Read by QxMD icon Read

foot fungus

Francisca Hernández-Hernández, Jaime Vargas-Arzola, Oliver Pedro Ríos-Cruz, Erika Córdova-Martínez, Patricia Manzano-Gayosso, Aristeo Segura-Salvador
Chromoblastomycosis is a chronic infection, caused by pigmented fungi affecting skin and subcutaneous tissues characterized by verrucous nodules or plaques. Fonsecaea pedrosoi and Cladophialophora carrionii are the prevalent agents in the endemic areas. Phoma is an uncommon agent of human infection and involved mainly with phaeohyphomycosis cases. The case of a patient with a history of laceration in foot followed by verrucous aspect and scaly lesions, which had evolved for 27 years is presented. On physical examination disease was clinically compatible with chromoblastomycosis and the microscopic examination of scales showed fumagoid cells...
October 7, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Ji-Xin Li, Qi-Ji Li, Yi-Fu Guan, Xun Song, Ya-Hua Liu, Jing-Jie Zhang, Wan-Fei Li, Jiang Du, Min Zhu, Jeffrey A Banas, Xiao-Nian Li, Lu-Tai Pan, Hong-Jie Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Leigong Mountain is an area in the Southwest of China where there is a high incidence rate of athlete's foot, but the Miao people, a Chinese minority who reside in this mountainous area have suffered less from this disease due to their use of the herbal medicine Isodon flavidus (Hand.-Mazz.) H. Hara. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study is to identify the active chemical constituents responsible for antifungal effects of the folk medicine plant...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Marwan M Azar, Maricar F Malinis
Histoplasmosis, caused by the dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum, is a disease of protean manifestations and of global distribution. Although increasingly reported in Asia, there are few reports from the Philippines. Here, we describe a case of microbiologically diagnosed histoplasmosis, probably acquired from the Philippines, in a returning traveler who presented with a right foot wound and papular rash. The final diagnosis was disseminated histoplasmosis with cutaneous and bone involvement, both unusual manifestations of the disease...
July 6, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Nathalie N Kamou, Mukesh Dubey, Georgios Tzelepis, Georgios Menexes, Emmanouil N Papadakis, Magnus Karlsson, Anastasia L Lagopodi, Dan Funck Jensen
This study was carried out to assess the compatibility of the biocontrol fungus Clonostachys rosea IK726 with the phenazine-producing Pseudomonas chlororaphis ToZa7 or with the prodigiosin-producing Serratia rubidaea S55 against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici. The pathogen was inhibited by both strains in vitro, whereas C. rosea displayed high tolerance to S. rubidaea but not to P. chlororaphis. We hypothesized that this could be attributed to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins. The results of the reverse transcription quantitative PCR showed an induction of seven genes (abcB1, abcB20, abcB26, abcC12, abcC12, abcG8 and abcG25) from subfamilies B, C and G...
May 2016: Archives of Microbiology
Eduard E Zijlstra, Wendy W J van de Sande, Oliverio Welsh, El Sheikh Mahgoub, Michael Goodfellow, Ahmed H Fahal
Mycetoma can be caused by bacteria (actinomycetoma) or fungi (eumycetoma) and typically affects poor communities in remote areas. It is an infection of subcutaneous tissues resulting in mass and sinus formation and a discharge that contains grains. The lesion is usually on the foot but all parts of the body can be affected. The causative microorganisms probably enter the body by a thorn prick or other lesions of the skin. Mycetoma has a worldwide distribution but is restricted to specific climate zones. Microbiological diagnosis and characterisation of the exact organism causing mycetoma is difficult; no reliable serological test exists but molecular techniques to identify relevant antigens have shown promise...
January 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
T Smith, J P Cassady
Forages are the base source of nutrition for any cow-calf operation. Forage types vary based on soil type and climate. Tall fescue () is the most commonly used cultivated grass for grazing beef cattle in the United States. This cool-season perennial is easily established; is resistant to drought, insects, and nematodes; and has the ability to withstand heavy grazing pressure. Most tall fescue varieties are infected with the endophyte fungus () that is essential for the plant's survival but detrimental to cattle performance...
