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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817437/surgicopathological-quality-control-and-protocol-adherence-to-lymphadenectomy-in-the-critics-gastric-cancer-trial
#1
Yvette H M Claassen, Wobbe O de Steur, Henk H Hartgrink, Johan L Dikken, Johanna W van Sandick, Nicole C T van Grieken, Annemiek Cats, Anouk K Trip, Edwin P M Jansen, Willemina M Meershoek-Klein Kranenbarg, Jeffrey P B M Braak, Hein Putter, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Marcel Verheij, Cornelis J H van de Velde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate surgicopathological quality and protocol adherence for lymphadenectomy in the CRITICS trial. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical quality assurance is a key element in multimodal studies for gastric cancer. In the multicenter CRITICS trial (ChemoRadiotherapy after Induction chemotherapy In Cancer of the Stomach), patients with resectable gastric cancer were randomized for preoperative chemotherapy, followed by gastrectomy with a D1+ lymphadenectomy (removal of stations 1 to 9 and 11), followed by either chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy...
August 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816940/signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-early-gastric-cancer-is-endoscopic-treatment-really-risky
#2
Sun Hyung Kang, Joo Seok Kim, Hee Seok Moon, Eaum Seok Lee, Seok Hyun Kim, Jae Kyu Sung, Byung Seok Lee, Hyun Yong Jeong
Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRC) is a poorly differentiated cancer of the stomach. Generally, poorly differentiated cancer is believed to show poor prognosis and aggressive behavior. Recently, however, there is debate on the aggressiveness of SRC in early gastric cancer (EGC). We therefore studied postoperation biopsies to investigate the aggressiveness of SRC in EGC.We reviewed medical records of patients with EGC who had surgery from January 2011 to December 2015 in a tertiary hospital in Daejeon, South Korea...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816381/non-exposed-endoscopic-wall-inversion-surgery-for-submucosal-tumor-of-the-duodenum-a-novel-case-report
#3
Prasit Mahawongkajit, Ajjana Techagumpuch, Pakkavuth Chanswangphuvana
Laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery for duodenal tumor is the precise oncologic resection procedure and the closure of the defect (1). Non-exposed Endoscopic Wall-inversion Surgery (NEWS) is a novel minimally invasive technique for gastric submucosal mass (SMT) and early gastric cancer having advantageous precision to determine the resection line with no risk of peritoneal contamination (2-5). We describe the NEWS technique that we applied and performed for a small duodenal SMT. This article is protected by copyright...
August 17, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815471/impact-of-centralizing-gastric-cancer-surgery-on-treatment-morbidity-and-mortality
#4
S D Nelen, L Heuthorst, R H A Verhoeven, F Polat, Ph M Kruyt, K Reijnders, F T J Ferenschild, J J Bonenkamp, J E Rutter, J H W de Wilt, E J Spillenaar Bilgen
INTRODUCTION: Centralization of gastric cancer surgery is thought to improve outcome and has been imposed in the Netherlands since 2012. This study analyzes the effect of centralization in terms of treatment outcome and survival in the Eastern part of the Netherlands. METHODS: All gastric cancer patients without distant metastases who underwent a gastrectomy in six hospitals in the Eastern part of the Netherlands between 2008 and 2011 (pre-centralization) and 2013-2016 (post-centralization) were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812328/prognostic-significance-of-daxx-ncr-nuclear-cytoplasmic-ratio-in-gastric-cancer
#5
Jian-Feng Xu, Zhi-Guang Zhao, Le-le Ye, Weishan Zhuge, Zheng Han, Te-Ming Zhang, Si-Si Ye, Wen-Jing Chen, Shanli Zhu, Li Shi, Jun Zhang, Ai-Zhen Guo, Xiang-Yang Xue, Xian Shen
In addition to regulating apoptosis via its interaction with the death domain of Fas receptor, death domain associated protein 6 (Daxx) is also known to be involved in transcriptional regulation, suggesting that the function of Daxx depends on its subcellular localization. In this study, we aimed to explore Daxx subcellular localization in gastric cancer (GC) cells and correlate the findings with clinical data in GC patients. Seventy pairs of tissue samples (GC and adjacent normal tissue) were analyzed immunohistochemically for Daxx expression and localization (nuclear and cytoplasmic)...
