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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453502/parenting-wisely-six-months-later-how-implementation-delivery-impacts-program-effects-at-follow-up
#1
Katie Cotter Stalker, Roderick A Rose, Martica Bacallao, Paul R Smokowski
We evaluated the effectiveness of the Parenting Wisely (PW) program 6 months post intervention and assessed differences based on delivery format. Using a quasi-experimental design, parents (N = 311) participated in the PW program in one of five formats (i.e., parents-only intensive workshop, parents-only 5-week group, parents and adolescents 5-week group, parent and adolescent online, and parent-only online format). An additional 53 parents served as a comparison group. We used the McMaster Family Assessment Device, the Child Behavior Checklist, and the Violent Behavior Checklist to measure family functioning, parenting, and adolescent behavior...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452365/indigenous-medicine-and-biomedical-health-care-in-fragile-settings-insights-from-burundi
#2
Jean-Benoît Falisse, Serena Masino, Raymond Ngenzebuhoro
This study contributes to the health policy debate on medical systems integration by describing and analysing the interactions between health-care users, indigenous healers, and the biomedical public health system, in the so far rarely documented case of post-conflict Burundi. We adopt a mixed-methods approach combining (1) data from an existing survey on access to health-care, with 6,690 individuals, and (2) original interviews and focus groups conducted in 2014 with 121 respondents, including indigenous healers, biomedical staff, and health-care users...
February 14, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448311/enhancing-decision-making-about-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-early-breast-cancer-following-endopredict-testing
#3
Lesley Fallowfield, Lucy Matthews, Shirley May, Valerie Jenkins, David Bloomfield
Chemotherapy side-effects can be substantial. There is increasing recognition that some oestrogen receptor positive (ER+ve), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-ve) patients with breast cancer derive no benefit from chemotherapy and experience only iatrogenic harm. Gene expression profiling tests help refine recurrence risk and likely chemotherapy benefit. EndoPredict® is one such test, which classifies risks of distant recurrence as low or high in patients treated with surgery and adjuvant endocrine therapy alone...
February 15, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447854/risk-factors-associated-complications-for-postoperative-urinary-retention-after-lumbar-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#4
Joshua L Golubovsky, Haariss Ilyas, Jinxiao Chen, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Thomas E Mroz, Michael P Steinmetz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Postoperative Urinary Retention (POUR) is a very common post-operative complication of all surgeries (5 - 70%) that may lead to complications such as urinary tract infection (UTI), bladder over-distention, autonomic dysregulation, and increased postoperative length of stay (LOS). Within the field of spine surgery, the reported incidence of POUR is highly variable (5.6 - 38%). Lack of clear stratification of surgical level, spinal pathology, and inadequate sample size is a major limitation of available studies concerning POUR following spine surgery that may lead to inconsistency in the incidence of POUR and the ability to model its occurrence and consequences...
February 12, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447069/after-aylan-kurdi-how-tweeting-about-death-threat-and-harm-predict-increased-expressions-of-solidarity-with-refugees-over-time
#5
Laura G E Smith, Craig McGarty, Emma F Thomas
Viral social media content has been heralded for its power to transform policy, but online responses are often derided as "slacktivism." This raises the questions of what drives viral communications and what is their effect on support for social change. We addressed these issues in relation to Twitter discussions about Aylan Kurdi, a child refugee who died en route to the European Union. We developed a longitudinal paradigm to analyze 41,253 tweets posted 1 week before the images of Aylan Kurdi emerged, the week they emerged, and 10 weeks afterward-at the time of the Paris terror attacks...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445906/the-neuropsychological-consequences-of-armed-conflicts-and-torture
#6
REVIEW
Pedro Weisleder, Caitlin Rublee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: At any point in time, there are hundreds of armed conflicts throughout the world. Neuropsychological disorders are a major cause of morbidity during and after armed conflicts. Conditions such as closed and open head injuries, acute stress disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and psychosis are prevalent among survivors. Herein, we summarize information on the various forms of torture, the resultant neuropsychological pathology, and treatment strategies to help survivors...
February 14, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444124/annual-changes-in-rotavirus-hospitalization-rates-before-and-after-rotavirus-vaccine-implementation-in-the-united-states
#7
Minesh P Shah, Rebecca M Dahl, Umesh D Parashar, Benjamin A Lopman
BACKGROUND: Hospitalizations for rotavirus and acute gastroenteritis (AGE) have declined in the US with rotavirus vaccination, though biennial peaks in incidence in children aged less than 5 years occur. This pattern may be explained by lower rotavirus vaccination coverage in US children (59% to 73% from 2010-2015), resulting in accumulation of susceptible children over two successive birth cohorts. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of claims data of commercially insured US children aged <5 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438534/both-in-vivo-fsh-depletion-and-follicular-exposure-to-gonadotrophin-releasing-hormone-analogues-in-vitro-are-not-effective-to-prevent-follicular-depletion-during-chemotherapy-in-mice
#8
F Horicks, G Van Den Steen, C Gervy, H J Clarke, I Demeestere
STUDY QUESTION: Does fertility preservation using gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues during chemotherapy act through a direct effect on the ovary or through inhibition of FSH secretion? SUMMARY ANSWER: The absence of FSH in vivo and the direct exposition of ovarian follicles to GnRH analogues in vitro did not prevent chemotherapy-induced ovarian damage. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The potential mechanisms of action of GnRH analogues in protecting ovaries against chemotherapy damage remain poorly understood...
