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Annabel Jain Sorby-Adams, Robert Vink, Renee Jade Turner
Acute central nervous system injury, encompassing traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke, accounts for a significant burden of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Studies in animal models have greatly enhanced our understanding of the complex pathophysiology that underlies TBI and stroke and enabled the pre-clinical screening of over 1000 novel therapeutic agents. Despite this, the translation of novel therapeutics from experimental models to clinical therapies has been extremely poor. One potential explanation for this poor clinical translation is the choice of experimental model, given that the majority of pre-clinical TBI and ischemic stroke studies have been conducted in small animals, such as rodents, which have small lissencephalic brains...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Jakob B Butler, Jules S Freeman, Brad M Potts, René E Vaillancourt, Dario Grattapaglia, Orzenil B Silva-Junior, Blake A Simmons, Adam L Healey, Jeremy Schmutz, Kerrie W Barry, David J Lee, Robert J Henry, Graham J King, Abdul Baten, Mervyn Shepherd
Terpenes are economically and ecologically important phytochemicals. Their synthesis is controlled by the terpene synthase (TPS) gene family, which is highly diversified throughout the plant kingdom. The plant family Myrtaceae are characterised by especially high terpene concentrations, and considerable variation in terpene profiles. Many Myrtaceae are grown commercially for terpene products including the eucalypts Corymbia and Eucalyptus. Eucalyptus grandis has the largest TPS gene family of plants currently sequenced, which is largely conserved in the closely related E...
March 10, 2018: Heredity
Nicolas Golse, Nicola Guglielmo, Albert El Metni, Fabio Frosio, Cyril Cosse, Salima Naili, Philippe Ichaï, Oriana Ciacio, Gabriella Pittau, Marc-Antoine Allard, Denis Castaing, Antonio S A Cunha, Daniel Cherqui, René Adam, Eric Vibert
BACKGROUND: Although many prognostic factors of primary graft dysfunction after liver transplantation (LT) are available, it remains difficult to predict failure in a given recipient. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether the intraoperative assay of arterial lactate concentration at the end of LT (LCEOT) might constitute a reliable biological test to predict early outcomes [primary nonfunction (PNF), early graft dysfunction (EAD)]. METHODS: We reviewed data from a prospective database in a single center concerning patients transplanted between January 2015 and December 2016 (n = 296)...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Surgery
Roberta Angelico, Alessandra Nardi, René Adam, Silvio Nadalin, Wojciech G Polak, Vincent Karam, Roberto Troisi, Paolo Muiesan
BACKGROUND: Split liver transplantation(SLT) has been widely adopted across Europe resulting in remarkable reduction of the paediatric waiting-list mortality. Left split graft(LSG) are commonly used for paediatric recipients, however deceased donor criteria selection aren't universal. METHOD: The aim of this study was to analyse the LSG outcome from the European Liver Transplant Registry and to identify risk factors of graft failure. Data from 1500 children transplanted in 2006-2014 with LSG from deceased donors were retrospectively analysed...
March 5, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Fernando A Alvarez, Denis Castaing, Rodrigo Figueroa, Marc Antoine Allard, Nicolas Golse, Gabriella Pittau, Oriana Ciacio, Antonio Sa Cunha, Daniel Cherqui, Daniel Azoulay, René Adam, Eric Vibert
BACKGROUND: Portal vein embolization (PVE) use is nowadays debated due to the risk of technical or biological unresectability after the period of time needed to achieve future liver remnant (FLR) hypertrophy. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of PVE in a single high-volume hepatobiliary center, with emphasis in the feasibility to achieve tumor resection. METHODS: Patients undergoing PVE before major hepatectomy at our institution between 1993 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
March 1, 2018: Surgery
Loukia G Karacosta, John C Fisk, Joseph Jessee, Swetha Tati, Bradley Turner, Diala Ghazal, Rachel Ludwig, Holly Johnson, Julia Adams, Munawwar Sajjad, Steven Koury, Rene Roy, James R Olson, Kate Rittenhouse-Olson
The tumor specificity of JAA-F11, a novel monoclonal antibody specific for the Thomsen-Friedenreich cancer antigen (TF-Ag-alpha linked), has been comprehensively studied by in vitro immunohistochemical (IHC) staining of human tumor and normal tissue microarrays and in vivo biodistribution and imaging by micro-positron emission tomography imaging in breast and lung tumor models in mice. The IHC analysis detailed herein is the comprehensive biological analysis of the tumor specificity of JAA-F11 antibody performed as JAA-F11 is progressing towards preclinical safety testing and clinical trials...
