keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HIV, AIDS, skin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224242/dermoscopic-observations-in-disseminated-cryptococcosis-with-cutaneous-involvement
#1
M Sławińska, M Hlebowicz, E Iżycka-Świeszewska, M Sikorska, M Sokołowska-Wojdyło, T Smiatacz, R Nowicki, M Sobjanek
A 26-year-old female patient with a history of intravenous drug abuse, diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) 6 months before. AIDS defining disease was Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia. The patient presented with severely decreased CD4 cell count of 7 cells/mm3 and relatively low HIV viral load of 281 copies/mL. Shortly after initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART), was diagnosed with disseminated cryptococcosis with central nervous system and skin involvement. This article is protected by copyright...
December 10, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184648/estimating-the-prevalence-of-positive-tuberculin-skin-test-reactions-in-general-population-and-high-risk-groups-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Mohammad Sadegh Rezai, Reza Tabrizi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Mahdi Afshari, Siavosh Abedi, Maryam Akbari, Mohammad Amin Bahrami, Mahmood Moosazadeh
Results of tuberculin skin test (TST) surveys among different populations have been reported in many studies as a method for detecting primary Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Combining these results provides reliable estimates of primary latent tuberculosis (TB) infection for health policymakers. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of latent TB infection in general and high-risk populations in Iran. National and international databanks were searched using specific keywords. After restricting the search strategy, duplicates exclusion, reviewing titles, abstracts and full texts, and quality assessment, eligible papers were selected...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164168/aids-related-endemic-mycoses-in-western-cape-south-africa-and-clinical-mimics-a-cross-sectional-study-of-adults-with-advanced-hiv-and-recent-onset-widespread-skin-lesions
#3
Ilan S Schwartz, Chris Kenyon, Rannakoe Lehloenya, Saskya Claasens, Zandile Spengane, Hans Prozesky, Rosie Burton, Arifa Parker, Sean Wasserman, Graeme Meintjes, Marc Mendelson, Jantjie Taljaard, Johann W Schneider, Natalie Beylis, Bonnie Maloba, Nelesh P Govender, Robert Colebunders, Sipho Dlamini
Background: Skin lesions are common in advanced HIV infection and are sometimes caused by serious diseases like systemic mycoses (SM). AIDS-related SM endemic to Western Cape, South Africa, include emergomycosis (formerly disseminated emmonsiosis), histoplasmosis, and sporotrichosis. We previously reported that 95% of patients with AIDS-related emergomycosis had skin lesions, although these were frequently overlooked or misdiagnosed clinically. Prospective studies are needed to characterize skin lesions of SM in South Africa and to help distinguish these from common HIV-related dermatoses...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155877/immune-response-profiles-of-calves-following-vaccination-with-live-bcg-and-inactivated-mycobacterium-bovis-vaccine-candidates
#4
E M D L van der Heijden, J Chileshe, J C M Vernooij, C Gortazar, R A Juste, I Sevilla, J E Crafford, V P M G Rutten, A L Michel
Conventional control and eradication strategies for bovine tuberculosis (BTB) face tremendous difficulties in developing countries; countries with wildlife reservoirs, a complex wildlife-livestock-human interface or a lack of veterinary and veterinary public health surveillance. Vaccination of cattle and other species might in some cases provide the only suitable control strategy for BTB, while in others it may supplement existing test-and-slaughter schemes. However, the use of live BCG has several limitations and the global rise of HIV/AIDS infections has furthermore warranted the exploration of inactivated vaccine preparations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091176/-factors-associated-with-low-knowledge-on-hiv-aids-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-brazil
#5
Raquel Regina de Freitas Magalhães Gomes, Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato, Lígia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
This cross-sectional study analyzed social vulnerability, individual, and programmatic factors associated with low knowledge on HIV/AIDS among men who have sex with men (MSM). Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) was used in 10 Brazilian cities. Knowledge scores on HIV/AIDS were estimated by Item Response Theory and categorized in three levels: high, medium, and low knowledge. Ordinal logistic regression was used for the analysis. Of the 3,746 MSM, 36.6%, 37.4%, and 26% showed high, medium, and low knowledge, respectively...
