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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114009/2017-american-heart-association-focused-update-on-pediatric-basic-life-support-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality-an-update-to-the-american-heart-association-guidelines-for-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-and-emergency-cardiovascular-care
#1
REVIEW
Dianne L Atkins, Allan R de Caen, Stuart Berger, Ricardo A Samson, Stephen M Schexnayder, Benny L Joyner, Blair L Bigham, Dana E Niles, Jonathan P Duff, Elizabeth A Hunt, Peter A Meaney
This focused update to the American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and emergency cardiovascular care follows the Pediatric Task Force of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation evidence review. It aligns with the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation's continuous evidence review process, and updates are published when the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation completes a literature review based on new science. This update provides the evidence review and treatment recommendation for chest compression-only CPR versus CPR using chest compressions with rescue breaths for children <18 years of age...
November 6, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114008/2017-american-heart-association-focused-update-on-adult-basic-life-support-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality-an-update-to-the-american-heart-association-guidelines-for-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-and-emergency-cardiovascular-care
#2
REVIEW
Monica E Kleinman, Zachary D Goldberger, Thomas Rea, Robert A Swor, Bentley J Bobrow, Erin E Brennan, Mark Terry, Robin Hemphill, Raúl J Gazmuri, Mary Fran Hazinski, Andrew H Travers
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a lifesaving technique for victims of sudden cardiac arrest. Despite advances in resuscitation science, basic life support remains a critical factor in determining outcomes. The American Heart Association recommendations for adult basic life support incorporate the most recently published evidence and serve as the basis for education and training for laypeople and healthcare providers who perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
November 6, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076453/-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-a-69-year-old-woman-treated-with-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#3
Ali Akkawi, Joachim Hoffmann Petersen, Lars Riber
A 69-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency unit due to respiratory distress. Initially the blood pressure was normal. However, it decreased concomitant with low saturation (70%), and it was decided to intubate her due to hypoxia. During intubation, she developed in-hospital cardiac arrest with pulseless electric activity as initial rhythm. Cardio pulmonary resuscitation was initiated, but sufficient spontaneous circulation was not obtained. We successfully initiated extracorporeal life support, and the patient survived with a good outcome...
October 23, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068759/severe-burns-in-a-patient-after-out-of-hospital-cpr
#4
Nir Biterman, Arthur Kerner, Doron Aronson, Yaron BarLavie, Yehuda Ullmann, Michael Kapeliovich
We present a case of a patient after prolonged cardio-pulmonary resuscitation on hot asphalt, who suffered from first and second degree burns which worsened during hospitalization. The patient was treated with therapeutic hypothermia. Possible effect of therapeutic hypothermia on the course of burns is discussed.
October 25, 2017: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941568/resuscitation-thoracotomy
#5
G Boddaert, E Hornez, H De Lesquen, A Avramenko, B Grand, T MacBride, J-P Avaro
Resuscitation thoracotomy is a rarely performed procedure whose use, in France, remains marginal. It has five specific goals that correspond point-by-point to the causes of traumatic cardiac arrest: decompression of pericardial tamponade, control of cardiac hemorrhage, performance of internal cardiac massage, cross-clamping of the descending thoracic aorta, and control of lung injuries and other intra-thoracic hemorrhage. This approach is part of an overall Damage Control strategy, with a targeted operating time of less than 60minutes...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782702/preferences-for-life-sustaining-treatments-examined-by-hidden-markov-modeling-are-mostly-stable-in-terminally-ill-cancer-patients-last-six-months-of-life
#6
Siew Tzuh Tang, Fur-Hsing Wen, Wen-Cheng Chang, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Wen-Chi Chou, Jen-Shi Chen, Ming-Mo Hou
CONTEXT: Stability of life-sustaining treatment (LST) preferences at end of life (EOL) has not been well established for terminally ill cancer patients nor have transition probabilities been explored between different types of preferences. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the stability of cancer patients' LST preferences at EOL by identifying distinct LST preference states and examining the probability of each state transitioning to other states between consecutive time points...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714076/target-value-of-oxygen-saturation-during-the-first-10%C3%A2-min-after-birth
#7
Yosuke Taguchi, Shigeharu Hosono, Kazunori Kayama, Ryota Kato, Kotaro Hine, Nobuhiko Nagano, Kayo Yoshikawa, Shigeru Takahashi, Shori Takahashi
BACKGROUND: During neonatal resuscitation, careful oxygenation is needed. Pulse oximetry is recommended to evaluate the need for oxygenation, but it is not clear whether peripheral perfusion is adequate for the evaluation of arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2 ). Additionally, there has been no study on the changes in SpO2 immediately after birth in Japan, despite the indispensable need for definitive oxygenation criteria. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed in neonates at gestational age 35-41 weeks...
