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Physical Therapist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737670/motor-control-training-for-the-shoulder-with-smart-garments
#1
Qi Wang, Liesbet De Baets, Annick Timmermans, Wei Chen, Luca Giacolini, Thomas Matheve, Panos Markopoulos
Wearable technologies for posture monitoring and posture correction are emerging as a way to support and enhance physical therapy treatment, e.g., for motor control training in neurological disorders or for treating musculoskeletal disorders, such as shoulder, neck, or lower back pain. Among the various technological options for posture monitoring, wearable systems offer potential advantages regarding mobility, use in different contexts and sustained tracking in daily life. We describe the design of a smart garment named Zishi to monitor compensatory movements and evaluate its applicability for shoulder motor control training in a clinical setting...
July 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733759/management-of-gait-changes-and-fall-risk-in-mci-and-dementia
#2
REVIEW
Gilles Allali, Joe Verghese
Gait disorders and falls are very prevalent in aging, especially in older adults with cognitive impairment: older adults with dementia are 2-3 times more likely to fall than their non-demented counterparts. The management of gait disorders and falls in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia begins by their identification with the use of specific screening tools, such as measuring gait speed, use of dual-task gait tests, or diagnosing motoric cognitive risk syndrome, a newly described pre-dementia syndrome...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730902/relationships-between-adolescent-body-mass-index-physical-activity-and-sensory-processing-patterns-relations-entre-l-indice-de-masse-corporelle-l-activit%C3%A3-physique-et-les-sch%C3%A3-mes-d-int%C3%A3-gration-sensorielle-des-adolescents
#3
Joan Ziegler Delahunt, Lisa A Mische Lawson
BACKGROUND: Trends show a significant decline with adolescent physical activity (PA). Knowledge regarding how sensory-processing patterns and body mass index (BMI) relate to adolescents' PA participation is scarce. PURPOSE: This study investigated if relationships exist between adolescent BMI, sensory processing, and PA participation. METHOD: This correlational study collected data from 141 adolescents who completed the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile and the Physical Activity Questionnaire-Adolescent...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730063/community-stakeholders-perspectives-on-the-role-of-occupational-therapy-in-primary-healthcare-implications-for-practice
#4
Deshini Naidoo, Jacqueline Van Wyk, Robin Joubert
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare (PHC) is central to increased access and transformation in South African healthcare. There is limited literature about services required by occupational therapists in PHC. Despite policy being in place, the implementation of services at grassroots level does not always occur adequately. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at gaining an understanding of the challenges of being disabled and the services required by occupational therapists (OTs) in rural communities in order to better inform the occupational therapy (OT) training curriculum...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727922/considerations-in-physical-therapy-management-of-a-non-responding-patient-with-low-back-pain
#5
Timothy J Madson
STUDY DESIGN: Case Study. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Low back pain is a common condition managed by physical therapists (PT). Screening tools have been developed to assist the PT with medical screening of patients for serious disease. Sinister pathologies may present as musculoskeletal symptoms during the patient examination. It is important for the PT to frequently reevaluate their patient's response to therapeutic interventions and refer for further evaluation if they are not responding to conservative care...
July 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725930/infant-positioning-baby-gear-use-and-cranial-asymmetry
#6
Anne H Zachry, Vikki G Nolan, Sarah B Hand, Susan A Klemm
Objectives This study aimed to identify predictors of cranial asymmetry. We hypothesize that among infants diagnosed with cranial asymmetry in the sampled region, there is an association between exposure to more time in baby gear and less awake time in prone and side-lying than in infants who do not present with this condition. Methods The study employed a cross sectional survey of caregivers of typically developing infants and infants diagnosed with cranial asymmetry. Results A mutivariable model reveals that caregivers of children who are diagnosed with cranial asymmetry report their children spending significantly less time in prone play than those children without a diagnosis of cranial asymmetry...
July 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724842/short-term-effect-of-back-school-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-involving-multidisciplinary-collaboration
#7
Ryo Motoya, Koji Otani, Takuya Nikaido, Yoko Ono, Takatomo Matsumoto, Ryohei Yamagishi, Shoji Yabuki, Shin-Ichi Konno, Shin-Ichi Niwa, Hirooki Yabe
ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive back school program that included elements of CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), implement this through multidisciplinary collaboration, and ascertain its effectiveness as a pilot study. DesignThis school was implemented in the form of five 90-minute group sessions held every other week.MethodsParticipants comprised 7 chronic low back pain patients with poor improvement in the usual treatment. Practitioners were orthopaedic surgeon, physical therapist, and a clinical psychologist...
