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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915215/brain-fogginess-gas-and-bloating-a-link-between-sibo-probiotics-and-metabolic-acidosis
#1
Satish S C Rao, Abdul Rehman, Siegfried Yu, Nicole Martinez de Andino
BACKGROUND: D-lactic acidosis is characterized by brain fogginess (BF) and elevated D-lactate and occurs in short bowel syndrome. Whether it occurs in patients with an intact gut and unexplained gas and bloating is unknown. We aimed to determine if BF, gas and bloating is associated with D-lactic acidosis and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). METHODS: Patients with gas, bloating, BF, intact gut, and negative endoscopic and radiological tests, and those without BF were evaluated...
June 19, 2018: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908580/is-psoriasis-a-bowel-disease-successful-treatment-with-bile-acids-and-bioflavonoids-suggests-it-is
#2
P Haines Ely
The gut is the largest lymphoid organ in the body. The human microbiome is composed of trillions of bacteria. The DNA of these bacteria dwarfs the human genome. Diet and ethanol can cause rapid shifts in the number and types of bacteria in the gut. The psoriatic microbiome is similar to that seen in alcoholics; there is a decrease in bacterial diversity and overgrowth of bacteria in the small bowel. Psoriatics often have liver disease and deficiencies in bile acids. Psoriasis is a disease characterized by a leaky gut...
May 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907203/bile-and-circulating-hmgb1-contributes-to-systemic-inflammation-in-obstructive-jaundice
#3
REVIEW
Runkuan Yang, Shengtao Zhu, Soeren Erik Pischke, Hakon Haugaa, Xiaoping Zou, Tor Inge Tonnessen
BACKGROUND: Obstructive jaundice (OJ) patients with cholangitis are prone to sepsis; however, the underlying mechanisms are still not clear and need to be clarified. METHODS: Analyzing all available published data related to the title of this article. RESULTS: OJ leads to absence of gut luminal bile and accumulation of hepatic and circulating bile acids. Absence of gut luminal bile deprives the gut from its antiinflammatory, endotoxin-binding, bacteriostatic, mucosal-trophic, epithelial tight-junction maintaining, and gut motility-regulating effects, leading to gut bacterial overgrowth, mucosal atrophy, mucosal tight-junction loss, and gut motility dysfunction...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882798/microbiome-gut-brain-axis-and-toll-like-receptors-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Valentina Caputi, Maria Cecilia Giron
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressively debilitating neurodegenerative disease characterized by α-synucleinopathy, which involves all districts of the brain-gut axis, including the central, autonomic and enteric nervous systems. The highly bidirectional communication between the brain and the gut is markedly influenced by the microbiome through integrated immunological, neuroendocrine and neurological processes. The gut microbiota and its relevant metabolites interact with the host via a series of biochemical and functional inputs, thereby affecting host homeostasis and health...
June 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880619/small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-sibo-and-vitamin-k-responsive-coagulopathy-a-previously-unrecorded-association
#5
Ricardo Brandt Oliveira, Ana Lourdes Candolo Martinelli, Luiz Ernesto Almeida Troncon, Jorge Elias
A 17-year-old woman, with a history of three operations on the upper gut in early life and intermittent diarrhoea, presented with a history of epistaxis and leg ecchymosis for the previous 3 months. Initial investigation revealed mild anaemia, low serum albumin, moderately elevated aminotransferases and an exceedingly prolonged prothrombin time (PT) which was promptly shortened to normal by intravenous vitamin K. Additional investigations revealed a grossly abnormal glucose hydrogen breath test, a dilated duodenum and deficiencies of vitamins A, D and E...