August 15, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808875/ssat-state-of-the-art-conference-current-surgical-management-of-gastric-tumors
#6
Jeffrey A Norton, Teresa Kim, Joseph Kim, Martin D McCarter, Kaitlyn J Kelly, Joyce Wong, Jason K Sicklick
INTRODUCTION: The current era of gastric surgery is marked by low morbidity and mortality rates, innovative strategies to approach resections with a minimally invasive fashion or hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), as well as improved understanding of the biology of sporadic and hereditary stromal, neuroendocrine, and epithelial malignancies. METHODS: In 2017, the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract convened a State-of-the-Art Conference on Current Surgical Management of Gastric Tumors with both international experts and emerging leaders in the field of gastric surgery...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808566/laparoscopic-double-tract-reconstruction-after-total-gastrectomy-for-postoperative-duodenal-surveillance-case-series
#7
Ryota Otsuka, Hideki Hayashi, Naoyuki Hanari, Hisashi Gunji, Koichi Hayano, Masayuki Kano, Hisahiro Matsubara
INTRODUCTION: When gastric cancer or carcinoid patients have coexisting diseases such as duodenal adenoma, FAP, or Crohn's disease, periodic observation of the duodenum is necessary. METHODS: Between August 2013 and April 2015, we performed four consecutive laparoscopic total gastrectomies with double tract reconstruction for duodenal surveillance. Three of the patients were diagnosed with gastric cancer, while the remaining patient was diagnosed with gastric carcinoid...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807364/initial-results-of-the-oesophageal-and-gastric-cancer-registry-from-the-comunidad-valenciana
#8
Javier Escrig, Fernando Mingol, Roberto Martí, José Puche, Ramón Trullenque, José Antonio Barreras, Francisco Asencio, Javier Aguiló, José Manuel Navarro, Carmen Alberich, Dolores Salas, Francisco Javier Lacueva
AIMS: To evaluate the initial results of the oesophagogastric cancer registry developed for the Sociedad Valenciana de Cirugía and the Health Department of the Comunidad Valenciana (Spain). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen of the 24 public hospitals belonging to the Comunidad Valenciana participated. All patients with diagnosis of oesophageal or gastric carcinomas operated from January 2013 to December 2014 were evaluated. Demographic, clinical and pathological data were analysed...
August 11, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804629/clinical-presentation-and-treatment-of-gastric-metastasis-from-other-malignancies-of-solid-organs
#9
Tsutomu Namikawa, Eri Munekage, Maho Ogawa, Toyokazu Oki, Masaya Munekage, Hiromichi Maeda, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Takeki Sugimoto, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
The aim of the present study was to analyze the clinicopathologic features and treatment outcomes of gastric metastasis from other malignancies of solid organs. A review was conducted of patients with metastatic tumors in the stomach from other malignancies of solid organs detected endoscopically at the Department of Surgery, Kochi Medical School, from January 1991 to December 2015. Seven patients (four men and three women), with a median age of 64 years (range, 42-71 years), had metastatic gastric tumors. Median tumor size was 7...
