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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655123/mechanical-low-back-pain-in-elite-track-and-field-athletes-an-observational-cohort-study
#1
Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Georgios Bikos, Maria Meke, Ioannis Tsifountoudis, Dev Pyne, Vasileios Korakakis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to gain information about the incidence of mechanical Low Back Pain (MLBP) injuries etiology in elite track and field athletes and to assess the recurrence rate. BACKGROUND: The prevalence and the etiology of Low Back Pain (LBP) in athletic populations at the elite level of competition lack of longitudinal studies focused on certain sport fields. The present study evaluates MLBP incidents in elite track and field athletes visiting National Track and Field Centre in Thessaloniki, Greece and classifies MLBP according to etiology...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655086/-clinical-study-of-smt-%C3%A2-video-laryngoscope-with-difficult-airway-intubation-in-emergency-department
#2
J H Yu, Y Wang
Objective: To observe the clinical feasibility and security of SMT-Ⅱ video laryngoscope in difficult airway intubation in emergency department. Methods: This study took 90 adults with difficult airway who were admitted to the rescue room of Jingxi court of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2015 to December 2016.The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups(SMT-Ⅱ video laryngoscope group: n=45, Macintosh direct laryngoscope group: n=45), which were treated with endotracheal intubation and ventilator assisted ventilation...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655080/-a-retrospective-controlled-clinical-study-of-single-incision-plus-one-port-laparoscopic-surgery-for-sigmoid-colon-and-upper-rectal-cancer
#3
G X Li, J M Li, Y N Wang, H J Deng, T Y Mou, H Liu
Objective: To evaluate the short-term and oncologic outcomes of single-incision plus one port laparoscopic surgery (SILS+ 1) for sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer. Methods: The clinic data of 46 patients with sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer underwent SILS+ 1 at Department of General Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University from September 2013 to September 2014 were retrospectively reviewed (SILS+ 1 group). After generating 1∶1 ration propensity scores given the covariates of age, gender, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, surgeons, tumor location, the distance of tumor from anal, tumor diameter, and pathologic TNM stage, 46 patients with sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer underwent conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) in the same time were matched as CLS group...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654893/aberrant-patterns-of-local-and-long-range-functional-connectivity-densities-in-schizophrenia
#4
Chuanxin Liu, Wei Zhang, Guangdong Chen, Hongjun Tian, Jie Li, Hongru Qu, Langlang Cheng, Jingjing Zhu, Chuanjun Zhuo
Schizophrenia is a disorder of brain dysconnectivity, and both the connection strength and connection number are disrupted in patients with schizophrenia. The functional connectivity density (FCD) can reflect alterations in the connection number. Alterations in the global FCD (gFCD) in schizophrenia were previously demonstrated; however, alterations in two other indices of the pathological characteristics of the brain, local FCD (lFCD) and long-range FCD (lrFCD), have not been revealed. To investigate lFCD and lrFCD alterations in patients with schizophrenia, 95 patients and 93 matched healthy controls were examined using structural and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning...
June 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654856/evaluation-of-a-self-regulation-based-psycho-educational-pilot-intervention-targeting-children-and-adolescents-with-epilepsy-in-greece
#5
Ioanna Rizou, Veronique De Gucht, Antigone Papavasiliou, Stan Maes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe the development and initial evaluation of a minimal structured psycho-educational intervention for children and adolescents with epilepsy. The intervention aimed at increasing the understanding and personal control (self-management) of epilepsy, and at reducing psychological distress, sleep problems and somatic complaints. METHOD: Twelve patients participated in our intervention and another 12, matched on age and gender, served as the control group...
June 21, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654848/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-physical-activity-and-cognitive-function-in-individuals-with-bipolar-disorder
#6
F T Fellendorf, N Kainzbauer, M Platzer, N Dalkner, S A Bengesser, A Birner, R Queissner, P Rauch, C Hamm, R Pilz, E Z Reininghaus
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder (BD) is accompanied by a high number of comorbidities and associated with an overall increased mortality. Especially obesity, systemic inflammatory processes and cognitive deficits are highly prevalent and increase with the course of illness. Physical activity (PA) is associated with beneficial effects on somatic comorbidities such as obesity or cardiovascular disease in individuals without psychiatric disorder. Furthermore, PA might increase neurocognitive performance and reduce systemic inflammation...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654846/diabetes-mellitus-is-associated-with-late-onset-post-stroke-depression
#7
Yu Zhang, Ji-Rong He, Huai-Bin Liang, Wen-Jing Lu, Guo-Yuan Yang, Jian-Rong Liu, Li-Li Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the associated factors of late-onset post-stroke depression (PSD). METHODS: A total of 251 patients with acute ischemic stroke were recruited. The evaluation of depression was performed 2 weeks after ischemia. 206 patients showing no depression in 2 weeks were followed up. They were divided into late-onset PSD group and non-depressed group by clinical interview with Hamilton depression scale score 3 months after stroke. On the first day following hospitalization, the clinical data including age, gender, educational level and vascular risk factors were recorded...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654822/gender-and-the-structure-of-self-rated-health-across-the-adult-life-span
#8
Anna Zajacova, Snehalata Huzurbazar, Megan Todd
Despite the widespread use of self-rated health (SRH) in population health studies, the meaning of this holistic health judgment remains an open question. Gender differences in health, an issue of utmost importance in population research and policy, are often measured with SRH; the comparisons could be biased if men and women differ in how they form their health judgment. The aim of this study is to examine whether men and women differ in how health inputs predict their health rating across the adult life span...
