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Near-infrared fluorescence imaging

Sorina Suarasan, Emilia Licarete, Simion Astilean, Ana-Maria Craciun
Nowadays, the non-linear optical effect of two-photon excited (TPE) fluorescence has recently grown in interest in recent years over other optical imaging method, due to improved 3D spatial resolution, deep penetrability and less photodamage of living organism owing to the excitation in near-infrared region (NIR). In parallel, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have gain considerable attention for NIR TPE bio-imaging applications due to their appealing ability to generate strong intrinsic photoluminescence (PL). Here, we demonstrate the capability of differently shaped gelatin-coated AuNPs to perform as reliable label-free contrast agents for the non-invasive NIR imaging of NIH:OVCAR-3 ovary cancer cells via TPE Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy (FLIM)...
March 14, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Mathew Geltzeiler, Ana Carolina Igami Nakassa, Meghan Turner, Pradeep Setty, George Zenonos, Andrea Hebert, Eric Wang, Juan Fernandez-Miranda, Carl Snyderman, Paul Gardner
BACKGROUND: Vascularized intranasal flaps are the primary reconstructive option for endoscopic skull base defects. Flap vascularity may be compromised by injury to the pedicle or prior endonasal surgery. There is currently no validated technique for intraoperative evaluation of intranasal flap viability. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of indocyanine green (ICG) near-infrared angiography in predicting the viability of pedicled intranasal flaps during endoscopic skull base surgery through a pilot study...
March 14, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Jaidip Jagtap, Gayatri Sharma, Abdul K Parchur, Venkateswara Gogineni, Carmen Bergom, Sarah White, Michael J Flister, Amit Joshi
Vascular supply is a critical component of the tumor microenvironment (TME) and is essential for tumor growth and metastasis, yet the endogenous genetic modifiers that impact vascular function in the TME are largely unknown. To identify the host TME modifiers of tumor vascular function, we combined a novel genetic mapping strategy [Consomic Xenograft Model] with near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging and multiparametric analysis of pharmacokinetic modeling. To detect vascular flow, an intensified cooled camera based dynamic NIR imaging system with 785 nm laser diode based excitation was used to image the whole-body fluorescence emission of intravenously injected indocyanine green dye...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Amy M Bittel, Ashley M Davis, Lei Wang, Michel A Nederlof, Jorge O Escobedo, Robert M Strongin, Summer L Gibbs
Multicolor microscopy tools necessary to localize and visualize the complexity of subcellular systems are limited by current fluorophore technology. While commercial fluorophores cover spectral space from the ultraviolet to the near infrared region and are optimized for conventional bandpass based fluorescence microscopy, they are not ideal for highly multiplexed fluorescence microscopy as they tend to have short Stokes shifts, restricting the number of fluorophores that can be detected in a single sample to four to five...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Felista L Tansi, Ronny Rüger, Ansgar M Kollmeier, Markus Rabenhold, Frank Steiniger, Roland E Kontermann, Ulf K Teichgraeber, Alfred Fahr, Ingrid Hilger
BACKGROUND: Endoglin (CD105) is overexpressed on tumor cells and tumor vasculatures, making it a potential target for diagnostic imaging and therapy of different neoplasms. Therefore, studies on nanocarrier systems designed for endoglin-directed diagnostic and drug delivery purposes would expose the feasibility of targeting endoglin with therapeutics. METHODS: Liposomes carrying high concentrations of a near-infrared fluorescent dye in the aqueous interior were prepared by the lipid film hydration and extrusion procedure, then conjugated to single chain antibody fragments either selective for murine endoglin (termed mEnd-IL) or directed towards human endoglin (termed hEnd-IL)...