December 2015: Journal of Animal Science
Mukesh Dubey, Dan Funck Jensen, Magnus Karlsson
For successful biocontrol interactions, biological control organisms must tolerate toxic metabolites produced by themselves or plant pathogens during mycoparasitic/antagonistic interactions, by host plant during colonization of the plant, and xenobiotics present in the environment. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters can play a significant role in tolerance of toxic compounds by mediating active transport across the cellular membrane. This paper reports on functional characterization of an ABC transporter ABCG29 in the biocontrol fungus Clonostachys rosea strain IK726...
April 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
Hussein Mohamed Hassab-El-Naby, Yasser Fathy Mohamed, Hamed Mohamed Abdo, Mohamed Ismail Kamel, Wael Refaat Hablas, Osama Khalil Mohamed
Background. The etiology of foot intertrigo is varied. Several pathogens and skin conditions might play a role in toe web space lesions. Objective. To identify the possible etiological causes of toe web space lesions. Methods. 100 Egyptian patients were enrolled in this study (72 females and 28 males). Their ages ranged from 18 to 79 years. For every patient, detailed history taking, general and skin examinations, and investigations including Wood's light examination, skin scraping for potassium hydroxide test, skin swabs for bacterial isolation, and skin biopsy all were done...
2015: Dermatology Research and Practice
Tamar Brufman, Ronen Ben-Ami, Michal Mizrahi, Edna Bash, Yael Paran
BACKGROUND: Mycetoma is a chronic and destructive infection caused by either fungus or bacteria. Mycetoma has a characteristic clinical presentation of a triad of tumor-like swelling, draining sinuses, and macroscopic grains. Mycetoma infection is extremely rare in Israel; however, in view of the recent immigration from mycetoma-hyperendemic regions of Africa to Israel, physicians in Israel may encounter this infection. OBJECTIVES: To present two cases of mycetoma caused by Madurella mycatomatis in immigrants from endemic regions in Sudan treated at our hospital, and review the current literature...
July 2015: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Daniel López López, Marta Rivas López, María de Los Ángeles Bouza Prego, Leida María Mónaco, Marta Elena Losa Iglesias, Jesús Luis Saleta Canosa, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo
BACKGROUND: People working at sea show a marked presence of musculoskeletal pain as well as an important coexistence of pain in diverse anatomical regions, which is believed to have a harmful effect on the quality of life related to foot health. The aim is to describe and compare the impact in a sample of sea workers and people who work on the ground in the light of the scores obtained with regard foot health and health in general. METHODS: A sample of 94 participants of a mean age of 41...
November 2015: Journal of Tissue Viability
A W Nur Hilda Hanina, N S Intan, A N Syafinaz, A Zalinah, M N Lailatul Akmar, A S Devnani
INTRODUCTION: Patients suffering from diabetes mellitus (DM) frequently present with infected diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). This study was done to record the anatomical site and the grade of ulcers according to Wagner's classification and to culture the microorganisms from the ulcers and determine their antibiotic sensitivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective study was conducted on 77 diabetic patients who were admitted with DFU from June until December 2011. Patients with end stage renal failure, those who had previous vascular surgery on the involved limb, or hyperbaric oxygen or maggot therapy for the ulcers, or had unrelated skin diseases around the involved foot were excluded from the study...
June 2015: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Reema Nath, Shyamanta Barua, Jahnabi Barman, Pallabi Swargiary, Mondita Borgohain, Lahari Saikia
A large number of phaeoid fungi cause infection in humans and other animals which is characterized by the basic development of sclerotic body, dark-coloured filamentous hyphae as well as yeast-like cells in the invaded tissue. Two cases of subcutaneous mycosis in immunocompetent male patients aged 55 and 58 years attending Dermatology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Assam, north-east India, are reported. The first case was diagnosed as chromoblastomycosis which was caused by Cladosporium cladosporioides...
