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Fluorescence imaging in tumor mice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338043/redshifted-cherenkov-radiation-for-in-vivo-imaging-coupling-cherenkov-radiation-energy-transfer-to-multiple-f%C3%A3-rster-resonance-energy-transfers
#1
Yann Bernhard, Bertrand Collin, Richard A Decréau
Cherenkov Radiation (CR), this blue glow seen in nuclear reactors, is an optical light originating from energetic β-emitter radionuclides. CR emitter (90)Y triggers a cascade of energy transfers in the presence of a mixed population of fluorophores (which each other match their respective absorption and emission maxima): Cherenkov Radiation Energy Transfer (CRET) first, followed by multiple Förster Resonance Energy transfers (FRET): CRET ratios were calculated to give a rough estimate of the transfer efficiency...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315495/legumain-cleavable-4-arm-poly-ethylene-glycol-doxorubicin-conjugate-for-tumor-specific-delivery-and-release
#2
Huicong Zhou, Huanjiao Sun, Shixian Lv, Dawei Zhang, Xuefei Zhang, Zhaohui Tang, Xuesi Chen
Traditional chemotherapy strategy exists undesirable toxic side-effects to normal tissues due to the low selectively to cancer cells of micromolecule cytotoxic drugs. One considered method to realizing the targeted delivery and increasing the specificity to tumor tissues of the cytotoxic drug is to transporting and discharging it through an environment-sensitive mechanism. In this study, a novel enzyme-sensitive polymer-doxorubicin conjugate was designed to delivery chemotherapeutic drug in a tumor-specific behavior and selectively activated in tumor tissue...
March 14, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315202/validation-of-bevacizumab-therapy-effect-on-colon-cancer-subtypes-by-using-whole-body-imaging-in-mice
#3
Ivan Vuletic, Kedi Zhou, Hui Li, Huichen Bai, Xiangxi Meng, Sihao Zhu, Yichen Ding, Jun Li, Hongfang Sun, Qiushi Ren
PURPOSE: Preclinical imaging offers a useful tool for monitoring cancer biological behavior and therapy in vivo without the necessity of animal surgery. The following paper describes our examination of tumor progress and anti-angiogenic therapy with Bevacizumab on colon cancer subtypes (SW480 and SW620) by using different non-invasive real-time in vivo imaging techniques. PROCEDURES: Color Doppler ultrasound imaging (CDUI) was used to observe the formation of new blood vessels; a homemade fluorescence reflectance imaging (FRI) apparatus was mainly used to test the difference in VEGFR2 expression between the tumor subtypes...
March 17, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314258/antimetastatic-efficacy-of-the-combination-of-caffeine-and-valproic-acid-on-an-orthotopic-human-osteosarcoma-cell-line-model-in-nude-mice
#4
Kentaro Igarashi, Kei Kawaguchi, Tasuku Kiyuna, Takashi Murakami, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Hiroaki Kimura, Shinji Miwa, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya, Robert M Hoffman
AIM: We have previously reported that caffeine can enhance chemotherapy efficacy of bone and soft tissue sarcoma via cell-cycle perturbation. Valproic acid has histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitory activity. We have also reported the anti-tumor efficacy of combination treatment with caffeine and valproic acid against osteosarcoma primary tumors in a cell-line orthotopic mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we performed combination treatment of caffeine and valproic acid on osteosarcoma cell lines in vitro and in spontaneous and experimental lung metastasis mouse models of osteosarcoma...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314255/anti-metastatic-efficacy-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-tcm-ginsenoside-conjugated-to-a-vefgr-3-antibody-on-human-gastric-cancer-in-an-orthotopic-mouse-model
#5
Xiaojun Dai, Dongmei Liu, Moxiang Liu, Xiaochun Zhang, Weiming Wang, Feng Jin, Yayun Qian, Xuanyi Wang, Jingjing Zhao, Yongjian Wu, Fangfang Xiong, N A Chang, Y U Sun, Zhijian Yang, Robert M Hoffman, Yanqing Liu
Background/Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), VEGFR-3 antibody-conjugated ginsenoside Rg3nanoemulsion (VRIN), targeting lymphangiogenesis, on the inhibition of tumor growth and metastasis in an orthotopic mouse model of human gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: An orthotopic nude-mouse model of gastric cancer was established with the red fluorescent protein (RFP)-expressing human gastric cancer cell line NUGC-4-RFP. The tumor-bearing mice were treated with vehicle (0...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300287/analysis-of-stroma-labeling-during-multiple-passage-of-a-sarcoma-imageable-patient-derived-orthotopic-xenograft-ipdox-in-red-fluorescent-protein-transgenic-nude-mice
