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Ultrasound testes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936246/diagnostic-accuracy-of-clinical-examination-and-imaging-findings-for-identifying-subacromial-pain
#1
Angela Cadogan, Peter J McNair, Mark Laslett, Wayne A Hing
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of subacromial pathology is limited by the poor accuracy of clinical tests for specific pathologies. The aim of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of clinical examination and imaging features for identifying subacromial pain (SAP) defined by a positive response to diagnostic injection, and to evaluate the influence of imaging findings on the clinical diagnosis of SAP. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In a prospective, diagnostic accuracy design, 208 consecutive patients presenting to their primary healthcare practitioner for the first time with a new episode of shoulder pain were recruited...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935550/vascular-complications-in-liver-transplantation-beneficial-role-of%C3%A2-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-postoperative-phase
#2
J Rübenthaler, K J Paprottka, E Hameister, K Hoffmann, N Joiko, M Reiser, D A Clevert
PURPOSE: To compare the sensitivity and specificity of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of vascular complications after liver transplantation in the postoperative phase. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients with elevated liver function tests after liver transplantation with initial imaging studies between July 2005 and November 2015 were retrospectively analysed. CEUS and CT were compared in their diagnosis of vascular complications and CT was considered as the gold standard...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935546/shear-wave-elastography-of-the-testes-in%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-healthy-study-collective-differences-in%C3%A2-standard-values-between-arfi-and%C3%A2-vtiq%C3%A2-techniques
#3
J Marcon, M Trottmann, J Rübenthaler, C G Stief, M F Reiser, D A Clevert
INTRODUCTION: Shear wave elastography (SWE) is a recent technique in the assessment of tissue elasticity. Different elastography techniques have been described over the years.Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging (ARFI) uses mechanical excitation of tissue to create detectable shear waves, a higher shear wave velocity being associated with an increased tissue stiffness.The Virtual Touch Tissue Imaging Quantification (VTIQ) method uses a mechanical push pulse as well, additionally creating a colour-coded map, in which tissue stiffness can be measured on the stored map on the ultrasound device after measurement...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933321/introduction-of-basic-dermatologic-ultrasound-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#4
F Alfageme, E Cerezo, I S Fernandez, R Aguilo, A Vilas-Sueiro, G Roustan
Purpose: Teaching ultrasound procedures to undergraduates has recently been proposed to improve the quality of medical education. We address the impact of applying standardized dermatologic ultrasound teaching to our undergraduates. Materials and Methods: Medical students were offered an additional theoretical and practical seminar involving hands-on ultrasound dermatologic ultrasound during their mandatory dermatology practical training. The students' theoretical knowledge and dermatologic ultrasoud skills were tested with a multiple choice questionnaire extracted from Level 1 Spanish Society of Ultrasound Dermatologic Ultrasound accreditation exam before and after the course...
November 2016: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932161/sofosbuvir-monotherapy-for-asymptomatic-and-noncirrhotic-hepatitis-c-infection-in-a-renal-retransplantation-recipient-a-case-report
#5
G Deng, J Ma, S Shen, Q Li, L Peng, S Meng, J Zhou, J Wu, D Liu
Renal transplant recipients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) have a high risk of progressing to cirrhosis, end-stage liver diseases, and hepatocellular carcinoma. It is also considered as an independent risk for graft loss and is correlated with proteinuria, transplant glomerulopathy, HCV-associated glomerulonephritis, and chronic rejection. Previous therapy involving interferon alfa and ribavirin led to treatment complications, including toxicity, anemia, sepsis, and drug-drug interactions with calcineurin inhibitors, as well as reduced tolerability and efficacy...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931961/imaging-of-connective-tissue-diseases-beyond-visceral-organ-imaging
#6
REVIEW
Maurizio Cutolo, Nemanja Damjanov, Barbara Ruaro, Ana Zekovic, Vanessa Smith
Connective tissues diseases (CTDs) can also be diagnosed early by "external" and safe imaging methods beyond the visceral organ analysis. This study aims to explore various imaging techniques used in diagnosing CTDs. Skin impairment in systemic sclerosis (SSc) may be recognized and studied by the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS), which has some drawbacks, whereas high-frequency ultrasound (US) seems advantageous for the early identification of skin involvement. Salivary gland involvement in Sjögren syndrome (SS) can be assessed using standard tests such as unstimulated salivary flow test, salivary gland scintigraphy or contrast sialography...
