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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648014/-clinical-efficacy-observation-of-atomization-inhalation-combined-with-oral-administration-of-oseltamivir-in-4-cases-with-h7n9-avian-influenza
#1
Z Li, X Y Fu, X B Fang, J Li, T Chen, L M Qiu, J Cai, W L Wang, Z Q Pan, Y Zhang, J L Zhou
Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of atomization inhalation combined with oral administration of oseltamivir in treatment of human infection with H7N9 avian influenza. Methods: To analyze the clinical data of 4 patients hospitalized from Mar 6th 2017 to Apr 12th 2017 with avian influenza(H7N9) infection treated by conventional therapy(oseltamivir, 150 mg, po, Bid) plus with oseltamivir inhalation(75 mg dissolved in 20 ml N. S, Bid) and administered with antibacterial treatment, blood purification and immunomodulators...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646535/targeting-stat3-by-ho3867-induces-apoptosis-in-ovarian-clear-cell-carcinoma
#2
Kristin Bixel, Uksha Saini, Hemant Kumar Bid, John Fowler, Maria Riley, Ross Wanner, Kalpana Deepa Priya Dorayappan, Sneha Rajendran, Ikuo Konishi, Noriomi Matsumura, David E Cohn, Karuppaiyah Selvendiran
Advanced ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) carries a very poor prognosis in large part secondary to the extremely high rate of resistance to standard platinum and taxane chemotherapy. STAT3 expression and activation has been shown to regulate tumor progression in various human cancers, though has not been well studied in OCCC. Preliminary work in our lab has demonstrated constitutive activation of STAT3 (pSTAT3Tyr705 or pSTAT3727) in OCCC cell lines as well as human OCCC tumor tissue samples. Significantly, pSTAT3 is expressed in the absence of other forms of activated STAT (pSTAT1, 2, 6)...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644796/design-of-an-autonomous-social-orienting-training-system-asots-for-young-children-with-autism
#3
Zhi Zheng, Qiang Fu, Huan Zhao, Amy R Swanson, Amy S Weitlauf, Zachary E Warren, Nilanjan Sarkar
Social communication is among the core areas of impairment for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The training of social orientation is important for improving social communication of children with ASD. In recent years, technology-assisted ASD intervention had gained momentum due to its potential advantages in terms of precision, sustainability, flexibility and cost. In this paper, we propose a closed-loop autonomous computer system, named ASOTS, for training social orientation skills to young children with ASD...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643004/effectiveness-and-safety-of-apixaban-therapy-in-daily-care-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-results-from-the-dresden-noac-registry
#4
Sindy Helmert, Sandra Marten, Heike Mizera, Antje Reitter, Kurtulus Sahin, Luise Tittl, Jan Beyer-Westendorf
The effectiveness and safety of apixaban for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (SPAF) demonstrated in ARISTOTLE needs to be confirmed in daily care. To evaluate effectiveness and safety of apixaban therapy in SPAF patients in daily care, we used data from an ongoing, prospective, non-interventional registry of more than 3000 patients on novel oral anticoagulants in daily care. Between 1 December 2012 and 31 August 2015, 514 patients receiving apixaban were enrolled. During a mean follow-up of 803.5 ± 228...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629344/antiresorptive-effect-of-a-cathepsin-k-inhibitor-ono-5334-and-its-relationship-to-bmd-increase-in-a-phase-ii-trial-for-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#5
Makoto Tanaka, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Chihiro Hasegawa, Steve Deacon, Richard Eastell
BACKGROUND: ONO-5334 is a cathepsin K inhibitor that induced bone mineral density (BMD) gain in a phase II study in postmenopausal osteoporosis patients. Even though the antiresorptive effect could only be monitored in the morning during the study, simulation can allow the antiresorptive effect to be assessed over 24 h, with assessment of the relationship to BMD gain. METHODS: Inhibition of the serum C-telopeptide of type I collagen (sCTX) level at doses of ONO-5334 of 100 mg once daily (QD), 300 mg QD, and 50 mg twice daily (BID) was simulated using plasma ONO-5334 pharmacokinetic (PK) data for repeated dose administration in a phase I study and corresponding sCTX inhibition from the PK-pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship...
