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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462866/traumatic-brain-injury-sleep-disorders-and-psychiatric-disorders-an-underrecognized-relationship
#1
REVIEW
Anne M Morse, David R Garner
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is commonplace among pediatric patients and has a complex, but intimate relationship with psychiatric disease and disordered sleep. Understanding the factors that influence the risk for the development of TBI in pediatrics is a critical component of beginning to address the consequences of TBI. Features that may increase risk for experiencing TBI sometimes overlap with factors that influence the development of post-concussive syndrome (PCS) and recovery course. Post-concussive syndrome includes physical, psychological, cognitive and sleep-wake dysfunction...
February 15, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458694/persistent-high-residual-ahi-after-cpap-use
#2
Leay Kiaw Er, Shinn-Kuang Lin, Stephen Shei-Dei Yang, Chou-Chin Lan, Yao-Kuang Wu, Mei-Chen Yang
Treatment-emergent central sleep apnea has recently been noted after various treatment modalities for obstructive sleep apnea. It often remits spontaneously or can be treated with continuous positive airway pressure. However, we encountered a pediatric patient with obstructive sleep apnea who presented with severe complications, including growth failure, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, poor school performance, daytime sleepiness, and urinary difficulty that required permanent cystostomy. His obstructive sleep apnea resolved after adenotonsillectomy...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458333/pre-anesthetic-assessment-with-three-core-questions-for-the-detection-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-childhood-an-observational-study
#3
Joerg Schnoor, Thilo Busch, Nazar Turemuratov, Andreas Merkenschlager
BACKGROUND: Children with obstructive sleep apnea are at high risk for perioperative airway obstruction. Many "at risk" children may remain unrecognized. The aim of this study is to find a clinically practicable test to identify obstructive sleep apnea in childhood. METHODS: In this pilot study, we prospectively compared four parental questionnaires with the respective findings of subsequent sleep laboratory testing in children. Right before sleep laboratory testing, children's parents answered both the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire, a subscale of the Sleep Related Breathing Disorder questionnaire (PSQ-SRBD-Subscale), and an eight-item questionnaire derived from it...
February 20, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455855/impact-of-degree-of-obesity-on-sleep-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-youth
#4
Brandi N Whitaker, Paige L Fisher, Supriya Jambhekar, Gulnur Com, Samiya Razzaq, Julia E Thompson, Todd G Nick, Wendy L Ward
OBJECTIVE: Obese youth are more likely to report difficulties with sleep, depression, and quality of life (QOL). This study aims to characterize sleep problems, QOL, and symptoms of depression by degree of obesity. METHOD: The cross-sectional study was conducted in a specialized obesity clinic. Obese youth and their caregivers (N = 150) were evaluated with the Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire and Pediatric Quality of Life. Youth completed the Children's Depression Inventory...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453636/assessment-of-oximetry-based-statistical-classifiers-as-simplified-screening-tools-in-the-management-of-childhood-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Andrea Crespo, Daniel Álvarez, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, Gonzalo C Gutiérrez-Tobal, Ana Cerezo-Hernández, David Gozal, Roberto Hornero, Félix Del Campo
PURPOSE: A variety of statistical models based on overnight oximetry has been proposed to simplify the detection of children with suspected obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Despite the usefulness reported, additional thorough comparative analyses are required. This study was aimed at assessing common binary classification models from oximetry for the detection of childhood OSAS. METHODS: Overnight oximetry recordings from 176 children referred for clinical suspicion of OSAS were acquired during in-lab polysomnography...
February 16, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452740/trends-in-the-incidence-of-sudden-unexpected-infant-death-in-the-newborn-1995-2014
#6
Joel L Bass, Tina Gartley, David A Lyczkowski, Ronald Kleinman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiology of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) over a 20-year period in the US, to assess the potential frequency of sudden unexpected postnatal collapse in the early days of life, and to determine if SUID rates in the neonatal period (0-27 days) have changed in parallel with rates in the postneonatal periods, including the percentages attributed to codes that include accidental suffocation. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Linked Birth/Infant Death Records for 1995-2014 were analyzed for the first hour, day, week, and month of life...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450676/comorbid-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-increased-risk-for-sickle-cell-disease-morbidity
#7
Tal Katz, Jeffrey Schatz, Carla W Roberts
PURPOSE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) imparts an increased risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in childhood. Studies of pediatric SCD have identified an increased risk for pain and neurologic complications with comorbid OSA. We determined the rate of a broad range of SCD-related medical complications to better characterize the spectrum of SCD complications related to OSA. METHODS: Retrospective chart review at a single hematology clinic identified 641 youth with SCD who received consistent screenings for OSA as part of routine hematological health maintenance visits over an 11-year period...
