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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914156/-intratechal-chemotherapy-treatment-through-an-ommaya-reservoir-catheter-for-meningeal-carcinomatosis-a-single-centre-experience
#1
José Pedro Lavrador, Nuno Simas, Edson Oliveira, Manuel Herculano Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: Meningeal carcinomatosis is defined as tumour cells infiltration of leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. It is normally related with poor survival (2 - 5 months). The best multidisciplinary treatment for this condition is a matter of discussion. Patient's condition and the natural history of the disease should be considered in the decision making process. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of patients submitted to Ommaya Reservoir placement due to systemic solid tumour meningeal carcinomatosis between 2006 and 2014...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912972/fate-of-males-with-urethral-y-duplication-40-year-long-follow-up-in-8-patients
#2
Mario Lima, Francesca Destro, Neil Di Salvo, Tommaso Gargano, Giovanni Ruggeri
PURPOSE: The spectrum of male urethral duplication is heterogeneous and it includes the Y-duplication. The malformation is rare and there is only a few case series reported in the literature. The management of Y-forms remains challenging for the surgeon and the long-term follow-up is still scarcely investigated. We report our 40-year experience in the management of patients with Y-duplication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a restrospective analysis collecting information of patients with urethral Y-duplication treated at our department from April 1975 to April 2015...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909624/for-reliable-urine-cultures-in-the-detection-of-complicated-urinary-tract-infection-do-we-use-urine-specimens-obtained-with-urethral-catheter-or-a-nephrostomy-tube
#3
Gülay Dede, Özcan Deveci, Onur Dede, Mazhar Utanğac, Mansur Dağgulli, Necmettin Penbegül, Namık Kemal Hatipoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the results of urine cultures obtained either from urethral, and percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) catheters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 328 consecutive patients that underwent PCN at our institution with complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) between July 2010 and April 2015. Results of urine cultures obtained from the urethral and nephrostomy catheters were compared. RESULTS: This study included 152 male and 176 female patients...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907976/are-complications-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-surgery-procedures-associated-with-the-position-of-the-sling
#4
Jacek Kociszewski, George Fabian, Susanne Grothey, Andrzej Kuszka, Aneta Zwierzchowska, Wojciech Majkusiak, Ewa Barcz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the sling position is associated with particular types of complications in patients undergoing suburethral sling placement for stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Data from 100 women diagnosed at the Evangelical Hospital Hagen-Haspe with complications after suburethral sling insertion were analyzed. All patients underwent pelvic floor ultrasound to assess: urethral length, sling location in relation to the urethral length (%) and the sling distance to the longitudinal smooth muscle complex of the urethra (the sling-longitudinal smooth muscle distance)...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903467/arterio-cutaneous-fistula-associated-with-bilateral-femoral-pseudoaneurysms-caused-by-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-apropos-of-a-case-and-review-of-literature
#5
Álvaro Torres-Blanco, Francisco Gómez-Palonés, Gemma Edo-Fleta
Vascular complications of intravesical instillation of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) are rare. BCG is an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis (M. Bovis) that was initially developed for vaccination against tuberculosis, but it has also been used as an adjuvant treatment for bladder transitional carcinoma. We report a patient with a history of instillation of BCG two years before, who underwent surgical treatment of 2 pseudoaneurysms. The first, located in the left superficial femoral artery (SFA), was resected and the artery was ligated because he had a history of femoropopliteal occlusion...
November 26, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900222/surgical-outcomes-and-complications-of-tube%C3%A2-promedon-malleable-penile-prostheses-in-diabetic-versus-non-diabetic-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction
#6
Elnisr Rashed Mohamed, Ahmed Rashed Hammady, Mohamed Zaki Eldahshoury, Ahmed Mamdouh Elsharkawi, Ahmed Mahmoud Riad, Hazem Mohamed Elmogazy, Mohamed Mostafa Hussien, Wael Mohamed Gamal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate surgical outcome, complications, and patients satisfaction with the Tube® (Promedon, Cordoba, Argentina) malleable penile prosthesis in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with refractory erectile dysfunction (ED). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of 128 eligible patients who received Tube malleable penile prostheses at our institute between September 2008 and October 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 128 patients, who received Tube penile prostheses at our institute, 53 were diabetics and 75 were non-diabetics...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896143/new-avenues-for-reducing-intensive-care-needs-in-patients-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#7
EDITORIAL
Pierre A Guertin
Relatively soon after their accident, patients suffering a spinal cord injury (SCI) begin generally experiencing the development of significant, often life-threatening secondary complications. Many of which are associated with chronic physical inactivity-related immune function problems and increasing susceptibility to infection that repeatedly requires intensive care treatment. Therapies capable of repairing the spinal cord or restoring ambulation would normally prevent many of these problems but, as of now, there is no cure for SCI...
