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Pediatric sleep

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643517/-application-of-scalp-recorded-high-frequency-oscillations-in-epileptic-encephalopathy-with-continuous-spike-and-wave-during-sleep
#1
P Gong, Z X Yang, J Xue, P Qian, H P Yang, X Y Liu, K G Bian
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) on scalp electroencephalography (EEG) in patients with epileptic encephalopathy with continuous spike-and-wave during sleep (CSWS). METHODS: Twenty-one CSWS patients treated for epilepsy from January 2006 to December 2016 in Pediatric Department of Peking University First Hospital were enrolled into the study. Selected clinical variables including gender, age parameters, seizure frequencies and antiepileptic drugs were compared between (a)...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642737/sudden-unexpected-death-in-neonates-a-clinico-pathological-study
#2
Jeanette A Reyes, Gino R Somers, David A Chiasson
Clinico-pathological studies that focus on sudden unexpected death (SUD) in the neonatal period are rare. The objective of this study was to elucidate the frequency and pathological spectrum of anatomical causes of death (CODs), found in the setting of sudden unexpected death in neonates (SUD-N), and to correlate the COD with premortem circumstantial information. We conducted a detailed review of all autopsy reports on SUD-N cases at our institution from 1997 to 2015. Analyzed clinical data included obstetrical history, postpartum/neonatal medical course, and circumstances surrounding death...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626363/smartphone-addiction-risk-and-daytime-sleepiness-in-korean-adolescents
#3
Jee Eun Chung, Soo An Choi, Ki Tai Kim, Jeong Yee, Joo Hee Kim, Jin Won Seong, Jong Mi Seong, Ju Young Kim, Kyung Eun Lee, Hye Sun Gwak
AIM: Smartphone overuse can cause not only mobility problems in the wrists, fingers and neck but also interference with sleep habits. However, research on smartphone addiction and sleep disturbances is scarce. Therefore, we aimed to investigate daytime sleepiness in association with smartphone addiction risk in Korean adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey method was used in this study. The Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale was used to assess daytime sleepiness, and the Korean Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale index was used to evaluate the degree of risk for smartphone addiction...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624780/the-association-of-irregular-sleep-habits-with-the-risk-of-being-overweight-obese-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-children-aged-6-9-years
#4
Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, Rômulo Fernandes, Augusta Gama, Isabel Mourão, Helena Nogueira, Vítor Rosado-Marques, Cristina Padez
OBJECTIVES: The consequences of irregular sleep duration at younger ages remains uncertain, especially when we consider shorter and longer than recommended sleep durations. Therefore, the present study aimed to analyze the association between healthy sleep duration and risk of obesity in Portuguese children. METHODS: The sample for this cross-sectional study comprised 8273 children (4183 females) aged 6-9 years. Height and weight were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623047/sympathetic-metabolic-adaptations-and-oxidative-stress-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-how-far-from-physiology
#5
Antonietta Messina, Vincenzo Monda, Francesco Sessa, Anna Valenzano, Monica Salerno, Ilaria Bitetti, Francesco Precenzano, Rosa Marotta, Francesco Lavano, Serena M Lavano, Margherita Salerno, Agata Maltese, Michele Roccella, Lucia Parisi, Roberta I Ferrentino, Gabriele Tripi, Beatrice Gallai, Giuseppe Cibelli, Marcellino Monda, Giovanni Messina, Marco Carotenuto
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is a complex and multifaceted neurobehavioral syndrome with no specific cause still identified, despite the worldwide increasing (prevalence for 1,000 children from 6.7 to 14.6, between 2000 and 2012). Many biological and instrumental markers have been suggested as potential predictive factors for the precocious diagnosis during infancy and/or pediatric age. Many studies reported structural and functional abnormalities in the autonomic system in subjects with ASD. Sleep problems in ASD are a prominent feature, having an impact on the social interaction of the patient...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621011/central-sleep-apnea-post-vagal-nerve-manipulation-and-stimulation-during-neck-tumor-resection-a-case-report
#6
Camila B Walters, James M Kynes, Rhonda Tucker, James Netterville
We describe a pediatric patient who underwent neck dissection for removal of a tumor and had unexpected transient central sleep apnea in the recovery room. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in the existing literature of central sleep apnea after surgical manipulation of the vagal nerve under anesthesia.