June 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624695/first-in-human-phase-i-study-of-oral-s49076-a-unique-met-axl-fgfr-inhibitor-in-advanced-solid-tumours
#6
Jordi Rodon, Sophie Postel-Vinay, Antoine Hollebecque, Paolo Nuciforo, Analia Azaro, Valérie Cattan, Lucie Marfai, Isabelle Sudey, Karl Brendel, Audrey Delmas, Stéphanie Malasse, Jean-Charles Soria
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: S49076 is a novel ATP-competitive tyrosine kinase inhibitor of MET, AXL and FGFR with a unique selectivity profile. A phase I open-label study was undertaken to establish the tolerability profile and determine the recommended dose (RD) and administration schedule. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with advanced solid tumours received S49076 orally once-daily (qd) or twice-daily (bid) in continuous 21-day cycles at escalating doses guided by a 3 + 3 design and followed by an expansion phase at the RD...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619503/clinical-pharmacokinetics-of-levornidazole-in-elderly-subjects-and-dosing-regimen-evaluation-using-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-analysis
#7
Beining Guo, Gaoli He, Xiaojie Wu, Jicheng Yu, Guoying Cao, Yi Li, Yaxin Fan, Yuancheng Chen, Yaoguo Shi, Yingyuan Zhang, Jing Zhang
PURPOSE: Levornidazole, the levo-isomer of ornidazole, is a third-generation nitroimidazole derivative newly developed after metronidazole, tinidazole, and ornidazole. An open-label, parallel-controlled, single-dose study was conducted for the investigation of the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of levornidazole and its metabolites in healthy elderly Chinese subjects, and for the evaluation of 2 dosing regimens in the elderly. METHODS: Levornidazole was intravenously administered at 500 mg to healthy elderly (aged 60-80 years) or young subjects (aged 19-45 years)...
June 12, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616837/a-phase-ib-study-of-everolimus-combined-with-metformin-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#8
Remco J Molenaar, Tim van de Venne, Mariëtte J Weterman, Ron A Mathot, Heinz-Josef Klümpen, Dick J Richel, Johanna W Wilmink
Background The efficacy to monotherapy with the mTOR inhibitor everolimus in advanced cancer is often limited due to therapy resistance. Combining everolimus with metformin may decrease the chance of therapy resistance. Methods Patients received everolimus and metformin in a 3 + 3 dose-escalation scheme. Objectives were to determine the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), maximum tolerated dose, toxic effects, pharmacokinetics and anti-tumour efficacy. Results 9 patients received study treatment for a median duration of 48 days (range: 4-78)...
June 15, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616455/ultra-high-field-7%C3%A2-t-multi-resolution-fmri-data-for-orientation-decoding-in-visual-cortex
#9
Ayan Sengupta, Renat Yakupov, Oliver Speck, Stefan Pollmann, Michael Hanke
Multivariate pattern classification methods have been successfully applied to decode orientation of visual grating stimuli from BOLD fMRI activity recorded in human visual cortex (Kamitani and Tong, 2005; Haynes and Rees, 2005) [12], [10]. Though there has been extensive research investigating the true spatial scale of the orientation specific signals (Op de Beeck, 2010; Swisher et al., 2010; Alink et al., 2013; Freeman et al., 2011, 2013) [2], [15], [1], [4], [5], it remained inconclusive what spatial acquisition resolution is required, or is optimal, for decoding analyses...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616094/arbaclofen-in-fragile-x-syndrome-results-of-phase-3-trials
#10
Elizabeth Berry-Kravis, Randi Hagerman, Jeannie Visootsak, Dejan Budimirovic, Walter E Kaufmann, Maryann Cherubini, Peter Zarevics, Karen Walton-Bowen, Paul Wang, Mark F Bear, Randall L Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Arbaclofen improved multiple abnormal phenotypes in animal models of fragile X syndrome (FXS) and showed promising results in a phase 2 clinical study. The objective of the study is to determine safety and efficacy of arbaclofen for social avoidance in FXS. METHODS: Two phase 3 placebo-controlled trials were conducted, a flexible dose trial in subjects age 12-50 (209FX301, adolescent/adult study) and a fixed dose trial in subjects age 5-11 (209FX302, child study)...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615371/a-phase-1b-open-label-multicentre-study-of-azd4547-in-patients-with-advanced-squamous-cell-lung-cancers