February 22, 2018: Translational Oncology
Aldrick Ruiz, Mylène Sebagh, Dennis A Wicherts, Carlos Castro-Benitez, Richard van Hillegersberg, Bernard Paule, Denis Castaing, Eric Vibert, Antonio Sa Cunha, Daniel Cherqui, Jean-François Morère, René Adam
INTRODUCTION: Long-term survival is still rarely achieved with current systemic treatment in patients with breast cancer liver metastases (BCLM). Extended survival after hepatectomy was examined in a select group of BCLM patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hepatectomy for BCLM was performed in 139 consecutive patients between 1985 and 2012. Patients who survived < 5 years were compared to those who survived ≥ 5 years from first diagnosis of hepatic metastases...
February 20, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Adam Taylor, René Verhoef, Michael Beuwer, Yuyang Wang, Peter Zijlstra
We demonstrate the all-optical reconstruction of gold nanoparticle geometry using super-resolution microscopy. We employ DNA-PAINT to get exquisite control over the (un)binding kinetics by the number of complementary bases and salt concentration, leading to localization accuracies of ∼5 nm. We employ a dye with an emission spectrum strongly blue-shifted from the plasmon resonance to minimize mislocalization due to plasmon-fluorophore coupling. We correlate the all-optical reconstructions with atomic force microscopy images and find that reconstructed dimensions deviate by no more than ∼10%...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and Interfaces
Bryan Hill, Sarah Fletcher, Jeffrey Blume, Rony Adam, Renée Ward
INTRODUCTION: Stress urinary incontinence at a low bladder volume is a clinically observed phenomenon that is not well studied with regard to treatment outcomes. The primary aim of our study was to determine if the volume at first leak is associated with sling outcome. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study evaluating whether urodynamic stress urinary incontinence observed at low volumes is associated with sling failure using the Synthetic Derivative database...
January 30, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Andreas Arendtsen Rostved, René Adam, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Mauro Salizzoni, Miguel Angel Gómez Bravo, Daniel Cherqui, Paolo De Simone, Karim Boudjema, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Olivier Soubrane, Juan Carlos García-Valdecasas, Joan Fabregat Prous, Antonio D Pinna, John O'Grady, Vincent Karam, Christophe Duvoux, Allan Rasmussen
Locoregional treatment while on the waiting list for liver transplantation (Ltx) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been shown to improve survival. However, the effect of treatment type has not been investigated. We investigate the effect of locoregional treatment type on survival after Ltx for HCC. We investigated patients registered in the European Liver Transplant Registry database using multivariate Cox regression survival analysis. Information on locoregional therapy was registered for 4978 of 23 124 patients and was associated with improved overall survival [hazard ratio (HR) 0...
January 30, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Adam S Adler, Daniel Bedinger, Matthew S Adams, Michael A Asensio, Robert C Edgar, Renee Leong, Jackson Leong, Rena A Mizrahi, Matthew J Spindler, Srinivasa Rao Bandi, Haichun Huang, Pallavi Tawde, Peter Brams, David S Johnson
Deep sequencing and single-chain variable fragment (scFv) yeast display methods are becoming more popular for discovery of therapeutic antibody candidates in mouse B cell repertoires. In this study, we compare a deep sequencing and scFv display method that retains native heavy and light chain pairing with a related method that randomly pairs heavy and light chain. We performed the studies in a humanized mouse, using interleukin 21 receptor (IL-21R) as a test immunogen. We identified 44 high-affinity binder scFv with the native pairing method and 100 high-affinity binder scFv with the random pairing method...
