keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AIDS & skin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424026/walking-ability-following-hybrid-assistive-limb-treatment-for-a-patient-with-chronic-myelopathy-after-surgery-for-cervical-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament
#1
Shigeki Kubota, Tetsuya Abe, Hideki Kadone, Kengo Fujii, Yukiyo Shimizu, Aiki Marushima, Tomoyuki Ueno, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Yasushi Hada, Akira Matsumura, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Masashi Yamazaki
CONTEXT: The hybrid assistive limb (HAL) (the wearable robot) can assist kinesis during voluntary control of hip and knee joint motion by detecting the wearer's bioelectric signals on the surface of their skin. The purpose of this study was to report on walking ability following the wearable robot treatment in a patient with chronic myelopathy after surgery for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). FINDINGS: The patient was a 66-year-old woman with cervical OPLL who was able to ambulate independently with the aid of bilateral crutches...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421003/acellular-gelatinous-material-of-human-umbilical-cord-enhances-wound-healing-a-candidate-remedy-for-deficient-wound-healing
#2
Nazihah Bakhtyar, Marc G Jeschke, Laurence Mainville, Elaine Herer, Saeid Amini-Nik
Impaired wound healing is a severe clinical challenge and research into finding effective wound healing strategies is underway as there is no ideal treatment. Gelatinous material from the umbilical cord called Wharton's jelly is a valuable source of mesenchymal stem cells which have been shown to aid wound healing. While the cellular component of Wharton's jelly has been the subject of extensive research during the last few years, little is known about the de-cellularized jelly material of the umbilical cord...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420325/usefulness-of-grayscale-inverted-images-in-addition-to-standard-images-in-digital-mammography
#3
Ayşegül Altunkeser, M Kazım Körez
BACKGROUND: Mammography is essential for early diagnosis of breast cancer, which is the most common type of cancer in females that is associated with a high mortality rate. We investigated whether evaluation of the grayscale inverted images of mammograms would aid in increasing the diagnostic sensitivity of the mammographic imaging technique. METHODS: Our study included 636 mammograms of 159 women who had undergone digital mammography. Standard, grayscale inverted, and standard plus grayscale inverted images were sequentially examined three times, at 15-day intervals, for the presence or assessment of pathological changes in the skin, calcification, asymmetric density, mass lesions, structural distortions, and intramammary and axillary lymph nodes...
April 18, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418342/transsexual-mastectomy-selection-of-appropriate-technique-according-to-breast-characteristics
#4
Hüsamettin Top, Serkan Balta
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous mastectomy for female- to-male transsexuals is usually the first surgical pro- cedure in sexual reassignment. The main objective of subcutaneous mastectomy is to create an aesthetically pleasing male chest contour by removing all glandular tissue while minimizing chest wall scars. AIMS: In this paper, we present our experience with subcutaneous mastectomy performed in female-to- male transsexual patients. The authors recommend their point of view to aid in selecting the most suitable subcutaneous mastectomy technique depending on breast characteristics...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412927/widespread-subcutaneous-necrosis-in-spotted-fever-group-rickettsioses-from-the-coastal-belt-of-sri-lanka-a-case-report
#5
Nathasha Luke, Hasini Munasinghe, Lakshmi Balasooriya, Ranjan Premaratna
BACKGROUND: Spotted fever group rickettsioses (SFGR) transmitted mostly by ticks are increasingly discovered around the World and some of them are either re-emerging or emerging in Sri Lanka. Accidental human infections caused by these vector borne zoonotic diseases generally give rise to nonspecific acute febrile illnesses which can be complicated by multi organ involvement carrying high morbidity and mortality. Nonspecific clinical features and non-availability of early diagnostic facilities are known to result in delay in the diagnosis of rickettsial infections...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412651/time-dependent-effect-of-rutin-on-skin-fibroblasts-membrane-disruption-following-uv-radiation
#6
Agnieszka Gęgotek, Katarzyna Bielawska, Michał Biernacki, Izabela Dobrzyńska, Elżbieta Skrzydlewska
Chronic exposure of the skin to solar UV radiation induces a number of biological alterations, including a redox imbalance; therefore, there is an urgent need for skin cells protective compounds. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of natural, previously extensively examined, polyphenol with antioxidant properties - rutin, on UV-induced skin fibroblasts membrane disruption. Accordingly, fibroblasts exposed to UVA and UVB irradiation were incubated with rutin (12h before and/or up to 24h after irradiation), and the structural and metabolic changes were examined...
