keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hospitals

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793213/end-stage-renal-disease-models-in-the-americas-optimizing-resources-to-achieve-better-health-outcomes
#1
Ramiro E Gilardino, Eduardo González-Pier, Claudia Brabata
End-stage renal disease, the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease, represents a major and rising concern for countries in Latin America, driven in large part by aging populations and the near-epidemic rises in diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This places a great clinical, economic, and social burden on the region's health systems. During the ISPOR 6th Latin America Conference held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in September 2017, an educational forum debated on value-based decision making in the treatment of end-stage renal disease in Latin America...
May 21, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793195/alcohol-and-drugs-use-among-drivers-injured-in-road-accidents-in-campania-italy-a-8-years-retrospective-analysis
#2
Anna Carfora, Carlo Pietro Campobasso, Paola Cassandro, Raffaella Petrella, Renata Borriello
A recent update of the Italian Road Traffic Law (RTL 41/2016), established severe penal sanctions when drivers, driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) or drugs (DUID), are involved in road accident that results in death or injuries. A study was carried out to assess the trends of consumption of alcohol, illicit drugs or pharmaceutical among injured drivers suspected for DUI or DUID from 2009 to 2016 in the region of Campania (Italy). Confirmation toxicological analyses were performed on 780 blood samples and 1017 urine samples collected from 1797 injured drivers...
May 9, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793191/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-model-for-functional-decline-in-older-medical-inpatients
#3
Toshihiko Takada, Shingo Fukuma, Yosuke Yamamoto, Yukio Tsugihashi, Hiroyuki Nagano, Michio Hayashi, Jun Miyashita, Teruhisa Azuma, Shunichi Fukuhara
OBJECTIVE: To prevent functional decline in older inpatients, identification of high-risk patients is crucial. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a prediction model to assess the risk of functional decline in older medical inpatients. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients ≥65 years admitted acutely to medical wards were included. The healthcare database of 246 acute care hospitals (n = 229,913) was used for derivation, and two acute care hospitals (n = 1767 and 5443, respectively) were used for validation...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793190/comparative-hazards-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-among-hospitalized-patients-with-methamphetamine-or-cocaine-use-disorders-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Russell C Callaghan, Montana Halliday, Jodi Gatley, Jenna Sykes, Lawren Taylor, Claire Benny, Stephen J Kish
BACKGROUND: It is assumed that recreational use of methamphetamine can trigger acute myocardial infarction (AMI) events, but estimates of longitudinal hazards of AMI among methamphetamine users are lacking. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study: Competing-risks analysis was used to estimate time-to-AMI patterns in methamphetamine versus matched appendicitis (population-proxy) and matched cocaine (drug-control) groups. Cohorts were propensity-score-matched using demographic and clinical variables...
April 26, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793128/convolutional-neural-networks-for-seizure-prediction-using-intracranial-and-scalp-electroencephalogram
#5
Nhan Duy Truong, Anh Duy Nguyen, Levin Kuhlmann, Mohammad Reza Bonyadi, Jiawei Yang, Samuel Ippolito, Omid Kavehei
Seizure prediction has attracted growing attention as one of the most challenging predictive data analysis efforts to improve the life of patients with drug-resistant epilepsy and tonic seizures. Many outstanding studies have reported great results in providing sensible indirect (warning systems) or direct (interactive neural stimulation) control over refractory seizures, some of which achieved high performance. However, to achieve high sensitivity and a low false prediction rate, many of these studies relied on handcraft feature extraction and/or tailored feature extraction, which is performed for each patient independently...