January 29, 2018: MAbs
Marlee A Tucker, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, William F Fagan, John M Fryxell, Bram Van Moorter, Susan C Alberts, Abdullahi H Ali, Andrew M Allen, Nina Attias, Tal Avgar, Hattie Bartlam-Brooks, Buuveibaatar Bayarbaatar, Jerrold L Belant, Alessandra Bertassoni, Dean Beyer, Laura Bidner, Floris M van Beest, Stephen Blake, Niels Blaum, Chloe Bracis, Danielle Brown, P J Nico de Bruyn, Francesca Cagnacci, Justin M Calabrese, Constança Camilo-Alves, Simon Chamaillé-Jammes, Andre Chiaradia, Sarah C Davidson, Todd Dennis, Stephen DeStefano, Duane Diefenbach, Iain Douglas-Hamilton, Julian Fennessy, Claudia Fichtel, Wolfgang Fiedler, Christina Fischer, Ilya Fischhoff, Christen H Fleming, Adam T Ford, Susanne A Fritz, Benedikt Gehr, Jacob R Goheen, Eliezer Gurarie, Mark Hebblewhite, Marco Heurich, A J Mark Hewison, Christian Hof, Edward Hurme, Lynne A Isbell, René Janssen, Florian Jeltsch, Petra Kaczensky, Adam Kane, Peter M Kappeler, Matthew Kauffman, Roland Kays, Duncan Kimuyu, Flavia Koch, Bart Kranstauber, Scott LaPoint, Peter Leimgruber, John D C Linnell, Pascual López-López, A Catherine Markham, Jenny Mattisson, Emilia Patricia Medici, Ugo Mellone, Evelyn Merrill, Guilherme de Miranda Mourão, Ronaldo G Morato, Nicolas Morellet, Thomas A Morrison, Samuel L Díaz-Muñoz, Atle Mysterud, Dejid Nandintsetseg, Ran Nathan, Aidin Niamir, John Odden, Robert B O'Hara, Luiz Gustavo R Oliveira-Santos, Kirk A Olson, Bruce D Patterson, Rogerio Cunha de Paula, Luca Pedrotti, Björn Reineking, Martin Rimmler, Tracey L Rogers, Christer Moe Rolandsen, Christopher S Rosenberry, Daniel I Rubenstein, Kamran Safi, Sonia Saïd, Nir Sapir, Hall Sawyer, Niels Martin Schmidt, Nuria Selva, Agnieszka Sergiel, Enkhtuvshin Shiilegdamba, João Paulo Silva, Navinder Singh, Erling J Solberg, Orr Spiegel, Olav Strand, Siva Sundaresan, Wiebke Ullmann, Ulrich Voigt, Jake Wall, David Wattles, Martin Wikelski, Christopher C Wilmers, John W Wilson, George Wittemyer, Filip Zięba, Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica, Thomas Mueller
Animal movement is fundamental for ecosystem functioning and species survival, yet the effects of the anthropogenic footprint on animal movements have not been estimated across species. Using a unique GPS-tracking database of 803 individuals across 57 species, we found that movements of mammals in areas with a comparatively high human footprint were on average one-half to one-third the extent of their movements in areas with a low human footprint. We attribute this reduction to behavioral changes of individual animals and to the exclusion of species with long-range movements from areas with higher human impact...