August 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931090/prenatal-diagnosis-of-susceptibility-loci-for-neurodevelopmental-disorders-genetic-counseling-and-pregnancy-outcome-in-57-cases
#7
Lutgarde Govaerts, Malgorzata Srebniak, Karin Diderich, Marieke Joosten, Sam Riedijk, Maarten Knapen, Attie Go, Dimitri Papatsonis, Katja de Graaf, Toon Toolenaar, Sanne van der Steen, Gido Huijbregts, Jeroen Knijnenburg, Femke de Vries, Diane Van Opstal, Robert-Jan Galjaard
BACKGROUND: Whole genome array testing not only provides an increased diagnostic yield of pathogenic causative findings, but it may also reveal so called susceptibility loci (SL) for neurodevelopmental disorders. The goal of this study was to evaluate the pregnancy outcomes in SL cases and to establish a protocol for pregnancy management, follow-up and additional investigations. METHODS: 57 cases were evaluated: 34 with and 23 without ultrasound anomalies at referral...
December 8, 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931054/-tb-screening-of-pregnant-women-in-accordance-with-the-german-protection-against-infection-act
#8
(no author information available yet)
Pregnant women should be tested with immune tests for tuberculosis when they undergo TB screening according to the German Infectious Diseases Protection Act. Interferon Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs) should be the priority tests used for pregnant refugees and asylum seekers, especially when migrating from high incidence countries (> 20 cases/100.000 population according to the ECDC) or when they fled from crisis regions; positive tuberculin skin tests should be veryfied with IGRA. Once immunological tests are suggesting a latent tuberculosis infection it should be considered that pregnant women have an increased risk of developing active tuberculosis with potential health threats for the unborn child...
December 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930853/association-between-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#9
Xuan Cheng, Lu Zhang, Nan-Chang Xie, Hong-Liang Xu, Ya-Jun Lian
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal dysfunction and vein thrombosis are well-known acute complications after spinal cord injuries (SCI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and risk factors for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in patients with SCI. METHODS: A total of 377 consecutive eligible patients with SCI tested for SIBO using glucose hydrogen (H2)/methane(CH4) breath test from January 2011 to December 2015 and who also had venous ultrasound study for suspected DVT were evaluated within 3 months after admission...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929571/an-unusual-mediastinal-mass
#10
J Hardy, A R Jeyabalan, N Bhatt, A R Medford
We report a case of a mediastinal mass indenting the left lateral tracheal wall of a 35-year-old male who presented with weight loss, cough and breathlessness. Flow volume loop and thyroid function tests were normal and thyroid peroxidase antibodies were negative. Technetium scintigraphy and positron emission tomography both showed no uptake. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration confirmed ectopic mediastinal thyroid tissue. Mediastinal ectopic thyroid tissue is very rare. Most patients are asymptomatic and euthyroid with positive signals on scintigraphy...
June 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928500/recent-advances-in-understanding-and-managing-psoriatic-arthritis
#11
REVIEW
Dafna D Gladman
This article reviews recent advances in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) over the past several years with emphasis on early diagnosis, better understanding of pathogenesis, and new therapeutic approaches. Early diagnosis is important, since people who present late do not fare as well. There are a number of clinical, laboratory, and ultrasound features that can help identify patients destined to develop PsA, and several screening tools have been developed. It is recognized that genetic and epigenetic factors, as well as T cells and cytokines, play a role in the pathogenesis of PsA, and several targets have been identified for therapeutic interventions...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928202/effects-of-short-term-carbohydrate-restrictive-and-conventional-hypoenergetic-diets-and-resistance-training-on-strength-gains-and-muscle-thickness
#12
Claudia M Meirelles, Paulo S C Gomes
: Hypoenergetic diets and resistance training (RT) have been suggested to be important components of weight loss strategy programs; however, there is little evidence as to the chronic effects of different macronutrient compositions on strength performance and muscle mass with RT. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of carbohydrate restrictive (CRD) and conventional (CONV) diets combined with RT on strength performance and muscle thicknesses in overweight and obese participants already involved in RT programs...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926646/treatment-of-a-pregnant-patient-in-a-persistent-vegetative-state
#13
Matthew P Romagano, William E Scorza, Stephen E Lammers, Carole Dorr, John C Smulian
BACKGROUND: Brain injury leading to a persistent vegetative state during pregnancy involves difficult medical and ethical decisions. CASE: A 21-year-old multigravid woman entered a persistent vegetative state at 20 1/7 weeks of gestation after cardiac arrest with postanoxic brain injury from a suspected drug overdose. The clinical disciplines responsible for her case formed a collaborative care plan involving ventilator, nutrition, and medication support of the mother and regular fetal monitoring and ultrasound testing...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926365/pancreatic-cytopathology
#14
REVIEW
Jennifer A Collins, Syed Z Ali, Christopher J VandenBussche
Pancreatic cytopathology, particularly through the use of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA), has excellent specificity and sensitivity for the diagnosis of pancreatic lesions. Such diagnoses can help guide preoperative management of patients, provide prognostic information, and confirm diagnoses in patients who are not surgical candidates. Furthermore, FNA can be used to obtain cyst fluid for ancillary tests that can improve the diagnosis of cystic lesions. In this article, we describe the cytomorphological features and differential diagnoses of the most commonly encountered pancreatic lesions on FNA...
