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Contrast enhanced ultrasound testes

D J Li, W L Yang, Z Y Wang, W Chen, Q Zhao, Y F Li, R Cui, L Shen, W B Wei
Objective: To compare the significance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in the diagnosis of uveal melanoma. Methods: It was a retrospective case series study. Sixty-three cases (63 eyes) of uveal melanoma patients (confirmed by histopathology) who underwent CEUS and DCE-MRI examination at Beijing Tongren Hospital during January 2010 and May 2014 were collected, including 30 males and 33 females, with average age of 47 years (ranged from 27 to 69 years)...
March 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Wen-Yen Chai, Po-Chun Chu, Chih-Hung Tsai, Chung-Yin Lin, Hung-Wei Yang, Hsin-Yi Lai, Hao-Li Liu
Focused ultrasound (FUS) exposure with microbubbles can transiently open the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to deliver therapeutic molecules into CNS tissues. However, delivered molecular distribution/concentration at the target need to be controlled. Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic-Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI) is a well-established protocol for monitoring the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic behavior of FUS-BBB opening. This study investigates the feasibility of using DCE-MRI to estimate molecular CNS penetration under various exposure conditions and molecule sizes...
March 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ahmed El Kaffas, Azza Al-Mahrouki, Amr Hashim, Niki Law, Anoja Giles, Gregory J Czarnota
Background: High-dose radiotherapy (>8-10 Gy) causes rapid endothelial cell death via acid sphingomyelinase (ASMase)-induced ceramide production, resulting in biologically significant enhancement of tumor responses. To further augment or solicit similar effects at low radiation doses, we used genetic and chemical approaches to evaluate mechano-acoustic activation of the ASMase-ceramide pathway by ultrasound-stimulated microbubbles (USMB). Methods: Experiments were carried out in wild-type and acid sphingomyelinase (asmase) knockout mice implanted with fibrosarcoma xenografts...
February 28, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Arun Asokan Nair, Trac Duy Tran, Muyinatu A Lediju Bell
Short-lag spatial coherence (SLSC) imaging displays the spatial coherence between backscattered ultrasound echoes instead of their signal amplitudes and is more robust to noise and clutter artifacts when compared with traditional delay-and-sum (DAS) B-mode imaging. However, SLSC imaging does not consider the content of images formed with different lags, and thus does not exploit the differences in tissue texture at each short-lag value. Our proposed method improves SLSC imaging by weighting the addition of lag values (i...
March 2018: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Fang Xie, Wen-Bo Wan, Xiang Fei, Ming-Bo Zhang, Yan Zhang, Hong-Wei Wang, Jie Tang, Wen-Bo Tang, Yu-Kun Luo
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and repeatability of the flash-replenishment method in contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) perfusion imaging and assess quantitatively microvascular perfusion in the liver. Twenty healthy New Zealand rabbits were submitted to CEUS perfusion imaging with continuous intravenous infusion. Using flash-replenishment kinetics, the dynamic process of depletion and refilling of microbubble contrast agent was recorded. The hepatic microvascular perfusion parameters were calculated, including region of interest, peak intensity (PI), area under the curve (AUC), and hepatic artery to vein transit time (HA-HVTT)...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Anke Peil-Grun, Corinna Trenker, Konrad Görg, Albrecht Neesse, Jörg Haasenritter, Christian Görg
Value of contrast-enhanced-ultrasound (CEUS) in the evaluation of residual lesions (RL) after therapy in patients with malignant lymphomas (ML) and testicular cancer (TC) with regard to tumor activity. From May 2004-October 2010, in n = 52 patients with ML (n = 34) or TC (n = 18) and RL, B-mode-imaging and CEUS of the RL was performed. In CEUS, differentiation was made between high-enhancement (HE), low-(LE) or no-enhancement (NE) of the RL after therapy. Data were retrospectively evaluated. A positive test result (HE) was found in n = 13 (25%); a negative test result (LE/NE) in n = 39 (75%) patients...
