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Biomedical optics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650645/biological-contamination-of-nanoparticles-and-its-manifestation-in-optical-absorbance-measurements
#1
Yuriy Garbovskiy
The biological contamination of nanomaterials is a serious problem hampering their widespread use in biomedical products. Existing commercial chromogenic assays for the detection and quantification of bio-contaminants such as endotoxin can interfere with nanoparticles thus leading to unreliable data. The results reported in this letter offer a solution to the afore-mentioned problems of the nanoparticle interference and correct quantification of bio-contaminants by decomposing their optical absorbance into two physically measurable components and analyzing them as a function of the concentration of contaminated nanoparticles...
June 26, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649464/light-in-diagnosis-therapy-and-surgery
#2
Seok Hyun Yun, Sheldon J J Kwok
Light and optical techniques have made profound impacts on modern medicine, with numerous lasers and optical devices being currently used in clinical practice to assess health and treat disease. Recent advances in biomedical optics have enabled increasingly sophisticated technologies - in particular those that integrate photonics with nanotechnology, biomaterials and genetic engineering. In this Review, we revisit the fundamentals of light-matter interactions, describe the applications of light in imaging, diagnosis, therapy and surgery, overview their clinical use, and discuss the promise of emerging light-based technologies...
2017: Nature biomedical engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648578/application-of-aptamers-in-treatment-and-diagnosis-of-leukemia
#3
REVIEW
Rezvan Yazdian-Robati, Atefeh Arab, Mohammad Ramezani, Khalil Abnous, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi
Leukemia is a cancer of blood cells and bone marrow, leading to death in many patients mainly in children. Over the last several years, aptamers generated by SELEX (Systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment) method, have quickly become a new class of targeting ligands for drug delivery applications and recently have been widely exploited in different biomedical applications, due to several potent properties such as high binding affinity and selectivity, low or no immunogenicity and toxicity, low cost and thermal stability...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646143/a-comparison-between-sphere-and-rod-nanoparticles-regarding-their-in-vivo-biological-behavior-and-pharmacokinetics
#4
Yating Zhao, Yu Wang, Fu Ran, Yu Cui, Chang Liu, Qinfu Zhao, Yikun Gao, Da Wang, Siling Wang
In recent years, spherical nanoparticles has been studied extensively on biomedical applications including bioimaging and biosensing, diagnostics and theranostics, but the effect of the shape of nanoparticles has received little attention. In the present study, we designed three different shaped fluorescent mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), long rod nanoparticles (NLR), short rod nanoparticles (NSR), and spherical nanoparticles (NS) to systematically examine their behavior in vivo after oral administration...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638436/in-vivo-label-free-mapping-of-the-effect-of-a-photosystem-ii-inhibiting-herbicide-in-plants-using-chlorophyll-fluorescence-lifetime
#5
Elizabeth Noble, Sunil Kumar, Frederik G Görlitz, Chris Stain, Chris Dunsby, Paul M W French
BACKGROUND: In order to better understand and improve the mode of action of agrochemicals, it is useful to be able to visualize their uptake and distribution in vivo, non-invasively and, ideally, in the field. Here we explore the potential of plant autofluorescence (specifically chlorophyll fluorescence) to provide a readout of herbicide action across the scales utilising multiphoton-excited fluorescence lifetime imaging, wide-field single-photon excited fluorescence lifetime imaging and single point fluorescence lifetime measurements via a fibre-optic probe...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638087/mesoscopic-multimodal-imaging-provides-new-insight-to-tumor-tissue-evaluation-an-example-of-macrophage-imaging-of-hepatic-tumor-using-organosilica-nanoparticles
#6
Michihiro Nakamura, Koichiro Hayashi, Hitoshi Kubo, Masafumi Harada, Keisuke Izumi, Yoshihiro Tsuruo, Toshinobu Yogo
Multimodal imaging using novel multifunctional nanoparticles provides new approach to biomedical field. Thiol-organosilica nanoparticles containing iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and rhodamine B (thiol OS-MNP/Rho) were applied to multimodal imaging of hepatic tumor of Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rat. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of LEC rats revealed tumors in the liver clearly and semi-quantitatively due to a labeling of macrophages in liver. The fluorescent imaging (FI) showed abnormal fluorescent patterns of the liver at the mesoscopic level that was between macroscopic and microscopic level...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634603/high-resolution-and-multi-range-particle-separation-by-microscopic-vibration-in-an-optofluidic-chip
#7
Y Z Shi, S Xiong, L K Chin, Y Yang, J B Zhang, W Ser, J H Wu, T N Chen, Z C Yang, Y L Hao, B Liedberg, P H Yap, Y Zhang, A Q Liu
An optofluidic chip is demonstrated in experiments for high-resolution and multi-range particle separation through the optically-induced microscopic vibration effect, where nanoparticles are trapped in loosely overdamped optical potential wells created with combined optical and fluidic constraints. It is the first demonstration of separating single nanoparticles with diameters ranging from 60 to 100 nm with a resolution of 10 nm. Nanoparticles vibrate with an amplitude of 3-7 μm in the loosely overdamped potential wells in the microchannel...
