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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236239/abdominal-aorta-and-pelvic-artery-calcifications-on-plain-radiographs-may-predict-mortality-in-chronic-kidney-disease-hemodialysis-and-renal-transplantation
#1
Sinee Disthabanchong, Kotcharat Vipattawat, Bunyong Phakdeekitcharoen, Chagriya Kitiyakara, Vasant Sumethkul
PURPOSE: Vascular calcification is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and predicts poor patient outcomes. While computed tomography is the gold standard for evaluation of vascular calcification, plain radiograph offers a simpler and less costly alternative. The calcification of abdominal aorta, iliac and femoral arteries has been evaluated by plain radiograph, but the data on their outcome predictabilities are still limited. The present study investigated the role of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) and pelvic arterial calcification (PAC) in predicting overall morality in non-dialysis CKD stages 2-5 (CKD 2-5), maintenance hemodialysis (HD) and long-term kidney transplant (KT) patients...
December 13, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236217/the-association-between-medical-diagnosis-and-caregiver-burden-a-cross-sectional-study-of-recipients-of-informal-support-and-caregivers-from-the-general-population-study-good-aging-in-sk%C3%A3-ne-sweden
#2
Sölve Elmståhl, Beth Dahlrup, Henrik Ekström, Eva Nordell
BACKGROUND: Different kinds of chronic diseases might imply different dimensions of caregiver burden, not previously described among the caregivers to recipients from the general elder population. AIM: The main objective was to examine differences in burden between the 343 caregivers to persons with different diagnoses. METHODS: A group of elderly recipients of informal care (n = 343) from the general population study 'Good Aging in Skåne' (GÅS) Sweden, were divided into five diagnostic groups: dementia (n = 90), heart and lung diseases (n = 48), stroke (n = 62), fractures (n = 66), depression (n = 40) and the group "other", consisting of different diagnoses (n = 37) according to ICD-10...
December 13, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236188/contributors-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-incarcerated-youth
#3
Larkin Street McReynolds, Gail Wasserman, Elise Ozbardakci
BACKGROUND: Despite elevations in risks associated with self-injurious behavior among community adolescents, the degree to which these features are associated with self-injury among incarcerated youth has rarely been examined. Although the DSM-5 recently proposed a distinct category of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), most studies of youths in forensic settings have not distinguished between subtypes of self-harming individuals. METHODS: Demographic, offense, and disorder contributors to NSSI in incarcerated youths of both genders (N = 358) were examined via a computerized self-report instrument (VISA), largely consistent with DSM-5...
December 13, 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236095/health-literacy-and-hospital-length-of-stay-an-inpatient-cohort-study
#4
Ethan G Jaffee, Vineet M Arora, Madeleine I Matthiesen, David O Meltzer, Valerie G Press
BACKGROUND: Associations between low health literacy (HL) and adverse health outcomes have been well documented in the outpatient setting; however, few studies have examined associations between low HL and in-hospital outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare hospital length of stay (LOS) among patients with low HL and those with adequate HL. DESIGN: Hospital-based cohort study. SETTING: Academic urban tertiary-care hospital. PATIENTS: Hospitalized general medicine patients...
December 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235927/risk-factors-for-hospital-death-in-conditions-needing-palliative-care-nationwide-population-based-death-certificate-study
#5
Barbara Gomes, Maria João Pinheiro, Sílvia Lopes, Maja de Brito, Vera P Sarmento, Pedro Lopes Ferreira, Henrique Barros
BACKGROUND: Most people would prefer to die at home as opposed to hospital; therefore, understanding mortality patterns by place of death is essential for health resources allocation. AIM: We examined trends and risk factors for hospital death in conditions needing palliative care in a country without integrated palliative care. DESIGN: This is a death certificate study. We examined factors associated with hospital death using logistic regression...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235663/digital-screen-time-limits-and-young-children-s-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-a-population-based-study
#6
Andrew K Przybylski, Netta Weinstein
There is little empirical understanding of how young children's screen engagement links to their well-being. Data from 19,957 telephone interviews with parents of 2- to 5-year-olds assessed their children's digital screen use and psychological well-being in terms of caregiver attachment, resilience, curiosity, and positive affect in the past month. Evidence did not support implementing limits (< 1 or < 2 hr/day) as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics, once variability in child ethnicity, age, gender, household income, and caregiver educational attainment were considered...