February 27, 2018: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Inês Pita, Fernando Magro
Treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) is intrinsically reliant on imaging techniques, due to the preponderance of small bowel disease and its transmural pattern of inflammation. Ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the most widely employed imaging methods and have excellent diagnostic accuracy in most instances. Some limitations persist, perhaps the most clinically relevant being the distinction between inflammatory and fibrotic strictures. In this regard, several methodologies have recently been tested in animal models and human patients, namely US strain elastography, shear wave elastography, contrast-enhanced US, magnetization transfer MRI and contrast dynamics in standard MRI...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Ting Dong
The study was aimed to investigate the role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in evaluating the response of patients with breast cancer after receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Spring, Wanfang, and CNKI databases from 1923 to December 2016. Based on fixed effect model or randomized effects model, standardized mean difference (SMD) with its 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was calculated in accordance with heterogeneity analysis. Cochran Q and I tests were used to measure heterogeneity...
February 7, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
Vasileios Rafailidis, Mary Arvaniti, Dimitrios Rafailidis, Dimitrios Sfoungaris
Polyorchidism is a rare condition usually incidentally discovered in young patients investigated with ultrasound for unrelated reasons. It is characterized by the presence of unilateral or, rarely, bilateral supernumerary testes which, depending on the type of polyorchidism, may have their own epididymis and vas deferens. Ultrasound, including B-mode and color Doppler technique, represents the primary imaging modality for the evaluation of scrotal diseases, including the characterization of supernumerary testes, which normally appear identical to the ipsilateral testicular parenchyma on every ultrasonographic technique performed...
August 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
Jie Zhou, Yan Luo, Bu Yun Ma, Wen Wu Ling, Xiang Lan Zhu
RATIONALE: Co-occurrence of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in the same thyroid gland with liver metastasis is a rare condition. To our knowledge, the utility of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to diagnose it is much less. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 33-year-old female was referred to our hospital due to the increase in plasma calcitonin concentration and carcino-embryonic antigen 12 months after her total thyroidectomy. To find metastasis, she received laboratory tests, gray-scale US, and CEUS...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hermes As Kamimura, Julien Flament, Julien Valette, Andrea Cafarelli, Romina Aron Badin, Philippe Hantraye, Benoît Larrat
Focused ultrasound (FUS) in combination with microbubbles is capable of noninvasive, site-targeted delivery of drugs through the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Although acoustic parameters are reproducible in small animals, their control remains challenging in primates due to skull heterogeneity. This study describes a 7-T magnetic resonance (MR)-guided FUS system designed for BBB disruption in non-human primates (NHP) with a robust feedback control based on passive cavitation detection (PCD). Contrast enhanced T1-weighted MR images confirmed the BBB opening in NHP sonicated during 2 min with 500-kHz frequency, pulse length of 10 ms, and pulse repetition frequency of 5 Hz...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Xu Yang, Songyuan Tang, Ennio Tasciotti, Raffaella Righetti
Ultrasound (US) imaging has long been considered as a potential aid in orthopedic surgeries. US technologies are safe, portable and do not use radiations. This would make them a desirable tool for real-time assessment of fractures and to monitor fracture healing. However, image quality of US imaging methods in bone applications is limited by speckle, attenuation, shadow, multiple reflections and other imaging artifacts. While bone surfaces typically appear in US images as somewhat 'brighter' than soft tissue, they are often not easily distinguishable from the surrounding tissue...
January 17, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Allison H Payne, Gregory W Hawryluk, Yoshimi Anzai, Henrik Odéen, Megan A Ostlie, Ethan C Reichert, Amanda J Stump, Satoshi Minoshima, Donna J Cross
Spinal cord injury (SCI) affects thousands of people every year in the USA, and most patients are left with some permanent paralysis. Therapeutic options are limited and only modestly affect outcome. To address this issue, we used magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) as a non-invasive approach to increase permeability in the blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB). We hypothesize that localized, controlled sonoporation of the BSCB by MRgFUS will aid delivery of therapeutics to the injury. Here, we report our preliminary findings for the ability of MRgFUS to increase BSCB permeability in the thoracic spinal cord of a normal rat model...
