keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric sleep

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546380/respiratory-implications-of-pediatric-neuromuscular-disease
#1
Howard B Panitch
Children with progressive neuromuscular weakness undergo a stereotypical progression of respiratory involvement, beginning with impaired airway clearance and progressing to nocturnal and then diurnal ventilatory failure. This review examines issues related to airway clearance and mucus mobilization, sleep problems, and use of assisted ventilation in children with neuromuscular diseases. Interventions for each of these problems have been created or adapted for the pediatric population. The use of airway clearance therapies and assisted ventilation have improved survival of children with neuromuscular weakness...
June 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541759/the-psychometric-properties-of-an-arabic-version-of-the-pedsql-multidimensional-fatigue-scale-tested-for-children-with-cancer
#2
Ekhlas Al-Gamal, Tony Long
Fatigue is considered to be one of the most reported symptoms experienced by children with cancer. A major aim of this study was to develop an Arabic version of the Pediatric Quality of Life (PedsQL) Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (child report) and to test its psychometric proprieties for the assessment of fatigue in Arabic children with cancer. The PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (Arabic version) and the PedsQL TM 4.0 Generic Core scale (existing Arabic version) were completed by 70 Jordanian children with cancer...
May 25, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541508/self-efficacy-and-short-term-adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-in-children
#3
Melissa S Xanthopoulos, Ji Young Kim, Michael Blechner, Ming-Yu Chang, Mary Kate Menello, Christina Brown, Edward Matthews, Terri E Weaver, Justine Shults, Carole L Marcus
Study Objectives: Infants, children and adolescents are increasingly being prescribed continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS), yet adherence is often poor. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between caregiver and patient-reported health cognitions about CPAP prior to starting CPAP, and CPAP adherence at one month. We hypothesized that greater caregiver-reported self-efficacy would be positively associated with CPAP adherence in children...
May 24, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528482/evertor-muscle-activity-as-a-predictor-for-recurrence-in-idiopathic-clubfoot
#4
Perajit Eamsobhana, Pipat Kongwachirapaitoon, Kamolporn Kaewpornsawan
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is a complex three-dimensional deformity. Although brace compliance after initial correction was previously found to be significantly associated with recurrence in clubfoot, few previous studies have specifically examined evertor muscle function as a factor that contributes to recurrence in children with idiopathic and non-idiopathic clubfoot. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among brace compliance, evertor muscle grading, and recurrence rate in pediatric clubfoot patients...
May 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522103/urinary-biomarkers-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-down-syndrome
#5
Ibrahim Elsharkawi, David Gozal, Eric A Macklin, Lauren Voelz, Gil Weintraub, Brian G Skotko
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to compare urinary biomarkers in patients with Down syndrome (DS) with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to those of age- and sex-matched neurotypically developing healthy controls (HC). We further investigated whether we could predict OSA in patients with DS using these biomarkers. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from 58 patients with DS the night before or the morning after their scheduled overnight polysomnogram or both, of whom 47 could be age- and sex-matched to a sample of 43 HC...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522100/pulse-wave-amplitude-reduction-as-a-surrogate-for-cortical-arousal-during-sleep-hypopnea-in-children
#6
Alessandro Amaddeo, Noria Medjahdi, Marta Fernandez-Bolanos, Sonia Khirani, Guillaume Baffet, Brigitte Fauroux
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy of respiratory polygraphy (RP) is limited because of the absence of electroencephalography (EEG). Pulse wave amplitude (PWA) reduction has been shown to be a marker of autonomic activation during arousal, and may represent a substitute for obstructive respiratory-related cortical arousal (RRCA). This study tested the hypothesis that PWA could be a surrogate for RRCA in detecting obstructive hypopnea (OH) in a pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two experienced readers scored 30 consecutive polysomnographies (PSG) using standard scoring rules...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516426/characterization-of-medication-use-in-a-multicenter-sample-of-pediatric-inpatients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Logan K Wink, Ernest V Pedapati, Ryan Adams, Craig A Erickson, Kahsi A Pedersen, Eric M Morrow, Desmond Kaplan, Matthew Siegel
Nearly 11% of youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) undergo psychiatric hospitalization, and 65% are treated with psychotropic medication. Here we characterize psychotropic medication usage in subjects enrolled in the Autism Inpatient Collection. Participant psychotropic medication usage rates topped 90% at admission and discharge, though there was a decline at 2-month follow-up. Antipsychotics, ADHD medications, and sleep aids were the most commonly reported classes of medications. The impact of age, gender, and non-verbal IQ on medication usage rates was minimal, though age and IQ may play a role in prescribing practices...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503109/parental-reports-of-prodromal-psychopathology-in-pediatric-bipolar-disorder
#8
Mariely Hernandez, Ciro Marangoni, Marie C Grant, Jezelle Estrada, Gianni L Faedda
OBJECTIVES: Early psychopathology in children diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder (BD) remains poorly characterized. Parental retrospective reports provide helpful details on the earliest manifestations and their evolution over time. These symptoms occur early in the course of BD, often before a formal diagnosis is made and/or treatment is implemented, and are of great importance to early recognition and prevention. METHODS: Parents of pre-pubertal children and adolescents with DSM-IV diagnoses of BD attending an outpatient mood disorders clinic provided retrospective ratings of 37 symptoms of child psychopathology...