November 4, 2016: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895447/intrauterine-device-migration-to-the-urinary-bladder-causing-sexual-dysfunction-a-case-report
#8
K Dimitropoulos, K Skriapas, G Karvounis, V Tzortzis
BACKGROUND: Intravesical migration represents an uncommon complication of intrauterine device (IUD) insertion. We present the case of an IUD that migrated to the urinary bladder, causing significant sexual complaints. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old woman presented with complaints of gradually evolving dyspareunia and recurrent urinary tract infections during the past 12 months. She reported an IUD insertion 18 months before. Further detailed evaluation revealed disorders in all sexual domains...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893591/endophthalmitis-in-a-patient-treated-with-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-immunotherapy
#9
Julie Vadboncoeur, Sébastien Olivier, Hafid Soualhine, Annie-Claude Labbé, Marie-Lyne Bélair
BACKGROUND: Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) instillation has become one of the mainstays of adjunctive therapy in the treatment of superficial bladder cancer. Ophthalmologic complications are rare, but few cases are reported in the literature. METHODS: Retrospective observational case report. RESULTS: The authors report a case of unilateral Mycobacterium bovis BCG endophthalmitis after intravesical BCG instillations. Despite appropriate systemic antituberculous and corticosteroid therapy, the patient almost completely lost sight in the affected eye...
November 23, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891414/paediatric-urinary-tract-infection-a-hospital-based-experience
#10
Khursheed Ahmed Wani, Mohd Ashraf, Javaid Ahmed Bhat, Nazir Ahmed Parry, Lubna Shaheen, Sartaj Ali Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the commonly encountered entities by paediatricians. Studies have shown easy vulnerability of paediatric urinary tract in any acute febrile illness and a miss in diagnosis could have long term consequences like renal scaring with its adverse effects. Bearing these evidence based preludes in view we designed our study to know the prevalence of UTI in Kashmir province. AIM: Aim of the present study was to know the prevalence of UTI in febrile children and to know the sensitivity of different imaging modalities like Renal and Urinary Bladder Ultrasonography (RUS), Voiding Cystourethrography (VCUG) and Dimercaptosuccinic Acid (DMSA) scan in diagnosing UTI...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889591/adverse-events-and-treatment-discontinuations-of-antimuscarinics-for-the-treatment-of-overactive-bladder-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Scott Martin Vouri, Clark D Kebodeaux, Paul M Stranges, Besu F Teshome
INTRODUCTION: Antimuscarinics should be used with caution in older adults with overactive bladder (OAB) due to anticholinergic adverse events (AEs). Systematic reviews and meta-analyses (SRMAs) have analyzed safety-related outcomes but have not specified risk in the elderly, the population at highest risk for AEs. The aim of this review is to explore and evaluate AEs and treatment discontinuations in adults 65 or older taking antimuscarinics for OAB. METHODS: Keywords were searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials...
November 14, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887914/practical-and-functional-classification-of-the-double-urethra-a-variable-complex-and-fascinating-malformation-observed-in-20-patients
#12
M Lima, F Destro, M Maffi, D Persichetti Proietti, G Ruggeri
INTRODUCTION: Urethral duplication is a rare and variable malformation of the urinary tract, with non-univocal and complex management. In addition, different classification schemes have been proposed, but none have considered all the possible variants. OBJECTIVE: To report experience with the management of 20 urethral duplication patients and propose a classification of this anomaly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis collecting information regarding 20 patients (Table) with urethral duplication treated at a single institution over the past 40 years...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885463/molecular-and-morphological-descriptions-of-ceratomyxa-collarae-n-sp-and-ceratomyxa-leucosternoni-n-sp-from-marine-ornamental-fishes-of-indian-waters
#13
N K Sanil, Archana Chandran, P Shamal, C P Binesh
Two novel species of Ceratomyxa infecting marine ornamental fishes from Indian waters are described. Marine ornamentals, Chaetodon collare and Chaetodon decussatus, collected from Vizhinjam, along the southwest coast of India and Acanthurus leucosternon collected from Lakshadweep islands of Arabian Sea revealed Ceratomyxa infections in their gall bladders. Mature spores of Ceratomyxa from Chaetodon collare and Chaetodon decussatus were elongate and slightly crescentic, with rounded ends, and measured 5.20 ± 0...