October 26, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070785/asymptomatic-meningitis-and-lung-cavity-in-a-case-of-cryptococcosis
#6
Aixin Li, Qunhui Li, Caiping Guo, Yulin Zhang
BACKGROUND Cryptococcus neoformans (C. neoformans) infection is one of the most common opportunistic infections in AIDS patients. C. neoformans usually infects the central nervous system (CNS) and/or lungs with typical clinical manifestation. CASE REPORT Here, we report the case of a 52-year-old HIV-1-infected man with disseminated cryptococcosis, including subacute meningitis, pulmonary, and cutaneous cryptococcosis, but only skin lesion served as the chief complaint. Moreover, the results of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tests and lung computed tomography (CT) scan were atypical...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058481/effects-of-antiretroviral-treatment-and-nadir-cd4-count-in-progression-to-cardiovascular-events-and-related-comorbidities-in-a-hiv-brazilian-cohort-a-multi-stage-approach
#7
Raquel de Vasconcellos Carvalhaes de Oliveira, Silvia Emiko Shimakura, Dayse Pereira Campos, Yara Hahr Marques Hökerberg, Flaviana Pavan Victoriano, Sayonara Ribeiro, Valdiléa G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Marilia Sá Carvalho
The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy has resulted in changes of comorbidity profile in people living with HIV (PLHIV), increasing non-AIDS-related events. The occurrence of cardiovascular events is greater in PLHIV, but the mechanism responsible for it is still controversial. This article aimed to investigate factors associated with the progression to cardiovascular events in PLHIV using HAART. A 15-years cohort study with 1135 PLHIV was conducted in Rio de Janeiro-Brazil. Clinical progression was stratified in five states: No comorbidities (s1), arterial hypertension (s2), lipid abnormalities (s3), hypertension and lipid abnormalities (s4) and major cardiovascular events (stroke, coronary artery disease, thrombosis or death) (s5)...
October 23, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053712/reproductive-desire-among-women-living-with-hiv-aids-in-central-brazil-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#8
Marise Ramos de Souza, Waldemar Naves do Amaral, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Giovanni Rezza, Sandra Maria Brunini
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence and examine the factors associated with reproductive desire among women living with HIV/AIDS (WLWHA) in Central Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 274 WLWHA, aged 18 to 49 years, was conducted with the support of treatment services and non-governmental organizations that assist people living with HIV/AIDS. Data regarding sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, sexual behavior, and reproductive variables were collected through interviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902296/an-unusual-case-of-bacillary-angiomatosis-in-the-oral-cavity-of-an-aids-patient-who-had-no-concomitant-tegumentary-lesions-case-report-and-review
#9
Walter de Araujo Eyer-Silva, Pedro Eugênio Mendes Arena Soares, Marcelo Costa Velho Mendes de Azevedo, Guilherme Almeida Rosa da Silva, Dario José Hart Pontes Signorini, Rogerio Neves-Motta, Jorge Francisco da Cunha Pinto, Lívia Machado Moura, Rodrigo Panno Basílio-de-Oliveira, Luciana Ferreira de Araujo, Alexsandra Rodrigues de Mendonça Favacho, Elba Regina Sampaio Lemos
Bacillary angiomatosis (BA) is an angioproliferative disease of immunocompromised patients that usually presents as vascular tumors in the skin and subcutaneous tissues. It is caused by chronic infections with either Bartonella henselae or B. quintana. Oral cavity BA is exceedingly rare and even rarer without simultaneous cutaneous disease. We report herein the case of a 51-year-old HIV-infected man who presented severe odynophagia and an eroded lesion on the hard palate that progressed to an oronasal fistula...
