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Near-infrared fluorescence imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449134/characterizing-exogenous-mrna-delivery-trafficking-cytoplasmic-release-and-rna-protein-correlations-at-the-level-of-single-cells
#1
Jonathan L Kirschman, Sushma Bhosle, Daryll Vanover, Emmeline L Blanchard, Kristin H Loomis, Chiara Zurla, Kathryn Murray, Blaine C Lam, Philip J Santangelo
The use of synthetic messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) to express specific proteins is a highly promising therapeutic and vaccine approach that avoids many safety issues associated with viral or DNA-based systems. However, in order to optimize mRNA designs and delivery, technology advancements are required to study fundamental mechanisms of mRNA uptake and localization at the single-cell and tissue level. Here, we present a single RNA sensitive fluorescent labeling method which allows us to label and visualize synthetic mRNA without significantly affecting function...
April 26, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447574/optimized-longitudinal-monitoring-of-stem-cell-grafts-in-mouse-brain-using-a-novel-bioluminescent-near-infrared-fluorescent-fusion-reporter
#2
Laura Mezzanotte, Juvita Delancy Iljas, Ivo Que, Alan Chan, Eric Kaijzel, Rob Hoeben, Clemens Löwik
<p>Biodistribution and fate of transplanted stem cells via longitudinal monitoring has been successfully achievedin the last decade using optical imaging. However, sensitive longitudinal imaging of transplanted stem cells in deep tissue like the brain remains challenging not only due to low light penetration but because of other factors such as low or inferior expression levels of optical reporters in stem cells and stem cell death after transplantation. Here we describe an optimized imaging protocol for sensitive long term monitoring of human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) expressing a novel bioluminescent/near infrared fluorescent (NIRF) fusion reporter transplanted in mouse brain cortex...
April 26, 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446503/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-cetuximab-irdye800cw-to-identify-regional-metastatic-disease-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#3
Eben Rosenthal, Lindsay Moore, Kiranya Tipirneni, Esther de Boer, Todd M Stevens, Yolanda E Hartman, William R Carroll, Kurt R Zinn, Jason M Warram
Purpose: Comprehensive cervical lymphadenectomy can be associated with significant morbidity and poor quality of life. This study evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of cetuximab-IRDye800CW to identify metastatic disease in patients with head and neck cancer. <p>Experimental Design: Consenting patients scheduled for curative resection were enrolled in a clinical trial to evaluate the safety and specificity of cetuximab-IRDye800CW. Patients (n=12) received escalating doses of the study drug. Where indicated, cervical lymphadenectomy accompanied primary tumor resection, which occurred 3-7days following intravenous infusion of cetuximab-IRDye800CW...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445743/egfr-targeted-micelles-containing-near-infrared-dye-for-enhanced-photothermal-therapy-in-colorectal-cancer
#4
Ying-Hsia Shih, Tsai-Yueh Luo, Ping-Fang Chiang, Cheng-Jung Yao, Wuu-Jyh Lin, Cheng-Liang Peng, Ming-Jium Shieh
The purpose of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeted micelles loaded with IR-780 (Cetuximab/IR-780/micelles) for generating tumor targeting, multimodal images, and photothermal therapy (PTT). We initially studied the cellular uptake of these micelles using the HCT-116 and SW-620 cell lines. HCT-116 (high expression of EGFR) and SW-620 (low expression of EGFR) cell lines were used to examine biodistribution and antitumor effects of Cetuximab/IR-780/micelles...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442407/light-magnetic-hyperthermia-triggered-drug-released-from-multi-functional-thermo-sensitive-magnetoliposomes-for-precise-cancer-synergetic-theranostics
#5
Yuxin Guo, Yang Zhang, Jinyuan Ma, Qi Li, Yang Li, Xinyi Zhou, Dan Zhao, Hua Song, Qing Chen, Xuan Zhu
Precise delivery of antineoplastic drugs to specific tumor region has drawn much attention in recent years. Herein, a light/magnetic hyperthermia triggered drug delivery with multiple functionality is designed based on methotrexate (MTX) modified thermo-sensitive magnetoliposomes (MTX-MagTSLs). In this system, MTX and oleic acid modified magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) can be applied in biological and magnetic targeting. Meanwhile, lipophilic fluorescent dye Cy5.5 and MNPs are encapsulated into the bilayer of liposomes, which can not only achieve dual-imaging effect to verify the MTX-MagTSLs accumulation in tumor region, but also provide an appropriate laser irradiation region to release Doxorubicin (Dox) under alternating magnetic field (AMF)...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440832/nanoemitters-and-innate-immunity-the-role-of-surfactants-and-bio-coronas-in-myeloperoxidase-catalyzed-oxidation-of-pristine-single-walled-carbon-nanotubes
#6
Cheuk Fai Chiu, Haider H Dar, Alexandr A Kapralov, Renã A S Robinson, Valerian E Kagan, Alexander Star
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are experimentally utilized in in vivo imaging and photothermal cancer therapy owing to their unique physicochemical and electronic properties. For these applications, pristine carbon nanotubes are often modified by polymer surfactant coatings to improve their biocompatibility, adding more complexity to their recognition and biodegradation by immuno-competent cells. Here, we investigate the oxidative degradation of SWCNTs catalyzed by neutrophil myeloperoxidase (MPO) using bandgap near-infrared (NIR) photoluminescence and Raman spectroscopy...
