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GIST surgery

Yoshiaki Maeda, Toshiki Shinohara, Tomonari Katayama, Akihisa Nagatsu, Noriaki Futakawa, Tomonori Hamada
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) of the stomach presenting as an intra-abdominal abscess are extremely rare. We herein report a case that underwent successful laparoscopic resection of gastric GIST presenting with an intra-abdominal abscess. A 70-year-old man presented with a 3-day history of acute upper abdominal pain with a fever. Laboratory data showed an elevated white blood cell count and C-reactive protein level. A CT scan revealed a mass of mixed solid and fluid components, measuring 5.5 cm, in the adjacent lesser curvature of the stomach...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Giuseppe Portale, Mariano De Vito, Alberto Morabito, Massimiliano Zuccaro, Valentino Fiscon
INTRODUCTION: Schwannomas are slow-growing tumors, rarely occurring in the GI tract. When found, their location is mostly in the stomach. Presentation in the small bowel is extremely rare, anecdotal. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 47-year old male who underwent laparoscopic elective left hemicolectomy for recurrent diverticulitis. RESULTS: At surgery an exophytic mass originating from the first jejunal loop was identified and resected, under the suspicion of a GIST...
July 8, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Ke-Kang Sun, Song Xu, Jinzhen Chen, Gang Liu, Xiaojun Shen, Xiaoyang Wu
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal neoplasms that arise in the gastrointestinal tract, accounting for ~1% of gastric malignancies. The present study reports the case of a GIST of the stomach in a 75-year-old man who presented with abdominal distension and anorexia for 1 month. Gastroscopy was unremarkable. Ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scans showed a giant intraabdominal cystic lesion of unknown origin. The lesion was initially believed to be a duplication cyst, a pancreatic pseudocyst or a liver cyst in the pre-operative diagnosis...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Peng Zhang, Rui Deng, Ke Liu, Xiao-Ming Shuai, Jie Bai, Wei-Long Chang, Jin-Bo Gao, Kai-Lin Cai, Guo-Bin Wang, Kai-Xiong Tao
OBJECTIVES: To investigate gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) clinicopathologic characteristics in young adults. METHODS: Clinicopathologic data from GIST patients under 35 years diagnosed at our hospital from January 2005 to December 2014 were retrospectively collected. RESULTS: Thirty-one (5.3%, 31/585) patients were included; 17 (54.8%) were female. The most common presentation and primary tumor site were gastrointestinal bleeding (n = 18, 58...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Bartosz Cybułka, Maciej Golański, Jacek Rapeła, Andrzej Wach
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is a rare pathology. GISTs account for 0.3-1% of all tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. At the same time, this type of cancer is the most common, malignant, non-epithelial tumor of the gastrointestinal tube. Over 90% of GISTs are found in the stomach and small intestine. This cancer usually develops without characteristic clinical symptoms and is diagnosed incidentally. This clinical situation, in which the first symptom of a GIST-pattern tumor includes a fully-symptomatic, non-complicated umbilical hernia, is an unprecedented anomaly...
September 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Ryuta Ide, Takahisa Suzuki, Yuji Takakura, Akihiko Oshita, Satoshi Ikeda, Yasuhiro Matsugu, Hideki Nakahara, Takashi Urushihara, Toshiyuki Itamoto, Katsunori Shinozaki
A 76-year-old woman with tarry stool was referred to our hospital for further examination. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography(CT)revealed a heterogeneous 15 cm tumor located in the left upper abdominal cavity. The tumor had a rich vascularity and was associated with intra-abdominal bleeding. Gastroscopy showed a large submucosal tumor in the gastric body. A biopsy was performed, and the patient was diagnosed with a c-kit-positive gastrointestinal stromal tumor(GIST)of the stomach. Imatinib mesylate(400mg/day)was administered for 6 months...
