keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

rash, AIDS

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320359/chronic-cough-conundrum-a-case-report-of-a-new-diagnosis-of-hiv-and-pulmonary-kaposi-s-sarcoma
#1
Pamela P Bailey, Marylou M Dryer, John P Piper, Sajjad Ahmad
BACKGROUND: When evaluating a common complaint such as cough, clinicians should rely on a patient's history and physical to guide them, but also not diverge from guidelines in screening and testing lest certain diagnoses be overlooked. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44 year old Hispanic male presented to a pulmonologist's office after failing multiple courses of antibiotics for chronic cough, now six months in duration. He described intermittent scant hemoptysis and an evanescent migratory non-pruritic rash occasionally noted on his trunk or limbs...
March 20, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303129/there-is-a-method-to-the-madness-strategies-to-study-host-complement-evasion-by-lyme-disease-and-relapsing-fever-spirochetes
#2
REVIEW
Ashley L Marcinkiewicz, Peter Kraiczy, Yi-Pin Lin
Lyme disease and relapsing fever are caused by various Borrelia species. Lyme disease borreliae, the most common vector-borne pathogens in both the U.S. and Europe, are transmitted by Ixodes ticks and disseminate from the site of tick bites to tissues leading to erythema migrans skin rash, arthritis, carditis, and neuroborreliosis. Relapsing fever borreliae, carried by ticks and lice, trigger reoccurring fever episodes. Following transmission, spirochetes survive in the blood to induce bacteremia at the early stages of infection, which is thought to promote evasion of the host complement system...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222098/multicenter-study-of-skin-rashes-and-hepatotoxicity-in-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-positive-patients-receiving-non-nucleoside-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitor-plus-nucleoside-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitors-in-taiwan
#3
Pei-Ying Wu, Chien-Yu Cheng, Chun-Eng Liu, Yi-Chien Lee, Chia-Jui Yang, Mao-Song Tsai, Shu-Hsing Cheng, Shih-Ping Lin, De-Yu Lin, Ning-Chi Wang, Yi-Chieh Lee, Hsin-Yun Sun, Hung-Jen Tang, Chien-Ching Hung
OBJECTIVES: Two nucleos(t)ide reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) plus 1 non-NRTI (nNRTI) remain the preferred or alternative combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) for antiretroviral-naive HIV-positive patients in Taiwan. The three most commonly used nNRTIs are nevirapine (NVP), efavirenz (EFV) and rilpivirine (RPV). This study aimed to determine the incidences of hepatotoxicity and skin rashes within 4 weeks of initiation of cART containing 1 nNRTI plus 2 NRTIs. METHODS: Between June, 2012 and November, 2015, all antiretroviral-naive HIV-positive adult patients initiating nNRTI-containing cART at 8 designated hospitals for HIV care were included in this retrospective observational study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134705/cutaneous-manifestations-of-systemic-viral-diseases-in-neonates-an-update
#4
Stephanie A Castillo, Anh Khoa Pham, James G Dinulos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dermatologic findings may be the first signs of a neonatal viral infection. This review provides an update of the diagnostic features and therapies for selected viral illnesses [herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus, enterovirus, and Zika virus] that present with cutaneous manifestations in the neonate. RECENT FINDINGS: HSV DNA polymerase chain reaction of plasma and cerebrospinal fluid, routinely used in the diagnosis of neonatal HSV, may have expanded utility in assessing prognosis and acyclovir therapeutic efficacy...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127144/a-nodular-ulcerative-form-of-secondary-syphilis-in-aids
#5
Ofelya Gevorgyan, Benjamin D Owen, Arvind Balavenkataraman, Mitchell R Weinstein
An uncommon variant in the pre-AIDS era, lues maligna is a nodular-ulcerative form of secondary syphilis. We present a case of a 41-year-old man with HIV infection who developed fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, right upper quadrant abdominal pain, weight loss, watery diarrhea, and a painless, nonpruritic rash. He had diffuse nodular-ulcerative lesions in various stages of development. He was found to have a CD4 count of 101 cells/mm(3) (22%), an HIV viral load of 2,735,060 copies/mL, and a positive rapid plasma reagin at 1:64...
January 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118483/meta-analysis-of-the-risk-of-immune-related-adverse-events-with-anti-cytotoxic-t-lymphocyte-associated-antigen-4-and-anti-programmed-death-1-therapies
#6
Yuga Komaki, Fukiko Komaki, Akihiro Yamada, Dejan Micic, Akio Ido, Atsushi Sakuraba
We assessed the risks of immune-related adverse events with anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA4) and anti-programmed death 1 (PD1) therapies by meta-analysis. Twenty-one studies including 11,144 patients were found. Anti-CTLA4 therapy was associated with a significantly higher risk of overall immune-related adverse events, diarrhea, immune-related colitis, pruritus and rash compared to control therapies (relative risk (RR) = 2.43, 2.10, 11.39, 3.88, 3.87, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1...
