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Physical Therapist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440840/professionals-perceptions-of-factors-affecting-implementation-and-continuation-of-a-physical-activity-promotion-programme-in-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#1
Femke Hoekstra, Florentina J Hettinga, Marjolein den Breejen, Marjo Duijf, Lucas H V van der Woude, Rienk Dekker, Cees P van der Schans
OBJECTIVE: To describe professionals' perceptions of factors that facilitate or hamper the implementation and continuation of a physical activity promotion programme in rehabilitation. DESIGN: This study used a qualitative design. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews (n = 22) were conducted with rehabilitation professionals (n = 28) involved in the implementation of a physical activity promotion programme. Two additional interviews were conducted with the programme coordinators (n = 2)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437566/physical-therapists-perceptions-of-telephone-and-internet-video-mediated-service-models-for-exercise-management-of-people-with-osteoarthritis
#2
Belinda J Lawford, Kim L Bennell, Jessica Kasza, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: Investigate physical therapists' perceptions of, and willingness to use, telephone- and internet-mediated service models for exercise therapy for people with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis. METHODS: An internet-based survey of Australian physical therapists comprising three sections: i) demographic information; and 16 positively-framed perception statements about delivering exercise via ii) telephone and; iii) video over the internet, for people with hip and/or knee osteoarthritis...
April 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437490/the-diagnosis-and-initial-treatment-of-patellofemoral-disorders
#3
Alan C Merchant, John P Fulkerson, Wayne Leadbetter
Our purpose is to provide simple guidelines for the diagnosis and early care of patellofemoral disorders. Any clinician who treats knee problems, including family practitioners, rheumatologists, orthopedic surgeons, or physical therapists, must know how to make the correct diagnosis, or at least a presumptive diagnosis, at the initial visit. This can avoid unneeded and costly tests, ineffective treatment, and even damaging exercises and unnecessary surgery. The diagnosis of patellofemoral disorders is confusing because they can have many causes...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436053/measuring-family-centred-practices-of-professionals-in-early-intervention-services-in-taiwan
#4
L-J Kang, R J Palisano, R J Simeonsson, A-W Hwang
BACKGROUND: Family-centred practices emphasize professional supports for forming partnerships with families in early intervention. The Measure of Processes of Care for Service Providers (MPOC-SP) measures the perceptions of paediatric service providers in supporting children and families. This study aimed to establish reliability of the Chinese version of the MPOC-SP (C-MPOC-SP) and to examine professional perceptions of family-centred practices in relation to professional discipline and years of experience...
April 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435337/treatment-strategies-for-the-female-athlete-triad-in-the-adolescent-athlete-current-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Erin Hammer
Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, female sports participation has dramatically increased. The benefits of physical activity, including decreased risk for heart disease and diabetes as well as improved body image and self-esteem, far outweigh the risks. However, a select population of adolescent and young adult females may experience symptoms related to the female athlete triad (Triad), which refers to the interrelatedness of energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density (BMD). These conditions often manifest clinically as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures; an individual may suffer from 1 or all of the Triad components simultaneously...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435321/a-behavioral-medicine-intervention-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Sara Cederbom, Eva Denison, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a major health problem among older adults, particularly those who live alone and/or those who are dependent on formal care. Chronic pain is associated with mobility problems, falls, fear of falling, catastrophizing thoughts, and a lower quality of life. Research shows that physical therapy interventions based on behavioral medicine approaches are beneficial for middle-aged adults with chronic pain. However, there appears to be no previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) based on this theoretical framework that have examined the effect on older adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain who live alone at home and are dependent on formal care to manage their everyday lives...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432409/innovative-treatment-modalities-for-urinary-incontinence-a-european-survey-identifying-experience-and-attitude-of-healthcare-providers
#7
Arnoud W Kastelein, Maarten F A Dicker, Brent C Opmeer, Sonia S Angles, Kaisa E Raatikainen, Joan F Alonso, Diana Tăut, Olavi Airaksinen, Linda D Cardozo, Jan-Paul W R Roovers
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urinary incontinence is a common condition in women, with a reported prevalence ranging from 25% to 51%. Of these women, an estimated 38% suffer from stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A European research consortium is investigating an innovative system based on information and communication technology for the conservative treatment of women with SUI. When introducing a new intervention, implementation barriers arise and need to be identified. Therefore, we investigated healthcare providers' experience with and attitude towards innovative care options...
