RSI) medications in a pediatric emergency department (ED) are reported. METHODS: A retrospective study of data collected during a quality-improvement project was conducted. Data sources included the electronic health record and video review. The central intervention was use of a 21-item RSI checklist, which included guidance for the physician team leader on medication selection and timing...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698692/cardiovascular-effects-of-constant-rate-infusions-of-lidocaine-lidocaine-and-dexmedetomidine-and-dexmedetomidine-in-dogs-anesthetized-at-equipotent-doses-of-sevoflurane
#14
Rafael Moran-Muñoz, Alexander Valverde, J A Ibancovichi, Carlos M Acevedo-Arcique, Sergio Recillas-Morales, Pedro Sanchez-Aparicio, Jorge Osorio-Avalos, Julio Raul Chavez-Monteagudo
This study evaluated the cardiovascular effects of a constant rate infusion (CRI) of lidocaine, lidocaine and dexmedetomidine, and dexmedetomidine in dogs anesthetized with sevoflurane at equipotent doses. Treatments consisted of T1-Lidocaine [loading dose 2 mg/kg body weight (BW), IV, and CRI of 100 μg/kg BW per min] at 1.4% end-tidal of sevoflurane (FESEV); T2-Dexmedetomidine (loading dose 2 μg/kg BW, IV, and CRI of 2 μg/kg BW per hour) and FESEV 1.1%; and T3-Lidocaine-Dexmedetomidine using the same doses of T1 and T2 and FESEV 0...
July 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691873/immune-inflammatory-activation-after-a-single-laparotomy-in-a-rat-model-effect-of-adenosine-lidocaine-and-mg-2-infusion-to-dampen-the-stress-response
#15
Lisa Davenport, Hayley L Letson, Geoffrey P Dobson
Our aim was to examine the effect of low-volume 0.9% NaCl adenosine, lidocaine and Mg(2+) (ALM) 'drip' on early immune-inflammatory activation after a single laparotomy with no further manipulation. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized and randomly assigned to one of the groups, baseline, 1 h infusion 0.9% NaCl ± ALM and metrics, 1 h infusion and 6-h metrics, and 6 h continuous infusion and metrics. Complete blood count, acid-base balance, systemic levels of IL-6 and IL-10, and coagulation status were measured...
July 2017: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691269/the-effect-of-intraoperative-systemic-lidocaine-on-postoperative-persistent-pain-using-immpact-criteria-assessment-following-breast-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
Mark C Kendall, Robert J McCarthy, Steve Panaro, Emily Goodwin, Jane M Bialek, Antoun Nader, Gildasio De Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence in postsurgical persistent pain following breast cancer surgery in women receiving intravenous lidocaine compared to saline using validated pain instruments in accordance with the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT) recommendations. METHODS: The study was a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. Subjects were randomized into Group 1 (1.5 mg/kg bolus of intravenous lidocaine followed by a 2mg/kg/hr infusion) or Group 2 (normal saline at the same bolus and infusion rate)...
July 10, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623471/the-effect-of-intravenous-lidocaine-infusion-on-bispectral-index-during-major-abdominal-surgery
#17
Patrick Bazin, James Padley, Matthew Ho, Jennifer Stevens, Erez Ben-Menachem
Intraoperative lidocaine infusion has become widely accepted as an adjunct to general anesthesia where its use has been associated with opioid-sparing and enhanced recovery. The aims of this study were to determine whether or not intravenous (IV) lidocaine infusion (a) has an anesthetic sparing effect during major colorectal procedures and (b) if it also affects level of hypnosis as measured by bispectral index (BIS). Twenty-five patients undergoing laparotomy for resection of colorectal tumours were randomized to receive either IV lidocaine (1...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621182/-non-intubated-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats-lobectomy-as-a-new-procedure-in-our-department
#18
József Furák, Zsolt Szabó, Theodor Horváth, Tibor Géczi, Balázs Pécsy, Tibor Németh, Aurél Ottlakán, Zsolt Molnár, György Lázár
AIM: Due to the emerging experience in VATS (video assisted thoracic surgery) lobectomies, in some centers the so called "non-intubated" VATS lobectomies (NITS - non-intubated thoracic surgery) gained increased authority, during which endotracheal intubation and muscle relaxation of the patient is not carried out, thus surgery is being performed with the patient breathing spontaneously. The recent study deals with our initial experience gained during uniportal NITS VATS lobectomies. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Between 24...
June 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607333/the-impact-of-dexmedetomidine-or-xylocaine-continuous-infusion-on-opioid-consumption-and-quality-of-recovery-following-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-randomized-double-blinded-controlled-study
#19
Abeer A Sherif, Hazem E Elsersy
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain control for morbidly obese patients represents a challenge because of their sensitivity towards opioid-induced respiratory depression. We elected both dexmedetomidine and xylocaine (lidocaine) continuous infusions as adjuvants because they lack respiratory depression side effect. METHODS: 150 ASA I to III patients were enrolled in the study, randomly allocated into three equal parallel groups; the control, lidocaine or dexmedetomidine group...
June 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604179/bolus-administration-of-intravenous-lidocaine-reduces-pain-after-an-elective-caesarean-section-findings-from-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Afshin Gholipour Baradari, Abolfazl Firouzian, Farshad Hasanzadeh Kiabi, Amir Emami Zeydi, Mohammad Khademloo, Zeinab Nazari, Masoumeh Sanagou, Maedeh Ghobadi, Ensieh Fooladi
We conducted a randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to assess whether a bolus dose of lidocaine during the induction of general anaesthesia would reduce postoperative pain over 24 h. Level of satisfaction with pain control at 48 h after surgery and Apgar score were also examined. A total of 100 women aged 20-35 years, who were candidates for elective caesarean section (CS) were randomised to receive either 1.5 mg/kg lidocaine or placebo during the induction of general anaesthesia. Results showed that lidocaine decreased pain intensity over 24 h after surgery (p < ...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
keyword
keyword
50472
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"