February 15, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450642/risk-factors-of-non-specific-spinal-pain-in-childhood
#8
Julia Szita, Sara Boja, Agnes Szilagyi, Annamaria Somhegyi, Peter Pal Varga, Aron Lazary
PURPOSE: Non-specific spinal pain can occur at all ages and current evidence suggests that pediatric non-specific spinal pain is predictive for adult spinal conditions. A 5-year long, prospective cohort study was conducted to identify the lifestyle and environmental factors leading to non-specific spinal pain in childhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from school children aged 7-16 years, who were randomly selected from three different geographic regions in Hungary...
February 15, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449820/headache-and-alexithymia-in-children-and-adolescents-what-is-the-connection
#9
REVIEW
Giulia Natalucci, Noemi Faedda, Dario Calderoni, Rita Cerutti, Paola Verdecchia, Vincenzo Guidetti
Background: Headache is one of the most common complaints in children and adolescents and comorbidity rates are very high and the major associated diseases are depression, anxiety, atopic disorders, sleep, and behavioral disorders. In recent years, it has been highlighted that difficulties regulating emotions such as alexithymia have also been associated with diagnosis of somatization. Methods: We carried out a mini review analyzing the relation between alexithymia and primary headache (e.g., migraine and tension type headache) in children and adolescents by synthesizing the relevant studies in the literature on PubMed, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447889/correlations-between-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-longitudinal-growth
#10
Do-Yang Park, Ji Ho Choi, So Young Kang, Jinjoo Han, Hun Yi Park, Jin Soon Hwang, Jae Ho Cho, Min Hyuk Cho, Hyun Jun Kim
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea has a relatively high prevalence and has various negative health and behavioral consequences. Among the various complications of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea, growth disturbance is still controversial. METHOD: 745 pediatric subjects with obstructive sleep apnea diagnosed by in-lab polysomnography were enrolled, after excluding ineligible subjects with abnormal growth related factors. Height, weight, and BMI of enrolled patients were measured and statistically converted to z-scores, and the converted data were analyzed statistically with the polysomnographic results...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447815/pre-and-post-operative-evaluation-of-the-frequency-of-nocturnal-enuresis-and-modified-pediatric-epworth-scale-in-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#11
Kerem Sami Kaya, Bilge Türk, Zeynep Nur Erol, Pınar Akova, Berna Uslu Coşkun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the beneficial effect of adenotonsillectomy (AT) on nocturnal enuresis (NE) in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy and evaluate the Modified Pediatric Epworth Scale (MPES). METHODS: This was a prospective study comparing preoperative and postoperative evaluation of the frequency of NE and MPES in pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A questionnaire on NE history was prepared based on the Turkish Enuresis Guidelines. NE histories were evaluated pre- and postoperatively on the first month and third month, respectively...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446988/diagnosing-tongue-base-obstruction-in-pierre-robin-sequence-infants-sleep-vs-awake-endoscopy
#12
Jake J Lee, Matthew D Ford, Allison B Tobey, Noel Jabbour
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether awake endoscopy can diagnose base-of-tongue obstruction as reliably as sleep endoscopy in infants with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS). DESIGN: The study was retrospective with the clinicians blinded to patient identity. Endoscopy findings were assessed and measured by the performing pediatric otolaryngologist. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: All infants with PRS managed between January 2005 and July 2015 were included...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446795/management-of-pediatric-migraine-current-therapies
#13
Marina Khrizman, Ann Pakalnis
Migraine is one of the most common neurologic conditions in pediatrics. It can be a significant stressor, causing absences from school and interruption of parents' work and family schedules. The mainstay of treatment remains educating patients about healthy lifestyle practices and the influences of sleep, stressors, and hydration on triggering migraine attacks. Psychological therapies such as biofeedback or cognitive-behavioral therapy may be beneficial in some patients, especially those with prominent psychological comorbidities...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442277/exploring-lactation-consultant-views-on-infant-safe-sleep
#14
Nichole L Hodges, Lara B McKenzie, Sarah E Anderson, Mira L Katz
Objectives The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the infant safe sleep beliefs and occupational practices of lactation consultants and to determine if lactation consultants give advice to clients that is consistent with the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations on this topic. Methods Focus groups were conducted with certified lactation consultants in two cities in Ohio. Participants discussed the role of lactation consultants, the infant sleep advice they provide to women, their views on the American Academy of Pediatrics' infant safe sleep recommendations and related policies, and perceived benefits and barriers associated with providing infant safe sleep education as part of their work...
