Read by QxMD icon Read

calcified ligament

Tahrir N Aldelaimi, Saman W Boskani, Shakhawan M Ali, Payman K Mahmud
Eagle syndrome defined "stylalgia" occurs when an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament causes dysphagia, facial pain recurrent throat pain or foreign body sensation, also associated symptoms such as neck or throat pain with radiation to the ear. The symptoms related to this condition can be confused or miss diagnosis to a wide variety of facial neuralgias. The incidence of Eagle syndrome varies among population. Usually asymptomatic, it occurs in adult patients, can be diagnosed by physical examination and radiologically...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Harsha A Huliyappa, Rakesh Kumar Singh, Sunil Kumar Singh, Manish Jaiswal, Somil Jaiswal, Chhitij Srivastava, Balkrishna Ojha, Anil Chandra, Satnam Chhabra
PURPOSE: Intradural migration of disc (IDMD) is a rare clinical entity accounting for 0.27-0.33% of all herniated disc diseases. Flimsy or dense adhesion between the ventral dural surface and the opposing posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) is the principal pathology for intradural migrated disc. The most commonly affected lumbar segments are L4-5 (55%), L3-4 (16%), L5-S1 (10%) and less commonly L2L3 and L1L2. No imaging feature is characteristic and the management protocol of durotomy via an endoscopic method is unclear...
December 15, 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
I P Mikhailov, G A Isaev, L S Kokov, I M Gol'dina
AIM: The study was aimed at assessing efficacy of using the "MultiTASK" device manufactured by the Le Maitre Company while performing extended endarterectomy from iliac arteries in patients presenting with multilevel atherosclerotic lesions of the arterial bed and chronic ischaemia of lower extremities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analysed the outcomes of surgical management of a total of 37 patients presenting with multilevel atherosclerotic lesions of the common and external iliac arteries and arteries below the inguinal ligament over the period from 2012 to 2015 at the Department of Emergency Vascular Surgery of the Scientific Research Institute of Emergency Ambulance Care named after N...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Elçin Aydin, Hüseyin Quliyev, Celal Çinar, Halil Bozkaya, İsmail Oran
AIM: Eagle syndrome is a rare entity that causes recurrent throat pain, neck pain, dysphagia, or facial pain by elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. Clinical findings related to the lower cranial nerves compression have also been reported. In some cases it is reported that carotid artery compression or dissection can be seen due to elongated styloid process and it is called carotid artery syndrome. Carotid artery compression causes flow reduction and carotidynia or neurological symptoms can be seen...
October 14, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Kamil Gruntmejer, Dorota Konietzko-Meier, Adam Bodzioch
In this study, 21 skull bones of Metoposaurus krasiejowensis from the Late Triassic of Poland were investigated histologically. Dermal bones show a diploë structure, with an ornamented external surface. The ridges consist of mostly well vascularized parallel-fibered bone; the valleys are built of an avascular layer of lamellar bone. The thick middle region consists of cancellous bone, with varying porosity. The thin and less vascularized internal cortex consists of parallel-fibered bone. The numerous Sharpey's fibers and ISF are present in all bones...
2016: PeerJ
Jeffrey D Hooker, David A Joyner, Edward P Farley, Majid Khan
Eagle syndrome is a rare condition resulting from elongation of the temporal styloid process or calcification of its associated stylohyoid ligaments. Although usually presenting with pain or odynophagia, Eagle syndrome has been reported to cause a multitude of neurologic symptoms or vascular complications, some of which can be life-threatening. We present a case in which an endovascularly placed internal carotid artery stent in close proximity to a calcified stylohyoid ligament resulted in stent fracture with subsequent stent and vessel occlusion...
June 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Subrata Pal, Sajeeb Mondal, Palash Kr Mondal, Gargi Raychaudhuri, Rajashree Pradhan, Suparna Banerjee
Calcified broad ligament leiomyoma is a rare benign lesion in postmenopausal age group. It causes diagnostic confusion with solid calcified adnexal mass and large bladder calculi at the pelvic region. Clinical and radiological diagnoses were confirmed by histopathology of the hysterectomy specimen. We hereby present a case of heavily calcified broad ligament fibroid in a postmenopausal woman.
