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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720264/fatigue-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#1
Michelle Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, Eufemia Jacob, Emiliana Omena Bomfim, Luis Carlos Lopes-Junior, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima, Milena Floria-Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento
PURPOSE: The study examined the different dimensions of fatigue (general, sleep/rest, cognitive), health related quality of life (HRQL) (physical, emotional, cognitive, social), and the relationships between fatigue and HRQL in hospitalized children and adolescents with cancer in Brazil. METHOD: Participants were recruited from a pediatric oncology inpatient unit in a comprehensive cancer care hospital in southeast Brazil. They completed the PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale and the PedsQL Inventory of Quality of Life (Generic and Cancer module) once during hospitalization...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716513/update-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-within-pediatric-patients
#2
Jeffrey Rabin, Mackenzie Brown, Sean Alexander
Pediatric chronic pain is a challenging entity to evaluate and treat as it encompasses a wide variety of presentations often with overlapping psychosocial implications. Chronic pain may have significant effects upon a child's involvement in academic, athletic, and social participation. If unrecognized, it may have deleterious effects upon family interactions and stability. The treatment of pediatric chronic pain is focused on not only providing analgesia, but also on assisting the child and family with reintegrating into a more functional lifestyle...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709518/developing-a-state-wide-infrastructure-for-safe-sleep-promotion
#3
Carolyn R Ahlers-Schmidt, Christy Schunn, Stephanie Kuhlmann, Zachary Kuhlmann, Matthew Engel
OBJECTIVES: Sleep-related deaths are the third leading cause of infant death in Kansas. This manuscript describes implementation of an infrastructure of regional trainers to educate on the American Academy of Pediatrics safe sleep recommendations. DESIGN: Prospective evaluation of training program on knowledge transfer. SETTING: Instructors were recruited from throughout the state of Kansas and trained to provide safe sleep education in their communities...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708880/pediatric-sleep-apnea-and-depressive-disorders-risk-a-population-based-15-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Chun-Hung Chang, Shaw-Ji Chen, Chieh-Yu Liu
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown a higher risk of depressive disorders in children with sleep apnea than in those without sleep apnea. However, the association between sleep apnea and subsequent depressive disorders in the pediatric population remains undetermined. Thus, this study investigated the risk of depressive disorders among pediatric patients with sleep apnea. METHODS: In this study, the population-based National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan was used to identify patients who had first been diagnosed with sleep apnea between 1999 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708425/reference-values-for-the-pediatric-quality-of-life-inventory-and-the-multidimensional-fatigue-scale-in-adolescent-athletes-by-sport-and-sex
#5
Alison R Snyder Valier, Cailee E Welch Bacon, R Curtis Bay, Eileen Molzen, Kenneth C Lam, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
BACKGROUND: Effective use of patient-rated outcome measures to facilitate optimal patient care requires an understanding of the reference values of these measures within the population of interest. Little is known about reference values for commonly used patient-rated outcome measures in adolescent athletes. PURPOSE: To determine reference values for the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and the Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (MFS) in adolescent athletes by sport and sex...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707100/improving-safe-sleep-modeling-in-the-hospital-through-policy-implementation
#6
Rachel Heitmann, Ester K Nilles, Ashley Jeans, Jackie Moreland, Chris Clarke, Morgan F McDonald, Michael D Warren
Introduction Sleep-related infant deaths are major contributors to Tennessee's high infant mortality rate. The purpose of this initiative was to evaluate the impact of policy-based efforts to improve modeling of safe sleep practices by health care providers in hospital settings across Tennessee. Methods Safe sleep policies were developed and implemented at 71 hospitals in Tennessee. Policies, at minimum, were required to address staff training on the American Academy of Pediatrics' safe sleep recommendations, correct modeling of infant safe sleep practices, and parent education...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707054/frequency-and-management-of-sleep-disturbance-in-adults-with-atopic-dermatitis-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Caleb Jeon, Di Yan, Mio Nakamura, Sahil Sekhon, Tina Bhutani, Timothy Berger, Wilson Liao
INTRODUCTION: Intense nocturnal pruritus as well as the complex pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis (AD) can severely affect sleep and become a major factor in negatively impacting quality of life in adults. However, much of the literature on sleep disturbance in AD patients is on the pediatric population, and it is not well studied in adults. Furthermore, limited studies are available to guide effective management of sleep disturbance in AD in general. We review the literature to present the studies that have investigated the relationship between AD and its effect on sleep in adults and provide an approach for clinicians caring for this population...