June 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654812/the-%C3%A2-for-lb-challenge-evaluation-of-a-novel-workplace-based-peer-led-weight-management-programme-2014-2016
#9
Damien Bennett, Tracy Owen, D T Bradley
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the £ for lb. Challenge, a novel country-wide, workplace-based, peer-led weight management programme with participants from a range of private and public organisations in Northern Ireland. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post-intervention studies. METHODS: The intervention was workplace-based, led by volunteer co-worker champions and based on the NHS Choices 12-week weight loss guide which incorporates dietary advice, physical activity, behaviour change methods and weekly weight monitoring...
June 24, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654768/a-systematic-review-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-content-in-nursing-curricula
#10
Joyce Cappiello, Leah Coplon, Holly Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether and to what extent pre-licensure nursing programs include sexual and reproductive health (SRH) content in their curricula. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases, including CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, Google Scholar, ProQuest, and CAB Direct were searched for relevant literature. We also reviewed the reference lists of all studies, nursing organization Web sites, and the personal files of the authors. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria were studies focused on SRH content in pre-licensure nursing education, written in English, and published between January 1990 and November 2016...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654699/early-mobilisation-after-total-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-a-multicentre-prospective-observational-study
#11
Matthew J Chua, Andrew J Hart, Rajat Mittal, Ian A Harris, Wei Xuan, Justine M Naylor
OBJECTIVE: Early mobilisation is recommended following total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE). We sought to determine the proportions of patients that first mobilised on post-operative day 0 (POD 0) and factors associated with earlier time to mobilisation. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted involving patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis who had undergone primary unilateral THA (n = 818) and TKA (n = 989) at 19 Australian hospitals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654669/role-of-magnesium-supplementation-in-the-treatment-of-depression-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Emily K Tarleton, Benjamin Littenberg, Charles D MacLean, Amanda G Kennedy, Christopher Daley
Current treatment options for depression are limited by efficacy, cost, availability, side effects, and acceptability to patients. Several studies have looked at the association between magnesium and depression, yet its role in symptom management is unclear. The objective of this trial was to test whether supplementation with over-the-counter magnesium chloride improves symptoms of depression. An open-label, blocked, randomized, cross-over trial was carried out in outpatient primary care clinics on 126 adults (mean age 52; 38% male) diagnosed with and currently experiencing mild-to-moderate symptoms with Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scores of 5-19...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653970/impact-of-sexual-violence-across-the-lifespan-on-hiv-risk-behaviors-among-transgender-women-and-cisgender-people-living-with-hiv
#13
Laramie R Smith, Jennifer Yore, Daniel P Triplett, Lianne Urada, Tooru Nemoto, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: To examine sexual violence across the lifespan among transgender and cisgender people living with HIV and its associations with recent risk behaviors. SETTING: Seven community-based sites serving priority populations disproportionately affected by HIV in the United States, including major metropolitan areas in the West and East Coast, as well as the suburban Mid-Atlantic and rural Southeastern regions. METHODS: From 2013 to 2016, baseline survey data were collected from participants (N = 583) of a multisite community-based HIV linkage to/retention in care study conducted at 7 sites across the United States...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653927/detection-of-interleukins-6-and-8-in-saliva-as-potential-biomarkers-of-oral-pre-malignant-lesion-and-oral-carcinoma-a-breakthrough-in-salivary-diagnostics-in-pakistan
#14
Iqbal A Muhammad Khyani, Masood A Qureshi, Talat Mirza, M Umar Farooq
Oral cancer is at rise in our population due to increasing use of areca nut (Betel nut) with or without tobacco. It is the second frequent malignant tumour for both the gender in Pakistan. This non-interventional case control study was carried out with the aim to explore saliva as diagnostic medium for detecting interleukins (IL) 6 and 8 as biomarkers of pre-malignant lesions (PML) and oral carcinoma. Total 105 subjects were recruited and were divided into three groups "A", "B" and "C" each comprising of 35 subjects...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653910/oral-supplementation-of-thuja-oreintalis-leaf-extract-moderately-affects-the-behavior-in-albino-mice-in-a-gender-specific-manner
