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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783267/-conceptual-approaches-to-the-investigation-of-a-problem-of-professional-training-of-physical-therapists
#1
Anna V Fastivetz, Pavlo V Khomenko, Inna E Shaparenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:The level of people's health and its preservation is a medical problem that requires the optimal solution and the need to improve the management of the system of measures to achieve the goal. According to specialists, the health of Ukrainian people is accompanied by high mortality, significant parameters of disability and morbidity and a decrease in the average life expectancy. Diseases that lead to such negative medical and social and socio-economic consequences are so-called "illnesses of a way of life" or "diseases of civilization"...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781780/physical-therapists-know-function-an-opinion-on-mobility-and-level-of-activity-during-hospitalization-for-adult-inpatients
#2
Audrey M Johnson, Janice Kuperstein, Dana Howell, Esther E Dupont-Versteegden
Negative consequences of immobility during hospitalization are widely known and remain undisputed. Evidence of low mobility for general medicine adult inpatients persists. Patients who experience hospital acquired functional decline due to low mobility require costly post-acute care services. The impact of immobility on post-acute care physical function and quality of life is directly at odds with value-based care. New Medicare payment models emphasize value-based care to promote care improvement and better patient outcomes...
May 21, 2018: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780834/factors-affecting-the-achievement-of-a-patient-acceptable-symptom-state-1-year-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-cohort-study-of-343-patients-from-2-registries
#3
Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eleonor Svantesson, Susanne Beischer, Alberto Grassi, Ferid Krupic, Roland Thomeé, Kristian Samuelsson
Background: There is insufficient knowledge regarding the influence of concomitant injuries on the recovery of short-term subjective knee function after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Purpose: To determine whether patient characteristics, concomitant injuries, and graft choice during ACL reconstruction can predict which patients achieve acceptable knee function 1 year after reconstruction. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780029/evaluation-of-an-intervention-programme-addressing-ability-to-perform-activities-of-daily-living-among-persons-with-chronic-conditions-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial-able
#4
Susanne Guidetti, Kristina Tomra Nielsen, Cecilie von Bülow, Marc Sampedro Pilegaard, Louise Klokker, Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens
INTRODUCTION: The number of persons living with a chronic condition is increasing worldwide. Conditions are considered chronic when lasting 1 year or more and requiring ongoing medical attention and/or limiting activities of daily living (ADL). Besides medical treatment, physical exercise to improve body functions is recommended and prescribed. However, improvements in body functions do not necessarily improve ability to perform ADL. Thus, it is necessary to develop interventions aiming directly at enhancing ADL ability...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778063/comparison-of-three-dimensional-multi-segmental-foot-models-used-in-clinical-gait-laboratories
#5
Kristen Nicholson, Chris Church, Colton Takata, Tim Niiler, Brian Po-Jung Chen, Nancy Lennon, Julie P Sees, John Henley, Freeman Miller
BACKGROUND: Many skin-mounted three-dimensional multi-segmented foot models are currently in use for gait analysis. Evidence regarding the repeatability of models, including between trial and between assessors, is mixed, and there are no between model comparisons of kinematic results. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study explores differences in kinematics and repeatability between five three-dimensional multi-segmented foot models. The five models include duPont, Heidelberg, Oxford Child, Leardini, and Utah...
May 16, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777530/-power-in-mobility-parent-and-therapist-perspectives-of-the-experiences-of-children-learning-to-use-powered-mobility
#6
Lisa K Kenyon, W Ben Mortenson, William C Miller
AIM: The aim of this study was to gain insights, from the perspectives of both parents and pediatric therapists, into the experiences of children learning to use a power mobility device. METHOD: The purposive sample included 33 participants: 14 parents of children who were learning, or had learned, to use a power mobility device and 19 pediatric occupational therapists or physical therapists. Data were gathered face-to-face via seven focus groups consisting of either parents or therapists, and eight one-on-one interviews...