July 20, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721691/occupational-therapy-for-adults-with-problems-in-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke
#8
REVIEW
Lynn A Legg, Sharon R Lewis, Oliver J Schofield-Robinson, Avril Drummond, Peter Langhorne
BACKGROUND: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Activities of daily living (ADL) are daily home-based activities that people carry out to maintain health and well-being. ADLs include the ability to: eat and drink unassisted, move, go to the toilet, carry out personal hygiene tasks, dress unassisted, and groom. Stroke causes impairment-related functional limitations that may result in difficulties participating in ADLs independent of supervision, direction, or physical assistance...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721340/post-intensive-care-syndrome-an-overview
#9
Gautam Rawal, Sankalp Yadav, Raj Kumar
Survival of critically unwell patients has improved in the last decade due to advances in critical care medicine. Some of these survivors develop cognitive, psychiatric and /or physical disability after treatment in intensive care unit (ICU), which is now recognized as post intensive care syndrome (PICS). Given the limited awareness about PICS in the medical faculty this aspect is often overlooked which may lead to reduced quality of life and cause a lot of suffering of these patients and their families. Efforts should be directed towards preventing PICS by minimizing sedation and early mobilization during ICU...
June 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719977/the-efficacy-of-interactive-motion-capture-based-rehabilitation-on-functional-outcomes-in-an-inpatient-stroke-population-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
John Cannell, Emelyn Jovic, Amy Rathjen, Kylie Lane, Anna M Tyson, Michele L Callisaya, Stuart T Smith, Kiran Dk Ahuja, Marie-Louise Bird
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of novel interactive, motion capture-rehabilitation software to usual care stroke rehabilitation on physical function. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Two subacute hospital rehabilitation units in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: In all, 73 people less than six months after stroke with reduced mobility and clinician determined capacity to improve. INTERVENTIONS: Both groups received functional retraining and individualized programs for up to an hour, on weekdays for 8-40 sessions (dose matched)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714297/inter-and-intra-rater-reliability-and-minimal-detectable-difference-of-movement-disorder-childhood-rating-scale
#11
Giuseppina Sgandurra, Ilaria Olivieri, Manuela Casarano, Roberta DI Pietro, Valentina Menici, Chiara Velli, Francesca Sini, Simona Lucibello, Domenico M Romeo, Giovanni Cioni, Roberta Battini
BACKGROUND: Movement Disorder-Childhood Rating Scales (MD-CRS) have been designed in two forms (0-3 and 4-18 years) to accurately evaluate various movement disorders in children. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the MD-CRS reliability when used by clinicians and professionals of rehabilitation after a one-day training on scoring it. DESIGN: This is a measurement-focused study of video-recorded sessions. SETTING: Video session carried out inpatient and outpatient...
July 13, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713296/affective-and-engagement-issues-in-the-conception-and-assessment-of-a-robot-assisted-psychomotor-therapy-for-persons-with-dementia
#12
Natacha Rouaix, Laure Retru-Chavastel, Anne-Sophie Rigaud, Clotilde Monnet, Hermine Lenoir, Maribel Pino
The interest in robot-assisted therapies (RAT) for dementia care has grown steadily in recent years. However, RAT using humanoid robots is still a novel practice for which the adhesion mechanisms, indications and benefits remain unclear. Also, little is known about how the robot's behavioral and affective style might promote engagement of persons with dementia (PwD) in RAT. The present study sought to investigate the use of a humanoid robot in a psychomotor therapy for PwD. We examined the robot's potential to engage participants in the intervention and its effect on their emotional state...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712922/utilization-of-manipulative-treatment-for-spine-and-shoulder-conditions-between-different-medical-providers-in-a-large-military-hospital
#13
Daniel Rhon, Tina Greenleee, Julie Fritz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the use of manipulative treatment for shoulder and spine conditions between various provider types. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort SETTING: Single military hospital PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive sample of 7,566 patients seeking care for an initial spine or shoulder condition from 1 January to 31 December 2009. INTERVENTIONS: Manipulative treatment (e.g. manual therapy, spinal and joint manipulation, etc). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Manipulation treatment was identified with procedure billing codes in medical records...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704627/task-specific-training-for-adults-with-chronic-knee-pain-a-case-series
#14
Allyn M Bove, Nancy Baker, Heather Livengood, Visnja King, Joseph Mancino, Adam Popchak, G Kelley Fitzgerald
Study Design Case series. Background Recent evidence suggests that traditional impairment-based rehabilitation approaches for patients with knee pain may not result in improved function or reduced disability. This case series describes a novel task-specific training approach to exercise therapy for patients with chronic knee pain and reports changes in measures of clinical outcome (pain and physical function) following participation in the training program. Case Description Seven patients with chronic knee pain aged ≥ 40 years were included...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703837/multiple-stab-wounds-understanding-the-manner-of-death-through-the-psychological-autopsy
#15
G Di Vella, I Grattagliano, S Curti, R Catanesi, M K Sullivan, L Tattoli
A 48-year-old physical therapist with no history of psychiatric disorders or suicidal tendencies was found dead by his relatives inside his apartment. Multiple stab wounds were present on the chest and the abdomen. Several more superficial cuts were also seen on the neck and the left wrist. At the death scene, there was a large pool of blood in the room, with secondary droplets and stains; a kitchen knife was found beside the body, and a suicide note on a table. Especially the number of wounds raised strong suspicion of a homicide in the first instance but some circumstances (the farewell letter, the absence of clothing injuries, no signs of third-party involvement) and autopsy findings (absence of defense or blunt injuries, the localization of the wounds, the presence of hesitation marks) pointed toward a suicide etiology...