March 31, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617152/comparison-of-pre-and-postoperative-sleep-studies-in-patients-undergoing-sphincter-pharyngoplasty
#7
Christina M Busuito, Nathan Vandjelovic, Diana M Flis, Arlene Rozzelle
OBJECTIVE: To determine if sphincter pharyngoplasty changes sleep study parameters on patients undergoing surgery for velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). DESIGN: Retrospective chart review on patients undergoing sphincter pharyngoplasty for VPI with pre- and postoperative polysomnography completed. SETTING: Institutional study at a tertiary pediatric hospital. PATIENTS: All patients who underwent sphincter pharyngoplasty over a 20-year period were reviewed; all patients with both pre- and postoperative sleep studies were collected for evaluation...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609717/sleep-disorders-and-their-management-in-children-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-referred-to-sleep-clinics
#8
Keren Armoni Domany, Sumalee Hantragool, David F Smith, Yuanfang Xu, Monir Hossain, Narong Simakajornboon
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The nature of sleep disorders in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is unknown. We aimed to describe the type, the management, and the short-term outcome of sleep disorders in children with EDS referred to sleep clinics. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of medical records and polysomnography tests of children with EDS younger than 18 years who were referred to the sleep clinic. Demographic information and medical history were collected, and polysomnography tests were reviewed...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607497/low-dose-naltrexone-for-induction-of-remission-in-crohn-s-disease
#9
REVIEW
Claire E Parker, Tran M Nguyen, Dan Segal, John K MacDonald, Nilesh Chande
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a transmural, relapsing inflammatory condition afflicting the digestive tract. Opioid signalling, long known to affect secretion and motility in the gut, has been implicated in the inflammatory cascade of Crohn's disease. Low dose naltrexone, an opioid antagonist, has garnered interest as a potential therapy. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of low dose naltrexone for induction of remission in Crohn's disease...
April 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605369/frequency-specific-auditory-brainstem-response-testing-with-age-appropriate-sedation
#10
Yael Levit, Dror Mandel, Idit Matot
OBJECTIVE: Auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing is the gold-standard procedure for hearing evaluation in pediatric patients who cannot complete a behavioral hearing test. The amount of audiological information obtained depends on the quality of the patient's sleep during the test. In this retrospective database review, we aimed to assess the amount and the characteristics of the audiological information obtained in ABR testing in pediatric patients with age-appropriate sedation. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on 501 consecutive ABR sedation sessions performed between January 2014 and June 2016 at the Tel Aviv Medical Center...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605366/population-based-survey-of-inpatient-pediatric-tonsillectomy-and-postoperative-hemorrhage-in-taiwan-1997-2012
#11
Wan-Yi Hsueh, Wei-Chung Hsu, Jenq-Yuh Ko, Te-Huei Yeh, Chia-Hsuan Lee, Kun-Tai Kang
OBJECTIVE: Tonsil surgery in children is a common surgical procedure, and is mostly performed as an inpatient procedure in Taiwan. This study elucidates the epidemiology and postoperative hemorrhage of inpatient tonsillectomies in Taiwanese children. METHODS: This study used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for analysis. From 1997 to 2012, all in-hospital children (aged <18 years) who underwent tonsillectomies were identified through the International Codes of Diseases (9th Revision)...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605338/a-case-control-study-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-dise-in-pediatric-population-a-proposal-for-indications
#12
Maria Antonietta Collu, Eduard Esteller, Fiorella Lipari, Raul Haspert, Demetrio Mulas, Miguel Angel Diaz, Raghav C Dwivedi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether and when Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy (DISE) changes diagnosis and treatment plan in pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome (OSAS) with the aim to identify specific subgroups of patients for whom DISE should be especially considered. METHODS: A case-control study of DISE in 150 children with OSAS. Pre-operative OSA were assessed through detailed history, Chervin questionnaire, physical examination and overnight polysomnography...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603040/screening-for-childhood-adversity-the-what-and-when-of-identifying-individuals-at-risk-for-lifespan-health-disparities
#13
Kate Ryan Kuhlman, Theodore F Robles, Julienne E Bower, Judith E Carroll
Existing research on childhood adversity and health risk across the lifespan lacks specificity regarding which types of exposures to assess and when. The purpose of this study was to contribute to an empirically-supported framework to guide practitioners interested in identifying youth who may be at greatest risk for a lifelong trajectory of health disparities. We also sought to identify the point in childhood at which screening for adversity exposure would capture the largest group of at risk individuals for triage to prevention and intervention services...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601343/a-preliminary-investigation-of-accelerometer-derived-sleep-and-physical-activity-following-sport-related-concussion
#14
