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Yuhan Liu, Fudong Yu, Yan Han, Qing Li, Zhujun Cao, Xiaogang Xiang, Shaowen Jiang, Xiaolin Wang, Jie Lu, Rongtao Lai, Hui Wang, Wei Cai, Shisan Bao, Qing Xie
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by excessive lipid accumulation in hepatocytes. The role of SENP3 in lipid metabolism, particularly NAFLD, is unclear. Our results showed that hepatic SENP3 was up-regulated in NAFLD patients and an animal model in vivo and after loading hepatocytes with free fatty acids (FFA) in vitro. Intracellular lipid accumulation was determined in SENP3 silenced or overexpressed hepatocytes with/without FFA in vitro. Confirming a role for SENP3, gene silencing was associated in vitro with amelioration of lipid accumulation and overexpression with enhancement of lipid accumulation...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
Nithya Raman, Elisabeth Weir, Stefan Müller
Biogenesis of translation-competent 80S ribosomes is a multi-step process requiring the sequential action of non-ribosomal trans-acting factors. We previously identified the human PELP1-TEX10-WDR18 complex and the associated SUMO isopeptidase SENP3 as regulators of 60S maturation. We provided evidence that deconjugating SUMO from PELP1 by SENP3 is instrumental for proper ribosome biogenesis. Here we show that SUMO conjugation/deconjugation of PELP1 controls its dynamic association with the AAA ATPase MDN1, a key factor of pre-60S remodeling...
November 3, 2016: Molecular Cell
Neha Kapila, Ankita Sharma, Amit Kishore, Monika Sodhi, Pawan K Tripathi, Ashok K Mohanty, Manishi Mukesh
The present study aims to identify the heat responsive genes and biological pathways in heat stressed buffalo mammary epithelial cells (MECs). The primary mammary epithelial cells of riverine buffalo were exposed to thermal stress at 42°C for one hour. The cells were subsequently allowed to recover at 37°C and harvested at different time intervals (30 min to 48 h) along with control samples (un-stressed). In order to assess the impact of heat stress in buffalo MECs, several in-vitro cellular parameters (lactate dehydrogenase activity, cell proliferation assay, cellular viability, cell death and apoptosis) and transcriptional studies were conducted...
2016: PloS One
Kathrin Kunz, Kristina Wagner, Luca Mendler, Soraya Hölper, Nathalie Dehne, Stefan Müller
Post-translational modification of proteins with ubiquitin-like SUMO modifiers is a tightly regulated and highly dynamic process. The SENP family of SUMO-specific isopeptidases comprises six cysteine proteases. They are instrumental in counterbalancing SUMO conjugation, but their regulation is not well understood. We demonstrate that in hypoxic cell extracts, the catalytic activity of SENP family members, in particular SENP1 and SENP3, is inhibited in a rapid and fully reversible process. Comparative mass spectrometry from normoxic and hypoxic cells defines a subset of hypoxia-induced SUMO1 targets, including SUMO ligases RanBP2 and PIAS2, glucose transporter 1, and transcriptional regulators...
September 13, 2016: Cell Reports
Franziska Wetzel, Sonnhild Mittag, Misael Cano-Cortina, Tobias Wagner, Oliver H Krämer, Rainer Niedenthal, Lorenza Gonzalez-Mariscal, Otmar Huber
The zonula occludens (ZO)-2 protein links tight junctional transmembrane proteins to the actin cytoskeleton and associates with splicing and transcription factors in the nucleus. Multiple posttranslational modifications control the intracellular distribution of ZO-2. Here, we report that ZO-2 is a target of the SUMOylation machinery and provide evidence on how this modification may affect its cellular distribution and function. We show that ZO-2 associates with the E2 SUMO-conjugating enzyme Ubc9 and with SUMO-deconjugating proteases SENP1 and SENP3...
January 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Z Zhou, M Wang, J Li, M Xiao, Y E Chin, J Cheng, E T H Yeh, J Yang, J Yi
Hyperphosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) has been found in various types of human cancers, including head and neck cancer (HNC). Although smoking is critical in the development and progression of HNC, how tobacco components activate STAT3 is unclear. We demonstrated that exposure of HNC cell lines to a tobacco extract induced a rapid Y705 phosphorylation of STAT3 and a rapid increase in the SUMO protease SENP3 that depended on a simultaneous increase in reactive oxygen species...
