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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774112/rare-genetic-heterogeneity-within-single-tumor-discovered-for-the-first-time-in-colorectal-liver-metastases-after-liver-resection
#1
Mylène Sebagh, Nelly Bosselut, Alexandre Dos Santos, Marc-Antoine Allard, Aldrick Ruiz, Raphaël Saffroy, Daniel Cherqui, Eric Vibert, Denis Castaing, René Adam, Antonio Sa Cunha, Antoinette Lemoine
Effective individualized treatment of patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM) requires tumor genotyping, usually based on the analysis of one single sample per patient. Therapy failure may partially be explained by sampling errors and/or intratumoral genetic heterogeneity. We aimed to demonstrate intratumoral genetic heterogeneity in CLM and enable pathologists to select tumor tissue for genotyping. All the tumors of 86 patients who underwent liver resection for a single CLM were reviewed. Of the 86 patients, 66 patients received chemotherapy and 20 patients did not receive chemotherapy before liver resection...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764657/does-host-plant-adaptation-lead-to-pesticide-resistance-in-generalist-herbivores
#2
REVIEW
Wannes Dermauw, Adam Pym, Chris Bass, Thomas Van Leeuwen, René Feyereisen
Most herbivorous arthropods feed on one or a few closely related plant species; however, certain insect and mite species have a greatly expanded host range. Several of these generalists also show a remarkable propensity to evolve resistance to chemical pesticides. In this review, we ask if the evolution of mechanisms to tolerate the diversity of plant secondary metabolites that generalist herbivores encounter, has pre-adapted them to resist synthetic pesticides. Critical examination of the evidence suggests that a generalist life-style per se is not a predictor of rapid resistance evolution to pesticides...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746403/amish-eye-study-baseline-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-characteristics-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#3
Muneeswar G Nittala, Yeunjoo E Song, Rebecca Sardell, Larry D Adams, Samuel Pan, Swetha B Velaga, Violet Horst, Debra Dana, Laura Caywood, Renee Laux, Denise Fuzzell, Sarada Fuzzell, William K Scott, Jessica N Cooke Bailey, Robert P Igo, Jonathan Haines, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, SriniVas R Sadda, Dwight Stambolian
PURPOSE: To describe spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings in an Amish cohort to assess SD-OCT markers for early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: The authors performed a family-based prospective cohort study of 1,146 elderly Amish subjects (age range 50-99 years) (2,292 eyes) who had a family history of at least 1 individual with AMD. All subjects underwent complete ophthalmic examinations, SD-OCT using both Cirrus and Spectralis (20 × 20° scan area) instruments, fundus autofluorescence, infrared imaging, and color fundus photography...
May 9, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746225/clinical-radiologic-pathologic-and-molecular-characteristics-of-long-term-survivors-of-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma-dipg-a-collaborative-report-from-the-international-and-european-society-for-pediatric-oncology-dipg-registries
#4
Lindsey M Hoffman, Sophie E M Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Niclas Colditz, Joshua Baugh, Brooklyn Chaney, Marion Hoffmann, Adam Lane, Christine Fuller, Lili Miles, Cynthia Hawkins, Ute Bartels, Eric Bouffet, Stewart Goldman, Sarah Leary, Nicholas K Foreman, Roger Packer, Katherine E Warren, Alberto Broniscer, Mark W Kieran, Jane Minturn, Melanie Comito, Emmett Broxson, Chie-Schin Shih, Soumen Khatua, Murali Chintagumpala, Anne Sophie Carret, Nancy Yanez Escorza, Timothy Hassall, David S Ziegler, Nicholas Gottardo, Hetal Dholaria, Renee Doughman, Martin Benesch, Rachid Drissi, Javad Nazarian, Nada Jabado, Nathalie Boddaert, Pascale Varlet, Géraldine Giraud, David Castel, Stephanie Puget, Chris Jones, Esther Hulleman, Piergiorgio Modena, Marzia Giagnacovo, Manila Antonelli, Torsten Pietsch, Gerrit H Gielen, David T W Jones, Dominik Sturm, Stefan M Pfister, Nicolas U Gerber, Michael A Grotzer, Elke Pfaff, André O von Bueren, Darren Hargrave, Guirish A Solanki, Filip Jadrijevic Cvrlje, Gertjan J L Kaspers, William P Vandertop, Jacques Grill, Simon Bailey, Veronica Biassoni, Maura Massimino, Raphaël Calmon, Esther Sanchez, Brigitte Bison, Monika Warmuth-Metz, James Leach, Blaise Jones, Dannis G van Vuurden, Christof M Kramm, Maryam Fouladi
