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thrombus stability

José A Páramo, Fernando Civeira
As it is well-known, a thrombus evolving into a disrupted/eroded atherosclerotic plaque causes most acute coronary syndromes. Plaque stabilization via reduction of the lipid core and/or thickening of the fibrous cap is one of the possible mechanisms accounted for the clinical benefits displayed by different anti-atherosclerotic strategies. The concept of plaque stabilization was developed to explain how lipid-lowering agents could decrease adverse coronary events without substantial modifications of the atherosclerotic lesion ('angiographic paradox')...
September 27, 2016: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
Marc D de Smet, Jean Marie Stassen, Thijs C M Meenink, Tom Janssens, Valérie Vanheukelom, Gerrit J L Naus, Maarten J Beelen, Bart Jonckx
PURPOSE: Retinal vein occlusions (RVO) are a major cause of vision loss in people aged 50 years and older. Current therapeutic options limit the consequences of RVO but do not eliminate the cause. Cannulation of the involved vessel and removal of the clot may provide a more permanent solution with a less demanding follow-up. However, cannulation of smaller retinal veins remains challenging. This paper explores the use of ocriplasmin (recombinant plasmin without its kringles) to clear RVO, using a robotic micromanipulator...
September 28, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Sedigheh Rezaeianpour, Atefeh Hajiagha Bozorgi, Abolghasem Moghimi, Ameneh Almasi, Saeed Balalaie, Sorour Ramezanpour, Sanaz Nasoohi, Seyed Mohammad Mazidi, Parham Geramifar, Ahmad Bitarafan-Rajabi, Soraya Shahhosseini
PURPOSE: Many patients worldwide suffer from cardiovascular diseases for which an underlying factor is thrombosis. Devising a molecular imaging technique for early detection of thrombosis in a clinical setting is highly recommended. Because fibrin is a major constituent of clots and is present in all types of thrombi but absent in circulation, it is a highly specific and sensitive target for molecular imaging of thrombi. It is assumed that cyclization of peptides will improve the receptor binding affinity and stability of the peptide...
September 8, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Kavita Krishna, Shirish Hiremath, Sachin Lakade, Sudarshan Davakhar
A 28 year old male, known case of nephrotic syndrome since 12 years, hypertensive presented with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and accelerated hypertension. Coronary angiography revealed 100% thrombotic occlusion of mid left anterior descending artery, treated with thrombus aspiration and intracoronary tirofiban and nitroglycerine. He was stabilized within 24 hours. The pathogenesis of AMI in nephrotic syndrome has been discussed with this case report.
November 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Haibo Jia, Jiannan Dai, Jingbo Hou, Lei Xing, Lijia Ma, Huimin Liu, Maoen Xu, Yuan Yao, Sining Hu, Erika Yamamoto, Hang Lee, Shaosong Zhang, Bo Yu, Ik-Kyung Jang
AIMS: Plaque erosion, compared with plaque rupture, has distinctly different underlying pathology and therefore may merit tailored therapy. In this study, we aimed to assess whether patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) caused by plaque erosion might be stabilized by anti-thrombotic therapy without stent implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a single-centre, uncontrolled, prospective, proof-of concept study. Patients with ACS including ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were prospectively enrolled...
August 30, 2016: European Heart Journal
Zhen Qu, Chun-Hui Yuan, Chang-Qing Yin, Qing Guan, Hao Chen, Fu-Bing Wang
Many long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be abnormally expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and may have the potential to serve as prognostic markers. In this study, a meta-analysis was conducted to systematically evaluate the prognostic value of various lncRNAs in HCC. Eligible literatures were systematically collected from PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library (up to December 30, 2015). The main outcomes including overall survival, relapse-free survival, and disease-free survival were analyzed...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Hee Young Kim, Seung-Hoon Baek, Ji Uk Yoon, Dong Hoon Lee, Gyeong-Jo Byeon, Ji Hye Ahn
We report cardiac arrest due to obstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) caused by an RVOT mass that was not identified preoperatively. A 62-year-old woman with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) experienced deteriorating hypotension and bradycardia during radical nephrectomy. Hemodynamic stability was maintained on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and after surgery, she was transferred to the intensive care unit. On postoperative day 3, transthoracic echocardiography showed an intracardiac mass obstructing the RVOT, which caused severe functional pulmonary stenosis and moderate resting pulmonary hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Andrea Kahlberg, Matteo Montorfano, Tommaso Cambiaghi, Luca Bertoglio, Germano Melissano, Roberto Chiesa
PURPOSE: To present stent-graft treatment of parietal thrombus in the ascending aorta. CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old man with no history of vascular disease developed a right cerebral hemisphere transient ischemic attack and was diagnosed with mural thrombosis of the ascending aorta involving the greater curvature just proximal to the origin of the innominate artery. He was treated for 2 months with anticoagulants, but new imaging studies showed significant increase in the size of the thrombus and an irregular aspect...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Naif Alhawiti, Kate L Burbury, Faith A Kwa, Cindy J O'Malley, Peter Shuttleworth, Mohamad Alzard, Abdullah Hamadi, Andrew P Grigg, Denise E Jackson
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) such as imatinib, nilotinib and dasatinib are now established as highly effective frontline therapies for chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). Disease control is achieved in the majority of patients and survival is excellent such that recent focus has been on toxicities of these agents. Cumulative data have reported an excess of serious vascular complications, including arterial thrombosis and peripheral arterial occlusive disease, in patients receiving nilotinib in comparison with other TKIs, with resultant interest in delineating the pathophysiology and implications for rationale cardiovascular risk modification...