#6
Tasuku Kiyuna, Takashi Murakami, Yasunori Tome, Kei Kawaguchi, Kentaro Igarashi, Kentaro Miyake, Fuminori Kanaya, Arun Singh, Fritz C Eilber, Robert M Hoffman
A patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) model of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) was previously established that acquired red fluorescent protein (RFP)-expressing stroma by growth in an RFP transgenic nude mouse. In the present study, an imageable PDOX model (iPDOX) of UPS was established by orthotopic implantation in the biceps femoris of transgenic RFP nude mice. After the tumors grew to a diameter of 10 mm, they were harvested and the brightest portion of the tumors were subsequently orthotopically transplanted to both RFP and non-colored nude mice...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299923/amphiphilic-semiconducting-oligomer-for-near-infrared-photoacoustic-and-fluorescence-imaging
#7
Chao Yin, Xu Zhen, Hui Zhao, Yufu Tang, Yu Ji, Yan Lyu, Quli Fan, Wei Huang, Kanyi Pu
Semiconducting polymer nanoparticles (SPNs) have emerged as an alternative class of optical nanoagents for imaging applications. However, the general preparation method for SPNs is nanoprecipitation, which is likely to encounter the issue of nanoparticle dissociation. We herein report non-dissociable near-infrared (NIR)-absorbing organic semiconducting nanoparticles for in vivo photoacoustic (PA) and fluorescence imaging. The nanoparticles are self-assembled from an amphiphilic semiconducting oligomer (ASO) that has a hydrophobic semiconducting oligomer backbone attached by hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) side chains...
March 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296388/degradable-semiconducting-oligomer-amphiphile-for-ratiometric-photoacoustic-imaging-of-hypochlorite
#8
Chao Yin, Xu Zhen, Quli Fan, Wei Huang, Kanyi Pu
Upregulation of highly reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hypochlorite (ClO-) is associated with many pathological conditions including cardiovascular diseases, neuron degeneration, lung injury and cancer. However, real-time imaging of ClO- is limited to the probes generally relying on fluorescence with shallow tissue-penetration depth. We here propose a self-assembly approach to develop activatable and degradable photoacoustic (PA) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging of ClO-. A near-infrared (NIR) absorbing amphiphilic oligomer was synthesized to undergo degradation in the presence of a specific ROS (ClO-), which integrates a π-conjugated but ClO- oxidizable backbone with hydrophilic PEG side chains...
March 15, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292180/immunopet-and-near-infrared-fluorescence-imaging-of-pancreatic-cancer-with-a-dual-labeled-bispecific-antibody-fragment
#9
Haiming Luo, Christopher G England, Shreya Goel, Stephen A Graves, Fanrong Ai, Bai Liu, Charles P Theuer, Hing C Wong, Robert J Nickles, Weibo Cai
Dual-targeted imaging agents have shown improved targeting efficiencies in comparison to single-targeted entities. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively assess the tumor accumulation of a dual-labeled heterobifunctional imaging agent, targeting two overexpressed biomarkers in pancreatic cancer, using positron emission tomography (PET) and near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging modalities. A bispecific immunoconjugate (heterodimer) of CD105 and tissue factor (TF) Fab' antibody fragments was developed using click chemistry...
March 14, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284105/surface-engineering-of-semiconducting-polymer-nanoparticles-for-amplified-photoacoustic-imaging
#10
Xu Zhen, Xiaohua Feng, Chen Xie, Yuanjin Zheng, Kanyi Pu
Despite the deeper tissue penetration of photoacoustic (PA) imaging, its sensitivity is generally lower than optical imaging. This fact partially restricts the applications of PA imaging and greatly stimulates the development of sensitive PA imaging agents. We herein report that the surface coating of semiconducting polymer nanoparticles (SPNs) with the silica layer can simultaneously amplify fluorescence and PA brightness while maintaining their photothermal conversion efficiency nearly unchanged. As compared with the bare SPNs, the silica-coated SPNs (SPNs-SiO2) have higher photothermal heating rate in the initial stage of laser irradiation due to the higher interfacial thermal conductance between the silica layer and water relative to that between the SP and water...
