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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350384/the-importance-of-psychosocial-factors-in-management-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-patients
#1
Maria A Sobczak-Kaleta, Adam Torbicki, Jarosław D Kasprzak
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is significantly reshaping personal and professional lives of patients due to its chronic nature, varying clinical profile and uncertain perspectives of treatment. PAH is at this time an incurable disease, which requires to consider not only strictly medical dimension, but also the psychosocial aspects of care. This paper discusses therefore the psychological problems most commonly reported by PAH patients. It reviews the instruments used to assess them. We describe the relationships between the quality of life and depressive symptoms and the physical activity of the PAH patients, which have deep treatment-related consequences...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347946/effects-of-long-term-balance-training-with-vibrotactile-sensory-augmentation-among-community-dwelling-healthy-older-adults-a-randomized-preliminary-study
#2
Tian Bao, Wendy J Carender, Catherine Kinnaird, Vincent J Barone, Geeta Peethambaran, Susan L Whitney, Mohammed Kabeto, Rachael D Seidler, Kathleen H Sienko
BACKGROUND: Sensory augmentation has been shown to improve postural stability during real-time balance applications. Limited long-term controlled studies have examined retention of balance improvements in healthy older adults after training with sensory augmentation has ceased. This pilot study aimed to assess the efficacy of long-term balance training with and without sensory augmentation among community-dwelling healthy older adults. METHODS: Twelve participants (four males, eight females; 75...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344965/occupational-therapy-publications-by-australian-authors-a-bibliometric-analysis
#3
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman, Yuh-Shan Ho
BACKGROUND: Bibliometrics refers to the collection and measurement of publishing and citation data configurations with the goal of quantifying the influence of scholarly activities. Advantages of bibliometrics include the generation of quantitative indicators of impact, productivity, quality and collaboration. Those parties who benefit from the results of bibliometric analysis include researchers, educators, journal publishers, employers and research funding bodies. METHODS: A bibliometric analysis was completed of peer-reviewed literature from 1991 to 2015, written by Australian occupational therapists (who were able to be identified as such), and indexed in the Science Citation Index-Expanded (SCI-Expanded) or the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) databases...
January 18, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340245/effects-of-the-visual-feedback-based-force-platform-training-with-functional-electric-stimulation-on-the-balance-and-prevention-of-falls-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Zhen Li, Xiu-Xia Wang, Yan-Yi Liang, Shu-Yan Chen, Jing Sheng, Shao-Jun Ma
Background: Force platform training with functional electric stimulation aimed at improving balance may be effective in fall prevention for older adults. Aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of the visual-feedback-based force platform balance training with functional electric stimulation on balance and fall prevention in older adults. Methods: A single-centre, unblinded, randomized controlled trial was conducted. One hundred and twenty older adults were randomly allocated to two groups: the control group (n = 60, one-leg standing balance exercise, 12 min/d) or the intervention group (n = 60, force platform training with functional electric stimulation, 12 min/d)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334274/an-overview-of-robotic-mechanical-devices-for-post-stroke-thumb-rehabilitation
#5
Marian Suarez-Escobar, Elizabeth Rendon-Velez
PURPOSE: This article aims to clarify the current state-of-the-art of robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation as well as the anatomical characteristics and motions of the thumb that are crucial for the development of any device that aims to support its motion. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation. Specific electronic databases and well-defined search terms and inclusion/exclusion criteria were used for such purpose...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332754/conservative-management-of-thumb-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis-an-italian-survey-of-current-clinical-practice
#6
Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Kristin Valdes, Virginia O'Brien, Monica Seves, Raquel Cantero-Téllez, Pedro Berjano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to elucidate expert opinion on the conservative treatment of thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: A 21-item survey to determine the practice patterns of Italian hand therapists who treat arthritis of the CMC joint was developed and distributed through a professional online survey service to assure confidentiality and anonymity. RESULTS: Of the respondents, 80.8% were physical therapists; the remaining 19...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332733/a-fundamental-critique-of-the-fascial-distortion-model-and-its-application-in-clinical-practice
#7
Christoph Thalhamer