August 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799174/abdominal-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-following-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-using-an-in-situ-right-gastroepiploic-artery-graft
#10
Keita Yano, Hideki Tsubota, Yoshio Arai, Toshihiro Abe, Michiya Hanyu
BACKGROUND: The right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) is often used for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in Japan. As gastric cancer has a high prevalence in many Asian countries, we investigated problems with surgery for gastric cancer after CABG using the RGEA. METHODS: A total of 860 patients underwent CABG using the RGEA between January 1997 and December 2006. Of these, 13 patients underwent surgery for gastric cancer after CABG. In all cases, the RGEA was harvested by the skeletonization technique, and an antegastric route was used for the anastomosis...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797755/failure-to-rescue-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-esophageal-or-gastric-cancer
#11
L A Busweiler, D Henneman, J L Dikken, M Fiocco, M I van Berge Henegouwen, B P Wijnhoven, R van Hillegersberg, C Rosman, M W Wouters, J W van Sandick
BACKGROUND: Complex surgical procedures such as esophagectomy and gastrectomy for cancer are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate trends in postoperative morbidity, mortality, and associated failure-to-rescue (FTR), in patients who underwent a potentially curative resection for esophageal or gastric cancer in the Netherlands, and to investigate differences between the two groups. METHODS: All patients with esophageal or gastric cancer who underwent a potentially curative resection, registered in the Dutch Upper GI Cancer Audit (DUCA) between 2011 and 2014, were included...
July 29, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797248/the-role-of-bariatric-surgery-to-treat-diabetes-current-challenges-and-perspectives
#12
REVIEW
Chrysi Koliaki, Stavros Liatis, Carel W le Roux, Alexander Kokkinos
Bariatric surgery is emerging as a powerful weapon against severe obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Given its role in metabolic regulation, the gastrointestinal tract constitutes a meaningful target to treat T2DM, especially in light of accumulating evidence that surgery with gastrointestinal manipulations may result in T2DM remission (metabolic surgery). The major mechanisms mediating the weight loss-independent effects of bariatric surgery comprise effects on tissue-specific insulin sensitivity, β-cell function and incretin responses, changes in bile acid composition and flow, modifications of gut microbiota, intestinal glucose metabolism and increased brown adipose tissue metabolic activity...
August 10, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796840/yes-research-matters
#13
Mari L Shinohara
My father was diagnosed with stomach cancer recently. Luckily, it was still at an early stage, and endoscopic surgery successfully took care of it. My father was fortunate; since people with stomach cancer do not show clear symptoms in the early stages, the disease is often not diagnosed until it becomes advanced. In his case, the diagnosis started from a suggestion by his doctor to check whether he had a gastric infection with Helicobacter pylori, a bacterial species found in the digestive tract. In Japan, where he lives, a majority of gastric cancer patients (more than 99%) have been infected with H...
August 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796039/early-postoperative-tumor-marker-responses-provide-a-robust-prognostic-indicator-for-n3-stage-gastric-cancer
#14
Qingrui Zhang, Hui Qu, Guorui Sun, Zhiqiang Li, Shuzhen Ma, Zhenxing Shi, Ensheng Zhao, Hao Zhang, Qingsi He
The clinical significance of tumor markers after radical gastrectomy has not been well characterized. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prognostic value of early postoperative tumor marker normalization in N3 stage gastric cancer (GC) patients. A total of 259 N3 stage GC patients with preoperatively elevated carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA, >5 ng/mL) or carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9, >37 U/mL) levels underwent radical gastrectomy were analyzed retrospectively. Early postoperative tumor marker response was considered as a normalization of CEA or CA19-9 levels 4 weeks after surgery...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795364/survival-benefit-of-additional-surgery-after-non-curative-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-early-gastric-cancer-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#15
Sho Suzuki, Takuji Gotoda, Waku Hatta, Tsuneo Oyama, Noboru Kawata, Akiko Takahashi, Yoshikazu Yoshifuku, Shu Hoteya, Masahiro Nakagawa, Masaaki Hirano, Mitsuru Esaki, Mitsuru Matsuda, Ken Ohnita, Kohei Yamanouchi, Motoyuki Yoshida, Osamu Dohi, Jun Takada, Keiko Tanaka, Shinya Yamada, Tsuyotoshi Tsuji, Hirotaka Ito, Yoshiaki Hayashi, Tooru Shimosegawa
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies comparing survival outcomes between patients who did and did not undergo additional surgery after non-curative endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer (EGC) were limited in that the baseline characteristics differed significantly between the groups. We aimed to address this limitation and compared survival outcomes between these two groups using propensity score matching analysis. METHODS: The study enrolled 1969 consecutive patients who underwent non-curative ESD for EGC between 2000 and 2011 at any of 19 institutions across Japan...
