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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821980/serum-calcitonin-reference-values-for-calcium-stimulation-tests-by-electrochemiluminescence-immunoassay-in-japanese-men-with-non-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma
#1
Minoru Kihara, Akira Miyauchi, Takumi Kudo, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Akihiro Miya
PURPOSE: Calcitonin is the most sensitive tumor marker of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and a calcium stimulation test is used to improve this sensitivity. In Japan, the electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) is currently the only test performed to measure serum calcitonin. There is a gender difference in the reference value of serum calcitonin; however, a reference upper limit for use with ECLIA has been reported only for women, but not for men. METHODS: We conducted the calcium stimulation test using ECLIA in 21 men with non-medullary thyroid carcinoma (non-MTC), before and after total thyroidectomy...
August 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821912/the-remnant-preservation-technique-reduces-the-amount-of-bone-tunnel-enlargement-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#2
Shinya Yanagisawa, Masashi Kimura, Keiichi Hagiwara, Atsuko Ogoshi, Tomoyuki Nakagawa, Hiroyuki Shiozawa, Takashi Ohsawa, Hirotaka Chikuda
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between postoperative tunnel enlargement after ACLR and remnant tissue preservation using the hamstring tendon. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-two subjects (male, n = 101; female, n = 91; mean age 27.1) who had undergone double-bundle ACL reconstruction were included in the present study. The patients were divided into two groups: the remnant tissue preservation group (Group R) and the non-remnant tissue preservation group (Group N)...
August 18, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821888/risk-factors-for-epistaxis-in-patients-followed-in-general-practices-in-germany
#3
D U Seidel, L Jacob, K Kostev, A M Sesterhenn
<p>BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to analyze the risk factors for epistaxis in patients followed in general practices in Germany.</p> <p>METHODS: The current study sample included patients aged 18 years or older who received a first epistaxis diagnosis between January 2012 and December 2016 (index date). Epistaxis patients and controls without epistaxis were matched (1:1) on the basis of age, gender, insurance status and physician. </p> <p>RESULTS: A total of 16,801 patients with epistaxis and 16,801 control subjects were included in this study...
August 19, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821800/gender-differences-in-infant-mortality-and-neonatal-morbidity-in-mixed-gender-twins
#4
Dongying Zhao, Lile Zou, Xiaoping Lei, Yongjun Zhang
In the present study, we aimed to explore gender differences in infant mortality and neonatal morbidity in mixed-gender twin pairs. Data were obtained from the US National Center for Health Statistics Linked Birth-Infant Death Cohort. A total of 108,038 pairs of mixed-gender twins were included in this analysis. Among the mixed-gender twins, no significant difference in the odds of fetal mortality between male twins (1.05%) and female co-twins (1.04%). However, male twins were at increased odds of neonatal mortality (adjusted OR 1...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821748/anxiety-related-experience-dependent-white-matter-structural-differences-in-adolescence-a-monozygotic-twin-difference-approach
#5
Nagesh Adluru, Zhan Luo, Carol A Van Hulle, Andrew J Schoen, Richard J Davidson, Andrew L Alexander, H Hill Goldsmith
Anxiety is linked to deficits in structural and functional connectivity between limbic structures and pre-frontal cortices. We employed a monozygotic (MZ) twin difference design to examine the relationship between structural characteristics of the uncinate fasciculus (UF) measured by Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) and anxiety symptoms in a sample of N = 100 monozygotic (genetically identical), adolescent twins. The MZ difference design allowed us focus on environmental factors that vary within twin pairs while controlling for genetic and environmental factors shared by twin pairs...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821516/a-retrospective-review-of-paediatric-head-injuries-in-asia-a-pan-asian-trauma-outcomes-study-patos-collaboration
#6
Shu-Ling Chong, Uzma Rahim Khan, Indumathy Santhanam, Jun Seok Seo, Quan Wang, Sabariah Faizah Jamaluddin, Quoc Ai Hoang Trong, Su Yah Chew, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
OBJECTIVE: We aim to examine the mechanisms of head-injured children presenting to participating centres in the Pan Asian Trauma Outcomes Study (PATOS) and to evaluate the association between mechanism of injury and severe outcomes. DESIGN AND SETTING: We performed a retrospective review of medical records among emergency departments (EDs) of eight PATOS centres, from September 2014 - August 2015. PARTICIPANTS: We included children <16 years old who presented within 24 hours of head injury and were admitted for observation or required a computed tomography (CT) of the brain from the ED...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821513/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-hospital-separations-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-australia-2008-2013
#7
Dhanya Nambiar, Mark Stoové, Matthew Hickman, Paul Dietze
OBJECTIVES: Injecting drug use is a persistent behaviour that increases the risk of morbidities and mortality. We assessed the burden of hospital separations among people who inject drugs (PWID), the excess compared to the general population and characteristics of separations associated with frequent use. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: All public and private hospitals in Victoria. PARTICIPANTS: 757 community-based PWID with hospital separations between January 2008 and June 2013 identified through record linkage, who contributed over 3729 person-years...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821469/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-middle-school-gender-violence-prevention-program-design-rationale-and-sample-characteristics
#8
Kaleab Z Abebe, Kelley A Jones, Samantha Ciaravino, Lisa Ripper, Taylor Paglisotti, Sarah Elizabeth Morrow, Melanie Grafals, Courtney Van Dusen, Elizabeth Miller
INTRODUCTION: High rates of adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) and sexual violence (SV) reported among adolescents point to the need for prevention among middle school-age youth. This is a cluster randomized controlled trial to test an athletic coach-delivered ARA/SV prevention program in 41 middle schools (38 clusters). Trained coaches talk to their male athletes about 1) what constitutes harmful vs. respectful relationship behaviors, 2) dispelling myths that glorify male sexual aggression and promoting more gender-equitable attitudes, and 3) positive bystander intervention when aggressive male behaviors toward females are witnessed...