September 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Piotr Rutkowski, Daphne Hompes
Radical surgery is the mainstay of therapy for primary resectable, localized gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Nevertheless, approximately 40% to 50% of patients with potentially curative resections develop recurrent or metastatic disease. The introduction of imatinib mesylate has revolutionized the therapy of advanced (inoperable and/or metastatic) GIST and has become the standard of care in treatment of patients with advanced GIST. This article discusses the proper selection of candidates for adjuvant and neoadjuvant treatment in locally advanced GIST, exploring the available evidence behind the combination of preoperative imatinib and surgery...
October 2016: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
Minh Phan, Shari Jones, Justin Jenkins, Shubham Pant, Mohamad Khawandanah
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and usually occur in the stomach and the small intestine. The pancreas is an extremely rare primary site for GISTs and there are 25 reported cases of pancreatic GIST with most being treated with surgical resection. We describe a 52-year-old African-American female who was diagnosed with limited stage small cell carcinoma in November 2009 and treated with concurrent cisplatin/etoposide chemotherapy and radiation...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Anant Ramaswamy, Deepak Jain, Arvind Sahu, Joydeep Ghosh, Priya Prasad, Kedar Deodhar, Nitin Shetty, Shripad Banavali, Shailesh Shrikhande, Vikas Ostwal
BACKGROUND: Multimodality treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) with surgery and adjuvant imatinib mesylate (IM), along with an emerging role for neoadjuvant IM prior to evaluation for resectability has resulted in high survival rates. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of patients who underwent surgery for GIST, prior to or followed by IM therapy. A total of 112 patients underwent surgery between January 2009 and March 2015 at our centre...
August 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Silvia Quaresima, Andrea Balla, Luana Franceschilli, Marco La Torre, Corrado Iafrate, Mostafa Shalaby, Nicola Di Lorenzo, Pierpaolo Sileri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) has emerged as an alternative to transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM). The authors report their experience with TAMIS for the treatment of mid and high rectal tumors. METHODS: From November 2011 through May 2016, 31 patients (21 females, 68%), with a median age of 65 years who underwent single-port TAMIS were prospectively enrolled. Mean distance from the anal verge of the rectal tumors was 9...
July 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
A I Balde, Tao Chen, Yanfeng Hu, J D Redondo N, Hao Liu, Wei Gong, Jiang Yu, Li Zhen, Guoxin Li
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) is a safe alternative to endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for select gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) that are <2 cm in size. To date, there have been no randomized studies comparing the feasibility of these two techniques. Therefore, we compared their feasibility and safety using the propensity score matching method in this study. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective, propensity score-matched study of patients who underwent resection of selected gastric GISTs between 2004 and 2014...
August 4, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Toshirou Nishida, Osamu Goto, Chandrajit Premanand Raut, Naohisa Yahagi
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are considered to be potentially malignant mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Clinically relevant GISTs are rare; however, subclinical GISTs (mini-GISTs) (1-2 cm) and pathologic GISTs (micro-GISTs) (<1 cm) are frequently reported. Most mini-GISTs and almost all micro-GISTs of the stomach may exhibit benign clinical behavior, and only mini-GISTs with high-risk features may progress. For this review, a provisional algorithm was used to propose diagnostic and treatment strategies for patients with small GISTs...
October 15, 2016: Cancer
Jin Hu, Brian Ho Nam Or, Kai Hu, Ming Liang Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic resection (LR) is increasingly performed for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). The aim of this study is to investigate the short-term outcomes and therapeutic effects of LR compared to open resection (OR) of gastric GISTs. METHODS: During 2009-2014, a prospective cohort of 200 patients with gastric GISTs indicated for resection underwent LR and OR procedures in three centers in Shanghai. Patient demographics, peri-operative complications, and clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Eri Maeda, Masao Fujiwara, Hironobu Suto, Eisuke Asano, Takayoshi Kishino, Naoki Yamamoto, Shintaro Akamoto, Keiichi Okano, Hideki Kobara, Hirohito Mori, Tsutomu Masaki, Yasuyuki Suzuki
The typical treatment of choice for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) is surgical resection. Here we report a case of three GIST lesions resected safely by laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS). A 78-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for further treatment of an enlarging gastric submucosal tumor. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography revealed two gastric submucosal tumors. Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration was subsequently performed. The patient underwent LECS in accordance with therapeutic guidelines for GIST...