April 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498161/pediatric-tonsillectomy-quality-of-life-assessment-instruments-a-scoping-review-protocol
#9
Stephen S Kao, Micah D J Peters, Eng H Ooi
The objective of this scoping review is to investigate quality of life (QoL) questionnaires available to pediatric patients following tonsillectomies with or without adenoidectomies for chronic infection or sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). The scoping review will aim to map the components of each QoL questionnaire assessed including frequency of use, age parameters, respondent, domains assessed, format and psychometric properties. Questionnaire format will be summarized into respondent and administrator burden by identifying the number of questions present, scale utilized and time to completion...
May 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490210/adhd-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-across-a-12-month-period-in-children-with-adhd-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Melissa Mulraney, Rebecca Giallo, Emma Sciberras, Kate Lycett, Fiona Mensah, David Coghill
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between ADHD symptom severity and quality of life (QoL) across three time points over a 12-month period and investigate whether sleep modifies this relationship. METHOD: Children aged 5 to 13 years with ADHD were recruited from 21 pediatric practices across Victoria, Australia ( N = 392). Child QoL (parent-report) and ADHD symptoms (both parent- and teacher-report) were assessed at three time points (0, 6, and 12 months), and sleep was assessed at baseline (parent-report)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490038/pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-an-update-on-diagnostic-testing
#11
Brian McGrath, Jerrold Lerman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent advances in diagnostic testing for obstructive sleep apnea in children have refined the standard tests while identifying several new tools that hold promise to radically change how we diagnose sleep apnea. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have demonstrated that the polysomnogram may be modified to permit home assessment of sleep disturbed breathing in children to ensure more widespread access to the test. Alternately, questionnaires, nocturnal oximetry, and diagnostic urinary biomarkers have shown great promise as both sensitive and specific tools to diagnose sleep apnea in children as well as track the severity of the disease...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483245/the-watch-pat-in-pediatrics-sleep-disordered-breathing-pilot-study-on-children-with-negative-nocturnal-pulse-oximetry
#12
Agostino Serra, Salvatore Cocuzza, Luigi Maiolino, Alessandro Abramo, Giacomo Spinato, Giovanni Tonoli, Maurizio Amadori, Doriano Politi, Giancarlo Tirelli, Roberto Spinato, Paola Di Mauro
OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of Watch-PAT in Pediatric Sleep Disordered Breathing (PSDB) diagnosis in children with symptoms suggestive of PSDB, in which the nocturnal pulse oximetry was negative according to the Brouilette criteria. METHODS: We enrolled 28 patients aged between 5 and 12 years (mean age: 7.75 ± 1.69), who underwent the registration with Watch-PAT, that utilizes the Peripheral Arterial Tone (PAT), AHI, RDI, body position, snoring, pulse oximetry and actigraphy...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481337/inadequate-sleep-as-a-contributor-to-type-2-diabetes-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
C Dutil, J-P Chaput
Lack of sleep is a modifiable risk factor for adverse health in humans. Short sleep duration and poor sleep quality are common in the pediatric population; the largest decline in sleep duration over the past decades has been seen in children and adolescents. The objective of the present narrative review was to provide for the first time an overview of the literature on sleep and its association with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) biomarkers in children and adolescents. For this narrative review, 23 studies were retained (21 observational and 2 experimental studies)...