February 13, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433698/barriers-to-and-interventions-that-increase-nurses-and-parents-compliance-with-safe-sleep-recommendations-for-preterm-infants
#15
REVIEW
Mary Rose Naugler, Kristine DiCarlo
The purpose of this integrative review was to identify interventions that increase compliance of nurses and of parents with safe sleep recommendations for premature infants. Ten studies were included in the final sample, including three studies with a prospective descriptive design, five quality improvement initiatives with an interventional research design, one secondary analysis, and one retrospective medical chart review. Study samples included neonatal nurses and parents of premature infants in NICUs and transitional care nurseries in Massachusetts, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Texas...
February 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432244/pediatric-sleep-disorders
#16
Kiran Maski, Judith Owens
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides an overview of the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of insomnia, restless legs syndrome, periodic limb movements of sleep, parasomnias, narcolepsy, and sleep-related breathing disorders among children and adolescents. RECENT FINDINGS: Pediatric presentations of sleep disorders differ from adult presentations, making diagnosis challenging. Specific clinical syndromes, such as cataplexy in children with narcolepsy type 1, can have an altogether different presentation compared to adult-onset symptoms, contributing to diagnostic delays and potential misdiagnoses...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432207/prevalence-of-comorbid-conditions-pre-existing-and-diagnosed-at-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-weight-management-clinic
#17
Griselle Leon, Elizabeth de Klerk, Josephine Ho, Michelle Jackman, Raylene A Reimer, Kimberly E Connors, Paola Luca
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity places individuals at risk for a multitude of physical and mental health problems. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of obesity related comorbidities diagnosed prior to and after attending a tertiary care pediatric weight management clinic. METHODS: A cross sectional retrospective chart review of patients 2-17 years old seen in the weight management clinic at Alberta Children's Hospital from May 2012 to May 2014. RESULTS: A total of 199 patients were included in the review...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428066/utility-of-bispectrum-in-the-screening-of-pediatric-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-using-oximetry-recordings
#18
Fernando Vaquerizo-Villar, Daniel Álvarez, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, Gonzalo César Gutiérrez-Tobal, Verónica Barroso-García, Andrea Crespo, Félix Del Campo, David Gozal, Roberto Hornero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the utility of bispectrum-based oximetry approaches as a complementary tool to traditional techniques in the screening of pediatric sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS). METHODS: 298 blood oxygen saturation (SpO 2 ) signals from children ranging 0-13 years of age were recorded during overnight polysomnography (PSG). These recordings were divided into three severity groups according to the PSG-derived apnea hypopnea index (AHI): AHI < 5 events per hour (e/h), 5 ≤ AHI < 10 e/h, AHI ≥ 10 e/h...
March 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422929/a-sleep-education-and-hypnotics-reduction-program-for-hospitalized-patients-at-a-general-hospital
#19
Seockhoon Chung, Soyoung Youn, Boram Park, Suyeon Lee, Changnam Kim
Objective: We applied a program of sleep education and hypnotics reduction for inpatients (the i-sleep program). This study explored whether the i-sleep program is effective for reducing the prescription rate of sleeping pills to inpatients in a general hospital. Methods: We estimated the proportion of inpatients prescribed hypnotics at admission to and discharge from the hospital, excluding pediatric care units, before (2014) and after (2015) the program. In addition, we estimated the proportion of inpatients prescribed sleeping pills among all inpatients on the first day of each month of 2014 and 2015...
January 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415685/gluten-free-diet-may-improve-obstructive-sleep-apnea-related-symptoms-in-children-with-celiac-disease
#20
Anat Yerushalmy-Feler, Riva Tauman, Ari Derowe, Eran Averbuch, Amir Ben-Tov, Yael Weintraub, Dror Weiner, Achiya Amir, Hadar Moran-Lev, Shlomi Cohen
BACKGROUND: Enlarged tonsils and adenoids are the major etiology of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children. Lymphatic hyperplasia is common to both OSA and celiac disease. We aimed to investigate the effect of a gluten-free diet on OSA symptoms in children with celiac disease. METHODS: Children with celiac disease aged 2-18 years were prospectively recruited before the initiation of a gluten-free diet. Children with negative celiac serology who underwent gastrointestinal endoscopies for other indications served as controls...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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