July 13, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706399/comparative-effect-of-divided-doses-of-adult-solid-and-liquid-oral-formulations-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-the-management-of-pediatric-epilepsy
#8
Ravi Prasad Nidanapu, Bascarane Tamijarassy, Subramanian Mahadevan, Batmanabane Gitanjali
OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences in the efficacy and safety of the commonly prescribed AEDs in the management of epilepsy in children when using divided doses of adult solid oral formulations (DDSF) with the liquid oral formulations (LFs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who had one or more seizures per month and prescribed with DDSF were recruited. Initially the patients were continued on DDSF for 4 months following which they were switched over to LF for the subsequent 4 months...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693780/research-in-obstructive-sleep-disorders-in-pediatrics-past-and-possible-future
#9
EDITORIAL
Ian Nathanson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692430/adherence-to-safe-sleep-recommendations-by-families-with-higher-order-multiples
#10
Madeline C Haas, Donna Dowling, Elizabeth G Damato
BACKGROUND: More than 95% of higher-order multiples are born preterm and more than 90% are low birth weight, making this group of infants especially vulnerable to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Emerging evidence suggests that families with twins face challenges adhering to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations to reduce SIDS risks. Adherence to the AAP recommendations in families with higher-order multiples has not been described. PURPOSE: This study describes SIDS risk reduction infant care practices for higher-order multiples during the first year of life...
July 6, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691502/associations-of-quality-of-life-with-health-related-characteristics-among-children-with-autism
#11
Karen A Kuhlthau, Erin McDonnell, Dan L Coury, Nalin Payakachat, Eric Macklin
We examine whether behavioral, mental health, and physical health characteristics of children with autism are associated with baseline and change in health-related quality of life. We measured health-related quality of life with the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 total scores from children enrolled in the Autism Treatment Network. We used linear mixed model regressions with random slopes. Predictors of lower health-related quality of life at baseline included demographic and insurance characteristics, diagnosis, higher Child Behavior Checklist internalizing and externalizing scores, sleep problems by Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire, seizures, gastrointestinal problems, and mental health problems...
July 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688573/comparison-between-selective-and-routine-intensive-care-unit-admission-post-supraglottoplasty
#12
Timothy Cooper, Bree Harris, Ahmed Mourad, Daniel Garros, Hamdy El-Hakim
OBJECTIVE: To compare major post-operative respiratory complications, post-operative disposition and duration of hospital admission before and after adopting a selective intensive care unit (ICU) admission care plan following supraglottoplasty (SGP). METHODS: Retrospective case series set in a tertiary pediatric referral center. Eligible patients undergoing SGP between October 2003 and July 2015 were identified through a prospectively kept surgical database. Historical cohorts with routine admission to ICU and selective admission to ICU were identified based on a shift in surgeon practice...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681043/pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-%C3%A2-role-of-the-dentist
#13
Shirley Leibovitz, Yaron Haviv, Yair Sharav, Galit Almoznino, Doron Aframian, Uri Zilberman
OBJECTIVE: In this review article, the role of the dentist in the evaluation and treatment of snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) in children is described. Snoring and OSAS in children is receiving increased awareness, with reported rates approximating 10% of children who regularly snore, and up to 4% who suffer from OSAS. OSAS in children may have serious developmental and behavioral consequences. Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI) is the main outcome of the polysomnography test, but its diagnostic values differ from children to adults, as do treatment approaches...
July 4, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675097/adenotonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-quality-of-life-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Cameron A Todd, Anna K Bareiss, Edward D McCoul, Kimsey H Rodriguez
Objective To determine the impact of adenotonsillectomy on the quality of life of pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and to identify gaps in the current research. Data Sources The MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were systematically searched via the Ovid portal on June 18, 2016, for English-language articles. Review Methods Full-text articles were selected that studied boys and girls <18 years of age who underwent adenotonsillectomy for OSA or sleep-disordered breathing and that recorded validated, quantitative quality-of-life outcomes...