August 9, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795271/efficacy-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-with-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-for-the-treatment-of-obese-severe-diabetes-patients-in-japan-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#16
Takeshi Naitoh, Kazunori Kasama, Yosuke Seki, Masayuki Ohta, Takashi Oshiro, Akira Sasaki, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Hideki Hayashi, Hirofumi Imoto, Naoki Tanaka, Michiaki Unno
BACKGROUND: The incidence of obesity with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is increasing in Japan. The main bariatric surgery procedures in Japan are laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and LSG with duodenal-jejunal bypass (LSG/DJB) because of the high incidence of gastric cancer and difficulty exploring a remnant stomach after gastric bypass. However, few studies have compared the antidiabetic effect of LSG/DJB with LSG alone. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the antidiabetic effect of LSG/DJB with that of LSG alone in Japanese obese diabetic patients...
August 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793921/standardising-the-reporting-of-outcomes-in-gastric-cancer-surgery-trials-protocol-for-the-development-of-a-core-outcome-set-and-accompanying-outcome-measurement-instrument-set-the-gastros-study
#17
Bilal Alkhaffaf, Anne-Marie Glenny, Jane M Blazeby, Paula Williamson, Iain A Bruce
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Whilst surgery is the mainstay of curative treatment, it is associated with significant risks. Surgical strategies for treating gastric cancer should be based on evidence from systematic reviews of well-designed randomised controlled trials. However, inconsistencies in the reporting of outcomes from these trials makes evidence synthesis unreliable. We present a protocol for an international consensus study to develop a standardised set of outcomes and measurement tools - a 'core outcome set' (COS) - to be used by all future trials examining therapeutic surgical interventions for gastric cancer...
August 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791995/-morphological-and-immunohistochemical-features-of-severe-gastric-dysplasia-and-early-gastric-cancer
#18
L M Mikhaleva, A E Biryukov
AIM: to investigate the morphological and immunohistochemical features of severe gastric dysplasia (SGD) and early gastric cancer (EGC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The fragments of gastric tumor tissue with adjacent mucosal portions from 50 patients aged from 34 to 79 years (mean age 63.8 years), which had been removed during organ-sparing endoscopic surgery, were histologically, histochemical, and immunohistochemically (IHC) examined. RESULTS: In EGC, there was a preponderance of intestinal-type cancer; the adjacent mucosal areas showed foci of SGD and colonic metaplasia in 100%...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791679/effect-of-age-on-rates-of-palliative-surgery-and-chemotherapy-use-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-or-metastatic-gastric-cancer
#19
S D Nelen, M van Putten, V E P P Lemmens, K Bosscha, J H W de Wilt, R H A Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: This study assessed trends in the treatment and survival of palliatively treated patients with gastric cancer, with a focus on age-related differences. METHODS: For this retrospective, population-based, nationwide cohort study, all patients diagnosed between 1989 and 2013 with non-cardia gastric cancer with metastasized disease or invasion into adjacent structures were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Trends in treatment and 2-year overall survival were analysed and compared between younger (age less than 70 years) and older (aged 70 years or more) patients...
August 9, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790411/prognostic-value-of-a-25-gene-assay-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-after-curative-resection
#20
Xiaohong Wang, Yiqiang Liu, Zhaojian Niu, Runjia Fu, Yongning Jia, Li Zhang, Duanfang Shao, Hong Du, Ying Hu, Xiaofang Xing, Xiaojing Cheng, Lin Li, Ting Guo, Ziyu Li, Qunsheng Ji, Lianhai Zhang, Jiafu Ji
This study aimed to develop and validate a practical, reliable assay for prognosis and chemotherapy benefit prediction compared with conventional staging in Gastric cancer (GC). Twenty-three candidate genes with significant correlation between quantitative hybridization and microarray results plus 2 reference genes were selected to form a 25-gene prognostic classifier, which can classify patients into 3 distinct groups of different risk of mortality obtained by analyzing microarray data from 78 frozen tumor specimens...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
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