keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bacterial overgrowth

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078798/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-rifaximin-is-effective-and-safe-for-the-treatment-of-small-intestine-bacterial-overgrowth
#1
REVIEW
L Gatta, C Scarpignato
BACKGROUND: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is a heterogeneous syndrome, characterised by an increased number and/or abnormal type of bacteria in the small bowel. Over the past decades, rifaximin has gained popularity for this indication despite its use is not evidence based. AIM: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarise evidence about the efficacy and safety of rifaximin to eradicate SIBO in adult patients. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CCRCT, Scopus and Web of Science were searched from inception to March 16, 2015 for RCTs and observational studies...
January 12, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062871/-chronic-diarrhea-in-the-diabetic-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Juan Sebastián Frías Ordoñez, William Otero Regino
The association of diarrhea with diabetes mellitus has been known for more than 70 years. In diabetic patients its prevalence is around 20%.Its clinical manifestations are diverse, and represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.There are certain diagnoses of higher prevalence in diabetic patients than in the general population.The different related etiologies can be adequately diagnosed through the clinical history and complementary diagnostic tests.The medications used by the diabetic patient to manage their disease often cause chronic diarrhea, so the pharmacological background should be studied at the time of the study of diarrhea...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044237/relationship-between-plasma-levels-of-zonulin-bacterial-lipopolysaccharides-d-lactate-and-markers-of-inflammation-in-haemodialysis-patients
#3
Joanna Ficek, Katarzyna Wyskida, Rafał Ficek, Jarosław Wajda, Dariusz Klein, Joanna Witkowicz, Sylwia Rotkegel, Urszula Spiechowicz-Zatoń, Joanna Kocemba-Dyczek, Jarosław Ciepał, Andrzej Więcek, Magdalena Olszanecka-Glinianowicz, Jerzy Chudek
BACKGROUND: Increased permeability of the intestinal wall and intestinal dysbiosis may contribute to chronic systemic inflammation, one of the causes of accelerated atherosclerosis and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality burden in patients with chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between markers of intestinal permeability and inflammation in haemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Plasma concentration of zonulin, haptoglobin, TNFα, IL6, D-lactates and bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) was assessed in blood samples obtained after overnight fast before midweek morning HD session in 150 stable, prevalent HD patients...
January 2, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040175/impact-of-nacl-reduction-on-lactic-acid-bacteria-during-fermentation-of-nocellara-del-belice-table-olives
#4
Paola Zinno, Barbara Guantario, Giuditta Perozzi, Gianni Pastore, Chiara Devirgiliis
Table olives are widely consumed worldwide but, due to the presence of NaCl in fermenting brines, they contain high levels of sodium. A promising strategy to lower sodium content is the reduction or substitution of NaCl in brines with other chlorides. However, these procedures may impact safety, spoilage, as well as quality and technological properties, including the evolution and final composition of the fermenting microbiota. In the present work the effects of partially replacing NaCl with KCl in fermenting brines on the microbiological quality of Nocellara del Belice olives produced by Spanish style (Sivigliano) or Castelvetrano methods have been analyzed...
May 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030512/risk-of-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-with-chronic-use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-children
#5
Kristen Cares, Namir Al-Ansari, Suhasini Macha, Najeeb Zoubi, Hazim Zaghloul, Ron Thomas, Patricia Lalinsky, Mohammad El-Baba
BACKGROUND: Some theorize that prolonged use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may increase the risk of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). Chronic acid suppression and resultant hypochlorhydria may lead to an altered intraluminal environment, which, in turn, may promote the growth of bacteria in the small intestine. A handful of studies measured the risk of SIBO in adults taking PPIs and obtained mixed results; however, this risk has not been exclusively measured in children...
December 27, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013205/clinical-correlates-of-faecal-incontinence-in-systemic-sclerosis-identifying-therapeutic-avenues
#6
Nicolas Richard, Marie Hudson, Geneviève Gyger, Murray Baron, Evelyn Sutton, Nader Khalidi, Janet E Pope, Nathalie Carrier, Maggie Larché, Alexandra Albert, Paul R Fortin, Carter Thorne, Ariel Masetto
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to establish the prevalence and severity of faecal incontinence (FI) in SSc, its association with other intestinal manifestations and potential predictors of FI, and its impact on quality of life. METHODS: A multicentre, cross-sectional study of 298 SSc subjects followed in the Canadian Scleroderma Research Group cohort was performed using validated questionnaires: Jorge-Wexner score (an FI severity scale), Bristol stool scale (a visual scale of stool consistency) and FI Quality-of-Life scale...