March 12, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Xiaoye Yang, Xiaoqun Shi, Jianbo Ji, Guangxi Zhai
The development of imaging-guided smart drug delivery systems for combinational photodynamic/chemotherapy of the tumor has become highly demanded in oncology. Herein, redox-responsive theranostic polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated innovatively using low molecular weight heparin (LWMH) as the backbone. Chlorin e6 (Ce6) and alpha-tocopherol succinate (TOS) were conjugated to LMWH via cystamine as the redox-sensitive linker, forming amphiphilic Ce6-LMWH-TOS (CHT) polymer, which could self-assemble into NPs in water and encapsulate paclitaxel (PTX) inside the inner core (PTX/CHT NPs)...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Jaepyeong Cha, Aline Broch, Scott Mudge, Kihoon Kim, Jung-Man Namgoong, Eugene Oh, Peter Kim
Accurate, real-time identification and display of critical anatomic structures, such as the nerve and vasculature structures, are critical for reducing complications and improving surgical outcomes. Human vision is frequently limited in clearly distinguishing and contrasting these structures. We present a novel imaging system, which enables noninvasive visualization of critical anatomic structures during surgical dissection. Peripheral nerves are visualized by a snapshot polarimetry that calculates the anisotropic optical properties...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Shuhei Okuyama, Tadanobu Nagaya, Kazuhide Sato, Fusa Ogata, Yasuhiro Maruoka, Peter L Choyke, Hisataka Kobayashi
Near-infrared photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT), a promising cancer therapy utilizing an antibody-photoabsorber conjugate (APC) and NIR light, which induces rapid necrotic cell death only in APC-bound cells. Effective NIR-PIT in mouse models has been achieved using superficial light illumination (SLI) with light emitting diodes (LEDs) or lasers, but in the clinical setting, fiber optic diffusers have been employed to deliver light to deeper tumors. However, the performance of NIR light in tissue delivered by fiber optic diffusers is poorly understood...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
Nicole M Cordina, Nima Sayyadi, Lindsay M Parker, Arun Everest-Dass, Louise J Brown, Nicolle H Packer
Bio-imaging is a key technique in tracking and monitoring important biological processes and fundamental biomolecular interactions, however the interference of background autofluorescence with targeted fluorophores is problematic for many bio-imaging applications. This study reports on two novel methods for reducing interference with cellular autofluorescence for bio-imaging. The first method uses fluorescent nanodiamonds (FNDs), containing nitrogen vacancy centers. FNDs emit at near-infrared wavelengths typically higher than most cellular autofluorescence; and when appropriately functionalized, can be used for background-free imaging of targeted biomolecules...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Liuqi Peng, Xuan Mei, Jun He, Jiekun Xu, Weiku Zhang, Ruizheng Liang, Min Wei, David G Evans, Xue Duan
2D nanomaterials have attracted considerable research interest in drug delivery systems, owing to their intriguing quantum size and surface effect. Herein, Gd3+ -doped monolayered-double-hydroxide (MLDH) nanosheets are prepared via a facile bottom-up synthesis method, with a precisely controlled composition and uniform morphology. MLDH nanosheets as drug carrier are demonstrated in coloading of doxorubicin and indocyanine green (DOX&ICG), with an ultrahigh drug loading content (LC) of 797.36% and an encapsulation efficiency (EE) of 99...
March 14, 2018: Advanced Materials
Ruiqing Ni, Markus Vaas, Wuwei Ren, Jan Klohs
Oxygen metabolism and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. Using multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) imaging, we visualized in vivo changes in cerebral tissue oxygenation during 1 h of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) and at 48 h after reperfusion together with MMP activity using an MMP-activatable probe. The deoxyhemoglobin, oxyhemoglobin, and MMP signals were coregistered with structural magnetic resonance imaging data...
January 2018: Neurophotonics
Jing Yang, Jian Yang, Chongzhao Ran
Recent large-scale clinical analysis indicates that brown adipose tissue (BAT) mass levels inversely correlate with body-mass index (BMI), suggesting that BAT is associated with metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes. PET imaging with 18F-FDG is the most commonly used method for visualizing BAT. However, this method is not able to differentiate between BAT mass and BAT activation. This task, in fact, presents a tremendous challenge with no currently existing methods to separate BAT mass and BAT activation...
2018: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
Karen Strassel, Adrian Kaiser, Sandra Jenatsch, Anna Véron, Surendra Babu Anantharaman, Erwin Hack, Matthias Diethelm, Frank Alain Nüesch, Rian Aderne, Cristiano Legnani, Sergii Yakunin, Marco Cremona, Roland Hany
Efficient light detection in the near-infrared (NIR) wavelength region is central to emerging applications such as medical imaging and machine vision. An organic upconverter (OUC) consists of a NIR sensitive organic photodetector (OPD) and an organic visible light emitting diode (OLED), connected in series. The device converts NIR light directly to visible light, allowing pixelles imaging of a NIR scene in the visible. Here, we present an OUC composed of a NIR selective squaraine-dye based OPD and a fluorescent OLED...
March 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xu Zhen, Chen Xie, Kanyi Pu
Nanoparticles for photothermal therapy: Real-time temperature monitoring is critical to reduce the nonspecific damage during photothermal therapy (PTT); however, PTT agents that can emit temperature-related signals are rare and limited to few inorganic nanoparticles. We herein synthesize a semiconducting polymer nanococktail (SPNCT ) that can not only convert photo-energy to heat but also emit temperature-correlated luminescence after cessation of light excitation. Such an afterglow luminescence of the SPNCT detects tumors more sensitively than fluorescence as a result of the elimination of tissue autofluorescence, while its temperature-dependent nature allows tumor temperature to be optically monitored under near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation...
