Read by QxMD icon Read


Agnieszka E Zawada, Małgorzata Moszak, Dorota Skrzypczak, Marian Grzymisławski
Diabetes mellitus is a systemic disease which affects patients of various age. Hyperglycemia induces damage of vascular endothelium, development of chronic inflammation, organic and functional lesions in several systems and organs. The principal gastroenterological complaints linked to the manifestation of the disease include abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, flatulence, and vomiting. However, complications in the alimentary system may manifest exclusively by difficulties in reaching normoglycemia and numerous persistent episodes of hypoglycemia...
March 13, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Veronika Hammer, Katharina Hammer, Nima Memaran, Wolf-Dietrich Huber, Karin Hammer, Johann Hammer
BACKGROUND: Limited valid data are available regarding the association of fructose-induced symptoms, fructose malabsorption, and clinical symptoms. AIM: To develop a questionnaire for valid symptom assessment before and during a carbohydrate breath test and to correlate symptoms with fructose breath test results in children/adolescents with functional abdominal pain. METHODS: A Likert-type questionnaire assessing symptoms considered relevant for hydrogen breath test in children was developed and underwent initial validation...
March 7, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Saeed Ali, Neelam Khetpal, Muhammad Talha Khan, Mamoon Rasheed, Fnu Asad-Ur-Rahman, Karen Echeverria-Beltran
Dientamoeba fragilis (D. fragilis) is an anaerobic intestinal protozoan parasite that has been associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms. We report a case of post-infectious IBS caused by D. fragilis treated successfully with metronidazole. A 33-year-old African American male with an unremarkable past medical history was seen in the office with a three-month history of intermittent, generalized, crampy abdominal pain with bloating and flatulence without associated weight loss. He visited Mexico for his honeymoon four months ago...
December 27, 2017: Curēus
Jacques E Chelly, Peter G Lacouture, Christian Russel D Reyes
BACKGROUND: Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin-diclofenac (HPβCD-diclofenac) is an NSAID used to treat acute moderate-to-severe postoperative pain. This post hoc analysis investigated the safety of HPβCD-diclofenac in patients aged ≥ 65 years. METHODS: Data from three phase III trials of HPβCD-diclofenac in adult patients with acute moderate-to-severe postoperative pain were pooled (NCT00448110, NCT00507026, and NCT00726388). Patients who received one or more dose of HPβCD-diclofenac or placebo were included and stratified according to age: < 65, 65-74, or ≥ 75 years...
March 1, 2018: Drugs & Aging
Ellen Lever, S Mark Scott, Petra Louis, Peter W Emery, Kevin Whelan
BACKGROUND & AIM: Prunes (dried plums) are perceived to maintain healthy bowel function, however their effects on gastrointestinal (GI) function are poorly researched and potential mechanisms of action are not clear. We aimed to investigate the effect of prunes on stool output, whole gut transit time (WGTT), gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) in healthy adults METHODS: We conducted a parallel group, randomised controlled trial with three treatment arms in 120 healthy adults with low fibre intakes and stool frequency of 3-6 stools/wk...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Marie C Hupe, Winfried Vahlensieck, Tomasz Ozimek, Julian P Struck, Martin J P Hennig, Hossein Tezval, Christoph A von Klot, Axel S Merseburger, Markus A Kuczyk, Mario W Kramer
OBJECTIVES: We had previously demonstrated changes in defecation after radical cystectomy (RC). Reports addressing long-term bowel disorders following RC are rare. This cross-sectional study evaluates long-term bowel issues in a large cohort. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire assessing changes in bowel function (diarrhea, constipation, urge to defecate, sensation of incomplete defecation, and flatulence) and its effect on quality of life was developed based on the gastrointestinal quality of life index and distributed in collaboration with the German bladder cancer support group...
January 21, 2018: Urologic Oncology
Maria Lorella Gianni, Paola Roggero, Charlotte Baudry, Catherine Fressange-Mazda, Pascale le Ruyet, Fabio Mosca
BACKGROUND: When breastfeeding is not possible, infants are fed formulas in which lipids are usually of plant origin. However, the use of dairy fat in combination with plant oils enables a lipid profile in formula closer to breast milk in terms of fatty acid composition, triglyceride structure and cholesterol content. The objectives of this study were to investigate the impact on growth and gastrointestinal tolerance of a formula containing a mix of dairy lipids and plant oils in healthy infants...
