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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118166/laboratory-focus-on-improving-the-culture-of-biosafety-statewide-risk-assessment-of-clinical-laboratories-that-process-specimens-for-microbiologic-analysis
#1
Erik Munson, Erin J Bowles, Richard Dern, Eric Beck, Raymond P Podzorski, Allen C Bateman, Timothy K Block, Joshua L Kropp, Tyler Radke, Karen Siebers, Brian Simmons, Mary A Smith, Frances Spray-Larson, David M Warshauer
The Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene challenged Wisconsin laboratories to examine their biosafety practices and improve their culture of biosafety. 103 clinical and public health laboratories completed a questionnaire-based, microbiology-focused biosafety risk assessment. Greater than 96% of respondents performed activities related to specimen processing, direct microscopic examination, and rapid non-molecular testing, while approximately 60% performed culture interpretation. Although important to assessing risk, data specific to patient occupation, symptoms, and travel history were often unavailable to the laboratory and, therefore, less contributory to microbiology biosafety risk assessment than information relative to specimen source and test requisition...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096039/diagnosis-of-lethal-or-prenatal-onset-autosomal-recessive-disorders-by-parental-exome-sequencing
#2
Karen L Stals, Matthew Wakeling, Júlia Baptista, Richard Caswell, Andrew Parrish, Julia Rankin, Carolyn Tysoe, Garan Jones, Adam C Gunning, Hana Lango-Allen, Lisa Bradley, Angela F Brady, Helena Carley, Jenny Carmichael, Bruce Castle, Deirdre Cilliers, Helen Cox, Charu Deshpande, Abhijit Dixit, Jacqueline Eason, Frances Elmslie, Andrew E Fry, Alan Fryer, Muriel Holder, Tessa Homfray, Emma Kivuva, Victoria McKay, Ruth Newbury-Ecob, Michael Parker, Ravi Savarirayan, Claire Searle, Nora Shannon, Deborah Shears, Sarah Smithson, Ellen Thomas, Peter D Turnpenny, Vinod Varghese, Pradeep Vasudevan, Emma Wakeling, Emma L Baple, Sian Ellard
OBJECTIVE: Rare genetic disorders resulting in prenatal or neonatal death are genetically heterogeneous but testing is often limited by the availability of fetal DNA, leaving couples without a potential prenatal test for future pregnancies. We describe our novel strategy of exome sequencing parental DNA samples to diagnose recessive monogenic disorders in an audit of the first 50 couples referred. METHOD: Exome sequencing was carried out in a consecutive series of 50 couples who had one or more pregnancies affected with a lethal or prenatal-onset disorder...
November 2, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042260/pldt-planarian-light-dark-test-an-invertebrate-assay-to-quantify-defensive-responding-and-study-anxiety-like-effects
#3
Ashenafi Mebratu Zewde, Frances Yu, Sunil Nayak, Christopher Tallarida, Allen B Reitz, Lynn G Kirby, Scott M Rawls
BACKGROUND: Planarians, like rodents, instinctively spend more time in dark versus light environments when given a choice. This behavioral phenomenon is called negative phototaxis, which may reflect defensive responding related to an anxiety-like phenotype. NEW METHOD: We propose a planarian light/dark test, designated PLDT, to predict anxiogenic- or anxiolytic-like effects. Experimentally, we placed a planarian at the midline of a Petri dish, containing test compound or water, that was split evenly into light and dark compartments and determined time spent in the light over 10min...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025028/cohort-profile-pregnancy-and-childhood-epigenetics-pace-consortium
#4