November 24, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878110/discontinuation-of-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-ap-in-children-with-spina-bifida-a-case-series-analysis
#14
Kevin G Couloures, Michael Anderson, Michael Machiorlatti, Olivera Marsenic, Lawrence Opas
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida increases the risk for urinary tract infections (UTI). Antimicrobial prophylaxis (AP) reduces symptomatic UTI's but selects resistant organisms. Measures to ensure regular and complete emptying of the bladder combined with treatment of constipation reduce the risk for UTI. OBJECTIVES: Demonstrate that close adherence to a catheterization regimen in children with spina bifida (Selective Treatment - ST) reduces the need for antimicrobial prophylaxis...
September 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876925/therapeutic-effect-of-arctium-lappa-in-schistosoma-haematobium-associated-kidney-disturbance-biochemical-and-molecular-effects
#15
Khaled M M Koriem, Zulzamri H Idris, Hasniza F Haron, Nurulhuda A Omar, Halita S Lazain
Schistosoma haematobium (S. haematobium) infection has been found to be strongly associated with bladder cancer, which necessitates for discover of a natural new therapeutic agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of Arctium lappa seed extract in S. haematobium associated kidney disturbance. Forty male albino mice were used and divided into four equal groups; group 1 control includes non-infected healthy mice, groups 2, 3 and 4 subcutaneous infected with S. haematobium cercariae...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876405/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-williams-beuren-syndrome
#16
Z M Sammour, J de Bessa, M Hisano, H Bruschini, C A Kim, M Srougi, C M Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a genetic condition caused by a microscopic deletion in the chromosome band 7q11.23. Individuals with WBS may present with congenital cardiovascular defects, neurodevelopmental disturbances and structural abnormalities of the urinary tract. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) seem to be frequent in this population, but studies on this topic are scarce and based on small case series. OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and the acquisition of bladder control in a large population with WBS...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876076/bladder-outlet-obstruction-a-rare-complication-of-the-neglected-schistosome-schistosoma-haematobium-two-case-reports-and-public-health-challenges
#17
Valirie Ndip Agbor, Tsi Njim, Franklin Ngu Mbolingong
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a severe parasitic infestation with debilitating complications and is the third most devastating tropical disease in the world. It is one of the neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) with a high disease-burden. We present two rare cases of bladder outlet obstruction: one which led to a chronic kidney disease and ultimately death and a second which recovered after treatment with praziquantel. CASE PRESENTATIONS: A 72 year old male presented with lower urinary tract symptoms which culminated in an episode of acute urinary retention...
November 22, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871826/eroded-tape-the-case-for-an-early-vesicoscopy-rather-than-laser-melting
#18
Philippe Grange, Chryssanthos Kouriefs, Fanourios Georgiades, Stavros Charalambous, Dudley Robinson, Linda Cardozo
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience on vesicoscopic excision of eroded foreign material in the bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The use of xenografts in female urology is becoming more prevalent and so are their complications. Erosion of foreign material into the bladder often goes unrecognized for a long time and patients are troubled by irritative urinary symptoms, recurrent infections and stone formation. The treatment of such erosions is traditionally reported through the transurethral route using LASER or electrocautery to cut the foreign material...
November 18, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869492/risk-factors-for-development-of-primary-bladder-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#19
K V Manley, R Hubbard, D Swallow, W Finch, S J Wood, S M Biers
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of risk factors for primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the bladder. MATERIALS A total of 90 cases of primary SCC of the bladder were identified through multicentre analysis. Patient demographics, stage and grade of cancer at presentation, management and outcomes were recorded. The presence of known risk factors (catheter use, neuropathic bladder, smoking history, recurrent urinary tract infection and bladder stones) was also documented...
November 21, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868099/endourologic-and-open-ureterolithotomy-and-common-sheath-reimplant-for-large-bladder-and-distal-ureteral-calculi
#20
Madeline Cancian, Joseph Brito, Joseph Renzulli, Gyan Pareek
A twenty-eight-year-old female with a history of suprapubic pain and recurrent urinary tract infections presents for urology referral with a kidney, ureter, and bladder radiograph showing a 4.4 cm bladder calculus and 6.5 cm distal left ureteral stone. She underwent effective cystolitholapaxy of the bladder stone. Endourologic attempt (left ureteroscopy) was unsuccessful because of ureteral stone burden. Findings at ureteroscopy revealed a duplicated system on the left with the lower pole moiety joining just proximal to the ureteral orifice...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
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