May 7, 2018: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793084/subthreshold-depression-among-diabetes-patients-in-beijing-cross-sectional-associations-among-sociodemographic-clinical-and-behavior-factors
#6
Dandan Wang, Lintao Shi, Leling Li, Xiaohui Guo, Yufeng Li, Yuan Xu, Shinan Yin, Qiaozhen Wu, Yu Yang, Xiaoming Zhuang, Yingli Gai, Quanmin Li, Yanjun Liu
BACKGROUND: This study explores the prevalence of subthreshold depression (SubD) and its association with factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 808 outpatients with T2DM from ten hospitals in Beijing between September 2015 and January 2016. All participants completed the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item (PHQ-9) to evaluate depressive status, with scores between 5 and 14 considered SubD. Conditional logistic regression was conducted to investigate the variables associated with SubD in T2DM patients...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793053/aggressive-fluid-and-sodium-restriction-in-decompensated-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Karina Sanches Machado d'Almeida, Eneida Rejane Rabelo-Silva, Gabriela Corrêa Souza, Melina Maria Trojahn, Sofia Louise Santin Barilli, Graziella Aliti, Luís Eduardo Rohde, Andreia Biolo, Luís Beck-da-Silva
OBJECTIVES: Sodium and fluid restriction is commonly prescribed for heart failure patients. However, its role in the treatment of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a diet with sodium and fluid restriction with an unrestricted diet in patients admitted for decompensated HFpEF. METHODS: Patients were randomized to a diet with sodium (0.8 g/d) and fluid (800 mL/d) restriction (intervention group [IG]) or an unrestricted diet (control group [CG]) and followed for 7 d or hospital discharge...
March 21, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793046/validation-of-the-revised-pam-score-in-patients-with-aml-undergoing-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#8
Jan M Middeke, Frederike Kollinger, Henning Baldauf, Friedrich Stölzel, Martin Wermke, Malte von Bonin, Katja Sockel, Cornelia S Link, Raphael Teipel, Christoph Röllig, Christian Thiede, Uwe Platzbecker, Gerhard Ehninger, Martin Bornhäuser, Johannes Schetelig
PURPOSE: Despite recent advances, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) continues to be accompanied by a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Several scores have been developed to predict outcome after HSCT. The PAM score has been recently revised, and utilizes information on patient age, donor type, disease risk, cytomegalovirus (CMV) serostatus of patients and donors, and the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). The aim of this study was to analyze the predictive power of the PAM score in an independent, large cohort of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients...
May 21, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793039/antimicrobial-resistance-in-the-context-of-the-syrian-conflict-drivers-before-and-after-the-onset-of-conflict-and-key-recommendations
#9
REVIEW
Aula Abbara, Timothy M Rawson, Nabil Karah, Wael El-Amin, James Hatcher, Bachir Tajaldin, Osman Dar, Omar Dewachi, Ghassan Abu Sitta, Bernt Eric Uhlin, Annie Sparrow
Current evidence describing antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the context of the Syrian conflict is of poor quality and sparse in nature. In this paper we explore and report the major drivers of AMR that were present in Syria pre-conflict and those that have emerged since its onset in March 2011. Drivers which existed before the conflict included a lack of enforcement of existing legislation to regulate over the counter antibiotics and notification of communicable diseases. This contributed to a number of drivers of AMR after the onset of conflict which were also compounded by the exodus of trained staff, the increase in overcrowding and unsanitary conditions, the increase in injuries and economic sanctions limiting the availability of required laboratory medical materials and equipment...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793034/a-case-control-study-about-foetal-trauma-during-cesarean-delivery
#10
Enora Dolivet, Cécile Delesalle, Rémi Morello, Marie Blouet, Corinne Bronfen, Michel Dreyfus, Guillaume Benoist
OBJECTIVE: The caesarean section rate is gradually increasing in most countries. The frequency of occurrence of foetal injury per birth is estimated to 1%. The majority of these injuries presents a low functional impact, but remains responsible for a significant neonatal morbidity. Even though the foetal risk factors are well documented in cases of vaginal birth, they have not been accurately identified for cesarean section. The aim of this study is to identify the risk factors for neonatal fracture during caesarean section...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793019/factors-predicting-non-compliance-with-follow-up-after-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#11