January 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Christina Korownyk, Fangwei Liu, Scott Garrison
The objective of this study is to determine whether human body odors undergo seasonal modulation. We utilized google trends search volume from the United States of America from January 1, 2010 to June 24, 2017 for a number of predetermined body odors. Regression modeling of time series data was completed. Our primary outcome was to determine the proportion of the variability in Internet searches for each unpleasant odor (about the mean) that is explained by a seasonal model. We determined that the seasonal (sinusoidal) model provided a significantly better fit than the null model (best straight line fit) for all searches relating to human body odors (P <...
January 17, 2018: Chronobiology International
Sandra Maria Barbalho, Ricardo de Alvares Goulart, Ana Luíza de Carvalho Aranão, Pamela Grazielle Correa de Oliveira
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are mainly represented by ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, and the increase in the incidence tends to follow the rapid industrialization and lifestyle of modern societies. FODMAP (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols) consist of molecules that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine and are fermented by bacteria in the colon leading to symptoms such as bloating, flatulence, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Reduction of the ingestion of FODMAP could reduce the symptoms and improve the quality of life...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
Anne Boney, Heather E Elser, Heidi J Silver
BACKGROUND: Sucrose-isomaltase deficiency (SID) remains underdiagnosed. Absent or reduced enzyme activity promotes diarrhea, abdominal bloating, and flatulence from undigested and malabsorbed disaccharides. Frequency and severity of gastrointestinal symptoms may be associated with the type of carbohydrates consumed. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the dietary intakes of patients treated with sacrosidase (Sucraid; QOL Medical) for SID and determine relationships between type of carbohydrates, sacrosidase dose, and gastrointestinal symptoms...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Harold Tabori, Anke Jaudszus, Christin Arnold, Hans-Joachim Mentzel, Michael Lorenz, Ruth K Michl, Thomas Lehmann, Diane M Renz, Jochen G Mainz
Abdominal symptoms are a hallmark of Cystic fibrosis (CF). Yet, their association with morphological abnormalities of different abdominal organs is still poorly understood. Aim was therefore to relate these symptoms, assessed with a questionnaire, to findings in abdominal ultrasound (US). In 114 CF patients of all ages, findings in US considering seventeen specific parameters were related to abdominal symptoms compiled with our novel CF-specific 26-modal symptom score (CFAbd-Score). US abnormalities were detected in 95% of the patients...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
R Sigala-Robles, S V Aguayo-Patrón, A M Calderón de la Barca
INTRODUCTION: Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune enteropathy associated with gluten ingestion. In extended families of celiac patients that live in close proximity of one another, shared genetic and environmental factors can predispose them to CD. AIM: The aim of this study was to provide evidence about the genetic and environmental factors involved in the development of CD in the extended family of a pediatric patient. METHODS: The medical history, environmental conditions, and participant weight, height, and peripheral blood samples were evaluated...
November 18, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
Maria Isabel Gonzalez Urrego, Laura Fantucci de O Matheus, Karine de Melo Santos, Mariane Ceschin Ernandes, Mariana Monti, Danilo Ferreira de Souza, Júlio Cesar de Carvalho Balieiro, Lúcio Francelino Araújo, Cristiana F Ferreira Pontieri, Márcio Antonio Brunetto
Benefits to microbial fermentation in the colon and as a consequence less flatulence can be promoted for the health of adult dogs according to the amount and protein source. The present study evaluated different protein sources in dry food for brachycephalic dogs regarding microbial fermentation and nutrient digestibility. Four dry dog foods with similar protein content were formulated for adult maintenance: poultry meal (PM) diet; wheat gluten (WG) diet; PM + WG diet; and PM + WG + hydrolysed protein (HP) diet...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
Ayman A El-Badry, Wegdan M Abd El Wahab, Doaa A Hamdy, Alaa Aboud
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disease presenting clinically by abdominal pain with alteration of bowel habits. Although IBS has uncertain etiology, chronic gut inflammation due to persistent exposure to an infectious agent including Blastocystis sp. was proposed. The aim of this study was to detect the prevalence of Blastocystis sp. subtype (ST) isolated from stool of IBS patients and to assess Blastocystis sp. and H. pylori co-infection in IBS patients from Beni-Suef Governorate, Egypt...