Purpose Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a brainstem malignancy with a median survival of < 1 year. The International and European Society for Pediatric Oncology DIPG Registries collaborated to compare clinical, radiologic, and histomolecular characteristics between short-term survivors (STSs) and long-term survivors (LTSs). Materials and Methods Data abstracted from registry databases included patients from North America, Australia, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Italy, France, the United Kingdom, and Croatia...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731288/the-impact-of-drug-policy-liberalisation-on-willingness-to-seek-help-for-problem-drug-use-a-comparison-of-20-countries
#5
Isabella Benfer, Renee Zahnow, Monica J Barratt, Larissa Maier, Adam Winstock, Jason Ferris
BACKGROUND: While the impact of changing drug policies on rates of drug use has been investigated, research into how help-seeking behaviour changes as drug policies become more public-health focused is limited. This paper investigates reported changes in confidence to utilise drug services following hypothetical changes in national drug policy among a sample of individuals who report recent illicit drug use. We predict that liberalising national drug policy will increase the propensity for people who take illegal drugs to utilise health services...
May 3, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720862/split-versus-single-dose-preparation-tolerability-in-a-multiethnic-population-decreased-side-effects-but-greater-social-barriers
#6
Gabriel Perreault, Adam Goodman, Sebastian Larion, Ahana Sen, Kirsten Quiles, Michael Poles, Renee Williams
Background: This study was performed to compare patient-reported tolerability and its barriers in single- vs. split-dose 4-L polyethylene glycol (PEG) bowel preparation for colonoscopy in a large multiethnic, safety-net patient population. Methods: A cross-sectional, dual-center study using a multi-language survey was used to collect patient-reported demographic, medical, socioeconomic, and tolerability data from patients undergoing outpatient colonoscopy. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify demographic and clinical factors significantly associated with patient-reported bowel preparation tolerability...
May 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706807/frequency-of-psychological-distress-in-gynecologic-cancer-patients-seen-in-a-large-urban-medical-center
#7
Hannah F Cassedy, Christy Tucker, Linda S Hynan, Renee Phillips, Cassandra Adams, Marian R Zimmerman, Sandra Pitts, Paula Miltenberger, C Allen Stringer
Psychological distress in cancer is a well-documented phenomenon, but additional information is needed about demographic and disease correlates in diverse populations with different forms of cancer. This study focused on gynecologic cancers. Using the Distress Thermometer and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, this study examined distress levels in 94 women with gynecologic cancer who were being treated as outpatients at a large urban medical center. The distress levels in this sample were lower than in comparable studies, raising questions about openness to reporting distress...
April 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699933/h-10-due-to-scattered-radiation-on-the-cancer-patient-bodies-treated-with-tomotherapy
#8
Hector Rene Vega-Carrillo, Angelica Esparza-Hernandez, Mayra G Garcia-Reyna, Eric Reyes Rivera, Luis Hernandez-Adame, Teodoro Rivera
The ambient dose equivalent has been measured on the walls of a bunker with a 6 MV TomoLINAC, which was designed to have a conventional 18 MV LINAC. The ambient dose equivalent is due to scattered photons on patient bodies during cancer treatment. Measurements were carried out with thermoluminescent dosimeters that were fixed, at the isocentre plane, on the primary and secondary barriers, the maze, and on the TomoLINAC surface. Measurements were repeated three times, in each time dosimeters were on place during seven working days, where approximately 50 patients were treated per day...