April 9, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411350/acute-appendicitis-somatosensory-disturbances-head-zones-and-the-differential-diagnosis-of-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-acnes
#7
Rudi M H Roumen, Wouter Vening, Rosanne Wouda, Marc M Scheltinga
BACKGROUND: Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is a neuropathic abdominal wall pain syndrome typically characterized by locally altered skin sensations. On the other hand, visceral disease may also be associated with similar painful and altered skin sensations ("Head zones"). Aim of the study was to determine if patients with acute appendicitis demonstrated somatosensory disturbances in the corresponding right lower quadrant Head zone. METHODS: The presence of somatosensory disturbances such as hyperalgesia, hypoesthesia, altered cool perception, or positive pinch test was determined in 100 patients before and after an appendectomy...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408691/whole-genome-sequence-of-staphylococcus-hominis-strain-j31-isolated-from-healthy-human-skin
#8
Rosanna Coates-Brown, Malcolm J Horsburgh
We report here the first whole-genome sequence of a skin-associated strain of Staphylococcus hominis determined using the PacBio long-read sequencing platform. S. hominis is a major commensal of the skin microflora. This genome sequence adds to our understanding of this species and will aid studies of gene traffic between staphylococci.
April 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405086/evaluation-and-management-of-an-unusual-congenital-nevus
#9
K Blaire Kerwin, M Alan Menter
Abnormal findings on routine skin exams are common and can be a source of unnecessary medical workup if a clinician is unfamiliar with the finding. Sebaceous nevi are rare skin lesions that are most often benign but may be associated with a multiorgan syndrome or local skin cancer. Dermatologists and primary care physicians may encounter these on routine exams and thus must be comfortable with diagnosis and management. We present the clinical characteristics of a benign sebaceous nevus to help aid in diagnosis of these lesions and outline suggestions for appropriate management options...
April 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404955/identification-of-skin-related-lncrnas-as-potential-biomarkers-that-involved-in-wnt-pathways-in-keloids
#10
Xiao-Jie Sun, Qiang Wang, Baofeng Guo, Xian-Ying Liu, Bing Wang
The long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulating encoding transcripts/genes involved in Wnt signalling pathway in keloids is largely unclear. We used a pathway-focused lncRNA microarray to detect the differentiated expression profiles of both lncRNAs and genes involved in Wnt pathway, thus a total of 116 Wnt-targeted genes and 69 Wnt-related lncRNAs aberrantly expressed in keloids were initially identified. A stepwise bioinformatics was further performed to find skin-related lncRNA/gene pairs in Wnt pathway in keloids...
March 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399823/alcohol-use-disorders-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-southern-brazil-prevalence-risk-factors-and-biological-markers-outcomes
#11
Cláudio Moss da Silva, Raúl Andrés Mendoza-Sassi, Luisa Dias da Mota, Maíba Mikhael Nader, Ana Maria Barral de Martinez
BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse is an important public health problem, frequently unrecognized among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), and requires investigation and intervention. It is usually associated with lower adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). It can also produce adverse clinical outcomes, such as changes in certain HIV markers, particularly CD4 cell counts and HIV viral loads (VLs). Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of alcohol abuse among PLWHA, its associated risk factors and effects on CD4 cell counts and HIV VLs in southern Brazil...
April 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398415/misdiagnosed-crusted-scabies-in-an-aids-patient-leads-to-hyperinfestation
#12
Niloofar Yari, C Helen Malone, Antonio Rivas
Crusted scabies is a severe, highly contagious form of classic scabies caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis. Crusted scabies is more common in immunosuppressed populations and overcrowded environments. In this condition, the host's immune system is overwhelmed and unable to defend against the mites on the skin, resulting in hyperinfestation of the host. Diagnosis can be challenging because the condition resembles other common skin conditions, such as plaque psoriasis. Furthermore, delayed diagnosis and inappropriate treatment can lead to worsening of the condition...