Timothy P Shiraev, Elif Durur, David A Robinson
PURPOSE: Although the potential for complications following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) mandates lifetime follow-up, non-compliance with follow-up has been shown to be as high as 57%. We sought to investigate the incidence of non-compliance with follow up in our patient population and to identify risk factors associated with this, in order to allow implementation of targeted strategies to prevent loss to follow up. METHODOLOGY: We carried out a review of consecutive patients undergoing EVAR at two Sydney hospitals between 1995 and 2015...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792994/lumbar-spinal-stenosis-comparison-of-surgical-practice-variation-and-clinical-outcome-in-three-national-spine-registries
#12
Greger Lønne, Peter Fritzell, Olle Hägg, Dennis Nordvall, Paul Gerdhem, Tobias Lagerbäck, Mikkel Andersen, Søren Eiskjaer, Martin Gehrchen, Wilco Jacobs, Miranda L van Hooff, Tore K Solberg
BACKGROUND: Decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is the most common spinal procedure in the elderly. To avoid persisting low back pain, adding arthrodesis has been recommended, especially if there is a coexisting degenerative spondylolisthesis. However, this strategy remains controversial, resulting in practice-based variation. PURPOSE: To evaluate in a pragmatic study if surgical selection criteria and variation in use of arthrodesis in three Scandinavian countries can be linked to variation in treatment effectiveness...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792993/responsiveness-of-the-japanese-orthopaedic-association-back-pain-evaluation-questionnaire-in-lumbar-surgery-and-its-threshold-for-indicating-clinically-important-differences
#13
Takahito Fujimori, Toshitada Miwa, Takenori Oda
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Introduced in 2007, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ) has been widely used, but its psychometric properties have not been well studied. PURPOSE: To assess the responsiveness and the clinically important differences of JOABPEQ for lumbar surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Two hundreds and three consecutive patients underwent lumbar surgeries between July 2013 and November 2015 in a single hospital...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792980/language-used-by-health-care-professionals-to-describe-dying-at-an-acute-care-hospital
#14
Kirsten Wentlandt, Philippe Toupin, Natalia Novosedlik, Lisa W Le, Camilla Zimmermann, Ebru Kaya
PURPOSE: To understand the language used to describe the deterioration and death of patients in an acute academic tertiary care centre, and to identify whether patient diagnoses or palliative care(PC) involvement was associated with clearer descriptions of this process. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of the final admission of 150 patients who died on an inpatient internal medicine unit. Conventional and summative content analysis was performed of the language used to describe, either directly or indirectly, that the patient's death was imminent...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792971/impact-of-active-surveillance-and-infection-control-measures-on-carbapenem-resistant-gram-negative-bacterial-colonization-and-infections-in-intensive-care
#15
T Karampatakis, K Tsergouli, E Iosifidis, C Antachopoulos, A Karapanagiotou, A Karyoti, N Gritsi-Gerogianni, A Tsakris, E Roilides
BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (CRGNB) infections constitute a global threat for critically ill patients and the outcome of their hospitalization. Early identification of CRGNB through rectal surveillance cultures and routine infection control measures including contact precautions, use of appropriate disinfectants, staff education on cleaning, and hand hygiene may reduce the dissemination of CRGNB. AIM: To assess the impact of enhanced infection control measures on CRGNB infections in a nine-bed polyvalent intensive care unit in a tertiary level hospital in an endemic area...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792970/investigation-of-the-efficacy-of-alcohol-based-solutions-on-adenovirus-serotypes-8-19-and-37-the-common-cause-of-epidemic-keratoconjunctivitis-after-an-adenovirus-outbreak-occurred-in-the-hospital
#16
Hüseyin Uzuner, Aynur Karadenizli, Doğanhan Kadir Er, Agim Osmani