April 6, 2018: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674184/socioeconomic-disparities-in-smoking-among-u-s-adults-with-depression-2005-2014
#9
Andrea H Weinberger, Frank C Bandiera, Adam M Leventhal, Lisa C Dierker, Misato Gbedemah, Jennifer W Tidey, Renee D Goodwin
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to estimate changes in the cigarette smoking prevalence among U.S. adults with and without depression from 2005 to 2014 by income and education level and overall. METHODS: This study examined data from adult respondents (aged ≥18 years) in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an annual cross-sectional study of U.S. individuals. Data from the years 2005 to 2014 were analyzed for a total analytic sample of n=378,733...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669343/major-hepatectomy-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-in-patients-aged-over-80-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#10
Vito De Blasi, Riccardo Memeo, René Adam, Diane Goéré, Daniel Cherqui, Jean Marc Regimbeau, Michel Rivoire, Laura Ornella Perotto, Francis Navarro, Antonio Sa Cunha, Patrick Pessaux
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of major hepatectomies for metastasis in elderly colorectal cancer patients, for whom limited data exist in the literature. METHODS: From January 2006 to January 2013, 3,034 patients underwent hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastasis in 32 French surgical centers. Repeat hepatectomies were excluded from the study. Based on a 1: 4 propensity score matching model, 42 patients aged ≥80 (OG) were matched with 168 patients <80 years (YG) in order to obtain 2 well-balanced and homogeneous groups with regards to therapy and prognostic factors...
April 17, 2018: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622402/vascular-invasion-and-survival-after-liver-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-study-from-the-european-liver-transplant-registry
#11
Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Andreas A Rostved, René Adam, Lau C Thygesen, Mauro Salizzoni, Miguel A Gómez Bravo, Daniel Cherqui, Franco Filipponi, Karim Boudjema, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Olivier Soubrane, Juan C García-Valdecasas, Joan F Prous, Antonio D Pinna, John O'Grady, Vincent Karam, Christophe Duvoux, Allan Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that vascular invasion may be a superior prognostic marker compared with traditional selection criteria, e.g. Milan criteria. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of micro and macrovascular invasion in a large database material. METHODS: Patients liver transplanted for HCC and cirrhosis registered in the European Liver Transplant Registry (ELTR) database were included. The association between the Milan criteria, Up-to-seven criteria and vascular invasion with overall survival and HCC specific survival was investigated with univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses...
April 2, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614392/injecting-drug-use-gendered-risk
#12
Renee Zahnow, Adam R Winstock, Larissa J Maier, Jay Levy, Jason Ferris
BACKGROUND: Research demonstrates gender related differences in drug-use practices and risk behaviours. Females' structural vulnerability stemming from traditional gender roles and gender-power relations may enhance their propensity to experience injecting related risk. In this paper we explore gender differences in injection practices at the initiation event, during the first year of injecting and in the most recent 12-month period, to inform more effective harm reduction strategies...
March 31, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603426/improved-conventional-pcr-assay-for-detecting-tetracapsuloides-bryosalmonae-dna-in-fish-tissues
#13
Patrick R Hutchins, Adam J Sepulveda, Renee M Martin, Lacey R Hopper
Conventional PCR is an established method to detect Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonaeDNA in fish tissues and to confirm diagnosis of proliferative kidney disease (PKD) caused by T. bryosalmonae. However, the commonly used PKX5f-6r primers were designed with the intention of obtaining sequence information and are suboptimal for determining parasite DNA presence. A new PCR assay to detect T. bryosalmonae 18s rDNA, PKX18s1266f-1426r, is presented that demonstrates specificity, repeatability, and enhanced sensitivity over the PKX5f-6r assay...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556105/discovery-of-enzymes-for-toluene-synthesis-from-anoxic-microbial-communities
#14
Harry R Beller, Andria V Rodrigues, Kamrun Zargar, Yu-Wei Wu, Avneesh K Saini, Renee M Saville, Jose H Pereira, Paul D Adams, Susannah G Tringe, Christopher J Petzold, Jay D Keasling
Microbial toluene biosynthesis was reported in anoxic lake sediments more than three decades ago, but the enzyme catalyzing this biochemically challenging reaction has never been identified. Here we report the toluene-producing enzyme PhdB, a glycyl radical enzyme of bacterial origin that catalyzes phenylacetate decarboxylation, and its cognate activating enzyme PhdA, a radical S-adenosylmethionine enzyme, discovered in two distinct anoxic microbial communities that produce toluene. The unconventional process of enzyme discovery from a complex microbial community (>300,000 genes), rather than from a microbial isolate, involved metagenomics- and metaproteomics-enabled biochemistry, as well as in vitro confirmation of activity with recombinant enzymes...