April 25, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440435/mitochondria-targeting-and-near-infrared-fluorescence-imaging-of-a-novel-heptamethine-cyanine-anticancer-agent
#7
Juewei Ning, Baozhan Huang, Zeliang Wei, Wen'en Li, Huajie Zheng, Limei Ma, Zhihua Xing, Hai Niu, Wen Huang
The future of personalized cancer treatments relies on the development of functional agents that have tumor-targeted anticancer activities and can be detected in tumors using imaging. However, application of these functional agents in the clinic has been limited due to inefficient drug delivery, low specificity for tumor imaging, development of drug resistance, low signal-to-noise ratio and safety concerns regarding potential toxicity. Currently, the most common strategy to develop these functional agents is to conjugate therapeutic agents with the appropriate fluorescent probe...
April 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438704/folic-acid-decorated-polyamidoamine-dendrimer-exhibits-high-tumor-uptake-and-sustained-highly-localized-retention-in-solid-tumors-its-utility-for-local-sirna-delivery
#8
Leyuan Xu, W Andrew Yeudall, Hu Yang
The utility of folic acid (FA)-decorated polyamidoamine dendrimer G4 (G4-FA) as a vector was investigated for local delivery of siRNA. In a xenograft HN12 (or HN12-YFP) tumor mouse model of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), intratumorally (i.t.) injected G4-FA exhibited high tumor uptake and sustained highly localized retention in the tumors according to near infrared (NIR) imaging assessment. siRNA against vascular endothelial growth factor A (siVEGFA) was chosen as a therapeutic modality. Compared to the nontherapeutic treatment groups (PBS solution or dendrimer complexed with nontherapeutic green fluorescent protein siRNA [siGFP]), G4-FA/siVEGFA showed tumor inhibition effects in single-dose and two-dose regimen studies...
April 21, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438626/near-infrared-intraoperative-molecular-imaging-can-identify-metastatic-lymph-nodes-in-prostate-cancer
#9
Leilei Xia, Ryan Zeh, Jack Mizelle, Andrew Newton, Jarrod Predina, Shuming Nie, Sunil Singhal, Thomas J Guzzo
OBJECTIVE: To propose a novel method to perform indocyanine green (ICG) based near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging during pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) for prostate cancer patients with lymph node metastasis (LNM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prostate cancer cell line PC3 was used to establish xenograft model in NOD/SCID mouse. After tumor growth, mice were injected through the tail vein with ICG. Xenografts and surrounding tissues were imaged with NIR camera 24 hours after intravenous ICG and tumor-to-background ratios (TBRs) were calculated...