January 26, 2018: Science
Arnau Panisello-Roselló, Eva Verde, Alexandre Lopez, Marta Flores, Emma Folch-Puy, Anabela Rolo, Carlos Palmeira, Georgina Hotter, Teresa Carbonell, René Adam, Joan Roselló-Catafau
Institute Goeorges Lopez 1 (IGL-1) and Histidine-Tryptophan-Ketoglutarate (HTK) preservation solutions are regularly used in clinical for liver transplantation besides University of Wisconsin (UW) solution and Celsior. Several clinical trials and experimental works have been carried out comparing all the solutions, however the comparative IGL-1 and HTK appraisals are poor; especially when they deal with the underlying protection mechanisms of the fatty liver graft during cold storage. Fatty livers from male obese Zücker rats were conserved for 24 h at 4 °C in IGL-1 or HTK preservation solutions...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Bertrand Le Roy, Emilie Grégoire, Cyril Cossé, Badr Serji, Nicolas Golse, René Adam, Daniel Cherqui, Jean-Yves Mabrut, Yves-Patrice Le Treut, Eric Vibert
BACKGROUND: ICGR15 is widely used in Asia to evaluate the liver reserve before hepatectomy, but not in Western countries where patients are selected using the MELD score and/or platelet count. Postoperative liver failure is rare nowadays, but hepatic decompensation (HD), defined by 3-month postoperative ascites, impairs quality of life and survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relevance of indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min (ICGR15) before liver resection in Western countries, in order to predict HD...
January 16, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Rene C Adam, Hanseul Yang, Yejing Ge, Wen-Hui Lien, Ping Wang, Yilin Zhao, Lisa Polak, John Levorse, Sanjeethan C Baksh, Deyou Zheng, Elaine Fuchs
Tissue regeneration relies on resident stem cells (SCs), whose activity and lineage choices are influenced by the microenvironment. Exploiting the synchronized, cyclical bouts of tissue regeneration in hair follicles (HFs), we investigate how microenvironment dynamics shape the emergence of stem cell lineages. Employing epigenetic and ChIP-seq profiling, we uncover how signal-dependent transcription factors couple spatiotemporal cues to chromatin dynamics, thereby choreographing stem cell lineages. Using enhancer-driven reporters, mutagenesis, and genetics, we show that simultaneous BMP-inhibitory and WNT signals set the stage for lineage choices by establishing chromatin platforms permissive for diversification...
January 9, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
Luke N Belval, Douglas J Casa, William M Adams, George T Chiampas, Jolie C Holschen, Yuri Hosokawa, John Jardine, Shawn F Kane, Michele Labotz, Renée S Lemieux, Kyle B McClaine, Nathaniel S Nye, Francis G O'Connor, Bryan Prine, Neha P Raukar, Michael S Smith, Rebecca L Stearns
Exertional heat stroke (EHS) is one of the most common causes of sudden death in athletes. It also represents a unique medical challenge to the prehospital healthcare provider due to the time sensitive nature of treatment. In cases of EHS, when cooling is delayed, there is a significant increase in organ damage, morbidity, and mortality after 30 minutes, faster than the average EMS transport and ED evaluation window. The purpose of this document is to present a paradigm for prehospital healthcare systems to minimize the risk of morbidity and mortality for EHS patients...
January 16, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Julia Dittrich, Melanie Adam, Hilke Maas, Max Hecht, Madlen Reinicke, Renee Ruhaak, Christa Cobbaert, Christoph Engel, Kerstin Wirkner, Markus Löffler, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek
Laborious sample pretreatment of biological samples represents the most limiting factor for the translation of targeted proteomics assays from research to clinical routine. An optimized method for the simultaneous quantitation of twelve major apolipoproteins combining on-line solid-phase extraction and fast LC-MS/MS analysis in 6.5 min total run time was developed, reducing the manual sample pretreatment time of 3 μL serum or plasma by 60%. Within-run and between-day imprecisions below 10% and 15% (n = 10) and high recovery rates (94%-131%) were obtained applying the high-throughput setup...