June 6, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877952/pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-management-of-chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction
#6
Thomas J Downes, Manikandar S Cheruvu, Tennekoon B Karunaratne, Roberto De Giorgio, Adam D Farmer
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare disorder characterized by an impairment of coordinated propulsive activity in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which clinically mimics mechanical intestinal obstruction. CIPO is the most severe and debilitating form of GI dysmotility. CIPO may be primary or be secondary to pathology at any level of the brain-gut axis as well as systemic disease. The clinical features of CIPO are pleomorphic and largely depend on the site and extent of the segment of the GI tract involved...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868005/-bacteroides-fragilis-protects-against-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-in-rats-by-modulating-intestinal-defenses
#7
Wendi Zhang, Bo Zhu, Jiahui Xu, Yangyang Liu, Enqi Qiu, Zhijun Li, Zhengchao Li, Yan He, Hongwei Zhou, Yang Bai, Fachao Zhi
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) is iatrogenic diarrhea characterized by disruption of the gut microbiota. Probiotics are routinely used to treat AAD in clinical practice; however, the effectiveness and mechanisms by which probiotics alleviate symptoms remain poorly understood. We previously isolated a non-toxic Bacteroides fragilis strain ZY-312, which has been verified to be beneficial in certain infection disorders. However, the precise role of this commensal bacterium in AAD is unknown. In this study, we successfully established an AAD rat model by exposing rats to appropriate antibiotics...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862447/sludge-flotation-its-causes-and-control-in-granular-sludge-upflow-reactors
#8
REVIEW
Bo Wang, Di Wu, XiaoLei Zhang, Hamish R Mackey, Guang-Hao Chen
Sludge flotation is a commonly reported and long-standing issue hindering not only the widespread implementation of upflow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB)-type bioreactors in wastewater treatment but also the development of novel anaerobic/anoxic treatment processes such as anammox, partial denitrification, and biological sulfate reduction. This review attempts to address the instability of UASB-type bioreactors due to sludge flotation. Possible causes of sludge flotation are classified into intrinsic and extrinsic ones...
June 3, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804866/low-dose-hydrocortisone-prolongs-survival-in-a-lethal-sepsis-model-in-adrenalectomized-rats
#9
Triantafyllos Doulias, Stefanie Quickert, Sebastien Weis, Ralf A Claus, Konstantina Kontopoulou, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Michael Bauer, Ioannis M Koutelidakis
BACKGROUND: Controversial clinical findings of low-dose hydrocortisone supplementation in septic shock led us to investigate the impact of administration in lethal septic shock in adrenalectomized rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After preliminary experiments, to define the intravenous dose of hydrocortisone delivered in bilaterally adrenalectomized rats with serum cortisol level similar to sham rats, survival experiments were run in 75 rats after intraperitoneal challenge with Escherichia coli...
July 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804354/-development-and-features-of-infection-in-patients-with-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-and-its-influence-on-disease-progression-and-prognosis
#10
Z J Cao, Q Xie
Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a clinical syndrome characterized by acute decompensation of chronic liver disease associating with multiple organ failures and high short- term mortality. Patients with ACLF are highly susceptible to infection due to the pathophysiology features including immune function disorder (overlap of excessive inflammatory reaction and immune dysfunction), gut bacterial overgrowth/dysbiosis and translocation of gut microbiota/products. Appropriate empirical antibiotics plays a pivotal role in the management of ACLF with infection...
January 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794732/elevated-methane-levels-in-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-suggests-delayed-small-bowel-and-colonic-transit
#11
Jaspreet Suri, Rahul Kataria, Zubair Malik, Henry P Parkman, Ron Schey
Limited research exists regarding the relationship between small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), small bowel transit (SBT), and colonic transit (CT). Furthermore, symptom analysis is limited between the subtypes of SIBO: hydrogen producing (H-SIBO) and methane producing (M-SIBO). The primary aims of this study are to: compare the SBT and CT in patients with a positive lactulose breath test (LBT) to those with a normal study; compare the SBT and CT among patients with H-SIBO or M-SIBO; compare the severity of symptoms in patients with a positive LBT to those with a normal study; compare the severity of symptoms among patients with H-SIBO or M-SIBO...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773218/kleine-levin-syndrome-the-contribution-of-pet-scan-and-hydrogen-breath-test-for-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth
#12
Andrea Melpignano, Giulia Milioli, Anna Bertelè, Anna Elisabetta Vaudano, Caterina Ghetti, Liborio Parrino, Livia Ruffini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772525/vaginal-microbiota-dysmicrobism-and-role-of-biofilm-forming-bacteria
#13
Giuseppina Campisciano, Nunzia Zanotta, Vincenzo Petix, Lucia Corich, Francesco De Seta, Manola Comar
Bacterial vaginosis involves the presence of a polymicrobial biofilm on the vaginal epithelium, guaranteeing immune escape and spread of antibiotic resistance. To spot known biofilm-forming bacteria, we profiled the vaginal microbiome of sixty-four symptomatic women suffering from a different grade of vaginal disorders and sixty asymptomatic healthy women. Specific microbial profiles distinguished symptomatic from asymptomatic women and characterized the grade of dysmicrobism within the symptomatic group. Lactobacillus crispatus and iners predominated on the healthy vaginal mucosa, while Lactobacillus gasseri predominated in the intermediate dysmicrobism...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762383/starch-tolerance-and-the-short-bowel
#14
Jan de Laffolie, Hassan Y Naim, Silvia Rudloff, Klaus-Peter Zimmer
Short bowel syndrome with intestinal failure is a rare disease with a massive impairment in quality of life, requiring a multidisciplinary team approach to medical, surgical, and nutritional therapy. Current pharmacological and surgical therapeutic options are limited; an important cornerstone is enteral and parenteral nutrition. The changed physiology of carbohydrate digestion plays a major role in the adaptation process and can be a target for specific enteral nutrition interventions. An important prognostic factor is the preservation of at least portions of the colon in continuity with small bowel...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761252/testing-and-treating-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-reduces-symptoms-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
Shirley Cohen-Mekelburg, Zaid Tafesh, Elliot Coburn, Russell Weg, Neena Malik, Colleen Webb, Hoda Hammad, Ellen Scherl, Brian P Bosworth
BACKGROUND: Common mechanisms against small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), including an intact ileocecal valve, gastric acid secretion, intestinal motility, and an intact immune system, are compromised in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and therefore, a relatively high incidence of SIBO has been reported in this population. AIMS: We aimed to determine whether an improvement in IBD clinical activity scores is seen after testing and treating SIBO. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 147 patients with inflammatory bowel disease who were referred for SIBO breath testing from 1/2012 to 5/2016 was performed...