February 9, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438521/leydig-cell-dysfunction-is-associated-with-post-transcriptional-deregulation-of-cyp17a1-in-men-with-sertoli-cell-only-syndrome
#9
M C Lardone, F Argandoña, M Lorca, A Piottante, M Flórez, C Palma, M Ebensperger, A Castro
STUDY QUESTION: Is the expression of steroidogenic enzyme 17α-Hydroxylase/17,20-Lyase (CYP17A1) downregulated in Leydig cells (LCs) of men with spermatogenic failure and compensated impairment of LC function i.e. a low testosterone to LH (T/LH) ratio? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although the transcriptional expression of CYP17A1 is increased, its protein expression is decreased, in isolated LCs of men with spermatogenic failure and reduced serum T/LH. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Primary spermatogenic defects have been associated with functional and morphological abnormalities of LCs, characterized by decreased serum testosterone (T) levels, decreased T/LH, increased 17β-estradiol (E2) and E2/T ratio, and larger clusters of LCs (LC hyperplasia)...
February 9, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435351/the-impact-of-the-2014-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-liberia-on-parent-preferences-for-harsh-discipline-practices-a-quasi-experimental-pre-post-design
#10
Eric Green, Rhea M Chase, John Zayzay, Amy Finnegan, Eve S Puffer
Background: This paper uses data from a cohort of parents and guardians of young children living in Monrovia, Liberia collected before and after the 2014 outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) to estimate the impact of EVD exposure on implicit preferences for harsh discipline. We hypothesized that parents exposed to EVD-related sickness or death would exhibit a stronger preference for harsh discipline practices compared with non-exposed parents. Methods: The data for this analysis come from two survey rounds conducted in Liberia as part of an intervention trial of a behavioral parenting skills intervention...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434064/cervical-length-measurement-in-nulliparous-women-at-term-by-ultrasound-its-relationship-to-spontaneous-onset-of-labour
#11
Joydev Mukherji, Avishek Bhadra, Suhas Kumar Ghosh, Avijit Hazra, Monika Anant, Subir Kumar Bhattacharya, Bibekananda Das, Shabnam Banu
Background & objectives: Data on serial cervical length (CL) measurements in pregnancy at term to predict spontaneous labour onset are scarce and conflicting. This study was conducted to observe CL changes preceding spontaneous onset of labour, by serial transvaginal sonography (TVS) and transabdominal sonography (TAS), in nulliparous Indian women near term. Methods: Only nulliparous women with a singleton foetus in cephalic presentation and who confirmed their gestational age were recruited...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426301/the-comt-polymorphism-is-not-associated-with-the-incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Mehmet Oezkur, Attila Magyar, Phillip Thomas, Andreas Reif, Stefan Störk, Peter U Heuschmann, Rainer G Leyh, Martin Wagner
BACKGROUND: The Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) represents the key enzyme in catecholamine degradation. Recent studies suggest that the COMT rs4680 polymorphism is associated with the response to endogenous and exogenous catecholamines. There are, however, conflicting data regarding the COMT Met/Met phenotype being associated with an increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery. The aim of the current study is to prospectively investigate the impact of the COMT rs4680 polymorphism on the incidence of AKI in patients undergoing cardiac surgery...
February 9, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425882/family-meetings-in-in-patient-specialist-palliative-care-a-mechanism-to-convey-empathy
#13
Liz Forbat, Karemah Francois, Lynne O'Callaghan, Julie Kulikowski
CONTEXT: Family meetings are increasingly used in palliative care, yet have little empirical evidence of their impact in in-patient settings. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether relatives report more empathy following a family meeting in a specialist palliative care in-patient ward. METHODS: Pre/post self-complete questionnaires measuring relational empathy and information needs were administered. Qualitative interviews were also conducted. Data were collected over nine months from one inpatient specialist palliative care unit...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423665/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-different-cortical-targets-used-in-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-for-the-treatment-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd
#14
REVIEW
Simone Rehn, Guy D Eslick, Vlasios Brakoulias
Randomised and sham-controlled trials (RCTs) of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have yielded conflicting results, which may be due to the variability in rTMS parameters used. We performed an updated systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of rTMS for the treatment of OCD and aimed to determine whether certain rTMS parameters, such as cortical target, may be associated with higher treatment effectiveness. After conducting a systematic literature review for RCTs on rTMS for OCD through to 1 December 2016 using MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Google, and Google Scholar, we performed a random-effects meta-analysis with the outcome measure as pre-post changes in Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) scores...