July 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
Pravin Salunke, Apinderpreet Singh, Arsikere N Deepak
BACKGROUND: Resection of heavily calcified craniopharyngioma is quite challenging. The stretched optic nerves, perforators, and stalk are likely to be jeopardized further during attempts to break the calcified chunks, especially through narrow corridors. We describe a surgical technique to mobilize bilateral optic nerves and drill the calcified chunk to crumple it. METHODS: This technique was used in 6 patients with heavily calcified craniopharyngiomas (2 recurrent) who had presented with progressive visual loss...
November 2016: World Neurosurgery
Y D Guo, S Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of erbium:yttrium aluminium garnet (Er:YAG)laser irradiation on pulp and formation of dentin bridge. The beagle dogs' coronal pulp is amputated by Er:YAG laser. METHODS: In the study, 24 premolar teeth of two one-year-old Beagle dogs were used. They were divided into 3 groups: bur group, 200 mJ laser group,100 mJ laser group. The coronal pulp were removed by traditional bur or 200 mJ/20 Hz or 100 mJ/20 Hz Er:YAG laser. Then, they were dressed with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and sealed with resin...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Tadao Morino, Tadanori Ogata, Hideki Horiuchi, Shintaro Yamaoka, Mitsumasa Fukuda, Hiromasa Miura
BACKGROUND: We report 8 years of follow-up after decompression to treat cervical myelopathy in a patient with Coffin-Lowry syndrome (CLS). CLS is a rare X-linked semidominant syndrome associated with growth and psychomotor retardation, general hypotonia, and skeletal abnormalities. In this patient, the spinal cord was compressed by calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition in the cervical yellow ligament (YL). To date, only 1 report has described clinical features after surgery for calcified cervical YL in CLS...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mélanie L Beaulieu, Grace E Carey, Stephen H Schlecht, Edward M Wojtys, James A Ashton-Miller
BACKGROUND: Most ruptures of the native anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and ACL graft occur at, or near, the femoral enthesis, with the posterolateral fibers of the native ligament being especially vulnerable during pivot landings. Characterizing the anatomy of the ACL femoral enthesis may help us explain injury patterns which, in turn, could help guide injury prevention efforts. It may also lead to improved anatomic reconstruction techniques given that the goal of such techniques is to replicate the knee's normal anatomy...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Yama Kamawal, Andre F Steinert, Boris M Holzapfel, Maximilian Rudert, Thomas Barthel
BACKGROUND: Calcification of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the knee is a very rare disease. We report on a case of a patient with a calcifying lesion within the MCL and simultaneous calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff in both shoulders. CASE PRESENTATION: Calcification of the MCL was diagnosed both via x-ray and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and was successfully treated surgically. Calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff was successfully treated applying conservative methods...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Jeffrey M Resnick, Brett Carmichael, Audra Winder, Kathleen M Dominguez
Presented is a case of a hepatic calcified mass complicating umbilical vein catheterization in a neonate and diagnosed by wedge biopsy. Wedge biopsy of the hepatic mass, situated in proximity to the falciform ligament, revealed expansion of portal tracts by fibrosis and calcification. Some aggregates of calcified material appeared in ectatic vascular spaces. The biopsy findings accounted for the radiographic appearance of the mass, and the constellation of features were deemed indicative of calcification secondary to umbilical vein catheterization...
July 6, 2016: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
Shahla Chaichian, Abolfazl Mehdizadehkashi, Kobra Tahermanesh, Bahram Moazzami, Fatemeh Jesmi, Moezedinjavad Rafiee, Katayoun Goharimoghaddam
INTRODUCTION: Leiomyosarcoma is a rare gynecologic malignancy that accounts for less than 1% of gynecological malignancies. Leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament is an even rarer condition. According to Gardner's criteria, the diagnosis is made when the mass is completely separated from the uterus and adnexa. So far, 23 cases of primary leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament have been reported in the literature published in English. CASE PRESENTATION: In September 2014, a 55-year-old, gravida 3, para 3 woman with a BMI of 30 and a chief complaint of fever and dizziness was admitted to the infectious-diseases ward of the Pars general hospital affiliated with Iran University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran...