October 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682938/improving-patient-selection-for-refractory-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-treated-with-extracorporeal-life-support
#8
Tahar Chouihed, Antoine Kimmoun, Adrien Lauvray, Francois-Xavier Laithier, Deborah Jaeger, Simon Lemoine, Juan Pablo Maureira, Lionel Nace, Kevin Duarte, Stéphane Albizzati, Nicolas Girerd, Bruno Levy
BACKGROUND: Despite recent management improvement, including Extra-Corporeal Life Support (ECLS), refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (ROHCA) survival remains dramatically low. METHODS: We assessed an innovative strategy (Out of hoSpital Cardiac ARrest-ExtraCorporeal Life Support - "OSCAR-ECLS") to optimize access to ECLS of ROHCA patients and reduce the delay between recognition and ECLS implantation. METHODS: This study, conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital, compared the survival and delay times of ROHCA patients treated by ECLS before and after OSCAR-ECLS implementation...
July 4, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659194/out-of-hospital-cardio-pulmonary-arrest-is-there-a-role-for-the-primary-healthcare-teams
#9
Shlomo Vinker
Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The survival rates are poor and even more frustrating are the rates of neurologically favorable outcomes at hospital discharge. In a recent IJHPR article, Einav et al. concluded that many primary care clinics are underequipped and the physicians underprepared to initiate life-saving services. The chance of having an OHCA in a primary care clinic is very low. But although the impact is small, primary care teams as well as other out-of-hospital healthcare personal should be familiar with the telephone number for summoning emergency medical services (EMS), be aware of the location of the defibrillator in their clinic, and know how to use it...
June 28, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647922/comparison-of-quality-of-chest-compressions-during-training-of-laypersons-using-push-heart-and-little-anne-manikins-using-blinded-cprcards
#10
Shota Tanaka, Alexander E White, Ryo Sagisaka, Guanseng Chong, Eileen Ng, Jinny Seow, Nurul Asyikin Mj, Hideharu Tanaka, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
BACKGROUND: Mass Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) training using less expensive and easily portable manikins is one way to increase the number of trained laypeople in a short time. The easy-to-carry, low-cost CPR training model called Push Heart (PH) is widely used in Japan. The aim of this study was to examine if PH can achieve chest compression quality that is similar to that using more conventional Little Anne (LA) manikins for training laypersons. METHODS: This prospective randomized crossover study was done during routine community CPR training of laypersons in Singapore...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633805/somatic-support-following-cardiac-arrest-for-90%C3%A2-days-leading-to-a-healthy-baby-boy-a-case-report
#11
Sarah Holliday, Barbara Magnuson-Woodward
Due to a lack of published case reports regarding the somatic support of brain dead pregnant patients, each one adds to the limited knowledge that directs care for this patient population. A young woman experienced a cardiac arrest and was subsequently determined to be approximately 20 weeks pregnant following cardio pulmonary resuscitation. Soon after, she was diagnosed as brain dead, but her family chose to keep her supported in hopes of the delivery of a healthy child. She was transferred to our facility, where she was supported after being diagnosed as brain dead for a total of 90 days and delivered a healthy baby boy at almost 32 weeks gestational age...
September 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600109/the-cardio-respiratory-effects-of-intra-abdominal-hypertension-considerations-for-critical-care-nursing-practice
#12
REVIEW
Martin Christensen, Judy Craft
Intra-abdominal hypertension can be classified as either primary or secondary. Primary intra-abdominal hypertension is often associated through trauma or diseases of the abdominopelvic region such as pancreatitis or abdominal surgery, while secondary intra-abdominal hypertension is the result of extra-abdominal causes such as sepsis or burns. The critically ill patient offers some challenges in monitoring in particular secondaryintra-abdominal hypertension because of the effects of fluid resuscitation, the use of inotropes and positive pressure ventilation...
June 6, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549578/pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-caused-by-left-coronary-artery-agenesis-with-primary-shockable-rhythm
#13
Moritz Weigeldt, Sabine Lahmann, Konstantin Krieger, Sebastian Buttenberg, Volker Stephan, Brigitte Stiller, Dirk Stengel
BACKGROUND: To illustrate a rare cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in children, its differential diagnoses, emergency and subsequent treatment at various steps in the rescue chain, and potential outcomes. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-year-old boy with unknown agenesis of the left coronary ostium sustained out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Bystander cardio-pulmonary resuscitation was initiated and defibrillation was performed via an automated external defibrillator (AED) shortly after paramedics arrived at the scene, restoring sinus rhythm and spontaneous circulation...