May 18, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771369/building-the-burn-physician-workforce-for-the-21st-century-report-from-february-2014-burns-workforce-conference
#7
Amalia Cochran, David G Greenhalgh
American Burn Association Past President Palmer Q. Bessey, MD, orchestrated a Burn Workforce Conference in Washington, DC in February, 2014, with the goal of evaluating the workforce needs for doctors, nurses and occupational/physical therapists. This report summarizes the issues related to the need for training future surgeons to manage burn patients. General surgery and plastic surgery residents currently have minimal requirements for burn experience during their training. The respective Boards, however, do require knowledge in the management of burn care...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767802/sitting-together-and-reaching-to-play-start-play-protocol-for-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-efficacy-trial-on-intervention-for-infants-with-neuromotor-disorders
#8
Regina T Harbourne, Stacey C Dusing, Michele A Lobo, Sarah Westcott-McCoy, James Bovaird, Susan Sheridan, James C Galloway, Hui-Ju Chang, Lin-Ya Hsu, Natalie Koziol, Emily C Marcinowski, Iryna Babik
Background: There is limited research examining the efficacy of early physical therapy on infants with neuromotor dysfunction. In addition, most early motor interventions have not been directly linked to learning, despite the clear association between motor activity and cognition during infancy. Objective: The aim of this project is to evaluate the efficacy of Sitting Together And Reaching To Play (START-Play), an intervention designed to target sitting, reaching, and motor-based problem solving to advance global development in infants with motor delays or neuromotor dysfunction...
June 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765577/perception-of-family-caregivers-about-barriers-of-leisure-in-care-of-individuals-with-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#9
Batool Mandani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Ashraf Karbalaie Noori, Mohammad Reza Khodaie Ardakani
Background: Family caregivers of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders play an important role in the management of the patient's conditions, which interferes with other activities of daily living, work, social and leisure activities. Objective: This study was conducted in an Iranian context to explore the perception of family caregivers about barriers of leisure in care of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders. Methods: The current qualitative study was conducted on the basis of conventional content analysis...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764267/clinical-narratives-in-residency-education-exploration-of-the-learning-process
#10
Jennifer A Furze, Bruce H Greenfield, J B Barr, Kathleen Geist, Judith Gale, Gail M Jensen
BACKGROUND: Post-professional residency educational programs aim to advance the knowledge and skills of therapists in a clinical specialty area, however, little is known about the process, outcomes, or effectiveness of residency education. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use narrative as a teaching and learning tool to gain insight into the progressive development of the residents' learning process. DESIGN: Qualitative methods including a retrospective analysis of residents' narratives were used to explore the professional development and thought process of residents...
May 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758127/evaluating-the-impact-of-ebp-education-development-of-a-modified-fresno-test-for-acute-care-nursing
#11
Margo A Halm
BACKGROUND: Proficiency in evidence-based practice (EBP) is essential for relevant research findings to be integrated into clinical care when congruent with patient preferences. Few valid and reliable tools are available to evaluate the effectiveness of educational programs in advancing EBP attitudes, knowledge, skills, or behaviors, and ongoing competency. The Fresno test is one objective method to evaluate EBP knowledge and skills; however, the original and modified versions were validated with family physicians, physical therapists, and speech and language therapists...
May 14, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757066/reliability-and-clinical-feasibility-of-measuring-dual-task-gait-in-the-inpatient-rehabilitation-setting-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Lauren Rachal, Chad Swank, Elaine Trudelle-Jackson, Simon Driver
BACKGROUND: To prepare patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) for discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, physical therapists may incorporate dual-task gait activities. Reliability of common dual-task measures for people with TBI in inpatient rehabilitation is undetermined. Our purpose was to assess inter-rater and intra-rater reliability and clinical feasibility of dual-task measures [Walking While Talking Test (WWTT), Modified Walking and Remembering Task (mWART), Timed Up and Go-cognitive (TUG-COG)] in inpatient rehabilitation for patients with TBI...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757065/the-impact-of-an-evolving-profession-on-the-frequency-and-perceived-difficulty-of-ethical-encounters-among-physical-therapists-in-the-clinic
#13
Patti Berg-Poppe, Angela MacCabe, Joy Karges
BACKGROUND: Ethical decision making is situated within dynamic contexts specific to practice standards and environments, contemporary policy, and responsive educational systems. Reflecting on an evolving profession lends insight into the role of ethical codes of conduct. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to gather information about the frequency and perceived difficulty physical therapists (PTs) experience with common ethical situations within contemporary clinical practice...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757061/exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction-in-athletes-contributory-factors-and-treatment-implications