December 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235561/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#7
REVIEW
Tayebeh Mottaghi, Farzad Amirabdollahian, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies investigating the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and cognitive function have produced inconclusive findings. The aim of this review was to systematically investigate if increased fruit and vegetable consumption is linked with decreased risk of cognitive impairment (CI). METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search using four databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Scopus) in October 2016 and identified cohort and cross-sectional studies, which estimated the risk of CI for fruit and vegetable consumption...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235424/fundamental-movement-skills-of-children-living-in-england-the-role-of-ethnicity-and-native-english-language
#8
Emma L J Eyre, Leanne Jaye Walker, Michael J Duncan
The development of fundamental movement skills (FMS) has been associated with children's general health, and, while there is evidence to suggest that age, gender, physical activity, and socioeconomic status relate to FMS, the relationship of ethnicity and language barriers to FMS competence has been underexplored. These factors may be of particular interest for South Asian (SA) children who have lower physical activity and increased risk of metabolic disease. This cross-sectional study examined ethnic and language differences in FMS among 218 ethnically diverse five-year-old children (61 White ethnic background, 91 SA, 29 Black ethnic background, and 37 other), some with English as a native language ( n = 90) and some with English as an additional language ( n = 75), all recruited from within central England...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235240/gender-differences-in-first-self-perceived-signs-and-symptoms-in-patients-with-an-at-risk-mental-state-and-first-episode-psychosis
#9
Ulrike Heitz, Erich Studerus, Stephanie Menghini-Müller, Martina Papmeyer, Laura Egloff, Sarah Ittig, Astrid Navarra, Christina Andreou, Anita Riecher-Rössler
AIM: Gender differences in the current symptomatology of patients with psychotic disorders have previously been described in the literature. However, it has not yet been investigated whether gender differences exist in the very first self-perceived signs or symptoms of illness onset. The aim of this study was to investigate this aspect in at-risk mental state (ARMS) and first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients. METHODS: ARMS and FEP were recruited via the early detection of psychosis (FePsy) clinic Basel, Switzerland...
December 13, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235193/chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-in-european-older-adults-cross-national-and-gender-differences
#10
M Cimas, A Ayala, B Sanz, M S Agulló-Tomás, A Escobar, M J Forjaz
BACKGROUND: In an ageing Europe, chronic pain is a major public health problem, but robust epidemiological data are scarce. This study aimed to analyse the prevalence of and factors associated with chronic musculoskeletal pain by gender in older adults of 14 European countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed from wave 5 of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The study included people ≥50 years residing in Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235037/expression-and-significance-of-cytokeratin-7-a-squamocolumnar-junction-marker-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Mitra Mehrad, William D Dupont, W Dale Plummer, James S Lewis
The favorable features of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) in the head and neck are limited to those harboring transcriptionally-active HPV, which occur predominantly in the oropharynx (OP). Factors rendering the OP susceptible to HPV oncogenesis are largely unexplored. The role of cytokeratin 7 (CK7) in predisposition to HPV and cancer in the cervix has been evaluated. However, its significance in the H&N is unknown. CK7 immunohistochemistry was performed on a tissue microarray cohort of OP and non-oropharyngeal (NOP) squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) with known clinical follow-up and HPV E6/7 mRNA status...
December 12, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234999/prognostic-significance-of-serum-inflammatory-markers-in-gastric-cancer
#12
Arfon G M T Powell, Debora Parkinson, Neil Patel, David Chan, Adam Christian, Wyn G Lewis
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the relative prognostic value of biomarkers to measure the systemic inflammatory response (SIR) and improve prognostic modeling in a cohort of patients undergoing potentially curative surgery for gastric adenocarcinoma. The hypothesis was that a single SIR biomarker would be associated with the most prognostic value. METHODS: Consecutive 331 patients undergoing surgery for gastric cancer between 2004 and 2016 within a regional UK cancer network were identified...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234961/risk-and-incidence-of-perioperative-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-undergoing-gastric-cancer-surgery
#13
Tomohiro Osaki, Hiroaki Saito, Yoji Fukumoto, Yusuke Kono, Yuki Murakami, Yuji Shishido, Hirohiko Kuroda, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Kengo Sato, Yasuaki Hirooka, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially fatal perioperative complication. Understanding the risk factors for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and initiating appropriate prophylaxis is pivotal for reducing the risk of VTE. The purpose of this study was to clarify the perioperative risk factors for DVT in patients undergoing surgery for gastric cancer. METHODS: We reviewed the findings of lower limb ultrasonography performed in 160 patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer...