Alicia M Sufrinko, Erin K Howie, R J Elbin, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
OBJECTIVE: Describe changes in postconcussion activity levels and sleep throughout recovery in a sample of pediatric sport-related concussion (SRC) patients, and examine the predictive value of accelerometer-derived activity and sleep on subsequent clinical outcomes at a follow-up clinic visit. SETTING: Outpatient concussion clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty athletes aged 12 to 19 years with diagnosed SRC. METHODS: Prospective study including visit 1 (<72 hours postinjury) and visit 2 (6-18 days postinjury)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595826/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-current-perspectives-on-health-behaviors
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth Morghen Sikes, Robert W Motl, Jayne M Ness
Purpose: Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) accounts for ~5% of all multiple sclerosis cases, and has a prevalence of ~10,000 children in the USA. POMS is associated with a higher relapse rate, and results in irreversible disability on average 10 years earlier than adult-onset multiple sclerosis. Other manifestations of POMS include mental and physical fatigue, cognitive impairment, and depression. We believe that the health behaviors of physical activity, diet, and sleep may have potential benefits in POMS, and present a scoping review of the existing literature...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590464/establishing-normal-values-for-pediatric-nighttime-sleep-measured-by-actigraphy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Barbara C Galland, Michelle A Short, Philip Terrill, Gabrielle Rigney, Jillian J Haszard, Scott Coussens, Mistral Foster-Owens, Sarah N Biggs
Background: Despite the widespread use of actigraphy in pediatric sleep studies, there are currently no age-related normative data. Objectives: To systematically review the literature, calculate pooled mean estimates of actigraphy-derived pediatric nighttime sleep variables and to examine the magnitude of change with age. Methods: A systematic search was performed across eight databases of studies that included at least one actigraphy sleep variable from healthy children aged 0-18 years...
March 26, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588956/high-frequency-oscillations-detected-in-ecog-recordings-correlate-with-cavernous-malformation-and-seizure-free-outcome-in-a-child-with-focal-epilepsy-a-case-report
#17
Su Liu, Michael M Quach, Daniel J Curry, Monika Ummat, Elaine Seto, Nuri F Ince
Epilepsy associated with cavernous malformation (CM) often requires surgical resection of seizure focus to achieve seizure-free outcome. High-frequency oscillations (HFOs) in intracranial electroencephalogram (EEG) are reported as potential biomarkers of epileptogenic regions, but to our knowledge there are no data on the existence of HFOs in CM-caused epilepsy. Here we report our experience of the identification of the seizure focus in a 3-year-old pediatric patient with intractable epilepsy associated with CM...
June 2017: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583070/a-developmental-cascade-perspective-of-pediatric-obesity-conceptual-model-and-scoping-review
#18
Justin D Smith, Kaitlyn N Egan, Zorash Montaño, Spring Dawson-McClure, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Madeline Larson, Sara M St George
Considering the vast ongoing challenge of preventing obesity, the time has come to reconceptualize and change the way we study the development of obesity in childhood. The developmental cascade model, which refers to the cumulative consequences and spreading downstream effects of risk and protective factors, offers a longitudinal framework for understanding obesity. This perspective elucidates the way an accumulation of risk factors, across and within biopsychosocial spheres and phases of development, can propel individuals toward obesity...
March 27, 2018: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570568/perceived-toddler-sleep-problems-co-sleeping-and-maternal-sleep-and-mental-health
#19
Lauren B Covington, Bridget Armstrong, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVE: Childhood sleep problems are associated with insufficient parental sleep and adverse maternal mental health symptoms, which may be exacerbated when mothers/toddlers co-sleep (i.e., bed/room sharing). This study examines maternal sleep duration as a mechanism linking perceived toddler sleep problems with maternal mental health and examines whether these associations vary by co-sleeping, in addition to exploring alternative models. METHODS: Low-income mothers of toddlers (n = 280) (age 12-32 months) recruited from Women, Infants, and Children and pediatric clinics provided demographic information and completed questionnaires on their toddler's sleep and their own sleep duration and mental health symptoms (depressive symptoms, anxiety, and stress)...
April 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563887/the-effects-of-sleep-on-emotional-target-detection-performance-a-novel-ipad-based-pediatric-game
#20
Annalisa Colonna, Anna B Smith, Stuart Smith, Kirandeep VanDenEshof, Jane Orgill, Paul Gringras, Deb K Pal
Background: Consolidation of learning occurs during sleep but when it is disturbed there may be an adverse impact upon these functions. While research has focused upon how sleep affects cognition in adulthood, the effects of disrupted sleep are likely to impact more heavily on learning among children and adolescents. We aimed to investigate whether a night's sleep impacts upon executive function compared with an equivalent wakefulness period. We also wanted to know whether restricting sleep would reduce these effects on performance...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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