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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918746/use-of-the-universal-pain-assessment-tool-for-evaluating-pain-associated-with-tmd-in-youngsters-with-an-intellectual-disability
#1
G Dugashvili, L Van den Berghe, G Menabde, M Janelidze, L Marks
BACKGROUND: The Universal Pain Assessment Tool (UPAT) was used to assess the level of pain in people with limited communication skills. The UPAT enables clinicians to consult a specialized pain management team more often and lead to earlier interventions. The purpose of this study was to determine, whether the UPAT could be used as an extra tool to collect data on functional TMJ pain and to assess orofacial pain levels related to temporomandibular disorder(s) (TMD) in people with intellectual disabilities (ID)...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918745/simple-and-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-aspects-of-jaw-pseudocysts-based-on-an-experience-of-brazilian-pathology-service-during-53-years
#2
I Flores, M-E Hamilton, E-F Zanchin-Baldissera, A-C Uchoa-Vasconcelos, S-B Chaves-Tarquinio, A-P Neutzling-Gomes
BACKGROUND: Jaw pseudocysts are benign osseous lesions of unclear etiology. Among these, the simple bone cyst (SBC) and aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) are intriguing bone pathologies still rarely studied together. This retrospective study aimed to present the long-term case series of patients with jaw pseudocysts focusing on the clinical, radiographic, and transoperative aspects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients with SBC and ABC was performed...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911133/changes-in-cervical-movement-impairment-and-pain-following-orofacial-treatment-in-patients-with-chronic-arthralgic-temporomandibular-disorder-with-pain-a-prospective-case-series
#3
Francis Grondin, Toby Hall
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of isolated temporomandibular joint (TMJ) manual therapy on pain and range of motion (ROM) of the TMJ and cervical spine including flexion-rotation test (FRT) in people suffering chronic pain arising from chronic arthralgic temporomandibular disorder (TMD). An experienced clinician managed a case series of 12 patients with TMD (mean duration 28.6 months +/- 26.9). The intervention comprised four-weekly sessions of transverse medial accessory TMJ mobilization and advice...
December 2, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898256/comparative-study-of-the-physiotherapeutic-and-drug-protocol-and-low-level-laser-irradiation-in-the-treatment-of-pain-associated-with-temporomandibular-dysfunction
#4
Marcos Fernando Xisto Braga Cavalcanti, Uoston Holder Silva, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Rodrigo A B Lopes-Martins, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Francesca Diomede, Oriana Trubiani, Natalia De Isla, Lucio Frigo
BACKGROUND: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a structure of the craniofacial complex affected by neurological diseases. Orthopedic and musculoskeletal changes can also cause temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and pain. Low-level laser (LLL) therapy has been studied in the treatment of temporomandibular jaw (TMJ) dysfunction, and controversial results were obtained. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was comparing the physiotherapeutic and drug protocol (PDP) to LLL therapy in the treatment of pain associated with TMD...
November 29, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884688/severe-pain-in-veterans-the-impact-of-age-and-sex-and-comparisons-to-the-general-population
#5
Richard L Nahin
: This study provides national prevalence estimates of US military Veterans with severe pain, and compares Veterans to nonveterans of similar age and sex. Data used are from the 2010-2014 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) on 67,696 adults who completed the Adult Functioning and Disability (AFD) Supplement. Participants with severe pain were identified using a validated pain severity coding system imbedded in the NHIS AFD. It was estimated that 65.5% of US military Veterans reported pain in the previous 3 months, with 9...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866217/osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-onj-and-atypical-femoral-fracture-aff-in-an-osteoporotic-patient-chronically-treated-with-bisphosphonates
#6
A Sánchez, R Blanco
The aim of the study is to report the rare association of two complications of long-term treatment of osteoporosis with bisphosphonates in the same Caucasian elderly patient. A female patient of Italian descent, age 87 years, consulted in February 2013. She had a history of osteoporosis and had taken alendronate weekly for 7 years (1999-2006). Due to low back pain, an orthopedist had indicated i.v. zoledronic acid, 5 mg/year for 3 years (2006-2008). She received occasional supplements of ergocalciferol...