January 24, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943261/efavirenz-or-nevirapine-in-three-drug-combination-therapy-with-two-nucleoside-or-nucleotide-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitors-for-initial-treatment-of-hiv-infection-in-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-individuals
#7
REVIEW
Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Sara Mursleen, James H Irlam, Alicen B Spaulding, George W Rutherford, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: The advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced the morbidity and mortality due to HIV infection. The World Health Organization (WHO) ART guidelines focus on three classes of antiretroviral drugs, namely nucleoside or nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) and protease inhibitors. Two of the most common medications given as first-line treatment are the NNRTIs, efavirenz (EFV) and nevirapine (NVP)...
December 10, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834135/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-benzophenone-derivatives-as-potential-hiv-1-inhibitors
#8
Zhendong Song, Ping Wang, Shanshan Huang, Changyuan Wang, Ruirui Wang, Liumeng Yang, Yuhong Zhen, Kexin Liu, Yongtang Zheng, Xiaodong Ma
BACKGROUND: Although a number of agents can achieve high response in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients, safer and more active HIV inhibitors are still needed for the growing number of patients infected with resistant HIV virus strains. GW678248, is one of the most potent benzophenone derivatives, exhibiting high potency against a panel of HIV-1 virus (wild-type, K103N mutant, Y181C, etc.) at 1 nM/L concentrations. However, the safety issues associated with rash and liver metabolic enzymes ultimately led to discontinue its further development...
November 11, 2016: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755121/vasculitis-in-the-autoinflammatory-diseases
#9
Hagit Peleg, Eldad Ben-Chetrit
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article addresses the prevalence and relationship between autoinflammatory diseases and vasculitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Autoimmune diseases (AIDs) are a group of syndromes characterized by episodes of unprovoked inflammation due to dysregulation of the innate immune system. Despite the common occurrence of rashes and other skin lesions in these diseases, vasculitis is reported in only a few. On the other hand, neutrophilic dermatoses are more prevalent...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742713/a-woman-with-aids-and-a-neglected-disease-presenting-with-coma-periumbilical-purpuric-rash-and-alveolar-hemorrhage
#10
Bruno A Randi, Marília F Felício, Carolina S Lázari, Maria Irma S Duarte, Ilana Halpern, Yeh-Li Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742712/a-woman-with-aids-and-a-neglected-disease-presenting-with-coma-periumbilical-purpuric-rash-and-alveolar-hemorrhage
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681743/the-clinical-diagnosis-and-management-of-kawasaki-disease-a-review-and-update
#12
REVIEW
Frank H Zhu, Jocelyn Y Ang
Kawasaki disease is an acute, self-limited vasculitis of childhood and has become the leading cause of acquired pediatric heart disease in the USA. Prompt treatment is essential in reducing cardiac-related morbidity and mortality. The underlying etiology remains unknown. The disease itself may be the characteristic manifestation of a common pathway of immune-mediated vascular inflammation in susceptible hosts. The characteristic clinical features of fever for at least 5 days with bilateral nonpurulent conjunctivitis, rash, changes in lips and oral cavity, changes in peripheral extremities, and cervical lymphadenopathy remain the mainstay of diagnosis...
September 2016: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681148/adverse-drug-reactions-associated-with-antiretroviral-therapy-in-south-africa
#13
Sumeshni Birbal, Mukesh Dheda, Elizabeth Ojewole, Frasia Oosthuizen
South Africa has one of the highest prevalences of HIV and AIDS in the world. HIV/AIDS patients face countless challenges, one of which is the risk of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). This study aimed to describe the ADRs reported in South Africa with reference to the type of ADRs, antiretrovirals (ARVs) implicated, seriousness of the ADRs and patient demographics associated with specific ADRs. A retrospective quantitative study was carried out using ADR reports submitted to the National Department of Health (NDoH) from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2014...
September 2016: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588834/early-clinical-features-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-can-they-be-used-to-achieve-earlier-diagnosis-a-risk-prediction-model
#14
Frances Rees, Michael Doherty, Peter Lanyon, Graham Davenport, Richard D Riley, Weiya Zhang, Matthew J Grainge
OBJECTIVES: 1) To compare the primary care consulting behaviour prior to diagnosis of people with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) with controls, 2) to develop and validate a risk prediction model to aid earlier SLE diagnosis. METHODS: 1,739 incident SLE cases practice-matched to 6,956 controls from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Odds ratios were calculated for age, gender, consultation rates, selected presenting clinical features and previous diagnoses in the 5 years preceding diagnosis date using logistic regression...