Janine F Felix, Bonnie R Joubert, Andrea A Baccarelli, Gemma C Sharp, Catarina Almqvist, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Hasan Arshad, Nour Baïz, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Kelly M Bakulski, Elisabeth B Binder, Luigi Bouchard, Carrie V Breton, Bert Brunekreef, Kelly J Brunst, Esteban G Burchard, Mariona Bustamante, Leda Chatzi, Monica Cheng Munthe-Kaas, Eva Corpeleijn, Darina Czamara, Dana Dabelea, George Davey Smith, Patrick De Boever, Liesbeth Duijts, Terence Dwyer, Celeste Eng, Brenda Eskenazi, Todd M Everson, Fahimeh Falahi, M Daniele Fallin, Sara Farchi, Mariana F Fernandez, Lu Gao, Tom R Gaunt, Akram Ghantous, Matthew W Gillman, Semira Gonseth, Veit Grote, Olena Gruzieva, Siri E Håberg, Zdenko Herceg, Marie-France Hivert, Nina Holland, John W Holloway, Cathrine Hoyo, Donglei Hu, Rae-Chi Huang, Karen Huen, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Dereje D Jima, Allan C Just, Margaret R Karagas, Robert Karlsson, Wilfried Karmaus, Katerina J Kechris, Juha Kere, Manolis Kogevinas, Berthold Koletzko, Gerard H Koppelman, Leanne K Küpers, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Jari Lahti, Nathalie Lambrechts, Sabine A S Langie, Rolv T Lie, Andrew H Liu, Maria C Magnus, Per Magnus, Rachel L Maguire, Carmen J Marsit, Wendy McArdle, Erik Melén, Phillip Melton, Susan K Murphy, Tim S Nawrot, Lorenza Nisticò, Ellen A Nohr, Björn Nordlund, Wenche Nystad, Sam S Oh, Emily Oken, Christian M Page, Patrice Perron, Göran Pershagen, Costanza Pizzi, Michelle Plusquin, Katri Raikkonen, Sarah E Reese, Eva Reischl, Lorenzo Richiardi, Susan Ring, Ritu P Roy, Peter Rzehak, Greet Schoeters, David A Schwartz, Sylvain Sebert, Harold Snieder, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Anne P Starling, Jordi Sunyer, Jack A Taylor, Henning Tiemeier, Vilhelmina Ullemar, Marina Vafeiadi, Marinus H Van Ijzendoorn, Judith M Vonk, Annette Vriens, Martine Vrijheid, Pei Wang, Joseph L Wiemels, Allen J Wilcox, Rosalind J Wright, Cheng-Jian Xu, Zongli Xu, Ivana V Yang, Paul Yousefi, Hongmei Zhang, Weiming Zhang, Shanshan Zhao, Golareh Agha, Caroline L Relton, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Stephanie J London
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016858/maternal-bmi-at-the-start-of-pregnancy-and-offspring-epigenome-wide-dna-methylation-findings-from-the-pregnancy-and-childhood-epigenetics-pace-consortium
#5
Gemma C Sharp, Lucas A Salas, Claire Monnereau, Catherine Allard, Paul Yousefi, Todd M Everson, Jon Bohlin, Zongli Xu, Rae-Chi Huang, Sarah E Reese, Cheng-Jian Xu, Nour Baïz, Cathrine Hoyo, Golareh Agha, Ritu Roy, John W Holloway, Akram Ghantous, Simon K Merid, Kelly M Bakulski, Leanne K Küpers, Hongmei Zhang, Rebecca C Richmond, Christian M Page, Liesbeth Duijts, Rolv T Lie, Phillip E Melton, Judith M Vonk, Ellen A Nohr, ClarLynda Williams-DeVane, Karen Huen, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Carlos Ruiz-Arenas, Semira Gonseth, Faisal I Rezwan, Zdenko Herceg, Sandra Ekström, Lisa Croen, Fahimeh Falahi, Patrice Perron, Margaret R Karagas, Bilal M Quraishi, Matthew Suderman, Maria C Magnus, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Jack A Taylor, Denise Anderson, Shanshan Zhao, Henriette A Smit, Michele J Josey, Asa Bradman, Andrea A Baccarelli, Mariona Bustamante, Siri E Håberg, Göran Pershagen, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Craig Newschaffer, Eva Corpeleijn, Luigi Bouchard, Debbie A Lawlor, Rachel L Maguire, Lisa F Barcellos, George Davey Smith, Brenda Eskenazi, Wilfried Karmaus, Carmen J Marsit, Marie-France Hivert, Harold Snieder, M Daniele Fallin, Erik Melén, Monica C Munthe-Kaas, Hasan Arshad, Joseph L Wiemels, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Martine Vrijheid, Emily Oken, Nina Holland, Susan K Murphy, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Gerard H Koppelman, John P Newnham, Allen J Wilcox, Wenche Nystad, Stephanie J London, Janine F Felix, Caroline L Relton
Pre-pregnancy maternal obesity is associated with adverse offspring outcomes at birth and later in life. Individual studies have shown that epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation could contribute. Within the Pregnancy and Childhood Epigenetics (PACE) Consortium, we meta-analysed the association between pre-pregnancy maternal BMI and methylation at over 450,000 sites in newborn blood DNA, across 19 cohorts (9,340 mother-newborn pairs). We attempted to infer causality by comparing the effects of maternal versus paternal BMI and incorporating genetic variation...