April 21, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420244/occupation-based-practices-and-homelessness-a-scoping-review
#8
Laurence Roy, Catherine Vallée, Bonnie H Kirsh, Carrie Anne Marshall, Rebecca Marval, Alissa Low
BACKGROUND: Persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness have occupational needs that are seldom addressed in the Canadian system of care. The lack of documented evidence on occupational therapy practices in this field hinders the development of the profession. PURPOSE: This article identifies current and potential practices that aim to enable or support the occupations of persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted, including evidence from both occupational therapy and non-occupational therapy sources...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419586/a-review-of-the-nutritional-challenges-experienced-by-people-living-with-severe-mental-illness-a-role-for-dietitians-in-addressing-physical-health-gaps
#9
REVIEW
S B Teasdale, K Samaras, T Wade, R Jarman, P B Ward
People experiencing a severe mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar affective disorder or depression with psychotic features, have a 20-year mortality gap compared to the general population. This 'scandal of premature mortality' is primarily driven by preventable cardiometabolic disease, and recent research suggests that the mortality gap is widening. Multidisciplinary mental health teams often include psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, specialist mental health nurses, social workers and occupational therapists, offering a range of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments to enhance the recovery of clients who have experienced, or are experiencing a SMI...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419032/formal-physical-therapy-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-is-not-required-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Matthew S Austin, Brian T Urbani, Andrew N Fleischman, Navin D Fernando, James J Purtill, William J Hozack, Javad Parvizi, Richard H Rothman
BACKGROUND: The value of formal physical therapy after total hip arthroplasty is unknown. With substantial changes that have occurred in surgical and anesthesia techniques, self-directed therapy may be efficacious in restoring function to patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, randomized trial of 120 patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty who were eligible for direct home discharge. The experimental group followed a self-directed home exercise program for 10 weeks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413744/bilateral-retinal-detachments-associated-with-inversion-table-therapy
#11
Valerie C Lerebours, Austin J Rohl, Saad Shaikh
To report a case of sequential bilateral inferior retinal detachments secondary to inversion table therapy. A 67-year-old-male developed inferior rhegmatoegnous retinal detachments (RRD) in both eyes on two different occasions with the use of inversion therapeutic tables. Various predisposing factors have been documented for RRD such as previous cataract surgery, peripheral retinal degenerations, high myopia, history of previous retinal detachments and direct ocular trauma. The authors report here a case of inferior retinal detachments associated with the use of inversion therapy...
March 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413108/moisturisers-in-scar-management-following-burn-a-survey-report
#12
Tanja Klotz, Rochelle Kurmis, Zachary Munn, Kathryn Heath, John Greenwood
Scar management is a recognised key component of rehabilitation following burn. Moisturising often combined with massage is commenced once healing tissue has gained sufficient strength to tolerate surface friction, with the aim being to hydrate the dry scar. The studies on various moisturisers and creams provide some guidance on moisturiser selection, but many are inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: This survey aimed to determine the current expert opinion regarding moisturiser recommendations, including the basis for these recommendations, across the burns community...
April 13, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413013/-adaptation-of-the-home-the-occupational-therapist-s-assessment
#13
Éloïse Doiezie, Laura Salgado-Sanchez, Éric Pautas
When the functional independence of elderly people starts to diminish, the choice of adapted assistive devices and some simple modifications to the home can allow them to continue to perform their daily tasks safely and easily. Likewise, when physical dependency is established, the choice of relevant assistive devices enables these people to continue living in their home in the right conditions, both for the person concerned as well as for their direct carers. In these different situations, the assessment by the occupational therapist enables the solutions to be adjusted to the capacities, the morphology and the lifestyles of the elderly person...
March 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411737/neck-posture-during-lifting-and-its-effect-on-trunk-muscle-activation-and-lumbar-spine-posture
#14
Thomas M Hlavenka, Vanessa F K Christner, Diane E Gregory
Neck and head posture have been found to have a significant influence on the posture of the lower spine region during lifting and both an extended/upward gaze and a flexed/downward gaze have been hypothesized to lead to increased pain and/or overuse of the neck musculature. As a result, strength training recommendations have turned to the use of a retracted neck posture as being the safer posture to assume during lifting. This study examined trunk and neck muscle activity and lumbar spine posture in seven participants while performing moderate load lifts using a retracted neck posture (chin drawn in posteriorly; recently gaining popularity among coaches, trainers, and physical therapists to reduce neck pain during lifting, and freestyle neck posture (no instructions given)...