December 12, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234958/the-relationship-between-putamen-sma-functional-connectivity-and-sensorimotor-abnormality-in-esrd-patients
#14
Dun Ding, Peng Li, Xue-Ying Ma, Wang-Huan Dun, Shi-Feng Yang, Shao-Hui Ma, Hong-Juan Liu, Ming Zhang
The basal ganglia (BG) are composed of several nuclei involved in neural processing associated with integration of sensory and motor information. Recent neuroimaging studies implicated its key role in control of voluntary motor function. As the sensorimotor abnormality is common among the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population, in the current study, we aimed to investigate the abnormal structure and functional connectivity patterns of BG in ESRD patients. Twenty-nine ESRD and twenty-nine age and gender-matched healthy controls (HC) were enrolled to compare the volume of the subsets in the BG (e...
December 12, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234938/impact-of-incisional-hernia-development-following-abdominal-operations-on-total-healthcare-cost
#15
Vamsi V Alli, Jianying Zhang, Dana A Telem
BACKGROUND: Introduction of the category III CPT code (0437T) for prophylactic mesh augmentation (PMA) highlights efforts to reduce incisional hernia (IH). PMA's value in the context of value-based care requires understanding both the cost of IH development and the savings from prevention. We hypothesized large healthcare costs with IH development. Appreciating which subsets of patients are at highest risk for IH, and the subsets who have the costliest care is essential in targeting interventions for hernia prevention...
December 12, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234911/increased-dot1l-in-synovial-biopsies-of-patients-with-oa-and-ra
#16
Dongyi He, Jia Liu, Yamei Hai, Qi Zhu, Yu Shen, Shicheng Guo, Wenzheng Zhang, Xiaodong Zhou
The studies aimed to determine the changes of histone methylation in synovial tissues of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Synovial tissues were obtained from 30 patients including 12 OA, 16 RA, and 2 trauma that were used as control. A histone methyltransferase DOT1L of the tissues was examined for transcript level with quantitative RT-PCR and protein expression with western blot. Methylation status of DOT1L substrate, H3K79, was examined with immunohistochemistry and western blot...
December 13, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234901/upper-limb-function-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#17
Elizabeth Hotham, Miranda Haberfield, Susan Hillier, Jason M White, Gabrielle Todd
Upper limb function was investigated in children with ADHD using objective methods. We hypothesised that children with ADHD exhibit abnormal dexterity, force application during manipulation of a novel object, and movement rhythmicity. Two groups of age- and gender-matched children were investigated: 35 typically developing children (controls, 10.5 ± 0.4 years, 32M-3F) and 29 children (11.5 ± 0.5 years, 27M-2F) with formally diagnosed ADHD according to DSM-IV-TR criteria. Participants underwent a series of screening tests and tests of upper limb function while "off" medication...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234875/chronic-disease-list-conditions-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-the-private-healthcare-sector-of-south-africa
#18
Nericke Olivier, Johanita Burger, Rianda Joubert, Martie Lubbe, Adele Naudé, Marike Cockeran
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the burden of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in South Africa. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of RA and coexisting chronic disease list (CDL) conditions in the private health sector of South Africa. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional analysis was performed on medicine claims data from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014 to establish the prevalence of RA. The cohort of RA patients was then divided into those with and those without CDL conditions, to determine the number and type of CDL conditions per patient, stratified by age group and gender...
December 12, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234843/the-right-atrium-in-idiopathic-hypereosinophilic-syndrome-insights-from-the-3d-speckle-tracking-echocardiographic-magyar-path-study
#19
A Nemes, I Marton, P Domsik, A Kalapos, É Pósfai, S Modok, Á Kormányos, N Ambrus, Z Borbényi, T Forster
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome is characterized by a persistent eosinophil blood count of >1.5 × 109 cells/l and organ damage, independent of the primary and secondary causes of eosinophilia. The purpose of the present study was to assess the three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography-derived right atrial volumetric and functional properties between hypereosinophilic syndrome patients and matched controls. METHODS: A total of 11 patients with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome and 22 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study...
December 12, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234740/gender-influence-on-the-number-of-roots-and-root-canal-system-configuration-in-human-permanent-teeth-of-a-portuguese-subpopulation
#20
Jorge N R Martins, Duarte Marques, Helena Francisco, João Caramês
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate in vivo, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), the differences between genders regarding the number of roots and root canal morphology. METHOD AND MATERIALS: An existing CBCT scan database was accessed and the scans were divided in two groups according to gender. Tooth inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied. The examined teeth were classified according to the number of roots, and the root canal system was classified according to Vertucci classification...
December 11, 2017: Quintessence International
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