June 21, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632500/photon-detection-efficiency-of-laboratory-based-x-ray-phase-contrast-imaging-techniques-for-mammography-a-monte-carlo-study
#8
Somayeh Saghamanesh, Seyed Mohammad Reza Aghamiri, Alireza Kamali-Asl, Wataru Yashiro
An important challenge in real-world biomedical applications of X-ray phase contrast imaging (XPCI) techniques is the efficient use of the photon flux generated by an incoherent and polychromatic X-ray source. This efficiency can directly influence dose and exposure time and ideally should not affect the superior contrast and sensitivity of XPCI. In this paper, we present a quantitative evaluation of the photon detection efficiency of two laboratory-based XPCI methods, grating interferometry (GI) and coded-aperture (CA)...
June 20, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632205/speckle-modulating-optical-coherence-tomography-in-living-mice-and-humans
#9
Orly Liba, Matthew D Lew, Elliott D SoRelle, Rebecca Dutta, Debasish Sen, Darius M Moshfeghi, Steven Chu, Adam de la Zerda
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a powerful biomedical imaging technology that relies on the coherent detection of backscattered light to image tissue morphology in vivo. As a consequence, OCT is susceptible to coherent noise (speckle noise), which imposes significant limitations on its diagnostic capabilities. Here we show speckle-modulating OCT (SM-OCT), a method based purely on light manipulation that virtually eliminates speckle noise originating from a sample. SM-OCT accomplishes this by creating and averaging an unlimited number of scans with uncorrelated speckle patterns without compromising spatial resolution...
June 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630340/enhancing-t1-magnetic-resonance-imaging-contrast-with-internalized-gadolinium-iii-in-a-multilayer-nanoparticle
#10
Valeria S Marangoni, Oara Neumann, Luke Henderson, Caterina C Kaffes, Hui Zhang, Runmin Zhang, Sandra Bishnoi, Ciceron Ayala-Orozco, Valtencir Zucolotto, James A Bankson, Peter Nordlander, Naomi J Halas
Multifunctional nanoparticles for biomedical applications have shown extraordinary potential as contrast agents in various bioimaging modalities, near-IR photothermal therapy, and for light-triggered therapeutic release processes. Over the past several years, numerous studies have been performed to synthesize and enhance MRI contrast with nanoparticles. However, understanding the MRI enhancement mechanism in a multishell nanoparticle geometry, and controlling its properties, remains a challenge. To systematically examine MRI enhancement in a nanoparticle geometry, we have synthesized MRI-active Au nanomatryoshkas...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629057/a-facile-strategy-for-fabrication-of-aggregation-induced-emission-aie-active-fluorescent-polymeric-nanoparticles-fpns-via-post-modification-of-synthetic-polymers-and-their-cell-imaging
#11
Yanzhu Liu, Liucheng Mao, Xinhua Liu, Meiying Liu, Dazhuang Xu, Ruming Jiang, Fengjie Deng, Yongxiu Li, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) active fluorescent polymeric nanoparticles (FPNs) have recently emerged as the promising nanoprobes for biological imaging for their intensive fluorescence, good photostability, desirable biocompatibility and well designability of structure and optical properties. Herein, we proposed a novel strategy for fabrication of AIE-active FPNs through the post modification of synthetic copolymers to form Schiff base. The size, morphology, optical properties and biocompatibility as well as cell uptake behavior were evaluated in detailed...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628325/tuning-optical-signatures-of-single-and-few-layer-mos2-by-blown-bubble-bulge-straining-up-to-fracture
#12
Rui Yang, Jaesung Lee, Souvik Ghosh, Hao Tang, R Mohan Sankaran, Christian A Zorman, Philip X-L Feng
Emerging atomic layer semiconducting crystals such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) are promising candidates for flexible electronics and strain-tunable devices due to their ultrahigh strain limits (up to ~20-30%) and strain-tunable bandgaps. However, high strain levels, controllable isotropic and anisotropic biaxial strains in single- and few-layer MoS2 on device-oriented flexible substrates permitting convenient and fast strain tuning, remain unexplored. Here, we demonstrate a blown-bubble bulge technique for efficiently applying large biaxial strains to atomic layer MoS2 devices on flexible substrate...
June 19, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627498/highly-stable-red-emitting-polymer-dots-for-cellular-imaging
#13
Jipsa Chelora, Jinfeng Zhang, Rui Chen, Hrisheekesh Thachoth Chandran, Chun-Sing Lee
Polymer dots (Pdots) have emerged as a new type of fluorescent probe material for biomedical applications and have attracted great interest due to their excellent optical properties and biocompatability. In this work, we report on a red-emitting P3HT Pdot fluorescent probe for intracellular bioimaging. The as-prepared Pdot fluorescent probe exhibits good stability and has a large Stokes shift (121 nm) compared to molecules in tetrahydrofuran (THF). Furthermore, the probe shows low cytotoxicity, broad absorption spectrum, resistance against photodegradation, and good water dispersibility...
