keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

post conflict

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909449/association-between-dsm-iv-anxiety-disorders-and-suicidal-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-south-korean-adults
#1
Seong-Jin Cho, Jin Pyo Hong, Jun-Young Lee, Jeong Soo Im, Kyoung-Sae Na, Jee Eun Park, Maeng Je Cho
OBJECTIVE: There are conflicting reports about whether individual anxiety disorders are independently associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. We examined whether anxiety disorders are related to suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a community sample of South Korean adults. METHODS: In-person interviews based on the South Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview were conducted to diagnose mental disorders. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to examine whether anxiety disorders were associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907143/increased-exploration-capacity-promotes-group-fission-in-gregarious-foraging-herbivores
#2
Sophie Lardy, Daniel Fortin, Olivier Pays
Many gregarious species display rapid fission-fusion dynamics with individuals frequently leaving their groups to reunite or to form new ones soon after. The adaptive value of such ephemeral associations might reflect a frequent tilt in the balance between the costs and benefits of maintaining group cohesion. The lack of information on the short-term advantages of group fission, however, hampers our understanding of group dynamics. We investigated the effect of group fission on area-restricted search, a search tactic that is commonly used when food distribution is spatially autocorrelated...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904839/noncardiac-thoracic-surgery-in-abidjan-from-1977-to-2015
#3
Yves Tanauh, Flavien Kendja, Hervé Yangni-Angate, Blaise Demine, Raphaël Ouédé, Maurice Kouacou
BACKGROUND: To report and analyze noncardiac thoracic operations performed at the Cardiology Institute of Abidjan (Institut de Cardiologie d'Abidjan) from 1977 to 2015. METHODS: This is a retrospective and descriptive study covering 39 years, from 1977 to 2015. This study period was divided into three periods of 13 years each: P1 from 1977 to 1989, P2 from 1990 to 2002 and P3 from 2003 to 2015. Medical records of 2014 operated patients were analyzed: 414 patients for P1, 464 patients for P2, 1,136 patients for P3...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903869/within-group-behavioural-consequences-of-between-group-conflict-a-prospective-review
#4
REVIEW
Andrew N Radford, Bonaventura Majolo, Filippo Aureli
Conflict is rife in group-living species and exerts a powerful selective force. Group members face a variety of threats from extra-group conspecifics, from individuals looking for reproductive opportunities to rival groups seeking resources. Theory predicts that such between-group conflict should influence within-group behaviour. However, compared with the extensive literature on the consequences of within-group conflict, relatively little research has considered the behavioural impacts of between-group conflict...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903078/why-prevention-of-repeat-abortion-is-so-challenging-psychosocial-characteristics-of-women-at-risk
#5
Brigitte Leeners, Simone Bieli, Dorothy Huang, Sibil Tschudin
OBJECTIVES: Abortion rates have declined in recent decades; however, the rate of repeat abortion remains high. In order to identify keys to making efficient interventions against repeat abortion, our objectives were: to assess the percentage of repeat abortions in women opting for termination of pregnancy over a period of 1 year; to identify the risk factors for repeat abortion; and to assess the characteristics of women who opted for a further pregnancy termination despite having received standard post-abortion care...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898982/evaluation-of-corneal-cross-linking-for-treatment-of-fungal-keratitis-using-confocal-laser-scanning-microscopy-on-an-ex-vivo-human-corneal-model
#6
Jawaher M Alshehri, David Caballero-Lima, M Chantal Hillarby, Susan G Shawcross, Arun Brahma, Fiona Carley, Nick D Read, Hema Radhakrishnan
Purpose: Some previous reports have established the use of photoactivated chromophore-induced corneal cross-linking (PACK-CXL) in treating fungal keratitis. The results of these case reports have often been conflicting. To systematically study the effect of PACK-CXL in the management of Fusarium keratitis, we have developed an ex vivo model of human corneal infection using eye-banked human corneas. Methods: Sixteen healthy ex vivo human corneas were divided into four study groups: (1) untreated control, (2) cross-linked, (3) infected with fungal spores, and (4) infected with fungal spores and then cross-linked...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898266/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-foot-osteomyelitis
#7
Chester N Ashong, Shazia A Raheem, Andrew S Hunter, Cezarina Mindru, Neal R Barshes
BACKGROUND: Conflicting studies exist regarding the impact of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on increased time to wound healing, future need for surgical procedures, and likelihood of treatment failure in patients with diabetic foot osteomyelitis. The purpose of this study is to determine the overall significance of MRSA in predicting treatment failure in bone infections of the foot and to determine an appropriate pre-operative and empiric post-operative antibiotic regimen...