December 24, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976432/trichobacteriosis-axillaris-caused-by-dermabacter-hominis
#7
Jorge Larrondo, Lorena Porte, Marianne Gosch, Raúl Cabrera, Thomas Weitzel
Trichobacteriosis is a frequent superficial bacterial infection of the hair, mainly affecting sweat gland bearing areas such as axillae and genital region, and also rarely the scalp.(1-3) The disease is characterized by bacterial overgrowth forming nodular concretions, usually of yellow color (infrequently black or reddish), which are firmly attached to the hair shaft.(1,4) Clinical hallmarks are rancid, acidic odor, unpleasant "dirty" sensation, and staining of clothes. Although most cases have been associated to different species of corynebacteria, the full etiologic spectrum of this infection is uncertain ...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973989/prospective-randomized-controlled-study-on-the-effects-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-cncm-i-745-and-amoxicillin-clavulanate-or-the-combination-on-the-gut-microbiota-of-healthy-volunteers
#8
Toufic A Kabbani, Kumar Pallav, Scot E Dowd, Javier Villafuerte-Galvez, Rohini R Vanga, Natalia E Castillo, Joshua Hansen, Melinda Dennis, Daniel A Leffler, Ciarán P Kelly
Probiotics are believed to be beneficial in maintaining a healthy gut microbiota whereas antibiotics are known to induce dysbiosis. This study aimed to examine the effects of the probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 (SB), the antibiotic Amoxicillin-Clavulanate (AC) and the combination on the microbiota and symptoms of healthy humans. Healthy subjects were randomized to one of four study groups: SB for 14 days, AC for 7 days, SB plus AC, Control (no treatment). Participants gave stool samples and completed gastro-intestinal symptom questionnaires...
December 14, 2016: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966036/the-underlying-ecological-processes-of-gut-microbiota-among-cohabitating-retarded-overgrown-and-normal-shrimps
#9
Jinbo Xiong, Wenfang Dai, Jinyong Zhu, Keshao Liu, Chunming Dong, Qiongfen Qiu
Increasing evidence of tight links among the gut microbiota, obesity, and host health has emerged, but knowledge of the ecological processes that shape the variation in microbial assemblages across growth rates remains elusive. Moreover, inadequately control for differences in factors that profoundly affect the gut microbial community, hampers evaluation of the gut microbiota roles in regulating growth rates. To address this gap, we evaluated the composition and ecological processes of the gut bacterial community in cohabitating retarded, overgrown, and normal shrimps from identically managed ponds...
December 13, 2016: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965643/the-minor-flagellin-of-campylobacter-jejuni-flab-confers-defensive-properties-against-bacteriophage-infection
#10
Lukas Lis, Ian F Connerton
A screen of bacteriophages infecting a panel of Campylobacter jejuni PT14 gene knock-out mutants identified a role for the minor flagellin encoded by the flaB gene, in the defense of the host against CP8unalikevirus bacteriophage CP_F1 infection. Inactivation of the flaB gene resulted in an increase in the susceptibility of PT14 cultures to infection by CP_F1 and an increase in bacteriophage yields. Infection of wild type PT14 with CP_F1 produces turbid plaques in bacterial lawns, from which 78% of the resistant isolates recovered exhibit either attenuation or complete loss of motility...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965476/positive-glucose-breath-tests-in-patients-with-hysterectomy-gastrectomy-and-cholecystectomy
#11
Dae Bum Kim, Chang-Nyol Paik, Yeon Ji Kim, Ji Min Lee, Kyong-Hwa Jun, Woo Chul Chung, Kang-Moon Lee, Jin-Mo Yang, Myung-Gyu Choi
Background/Aims: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in patients undergoing abdominal surgeries, such as gastrectomy, cholecystectomy, and hysterectomy. Methods: One hundred seventy-one patients with surgery (50 hysterectomy, 14 gastrectomy, and 107 cholecystectomy), 665 patients with functional gastrointestinal disease (FGID) and 30 healthy controls undergoing a hydrogen (H₂)-methane (CH₄) glucose breath test (GBT) were reviewed...
December 16, 2016: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930853/association-between-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#12
Xuan Cheng, Lu Zhang, Nan-Chang Xie, Hong-Liang Xu, Ya-Jun Lian
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal dysfunction and vein thrombosis are well-known acute complications after spinal cord injuries (SCI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and risk factors for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in patients with SCI. METHODS: A total of 377 consecutive eligible patients with SCI tested for SIBO using glucose hydrogen (H2)/methane(CH4) breath test from January 2011 to December 2015 and who also had venous ultrasound study for suspected DVT were evaluated within 3 months after admission...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920543/intestinal-permeability-in-a-patient-with-liver-cirrhosis
#13
REVIEW
Jonathan Manuel Aguirre Valadez, Liliana Rivera-Espinosa, Osvely Méndez-Guerrero, Juan Luis Chávez-Pacheco, Ignacio García Juárez, Aldo Torre
Liver cirrhosis is a worldwide public health problem, and patients with this disease are at high risk of developing complications, bacterial translocation from the intestinal lumen to the mesenteric nodes, and systemic circulation, resulting in the development of severe complications related to high mortality rate. The intestinal barrier is a structure with a physical and biochemical activity to maintain balance between the external environment, including bacteria and their products, and the internal environment...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916156/small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-a-primary-care-review
#14
REVIEW
Edward J Krajicek, Stephanie L Hansel
Gastrointestinal symptoms are commonly seen in the primary care setting.(1) These patient presentations can be nonspecific, leading to a broad differential diagnosis. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth is a clinical entity that can present with many of these nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms. The recent interest in the microbiome by those in the medical and lay communities has made this syndrome all the more relevant. This review gives the primary care provider an up-to-date understanding of the etiology, risk factors and predisposing factors, presentation, diagnostic testing, and management of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth...