April 21, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437441/fluorescence-imaging-topography-scanning-system-for-intraoperative-multimodal-imaging
#10
Tri T Quang, Hye-Yeong Kim, Forrest Sheng Bao, Francis A Papay, W Barry Edwards, Yang Liu
Fluorescence imaging is a powerful technique with diverse applications in intraoperative settings. Visualization of three dimensional (3D) structures and depth assessment of lesions, however, are oftentimes limited in planar fluorescence imaging systems. In this study, a novel Fluorescence Imaging Topography Scanning (FITS) system has been developed, which offers color reflectance imaging, fluorescence imaging and surface topography scanning capabilities. The system is compact and portable, and thus suitable for deployment in the operating room without disturbing the surgical flow...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435447/a-unique-recombinant-fluoroprobe-targeting-activated-platelets-allows-in-vivo-detection-of-arterial-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-using-a-novel-three-dimensional-fluorescence-emission-computed-tomography-flect-technology
#11
Bock Lim, Yu Yao, Alex Lin-I Huang, May Lin Yap, Ulrike Flierl, Jathushan Palasubramaniam, Maria T K Zaldivia, Xiaowei Wang, Karlheinz Peter
Progress in pharmaceutical development is highly-dependent on preclinical in vivo animal studies. Small animal imaging is invaluable for the identification of new disease markers and the evaluation of drug efficacy. Here, we report for the first time the use of a three-dimensional fluorescence bioimager called FLuorescence Emission Computed Tomography (FLECT) for the detection of a novel recombinant fluoroprobe that is safe, easily prepared on a large scale and stably stored prior to scan. This novel fluoroprobe (Targ-Cy7) comprises a single-chain antibody-fragment (scFvTarg), which binds exclusively to activated-platelets, conjugated to a near-infrared (NIR) dye, Cy7, for detection...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433938/imaging-lysosomal-highly-reactive-oxygen-species-and-lighting-up-cancer-cells-and-tumors-enabled-by-a-si-rhodamine-based-near-infrared-fluorescent-probe
#12
Hongxing Zhang, Jing Liu, Chenlu Liu, Pengcheng Yu, Minjia Sun, Xiaohan Yan, Jian-Ping Guo, Wei Guo
Lysosomes have recently been regarded as the attractive pharmacological targets for selectively killing of cancer cells via lysosomal cell death (LCD) pathway that is closely associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the details on the ROS-induced LCD of cancer cells are still poorly understood, partially due to the absence of a lysosome-targetable, robust, and biocompatible imaging tool for ROS. In this work, we brought forward a Si-rhodamine-based fluorescent probe, named PSiR, which could selectively and sensitively image the pathologically more relavent highly reactive oxygen species (hROS: HClO, HO, and ONOO(-)) in lysosomes of cancer cells...
April 14, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433935/distinct-on-off-fluorescence-signals-from-dual-responsive-activatable-nanoprobes-allows-detection-of-inflammation-with-improved-contrast
#13
Mathieu L Viger, Guillaume Collet, Jacques Lux, Viet Anh Nguyen Huu, Monica Guma, Alexandra Foucault-Collet, Jason Olejniczak, Shivanjali Joshi-Barr, Gary S Firestein, Adah Almutairi
Visualization of biochemical changes associated with disease is of great clinical significance, as it should allow earlier, more accurate diagnosis than structural imaging, facilitating timely clinical intervention. Herein, we report combining stimuli-responsive polymers and near-infrared fluorescent dyes (emission max: 790 nm) to create robust activatable fluorescent nanoprobes capable of simultaneously detecting acidosis and oxidative stress associated with inflammatory microenvironments. The spectrally-resolved mechanism of fluorescence activation allows removal of unwanted background signal (up to 20-fold reduction) and isolation of a pure activated signal, which enables sensitive and unambiguous localization of inflamed areas; target-to-background ratios reach 22 as early as 3 h post-injection...
March 28, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433556/bolus-injections-of-novel-thrombogenic-site-targeted-fusion-proteins-comprising-annexin-v-and-kunitz-protease-inhibitors-attenuate-intimal-hyperplasia-after-balloon-angioplasty
#14
Yung-Hsin Yeh, Shang-Hung Chang, Shin-Yu Chen, Chih-Jen Wen, Fu-Chan Wei, Rui Tang, Sam Achilefu, Tze-Chein Wun, Wei-Jan Chen
BACKGROUND: Systemic administrations of conventional antithrombotics reduce neointima formation after angioplasty in experimental animals. However, clinical translation of these results has not been successful due to high risk for bleeding. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether novel annexin-V (ANV)-Kunitz protease inhibitor fusion proteins, TAP-ANV and ANV-6L15, can specifically target to vascular injury site and limit neointima formation without inducing systemic hypo-coagulation in a rat carotid artery balloon angioplasty injury model...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428038/non-invasive-tracking-of-hydrogel-degradation-using-upconversion-nanoparticles
#15
Yuqing Dong, Guorui Jin, Changchun Ji, Rongyan He, Min Lin, Xin Zhao, Ang Li, Tian Jian Lu, Feng Xu
Tracking the distribution and degradation of hydrogels in vivo is important for various applications including tissue engineering and drug delivery. Among various imaging modalities, fluorescence imaging has attracted intensive attention due to their high sensitivity, low cost and easy operation. Particularly, upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) that emit visible lights upon near-infrared (NIR) light excitation as tracking probes are promising in deciphering the fate of hydrogels after transplantation. Herein, we reported a facile and non-invasive in vivo hydrogel tracking method using UCNPs, where the degradation of hydrogels was determined using the decrease in fluorescence intensity from the UCNPs encapsulated in the hydrogels...