March 19, 2018: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549330/publisher-correction-protein-altering-variants-associated-with-body-mass-index-implicate-pathways-that-control-energy-intake-and-expenditure-in-obesity
#15
Valérie Turcot, Yingchang Lu, Heather M Highland, Claudia Schurmann, Anne E Justice, Rebecca S Fine, Jonathan P Bradfield, Tõnu Esko, Ayush Giri, Mariaelisa Graff, Xiuqing Guo, Audrey E Hendricks, Tugce Karaderi, Adelheid Lempradl, Adam E Locke, Anubha Mahajan, Eirini Marouli, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Kristin L Young, Tamuno Alfred, Mary F Feitosa, Nicholas G D Masca, Alisa K Manning, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Poorva Mudgal, Maggie C Y Ng, Alex P Reiner, Sailaja Vedantam, Sara M Willems, Thomas W Winkler, Gonçalo Abecasis, Katja K Aben, Dewan S Alam, Sameer E Alharthi, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul L Auer, Beverley Balkau, Lia E Bang, Inês Barroso, Lisa Bastarache, Marianne Benn, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A Böger, Jette Bork-Jensen, Michiel L Bots, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Gerome Breen, Murray H Brilliant, Linda Broer, Marco Brumat, Amber A Burt, Adam S Butterworth, Peter T Campbell, Stefania Cappellani, David J Carey, Eulalia Catamo, Mark J Caulfield, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der I Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y Chu, Massimiliano Cocca, Francis S Collins, James P Cook, Janie Corley, Jordi Corominas Galbany, Amanda J Cox, David S Crosslin, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Angela D'Eustacchio, John Danesh, Gail Davies, Paul I W Bakker, Mark C H Groot, Renée Mutsert, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Ellen W Demerath, Martin Heijer, Anneke I Hollander, Hester M Ruijter, Joe G Dennis, Josh C Denny, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Fotios Drenos, Mengmeng Du, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Todd L Edwards, David Ellinghaus, Patrick T Ellinor, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, I Sadaf Farooqi, Jessica D Faul, Sascha Fauser, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C Florez, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Oscar H Franco, Andre Franke, Paul W Franks, Nele Friedrich, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Tessel E Galesloot, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Jane Gibson, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Anette P Gjesing, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Mathias Gorski, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Struan F A Grant, Niels Grarup, Helen L Griffiths, Megan L Grove, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefan Gustafsson, Jeff Haessler, Hakon Hakonarson, Anke R Hammerschlag, Torben Hansen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Tamara B Harris, Andrew T Hattersley, Christian T Have, Caroline Hayward, Liang He, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Andrew C Heath, Iris M Heid, Øyvind Helgeland, Jussi Hernesniemi, Alex W Hewitt, Oddgeir L Holmen, G Kees Hovingh, Joanna M M Howson, Yao Hu, Paul L Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, M Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U Jackson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Gail P Jarvik, Gorm B Jensen, Yucheng Jia, Stefan Johansson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Bratati Kahali, René S Kahn, Mika Kähönen, Pia R Kamstrup, Stavroula Kanoni, Jaakko Kaprio, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Sekar Kathiresan, Frank Kee, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Eric Kim, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Peter Kovacs, Helena Kuivaniemi, Zoltán Kutalik, Kari Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, David Lamparter, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B Larson, Nanette R Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Honghuang Lin, Keng-Hung Lin, Li-An Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Dajiang J Liu, Yongmei Liu, Ken S Lo, Artitaya Lophatananon, Andrew J Lotery, Anu Loukola, Jian'an Luan, Steven A Lubitz, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Angela L Mazul, Mark I McCarthy, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Sarah E Medland, Karina Meidtner, Lili Milani, Vanisha Mistry, Paul Mitchell, Karen L Mohlke, Leena Moilanen, Marie Moitry, Grant W Montgomery, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Carmel Moore, Trevor A Mori, Andrew D Morris, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Patricia B Munroe, Mike A Nalls, Narisu Narisu, Christopher P Nelson, Matt Neville, Sune F Nielsen, Kjell Nikus, Pål R Njølstad, Børge G Nordestgaard, Dale R Nyholt, Jeffrey R O'Connel, Michelle L