December 26, 2017: Proteomics
Valérie Turcot, Yingchang Lu, Heather M Highland, Claudia Schurmann, Anne E Justice, Rebecca S Fine, Jonathan P Bradfield, Tõnu Esko, Ayush Giri, Mariaelisa Graff, Xiuqing Guo, Audrey E Hendricks, Tugce Karaderi, Adelheid Lempradl, Adam E Locke, Anubha Mahajan, Eirini Marouli, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Kristin L Young, Tamuno Alfred, Mary F Feitosa, Nicholas G D Masca, Alisa K Manning, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Poorva Mudgal, Maggie C Y Ng, Alex P Reiner, Sailaja Vedantam, Sara M Willems, Thomas W Winkler, Gonçalo Abecasis, Katja K Aben, Dewan S Alam, Sameer E Alharthi, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul L Auer, Beverley Balkau, Lia E Bang, Inês Barroso, Lisa Bastarache, Marianne Benn, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A Böger, Jette Bork-Jensen, Michiel L Bots, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Gerome Breen, Murray H Brilliant, Linda Broer, Marco Brumat, Amber A Burt, Adam S Butterworth, Peter T Campbell, Stefania Cappellani, David J Carey, Eulalia Catamo, Mark J Caulfield, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der I Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y Chu, Massimiliano Cocca, Francis S Collins, James P Cook, Janie Corley, Jordi Corominas Galbany, Amanda J Cox, David S Crosslin, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Angela D'Eustacchio, John Danesh, Gail Davies, Paul I W Bakker, Mark C H Groot, Renée Mutsert, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Ellen W Demerath, Martin Heijer, Anneke I Hollander, Hester M Ruijter, Joe G Dennis, Josh C Denny, Emanuele Angelantonio, Fotios Drenos, Mengmeng Du, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Todd L Edwards, David Ellinghaus, Patrick T Ellinor, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, I Sadaf Farooqi, Jessica D Faul, Sascha Fauser, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C Florez, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Oscar H Franco, Andre Franke, Paul W Franks, Nele Friedrich, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Tessel E Galesloot, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Jane Gibson, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Anette P Gjesing, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Mathias Gorski, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Struan F A Grant, Niels Grarup, Helen L Griffiths, Megan L Grove, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefan Gustafsson, Jeff Haessler, Hakon Hakonarson, Anke R Hammerschlag, Torben Hansen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Tamara B Harris, Andrew T Hattersley, Christian T Have, Caroline Hayward, Liang He, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Andrew C Heath, Iris M Heid, Øyvind Helgeland, Jussi Hernesniemi, Alex W Hewitt, Oddgeir L Holmen, G Kees Hovingh, Joanna M M Howson, Yao Hu, Paul L Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, M Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U Jackson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Gail P Jarvik, Gorm B Jensen, Yucheng Jia, Stefan Johansson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Bratati Kahali, René S Kahn, Mika Kähönen, Pia R Kamstrup, Stavroula Kanoni, Jaakko Kaprio, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Sekar Kathiresan, Frank Kee, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Eric Kim, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Peter Kovacs, Helena Kuivaniemi, Zoltán Kutalik, Kari Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, David Lamparter, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B Larson, Nanette R Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Honghuang Lin, Keng-Hung Lin, Li-An Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Dajiang J Liu, Yongmei Liu, Ken S Lo, Artitaya Lophatananon, Andrew J Lotery, Anu Loukola, Jian'an Luan, Steven A Lubitz, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Angela L Mazul, Mark I McCarthy, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Sarah E Medland, Karina Meidtner, Lili Milani, Vanisha Mistry, Paul Mitchell, Karen L Mohlke, Leena Moilanen, Marie Moitry, Grant W Montgomery, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Carmel Moore, Trevor A Mori, Andrew D Morris, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Patricia B Munroe, Mike A Nalls, Narisu Narisu, Christopher P Nelson, Matt Neville, Sune F Nielsen, Kjell Nikus, Pål R Njølstad, Børge G Nordestgaard, Dale R Nyholt, Jeffrey R O'Connel, Michelle L O'Donoghue, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Roel A Ophoff, Katharine R