April 17, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424935/a-ratiometric-and-near-infrared-fluorescent-probe-for-imaging-cu-2-in-living-cells-and-animals
#16
Rui Guo, Qiuan Wang, Weiying Lin
We have rationally constructed a novel ratiometric and near-infrared Cu(2+) fluorescent probe based on a tricarbocyanine chromophore. The new probe NIR-Cu showed a ratiometric fluorescent response to Cu(2+) with a large emission wavelength shift (up to 142 nm) in the far-red to near-infrared region. The probe also displayed a large variation in the fluorescence ratio (I636/I778) to Cu(2+) species with high sensitivity and selectivity. Additionally, the developed probe NIR-Cu was suitable for fluorescence imaging of Cu(2+) in living cells and mice...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424513/super-multiplex-vibrational-imaging
#17
Lu Wei, Zhixing Chen, Lixue Shi, Rong Long, Andrew V Anzalone, Luyuan Zhang, Fanghao Hu, Rafael Yuste, Virginia W Cornish, Wei Min
The ability to visualize directly a large number of distinct molecular species inside cells is increasingly essential for understanding complex systems and processes. Even though existing methods have successfully been used to explore structure-function relationships in nervous systems, to profile RNA in situ, to reveal the heterogeneity of tumour microenvironments and to study dynamic macromolecular assembly, it remains challenging to image many species with high selectivity and sensitivity under biological conditions...
April 19, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421217/lighting-up-breast-cancer-cells-by-a-near-infrared-fluorescent-probe-based-on-kiaa1363-enzyme-targeting
#18
Jiangli Fan, Shigang Guo, Suzhen Wang, Yao Kang, Qichao Yao, Jia Wang, Xue Gao, Hongjiang Wang, Jianjun Du, Xiaojun Peng
The first NIR KIAA1363-targeting probe, NB-AX, specifically and instantly featured an "off-on" switch upon gradual addition of KIAA1363 over all kinds of other biomolecules, and its detection limit was initially calculated to be 0.58 μg mL(-1) (3δ/k). The probe was also able to be used in ultrafast distinguishing of breast cancer cells from normal cells in fluorescence imaging and applied in tissue imaging and tumor imaging in vivo.
April 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417902/a-nir-fluorescent-probe-for-rapid-detection-of-hg2-in-living-cells-and-vivo-mice-imaging
#19
Jiaoliang Wang, Liping Long, Li Xia, Fang Fang
A near-infrared fluorescent probe NIR-Hg ,for detection of Hg2+ ion, has been synthesized directly by condensing Changsha dye with 4-Phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazide and the structure has fully characterized by 1HNMR, 13CNMR, and ESI-MS. The probe has been designed, on the basis of the reaction that Hg2+ ion promotes thiosemicarbazide to oxazole in aqueous media and had been induced to produce turn-on fluorescence via an irreversible spirolactam ring-opening process. The probe NIR-Hg has exhibited fast response (1 min), high sensitivity with 44-fold fluorescence intensity enhancement under 6 equivalent of Hg2+ added, high selectivity over other related metal ions and the low detection limit of 5...
April 18, 2017: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416757/theranostic-imaging-of-liver-cancer-using-targeted-optical-mri-dual-modal-probes
#20
Qingshan Chen, Wenting Shang, Chaoting Zeng, Kun Wang, Xiaoyuan Liang, Chongwei Chi, Xiao Liang, Jian Yang, Chihua Fang, Jie Tian
The accurate preoperative detection and intraoperative navigation afforded by imaging techniques have had significant impact on the success of liver cancer surgeries. However, it is difficult to achieve satisfactory performance in both diagnosis and surgical treatment processes using any single modality imaging method. Here, we report the synthesis and characteristics of a novel dual-modality magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) probe and verify its feasibility in nude mouse models with liver cancer...
February 23, 2017: Oncotarget
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