O'Donoghue, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Roel A Ophoff, Katharine R Owen, Chris J Packard, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Colin N A Palmer, Nicholette D Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Aniruddh P Patel, Alison Pattie, Oluf Pedersen, Peggy L Peissig, Gina M Peloso, Craig E Pennell, Markus Perola, James A Perry, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Thomas N Person, Annette Peters, Eva R B Petersen, Patricia A Peyser, Ailith Pirie, Ozren Polasek, Tinca J Polderman, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F Reilly, Frida Renström, Myriam Rheinberger, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Manuel A Rivas, David J Roberts, Neil R Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Olov Rolandsson, Igor Rudan, Katherine S Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Yadav Sapkota, Naveed Sattar, Robert E Schoen, Pamela J Schreiner, Matthias B Schulze, Robert A Scott, Marcelo P Segura-Lepe, Svati H Shah, Wayne H-H Sheu, Xueling Sim, Andrew J Slater, Kerrin S Small, Albert V Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D Spector, Elizabeth K Speliotes, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen E Stirrups, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Liang Sun, Praveen Surendran, Amy J Swift, Hayato Tada, Katherine E Tansey, Jean-Claude Tardif, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Gerard Tromp, Stella Trompet, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Jonathan P Tyrer, Rudolf Uher, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Sander W Laan, Cornelia M Duijn, Nienke Leeuwen, Jessica van Setten, Mauno Vanhala, Anette Varbo, Tibor V Varga, Rohit Varma, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sita H Vermeulen, Giovanni Veronesi, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F Vogt, Uwe Völker, Dragana Vuckovic, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Mark Walker, Lars Wallentin, Feijie Wang, Carol A Wang, Shuai Wang, Yiqin Wang, Erin B Ware, Nicholas J Wareham, Helen R Warren, Dawn M Waterworth, Jennifer Wessel, Harvey D White, Cristen J Willer, James G Wilson, Daniel R Witte, Andrew R Wood, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Pang Yao, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhou, Krina T Zondervan, Jerome I Rotter, John A Pospisilik, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Timothy M Frayling, Guillaume Lettre, Kari E North, Cecilia M Lindgren, Joel N Hirschhorn, Ruth J F Loos
In the version of this article originally published, one of the two authors with the name Wei Zhao was omitted from the author list and the affiliations for both authors were assigned to the single Wei Zhao in the author list. In addition, the ORCID for Wei Zhao (Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA) was incorrectly assigned to author Wei Zhou. The errors have been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
March 16, 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549329/publisher-correction-protein-altering-variants-associated-with-body-mass-index-implicate-pathways-that-control-energy-intake-and-expenditure-in-obesity
#16
Valérie Turcot, Yingchang Lu, Heather M Highland, Claudia Schurmann, Anne E Justice, Rebecca S Fine, Jonathan P Bradfield, Tõnu Esko, Ayush Giri, Mariaelisa Graff, Xiuqing Guo, Audrey E Hendricks, Tugce Karaderi, Adelheid Lempradl, Adam E Locke, Anubha Mahajan, Eirini Marouli, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Kristin L Young, Tamuno Alfred, Mary F Feitosa, Nicholas G D Masca, Alisa K Manning, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Poorva Mudgal, Maggie C Y Ng, Alex P Reiner, Sailaja Vedantam, Sara M Willems, Thomas W Winkler, Gonçalo Abecasis, Katja K Aben, Dewan S Alam, Sameer E Alharthi, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul L Auer, Beverley Balkau, Lia E Bang, Inês Barroso, Lisa Bastarache, Marianne Benn, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A Böger, Jette Bork-Jensen, Michiel L Bots, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Gerome Breen, Murray H Brilliant, Linda Broer, Marco Brumat, Amber A Burt, Adam S Butterworth, Peter T Campbell, Stefania Cappellani, David J Carey, Eulalia Catamo, Mark J Caulfield, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der I Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y Chu, Massimiliano Cocca, Francis S Collins, James P Cook, Janie Corley, Jordi Corominas Galbany, Amanda J Cox, David S Crosslin, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Angela D'Eustacchio, John Danesh, Gail Davies, Paul I W Bakker, Mark C H Groot, Renée Mutsert, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Ellen W Demerath, Martin Heijer, Anneke I Hollander, Hester M Ruijter, Joe G Dennis, Josh C Denny, Emanuele