March 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395094/mountain-medical-kits-epidemiology-based-recommendations-and-analysis-of-medical-supplies-carried-by-mountain-climbers-in-colorado
#13
William E Brandenburg, Brian W Locke
Objective: : To provide medical kit recommendations for short mountain wilderness recreation trips (hiking, trekking, backpacking, mountaineering etc.) based on the epidemiology of injury and illness sustained and best treatment guidelines. Additionally, to compare these recommendations to the medical kit contents of mountain climbers in Colorado. Methods: : A primary literature review concerning the epidemiology of injury and illness in mountain wilderness settings was performed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392698/assessment-of-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-in-the-reduction-of-tuberculosis-among-art-patients-in-arba-minch-hospital-ethiopia
#14
Ashenafi Abossie, Tsegaye Yohanes
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is the most frequent life-threatening opportunistic disease among people living with HIV and remains a leading cause of mortality, even among persons receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis have been recommended for the benefit of HIV/AIDS-infected individuals to prevent opportunistic infections. The aim of this study was to assess IPT prophylaxis in the reduction of TB among ART patients. METHODS: The study was a hospital-based retrospective study...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392346/uchl1-regulates-melanogenesis-through-controlling-mitf-stability-in-human-melanocytes
#15
Eun Young Seo, Seon-Pil Jin, Kyung-Cheol Sohn, Chi-Hyun Park, Dong Hun Lee, Jin Ho Chung
Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) is involved in many signaling pathways via the ubiquitin-proteasome system. UCHL1 is expressed in the human skin and serves as a neuronal marker; however, its functions in melanogenesis remain unknown. Here, we investigated the role of UCHL1 in melanogenesis, and elucidated the underlying mechanism using human melanocytes. UCHL1 downregulation by siRNA resulted in upregulation of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), tyrosinase, dopachrome tautomerase (DCT), tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TRP-1), and melanin...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388801/safety-of-2-octyl-cyanoacrylate-in-spreader-grafting
#16
Aurora G Standlee, Marc H Hohman
Cyanoacrylate adhesives can make the placement of spreader grafts in open septorhinoplasty technically easier, but its use is off-label beneath the skin. There is a theoretical risk of toxicity from cyanoacrylate breakdown products, but this risk has not been thoroughly studied in rhinoplasty. The objective was to evaluate the effects of subcutaneous cyanoacrylate use during spreader graft placement in rhinoplasty in a retrospective review of open septorhinoplasties in which 2-octyl cyanoacrylate was used to aid placement of spreader grafts...
April 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379857/postsurgical-pyoderma-gangrenosum-versus-necrotizing-fasciitis-can-we-spot-the-difference
#17
Leila L Touil, Dilnath A R Gurusinghe, Amir Sadri, Ahmed El-Gawad, Fahmy S Fahmy
BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare noninfectious cutaneous disease characterized by expanding areas of skin ulceration around necrotic centers with purulent debris. Exceptionally, it can be precipitated by surgery alone, and this entity has been described as postsurgical pyoderma gangrenosum (PSPG). Cases of PSPG in the literature are rare. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the current literature on PSPG and highlight some observed differences between these conditions...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376890/xeroderma-pigmentosum-cockayne-syndrome-complex
#18
REVIEW
Valerie Natale, Hayley Raquer
Xeroderma pigmentosum-Cockayne syndrome complex is a very rare multisystem degenerative disorder (Orpha: 220295; OMIM: 278730, 278760, 278780, 610651). Published information on XP-CS is mostly scattered throughout the literature. We compiled statistics related to symptom prevalence in XP-CS and have written a clinical description of the syndrome. We also drew on clinical practices used in XP and in Cockayne syndrome without XP to aid management of XP-CS.Extensive searches of the literature identified 43 XP-CS patients...
April 4, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375939/audiological-results-in-ssd-with-an-active-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-implant-at-a-retrosigmoidal-position
#19
Rolf Salcher, Denise Zimmermann, Thomas Giere, Thomas Lenarz, Hannes Maier
OBJECTIVE: One option for patients with single sided deafness (SSD) who experience problems with insufficient hearing in different surroundings is the treatment with percutaneous bone-anchored hearing aids. Common medical problems associated to a skin penetrating abutment can be avoided by active transcutaneous bone conduction hearing implants. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the benefit of an active transcutaneous bone conduction hearing implant in patients with SSD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients suffering from SSD who are implanted with an active transcutaneous bone conduction hearing implant in retrosigmoidal position were audiologically analyzed...
April 3, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374277/construction-of-3d-multicellular-microfluidic-chip-for-an-in-vitro-skin-model
#20
Sojin Lee, Seon-Pil Jin, Yeon Kyung Kim, Gun Yong Sung, Jin Ho Chung, Jong Hwan Sung
Current in vitro skin models do not recapitulate the complex architecture and functions of the skin tissue. In particular, on-chip construction of an in vitro model comprising the epidermis and dermis layer with vascular structure for mass transport has not been reported yet. In this study, we aim to develop a microfluidic, three-dimensional (3D) skin chip with fluidic channels using PDMS and hydrogels. Mass transport within the collagen hydrogel matrix was verified with fluorescent model molecules, and a transport-reaction model of oxygen and glucose inside the skin chip was developed to aid the design of the microfluidic skin chip...
June 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
keyword
keyword
50440
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"