May 14, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761234/prevalence-and-predictors-of-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Binrui Chen, John Jae-Woo Kim, Yawen Zhang, Lijun Du, Ning Dai
BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) among individuals with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is highly variable. The aim of the study is to estimate the prevalence and identify predictors of SIBO in IBS. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE through July 2017 were searched to identify studies evaluating the prevalence of SIBO in IBS. The pooled prevalence of SIBO among individuals with IBS and the pooled odds ratio (OR) of SIBO among those with IBS compared with healthy controls were calculated...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760707/the-yin-and-yang-of-tyrosine-kinase-inhibition-during-experimental-polymicrobial-sepsis
#17
Cassiano Felippe Gonçalves-de-Albuquerque, Ina Rohwedder, Adriana Ribeiro Silva, Alessandra Silveira Ferreira, Angela R M Kurz, Céline Cougoule, Sarah Klapproth, Tanja Eggersmann, Johnatas D Silva, Gisele Pena de Oliveira, Vera Luiza Capelozzi, Gabriel Gutfilen Schlesinger, Edlaine Rijo Costa, Rita de Cassia Elias Estrela Marins, Attila Mócsai, Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini, Barbara Walzog, Patricia Rieken Macedo Rocco, Markus Sperandio, Hugo Caire de Castro-Faria-Neto
Neutrophils are the first cells of our immune system to arrive at the site of inflammation. They release cytokines, e.g., chemokines, to attract further immune cells, but also actively start to phagocytose and kill pathogens. In the case of sepsis, this tightly regulated host defense mechanism can become uncontrolled and hyperactive resulting in severe organ damage. Currently, no effective therapy is available to fight sepsis; therefore, novel treatment targets that could prevent excessive inflammatory responses are warranted...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756986/-dietetic-treatment-with-fructose-in-a-5-year-old-girl-with-recurrent-d-lactic-acidosis
#18
Lourdes Travieso Suárez, Pilar Quijada Fraile, Consuelo Pedrón Giner
D-lactic acidosis is an infrequent complication, mainly reported in patients with short bowel syndrome. It is characterized by recurrent episodes of encephalopathy with elevated serum D-lactic acid, usually associating metabolic acidosis. The presence of D-lactate-producing bacteria is necessary for the development of this complication. Other factors, such as the ingestion of large amounts of carbohydrates or reduced intestinal motility, contribute to D-lactic acidosis. We report a case of recurrent D-lactic acidosis in a 5-year-old girl with short bowel syndrome, due to a midgut volvulus...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755204/cryopreservation-studies-of-an-artificial-co-culture-between-the-cobalamin-requiring-green-alga-lobomonas-rostrata-and-the-bacterium-mesorhizobium-loti
#19
Christian J A Ridley, John G Day, Alison G Smith
Algal-bacterial co-cultures, rather than cultures of algae alone, are regarded as having the potential to enhance productivity and stability in industrial algal cultivation. As with other inocula in biotechnology, to avoid loss of production strains, it is important to develop preservation methods for the long-term storage of these cultures, and one of the most commonly used approaches is cryopreservation. However, whilst there are many reports of cryopreserved xenic algal cultures, little work has been reported on the intentional preservation of both algae and beneficial bacteria in xenic cultures...
2018: Journal of Applied Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752215/chronic-pancreatitis-and-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth
#20
EDITORIAL
Matthew J DiMagno, Chris E Forsmark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
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