June 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674767/use-of-time-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-10-to-13-year-old-children-not-all-screen-time-or-physical-activity-minutes-are-the-same
#15
Margarita D Tsiros, Michelle G Samaras, Alison M Coates, Timothy Olds
PURPOSE: To investigate associations between aspects of time use and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in youth. METHODS: 239 obese and healthy-weight 10- to 13-year-old Australian children completed the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™) quantifying their health-related quality of life. Time use was evaluated over four days using the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adolescents (MARCA), a validated 24 h recall tool. The average number of minutes/day spent in physical activity (divided into sport, active transport and play), screen time (divided into television, videogames and computer use), and sleep were calculated...
July 3, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674681/myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management-in-young-people-a-primer
#16
REVIEW
Peter C Rowe, Rosemary A Underhill, Kenneth J Friedman, Alan Gurwitt, Marvin S Medow, Malcolm S Schwartz, Nigel Speight, Julian M Stewart, Rosamund Vallings, Katherine S Rowe
Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a complex disease that affects children and adolescents as well as adults. The etiology has not been established. While many pediatricians and other health-care providers are aware of ME/CFS, they often lack essential knowledge that is necessary for diagnosis and treatment. Many young patients experience symptoms for years before receiving a diagnosis. This primer, written by the International Writing Group for Pediatric ME/CFS, provides information necessary to understand, diagnose, and manage the symptoms of ME/CFS in children and adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669082/accompanying-migrainous-features-in-pediatric-migraine-patients-with-restless-legs-syndrome
#17
Melis Sohtaoğlu Sevindik, Seden Demirci, Baki Göksan, Aynur Özge, Feray Karaali Savrun, Hatice Onur, Veli Yıldırım, Ismail Simsek, Harika Ozhan, Derya Uludüz
The present study aimed to examine the frequency of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in pediatric patients with migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) and to investigate accompanying migrainous symptoms, sleep characteristics, as well as levels of serum ferritin between the pediatric migraine patients with RLS and those without RLS. We included 65 consecutive patients diagnosed with migraine, 20 patients with TTH, and 97 headache-free children in our study. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were noted...
July 1, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654799/neurobehavioral-consequences-of-continuous-spike-and-waves-during-slow-sleep-csws-in-a-pediatric-population-a-pattern-of-developmental-hindrance
#18
Valentina De Giorgis, Melissa Filippini, Joyce Ann Macasaet, Silvia Masnada, Pierangelo Veggiotti
INTRODUCTION: Continuous spike and waves during slow sleep (CSWS) is a typical EEG pattern defined as diffuse, bilateral and recently also unilateral or focal localization spike-wave occurring in slow sleep or non-rapid eye movement sleep. Literature results so far point out a progressive deterioration and decline of intellectual functioning in CSWS patients, i.e. a loss of previously normally acquired skills, as well as persistent neurobehavioral disorders, beyond seizure and EEG control...
June 24, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651794/airflow-shape-is-associated-with-the-pharyngeal-structure-causing-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Pedro R Genta, Scott A Sands, James P Butler, Stephen H Loring, Eliot S Katz, B Gail Demko, Eric J Kezirian, David P White, Andrew Wellman
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) results from the collapse of different pharyngeal structures (soft palate, tongue, lateral walls, epiglottis). The structure involved in collapse has been shown to impact non-CPAP OSA treatment. Different inspiratory airflow shapes are also observed among OSA patients. We hypothesized that inspiratory flow shape reflects the underlying pharyngeal structure involved in airway collapse. METHODS: Subjects with OSA were studied with a pediatric endoscope and simultaneous nasal flow and pharyngeal pressure recordings during natural sleep...
June 23, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645463/etiologies-of-chronic-cough-in-pediatric-cohorts-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#20
Anne B Chang, John J Oppenheimer, Miles Weinberger, Cameron C Grant, Bruce K Rubin, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: In children (aged ≤14-years) there is no published systematic review on the etiologies of chronic cough or, the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic cough. We thus undertook systematic reviews based on key questions (KQs) using the PICO format. The KQs were: Among children with chronic (>4 weeks) cough: (1) are the common etiologies different from adults? (2) are the common etiologies age and/or setting dependent? and; (3) is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) an etiology of chronic cough in children? METHODS: We used the CHEST expert cough panel's protocol and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and GRADE framework...
June 20, 2017: Chest
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