July 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699383/flawed-communications-health-professionals-experience-of-collaboration-in-the-care-of-frail-elderly-patients
#16
Anders Hansson, Ann Svensson, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Lena G Larsson, Berit Forsman, Pia Alsén
AIMS: Frail elderly patients who have multiple illnesses do not fare well in modern health care systems, mainly due to a lack of care planning and flawed communication between health professionals in different care organisations. This is especially noticeable when patients are discharged from hospital. The aim of this study was to explore health care professionals' experience of obstacles and opportunities for collaboration. METHODS: Health professionals were invited to participate in three focus groups, each consisting of a hospital physician, a primary care physician, a hospital nurse, a primary care nurse, a municipal home care nurse or an assistant officer, a physical or occupational therapist and a patient or a family member representative...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691124/measuring-changes-in-gait-and-vehicle-transfer-ability-during-inpatient-rehabilitation-with-wearable-inertial-sensors
#17
Vladimir Borisov, Gina Sprint, Diane J Cook, Douglas L Weeks
Restoration of functional independence in gait and vehicle transfer ability is a common goal of inpatient rehabilitation. Currently, ambulation changes tend to be subjectively assessed. To investigate more precise objective assessment of progress in inpatient rehabilitation, we quantitatively assessed gait and transfer performances over the course of rehabilitation with wearable inertial sensors for 20 patients receiving inpatient rehabilitation services. Secondarily, we asked physical therapists to provide feedback about the clinical utility of metrics derived from the sensors...
March 2017: Proc IEEE Int Conf Pervasive Comput Commun Workshops
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689306/targeted-spine-strengthening-exercise-and-posture-training-program-to-reduce-hyperkyphosis-in-older-adults-results-from-the-study-of-hyperkyphosis-exercise-and-function-sheaf-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
W B Katzman, E Vittinghoff, F Lin, A Schafer, R K Long, S Wong, A Gladin, B Fan, B Allaire, D M Kado, N E Lane
A 6-month randomized controlled trial of spine-strengthening exercise and posture training reduced both radiographic and clinical measures of kyphosis. Participants receiving the intervention improved self-image and satisfaction with their appearance. Results suggest that spine-strengthening exercise and postural training may be an effective treatment option for older adults with hyperkyphosis. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present study is to determine in a randomized controlled trial whether spine-strengthening exercises improve Cobb angle of kyphosis in community-dwelling older adults...
July 8, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686802/training-physical-therapists-in-person-centred-practice-for-people-with-osteoarthritis-a-qualitative-case-study
#19
Belinda J Lawford, Clare Delany, Kim L Bennell, Caroline Bills, Janette Gale, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: To explore physical therapists' experiences with, and the impacts of, a training program in person-centred practice to support exercise adherence in people with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A qualitative case study using semi-structured interviews, nested within a clinical trial. Eight Australian physical therapists were interviewed before, and after, training in person-centred practice for people with knee osteoarthritis. Training involved a two-day workshop, skills practice and audit of eight consultations with four patients (per therapist), and a final single-day workshop for audit feedback and consolidation...
July 7, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683230/observational-scapular-dyskinesis-known-groups-validity-in-patients-with-and-without-shoulder-pain
#20
Hillary A Plummer, Jonathan C Sum, Federico Pozzi, Rini Varghese, Lori A Michener
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background The scapular dyskinesis test (SDT) has demonstrated reliability and validity, but the utility for clinical decision-making is unclear. Objectives Characterize the prevalence of scapular dyskinesis in participants with and without shoulder pain, and to determine the influence of blinding to the presence of shoulder pain on prevalence of scapular dyskinesis. Methods Participants (n=135), 67 with shoulder pain and 68 healthy controls, were included in this study. The SDT was performed by 2 examiners, from a total of 21 physical therapists...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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