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bladder infection

Duncan R Morhardt, Miriam Hadj-Moussa, He Chang, J Stuart Wolf, William W Roberts, John T Stoffel, Gary J Faerber, Anne P Cameron
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of clinical factors on outcomes in SCI patients undergoing ureteroscopy. Immobility, recurrent urinary tract infection, and lower urinary tract dysfunction contribute to renal stone formation in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. Ureteroscopy is a commonly utilized treatment modality, however, surgical complication rates and outcomes have been poorly defined. Evidence guiding safe and effective treatment of stones in this cohort remains scarce. METHODS: Records were retrospectively reviewed for SCI patients who underwent ureteroscopy for kidney stones from 1996-2014 at a single institution...
March 12, 2018: Urology
K S Yang, C S Ho, P A Tai, W M Kung
Most lumbar intradural schwannomas present initially as radiculopathies with sensory disturbances. However, neurogenic bladder dysfunction may be one of the earliest manifestations and can cause long-term disability. We present the case of a patient with a L3-4 schwannoma (newly diagnosed owing to recurrent urinary retention and urinary tract infection) who finally underwent surgical resection. Improvement of bladder sensation was documented by urodynamic study and the patient was subsequently weaned off her Foley catheter with satisfactory outcome...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Muhammad Shahid, Nicole Gull, Austin Yeon, Eunho Cho, Jooeun Bae, Hyun Seok Yoon, Sungyong You, Hana Yoon, Minjung Kim, Benjamin P Berman, Jayoung Kim
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic urinary tract disease that is characterized by unpleasant sensations, such as persistent pelvic pain, in the absence of infection or other identifiable causes. We previously performed comprehensive metabolomics profiling of urine samples from IC patients using nuclear magnetic resonance and gas-chromatography/mass spectrometry and found that urinary α-oxoglutarate (α-OG), was significantly elevated. α-OG, a tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle intermediate, reportedly functions to suppress the proliferation of immortalized normal human bladder epithelial cells...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Danilo Italo Pio Buca, Marco Liberati, Eleonora Falò, Martina Leombroni, Maria Di Giminiani, Marta Di Nicola, Alessandro Santarelli, Franco Frondaroli, Francesco Fanfani
Female pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common condition and the correction of prolapse remains a major challenge for the surgical community. A retrospective study of women with POP undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery with the Elevate System followed-up for 48 months. A total of 138 women with POP were included in the study. We observed an objective cure rate of 94.9% for the anterior wall after 4 years' follow-up. The subjective cure rate was 97.1%. Improvement in the urinary symptoms was seen after the surgery: the number of asymptomatic patients increased from 14...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ashish Singh, Abhimanyu Kapoor, Rajneesh Kumar Singh, Anand Prakash, Anu Behari, Ashok Kumar, Vinay Kumar Kapoor, Rajan Saxena
Backgrounds/Aims: A residual gallbladder (RGB) following a partial/subtotal cholecystectomy may cause symptoms that require its removal. We present our large study regarding the problem of a RGB over a 15 year period. Methods: This study involved a retrospective analysis of patients managed for symptomatic RGB from January 2000 to December 2015. Results: A RGB was observed in 93 patients, who had a median age of 45 (25-70) years, and were comprised of 69 (74...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Catherine S Forster, Elizabeth Jackson, Qing Ma, Michael Bennett, Samir S Shah, Stuart L Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing between urinary tract infection (UTI) and colonization (UTC) in patients with neurogenic bladders who require clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is difficult. Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin concentrations (uNGAL) are increased in UTIs. Our objective was to determine the predictive accuracy of uNGAL for UTI in CIC-dependent children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of CIC-dependent patients from August, 2015 to November, 2016...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Ehsan Choubini, Mehri Habibi, Ahmad Khorshidi, Amir Ghasemi, Mohammad Reza Asadi Karam, Saeid Bouzari
Proteus mirabilis is a common pathogen in urinary tract infections (UTIs). There is no vaccine against P. mirabilis, thus a novel multi-peptide vaccine of MrpA, UcaA and Pta factors of P. mirabilis we designed and a mice model was used to evaluate its efficacy in combination with AddaVax adjuvant. According to the bioinformatics studies, 7 fragments of MrpA (31-75, 112-146), UcaA (68-117, 132-156) and Pta (210-265, 340-400, 496-570) with B and T cell epitope regions were selected for fusion construction. Mice subcutaneously vaccinated with the fusion MrpA...