Owen, Chris J Packard, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Colin N A Palmer, Nicholette D Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Aniruddh P Patel, Alison Pattie, Oluf Pedersen, Peggy L Peissig, Gina M Peloso, Craig E Pennell, Markus Perola, James A Perry, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Thomas N Person, Annette Peters, Eva R B Petersen, Patricia A Peyser, Ailith Pirie, Ozren Polasek, Tinca J Polderman, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F Reilly, Frida Renström, Myriam Rheinberger, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Manuel A Rivas, David J Roberts, Neil R Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Olov Rolandsson, Igor Rudan, Katherine S Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Yadav Sapkota, Naveed Sattar, Robert E Schoen, Pamela J Schreiner, Matthias B Schulze, Robert A Scott, Marcelo P Segura-Lepe, Svati H Shah, Wayne H-H Sheu, Xueling Sim, Andrew J Slater, Kerrin S Small, Albert V Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D Spector, Elizabeth K Speliotes, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen E Stirrups, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Liang Sun, Praveen Surendran, Amy J Swift, Hayato Tada, Katherine E Tansey, Jean-Claude Tardif, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Gerard Tromp, Stella Trompet, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Jonathan P Tyrer, Rudolf Uher, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Sander W Laan, Cornelia M Duijn, Nienke Leeuwen, Jessica van Setten, Mauno Vanhala, Anette Varbo, Tibor V Varga, Rohit Varma, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sita H Vermeulen, Giovanni Veronesi, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F Vogt, Uwe Völker, Dragana Vuckovic, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Mark Walker, Lars Wallentin, Feijie Wang, Carol A Wang, Shuai Wang, Yiqin Wang, Erin B Ware, Nicholas J Wareham, Helen R Warren, Dawn M Waterworth, Jennifer Wessel, Harvey D White, Cristen J Willer, James G Wilson, Daniel R Witte, Andrew R Wood, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Pang Yao, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhou, Krina T Zondervan, Jerome I Rotter, John A Pospisilik, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Timothy M Frayling, Guillaume Lettre, Kari E North, Cecilia M Lindgren, Joel N Hirschhorn, Ruth J F Loos
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >250 loci for body mass index (BMI), implicating pathways related to neuronal biology. Most GWAS loci represent clusters of common, noncoding variants from which pinpointing causal genes remains challenging. Here we combined data from 718,734 individuals to discover rare and low-frequency (minor allele frequency (MAF) < 5%) coding variants associated with BMI. We identified 14 coding variants in 13 genes, of which 8 variants were in genes (ZBTB7B, ACHE, RAPGEF3, RAB21, ZFHX3, ENTPD6, ZFR2 and ZNF169) newly implicated in human obesity, 2 variants were in genes (MC4R and KSR2) previously observed to be mutated in extreme obesity and 2 variants were in GIPR...
January 2018: Nature Genetics
Manuel B Huber, Maximilian Präger, Kathryn Coyle, Doug Coyle, Adam Lester-George, Marta Trapero-Bertran, Bertalan Nemeth, Kei Long Cheung, Renee Stark, Matthias Vogl, Subhash Pokhrel, Reiner Leidl
AIMS: To evaluate costs, effects and cost-effectiveness of increased reach of specific smoking cessation interventions in Germany. DESIGN: A Markov-based state transition return on investment model (EQUIPTMOD) was used to evaluate current smoking cessation interventions as well as two prospective investment scenarios. A health-care perspective (extended to include out-of-pocket payments) with life-time horizon was considered. A probabilistic analysis was used to assess uncertainty concerning predicted estimates...
December 15, 2017: Addiction
Andrea Laurenzi, Daniel Cherqui, Rodrigo Figueroa, René Adam, Eric Vibert, Antonio Sa Cunha
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic resection has gained a significant place in liver surgery. As in open liver resection, bleeding control during hepatic transection remains a major issue and it represents the main reason for conversion to laparotomy. Pringle maneuver (PM) remains the standard inflow occlusion technique and a specific step-by-step description of totally intracorporeal laparoscopic PM is described. METHODS: The technique includes placement of a tape around the hepatoduodenal which is then passed through a plastic drain...
November 24, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
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