March 6, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282993/thermosensitive-porphyrin-incorporated-hydrogel-with-four-arm-peg-pcl-copolymer-ii-doxorubicin-loaded-hydrogel-as-a-dual-fluorescent-drug-delivery-system-for-simultaneous-imaging-tracking-in-vivo
#11
Xia Dong, Hongli Chen, Jingwen Qin, Chang Wei, Jie Liang, Tianjun Liu, Deling Kong, Feng Lv
Visualization of a drug delivery system could reveal the pharmacokinetic properties, which is essential for the design of a novel drug delivery system. In vivo optical imaging offers an advanced tool to monitor the drug release process and the therapeutic effect by the combination of fluorescence imaging and bioluminescence imaging. Multispectral fluorescence imaging can separate the drug and the carrier without interference. Herein, a dual fluorescent anti-tumor drug delivery system was monitored with the doxorubicin-loaded hydrogel to further explore the application of the porphyrin-incorporated hydrogel with four-arm PEG-PCL copolymer as a drug carrier, based on the beneficial fluorescence and good biocompatibility of the porphyrin incorporated hydrogel...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279737/targeting-tumors-with-cyclic-rgd-conjugated-lipid-nanoparticles-loaded-with-an-ir780-nir-dye-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#12
Jungyoon Choi, Emilie Rustique, Maxime Henry, Mélanie Guidetti, Véronique Josserand, Lucie Sancey, Jérôme Boutet, Jean-Luc Coll
Like several 50nm-large nanocarriers, lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) can passively accumulate in tumors through the Enhanced Permeability and Retention effect. In this study, we developed PEGylated LNPs loaded with IR780 iodide as a contrast agent for NIR fluorescence imaging and modified them with cyclic RGD peptides in order to target integrin avβ3. We demonstrate a specific targeting of the receptor with cRGD-LNPs but not with cRAD-LNP and standard LNP using HEK293(β3), HEK293(β3)-αvRFP, DU145 and PC3 cell lines...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274312/-establishment-of-a-human-bladder-cancer-cell-line-stably-co-expressing-hspry2-and-luciferase-genes-and-its-subcutaneous-tumor-xenograft-model-in-nude-mice
#13
Xiaotao Yin, Fanglong Li, Yipeng Jin, Zhaoyang Yin, Siyong Qi, Shuai Wu, Zicheng Wang, Lin Wang, Jiyun Yu, Jiangping Gao
Objective To establish a human bladder cancer cell line stably co-expressing human sprouty2 (hSPRY2) and luciferase (Luc) genes simultaneously, and develop its subcutaneous tumor xenograft model in nude mice. Methods The hSPRY2 and Luc gene segments were amplified by PCR, and were cloned into lentiviral vector pCDH and pLVX respectively to produce corresponding lentivirus particles. The J82 human bladder cancer cells were infected with these two kinds of lentivirus particles, and then further screened by puromycin and G418...
March 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256824/indocyanine-green-loaded-magnetic-carbon-nanoparticles-for-near-infrared-fluorescence-magnetic-resonance-dual-modal-imaging-and-photothermal-therapy-of-tumor
#14
Saijie Song, He Shen, Tao Yang, Lina Wang, Han Fu, Huabing Chen, Zhijun Zhang
Malignant tumor incidences have been rapidly rising recently and are becoming a serious threat to human health. Herein, a multifunctional cancer targeted theranostic nanoplatform is developed by in situ growth of iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles on carbon nanoparticles, and then loaded with fluorescent dye indocyanine green (ICG@MCNPs). The loading of ICG on the nanoplatform significantly improves its photostability, and hence facilitates long-term near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging and efficient photothermal therapy (PTT) of tumor...