November 20, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864807/assessing-the-associations-between-awareness-of-myocardial-infarction-symptoms-socioeconomic-factors-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-through-regression-models
#7
Phoebe Tran, Murray A Mittleman
There are few studies that consider the association between awareness of symptoms of acute myocardial infarction (MI), socioeconomic factors (household income, sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment), and cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors. It is important to understand these associations because there is evidence that suggests that disparities in the awareness of MI symptoms lead to disparities in delays in receiving treatment and outcomes of patients with MI. The study was to determine if there are disparities in the awareness of different MI symptoms among different groups with respect to self-reported race, ethnicity, education, age, and income (i...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860211/ultrasound-guided-peristyloid-steroid-injection-for-eagle-syndrome
#8
Timothy Maher, Hariharan Shankar
The styloid process arising from the temporal bone is normally about 2.5 cm in length. For various reasons, including trauma and inflammation, it may become elongated. This elongated styloid process, when symptomatic with clinical signs and symptoms suggestive of local compression or neuropathic pain, is termed Eagle syndrome. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is characterized by intermittent shooting sharp pain in the jaw, throat, tongue, and ear. Conservative management includes anticonvulsants, tricyclic antidepressants, and anti-inflammatory agents...
November 11, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856150/comparison-of-auto-fluorescence-and-tetracycline-fluorescence-for-guided-bone-surgery-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study
#9
O Ristow, S Otto, C Geiß, V Kehl, M Berger, M Troeltzsch, S Koerdt, B Hohlweg-Majert, C Freudlsperger, C Pautke
Recent studies have indicated that bone shows auto-fluorescence under an appropriate fluorescence lamp. The aim of this preliminary study was to compare the success rates of the established tetracycline fluorescence-guided bone surgery with auto-fluorescence-guided bone surgery in the treatment of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). Forty patients suffering from MRONJ were referred for surgical treatment and were divided randomly into two groups: auto-fluorescence (n=20) or tetracycline fluorescence (n=20) guided bone surgery...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856027/a-case-of-strychnine-poisoning-from-a-southeast-asian-herbal-remedy
#10
Terry Singhapricha, Adam C Pomerleau
BACKGROUND: Strychnine is a highly toxic alkaloid found in both naturally occurring compounds and commercial products. Extracts of fruits from the strychnine plant have been used in Southeast Asia as remedies for various illnesses. We describe strychnine poisoning from ingestion of a Southeast Asian herbal supplement quantitatively confirmed by serum and urine analysis. CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old Cambodian woman presented to the emergency department with a complaint of jaw pain and spasms...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842547/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-barrett-s-esophagus
#11
Chi-Yang Chang, Lukas Jyuhn-Hsiarn Lee, Jung-Der Wang, Ching-Tai Lee, Chi-Ming Tai, Tao-Qian Tang, Jaw-Town Lin
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has become a major health problem globally, affecting patients' health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a precancerous lesion associated with GERD. BE patients might not only suffer from HRQOL losses by GERD but also face psychological distress due to the increased risk of developing cancer. However, the majority of patients in Asia have shorter BE segment which is different from the West. This study aimed to determine whether the HRQOL in BE patients were worse than in healthy referents in Taiwan...
November 14, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834407/-painful-temporomandibular-dysfunctions-diagnosis-and-treatment
#12
F Lobbezoo, G Aarab, W Knibbe, M Koutris, C J Warnsinck, P Wetselaar, C M Visscher
Painful temporomandibular disorders (TMD pain) are common among the general population. The most common sub diagnoses are myalgia (jaw-muscle pain) and arthralgia (temporomandibular joint pain). The aetiology of TMD pain has a multifactorial nature, and its diagnosis and possible treatment often require a multidisciplinary approach. The most recent insights in the diagnosis and treatment of TMD pain are based on the multidisciplinary guideline 'Chronic Orofacial Pain' that was developed by the Dutch Society of Headache Patients and was published in 2013...
November 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833231/acute-dystonia-after-single-dose-of-bupropion
#13
Forouzan Elyasi, Elham Mahtiyan
Bupropion is an antidepressant that is effective in the treatment of major depressive disorders, smoking cessation, and sexual side effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Acute dystonia is characterized by prolonged muscle contraction often represented by spasms of the head and neck muscles as well as occasional jaw clenching and temporomandibular joint syndrome. Although it is believed that dystonia is the result of an abnormality of the basal ganglia, its pathophysiology is still unclear. A few cases of dystonia resulting from bupropion have been reported in prior research papers...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828567/factors-associated-with-negative-self-perception-of-oral-health-among-institutionalized-elderly
#14
Laércio Almeida de Melo, Meily de Mello Sousa, Annie Karoline Bezerra de Medeiros, Adriana da Fonte Porto Carreiro, Kenio Costa de Lima
The aim of this study was to determine self-perception of oral-health in institutionalized elderly, and look into the sociodemographic and clinical aspects associated with negative self-perception. One hundred and sixty-six elderly were assessed by answering a self-perception question that predicts the GOHAI (Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index). Sociodemographic data was obtained from a previously validated questionnaire and clinical data taken from the WHO file and QST-TMD used to check the existence of TMD (temporomandibular disturbance)...