November 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472516/-one-day-i-will-find-the-right-words-and-they-will-be-simple-rethinking-dnacpr-at-a-national-level
#14
Therese Callus
Evidence has shown a diversity of practices and terminology concerning the implementation and documentation of Do Not Attempt Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) notices across different hospital Trusts in England and Wales, and the Resuscitation Council (UK) has recently proposed a standard approach for how DNACPR notices can be better incorporated into overall care plans. However, the Council can only make recommendations for good practice. This discussion reviews current practices and suggests that the time has come for a national standardized approach to the process of initiating and documenting DNACPR, along with a dedicated programme to increase public understanding of what is involved...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433454/a-randomized-comparison-of-three-chest-compression-techniques-and-associated-hemodynamic-effect-during-infant-cpr-a-randomized-manikin-study
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jacek Smereka, Lukasz Szarpak, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez, Jerzy R Ladny, Steve Leung, Kurt Ruetzler
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric cardiac arrest is an uncommon but critical life-threatening event requiring effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation. High-quality cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential, but is poorly performed, even by highly skilled healthcare providers. The recently described two-thumb chest compression technique (nTTT) consists of the two thumbs directed at the angle of 90° to the chest while having the fingers fist-clenched. This technique might facilitate adequate chest-compression depth, chest-compression rate and rate of full chest-pressure relief...
October 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421842/the-management-of-ventricular-dysrhythmia-in-aconite-poisoning
#16
REVIEW
James M Coulson, Thomas M Caparrotta, John P Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Aconite poisoning is relatively rare but is frequently complicated by ventricular dysrhythmias, which may be fatal. Molecular basis of aconite alkaloid ventricular arrhythmogenicity: Aconite exerts its toxic effects due to the presence of an admixture of alkaloids present in all parts of the plant. The major target of these aconite alkaloids is the fast voltage-gates sodium channel, where they cause persistent activation. This blockade of the channel in the activated state promotes automaticity within the ventricular myocardium and the generation of ventricular arrhythmias...
June 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414164/a-pre-hospital-extracorporeal-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-ecpr-strategy-for-treatment-of-refractory-out-hospital-cardiac-arrest-an-observational-study-and-propensity-analysis
#17
Lionel Lamhaut, Alice Hutin, Etienne Puymirat, Jérome Jouan, Jean-Herlé Raphalen, Romain Jouffroy, Murielle Jaffry, Christelle Dagron, Kim An, Florence Dumas, Eloi Marijon, Wulfran Bougouin, Jean-Pierre Tourtier, Frédéric Baud, Xavier Jouven, Nicolas Danchin, Christian Spaulding, Pierre Carli
BACKGROUND: Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) mortality rates remain very high with poor neurological outcome in survivors. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is one of the treatments of refractory OHCA. This study used data from the mobile intensive care unit (MOICU) as part of the emergency medical system of Paris, and included all consecutive patients treated with ECPR (including pre-hospital ECPR) from 2011 to 2015 for the treatment of refractory OHCA, comparing two historical ECPR management strategies...
April 14, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383397/evaluation-of-a-newly-developed-infant-chest-compression-technique-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-trial
#18
Jacek Smereka, Karol Bielski, Jerzy R Ladny, Kurt Ruetzler, Lukasz Szarpak
BACKGROUND: Providing adequate chest compression is essential during infant cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation (CPR) but was reported to be performed poor. The "new 2-thumb technique" (nTTT), which consists in using 2 thumbs directed at the angle of 90° to the chest while closing the fingers of both hands in a fist, was recently introduced. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare 3 chest compression techniques, namely, the 2-finger-technique (TFT), the 2-thumb-technique (TTHT), and the nTTT in an randomized infant-CPR manikin setting...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377054/complete-chest-recoil-during-laypersons-cpr-is-it-a-matter-of-weight
#19
Enrico Contri, Stefano Cornara, Alberto Somaschini, Cinzia Dossena, Michela Tonani, Francesco Epis, Elisa Zambaiti, Ferdinando Fichtner, Enrico Baldi
INTRODUCTION: Chest compressions depth and complete chest recoil are both important for high-quality Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). It has been demonstrated that anthropometric variables affect chest compression depth, but there are no data about they could influence chest recoil. The aim of this study was to verify whether physical attributes influences chest recoil in lay rescuers. METHODS: We evaluated 1 minute of compression-only CPR performed by 333 laypersons immediately after a Basic Life Support and Automated External Defibrillation (BLS/AED) course...
September 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268186/lay-persons-alerted-by-mobile-application-system-initiate-earlier-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-a-comparison-with-sms-based-system-notification
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Maria Luce Caputo, Sandro Muschietti, Roman Burkart, Claudio Benvenuti, Giulio Conte, François Regoli, Romano Mauri, Catherine Klersy, Tiziano Moccetti, Angelo Auricchio
AIM: We compared the time to initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by lay responders and/or first responders alerted either via Short Message Service (SMS) or by using a mobile application-based alert system (APP). METHODS: The Ticino Registry of Cardiac Arrest collects all data about out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) occurring in the Canton of Ticino. At the time of a bystander's call, the EMS dispatcher sends one ambulance and alerts the first-responders network made up of police officers or fire brigade equipped with an automatic external defibrillator, the so called "traditional" first responders, and - if the scene was considered safe - lay responders as well...
May 2017: Resuscitation
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