INTRODUCTION: The therapeutic techniques used in the fascial distortion model (FDM) have become increasingly popular among manual therapists and physical therapists. The reasons for this trend remain to be empirically explored. Therefore this paper pursues two goals: first, to investigate the historical and theoretical background of FDM, and second, to discuss seven problems associated with the theory and practice of FDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The objectives of this paper are based on a review of the literature...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330176/therapists-experiences-with-a-new-treatment-combining-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-the-ped-t-for-eating-disorders-an-interview-study-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-at-the-norwegian-school-of-sport-sciences
#8
Maria Bakland, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Rolf Wynn, Jan H Rosenvinge, Annett Victoria Stornæs, Gunn Pettersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to explore how therapists running a guided physical exercise and dietary therapy programme (PED-t) experience their contribution to the treatment of patients with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. METHODS: Ten therapists running the PED-t were semistructurally interviewed and the transcribed interviews were analysed using a systematic text condensation approach. SETTING: The study was run within the context of a randomised controlled trial at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327599/motor-skills-cognition-and-work-performance-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#9
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Dikla Elgerisi, Adam Easterbrook, Navah Z Ratzon
PURPOSE: Employment offers many benefits to people with mental illness, yet their employment rate is much lower than that of the general population. We investigated the effect of work-related motor skills, neurocognition, and job attitudes on the work performance of people with mental illness, comparing those working in sheltered workshops, with controls working in similar jobs. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with severe mental illness and 27 controls matched by gender and age were enrolled into the study using convenience sampling...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325162/an-analysis-of-adverse-events-in-the-rehabilitation-department-using-the-veterans-affairs-root-cause-analysis-system
#10
Gregory W Hagley, Peter D Mills, Brian Shiner, Robin R Hemphill
Background: Root cause analyses (RCA) are often completed in health care settings to determine causes of adverse events (AEs). RCAs result in action plans designed to mitigate future patient harm. National reviews of RCA reports have assessed the safety of numerous health care settings and suggested opportunities for improvement. However, few studies have assessed the safety of receiving care from physical therapists, occupational therapists, or speech and language pathology pathologists...
January 9, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325143/associations-of-gross-motor-delay-behavior-and-quality-of-life-in-young-children-with-autism
#11
James B Hedgecock, Lisa A Dannemiller, Amy Shui, Mary Jane Rapport, Terry Katz
Background: Young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have gross motor delays (GMD) that may accentuate problem daytime behavior (PDB) and health-related quality of life (QoL). Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the degree of GMD in young children with ASD and associations of GMD with PDB and QoL. The primary hypothesis was that GMD significantly modifies the associations between internalizing or externalizing PDB and QoL. Design: This study used a cross-sectional, retrospective analysis...
January 9, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324457/successful-first-gait-of-a-child-with-hip-disarticulation-prosthesis-a-case-report
#12
Hitomi Hara, Teruya Kawamoto, Naomasa Fukase, Etsuko Katayama, Toshiyuki Takemori, Shuichi Fujiwara, Yoshitada Sakai, Kotaro Nishida, Ryosuke Kuroda, Toshihiro Akisue
An infant boy underwent hip disarticulation for infantile fibrosarcoma immediately after birth. His rehabilitation began when he was 4 months old and involved training with his left (residual) leg. He could stand with support at 12 months. His initial prosthesis fitting was performed at the age of 13 months. He could stand and walk with support at 15 months of age and could walk with no additional support and go up and down stairs at 2 years. A single-axis prosthetic knee joint was introduced at the age of 2 years 3 months...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320307/musculoskeletal-injuries-in-professional-modern-dancers-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-15-years
#13
Shaw Bronner, Caroline McBride, Allison Gill
We analysed work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WMSI) in two modern dance companies to determine whether injury rates decreased and patterns altered compared to previous 3-yr and 6-yr audits (0.48 and 0.25/1000-hrs exposure respectively). In this prospectively designed 15-yr cohort study, data were collected in 30-dancer Company-1 and 12-dancer Company-2. In-house physical therapists tracked WMSI and time-loss-injuries for 159 dancers (42 dancers/yr). 15-yrs were grouped into five 3-yr blocks for comparison with prior audits...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318597/aesthetics-and-the-psychotherapist-s-office
#14
Devlin Jackson
The physical spaces in which we conduct psychotherapy are an important yet underacknowledged aspect of psychotherapeutic work. Although a few contemporary publications have provided suggestions for the creation of welcoming, comfortable, and efficient practice spaces, considerations of what it means to transform a room into a therapeutic space have remained largely absent from recent literature. This paper reviews the existing literature on this subject and describes the ways in which the therapist's office is intimately tied to several process of the therapy itself, by way of creating an adaptive environment that is able to meet the needs of both therapist and client over the course of their work together...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317417/patients-and-therapists-experiences-with-a-new-treatment-programme-for-eating-disorders-that-combines-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-the-ped-t-trial-a-qualitative-study-protocol