October 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937221/in-vivo-dissolution-and-systemic-absorption-of-immediate-release-ibuprofen-in-human-gastrointestinal-tract-under-fed-and-fasted-conditions
#6
Duxin Sun, Jason R Baker, Bo Wen, Ann Frances, Huixia Zhang, Alex Yu, Ting Zhao, Yasuhiro Tsume, Manjunath Pai, Barry Bleske, Xinyuan Zhang, R Lionberger, Allen Lee, Gordon Amidon, William L Hasler, Mark Koenigsknecht
PURPOSE: In vivo drug dissolution in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is largely unmeasured. The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate the in vivo drug dissolution and systemic absorption of the BCS Class IIa drug ibuprofen under fed and fasted conditions by direct sampling of stomach and small intestinal luminal content. Expanding current knowledge of drug dissolution in vivo will help to establish physiologically relevant in vitro models predictive of drug dissolution. METHODS: A multi-lumen GI catheter was orally inserted into the GI tract of healthy human subjects...
September 22, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903102/-abandonment-psychotherapy-for-suicidal-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-long-term-outcome
#7
Yvonne Burnand, Antonio Andreoli, Laura Frambati, Donna Manning, Alessandra Canuto, Allen Frances
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869403/misdiagnosing-donald-trump
#8
Allen Frances
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777935/de-novo-mutations-in-ywhag-cause-early-onset-epilepsy
#9
Ilaria Guella, Marna B McKenzie, Daniel M Evans, Sarah E Buerki, Eric B Toyota, Margot I Van Allen, Mohnish Suri, Frances Elmslie, Marleen E H Simon, Koen L I van Gassen, Delphine Héron, Boris Keren, Caroline Nava, Mary B Connolly, Michelle Demos, Matthew J Farrer
Massively parallel sequencing has revealed many de novo mutations in the etiology of developmental and epileptic encephalopathies (EEs), highlighting their genetic heterogeneity. Additional candidate genes have been prioritized in silico by their co-expression in the brain. Here, we evaluate rare coding variability in 20 candidates nominated with the use of a reference gene set of 51 established EE-associated genes. Variants within the 20 candidate genes were extracted from exome-sequencing data of 42 subjects with EE and no previous genetic diagnosis...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770818/correction-lyme-borreliosis
#10
Allen C Steere, Strle Franc, Gary P Wormser, Linden T Hu, John A Branda, Joppe W R Hovius, Xin Li, Paul S Mead
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/nrdp.2016.90.
August 3, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684388/keith-conners
#11
Allen Frances, Bernard J Carroll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620996/feasibility-of-collecting-patient-reported-outcomes-for-inpatient-rehabilitation-quality-reporting
#12
Allen Walter Heinemann, Anne Deutsch, David Cella, Karon Frances Cook, Linda Foster, Ana Miskovic, Katharine Davis, Arielle Goldsmith
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate rehabilitation inpatients' willingness and ability to complete patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and the burden of completion on patients and staff. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Two inpatient rehabilitation facilities. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with neurological disorders were assigned randomly to receive a nominal monetary incentive during or 1 month after the stay. DATA COLLECTION: Patients responded using a tablet computer or paper...
June 15, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595457/how-people-with-dementia-and-their-carers-adapt-their-homes-a-qualitative-study
#13
Frances Allen, Rebecca Cain, Caroline Meyer
The objective was to explore the ways in which people with dementia and their carers adapt their homes, including the barriers and use of available information. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 people with dementia and their informal carer. The collected data were analysed using thematic analysis. Three core themes emerged: Maintaining familiarity and coping with change, Having knowledge and finding knowledge and Meeting challenges through home adaptation. The most significant barriers to making home adaptations were lack of knowledge and maintaining familiarity...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575785/effect-of-season-of-birth-on-cord-blood-ige-and-ige-at-birth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Nugroho Harry Susanto, Don Vicendese, Agus Salim, Adrian J Lowe, Shyamali C Dharmage, Rachel Tham, Caroline Lodge, Frances Garden, Katie Allen, Cecilie Svanes, Joachim Heinrich, Michael J Abramson, Bircan Erbas
BACKGROUND: Elevated cord blood IgE is important on the pathway to allergic disease. The association between season of birth and infant cord blood IgE is not well-established. Study findings differ on which birth season is associated with higher cord blood IgE risk and its magnitude. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on season of birth and cord blood IgE. METHODS: We searched Medline, Web of Science, Scopus and ProQuest Health databases, and reviewed reference lists of articles that met the inclusion criteria...