May 8, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479786/study-of-sleep-disorders-among-young-children-using-hindi-translated-and-validated-version-of-pediatric-sleep-questionnaire
#14
Ravi Gupta, Ramjan Ali, Sunanda Verma, Kriti Joshi, Mohan Dhyani, Kanchan Bhasin, Neha Bhasin, Jatin Goyal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of sleep disorders among children aging between 4 and 9 years using Hindi version of Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). METHODS: This study had two parts first, translation and validation of PSQ into Hindi language, and second, assessment of the prevalence of sleep disorders using PSQ Hindi version. Hindi PSQ was distributed in randomly chosen primary schools in a semi-urban area. The children were requested to get them filled by their parents...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479208/sleep-quality-affect-pain-and-disability-in-children-with-chronic-pain-is-affect-a-mediator-or-moderator
#15
Subhadra Evans, Vesna Djilas, Laura C Seidman, Lonnie K Zeltzer, Jennie C I Tsao
Sleep problems have been identified as a potential antecedent of chronic pain and pain-related disability in pediatric populations. In adult studies, affect has been implicated in these relationships. This study sought to better understand the relationships between sleep quality, negative and positive affect and pain and functioning in children with chronic pain. Participants included 213 children and adolescents (aged 7-17) presenting to a tertiary pain clinic with chronic pain. Children completed questionnaires measuring sleep quality, positive and negative affect, pain intensity, and functional disability...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477427/tv-or-unrestricted-unmonitored-internet-access-in-the-bedroom-and-bmi-in-youth-athletes
#16
Andrea Stracciolini, Benjamin J Shore, Michael J Pepin, Katherine Eisenberg, William P Meehan
AIM: To correlate television or unrestricted, unmonitored internet access in room of sleep with BMI. METHODS: Cross sectional study of athletes ≤ 19 years who underwent an Injury Prevention Evaluation. Independent variables included proportion of athletes categorized as overweight or obese who answered positively to American Academy of Pediatrics recommended questions: 1) Do you have a TV in the room where you sleep? 2) Do you have unrestricted, unmonitored access to the internet in the room where you sleep?...
May 6, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476166/predictors-of-failure-of-dise-directed-adenotonsillectomy-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#17
Noura Alsufyani, Andre Isaac, Manisha Witmans, Paul Major, Hamdy El-Hakim
BACKGROUND: Adenotonsillectomy (AT) is the most commonly performed procedure for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in pediatrics. However, 20-40% of patients will have persistent signs and symptoms of SDB after AT. Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) has the potential to individualize surgical treatments and avoid unnecessary or unsuccessful surgeries. The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of failure of DISE-directed adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy in otherwise healthy children with SDB...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474375/angiopoietin-2-and-soluble-tie-2-receptor-plasma-levels-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-obesity
#18
David Gozal, Abdelnaby Khalyfa, Zhuanghong Qiao, Dale L Smith, Mona F Philby, Dorit Koren, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent condition, especially in children with obesity, and is associated with increased risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS). Angiopoietins have been identified as potential biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction and MetS. In adults, angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) and its soluble receptor (sTie-2) are associated with diabetes, hypertension, and obesity and could be increased in children with OSA and obesity, particularly those with evidence of cardiometabolic alterations...
June 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470592/japanese-encephalitis-can-trigger-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis
#19
Jiannan Ma, Ting Zhang, Li Jiang
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is usually a monophasic disease; however, in rare cases, patients with JE may have an early relapse after a partial recovery, giving rise to a biphasic pattern for the disease. In this study, we report three pediatric cases in which post-JE relapse was characterized by movement disorder and/or behavioral problems, and was related to anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) immunoglobulin G (IgG). Serum and cerebrospinal fluid were examined for anti-NMDAR IgG in three patients who had confirmed JE and then developed relapsing symptoms which were similar to those of anti-NMDAR encephalitis...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468151/tracheal-cartilaginous-sleeve-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis-an-underrecognized-source-of-significant-morbidity-and-mortality
#20
Brent B Pickrell, Jesse D Meaike, Karina T Cañadas, Binoy M Chandy, Edward P Buchanan
Tracheal cartilaginous sleeve (TCS) is a rare and previously unrecognized source of morbidity and mortality in patients with certain craniosynostosis syndromes. There is a paucity of reporting on this airway anomaly, and the true incidence of TCS is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of TCS among patients with syndromic craniosynostosis at our institution. Patients with syndromic craniosynostosis who underwent direct bronchoscopy and laryngoscopy were evaluated retrospectively by pediatric otolaryngologists for the presence of TCS and associated anomalies...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
keyword
keyword
5047
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"