March 8, 2018: Molecular Immunology
Aliseydi Bozkurt, Harun Budak, Huseyin Serkan Erol, Serpil Can, Tolga Mercantepe, Yigit Akin, Isa Ozbey, Murat Cankaya, Mesut Bunyamin Halici, T Abdulkadir Coban
Cystitis is defined as an inflammation of the bladder caused by a bacterial infection, and it can be dangerous and painful when it spreads through the internal organs. In this study, antioxidant effects of hydroxylfasudil (HF) at the enzymatic and molecular level on kidney and liver tissues in cystitis rat model, which is caused by inflammation of the rat bladder with a protamine sulphate (PS), was examined. Quantitative changes of reduced glutathione (GSH) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) levels, which are a marker for oxidative stress, were determined in rat kidney and liver tissues for each groups...
March 9, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Cristiano Linck Pazeto, Fábio José Nascimento, Lucila Heloisa Simardi Santiago, Sidney Glina
CONTEXT: Polyacrylate-polyalcohol copolymer is a synthetic product, non-biodegradable, with low rate of therapeutic failure and lower incidence of reactions at the site of injection, when compared to biodegradable agents. We report an unprecedent, exuberant and persistent inflammatory reaction following injection of that substance. PATIENT: A 17 years-old patient with vesico-ureteral reflux and complete pyelocaliceal right duplication was submitted to treatment with polyacrylate-polyalcohol copolymer (STING technique)...
March 9, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Christopher E Bayne, Dannah Farah, Katherine W Herbst, Michael H Hsieh
PURPOSE: We sought to examine the literature reporting the effect of urinary tract infection (UTI) on non-schistosomiasis-related UBC (UBCNS ) through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A predefined study protocol was developed according to PRISMA. Medline and Scopus were searched for all studies investigating exposure to UTI with UBCNS as the primary outcome. Potential studies were screened against eligibility criteria. Clinical heterogeneity was assessed and groups with more than two studies were evaluated by random effect meta-analysis...
March 8, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Cyrille Guillot-Tantay, Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler, Marie-Aimée Perrouin-Verbe, Pierre Denys, Priscilla Léon, Véronique Phé
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To report the long-term complications of non-continent cutaneous urinary diversion (NCCUD) in adult patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Hospital in Paris, France. METHODS: A retrospective single center study included all adult patients with SCI who underwent an ileal conduit between 1997 and 2014. Early complications were reported according to Clavien-Dindo classification...
March 7, 2018: Spinal Cord
Mehmet Sarıer, İbrahim Duman, Meltem Demir, Yücel Yüksel, Mestan Emek, Erdal Kukul
Objective: In the early period after renal transplantation, urinary retention stemming from bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) may directly affect graft success. The aim of this study was to evaluate the early and long-term outcomes of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and transurethral incision of prostate (TUIP) procedures performed in the first month following RT due to BOO. Material and methods: Between February 2009 and March 2016, 38 male patients underwent TURP/TUIP due to BOO within the first 30 days of renal transplantation...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Eylem Kuday Kaykisiz, Murat Baki Yildirim, Emrah Dadali, Hüseyin Kaykisiz, Erden Erol Ünlüer
The differential diagnosis of anuria in emergency department (ED) is broad. Secondary to intraabdominal mass pressure or infections, symptoms of micturation difficulties or disuria accompanying to back pain may arise with the interruption of sacral nerve stimulation. Here, we report a patient who admitted to ED with back pain and anuria and diagnosed acute appendicitis (AA) after advanced investigation despite of not to have any abdominal pain. A 36-year-old man admitted to our ED with a 6-h history of back pain and urination difficulty...
February 28, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Caitlin N Spaulding, Roger D Klein, Henry L Schreiber, James W Janetka, Scott J Hultgren
The emergence of drug-resistant pathogens has led to a decline in the efficacy of traditional antimicrobial therapy. The rise in resistance has been driven by widespread use, and in some cases misuse, of antibacterial agents in treating a variety of infections. A growing body of research has begun to elucidate the harmful effects of broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy on the beneficial host microbiota. To combat these threats, increasing effort is being directed toward the development of precision antimicrobial therapeutics that target key virulence determinants of specific pathogens while leaving the remainder of the host microbiota undisturbed...