#15
Bushra Riaz, Rubab Iftikhar Khan Babar, Shahid Iqbal, Muhammad Ali, Furhan Iqbal
Present study was designed to demonstrate the effect ethanolic leaf extract of Thuja orientalis on the learning and memory formation in albino mice. Four week old albino mice were either orally supplemented with 50mg/ml solvent/Kg body weight of Thuja orientalis or with equal volume of saline solution (0.9% NaCl) for seven days. A battery of neurological tests (Elevated plus maze, Rota Rod, light and dark box, open field and novel object recognition test) were applied at the end of dose supplementation. Thuja orientalis leaf extract treated female mice spent significantly les time on rotating rod (P = 0...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653895/cancer-risk-in-patients-with-peutz-jeghers-syndrome-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-336-cases
#16
Hong-Yu Chen, Xiao-Wei Jin, Bai-Rong Li, Ming Zhu, Jing Li, Gao-Ping Mao, Ya-Fei Zhang, Shou-Bin Ning
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by mucocutaneous pigmentation and hamartomatous gastrointestinal polyposis. A growing body of evidence has shown that Peutz-Jeghers syndrome could cause an increased risk of various cancers, yet the range of cancer risk estimates was wide among different studies. In this retrospective cohort study, 336 patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome in China were enrolled. The clinical characteristics, cancer spectrum, relative cancer risks, and cumulative cancer risks were analyzed...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653878/sirtuin-6-plays-an-oncogenic-role-and-induces-cell-autophagy-in-esophageal-cancer-cells
#17
Nan Huang, Zhiwei Liu, Jiabei Zhu, Zhongqi Cui, Yuguang Li, Yongchun Yu, Fenyong Sun, Qiuhui Pan, Qingyuan Yang
Sirtuin 6, a member of sirtuin family, is generally regarded as a tumor suppressor as it participates in suppressing hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and MYC transcription activity by deacetylating H3K9 (histone H3 lysine 9) and H3K56 (histone H3 lysine) at promoters of target genes, leading to the aerobic glycolysis inhibition and cell growth suppression. However, its expression has recently been reported to be highly elevated in a series of tumors, including prostate cancer, breast cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer, indicating that sirtuin 6 plays dual roles in tumorigenicity in a cell/tumor type-specific manner...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653815/factors-associated-with-the-development-and-severity-of-oxaliplatin-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Jeremy N Pulvers, Gavin Marx
Oxaliplatin is a platinum-derivative chemotherapeutic agent used for colorectal cancer in the adjuvant and metastatic setting in combination with folinic acid and 5-fluorouracil. Oxaliplatin causes an acute cold-induced neurotoxicity and a chronic cumulative neuropathy, which can require dose modification and impact quality of life. To date, no prevention and treatment strategies have proved effective thus reinforcing the importance of identifying at-risk patients in order to maximize therapeutic benefit while minimizing neurotoxicity...
June 27, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653791/the-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-and-caudate-pathway-new-evidence-for-cue-induced-craving-of-smokers
#19
Kai Yuan, Dahua Yu, Yanzhi Bi, Ruonan Wang, Min Li, Yajuan Zhang, Minghao Dong, Jinquan Zhai, Yangding Li, Xiaoqi Lu, Jie Tian
Although the activation of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and the striatum had been found in smoking cue induced craving task, whether and how the functional interactions and white matter integrity between these brain regions contribute to craving processing during smoking cue exposure remains unknown. Twenty-five young male smokers and 26 age- and gender-matched nonsmokers participated in the smoking cue-reactivity task. Craving related brain activation was extracted and psychophysiological interactions (PPI) analysis was used to specify the PFC-efferent pathways contributed to smoking cue-induced craving...
June 27, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653646/early-predictors-of-outcome-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-upfront-an-observational-cohort-study
#20
Joukje van der Naalt, Marieke E Timmerman, Myrthe E de Koning, Harm J van der Horn, Myrthe E Scheenen, Bram Jacobs, Gerard Hageman, Tansel Yilmaz, Gerwin Roks, Jacoba M Spikman
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) accounts for most cases of TBI, and many patients show incomplete long-term functional recovery. We aimed to create a prognostic model for functional outcome by combining demographics, injury severity, and psychological factors to identify patients at risk for incomplete recovery at 6 months. In particular, we investigated additional indicators of emotional distress and coping style at 2 weeks above early predictors measured at the emergency department...
July 2017: Lancet Neurology
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