Angelantonio, Fotios Drenos, Mengmeng Du, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Todd L Edwards, David Ellinghaus, Patrick T Ellinor, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, I Sadaf Farooqi, Jessica D Faul, Sascha Fauser, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C Florez, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Oscar H Franco, Andre Franke, Paul W Franks, Nele Friedrich, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Tessel E Galesloot, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Jane Gibson, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Anette P Gjesing, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Mathias Gorski, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Struan F A Grant, Niels Grarup, Helen L Griffiths, Megan L Grove, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefan Gustafsson, Jeff Haessler, Hakon Hakonarson, Anke R Hammerschlag, Torben Hansen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Tamara B Harris, Andrew T Hattersley, Christian T Have, Caroline Hayward, Liang He, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Andrew C Heath, Iris M Heid, Øyvind Helgeland, Jussi Hernesniemi, Alex W Hewitt, Oddgeir L Holmen, G Kees Hovingh, Joanna M M Howson, Yao Hu, Paul L Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, M Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U Jackson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Gail P Jarvik, Gorm B Jensen, Yucheng Jia, Stefan Johansson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Bratati Kahali, René S Kahn, Mika Kähönen, Pia R Kamstrup, Stavroula Kanoni, Jaakko Kaprio, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Sekar Kathiresan, Frank Kee, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Eric Kim, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Peter Kovacs, Helena Kuivaniemi, Zoltán Kutalik, Kari Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, David Lamparter, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B Larson, Nanette R Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Honghuang Lin, Keng-Hung Lin, Li-An Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Dajiang J Liu, Yongmei Liu, Ken S Lo, Artitaya Lophatananon, Andrew J Lotery, Anu Loukola, Jian'an Luan, Steven A Lubitz, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Angela L Mazul, Mark I McCarthy, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Sarah E Medland, Karina Meidtner, Lili Milani, Vanisha Mistry, Paul Mitchell, Karen L Mohlke, Leena Moilanen, Marie Moitry, Grant W Montgomery, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Carmel Moore, Trevor A Mori, Andrew D Morris, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Patricia B Munroe, Mike A Nalls, Narisu Narisu, Christopher P Nelson, Matt Neville, Sune F Nielsen, Kjell Nikus, Pål R Njølstad, Børge G Nordestgaard, Dale R Nyholt, Jeffrey R O'Connel, Michelle L O'Donoghue, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Roel A Ophoff, Katharine R Owen, Chris J Packard, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Colin N A Palmer, Nicholette D Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Aniruddh P Patel, Alison Pattie, Oluf Pedersen, Peggy L Peissig, Gina M Peloso, Craig E Pennell, Markus Perola, James A Perry, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Thomas N Person, Annette Peters, Eva R B Petersen, Patricia A Peyser, Ailith Pirie, Ozren Polasek, Tinca J Polderman, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F Reilly, Frida Renström, Myriam Rheinberger, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Manuel A Rivas, David J Roberts, Neil R Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Olov Rolandsson, Igor Rudan, Katherine S Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Yadav Sapkota, Naveed Sattar, Robert E Schoen, Pamela J Schreiner, Matthias B Schulze, Robert A Scott, Marcelo P Segura-Lepe, Svati H Shah, Wayne H-H Sheu, Xueling Sim, Andrew J Slater, Kerrin S Small, Albert V Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D Spector, Elizabeth K Speliotes, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen E Stirrups, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Liang Sun, Praveen Surendran, Amy J Swift, Hayato Tada, Katherine E Tansey, Jean-Claude Tardif, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Gerard Tromp, Stella Trompet, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Jonathan P Tyrer, Rudolf Uher, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Sander W Laan, Cornelia M Duijn, Nienke Leeuwen, Jessica van Setten, Mauno Vanhala, Anette Varbo, Tibor V Varga, Rohit Varma, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sita H Vermeulen, Giovanni Veronesi, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F Vogt, Uwe Völker, Dragana Vuckovic, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Mark Walker, Lars Wallentin, Feijie Wang, Carol A Wang, Shuai Wang, Yiqin Wang, Erin B Ware, Nicholas J Wareham, Helen R Warren, Dawn M Waterworth, Jennifer Wessel, Harvey D White, Cristen J Willer, James G Wilson, Daniel R Witte, Andrew R Wood, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Pang Yao, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhou, Krina T Zondervan, Jerome I Rotter, John A Pospisilik, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Timothy M Frayling, Guillaume Lettre, Kari E North, Cecilia M Lindgren, Joel N Hirschhorn, Ruth J F Loos