2018: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
Vasilios Kalas, Michael E Hibbing, Amarendar Reddy Maddirala, Ryan Chugani, Jerome S Pinkner, Laurel K Mydock-McGrane, Matt S Conover, James W Janetka, Scott J Hultgren
Treatment of bacterial infections is becoming a serious clinical challenge due to the global dissemination of multidrug antibiotic resistance, necessitating the search for alternative treatments to disarm the virulence mechanisms underlying these infections. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) employs multiple chaperone-usher pathway pili tipped with adhesins with diverse receptor specificities to colonize various host tissues and habitats. For example, UPEC F9 pili specifically bind galactose or N -acetylgalactosamine epitopes on the kidney and inflamed bladder...
March 5, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Brittani Jones, Allyson C Berent, Chick W Weisse, Robert Hart, Leilani Alvarez, Anthony Fischetti, B David Horn, Douglas Canning
CASE DESCRIPTION A 14-week-old 7.7-kg (16.9-lb) sexually intact female Golden Retriever was evaluated because of urine dripping from the caudoventral aspect of the abdomen. CLINICAL FINDINGS Ultrasonography, radiography, excretory CT urography, and vaginocystourethroscopy were performed. Results indicated eversion of the bladder through the ventral abdominal wall with exposure of the ureterovesicular junctions, pubic diastasis, and an open vulva and clitoral fossa. Clinical findings were suggestive of bladder exstrophy, a rare congenital anomaly...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Brandon Haugen, Shannon E Karinshak, Victoria H Mann, Anastas Popratiloff, Alex Loukas, Paul J Brindley, Michael J Smout
The liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini is a food-borne, zoonotic pathogen endemic to Thailand and adjacent countries in Southeast Asia. The adult developmental stage of the O. viverrini parasite excretes and secretes numerous proteins within the biliary tract including the gall bladder. Lesions caused by the feeding activities of the liver fluke represent wounds that undergo protracted cycles of healing and re-injury during chronic infection, which can last for decades. Components of the excretory/secretory (ES) complement released by the worms capably drive proliferation of bile duct epithelial cells and are implicated in establishing the oncogenic milieu that leads to bile duct cancer, cholangiocarcinoma...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Haibiao Xie, Hengji Zhan, Qunjun Gao, Jianfa Li, Qun Zhou, Zhicong Chen, Yuhan Liu, Mengting Ding, Huizhong Xiao, Yuchen Liu, Weiren Huang, Zhiming Cai
Both oncogenic transcription factors (TFs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in human cancers, acting as transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulators, respectively. These phenomena raise questions about the ability of an artificial device to simultaneously regulate miRNAs and TFs. In this study, we aimed to construct artificial long non-coding RNAs, "alncRNAs", and to investigate their therapeutic effects on bladder cancer cell lines. Based on engineering principles of synthetic biology, we combined tandem arrayed aptamer cDNA sequences for TFs with tandem arrayed cDNA copies of binding sites for the miRNAs to construct alncRNAs...
March 1, 2018: Cancer Letters
Yhojan Rodríguez, Manuel Rojas, Carolina Ramírez-Santana, Yeny Acosta-Ampudia, Diana M Monsalve, Juan-Manuel Anaya
PURPOSE: To determine if autonomic symptoms are associated with previous Zika virus infection. METHODS: Case-control study including 35 patients with Zika virus infection without evidence of neurological disease and 105 controls. Symptoms of autonomic dysfunction were assessed with the composite autonomic symptom scale 31 (COMPASS-31). RESULTS: Patients with previous Zika virus infection had significantly higher COMPASS-31 score than controls regardless of age and sex (p = 0...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
S Sarshar, J Sendker, X Qin, F M Goycoolea, M R Asadi Karam, M Habibi, S Bouzari, U Dobrindt, A Hensel
Fruits from Apium graveolens (Celery) are used traditionally in Persian and European medicine for the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections. No data are available on A. graveolens extract on the interplay between uropathogenic E. coli and the eukaryotic host cells and on quorum sensing of the bacteria. The present study aimed to characterize an antiadhesive and anti quorum sensing effect of a characterized A. graveolens extract by specific in vitro assays and to correlate these effects with in vivo data obtained by an animal infection model...
February 26, 2018: Fitoterapia
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