#11
Paul K Paik, Ronglai Shen, Michael F Berger, David Ferry, Jean-Charles Soria, Alastair Mathewson, Claire Rooney, Neil R Smith, Marie Cullberg, Elaine Kilgour, Donal Landers, Paul Frewer, A Nigel Brooks, Fabrice André
Squamous cell lung cancers (SQCLC) account for 25% of all NSCLCs, yet the prognosis of these patients is poor and treatment options are limited. Amplified FGFR1 is one of the most common oncogenic events in SQCLCs, occurring in ~20% of cases. AZD4547 is a potent and selective FGFR1-3 inhibitor with anti-tumor activity in FGFR1 amplified SQCLC cell lines and patient-derived xenografts. <br /><br />Experimental Design: Based on these data, we performed a phase 1 study of AZD4547 in patients with previously treated stage IV FGFR1 amplified SQCLCs (NCT00979134)...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610775/cytotoxic-effect-of-a-novel-naphthylchalcone-against-multiple-cancer-cells-focusing-on-hematologic-malignancies
#12
Mariana Franzoni Maioral, Camila do Nascimento Bodack, Natália Marceli Stefanes, Álisson Bigolin, Alessandra Mascarello, Louise Domeneghini Chiaradia-Delatorre, Rosendo Augusto Yunes, Ricardo José Nunes, Maria Cláudia Santos-Silva
Chalcones are natural compounds described in the literature by its several properties including cytotoxic activity against several tumor types. Considering that the search for new chemotherapeutic agents is still necessary, the aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic mechanisms involved in cell death induced by a synthetic chalcone (A23) on different tumor cells. Chalcone A23 reduced the cell viability of twelve tumor cell lines in a concentration and time dependent manner and it was more cytotoxic against acute leukemia cells...
June 10, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603114/pretreatment-with-different-doses-of-dexamethasone-in-the-prevention-of-docetaxel-induced-hypersensitivity
#13
Mingjun Zhang, Zhendong Chen, Yang Yang, Huaidong Cheng, Chao Li, Qian He
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of dexamethasone pretreatment regimen with different doses in the prevention of docetaxel-induced hypersensitivity reaction (HSR). One hundred and sixty-two patients who had malignant tumors as determined by histology and/or cytology and received docetaxel treatments at least 2 cycles, were randomized into two groups. There were 90 patients in the study group and 72 patients in the control group. In the study group, patients received 4.5mg of oral dexamethasone once a day...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600372/a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-educational-supervision-agreement-for-wales
#14
Katie Louise Webb, Alison Bullock, Caroline Groves, Anton Gerhard Saayman
OBJECTIVES: In a bid to promote high-quality postgraduate education and training and support the General Medical Council's (GMC) implementation plan for trainer recognition, the Wales Deanery developed the Educational Supervision Agreement (EdSA). This is a three-way agreement between Educational Supervisors, Local Education Providers and the Wales Deanery which clarifies roles, responsibilities and expectations for all. This paper reports on the formative evaluation of the EdSA after 1 year...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599348/a-pilot-open-label-8-week-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-of-adjunctive-minocycline-for-the-treatment-of-bipolar-i-ii-depression
#15
Joanna K Soczynska, Sidney H Kennedy, Mohammad Alsuwaidan, Rodrigo B Mansur, Madeline Li, Mary Pat McAndrews, Elisa Brietzke, Hanna O Woldeyohannes, Valerie H Taylor, Roger S McIntyre
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to determine if adjunctive minocycline mitigates depressive symptom severity and improves cognitive function in individuals with bipolar I/II disorder (BD). The study also aimed to determine if changes in depressive and/or cognitive symptoms over the course of treatment were associated with changes in circulating inflammatory cytokine levels. METHODS: A total of 29 (intention-to-treat: n=27) adults meeting DSM-IV-TR criteria for a major depressive episode as part of bipolar I or II disorder (i...
