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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764674/surgical-management-of-patients-with-eagle-syndrome
#1
Frances Mei Hardin, Roy Xiao, Brian B Burkey
OBJECTIVE: Eagle syndrome, a spectrum of disease resulting from an elongated styloid process and/or calcified stylohyoid ligament, lacks standardized recommendations regarding indications for surgical intervention and approach. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single tertiary care institution. SUBJECTS: Patients treated surgically for Eagle syndrome between January 2011 and June 2017. METHODS: Patients were diagnosed with Eagle syndrome based on thorough clinical workup and assessment...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764480/a-stepped-approach-for-the-management-of-symptomatic-internal-derangement-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#2
Candan Efeoglu, Aylin Sipahi Calis, Huseyin Koca, Esra Yuksel
BACKGROUND: Internal derangement is the clinical and pathological condition of disc displacement of the temporomandibular joint. Management of these cases involve conservative and surgical treatment options. Minimally invasive surgical procedures namely arthrocentesis and arthroscopy are promising techniques in the management of internal derangement. However patient selection algorithms, indications for minimally invasive procedures and details of the techniques should be further studied for safe and cost effective management of these cases...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764474/acute-blindness-as-a-presenting-sign-of-childhood-endemic-burkitt-s-lymphoma-in-cameroon-a-case-report
#3
Brice N Vofo, Gaelle V F Ngankam, Calypse A Ngwasiri, Jeannine A Atem, Leopold N Aminde
BACKGROUND: Endemic Burkitt's lymphoma is found predominantly in malaria holoendemic zones, typically in the tropical rain forest of Africa. It usually presents as an extra-nodal tumour in children and young adults with predilection for jaws and soft tissues of the abdomen. Clinical features depend on the primary tumour site, extent of the disease and histologic subtype. Acute blindness as a presentation sign is rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 13 year old African female presented to our facility with a 3 week history of painful abdominal distention, and loss of vision of the left eye...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759126/primary-care-vasculitis-polymyalgia-rheumatica-and-giant-cell-arteritis
#4
REVIEW
Mathilde H Pioro
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant cell arteritis (GCA) are related inflammatory diseases of adults aged 50 years or older. The diagnosis of PMR is based on morning stiffness, proximal shoulder and pelvic girdle pain, and functional impairment. GCA is characterized by headache, jaw claudication, and visual disturbances. Constitutional symptoms and elevated inflammatory markers are common to both conditions. Temporal artery biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosis of GCA. Glucocorticoids are the cornerstone of therapy, with tapering regimens individualized to the patient...
June 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755988/bite-forces-and-their-measurement-in-dogs-and-cats
#5
REVIEW
Se Eun Kim, Boaz Arzi, Tanya C Garcia, Frank J M Verstraete
Bite force is generated by the interaction of the masticatory muscles, the mandibles and maxillae, the temporomandibular joints (TMJs), and the teeth. Several methods to measure bite forces in dogs and cats have been described. Direct in vivo measurement of a bite in dogs has been done; however, bite forces were highly variable due to animal volition, situation, or specific measurement technique. Bite force has been measured in vivo from anesthetized dogs by electrical stimulation of jaw adductor muscles, but this may not be reflective of volitional bite force during natural activity...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750100/orofacial-clinical-features-in-arnold-chiari-type-i-malformation-a-case-series
#6
José-Alcides de Arruda, Eugênia Figueiredo, João-Luiz Monteiro, Livia-Mirelle Barbosa, Cleomar Rodrigues, Belmiro Vasconcelos
Background: Arnold Chiari malformation (ACM) is characterized by an anatomical defect at the base of the skull where the cerebellum and the spinal cord herniate through the foramen magnum into the cervical spinal canal. Among the subtypes of the condition, ACM type I (ACM-I) is particularly outstanding because of the severity of symptoms. This study aimed to analyze the orofacial clinical manifestations of patients with ACM-I, and discuss their demographic distribution and clinical features in light of the literature...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721232/management-of-symptomatic-florid-cemento-osseous-dysplasia-literature-review-and-a-case-report