December 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925702/quantitative-elastosonography-of-the-myotendinous-junction-normal-behavior-and-correlation-with-a-standard-measurement-system-during-functional-tests
#15
Paolo Minafra, Chandra Bortolotto, Ermanno Rampinini, Fabrizio Calliada, Giuseppe Monetti
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, an increasing need to use imaging to assess normal and adaptive muscle function, in addition to its anatomy and structure, has emerged. We evaluated the myotendinous junction's elastosonographic behavior in light of the most recent literature on its physiologic behavior. The elastosonographic studies were compared with the results obtained from a standard measurement system to ensure a correlation with maximal muscle contraction. METHODS: Nineteen male professional soccer players were assessed during functional tests...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925675/effect-of-increasing-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-and-a-functional-appliance-on-the-mandibular-condyle-in-growing-rats
#16
Harmanpreet Kaur, Hasan Uludağ, Douglas N Dederich, Tarek El-Bialy
OBJECTIVES: Functional appliances are used for treatment of lower-jaw deficiencies in growing individuals; however, their effectiveness is debatable. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (US) is a noninvasive method, which has been shown to stimulate cartilage and bone formation with 20 minutes of application. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that increasing low-intensity pulsed US application from 20 to 40 min/d will enhance mandibular condylar growth in growing rats, especially when combined with a functional appliance...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925577/the-role-of-ultrasound-compared-to-biopsy-of-temporal-arteries-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-giant-cell-arteritis-tabul-a-diagnostic-accuracy-and-cost-effectiveness-study
#17
Raashid Luqmani, Ellen Lee, Surjeet Singh, Mike Gillett, Wolfgang A Schmidt, Mike Bradburn, Bhaskar Dasgupta, Andreas P Diamantopoulos, Wulf Forrester-Barker, William Hamilton, Shauna Masters, Brendan McDonald, Eugene McNally, Colin Pease, Jennifer Piper, John Salmon, Allan Wailoo, Konrad Wolfe, Andrew Hutchings
BACKGROUND: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a relatively common form of primary systemic vasculitis, which, if left untreated, can lead to permanent sight loss. We compared ultrasound as an alternative diagnostic test with temporal artery biopsy, which may be negative in 9-61% of true cases. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of ultrasound with biopsy in diagnosing patients with suspected GCA. DESIGN: Prospective multicentre cohort study...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924376/predicting-levator-avulsion-from-ics-pop-q-findings
#18
Alejandro Pattillo Garnham, Rodrigo Guzmán Rojas, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Levator avulsion is a common consequence of vaginal childbirth. It is associated with symptomatic female pelvic organ prolapse and is also a predictor of recurrence after surgical correction. Skills and hardware necessary for diagnosis by imaging are, however, not universally available. Diagnosis of avulsion may benefit from an elevated index of suspicion. The aim of this study was to examine the predictive value of the International Continence Society Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (ICS POP-Q) for the diagnosis of levator avulsion by tomographic 4D translabial ultrasound...
December 6, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922808/vascular-assessment-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-intravascular-ultrasound-compared-with-computed-tomography
#19
Essa Essa, Nader Makki, Peter Bittenbender, Quinn Capers, Barry George, Gregory Rushing, Juan Crestanello, Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas, Scott M Lilly
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the femoral and iliac arteries is essential prior to transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). It is critical for establishing candidacy for a femoral approach, and can help predict vascular complications. Although computed tomography angiography (CTA) is the standard imaging modality, it has limitations. OBJECTIVE: This study compared CTA with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in patients undergoing TAVR evaluation. METHODS: Fifteen patients undergoing pre-TAVR coronary angiography and hemodynamic assessment were recruited...
December 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922493/the-role-of-electrodiagnostic-testing-imaging-and-muscle-biopsy-in-the-investigation-of-muscle-disease
#20
Laura K Rosow, Anthony A Amato
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the roles of electrodiagnostic testing, imaging studies (MRI and ultrasound), and muscle biopsy in evaluating patients for possible muscle diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: In addition to electrodiagnostic testing and muscle biopsy, muscle imaging is increasingly being used in the evaluation of patients with suspected muscle disease. MRI and ultrasound can help identify patterns of muscle involvement that may narrow the differential diagnosis and guide further testing...
December 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
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