In the published version of this paper, the name of author Emanuele Di Angelantonio was misspelled. This error has now been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
March 16, 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537289/large-animal-models-of-stroke-and-traumatic-brain-injury-as-translational-tools
#17
Annabel Jain Sorby-Adams, Robert Vink, Renee Jade Turner
Acute central nervous system injury, encompassing traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke, accounts for a significant burden of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Studies in animal models have greatly enhanced our understanding of the complex pathophysiology that underlies TBI and stroke and enabled the pre-clinical screening of over 1000 novel therapeutic agents. Despite this, the translation of novel therapeutics from experimental models to clinical therapies has been extremely poor. One potential explanation for this poor clinical translation is the choice of experimental model, given that the majority of pre-clinical TBI and ischemic stroke studies have been conducted in small animals, such as rodents, which have small lissencephalic brains...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523839/annotation-of-the-corymbia-terpene-synthase-gene-family-shows-broad-conservation-but-dynamic-evolution-of-physical-clusters-relative-to-eucalyptus
#18
Jakob B Butler, Jules S Freeman, Brad M Potts, René E Vaillancourt, Dario Grattapaglia, Orzenil B Silva-Junior, Blake A Simmons, Adam L Healey, Jeremy Schmutz, Kerrie W Barry, David J Lee, Robert J Henry, Graham J King, Abdul Baten, Mervyn Shepherd
Terpenes are economically and ecologically important phytochemicals. Their synthesis is controlled by the terpene synthase (TPS) gene family, which is highly diversified throughout the plant kingdom. The plant family Myrtaceae are characterised by especially high terpene concentrations, and considerable variation in terpene profiles. Many Myrtaceae are grown commercially for terpene products including the eucalypts Corymbia and Eucalyptus. Eucalyptus grandis has the largest TPS gene family of plants currently sequenced, which is largely conserved in the closely related E...
March 10, 2018: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509585/arterial-lactate-concentration-at-the-end-of-liver-transplantation-is-an-early-predictor-of-primary-graft-dysfunction
#19
Nicolas Golse, Nicola Guglielmo, Albert El Metni, Fabio Frosio, Cyril Cosse, Salima Naili, Philippe Ichaï, Oriana Ciacio, Gabriella Pittau, Marc-Antoine Allard, Denis Castaing, Antonio S A Cunha, Daniel Cherqui, René Adam, Eric Vibert
BACKGROUND: Although many prognostic factors of primary graft dysfunction after liver transplantation (LT) are available, it remains difficult to predict failure in a given recipient. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether the intraoperative assay of arterial lactate concentration at the end of LT (LCEOT) might constitute a reliable biological test to predict early outcomes [primary nonfunction (PNF), early graft dysfunction (EAD)]. METHODS: We reviewed data from a prospective database in a single center concerning patients transplanted between January 2015 and December 2016 (n = 296)...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505674/outcomes-of-left-split-graft-transplantation-in-europe-report-from-the-european-liver-transplant-registry
#20
Roberta Angelico, Alessandra Nardi, René Adam, Silvio Nadalin, Wojciech G Polak, Vincent Karam, Roberto I Troisi, Paolo Muiesan
Split liver transplantation (SLT) has been widely adopted across Europe, resulting in remarkable reduction in the paediatric waiting-list mortality. Left split graft (LSG) is commonly used for paediatric recipients; however, deceased donor criteria selection are not universal. The aim of this study was to analyse the LSG outcome from the European Liver Transplant Registry and to identify risk factors for graft failure. Data from 1500 children transplanted in 2006-2014 with LSG from deceased donors were retrospectively analysed...
March 5, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
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