December 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895414/hepatic-encephalopathy-ever-closer-to-its-big-bang
#15
EDITORIAL
Pablo A Souto, Ariel R Marcotegui, Lisandro Orbea, Juan Skerl, Juan Carlos Perazzo
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric disorder that commonly complicates the course of patients with liver disease. Despite the fact that the syndrome was probably first recognized hundreds of years ago, the exact pathogenesis still remains unclear. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is the earliest form of HE and is estimated to affect more that 75% of patients with liver cirrhosis. It is characterized by cognitive impairment predominantly attention, reactiveness and integrative function with very subtle clinical manifestations...
November 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890460/prevalence-of-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-control-study-from-china
#16
Yongbo Zhang, Guoyi Liu, Yuanli Duan, Xinwen Han, Huihua Dong, Jia Geng
OBJECTIVE: It's hypothesized that gastrointestinal microbiota might play an important role in pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in MS patients compared with sex and age matched controls without MS. METHODS: The present study was a case-control type, it included 118 patients with definitive MS and 118 age-sex matched controls. Progression of disability was assessed using the Multiple Sclerosis Severity Score (MSSS)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867686/widespread-use-of-gastric-acid-inhibitors-in-infants-are-they-needed-are-they-safe
#17
REVIEW
Mark Safe, Wei H Chan, Steven T Leach, Lee Sutton, Kei Lui, Usha Krishnan
Gastroesophageal reflux is a common phenomenon in infants, but the differentiation between gastroesophageal reflux and gastroesophageal reflux disease can be difficult. Symptoms are non-specific and there is increasing evidence that the majority of symptoms may not be acid-related. Despite this, gastric acid inhibitors such as proton pump inhibitors are widely and increasingly used, often without objective evidence or investigations to guide treatment. Several studies have shown that these medications are ineffective at treating symptoms associated with reflux in the absence of endoscopically proven oesophagitis...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856152/-use-of-probiotics-in-bacterial-vaginosis
#18
A M Mur Pérez, Z Mateo Segura, N Ramírez Domínguez, P Vela Condón
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a change in the vaginal microbiota due to bacterial overgrowth of normal microorganisms, which produces symptoms of vaginal discomfort, increased malodorous vaginal discharge, etc. Although they been seen to improve recurrence rates in clinical practice, the role of probiotics is questioned in these situations. A literature review on BV is presented in order to evaluate the effectiveness of using probiotics as adjuvant therapy in BV. METHOD: PubMed, Cochrane and SCOPUS review of the last 5 years publications using probiotics to treat women diagnosed with BV...
November 14, 2016: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833912/sacb-sacr-gene-cassette-as-the-negative-selection-marker-to-suppress-agrobacterium-overgrowth-in-agrobacterium-mediated-plant-transformation
#19
Yiming Liu, Jiamin Miao, Sy Traore, Danyu Kong, Yi Liu, Xunzhong Zhang, Zachary L Nimchuk, Zongrang Liu, Bingyu Zhao
Agrobacterium overgrowth is a common problem in Agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation. To suppress the Agrobacterium overgrowth, various antibiotics have been used during plant tissue culture steps. The antibiotics are expensive and may adversely affect plant cell differentiation and reduce plant transformation efficiency. The SacB-SacR proteins are toxic to most Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains when they are grown on culture medium supplemented with sucrose. Therefore, SacB-SacR genes can be used as negative selection markers to suppress the overgrowth of A...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832696/hyperammonemic-induced-coma-by-bacterial-overgrowth-in-a-child-with-hirschsprung-s-disease
#20
Fatemeh Farahmand, Ahmad Khodadad, Gholamhosein Fallahi, Davood Motaharizad, Javad Sabery Nejad
Cases with Hirschsprung's disease show the functional intestinal obstruction. Obstruction in these patients may lead to bacterial overgrowth with stasis and inflammation of the colon. Bacterial overgrowth can cause hyperammonemia that makes lethargy and loss of conscious and finally admitting in ICU. The purpose of this case report is to present a case that had Hirschsprung's disease and referred to Children's Medical Center with serum hyper-ammonium caused by bacterial overgrowth that induced coma and altered level of consciousness then made her to admit to PICU...
September 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
keyword
keyword
50424
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"