August 24, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833522/unusually-high-prevalence-of-classical-kaposi-s-sarcoma-in-druze-muslims-of-northern-israel
#10
LETTER
M Schaffer, R Kassem, I Ben Shlomo, A Livoff, N Asna, J Zidan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791686/the-role-of-dna-polymerase-chain-reaction-culture-and-histopathology-in-the-diagnosis-of-cutaneous-tuberculosis
#11
Puneet Agarwal, Elangbam Nelson Singh, Uma Shankar Agarwal, Ramsingh Meena, Saroj Purohit, Surendra Kumar
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous tuberculosis (TB) is re-emerging as a significant problem in India due to increased incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), other immunosuppressive states/factors like drugs, and emergence of multidrug resistance (MDR-TB). Proper diagnosis is warranted as there is varied clinical presentation and similarity with many other diseases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the sensitivities of DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR), culture, and histopathology for the diagnosis of cutaneous TB in clinically suspected skin lesions...
November 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746533/frequency-of-indeterminate-results-from-an-interferon-gamma-release-assay-among-hiv-infected-individuals
#12
Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de Oliveira, Anete Trajman, Anamaria Mello Miranda Paniago, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Antonio Ruffino-Netto, Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel, Julio Croda, Maria da Gloria Bonecini-Almeida
Objective: To evaluate the frequency of and factors associated with indeterminate interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) results in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Methods: We tested 81 PLWHA in the central-west region of Brazil, using the tuberculin skin test and an IGRA. Information on sociodemographic and clinical variables was gathered through the use of questionnaires and from medical records. The association of those variables with indeterminate results was analyzed by calculating the adjusted ORs in a multivariate logistic regression model...
May 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668679/novel-application-of-published-risk-factors-for-methicillin-resistant-s-aureus-in-acute-bacterial-skin-and-skin-structure-infections
#13
Kimberly C Claeys, Evan J Zasowski, Abdalhamid M Lagnf, Donald P Levine, Susan L Davis, Michael J Rybak
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (MRSA ABSSSIs) are associated with a significant clinical and economic burden; however, rapid identification of MRSA remains a clinical challenge. This study aimed to use a novel method of predictive modeling to determine those at highest risk of MRSA ABSSSIs. Risk factors for MRSA ABSSSI were derived from a combination of previously published literature and multivariable logistic regression of individual patient data (IPD) using the 'adaptation method...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660356/community-acquired-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-hiv-infected-patients-on-antiretroviral-therapy-predictors-in-a-contemporary-cohort-study
#14
Cristiane C Lamas, Lara E Coelho, Beatriz J Grinsztejn, Valdilea G Veloso
Community-acquired pneumonia represents the most frequent bacterial infection in patients with HIV/AIDS. PURPOSE: We aimed to assess variables associated with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) among HIV-infected adults using ART. METHODS: A cohort study of HIV-infected patients aged ≥18 years, enrolled from 2000 to 2015, on ART for at least 60 days, with primary outcome as the 1st episode of LRTI during follow-up. The independent variables included were sex at birth, age, race/skin color, educational level, tobacco smoking, alcohol use, cocaine use, diabetes mellitus, CD4 count, HIV viral load, influenza and pneumococcal vaccination...