March 12, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Yu Cheng, Xiaoxiao Tan, Jinping Wang, Yidan Wang, Yilin Song, Qing You, Qi Sun, Li Liu, Siyu Wang, Fengping Tan, Jiao Li, Nan Li
Recently, ultrasmall gadolinium oxide (Gd2 O3 ) nanoparticles with high longitudinal relaxation rate have received enormous attention. However, it can't be concentrated in tumor site through intravenous administration due to its ultrasmall size. In this project, we coated ultrasmall Gd2 O3 nanoparticles with a near-infrared (NIR) light-absorbing polymer polypyrrole (PPy), modifying with hyaluronic acid (HA) and loaded aluminum phthalocyanine (AlPc), the Gd2 O3 @PPy/AlPc-HA nanoparticles could be used for fluorescence (FL)/magnetic resonance (MR)/photoacoustic (PA) imaging guided as well as remotely controlled PTT/PDT combined anti-tumor therapy...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Yohei Ishida, Akihiro Morita, Tomoharu Tokunaga, Tetsu Yonezawa
We herein present the preparation of short, bulky cationic thiolate (thiocholine) protected fluorescent Au nanoclusters via sputter deposition over a liquid polymer matrix. The obtained Au nanoclusters showed near-infrared fluorescence and had an average core diameter of 1.7 ± 0.6 nm, which is too large compared with that of the reported fluorescent Au nanoclusters prepared via chemical means. We revealed the mechanism of formation of this unique material using single-particle electron microscopy, optical measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and high-performance liquid chromatography fractionations...
March 12, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Jianqin Tang, Huige Zhou, Xiaoyang Hou, Liming Wang, Yaxi Li, Yanyu Pang, Chunying Chen, Guan Jiang, Yanqun Liu
Chemotherapy is an important treatment for malignant tumors; however, its efficacy and clinical application are limited by its side effects and drug resistance properties. Chemotherapy and phototherapy exhibit synergistic anti-tumor effects. In the present study, a carboxylated poly(amido-amine) (PAMAM) with low cytotoxicity was synthesized as a delivery nanocarrier for loading chemotherapeutic drugs, temozolomide (TMZ), and fluorescent dye indocyanine green (ICG). Hyaluronic acid (HA), which targets the CD44-overexpressing cancer cells, was modified on the nanocarrier surface to enhance the selective killing of melanoma cells...
March 7, 2018: Cancer Letters
Takashi Jin, Setsuko Tsuboi
For the highly sensitive near-infrared (NIR) optical detection of epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) expressed on cancer cells, bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) coupled NIR quantum dots (QDs) are prepared by direct conjugation of his-tagged Renilla luciferase (RLuc) recombinant protein (HisRLuc·GB1) to glutathione coated CdSeTe/CdS QDs (GSH-QDs). The recombinant protein has two functional groups consisting of a luciferase enzyme and an immunoglobulin binding domain (GB1) of protein G...
March 8, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Rongjun Liu, Liangliang Zhang, Yunyun Chen, Zirong Huang, Yong Huang, Shulin Zhao
Superoxide anion (O2•-) and hydroxyl radical (•OH) are important reactive oxygen species (ROS) used as biomarkers in physiological and pathological processes. The ROS generation is closely related to the development of a variety of inflammatory diseases. However, in situ tracing inflammation process by real time monitoring the changes of ROS is difficult owing to short half-lives of ROS and high tissue autofluorescence in vivo. Here we developed a new near-infrared (NIR) ratiometric fluorescence imaging approach by using a förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-base ratiometric fluorescent nanoprobe for real-time monitoring O2•- and •OH generation, and in situ tracing inflammation process in vivo...
March 7, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Cecilia Samaniego Lopez, Jimena Hebe Martínez, María Laura Uhrig, Federico Coluccio Leskow, Carla Cecilia Spagnuolo
We introduce a novel fluorescent molecular probe able to detect glycoproteins, especially mucins, with high sensitivity and with a turn-on response along with a large Stokes shift (>130 nm), within the biologically active window. The probe contains an aminotricarbocyanine as the fluorescent reporter with a linked benzoboroxole as the recognition unit, which operates through a dynamic covalent reaction between the boronic hemiester residue of the receptor and cis-diols of the analyte. The superior selectivity of the probe is displayed by the labeling of mucins present in Calu-3 cells...
March 7, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
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