#7
Riccardo Aiuto, Federico Gucciardino, Roberta Rapetti, Sandro Siervo, Andrea-Edoardo Bianch
Introduction: Cemento-osseous dysplasia is a jaw disorder characterized by a reactive process in which normal bone is replaced by connective tissue matrix. There are different Cemento-osseous dysplasia entities. The treatment of these lesions, once diagnosed by radiology, is not required because generally they are asymptomatic. The localization is in the tooth-bearing areas of the jaws and its distribution is symmetric. Case Reports: In this case report, a 57-year-old Caucasian female patient was referred to our attention complaining of painful inflammatory events localized in the right angle of the jaw...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713181/minodronate-for-the-treatment-of-osteoporosis
#8
REVIEW
Tsuyoshi Ohishi, Yukihiro Matsuyama
Minodronate is a third-generation bisphosphonate that was developed and approved for clinical use in osteoporosis therapy in Japan. The mechanism of action for suppressing bone resorption is the inhibition of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase, a key enzyme in the mevalonic acid metabolic pathway of osteoclasts, to induce apoptosis of the cells. Minodronate is the strongest inhibitor of bone resorption among the currently available oral bisphosphonates. Large randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trials have revealed an increase in bone mineral density of both the lumbar spine and femoral neck over 3 years of daily minodronate therapy and risk reduction in vertebral fractures over 2 years of therapy...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709708/specific-occlusal-scheme-for-partially-edentulous-patients-with-tmd-signs-preliminary-report
#9
Srgan D Poitie
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to ascertain a specific occlusal scheme to reduce temporomandibular disorder signs and symptoms in the therapy of partially edentulous patients with removable partial acrylic dentures. METHODOLOGY: 34 partially edentulous patients who had unilateral free-end saddle in the mandible along with a history of TMD signs and symptoms were prosthodontically treated, fitting them with new removable acrylic partial dentures (NRAPD) for their lower jaws...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708207/ssri-associated-bruxism-a-systematic-review-of-published-case-reports
#10
REVIEW
Andrew R Garrett, Jason S Hawley
Purpose of review: Antidepressant-associated movement disorders are a well-described phenomenon. However, antidepressant-associated bruxism, jaw pain, or jaw spasm, while reported in dental literature, is less commonly recognized among neurologists. We summarize the clinical features and treatment of antidepressant-associated bruxism and associated jaw pain through a systematic review of case reports. Recent findings: Antidepressant-associated bruxism may occur in pediatric and adult patients, most commonly among female patients...
April 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701419/carotid-paraganglioma-classical-surgical-technique
#11
Bárbara Pereira, Manuel Fonseca, Anabela Gonçalves, João Alegrio, Óscar Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: A carotid body tumor is a rare neoplasm, generally benign, that predominantly affects people between their fourth and fith decades of life. It manifests as a pulsatile and generally painless cervical mass with firm consistency, located below the angle of the jaw. Clinically it can cause localized pain, dysphagia, hiccups, hoarseness and hypersensitive carotid body syndrome. Surgery is the treatment of choice, bearing in mind the possibility of malignant transformation, peritumoral invasion and metastasis...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694463/predictors-of-long-term-temporomandibular-disorder-pain-intensity-an-8-year-cohort-study
#12
Flavia P Kapos, John O Look, Lei Zhang, James S Hodges, Eric L Schiffman
AIMS: To investigate, in individuals with pain-related temporomandibular disorder (TMD), the association of long-term pain intensity with baseline health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and jaw functional limitation. METHODS: Of 513 cases with baseline pain-related TMD (masticatory muscle and/or temporomandibular joint [TMJ] pain), 273 were reevaluated after 8 years, and 258 of them had complete baseline data for Jaw Functional Limitation Scale (JFLS) scores and HRQoL measured by the Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores of the 12-item Short Form Health Survey and follow-up data for Characteristic Pain Intensity (CPI) from the Graded Chronic Pain Scale...