June 28, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614446/-factors-associated-with-tb-hiv-coinfection-evidence-from-notification-data-in-the-state-of-amazonas-brazil-2001-2012
#15
Evela da Silva Magno, Valeria Saraceni, Alexandra Brito de Souza, Regma da Silva Magno, Maria das Graças Gomes Saraiva, Samira Bührer-Sékula
Tuberculosis (TB) in persons living with HIV (PLHIV) is the leading infectious cause of AIDS-related death. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of TB/HIV coinfection, evaluate notification of the two diseases over time by probabilistic database linkage, and identify factors associated with AIDS and TB notifications. Prevalence of TB/HIV coinfection was 7.7%. The group of PLHIV with subsequent TB diagnosis was the most representative, despite available preventive measures. Underreporting of TB among AIDS cases was 35%, and 19...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611563/disseminated-coccidioidomycosis-presenting-as-carcinomatosis-peritonei-and-intestinal-coccidioidomycosis-in-a-patient-with-hiv
#16
Umer Malik, Hira Cheema, Ramcharitha Kandikatla, Yasir Ahmed, Kalyan Chakrala
Coccidioidomycosis (CM) is a fungal infection endemic in southwestern regions of the United States, northwestern regions of Mexico, and some areas of Brazil and Argentina. Clinical presentation varies depending on the extent of the infection and the immune status of the host. The most common presentation ranges from flu-like symptoms to self-limiting pneumonia. Extrapulmonary presentations are uncommon and may involve the meninges, skin, and bone. Gastrointestinal and peritoneal involvement is extremely rare...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591256/association-of-outcomes-with-comprehension-adherence-and-behavioral-characteristics-of-tuberculosis-patients-using-fixed-dose-combination-therapy-in-contagem-minas-gerais-brazil
#17
Ana Maria Viegas, Silvana Spíndola de Miranda, João Paulo Haddad, Maria das Graças Ceccato, Wânia da Silva Carvalho
The present study aimed to assess the association of outcomes with comprehension, adherence and behavioral characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) patients using fixed-dose combination (FDC) therapy in the city of Contagem, MG, Brazil. This study used standardized questionnaires to collect data. Outcomes included cure in 77.2% (64/ 83), noncompliance with treatment in 20.4% (17/ 83), and absence of organ failure or death cases. The rate of adherence to treatment was high (71.1% - 59/ 83), while the level of comprehension of the treatment was insufficient for the majority of patients (72...
June 1, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491812/acremonium-pneumonia-in-an-aids-patient
#18
Negin Niknam, Siddhi Mankame, Lawrence Ha, Pranisha Gautam-Goyal
Acremonium is a saprophytic fungus mostly causing superficial skin, nail, or ocular infections after traumatic inoculation. However, it is being recently recognized as one of the opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients including neutropenia, malignancies, chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) and transplant recipients. To our knowledge there have been no reported cases of Acremonium infection, related to HIV or AIDS. We present a case of Acremonium pneumonia in a patient with no past medical history who was found to have AIDS...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462859/exfoliative-erythroderma-and-palmoplantar-hyperkeratosis-associated-with-majocchi-s-granuloma-by-trichophyton-tonsurans-in-a-patient-with-aids
#19
Marcelo R Lyra, Bruna Muniz Álvarez, Andrea L Lanziano, Maria Auxiliadora A Imbeth, Adriana M Sá, Tullia Cuzzi, Jeferson C Oliveira, Armando O Schubach
BACKGROUND: Dermatophytoses are skin superficial mycoses in which clinical manifestations are directly related to the virulence of the infecting microorganism or the host immunity. CASE REPORT: We describe a severe case of dermatophytosis associated with exfoliative erythroderma, substantial palmoplantar keratoderma, onychodystrophy affecting all nails, diffuse non-scarring alopecia and tissue fungal invasion by Trichophyton tonsurans, which led us to the diagnosis of AIDS...
July 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435232/self-reported-adherence-and-associated-factors-to-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-for-latent-tuberculosis-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-at-health-centers-in-gondar-town-north-west-ethiopia
#20
Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Seyfe Asrade Atnafie, Demis Driba Balcha, Asegedech Tsegaw Weredekal, Birhanu Alemayehu Woldegiorgis, Mulgeta Melaku Wotte, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillasie
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess self-reported adherence and associated factors to isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for latent tuberculosis among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) at health centers in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An institution-based prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from March 10 to June 11, 2016. A total of 154 eligible participants were included in the study, using the simple random sampling method, from the available four health centers and one teaching referral hospital that provided antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV/AIDS patients...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
keyword
keyword
50439
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"