November 29, 2016: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894239/do-the-biologic-agents-increase-the-risk-of-infection-in-patients-undergoing-lower-limb-arthroplasty-surgery
#8
N A Sandiford
BACKGROUND: Biologic agents have contributed significantly to the management of patients with in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A significant proportion of patients with RA still require arthroplasty procedures however. It is unclear whether these agents increase the risk of post operative infection after lower limb arthroplasty . The aim of this review is to review the contemporary literature about this topic along with the recommendations from specialist societies. METHOD: A literature search was performed for articles published over the last 10 years in the English language examining the association between anti-tumour necrosis factor inhibitors and the incidence of post operative infection in patients with RA undergoing hip and knee arthroplasty procedures...
November 27, 2016: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893457/core-ethical-values-of-radiological-protection-applied-to-fukushima-case-reflecting-common-morality-and-cultural-diversities
#9
Chieko Kurihara, Kunwoo Cho, Richard E Toohey
The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has established Task Group 94 (TG94) to develop a publication to clarify the ethical foundations of the radiological protection system it recommends. This TG identified four core ethical values which structure the system: beneficence and non-maleficence, prudence, justice, and dignity. Since the ICRP is an international organization, its recommendations and guidance should be globally applicable and acceptable. Therefore, first this paper presents the basic principles of the ICRP radiological protection system and its core ethical values, along with a reflection on the variation of these values in Western and Eastern cultural traditions...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892849/the-impact-of-acute-stress-on-cognitive-functioning-a-matter-of-cognitive-demands
#10
Thomas Plieger, Andrea Felten, Elena Diks, Jessica Tepel, Melanie Mies, Martin Reuter
INTRODUCTION: There is a controversy in the literature whether stress and related cortisol responses are beneficial or impairing for cognitive functioning. Conflicting results might be due to individual differences in stress reactivity and cognitive load of the applied tasks. METHODS: N = 48 participants underwent the Socially Evaluated Cold Pressor Test and were confronted with the Frankfurter Aufmerksamkeits-Inventar-2 (FAIR-2) which is a low-load attention task and two subscales of the Intelligenz-Struktur-Test 2000 R (I-S-T 2000R) as a high-load reasoning task before and after the stressor...
November 28, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885746/group-therapy-processes-and-treatment-outcomes-in-two-couple-focused-group-interventions-for-breast-cancer-patients
#11
Sharon L Manne, Deborah Kashy, Scott D Siegel, Carolyn J Heckman
OBJECTIVE: There has been little attention paid to the role of therapeutic processes in group therapy outcomes for cancer patients participating in group. The goal was to evaluate the contribution of three group processes - group climate (conflict, engagement, avoidance) working alliance, and therapeutic realizations - to the outcomes of two couple-focused approaches to group treatment. METHODS: Three hundred and two women with early stage breast cancer and their partners were randomized to one of two conditions: an eight-session enhanced couple-focused group intervention (ECG) or a couples' support group (SG) participated...
November 24, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882203/effectiveness-of-emotion-regulation-training-on-the-reduction-of-craving-in-drug-abusers
#12
Hamed Choopan, Seyed Mohammad Kalantarkousheh, Yousef Aazami, Younes Doostian, Ali Farhoudian, Omid Massah
BACKGROUND: Emotion regulation appears to provide individuals with a doubled ability to avoid drug relapse and assists with the control of temptation to reuse, which is a type of tendency-avoidance conflict. The present study aims to investigate the effect of Gross model-based emotion regulation training on the reduction of craving beliefs in drug-addicted people. METHODS: The present study was a quasi-experimental design. This was a pre- and post-test design that consisted of control and experimental groups...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875600/finding-the-words-medical-students-reflections-on-communication-challenges-in-clinic
#13
Genna Braverman, Janine S Bruce, Gregory Makoul, Erika Schillinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal communication is essential to providing excellent patient care and requires ongoing development. Although aspects of medical student interpersonal communication may degrade throughout career progression, it is unknown what specific elements pose challenges. We aimed to characterize clerkship students' perspectives on communication challenges in the outpatient setting to help inform curricular development. METHODS: Third-year medical students in a required family medicine clerkship were asked to describe a communication challenge they encountered...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875532/willingness-to-know-the-cause-of-death-and-hypothetical-acceptability-of-the-minimally-invasive-autopsy-in-six-diverse-african-and-asian-settings-a-mixed-methods-socio-behavioural-study
#14
Maria Maixenchs, Rui Anselmo, Emily Zielinski-Gutiérrez, Frank O Odhiambo, Clarah Akello, Maureen Ondire, S Shujaat H Zaidi, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Kounandji Diarra, Mahamane Djitèye, Roukiatou Dembélé, Samba Sow, Pamela Cathérine Angoissa Minsoko, Selidji Todagbe Agnandji, Bertrand Lell, Mamudo R Ismail, Carla Carrilho, Jaume Ordi, Clara Menéndez, Quique Bassat, Khátia Munguambe
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) is being investigated as an alternative to complete diagnostic autopsies for cause of death (CoD) investigation. Before potential implementation of the MIA in settings where post-mortem procedures are unusual, a thorough assessment of its feasibility and acceptability is essential. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a socio-behavioural study at the community level to understand local attitudes and perceptions related to death and the hypothetical feasibility and acceptability of conducting MIAs in six distinct settings in Gabon, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, and Pakistan...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872981/dual-mobility-arthroplasty-failure-a-rationale-review-of-causes-and-technical-considerations-for-revision
#15
Philippe Hernigou, Arnaud Dubory, Damien Potage, François Roubineau, Charles Henri Flouzat Lachaniette
PURPOSE: Dual-mobility arthroplasty is an alternative to conventional total hip arthroplasty (THA) in appropriately selected, active adults with degenerative, necrotic or post-traumatic hip disease or with revision hip arthroplasty. Numerous papers have been published with results of dual-mobility arthroplasty, but there have been no comprehensive literature reviews that summarise the most recent findings and help the orthopaedic surgeon facing different scenarios in which revision of one or both components of a dual-mobility arthroplasty is indicated...