August 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821017/the-location-of-australian-buruli-ulcer-lesions-implications-for-unravelling-disease-transmission
#9
Arvind Yerramilli, Ee Laine Tay, Andrew J Stewardson, Peter G Kelley, Emma Bishop, Grant A Jenkin, Mike Starr, Janine Trevillyan, Andrew Hughes, N Deborah Friedman, Daniel P O'Brien, Paul D R Johnson
BACKGROUND: Buruli ulcer (BU), caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, is increasing in incidence in Victoria, Australia. To improve understanding of disease transmission, we aimed to map the location of BU lesions on the human body. METHODS: Using notification data and clinical records review, we conducted a retrospective observational study of patients diagnosed with BU in Victoria from 1998-2015. We created electronic density maps of lesion locations using spatial analysis software and compared lesion distribution by age, gender, presence of multiple lesions and month of infection...
August 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820949/association-between-patient-factors-and-outcome-of-synthetic-cartilage-implant-hemiarthroplasty-vs-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-in-advanced-hallux-rigidus
#10
Andy Goldberg, Dishan Singh, Mark Glazebrook, Chris M Blundell, Gwyneth De Vries, Ian L D Le, Dominic Nielsen, M Elizabeth Pedersen, Anthony Sakellariou, Matthew Solan, Alastair S E Younger, Timothy R Daniels, Judith F Baumhauer
BACKGROUND: We evaluated data from a clinical trial of first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ1) implant hemiarthroplasty and arthrodesis to determine the association between patient factors and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients ≥18 years with hallux rigidus grade 2, 3, or 4 were treated with synthetic cartilage implant MTPJ1 hemiarthroplasty or arthrodesis. Pain visual analog scale (VAS), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) sports and activities of daily living (ADL) scores, and Short Form-36 Physical Function (SF-36 PF) subscore were obtained preoperatively, and at 2, 6, 12, 24, 52, and 104 weeks postoperatively...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820667/helping-young-people-stay-afloat-a-qualitative-study-of-community-resources-and-supports-for-lgbtq-adolescents-in-the-us-and-canada
#11
Marla E Eisenberg, Christopher J Mehus, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Heather L Corliss, Amy L Gower, Richard Sullivan, Carolyn M Porta
LGBTQ youth are at increased risk of poor health outcomes. This qualitative study gathered data from LGBTQ adolescents regarding their communities and describes the resources they draw upon for support. We conducted 66 go-along interviews with diverse LGBTQ adolescents (mean age = 16.6) in Minnesota, Massachusetts and British Columbia in 2014-2015, in which interviewers accompanied participants in their communities to better understand those contexts. Their responses were systematically organized and coded for common themes, reflecting levels of the social ecological model...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820636/clinical-effects-of-cpg-based-treatment-on-the-efficacy-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-skewing-polarization-toward-m1-macrophage-from-m2
#12
Qing Zhang, Ru-Fei Yuan, Xiao-Huan Li, Tai-An Xu, Yan-Ni Zhang, Xiao-Lin Yuan, Yi-Fen Cui, Wan Shen, Qing-Lin Guan, Xiu-Yan Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the clinical efficacy of CpG-based therapy for treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by skewing polarization toward M1 macrophage from M2. METHODS: Pulmonary metastasis rate, overall survival time, and remission rate of 10 patients with HCC treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with CpG therapy and 10 age-, gender-, and TNM0-matched patients treated with TACE (control group) were compared. RESULTS: No pulmonary metastasis rate was 70% in the combined treatment group and 40% in the control group, respectively; and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (p < 0...