May 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597842/adjunctive-lacosamide-for-focal-epilepsy-an-open-label-trial-evaluating-the-impact-of-flexible-titration-and-dosing-on-safety-and-seizure-outcomes
#16
Michel Baulac, Safia Coulbaut, Pamela Doty, Cindy McShea, Marc De Backer, Fabrice Bartolomei, Mihaela Vlaicu
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of lacosamide in a real-life setting with the use of a flexible dose titration schedule and individualised maintenance doses up to the maximum approved dose of 400 mg/day. Adults with a diagnosis of focal seizures, with or without secondary generalization, were enrolled in this open-label Phase IV trial (NCT01235403). Lacosamide was initiated at 100 mg/day (50 mg bid) and uptitrated over a 12-week period to 200, 300 or 400 mg/day, based on safety and seizure control...
June 8, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597360/diabetes-eating-disorders-and-body-image-in-young-adults-an-exploratory-study-about-diabulimia
#17
Maria Ana Falcão, Rita Francisco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare disordered eating (DE) and body image dissatisfaction (BID) among young adults with type 1 diabetes and their peers without diabetes, to investigate the consequences of diabetes for food, body image and weight in individuals with diabetes and to identify the behavior of insulin omission as a weight loss strategy. METHODS: Fifty-five young adults with diabetes and 73 without diabetes (ages 18-30) completed self-report questionnaires to evaluate their behaviors, attitudes and feelings related to eating disorders and their perceptions about body image...
June 8, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594748/inhibition-of-spleen-tyrosine-kinase-reduces-renal-allograft-injury-in-a-rat-model-of-acute-antibody-mediated-rejection-in-sensitized-recipients
#18
Sharmila Ramessur Chandran, Yingjie Han, Greg H Tesch, Julie Di Paolo, William R Mulley, John Kanellis, Frank Y Ma, David J Nikolic-Paterson
BACKGROUND: Organ transplantation into sensitized patients with preexisting donor-specific antibodies (DSA) is very challenging. Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) promotes leukocyte recruitment and activation via signalling through various cell surface receptors. We investigated whether a selective Syk inhibitor (GS-492429) could suppress antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in a rat model of AMR in sensitized recipients. METHODS: Recipient Lewis rats (RT1) were immunized with donor (Dark Agouti, RT1) spleen cells (day -5)...
June 7, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591723/rip1-is-a-central-signaling-protein-in-regulation-of-tnf-%C3%AE-trail-mediated-apoptosis-and-necroptosis-during-newcastle-disease-virus-infection
#19
Ying Liao, Huaxia Wang, Xiang Mao, Hongjie Fang, Huang Wang, Yanrong Li, Yinjie Sun, Chun Meng, Lei Tan, Cuiping Song, Xusheng Qiu, Chan Ding
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an oncolytic virus which selectively replicates in tumor cells and exerts anti-tumor cytotoxic activity by promoting cell death. In this study, we focus on characterization of the underlying mechanisms of NDV-induced cell death in HeLa cells. We find that NDV Herts/33 strain triggers both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis at late infection times. The activation of NF-кB pathway and subsequent up-regulation of TNF-α/TRAIL initiates extrinsic apoptosis, leading to activation of caspase 8 and cleavage of Bid into tBid...
May 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590828/daily-use-of-sildenafil-50mg-at-night-effectively-ameliorates-nocturia-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-associated-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-an-exploratory-multicenter-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#20
Woo Jin Ko, Hyun Ho Han, Won Sik Ham, Hae Won Lee
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of sildenafil 25 mg qd, 25 mg bid or 50 mg qd - on treating lower urinary tract symptoms with benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men aged > 45 years with LUTS/BPH were randomly assigned to receive sildenafil 25 mg qd (n = 42), bid (n = 41), 50 mg qd (n = 38) or placebo (n = 41) for 8 weeks. Changes from baseline in International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) and postvoid residual urine volume (PVR) were assessed at week 4 and week 8...
June 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
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