November 10, 2016: Oncogene
Jayonta Bhattacharjee, Sruthi Alahari, Julien Sallais, Andrea Tagliaferro, Martin Post, Isabella Caniggia
INTRODUCTION: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1A (HIF1A) stability is tightly regulated by hydroxylation and ubiquitination. Emerging evidence indicates that HIF1A is also controlled by the interplay between SUMO-specific ligases, which execute protein SUMOylation, and Sentrin/SUMO-specific proteases that de-SUMOylate target proteins. Given the significance of HIF1A in the human placenta, we investigated whether placental HIF1A is subject to SUMOylation in physiological and pathological conditions...
April 2016: Placenta
Andreia V Mendes, Cláudia P Grou, Jorge E Azevedo, Manuel P Pinto
Protein modification with the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is a reversible process regulating many central biological pathways. The reversibility of SUMOylation is ensured by SUMO proteases many of which belong to the sentrin/SUMO-specific protease (SENP) family. In recent years, many advances have been made in allocating SENPs to specific biological pathways. However, due to difficulties in obtaining recombinant full-length active SENPs for thorough enzymatic characterization, our knowledge on these proteases is still limited...
January 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Ming Wang, Jing Sang, Yanhua Ren, Kejia Liu, Xinyi Liu, Jian Zhang, Haolu Wang, Jian Wang, Amir Orian, Jie Yang, Jing Yi
SUMOylation is recently found to function as a targeting signal for the degradation of substrates through the ubiquitin-proteasome system. RNF4 is the most studied human SUMO-targeted ubiquitin E3 ligase. However, the relationship between SUMO proteases, SENPs, and RNF4 remains obscure. There are limited examples of the SENP regulation of SUMO2/3-targeted proteolysis mediated by RNF4. The present study investigated the role of SENP3 in the global protein turnover related to SUMO2/3-targeted ubiquitination and focused in particular on the SENP3 regulation of the stability of Sp1...
January 2016: Protein & Cell
Chun-Jie Huang, Di Wu, Faheem Ahmed Khan, Li-Jun Huo
Oocyte meiosis is a transcription quiescence process and the cell-cycle progression is coordinated by multiple post-translational modifications, including SUMOylation. SENP3 an important deSUMOylation protease has been intensively studied in ribosome biogenesis and oxidative stress. However, the roles of SENP3 in cell-cycle regulation remain enigmatic, particularly for oocyte meiotic maturation. Here, we found that SENP3 co-localized with spindles during oocyte meiosis and silencing of SENP3 severely compromised the M phase entry (germinal vesicle breakdown, GVBD) and first polar body extrusion (PBI)...
2015: Scientific Reports
Yi-Qing Yang, Hua Li, Xiang-Sheng Zhang, Wei Li, Li-Tian Huang, Zhuang Yu, Tian-Wei Jiang, Qiang Chen, Chun-Hua Hang
BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is one of the life-threatening diseases with high morbidity and mortality rates. SUMO-specific proteases 3 (SENP3), a member of the small ubiquitin-like modifier specific protease family, was identified as an isopeptidase that deconjugates SUMOylation (The covalent modification by SUMO) of modified protein substrates. It is reported that SUMO-2/3 conjugation, a member of SUMOylation, presented neuroprotection. The study aimed to evaluate the expression of SENP3 and to explore its potential role in SAH...
October 5, 2015: Brain Research
Wenqi Cui, Mengxi Sun, Nadezhda Galeva, Todd D Williams, Yoshiaki Azuma, Jeff L Staudinger
Several nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily members are known to be the molecular target of either the small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) or ubiquitin-signaling pathways. However, little is currently known regarding how these two post-translational modifications interact to control NR biology. We show that SUMO and ubiquitin circuitry coordinately modifies the pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2) to play a key role in regulating PXR protein stability, transactivation capacity, and transcriptional repression...
September 2015: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Junqin Li, Xinhua Li, Ruixia Hou, Ruifeng Liu, Xincheng Zhao, Feng Dong, Chunfang Wang, Guohua Yin, Kaiming Zhang
Psoriasis is mediated primarily by T cells, which reduce epidermal turnover time and affect keratinocyte proliferation. We aimed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEG) in T cells from normal, five pairs of monozygotic twins concordant or discordant for psoriasis, to determine whether these DEG may account for the influence to epidermal turnover time and keratinocyte proliferation. The impact of T cells on keratinocyte proliferation and epidermal turnover time were investigated separately by immunohistochemistry and cultured with (3) H-TdR...
September 2015: Journal of Dermatology
Zhuang Yu, Hua Li, Hui-Ying Yan, Yi-Qing Yang, Ding-Ding Zhang, Li-Tian Huang, Guang-Bin Xie, Ming Liu, Mamatemin Tohti, Chun-Hua Hang
SUMO-specific proteases 3 (SENP3) is a member of the small ubiquitin-like modifier-specific protease family and deconjugates SUMO2/3 from protein substrates. To date, the expression and function of SENP3 in traumatic brain injury (TBI) are unclear. The present study examined dynamic changes in SENP3 expression in the cerebral cortex and in its cellular localization, using an acute TBI model in adult mice. SENP3 expression was examined at 3, 6, 12, 24 h, 3, and 5 days after TBI using Western Blot analysis and quantitative real-time PCR...