#15
Gunn Pettersen, Jan H Rosenvinge, Maria Bakland, Rolf Wynn, Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
INTRODUCTION: Women with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder often suffer for many years before they seek professional help. Evidence-based treatments like cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) might be poorly accessible, and about 50% of those who receive CBT respond to it. Such outcome may reflect the heterogeneous nature of eating disorders, and addressing this heterogeneity calls for expanding the portfolio of treatment options. In particular, it is important to explore such options' acceptability, tolerability and affordability expressed through experiences with the treatment...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302796/prehabilitation-a-new-area-of-integration-between-geriatricians-anesthesiologists-and-exercise-therapists
#16
Francesco Carli, Vanessa Ferreira
Surgery in combination with risk factors such as poor physical and nutritional status have detrimental effects on short- and long-term aspects of recovery and quality of life, especially in elderly patients whose functional reserve is limited. Strategies to minimize these effects and accelerate return to baseline levels have focused on the intra- and post-operative period; however, this may not be the most opportune time to intervene. Instead, the preoperative period may be a more emotionally salient and physically enabling time to initiate an intervention aimed at attenuating surgical stress and enhancing recovery after surgery...
January 4, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299474/improvement-in-hamstring-and-quadriceps-muscle-strength-following-cruciate-retaining-single-radius-total-knee-arthroplasty
#17
Jennifer Kurowicki, Anton Khlopas, Assem A Sultan, Nipun Sodhi, Linsen T Samuel, Morad Chughtai, Martin Roche, Peter M Bonutti, Michael A Mont
Background: The ability to reach full functional capacity following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is reliant on the strength of the quadriceps and hamstring muscles. Weakness of these muscles can persist anywhere from 1 to 3 years post-operatively. There remains considerable controversy as to what factors influence restoration of muscle strength after TKA. Implant designs have been implicated in the ability of patients to recover. Currently there is a paucity of literature available describing the influence of patient characteristics, surgical factors, and clinical outcomes on quadriceps and hamstring muscle strength following TKA with a cruciate-retaining, single radius (SR) implant...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299222/functional-electrical-stimulation-cycling-strategies-tested-during-preparation-for-the-first-cybathlon-competition-a-practical-report-from-team-ens-de-lyon
#18
Amine Metani, Lana Popović-Maneski, Sebastien Mateo, Laura Lemahieu, Vance Bergeron
Whether it is from the patient's or the physical therapist's point of view, FES cycling can be considered either as a recreational activity, or an engaging rehabilitation tool. In both cases, it keeps patients with lower-limb paralysis motivated to sustain a regular physical activity. Thus, it is not surprising that it was selected as one of the six disciplines of the first Cybathlon competition held on October 8, 2016. However, many unresolved issues prevent FES cycling from being an activity practiced outdoors on a daily basis; such as, low power production, rapid muscle fatigue, precise electrode positioning, lack of systematic procedures to determine stimulation patterns, and the difficulty of transferring disabled riders from their wheelchair to the tricycle...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298257/telephone-based-intervention-to-improve-rehabilitation-engagement-after-spinal-stenosis-surgery-a-prospective-lagged-controlled-trial
#19
Richard L Skolasky, Anica M Maggard, Stephen T Wegener, Lee H Riley
BACKGROUND: Spine surgery outcomes are variable. Patients who participate in and take responsibility for their recovery have improved health outcomes. Interventions to increase patient involvement in their care may improve health outcomes after a surgical procedure. We conducted a prospective interventional trial to compare the effectiveness of health behavior change counseling with usual care to improve health outcomes after lumbar spine surgical procedures. METHODS: In this study, 122 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis undergoing a decompression surgical procedure from December 2009 through August 2012 were enrolled...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298132/physical-therapy-protocols-for-arthroscopic-bankart-repair
#20
Steven F DeFroda, Nabil Mehta, Brett D Owens
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after arthroscopic Bankart repair can be highly dependent on compliance and participation in physical therapy. Additionally, there are many variations in physician-recommended physical therapy protocols. HYPOTHESIS: The rehabilitation protocols of academic orthopaedic surgery departments vary widely despite the presence of consensus protocols. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
January 1, 2018: Sports Health
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