November 21, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871996/the-role-of-glucocorticoids-in-emotional-memory-reconsolidation-review
#16
REVIEW
Shira Meir Drexler, Oliver T Wolf
Glucocorticoids are secreted following exposure to stressful events. Their modulating role on memory reconsolidation, a post-retrieval process of re-stabilization, has been investigated only recently, at times with conflicting results. The goal of this review is twofold. First, to establish the modulating role of glucocorticoids on memory reconsolidation. Second, to point the potential factors and confounds that might explain the seemingly paradoxical findings. Here we review recent pharmacological studies, conducted in rodents and humans, which suggest a critical role of glucocorticoids in this post-retrieval process...
November 18, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871631/-benefit-of-general-anesthesia-monitored-by-bispectral-index-compared-with-monitoring-guided-only-by-clinical-parameters-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Carlos Rogério Degrandi Oliveira, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Victor Moisés Nunes
BACKGROUND: The bispectral index parameter is used to guide the titration of general anesthesia; however, many studies have shown conflicting results regarding the benefits of bispectral index monitoring. The objective of this systematic review with meta-analysis is to evaluate the clinical impact of monitoring with the bispectral index parameter. METHODS: The search for evidence in scientific information sources was conducted during December 2013 to January 2015, the following primary databases: Medline/PubMed, LILACS, Cochrane, CINAHL, Ovid, SCOPUS and TESES...
November 18, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871229/-the-cango-lyec-project-healing-the-elephant-hiv-related-vulnerabilities-of-post-conflict-affected-populations-aged-13-49-years-living-in-three-mid-northern-uganda-districts
#18
Samuel S Malamba, Herbert Muyinda, Patricia M Spittal, John P Ekwaru, Noah Kiwanuka, Martin D Ogwang, Patrick Odong, Paul K Kitandwe, Achilles Katamba, Kate Jongbloed, Nelson K Sewankambo, Eugene Kinyanda, Alden Blair, Martin T Schechter
BACKGROUND: The protracted war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army in Northern Uganda (1996-2006) resulted in widespread atrocities, destruction of health infrastructure and services, weakening the social and economic fabric of the affected populations, internal displacement and death. Despite grave concerns that increased spread of HIV/AIDS may be devastating to post conflict Northern Uganda, empirical epidemiological data describing the legacy of the war on HIV infection are scarce...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868055/the-paradox-of-foxd3-how-does-it-function-in-pluripotency-and-differentiation-of-embryonic-stem-cells
#19
COMMENT
Jennifer L Plank-Bazinet, Nathan A Mundell
Uncommitted cells of the early mammalian embryo transition through distinct stages of pluripotency, including establishment of ground state "naïve" pluripotency in the early epiblast, transition to a post-implantation "primed" state, and subsequent lineage commitment of the gastrulating epiblast. Previous transcriptional profiling of in vitro models to recapitulate early to late epiblast transition and differentiation suggest that distinct gene regulatory networks are likely to function in each of these states...
2016: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867080/biomechanical-advantages-of-robot-assisted-pedicle-screw-fixation-in-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-compared-to-free-hand-technique-in-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-perspective-for-patient-specific-finite-element-analysis
#20
Ho-Joong Kim, Kyoung-Tak Kang, Sung-Cheol Park, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom, Lawrence G Lenke
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There have been conflicting results regarding the surgical outcome of lumbar fusion surgery using two different techniques between robot-assisted pedicle screw fixation and conventional free-hand technique. In addition, there have been no studies about biomechanical issues between the both techniques. PURPOSE: To investigate biomechanical properties in terms of stress at adjacent segments using robot-assisted pedicle screw insertion technique (robot-assisted minimally invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion, Rom-PLIF) and free-hand technique (conventional, free-hand, open approach, posterior lumbar interbody fusion, Cop-PLIF) for instrumented lumbar fusion surgery...
November 17, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
keyword
keyword
50435
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"