July 2015: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Yi-qing Yang, Hua Li, Xiangsheng Zhang, Chun-xi Wang, Qing Sun, Song Li, Weide Li, Wei Li, Ke Ding, Ming Liu, Zhuang Yu, Chun-hua Hang
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is one of the life-threatening diseases with high morbidity and mortality rates. Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO)-specific proteases 3 (SENP3), a member of the SUMO-specific protease family, was identified as an isopeptidase that deconjugates SUMOylation (The covalent modification by SUMO) of modified protein substrates. It is reported that SUMO-2/3 conjugation, a member of SUMOylation, presented neuroprotection. The study aimed to evaluate the expression of SENP3 and to explore its role potential role in SAH...
April 2015: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Nithya Raman, Arnab Nayak, Stefan Muller
Ribosome biogenesis is a multistep cellular pathway that involves more than 200 regulatory components to ultimately generate translation-competent 80S ribosomes. The initial steps of this process, particularly rRNA processing, take place in the nucleolus, while later stages occur in the nucleoplasm and cytoplasm. One critical factor of 28S rRNA maturation is the SUMO-isopeptidase SENP3. SENP3 tightly interacts with the nucleolar scaffold protein NPM1 and is associated with nucleolar 60S preribosomes. A central question is how changes in energy supply feed into the regulation of ribosome maturation...
December 2014: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Yan-hua Ren, Ke-jia Liu, Ming Wang, Ya-nan Yu, Kai Yang, Qin Chen, Bin Yu, Wei Wang, Qi-wei Li, Jian Wang, Zhao-yuan Hou, Jing-yuan Fang, Edward T Yeh, Jie Yang, Jing Yi
The impact of cellular oxidative stress in promoting the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been noticed. Our previous study shows that SENP3, a redox-sensitive SUMO2/3-specific protease, accumulates in a variety of cancers, but whether SENP3 and SUMOylation involve in the regulation of EMT is unclear. The present study uncovers a novel role of SENP3 in promoting the EMT process in gastric cancer via regulating an EMT-inducing transcription factor, forkhead box C2 (FOXC2). We demonstrate that the expression of mesenchymal marker genes and cell migration ability are enhanced in SENP3-overexpressing gastric cancer cells and attenuated in SENP3-knockdown cells...
August 30, 2014: Oncotarget
Arnab Nayak, Sandra Viale-Bouroncle, Christian Morsczeck, Stefan Muller
The ubiquitin-like SUMO system regulates gene expression, but the molecular insights into this process are incomplete. We show that the SUMO-specific isopeptidase SENP3 controls H3K4 methylation by regulating histone-modifying SET1/MLL complexes. SET1/MLL complexes are composed of a histone methyltransferase and the regulatory components WDR5, RbBP5, Ash2L, and DPY-30. MLL1/MLL2 complexes contain menin as additional component and are particularly important for the activation of HOX genes. We demonstrate that SENP3 is associated with MLL1/MLL2 complexes and catalyzes deSUMOylation of RbBP5...
July 3, 2014: Molecular Cell
Chun Guo, Keri L Hildick, Jia Luo, Laura Dearden, Kevin A Wilkinson, Jeremy M Henley
Global increases in small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO)-2/3 conjugation are a neuroprotective response to severe stress but the mechanisms and specific target proteins that determine cell survival have not been identified. Here, we demonstrate that the SUMO-2/3-specific protease SENP3 is degraded during oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD), an in vitro model of ischaemia, via a pathway involving the unfolded protein response (UPR) kinase PERK and the lysosomal enzyme cathepsin B. A key target for SENP3-mediated deSUMOylation is the GTPase Drp1, which plays a major role in regulating mitochondrial fission...
May 29, 2013: EMBO Journal
Zujun Sun, Shuiqing Hu, Qingqiong Luo, Dongxia Ye, Dan Hu, Fuxiang Chen
Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) modification is an important post-translational protein modification that can be reversed by SUMO-specific proteases (SENPs); however, the physiological function of SENPs remains largely unexplored, and little is known about the regulation of SENPs themselves. As one of the crucial members of the SUMO system, SENP3 is essential for rRNA processing and cell proliferation. In the present study, we analysed the expression of SENP3 in human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and investigated the correlation between its expression and clinicopathological parameters in OSCC patients...
May 2013: Oncology Reports
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