February 9, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415710/maternal-mental-health-priorities-help-seeking-behaviors-and-resources-in-post-conflict-settings-a-qualitative-study-in-eastern-uganda
#15
Wietse A Tol, BreeOna Ebrecht, Rebecca Aiyo, Sarah M Murray, Amanda J Nguyen, Brandon A Kohrt, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Stephen Alderman, Seggane Musisi, Juliet Nakku
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge exists to inform the selection and introduction of locally relevant, feasible, and effective mental health interventions in diverse socio-cultural contexts and health systems. We examined stakeholders' perspectives on mental health-related priorities, help-seeking behaviors, and existing resources to guide the development of a maternal mental health component for integration into non-specialized care in Soroti, eastern Uganda. METHODS: We employed rapid ethnographic methods (free listing and ranking; semi-structured interviews; key informant interviews and pile sorting) with community health workers (n = 24), primary health workers (n = 26), perinatal women (n = 24), traditional and religious healers (n = 10), and mental health specialists (n = 9)...
February 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415229/military-personnel-who-seek-health-and-mental-health-services-outside-the-military
#16
Howard Waitzkin, Mario Cruz, Bryant Shuey, Daniel Smithers, Laura Muncy, Marylou Noble
Background: Although research conducted within the military has assessed the health and mental health problems of military personnel, little information exists about personnel who seek care outside the military. The purpose of this study is to clarify the personal characteristics, mental health diagnoses, and experiences of active duty U.S. military personnel who sought civilian sector services due to unmet needs for care. Materials and Methods: This prospective, multi-method study included 233 clients, based in the United States, Afghanistan, South Korea, and Germany, who obtained care between 2013 and 2016 from a nationwide network of volunteer civilian practitioners...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415222/military-tailored-yoga-for-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Robin E Cushing, Kathryn L Braun, Susan W Alden C-Iayt, Alan R Katz
Introduction: Among veterans of post-9/11 conflicts, estimates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) range from 9% shortly after returning from deployment to 31% a year after deployment. Clinical and pharmaceutically based treatments are underutilized. This could be due to concerns related to lost duty days, as well as PTSD patients' fears of stigma of having a mental health condition. Yoga has been shown to reduce PTSD symptoms in the civilian population, but few studies have tested the impact of yoga on veterans of post-9/11 conflicts...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414490/assessing-market-competition-and-vendors-size-and-scope-on-alphabay
#18
Masarah Paquet-Clouston, David Décary-Hétu, Carlo Morselli
BACKGROUND: Since 2011, drug market participants have traded illegal drugs through cryptomarkets, a user-friendly infrastructure in which drug market participants can conduct business transactions. This study assesses market competition and the size and scope of drug vendors' activities on one of the largest cryptomarkets, AlphaBay, in order to better understand the challenges that drug vendors face when selling on this venue. METHODS: Relying on data collected from AlphaBay, we calculate the degree of competition within the drug market using the Herfindhal-Hirshmann Index (HHI)...
January 30, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412100/the-eis-model-a-pilot-investigation-of-a-multidisciplinary-sex-therapy-treatment
#19
Jennifer Konzen, Jessica Lambert, Marianne Miller, Sesen Negash
Marital couples not experiencing a satisfying sexual relationship are less satisfied in their overall relationship. There is, however, a paucity of controlled outcome studies researching effectiveness of sex therapy interventions. This study was a pilot investigation of a new manual-based sex therapy called the EIS (empathy, intimacy, and sexual satisfaction) model. Results showed significant improvement in sexual and marital satisfaction, marital intimacy, and verbal sexual intimacy for men and women, and sexual function for women...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409095/-from-the-history-of-the-german-society-of-internal-medicine-dgim-part-2-the-dgim-in-the-post-war-period
#20
Ralf Forsbach, Hans-Georg Hofer
Although times were difficult in 1947/48 - with war damage, travel restrictions and the East-West conflict - the German Society for Internal Medicine not only managed to re-organise itself but also hosted its first scientific congress in that year. The DGIM members Franz Volhard and Paul Martini, who rather disapproved of the Nazi regime, played a decisive role in this process. However, a critical discussion of the NS medical crimes, which occurred just a few years ago, remained the exception. It is interesting to note that members who were persecuted by the NS regime were nevertheless willing to attend a congress that obviously provided a forum for the protagonists of the Nazi era...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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