March 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255355/hybrid-imaging-labels-providing-the-link-between-mass-spectrometry-based-molecular-pathology-and-theranostics
#15
Tessa Buckle, Steffen van der Wal, Stijn J M van Malderen, Larissa Müller, Joeri Kuil, Vincent van Unen, Ruud J B Peters, Margaretha E M van Bemmel, Liam A McDonnell, Aldrik H Velders, Frits Koning, Frank Vanhaeke, Fijs W B van Leeuwen
BACKGROUND: Development of theranostic concepts that include inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and laser ablation ICP-MS (LA-ICP-MS) imaging can be hindered by the lack of a direct comparison to more standardly used methods for in vitro and in vivo evaluation; e.g. fluorescence or nuclear medicine. In this study a bimodal (or rather, hybrid) tracer that contains both a fluorescent dye and a chelate was used to evaluate the existence of a direct link between mass spectrometry (MS) and in vitro and in vivo molecular imaging findings using fluorescence and radioisotopes...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255343/hyaluronic-acid-conjugated-magnetic-prussian-blue-quantum-dot-nanoparticles-for-cancer-theranostics
#16
Yongbo Yang, Lijia Jing, Xiaoda Li, Li Lin, Xiuli Yue, Zhifei Dai
A multifunctional nanotheranostic agent was developed by conjugating both hyaluronic acid and bovine serum albumin coated CuInS2-ZnS quantum dots onto the surface of magnetic Prussian blue nanoparticles. The obtained nanoagent could serve as an efficient contrast agent to simultaneously enhance near infrared (NIR) fluorescence and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging greatly. The coexistence of magnetic core and CD44 ligand hyaluronic acid was found to largely improve the specific uptake of the nanoagent by CD44 overexpressed HeLa cells upon applying an external magnetic field...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255342/dual-targeted-and-ph-sensitive-doxorubicin-prodrug-microbubble-complex-with-ultrasound-for-tumor-treatment
#17
Wanxian Luo, Ge Wen, Li Yang, Jiao Tang, Jianguo Wang, Jihui Wang, Shiyu Zhang, Li Zhang, Fei Ma, Liling Xiao, Ying Wang, Yingjia Li
In this study, we investigated the potential of a dual-targeted pH-sensitive doxorubicin prodrug-microbubble complex (DPMC) in ultrasound (US)-assisted antitumor therapy. The doxorubicin prodrug (DP) consists of a succinylated-heparin carrier conjugated with doxorubicin (DOX) via hydrazone linkage and decorated with dual targeting ligands, folate and cRGD peptide. Combination of microbubble (MB) and DP, generated via avidin-biotin binding, promoted intracellular accumulation and improved therapeutic efficiency assisted by US cavitation and sonoporation...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245866/structural-cartilage-damage-attracts-circulating-rheumatoid-arthritis-synovial-fibroblasts-into-affected-joints
#18
Jan Hillen, Christiane Geyer, Marianne Heitzmann, Denise Beckmann, Annika Krause, Ina Winkler, Hermann Pavenstädt, Christoph Bremer, Thomas Pap, Adelheid Korb-Pap
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) are known to travel via the bloodstream from sites of cartilage destruction to new locations where they reinitiate the destructive processes at distant articular cartilage surfaces. In this study, we examined the role of interleukin (IL)-1-induced cartilage changes and their chemotactic effect on RASF transmigratory capacity. METHODS: To investigate synovial fibroblast (SF) transmigration through endothelial layers, we used a modified Boyden chamber with an endothelioma cell layer (bEnd...
February 28, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245129/effect-of-dye-and-conjugation-chemistry-on-the-biodistribution-profile-of-near-infrared-labeled-nanobodies-as-tracers-for-image-guided-surgery
#19
Pieterjan Debie, Jannah Van Quathem, Inge Hansen, Gezim Bala, Sam Massa, Nick Devoogdt, Catarina Xavier, Sophie Hernot
Advances in optical imaging technologies have stimulated the development of near-infrared (NIR) fluorescently labeled targeted probes for use in image-guided surgery. As nanobodies have already proven to be excellent candidates for molecular imaging, we aimed in this project to design NIR-conjugated nanobodies targeting the tumor biomarker HER2 for future applications in this field and to evaluate the effect of dye and dye conjugation chemistry on their pharmacokinetics during development. IRDye800CW or IRdye680RD were conjugated either randomly (via lysines) or site-specifically (via C-terminal cysteine) to the anti-HER2 nanobody 2Rs15d...
March 9, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221751/molecular-engineering-and-design-of-semiconducting-polymer-dots-with-narrow-band-near-infrared-emission-for-in-vivo-biological-imaging
#20
Chi-Shiang Ke, Chia-Chia Fang, Jia-Ying Yan, Po-Jung Tseng, Joseph R Pyle, Chuan-Pin Chen, Shu-Yi Lin, Jixin Chen, Xuanjun Zhang, Yang-Hsiang Chan
This article describes the design and synthesis of donor-bridge-acceptor-based semiconducting polymer dots (Pdots) that exhibit narrow-band emissions, ultrahigh brightness, and large Stokes shifts in the near-infrared (NIR) region. We systematically investigated the effect of π-bridges on the fluorescence quantum yields of the donor-bridge-acceptor-based Pdots. The Pdots could be excited by a 488 or 532 nm laser and have a high fluorescence quantum yield of 33% with a Stokes shift of more than 200 nm. The emission full width at half-maximum of the Pdots can be as narrow as 29 nm, about 2...
February 23, 2017: ACS Nano
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