September 2, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566775/immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-associated-with-secondary-syphilis
#15
Simona Frunza-Stefan, Gyanendra Acharya, Viktoryia Kazlouskaya, Paunel Vukasinov, Yushan Chiou, Zeyar Thet
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is a condition associated with paradoxical worsening and/or new onset of an opportunistic infection in HIV patients following the initiation of anti-retroviral therapy or switching to more potent antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen. Although IRIS associated with many opportunistic infections (OIs) has been well reported, syphilis has very rarely been mentioned in this regard. A 52-year-old male, diagnosed with AIDS six weeks ago, presented with the disseminated non-pruritic painless skin rash...
March 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552432/congenital-brain-abnormalities-and-zika-virus-what-the-radiologist-can-expect-to-see-prenatally-and-postnatally
#16
Patricia Soares de Oliveira-Szejnfeld, Deborah Levine, Adriana Suely de Oliveira Melo, Melania Maria Ramos Amorim, Alba Gean M Batista, Leila Chimelli, Amilcar Tanuri, Renato Santana Aguiar, Gustavo Malinger, Renato Ximenes, Richard Robertson, Jacob Szejnfeld, Fernanda Tovar-Moll
Purpose To document the imaging findings associated with congenital Zika virus infection as found in the Instituto de Pesquisa in Campina Grande State Paraiba (IPESQ) in northeastern Brazil, where the congenital infection has been particularly severe. Materials and Methods From June 2015 to May 2016, 438 patients were referred to the IPESQ for rash occurring during pregnancy or for suspected fetal central nervous system abnormality. Patients who underwent imaging at IPESQ were included, as well as those with documented Zika virus infection in fluid or tissue (n = 17, confirmed infection cohort) or those with brain findings suspicious for Zika virus infection, with intracranial calcifications (n = 28, presumed infection cohort)...
October 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530754/outpatient-use-of-ceftaroline-fosamil-versus-vancomycin-for-osteoarticular-infection-a-matched-cohort-study
#17
Vasilios Athans, Rachel M Kenney, Jacob Wong, Susan L Davis
OBJECTIVES: There are few convenient intravenous options for long-term outpatient treatment of osteoarticular infection (OAI) and limited effectiveness and safety data exist for this off-label use of ceftaroline. The objective of this study was to describe the long-term effectiveness and safety of ceftaroline for the treatment of OAI. METHODS: This was a matched retrospective cohort study of patients receiving ceftaroline- or vancomycin-based therapy for OAI in the outpatient setting...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495916/the-abdominal-wall-transplant-as-a-sentinel-skin-graft
#18
James Barnes, Fadi Issa, Georgios Vrakas, Peter Friend, Henk Giele
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Abdominal wall transplantation is a technique used to achieve abdominal closure after intestinal and multivisceral transplantation. This review focuses on whether there are additional benefits for the skin component as an immune-monitoring tool. RECENT FINDINGS: The largest series of abdominal wall transplants has recently been published. Alongside the physiological advantage gained in abdominal closure, the authors describe the immunological insight that the skin component can provide and how this contributes to the management of patients...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449226/treatment-satisfaction-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-mhealth-smoking-abstinence-reinforcement
#19
Sheila M Alessi, Carla J Rash
The importance of patient satisfaction in modern healthcare is widely recognized, but research on satisfaction in the context of smoking cessation has not kept pace. The purpose of this study was to explore treatment satisfaction in a sample of smokers (N=84) randomized to one of two smoking cessation treatment interventions (mHealth reinforcement and mHealth monitoring) that used cell phone-based procedures to monitor smoking status in individuals' natural environments for 4 weeks. Starting on the target quit date, participants received usual care smoking cessation treatment consisting of 8 weeks of transdermal nicotine and 4 weeks of twice-weekly telephone counseling were also prompted 1 to 3 times daily (with exact number and timing not disclosed beforehand) to use a study cell phone and CO monitor to complete a CO self-test, video-record the process, and submit videos using multimedia messaging within 2 hours...
January 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227446/histoplasma-capsulatum-sinusitis-possible-way-of-revelation-to-the-disseminated-form-of-histoplasmosis-in-hiv-patients-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
R Elansari, R Abada, S Rouadi, M Roubal, M Mahtar
INTRODUCTION: Histoplasma capsulatum is rarely found in nose and sinuses in immunocompetent and even in immunosupressed patients. A literature review revealed rare cases of H. capsulatum sinusitis and the case we describe in this paper is the first case of H. capsulatum sinusitis in Morocco. The purpose of our work is to present a rare case of H. capsulatum sinusitis and a literature review. CASE REPORT: A male patient, at his 39 presented to the emergency with suffered from nasal congestion and yellow postnasal rhinorrhea, occasional headaches and epistaxis for over than two months...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
keyword
keyword
50444
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"