July 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409769/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-anthropometric-measurements-and-maximal-handgrip-strength-in-young-adults
#15
Christopher Eidson, Gavin R Jenkins, Hon K Yuen, Anne Abernathy, Mary Beth Brannon, Anna Pung, Kiara Ward, Tara Weaver
BACKGROUND: To identify physical measures that predict maximal handgrip strength (MHGS) and provide evidence for identifying lack of maximum effort with assessing upper extremity weakness. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated anthropometric measurements associated with MHGS of healthy young adults. METHODS: A convenience sample of 150 healthy adults ages 19 to 34 years old completed the MHGS assessment, which was measured using a Jamar dynamometer according to the protocol of the American Society of Hand Therapists, for both dominant and non-dominant hands...
April 12, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403669/use-of-videoconferencing-for-physical-therapy-in-people-with-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-systematic-review
#16
Stacey Lovo Grona, Brenna Bath, Angela Busch, Thomas Rotter, Catherine Trask, Elizabeth Harrison
Background Physical therapists are key players in the management of musculoskeletal conditions, which are common in rural and remote communities. There are few physical therapists in rural regions compared to potential need, so care is either not provided or must be sought in urban centers, requiring travel and time away from work and family to access services. Telerehabilitation strategies, such as real-time videoconferencing, are emerging as possible solutions to address shortages in rural physical therapy services...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399548/adherence-to-back-pain-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-brazilian-physical-therapists-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Fabrício Soares de Souza, Carlos Emílio Ladeira, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional observational study. OBJECTIVES: 1) To investigate whether Brazilian physical therapists make clinical decisions for patients with low back pain based upon clinical practice guidelines. 2) To determine whether the physical therapists are able to recognize differential diagnoses of low back pain associated with red or yellow flags. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Early adherence to clinical practice guidelines may accelerate recovery and reduce the costs associated with low back pain...
April 10, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394674/the-effect-of-visual-environmental-distraction-on-gait-performance-in-children
#18
F Bizama, A Medley, E Trudelle-Jackson, L Csiza
PURPOSE: Identify the effect of visual distraction on gait parameters in children and describe the role of walking experience (WE) in the management of visual distraction. METHODS: Forty-two typically developing children, mean age 43.2 months (SD = 22.9) participated and were divided into three groups according to WE: early walkers (6-11 months of WE), preschool walkers (12-37 months of WE), and experienced walkers (38-79 months of WE). Gait parameters measured under two conditions (no visual distraction and with visual distraction) included: velocity, step length, step width, and double limb support percentage (DLS%) of gait cycle...
April 10, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389108/physical-and-occupational-therapy-from-the-acute-to-community-setting-following-stroke-predictors-of-use-continuity-of-care-and-timeliness-of-care
#19
Janet K Freburger, Dongmei Li, Anna Johnson, Erin Fraher
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of therapist use (any use, continuity of care, and timing of care) in the acute care hospital and community (home or outpatient) for patients discharged home following stroke. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of Medicare claims (2010-2013) linked to hospital-level and county-level data. SETTING: Acute care hospital and community. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who survived the first 30 days at home after being discharged from an acute care hospital following stroke (N=23,413)...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386536/the-otago-exercise-program-innovative-delivery-models-to-maximize-sustained-outcomes-for-high-risk-homebound-older-adults
#20
Tiffany E Shubert, Lavinia Spring Goto, Matthew Lee Smith, Luohua Jiang, Holly Rudman, Marcia G Ory
BACKGROUND: It is estimated one in two adults age 80 and over fall each year, resulting in substantial morbidity and mortality rates among this oldest-old population. The Otago Exercise program (OEP) is an evidence-based fall prevention program shown to reduce falls by 35% among high-risk older adults. The OEP was designed to be delivered in the home by physical therapists. This model has encountered multiple implementation challenges in the United States health-care system, which has resulted in the development and testing of innovative models to support a broader reach and dissemination of this program...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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