December 2015: Mycopathologia
Lindsey J Papacostas, Andrew Henderson, Keat Choong, David Sowden
We describe a case of subcutaneous infection as a result of traumatic implantation caused by the fungus Lasiodiplodia theobromae. It was isolated in multiple swabs from the foot of an active healthy male. The fungus was identified by traditional mycology culture methods though this was slow with much time required for sporulation on only one of the agars used. Identification was confirmed by DNA sequencing. The patient was successfully treated with Voriconizole.
June 2015: Medical Mycology Case Reports
D Chabasse, M Pihet
Onychomycoses represent about 30% of superficial mycosis that are encountered in Dermatology consults. Fungi such as dermatophytes, which are mainly found on the feet nails, cause nearly 50% of these onychopathies. Yeasts are predominantly present on hands, whereas non-dermatophytic moulds are very seldom involved in both foot and hand nails infections. According to literature, these moulds are responsible for 2 to 17% of onychomycoses. Nevertheless, we have to differentiate between onychomycoses due to pseudodermatophytes such as Neoscytalidium (ex-Scytalidium) and Onychocola canadensis, which present a high affinity for keratin, and onychomycoses due to filamentous fungi such as Aspergillus, Fusarium, Scopulariopsis, Acremonium...
December 2014: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Amit M Sharma, Namita Sharma, Amritpal Nat, Meghan Rane, Timothy P Endy
Madura foot is a chronic infection caused by fungus and/or bacteria. Traditionally, treatment has been surgical debridement or amputation. Non-invasive management with long-term antimicrobials alone has been reported as successful. We report a case of Madura foot in a Somali refugee successfully managed with oral posaconazole and ciprofloxacin.
December 2014: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Navin Kaini, Rachel Foot, Alan Smulian, Sadia Benzaquen
SESSION TITLE: Infectious Disease Cases IISESSION TYPE: Affiliate Case Report SlidePRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 11:00 AM - 12:15 PMINTRODUCTION: Coccidioidomycosis is a spectrum of disease caused by dimorphic fungi C. immitis and C. posadasii. It commonly involves lung, but could affect multiple systems including joints. Sarcoid nodules could be infected with fungus like coccidiodes, especially in patients on chronic immunosuppressive therapy. It could present as unresolving pneumonia and respiratory failure...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Yuka Miura, Kimie Takehara, Gojiro Nakagami, Ayumi Amemiya, Toshiki Kanazawa, Nao Kimura, Chihiro Kishi, Yuiko Koyano, Nao Tamai, Tetsuro Nakamura, Makoto Kawashima, Yuichiro Tsunemi, Hiromi Sanada
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to assess the difference in foot temperature between tinea unguium-positive older adults with subungual hyperkeratosis and tinea unguium-negative older adults with subungual hyperkeratosis to develop a temperature-based screening method for tinea unguium. METHODS: The present cross-sectional, observational study investigated 51 residents with subungual hyperkeratosis in two facilities covered by long-term care insurance between October 2011 and December 2011...
August 2015: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Thomas Jansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2014: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Knut Kröger, Theodoros Moysidis, Michel Feghaly, Erika Schäfer, Alexander Bufe
Podologists are nurses who care for the diabetic foot (orthotics, offloading devices, blisters, calluses, treatment of fungus infection and patient education). In contrast to podiatrists, they are not qualified to perform any surgical treatment or wound care. We analysed whether there is an association between the decrease in major amputations and the number of podologic foot care (PFC) visits prescribed in Germany. Detailed list of all major lower limb amputations (OPS 5-864) performed from 2007 to 2011 was provided by the Federal Statistical Office...
October 2016: International Wound Journal
K Mishra, S Das, S Goyal, C Gupta, G Rai, M A Ansari, R Saha, A Singal
Subcutaneous mycoses are chronic fungal infections of the skin and subcutaneous tissues caused by variety of fungal agents and usually occur following trauma with vegetative matter. We report a case of subcutaneous mycoses caused by rare fungus belonging to the genus Rhytidhysteron, in an immunocompetent male who presented with a subcutaneous nodule on left foot. This unusual species was identified and confirmed by molecular methods.
July 2014: Medical Mycology Case Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"