August 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532329/adhd-a-critical-update-for-educational-professionals
#15
Sanne Te Meerman, Laura Batstra, Hans Grietens, Allen Frances
A medical approach towards behavioural problems could make professionals without a medical background, like teachers and other educational professionals feel inapt. In this article, we raise six scientifically grounded considerations regarding ADHD, currently the most prevalent childhood psychiatric diagnosis. These "need to knows" show just how misguided and potentially stigmatizing current conceptualizations of unruly behaviour have become. Some examples are given of how teachers are misinformed, and alternative ways of reporting about neuropsychological research are suggested...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505266/guidance-for-modifying-the-definition-of-diseases-a-checklist
#16
Jenny Doust, Per O Vandvik, Amir Qaseem, Reem A Mustafa, Andrea R Horvath, Allen Frances, Lubna Al-Ansary, Patrick Bossuyt, Robyn L Ward, Ina Kopp, Laragh Gollogly, Holger Schunemann, Paul Glasziou
Importance: No guidelines exist currently for guideline panels and others considering changes to disease definitions. Panels frequently widen disease definitions, increasing the proportion of the population labeled as unwell and potentially causing harm to patients. We set out to develop a checklist of issues, with guidance, for panels to consider prior to modifying a disease definition. Observations: We assembled a multidisciplinary, multicontinent working group of 13 members, including members from the Guidelines International Network, Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation working group, and the World Health Organisation...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490793/campanile-near-field-probes-fabricated-by-nanoimprint-lithography-on-the-facet-of-an-optical-fiber
#17
Giuseppe Calafiore, Alexander Koshelev, Thomas P Darlington, Nicholas J Borys, Mauro Melli, Aleksandr Polyakov, Giuseppe Cantarella, Frances I Allen, Paul Lum, Ed Wong, Simone Sassolini, Alexander Weber-Bargioni, P James Schuck, Stefano Cabrini, Keiko Munechika
One of the major challenges to the widespread adoption of plasmonic and nano-optical devices in real-life applications is the difficulty to mass-fabricate nano-optical antennas in parallel and reproducible fashion, and the capability to precisely place nanoantennas into devices with nanometer-scale precision. In this study, we present a solution to this challenge using the state-of-the-art ultraviolet nanoimprint lithography (UV-NIL) to fabricate functional optical transformers onto the core of an optical fiber in a single step, mimicking the 'campanile' near-field probes...
May 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370412/pthrp-12-48-modulates-the-bone-marrow-microenvironment-and-suppresses-human-osteoclast-differentiation-and-lifespan
#18
Archana Kamalakar, Charity L Washam, Nisreen S Akel, Bethany J Allen, Diarra K Williams, Frances L Swain, Kim Leitzel, Allan Lipton, Dana Gaddy, Larry J Suva
Bone is a common site for metastasis in breast cancer patients and is associated with a series of complications that significantly compromise patient survival, partially due to the advanced stage of disease at the time of detection. Currently, no clinically-approved biomarkers can identify or predict the development of bone metastasis. We recently identified a unique peptide fragment of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), PTHrP(12-48), as a validated serum biomarker in breast cancer patients that correlates with and predicts the presence of bone metastases...
July 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190414/untrained-consumer-assessment-of-the-eating-quality-of-european-beef-2-demographic-factors-have-only-minor-effects-on-consumer-scores-and-willingness-to-pay
#19
S P F Bonny, G E Gardner, D W Pethick, P Allen, I Legrand, J Wierzbicki, L J Farmer, R J Polkinghorne, J-F Hocquette
The beef industry must become more responsive to the changing market place and consumer demands. An essential part of this is quantifying a consumer's perception of the eating quality of beef and their willingness to pay for that quality, across a broad range of demographics. Over 19 000 consumers from Northern Ireland, Poland, Ireland and France each tasted seven beef samples and scored them for tenderness, juiciness, flavour liking and overall liking. These scores were weighted and combined to create a fifth score, termed the Meat Quality 4 score (MQ4) (0...
August 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182813/second-malignant-neoplasms-in-childhood-cancer-survivors-treated-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-oncology-centre
#20
Jia Wei Lim, Frances Sh Yeap, Yiong Huak Chan, Allen Ej Yeoh, Thuan Chong Quah, Poh Lin Tan
Introduction: One of the most feared complications of childhood cancer treatment is second malignant neoplasms (SMNs). This study evaluates the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of SMNs in a tertiary paediatric oncology centre in Singapore. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on patients diagnosed with childhood cancer under age 21 and treated at the National University Hospital, Singapore, from January 1990 to 15 April 2012. Case records of patients with SMNs were reviewed. Results: We identified 1124 cases of childhood cancers with a median follow-up of 3...
January 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
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