July 29, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
S G Shapoval'yants, R V Plakhov, A I Mikhalev, E D Fedorov, L M Mikhaleva, Z V Galkova, E E Ernazarov, E V Gorbachev
AIM: to evaluate objectively the effectiveness of currently used diagnostic and curative approaches to gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Early and remote results of treatment of 49 patients with gastric GISTs were presented. Herewith in 20 (40.8%) patients the disease was complicated by gastrointestinal bleeding. 43 (87.7%) of 49 patients with gastric GIST were operated. Conventional surgery was performed in 24 (55.8%) cases, laparoscopic interventions - in 12 (28%) cases, endoscopic endoluminal - in 7 (16...
2016: Khirurgiia
Michael Stotz, Bernadette Liegl-Atzwanger, Florian Posch, Edvin Mrsic, Michael Thalhammer, Tatjana Stojakovic, Angelika Bezan, Martin Pichler, Armin Gerger, Joanna Szkandera
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory blood count biomarkers may improve recurrence risk stratification and inform long-term prognosis of cancer patients. Here, we quantify the prognostic impact of blood-based biomarkers on recurrence risk and long-term survival in a large cohort of gastrointestinal stroma tumor (GIST) patients after curative surgery. METHODS: One-hundred-forty-nine consecutive GIST patients were followed-up for a median period of 4.8 years. Local recurrence, distant metastasis, and death occurred in 9, 21, and 31 patients, respectively...
2016: PloS One
Takahito Sugase, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Seiichi Hirota, Toru Masuzawa, Toshirou Nishida, Yutaka Kimura, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tomoki Makino, Yukinori Kurokawa, Makoto Yamasaki, Shuji Takiguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: Duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are a rare subset of GISTs (3-5%), and their clinicopathological features have not been fully described. The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine these characteristics and compare the operative procedures. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with duodenal GIST underwent complete resection, local resection (LR) or pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) from 1990 to 2014 at our 2 hospitals. We analyzed patient characteristics, treatments, histological examinations, postoperative complications and survival outcomes...
2016: Digestion
Ryota Niikura, Takako Serizawa, Atsuo Yamada, Shuntaro Yoshida, Mariko Tanaka, Yoshihiro Hirata, Kazuhiko Koike
The number of cancer patients undergoing dialysis has been increasing, and the number of these patients on chemotherapy is also increasing. Imatinib is an effective and safe therapy for KIT-positive gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), but the efficacy and safety of imatinib in dialysis patients remain unclear. Because clinical trials have not been conducted in this population, more investigations are required. We report on a 75-year-old Japanese man undergoing dialysis who presented with massive tarry stool from a duodenal GIST...
January 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Andrés Navarrete, Dulce Momblán, Raúl Almenara, Antonio Lacy
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) represent 0.1-3 % of gastrointestinal malignancy. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment, but in high-risk tumors, imatinib can help to achieve better oncological outcomes. We present a rare case of a patient with gastric GIST with very aggressive evolution in a short period of time despite the use of neoadjuvant therapy with imatinib.
July 6, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Makoto Tomatsu, Jun Isogaki, Takahiro Watanabe, Kiyoshige Yajima, Takuya Okumura, Kimihiro Yamashita, Kenji Suzuki, Akihiro Kawabe, Akira Komiyama, Seiichi Hirota
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are relatively common in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF 1) patients. Approximately 90% of GISTs associated with NF 1 are located in the small intestine, while sporadic GISTs are most commonly located in the stomach. Here we report an extremely rare case of an NF 1 patient with multiple gastric GITs (90 or more) but without multiple small intestinal tumors. A 63-year-old female patient who had a history of NF 1 underwent surgery for a gastric neuroendocrine tumor and gastric submucosal tumor (SMT)...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
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