November 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800197/a-swelling-in-the-mouth-in-a-chronic-hemodialysis-patient
#15
Arnaud Devresse, Alexandros Raptis, Anne-Sophie Claes, Laura Labriola
Oral manifestations of severe secondary hyperparathyroidism include maxillary and mandibular deformities, brown tumors, dental abnormalities, and metastatic calcification of soft tissues. We report on a chronic hemodialysis (HD) woman with severe, uncontrolled secondary hyperparathyroidism and a painful, nontender mass in the floor of her mouth. The most likely clinical diagnosis was a bone tumoral lesion of the oral cavity, secondary to renal osteodystrophy. Unexpectedly, pathological examination showed characteristic features of ossifying fibroma (OF) of the jaw, a rare, benign fibroosseous lesion characterized by the replacement of normal bone by collagen and fibroblasts containing varying amounts of mineralized substance...
2016: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796190/postoperative-physical-therapy-management-of-tendon-transfer-for-digital-wrist-extension-due-to-multifocal-motor-neuropathy
#16
Steve Volpe
Study Design Case report. Background Multifocal motor neuropathy is a progressive motor nerve disorder characterized by muscle weakness in the extremities. Muscle imbalance and weakness can become so severe that the involved extremity can be rendered nonfunctional. The purpose of this case report is to describe the physical therapy postoperative management of a patient who underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digital/wrist extension of the right upper extremity. Case Description A 38-year-old woman with a medical diagnosis of multifocal motor neuropathy, which caused muscle imbalance and weakness in the right hand, underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digit and wrist extension...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792798/self-reported-bruxism-and-symptoms-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-finnish-university-students
#17
Outi S Huhtela, Ritva Näpänkangas, Tiina Joensuu, Aune Raustia, Kristina Kunttu, Kirsi Sipilä
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of self-reported bruxism and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and to investigate their association in academic and applied science university students in Finland. METHODS: The data were gathered from 4,403 Finnish students included in the Finnish Student Health Survey 2012. The comprehensive questionnaire included five questions concerning bruxism and TMD symptoms. Bivariate associations between self-reported bruxism and TMD symptoms were evaluated using chi-square tests, and logistic regression model was used with age and gender as factors...
October 2016: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781338/does-induced-masseter-muscle-pain-affect-integrated-jaw-neck-movements-similarly-in-men-and-women
#18
Birgitta Wiesinger, Birgitta Häggman-Henrikson, Fredrik Hellström, Erling Englund, Anders Wänman
Normal jaw opening-closing involves simultaneous jaw and head-neck movements. We previously showed that, in men, integrated jaw-neck movements during jaw function are altered by induced masseter muscle pain. The aim of this study was to investigate possible sex-related differences in integrated jaw-neck movements following experimental masseter muscle pain. We evaluated head-neck and jaw movements in 22 healthy women and 16 healthy men in a jaw opening-closing task. The participants performed one control trial and one trial with masseter muscle pain induced by injection of hypertonic saline...
December 2016: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771838/central-xanthoma-of-the-jaw-bones-a-benign-tumor
#19
Yeshwant B Rawal, Srinivasa R Chandra, James M Hall
Extragnathic xanthomas are seen in the bones or as soft tissue masses. They are often associated with hyperlipidemia and are considered as reactive or metabolic lesions. Only 19 cases of xanthomas of the jaws have been reported so far in the English literature. A total of ten cases of central xanthoma of the jaw bones were identified from the Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology biopsy services of the University of Washington and the Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, between the years 2000-2016. The demographic and clinical information on these cases was tabulated logically on the basis of age, gender, location and presence or absence of symptoms, extragnathic lesions and serum hyperlipidemia...
October 22, 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755181/sore-throat-following-three-adult-supraglottic-airway-devices-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Joël L'Hermite, Elisabeth Dubout, Sophie Bouvet, Laure-Hélène Bracoud, Philippe Cuvillon, Jean-Emmanuel de La Coussaye, Jacques Ripart
BACKGROUND: Sore throat is a common complaint after surgery. It affects patient satisfaction and can affect activity after discharge. The supraglottic airway device (SAD) offers an alternative to traditional tracheal intubation with potential benefit in preventing sore throat. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of sore throat following three different SADs, the laryngeal mask airway Unique (LMA-U) and the more recent LMA Supreme (LMA-S) and the I-gel...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
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