August 2017: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820613/influence-of-paddock-size-on-social-relationships-in-domestic-horses
#13
Katarzyna Majecka, Aneta Klawe
The aim of this study was to explore whether the size of paddocks affected social interactions within a group of horses. Furthermore, the effects of the gender composition in groups on social behavior were investigated. The research was done in a horse-riding center. A total of 78 horses and ponies, forming 3 groups, were included in the study. The time of the observation was divided into 2 periods. The data obtained from the 1st period (the horses were on relatively small paddocks) and the 2nd period (the paddocks were significantly bigger) were compared...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820545/assessment-and-management-of-acute-severe-mitral-regurgitation-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#14
Marina Leitman, Vladimir Tyomkin, Ehud Raanani, Ram Sharony, Ludmila Tzatskin, Eli Peleg, Alex Blatt, Zvi Vered
BACKGROUND: Acute severe mitral regurgitation (MR) is a serious medical condition. Whilst clear guidelines exist regarding the management of chronic MR, acute severe MR is usually treated on an individual basis. Currently, few data exist regarding acute MR in the era of primary coronary interventions (PCI). The present study included patients admitted to the Department of Cardiology during recent years with acute severe MR of different etiologies, and an analysis of these data in the light of previous investigations...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820539/a-survey-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-among-university-employees-a-single-institutional-study
#15
Emmanuel I Agaba, Maxwell O Akanbi, Patricia A Agaba, Amaka N Ocheke, Zumnan M Gimba, Steve Daniyam, Edith N Okeke
BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising globally, with its attendant morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. This study evaluated the prevalence of NCDs and their risk factors among members of a university community. METHODS: All employees of the university were invited to the University health clinic for screening, using the World Health Organisation's STEPwise approach to NCDs. RESULTS: A total of 883 (521; 59...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820524/patterns-of-hand-grip-strength-and-detection-of-strength-loss-in-patients-undergoing-bone-marrow-transplantation-a-feasibility-study
#16
Cindy A Sayre, Basia Belza, Kathleen Shannon Dorcy, Elizabeth Phelan, JoAnne D Whitney
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of measuring hand grip strength (HGS) daily in a population of recipients of bone marrow transplantation (BMT), to describe changes in strength measured by HGS, and to describe relationships between laboratory values (hematocrit, hemoglobin, and absolute neutrophil count) and HGS.
. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, repeated measures, within subject.
. SETTING: Inpatient units at the University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820448/vitamin-d-status-of-residents-in-taiyuan-china-and-influencing-factors
#17
Xiaoning Yan, Jasmine S Thomson, Ruibao Zhao, Ruifang Zhu, Zhaolin Wang, Na Zhang, Jane Coad
High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has been reported worldwide. Residents of Taiyuan, China, were predicted to be at high risk of vitamin D deficiency due to its high latitude, heavy air pollution, and cultural sun avoidance. This study investigated the vitamin D status of office workers, and explored the potential determinants of capillary 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration as well as the relationship between 25(OH)D and metabolic syndrome. Two hundred participants, aged 20 to 80 years, were recruited...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820435/healthy-ageing-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-from-managers-perspective-a-qualitative-study
#18
Maria Johansson, Petra Björne, Ingrid Runesson, Gerd Ahlström
An increasing number of people with intellectual disability (ID) are reaching older ages today although they experience more health problems than the older population without ID. Leaders in intellectual disability services can greatly influence the conditions for a healthy ageing, and the aim of the present study was to explore healthy ageing in this group from the perspective of the leaders. Interviews with 20 leaders were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The findings gave rise to the overall theme ageing in dependence, which emerged from the following six categories: Supporting self-determination; Inaccessible activities after retirement; Signs of decline; Increased and specific needs for support and care; A non-question of gender; Aspects concerning the end of life and death...
August 18, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#19
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820019/the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-and-frequency-of-sugar-sweetened-soft-drink-consumption-among-low-income-adults-in-the-us
#20
Jiyeun Park, Hsien-Chang Lin, Chao-Ying Peng
BACKGROUND: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) was designed to help low-income people purchase nutritious foods in the US. In recent years, there has been a consistent call for banning purchases of sugar drinks in SNAP. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the association between SNAP participation and the frequency of sugar-sweetened soft drink (SSD) consumption among low-income adults in the US. METHOD: Data came from the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
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