BACKGROUND: Hand antiseptics are of great importance in the prevention of nosocomial infections. Due to the frequent occurrence of adenoviral epidemic keratoconjunctivitis outbreaks in our hospital, we needed to detect the efficiency of alcohol-based-solutions on adenovirus. AIM: To investigate the efficacy of alcohol-based-solutions, that commonly found in hand-antiseptics against adenovirus 8, 19 and 37. METHODS: We investigated the efficacy of ethanol, isopropanol, chlorhexidine-digluconate, n-butanol and different combinations of these antiseptics on adenovirus serotypes that typically cause to epidemic keratoconjunctivitis...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792967/validated-reverse-phase-hplc-diode-array-method-for-the-quantification-of-intact-bevacizumab-infliximab-and-trastuzumab-for-long-term-stability-study
#17
Antonio Martínez-Ortega, Agustín Herrera, Antonio Salmerón-García, José Cabeza, Luis Cuadros-Rodríguez, Natalia Navas
The aim of the present study was to develop suitable and reliable method for quantification three of the most worldwide used therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) -bevazizumab (BVZ), infliximab (INF) and trastuzumab (TTZ)- to be used in long-term stability studies. Reverse phase (RP) was selected by its greater sensibility and reproducibility comparing with other chromatographic modes. Then a high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (RP)HPLC/DAD method was checked. Since the three mAbs represent the active ingredient in the medicines in which they are formulated, the selected method was validated for each one in accordance with the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines for pharmaceuticals for human use...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792909/dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-a-retrospective-study-of-clinicopathological-features-and-related-akt-mtor-stat3-erk-cyclin-d1-and-pd-l1-expression
#18
Sunyoung Park, Soyun Cho, Minji Kim, Ji Ung Park, Eui Cheol Jeong, Euno Choi, Jeong Hwan Park, Cheol Lee, Mee Soo Chang
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding oncoproteins other than PDGFβ in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberance (DFSP). Moreover, the risk factors for worse prognosis are controversial. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the clinicopathological features and key factors for adverse outcome in DFSP including the implication of Akt/mTOR, STAT3, ERK, cyclinD1, and PD-L1 expression. METHODS: Clinicopathological and immunohistochemical analyses were performed for 44 DFSPs having wide local excision along with 92 dermatofibromas as controls...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792883/plasma-n-glycan-signatures-associate-with-features-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#19
Florent Clerc, Mislav Novokmet, Viktoria Dotz, Karli R Reiding, Noortje de Haan, Guinevere S M Kammeijer, Hans Dalebout, Marco R Bladergroen, Frano Vukovic, Erdmann Rapp, Stephan R Targan, Gildardo Barron, Natalia Manetti, Anna Latiano, Dermot P B McGovern, Vito Annese, Gordan Lauc, Manfred Wuhrer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Biomarkers are needed for early detection of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) or to predict patient outcomes. Glycosylation is a common and complex post-translational modification of proteins that affects their structure and activity. We compared plasma N-glycosylation profiles between patients with CD or UC and healthy individuals (controls). METHODS: We analyzed the total plasma N-glycomes of 2635 patients with inflammatory bowel diseases and 996 controls by mass spectrometry with a linkage-specific sialic acid derivatization technique...
May 21, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792832/sperm-dna-fragmentation-in-the-total-and-vital-fractions-before-and-after-density-gradient-centrifugation-significance-in-male-fertility-diagnosis
#20
U Punjabi, H Van Mulders, I Goovaerts, K Peeters, K Clasen, P Janssens, O Zemtsova, D De Neubourg
BACKGROUND: Sperm DNA fragmentation measured by different techniques make comparisons impossible due to lack of standardization. Induction of DNA damage after sperm preparation in the entire fraction has been observed on independent occasions but findings are not consistent. METHODS: Men presenting at a University hospital setup for infertility treatment. DNA damage via TUNEL assay was validated on fresh semen samples, as conventional semen parameters, to reduce variability of results...
May 21, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
50355
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"