January 2018: Parasitology Research
Sebastian Karl Frees, Jonathan Aning, Peter Black, Werner Struss, Robert Bell, Claudia Chavez-Munoz, Martin Gleave, Alan I So
PURPOSE: There is a lack of evidence demonstrating the benefits of using enhanced recovery after surgery protocols (ERAS). Here, we propose to use a randomized clinical pilot study to demonstrate the benefits and feasibility of implementing ERAS versus standard protocols (SP) in patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) and urinary diversion. METHODS: 27 consecutive patients undergoing RC were included in the study. 12 patients were prospectively randomized to follow an ERAS protocol and 15 patients followed an SP...
February 2018: World Journal of Urology
Maryam B Lustberg, Tonya S Orchard, Raquel Reinbolt, Rebecca Andridge, Xueliang Pan, Martha Belury, Rachel Cole, Amanda Logan, Rachel Layman, Bhuvaneswari Ramaswamy, Robert Wesolowski, Michael Berger, Elaine Patterson, Charles Loprinzi, Charles L Shapiro, Lisa Yee
PURPOSE: Aromatase inhibitor (AI)-induced joint symptoms negatively impact drug adherence and quality of life in breast cancer survivors. Mechanisms underlying symptoms may include inflammation. It is hypothesized that n - 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have anti-inflammatory properties and may reduce symptoms. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study comparing 4.3 g/day n - 3 PUFA supplements vs placebo for 24 weeks in postmenopausal breast cancer patients starting adjuvant AIs...
November 3, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Mei He, Jianqin Sun, Zhuo Qin Jiang, Yue Xin Yang
BACKGROUND: A major protein component of cow's milk is β-casein. The most frequent variants in dairy herds are A1 and A2. Recent studies showed that milk containing A1 β-casein promoted intestinal inflammation and exacerbated gastrointestinal symptoms. However, the acute gastrointestinal effects of A1 β-casein have not been investigated. This study compared the gastrointestinal effects of milk containing A1 and A2 β-casein versus A2 β-casein alone in Chinese adults with self-reported lactose intolerance...
October 25, 2017: Nutrition Journal
Tetyana O Kryuchko, Inna M Nesina, Olha Ya Tkachenko
INTRODUCTION: The most common medical conditions in infants, which belong to pediatric and gastroenterological disease areas, are functional gastrointestinal disorders, food hypersensitivity and food allergy. First of all, these symptoms can disguise lactase deficiency, cow's milk protein allergy, eosinophilic gastroenteritis, allergic proctocolitis, gastrointestinal manifestations of atopic dermatitis, functional disorders of gastrointestinal and biliary tract, etc. The aim of our study was to develop an algorithm of monitoring for infants with disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and to study the efficacy of probiotic and enzyme replacement therapy...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Fanny Coffigniez, Aurélien Briffaz, Christian Mestres, Pascaline Alter, Noel Durand, Philippe Bohuon
A modelling approach was developed to better understand the behavior of the flatulence-causing oligosaccharides in cowpea seeds during isothermal water soaking-cooking process. Concentrations of verbascose, stachyose and raffinose were measured both in the seed and in the soaking water during the process (T=30, 60 and 95°C). A reaction-diffusion model was built for the three considered alpha-galactosides both in the seed and in the soaking water, together with a model of water transport in the seed. The model reproduced coupled reaction-diffusion of alpha-galactosides during the soaking-cooking process with a good fit...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Anteneh Worku, Omprakash Sahu
Phaseolus vulgaris L. beans have been characterized as a nearly perfect food in all around the world. It is consider functional in terms of providing nutrients and energy to sustain daily life. Red bean contain high protein, mineral, fibres and chemically diverse micronutrient composition, which can be affected by processing. The main aim of this work is to investigate the effect of open and controlled fermentation on the proximate composition, mineral elements, antinutritional factors and flatulence- causing oligosaccharides of a domesticated bean (Anger, conscope and Loko)...
December 2017: Biotechnology Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"