April 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692884/use-of-amniotic-membrane-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-bronj-two-case-reports
#13
Mirko Ragazzo, Diletta Trojan, Lisa Spagnol, Adolfo Paolin, Luca Guarda Nardini
The use of bisphosphonates has led to a new disease, bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ). There is currently no effective treatment for this disease; the surgical approach is controversial. The widespread use of human amniotic membrane (HAM) in surgery and the results obtained have highlighted its many potential properties, including antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antifibrotic and antiapoptotic, as well as its capacity for encouraging epithelialisation and cell differentiation. These properties are believed to encourage the recovery of patients with BRONJ, facilitating the wound healing process after surgical debridement of the bone...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692327/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-occlusal-splint-trigger-point-injection-and-arthrocentesis-in-the-treatment-of-internal-derangement-patients-with-myofascial-pain-disorders
#14
Itır Şebnem Bilici, Yusuf Emes, Buket Aybar, Serhat Yalçın
PURPOSE: In temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), unless splints are effective, combined therapies are performed. The aim of this study is to show the effectiveness of the local anaesthethic injections (trigger point injections) to the masticatory muscles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was composed of TMD patients and the predictor variables were therapy combinations including stabilization splint (SS) therapy, SS+trigger point injection therapy (TPI) and arthrocentesis...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682131/the-efficiency-of-anterior-repositioning-splints-in-the-management-of-pain-related-to-temporomandibular-joint-disc-displacement-with-reduction
#15
Malgorzata Pihut, Malgorzata Gorecka, Piotr Ceranowicz, Mieszko Wieckiewicz
Background and Objective: Intra-articular temporomandibular disorders are often related to pain in the area of the temporomandibular joint, ear, and temple. The aim of the study was to investigate the efficiency of anterior repositioning splints in decreasing pain related to temporomandibular joint disc displacement with reduction. Methods: The research material consisted of 112 patients, aged 24 to 45 years, of both genders, who reported for treatment at the Consulting Room of Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunctions at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow between 2014 and 2016 due to pain in the area of the temporomandibular joint(s) and noise(s) of temporomandibular joint(s) present during jaw movements with comorbid contracture of masticatory muscles...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680840/is-arthrocentesis-of-temporomandibular-joint-with-corticosteroids-beneficial-a-systematic-review
#16
A Davoudi, H Khaki, I Mohammadi, M Daneshmand, A Tamizifar, M Bigdelou, F Ansaripoor
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are musculoskeletal conditions that can inhibit the normal function of temporomandibular joints (TMJs) and affect the patient's quality of life, negatively. Arthrocentesis (AC) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used for treating TMDs. The aim of present paper is to evaluate the advantages of administrating corticosteroid (CS) during AC by reviewing high quality released articles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searching on Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Google Scholar, PubMed, ProQuest, and Scopus databases were performed with focusing on proper key words...
April 22, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668626/effect-of-arthrocentesis-plus-platelet-rich-plasma-and-platelet-rich-plasma-alone-in-the-treatment-of-temporomandibular-joint-osteoarthritis-a-retrospective-matched-cohort-study-a-strobe-compliant-article
#17
Shang-Lun Lin, Chiang-Chin Tsai, Shang-Liang Wu, Shun-Yao Ko, Wei-Fan Chiang, Jung Wu Yang
Although the research on using platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) has advanced, no unified standards exist for determining the joint use of arthrocentesis and the injection dose and frequency of PRP. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of 2 TMJ-OA treatment approaches, arthrocentesis plus platelet-rich plasma (A+PRP) and PRP alone, and attempted to provide another potential treatment option with a single injection of 2 mL of high-concentration and high-purity PRP...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663488/delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-in-human-masticatory-muscles-increases-inhibitory-jaw-reflex-responses
#18
Michail Koutris, Kemal S Türker, Maurits K A van Selms, Frank Lobbezoo
INTRODUCTION: The effects of masticatory muscles' overloading on jaw-motor control are not yet fully clarified. Therefore, it was tested whether eccentric and concentric exercises of the human masticatory muscles would influence inhibitory jaw-reflex responses. METHODS: 11 participants (6 males, 5 females) performed 6, 5-min bouts of eccentric-concentric contractions. Before, immediately after, 24 hours, 48 hours, and one week afterwards, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for jaw-muscle fatigue and pain, maximum voluntary bite force (MVBF), and inhibitory jaw reflexes were recorded...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663487/relationship-between-arthroscopic-findings-of-synovitis-and-levels-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-matrix-metalloproteinases-in-synovial-lavage-fluid-from-patients-with-unilateral-high-mandibular-condyle-fractures
#19
Shinnosuke Nogami, Tetsu Takahashi, Kensuke Yamauchi, Yuri Takeda, Ko Ito, Masatoshi Chiba, Alexander Gaggl
BACKGROUND: Arthrocentesis has an effect of washing out inflammatory products that accumulate in the joint compartment of a dysfunctional TMJ. The procedure removes inflammatory cytokines, which are pain-causing substances, for early reduction of TMJ pain and quick recovery of jaw function, thus increasing the possibility of a successful rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between arthroscopy synovitis grade in patients with unilateral high condylar fractures and concentrations of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha as well as of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in washed-out synovial fluid (SF) samples obtained from those patients...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660305/temporomandibular-joint-reconstruction-in-patients-with-autoimmune-connective-tissue-disease
#20
Pushkar Mehra, Charles H Henry, Kamyar R Giglou
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical outcomes in patients with autoimmune or connective tissue (CT) disease undergoing temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were divided into 2 groups based on type of TMJ reconstruction. Patients in group 1 (n = 9) underwent autogenous reconstruction and had a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (5), lupus arthritis (1), and psoriatic arthritis (3). Patients in group 2 (n = 2l) had alloplastic reconstruction with a patient-fitted total joint prosthesis (TMJ Concepts, Ventura, CA) and had a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (15), lupus (3), and psoriatic arthritis (3)...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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