April 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Tom Shearer, Robert S Bradley, L Araida Hidalgo-Bastida, Michael J Sherratt, Sarah H Cartmell
Whereas the two-dimensional (2D) visualisation of biological samples is routine, three-dimensional (3D) imaging remains a time-consuming and relatively specialised pursuit. Current commonly adopted techniques for characterising the 3D structure of non-calcified tissues and biomaterials include optical and electron microscopy of serial sections and sectioned block faces, and the visualisation of intact samples by confocal microscopy or electron tomography. As an alternative to these approaches, X-ray computed micro-tomography (microCT) can both rapidly image the internal 3D structure of macroscopic volumes at sub-micron resolutions and visualise dynamic changes in living tissues at a microsecond scale...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
Takashi Kobayashi, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Toshiki Abe, Eiji Abe, Kazuma Kikuchi, Hideaki Noguchi, Norikazu Konno, Yoichi Shimada
BACKGROUND: Calcification of the yellow ligament sometimes compresses the spinal cord and can induce myelopathy. Usually, the calcification does not induce acute neck pain. We report a case of a patient with acute neck pain caused by calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate in a calcified cervical yellow ligament. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Japanese woman presented with acute neck pain. She had a moderately high fever (37.5 °C), and her neck pain was so severe that she could not move her neck in any direction...
May 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
S Yamada, N Ozaki, K Tsushima, S Yamaba, C Fujihara, T Awata, H Sakashita, T Kajikawa, J Kitagaki, M Yamashita, M Yanagita, S Murakami
Periodontal ligaments (PDLs) play an important role in remodeling the alveolar bond and cementum. Characterization of the periodontal tissue transcriptome remains incomplete, and an improved understanding of PDL features could aid in developing new regenerative therapies. Here, we aimed to generate and analyze a large human PDL transcriptome. We obtained PDLs from orthodontic treatment patients, isolated the RNA, and used a vector-capping method to make a complementary DNA library from >20,000 clones. Our results revealed that 58% of the sequences were full length...
August 2016: Journal of Dental Research
Wu Yan, Deng Chao, Yang Kun, Cui Xiaoxia, Liu Qi, Jin Yan
OBJECTIVE: The effect of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on the osteogenic differentiation of humanperiodontal ligament stem cells(hPDLSCs) was discussed. Changes in the Wnt signaling pathway during glycation were also determined. METHODS: In vitro tissue explanting method was primarily applied. Limiting diluted clone was cultured to obtain hPDLSCs in vitro. The subjects were divided into two groups: the healthy group (N-hPDLSCs) and the AGEs-stimulating group (A-hPDLSCs)...
December 2015: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Alan C Seifert, Felix W Wehrli
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays a pivotal role for assessment of the musculoskeletal system. It is currently the clinical modality of choice for evaluation of soft tissues including cartilage, ligaments, tendons, muscle, and bone marrow. By comparison, the study of calcified tissue by MRI is still in its infancy. In this article, we review the potential of the modality for assessment of cortical bone properties known to be affected in degenerative bone disease, with focus on parameters related to matrix and mineral densities, and porosity, by means of emerging solid-state (1)H and (31)P MRI techniques...
June 2016: Current Osteoporosis Reports
Karla Vidal, Gabriela Martin, Oscar Lozano, Marco Salas, Jaime Trigueros, Gabriel Aguilar
Materials such as calcium hydroxide paste and mineral trioxide aggregate are used in apexification treatment of immature permanent teeth, but the search for improved materials with higher characteristics of biocompatibility results in different materials. Biodentine is a tricalcium silicate cement that possesses adequate handling characteristics and acceptable mechanical and bioactivity properties. This report describes the case of a 9-year-old boy who was referred to the Department of Dental Clinic of Querétaro Autonomous University of Mexico...
May 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"