June 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621347/nonlinear-optical-properties-upconversion-and-lasing-in-metal-organic-frameworks
#14
REVIEW
Raghavender Medishetty, Jan K Zaręba, David Mayer, Marek Samoć, Roland A Fischer
The building block modular approach that lies behind coordination polymers (CPs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) results not only in a plethora of materials that can be obtained but also in a vast array of material properties that could be aimed at. Optical properties appear to be particularly predetermined by the character of individual structural units and by the intricate interplay between them. Indeed, the "design principles" shaping the optical properties of these materials seem to be well explored for luminescence and second-harmonic generation (SHG) phenomena; these have been covered in numerous previous reviews...
June 16, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619614/rapid-ex-vivo-examination-of-mohs-specimens-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#15
D Rashed, D Shah, A Freeman, R J Cook, C Hopper, C M Perrett
BACKGROUND: Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is an effective treatment for certain non-melanoma skin cancers. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a biomedical imaging modality that permits high-resolution imaging of the epidermis and dermis with the potential to detect both healthy tissue and tumour. OCT may also provide a means of detecting and differentiating between the various histological subtypes of basal cell carcinomas (BCC) in vivo. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective ex vivo study was to evaluate the efficacy of OCT in recognising healthy and pathological margins of excised BCC lesions and detecting different BCC subtypes...
June 12, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608629/enantioselective-cytotoxicity-of-zns-mn-quantum-dots-in-a549-cells
#16
V A Kuznetsova, A K Visheratina, A Ryan, I V Martynenko, A Loudon, C M Maguire, F Purcell-Milton, A O Orlova, A V Baranov, A V Fedorov, A Prina-Mello, Y Volkov, Y K Gun'Ko
Chirality strongly influences many biological properties of materials, such as cell accumulation, enzymatic activity, and toxicity. In the past decade, it has been shown that quantum dots (QDs), fluorescent semiconductor nanoparticles with unique optical properties, can demonstrate optical activity due to chiral ligands bound on their surface. Optically active QDs could find potential applications in biomedical research, therapy, and diagnostics. Consequently, it is very important to investigate the interaction of QDs capped with chiral ligands with living cells...
June 13, 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603606/synthesis-and-properties-of-magnetic-optical-core-shell-nanoparticles
#17
Elyahb Allie Kwizera, Elise Chaffin, Yongmei Wang, Xiaohua Huang
Due to their high integrity, facile surface chemistry, excellent stability, and dual properties from the core and shell materials, magnetic-plasmonic core-shell nanoparticles are of great interest across a number of science, engineering and biomedical disciplines. They are promising for applications in a broad range of areas including catalysis, energy conversion, biological separation, medical imaging, disease detection and treatment. The technological applications have driven the need for high quality nanoparticles with well controlled magnetic and optical properties...
March 19, 2017: RSC Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599556/acoustic-force-measurements-on-polymer-coated-microbubbles-in-a-microfluidic-device
#18
Gianluca Memoli, Christopher R Fury, Kate O Baxter, Pierre N Gélat, Philip H Jones
This work presents an acoustofluidic device for manipulating coated microbubbles, designed for the simultaneous use of optical and acoustical tweezers. A comprehensive characterization of the acoustic pressure in the device is presented, obtained by the synergic use of different techniques in the range of acoustic frequencies where visual observations showed aggregation of polymer-coated microbubbles. In absence of bubbles, the combined use of laser vibrometry and finite element modelling supported a non-invasive measurement of the acoustic pressure and an enhanced understanding of the system resonances...
May 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599059/a-silicon-nanowire-as-a-spectrally-tunable-light-driven-nanomotor
#19
Jizhuang Wang, Ze Xiong, Xiaojun Zhan, Baohu Dai, Jing Zheng, Jun Liu, Jinyao Tang
Over the last decades, scientists have endeavored to develop nanoscopic machines and envisioned that these tiny machines could be exploited in biomedical applications and novel material fabrication. Here, a visible-/near-infrared light-driven nanomotor based on a single silicon nanowire is reported. The silicon nanomotor harvests energy from light and propels itself by the self-electrophoresis mechanism. Due to the high efficiency, the silicon nanowire can be readily driven by visible and near-infrared illumination at ultralow light intensity (≈3 mW cm(-2) )...
June 9, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597608/advanced-photoacoustic-imaging-applications-of-near-infrared-absorbing-organic-nanoparticles
#20
REVIEW
Yuyan Jiang, Kanyi Pu
Progress of nanotechnology in recent years has stimulated fast development of nanoparticles in biomedical research. Photoacoustic (PA) imaging as an emerging non-invasive technique in molecular imaging has improved imaging depth relative to conventional optical imaging, demonstrating great potential in clinical applications. The convergence of nanotechnology and PA imaging has enabled a broad spectrum of new opportunities in fundamental biology and translation medicine. This review focuses on the recent advances of organic nanoparticles in PA imaging applications...
June 8, 2017: Small
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