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
V Lehotska, K Rauova, L Vanovcanova
The aim of this prospective study was to identify characteristics of breast lesions on contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) that can be a source of diagnostic ambiguity and cause under- or overestimation of examined breast lesions. 215 women (range 23-76 y., mean age 53.16 y) with 215 breast lesions were examined by B-mode ultrasound, followed by CEUS and core biopsy. CEUS parameters: degree of opacification, character of washout and preliminary CEUS result (suspicious, non-suspicious, uncertain) were subsequently correlated with histopathological outcomes...
2018: Neoplasma
Di-Yang Xie, Zheng-Gang Ren, Jian Zhou, Jia Fan, Qiang Gao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fourth most common and the third most lethal cancer in China. An updated version of consensus-based recommendations on the management of HCC has been recently published by a multidisciplinary group of Chinese experts including liver surgeons, hepatic oncologists, radiologists and pathologists. Major changes have been made to the diagnostic criteria. In addition to dynamic multi-detector computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) are added to the diagnostic imaging tests...
December 2017: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
Lotfi Abou-Elkacem, Huaijun Wang, Sayan M Chowdhury, Richard H Kimura, Sunitha V Bachawal, Sanjiv S Gambhir, Lu Tian, Juergen K Willmann
PURPOSE: To engineer a dual human and murine Thy1-binding single-chain-antibody ligand (Thy1-scFv) for contrast microbubble-enhanced ultrasound molecular imaging of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:  Thy1-scFv were engineered using yeast-surface-display techniques. Binding to soluble human and murine Thy1 and to Thy1-expressing cells was assessed by flow cytometry. Thy1-scFv was then attached to gas-filled microbubbles to create MB Thy1-scFv...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Douglas L Miller, Xiaofang Lu, Chunyan Dou, Mario L Fabiilli, Charles C Church
A recently proposed two-criterion model for cavitational bioeffects in tissue with microbubbles (MBs) was tested. The glomerular capillary hemorrhage bioeffect was observed in rat kidney for contrast agent MB suspensions with mean diameters of 1.6, 3.1 and 5.5 µm. A diagnostic ultrasound machine was used at 3.6 MHz and 5.5 MHz for intermittent scans at power settings 2 dB apart. Petechial hemorrhage counts scored on the surface of the kidneys, and glomeruli were scored in histology. Thresholds for the petechial hemorrhage measurements were the same for the large and medium MB suspensions but substantially higher for the small MBs...
December 26, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Alexander D J Baur, Julia Schwabe, Julian Rogasch, Andreas Maxeiner, Tobias Penzkofer, Carsten Stephan, Marc Rudl, Bernd Hamm, Ernst-Michael Jung, Thom Fischer
INTRODUCTION: Dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) analyse tissue vascularization. We evaluated if CEUS can provide comparable information as DCE-MRI for the detection of prostate cancer (PCa) and prediction of its aggressiveness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A post-hoc evaluation of 92 patients was performed. In each patient CEUS and DCE-MRI parameters of the most suspicious lesion identified on MRI were analysed...
December 13, 2017: European Radiology
João Sargento-Freitas, Sezin Aday, César Nunes, Miguel Cordeiro, Ana Gouveia, Fernando Silva, Cristina Machado, Bruno Rodrigues, Gustavo Cordeiro Santo, Carlos Ferreira, André Amorim, Susana Sousa, Ana Catarina Gomes, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Lino Ferreira, Luís Cunha
OBJECTIVE: To study the association among endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), subacute blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, and clinical outcome after ischemic stroke, determining the micro RNAs of EPCs responsible for good clinical outcome. METHODS: We included consecutive patients with nonlacunar acute ischemic strokes in the territory of a middle cerebral artery and ages between 18 and 80 years. Clinical outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale score at 3 months...
December 13, 2017: Neurology
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio Giuseppe Mantero, Antonino Previtera, Michela Crisitna Turci, Elia Mario Biganzoli, Emanuela A M Bertolini
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the educational plan of first-year students of medicine by analyzing their scores in ultrasound body scanning. Methods: Since 2009, the San Paolo Medical School (Milan, Italy) has vertically integrated the study of anatomy with ultrasound-assisted virtual body dissection. Three modules were supplied: musculoskeletal system, heart and abdomen pelvis. 653 first-year students were trained. The students alternated as mutual model and operator...
September 2017: Ultrasound International Open
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