#14
Liv-Jorunn Kolnes, Trine Stensrud
Otherwise healthy adolescent athletes presenting with respiratory symptoms consistent with exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) are frequently encountered in clinical practice. The symptoms are often incorrectly considered to result from exercise-induced asthma, and may be wrongly treated as such. Given the potential implications for health and performance if EILO is left untreated, a more comprehensive understanding of contributory mechanisms is essential in order to create appropriate treatment procedures...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755167/interrater-reliability-of-the-observable-movement-quality-scale-for-children
#15
Lieke M A Dekkers, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Marianne Jonker, Bert J M de Swart, Anjo J W M Janssen
Purpose: The authors investigated the interrater reliability, the standard deviation of the random measurement error, and the limits of agreement (LoA) of the Observable Movement Quality (OMQ) scale in children. Movement quality is important in the recognition of motor problems, and the OMQ scale, a questionnaire used by paediatric physical therapists, has been developed for use with an age-specific motor test to observe movement quality and score relative to what is expected for a child's age. Method: Paediatric physical therapists ( n =28; 2 men, 26 women) observed video-recorded assessments of age-related motor tests in children ( n =9) aged 6 months to 6 years and filled in the OMQ scale (possible score range 15-75 points)...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754811/integrated-exposure-therapy-and-exercise-reduces-fear-of-falling-and-avoidance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-pilot-study
#16
Julie Loebach Wetherell, Emily S Bower, Kristen Johnson, Douglas G Chang, Samuel R Ward, Andrew J Petkus
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and acceptability of a novel 8-week intervention integrating exercise, exposure therapy, cognitive restructuring, and a home safety evaluation, conducted by a physical therapist, in reducing fear of falling and activity avoidance. To collect preliminary evidence of efficacy. DESIGN: Randomized pilot study comparing the intervention to time- and attention-equivalent fall prevention education. SETTING: Participants' homes...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752911/validation-of-the-work-disability-physical-function-assessment-battery
#17
Christine M McDonough, Pengsheng Ni, Kara Peterik, Judith D Hershberg, Lesli R Bell, Leighton Chan, Diane E Brandt, Alan M Jette
OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of the self-report Work-Disability Functional Assessment Battery (WD-FAB) physical function scales relative to clinician ratings of function and a performance-based functional capacity evaluation: the Physical Work Performance Evaluation (PWPE). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (n=50) participating in physical therapy for musculoskeletal conditions INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747562/early-ambulation-in-patients-with-external-ventricular-drains-results-of-a-quality-improvement-project
#18
Syed Omar Shah, Jacqueline Kraft, Nethra Ankam, Paula Bu, Kristen Stout, Sara Melnyk, Fred Rincon, M Kamran Athar
INTRODUCTION: Prolonged immobility in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) can lead to muscle wasting and weakness, longer hospital stays, increased number of days in restraints, and hospital-acquired infections. Increasing evidence demonstrates the safety and feasibility of early mobilization in the ICU. However, there is a lack of evidence in the safety and feasibility of mobilizing patients with external ventricular drains (EVDs). The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and feasibility of early mobility in this patient population...
June 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745472/advanced-practice-radiation-therapists-an-australian-context
#19
REVIEW
Bronwyn Hilder, Pieter VanDam, Kathleen Doherty
The purpose of this scoping review is to examine the literature regarding the development, implementation, scope and extent of Advanced Practice Radiation Therapist (APRT) roles in Australia in peer reviewed journals, government reports, conference proceedings and reports. A search was undertaken of PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL, the ASMIRT website and, and Google Scholar to identify relevant documents. Combinations of keywords with Boolean operators ((advanced practice) OR (advanced practitioner) OR (specialist)) AND ((radiation therapist) OR (radiation therapy)) were used...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742451/muscle-plasticity-of-aged-subjects-in-response-to-electrical-stimulation-training-and-inversion-and-or-limitation-of-the-sarcopenic-process
#20
REVIEW
Thierry Paillard
This review addresses the possible structural and functional adaptations of the muscle function to neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) training in frail and/or aged (without advanced chronic disease) subjects. Evidence suggests that the sarcopenic process and its structural and functional effects would be limited and/or reversed through NMES training using excito-motor currents (or direct currents). From a structural viewpoint, NMES helps reduce muscle atrophy. From a functional viewpoint, NMES enables the improvement of motor output (i...
May 6, 2018: Ageing Research Reviews
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