September 2016: Thrombosis Research
S M Hasan, R S Thompson, H Emery, A L Nathan, A C Weems, F Zhou, M B B Monroe, D J Maitland
Shape memory polymer (SMP) foams were synthesized with three different nanoparticles (tungsten, silicon dioxide, and aluminum oxide) for embolization of cerebral aneurysms. Ultra-low density SMP foams have previously been utilized for aneurysm occlusion, resulting in a rapid, stable thrombus. However, the small cross section of foam struts can potentially lead to fracture and particulate generation, which would be a serious adverse event for an embolic device. The goal of this study was to improve the mechanical properties of the system by physically incorporating fillers into the SMP matrix...
2016: RSC Advances
A M Morales-Codina, J A Martín-Benlloch, M Corbellas Aparicio
INTRODUCTION: To describe a single case, the fourth ever reported, of pleomorphic liposarcoma of the spine and to undertake a review of the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 60 year old male patient had a bilateral lumbosciatica over a 3 month period. Imaging tests revealed a tumor mass in L1-L3 and a fracture in L2. Also, he had a mural thrombus both in the inferior vena cava and the left renal vein. The biopsy revealed a well-differentiated liposarcoma. En bloc resection of the lesion and stabilization was carried out...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Daniel Silverberg, Tehillah Menes, Uri Rimon, Ophira Salomon, Moshe Halak
OBJECTIVE: Acute renal artery occlusion is an uncommon disease requiring rapid diagnosis for prevention of kidney loss or permanent kidney damage. The purpose of this study was to identify patients with acute kidney infarction; to characterize their presentation, imaging, and treatment; and to compare the subgroup of patients who underwent catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) with those who were treated without intervention. METHODS: Hospital records between 2005 and 2015 were queried for keywords suggestive of kidney infarction...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Maddalena Lettino
Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are a major health problem both in industrialized countries and in developing ones, and a leading cause of death and disability. The pathogenesis of ACS is multifactorial and complex, with approximately 65-70% of cases caused by the abrupt occlusion of a coronary vessel. This usually occurs as a result of thrombus formation over a vulnerable, lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaque, which undergoes rupture or erosion. High levels of LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) are a well known risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis, and the reduction in plasma LDL-C is a fundamental treatment both in primary and secondary prevention...
April 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
S de Maat, C Maas
Factor XII is a mysterious plasma protein without a clear physiologic function. It was identified as a clotting factor, but has no clear role in hemostasis. However, FXII also contributes to the production of bradykinin, a short-lived inflammatory peptide. A growing body of mechanistic research from animal models indicates that FXII contributes to thrombotic disease by triggering excessive coagulation. FXII is evolutionarily conserved, suggesting that this molecule does have a physiologic function. This leads to intriguing questions: What does FXII really do? Is it even a real clotting factor at all? Before the groundbreaking discovery of a role for FXII in thrombotic disease, many studies investigated the biochemical properties of FXII and its activators...
August 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Masato Otawa, Takeshi Kinkori, Kenichi Watanabe, Ryo Ando, Masao Tambara, Toru Arima
We experienced a case of carotid free-floating thrombus treated by carotid ultrasonography-guided endovascular approach. A 63-year-old man was brought to our hospital with the chief complaint of sudden onset left hemiplegia. MRI revealed acute infarction of the right MCA territory due to the right M1 occlusion. Carotid ultrasonography showed a pedunculated, polypoid mobile plaque floating with the cardiac beat. We attempted ultrasonography-guided endovascular treatment. Under proximal balloon protection, the floating plaque was successfully aspirated into the Penumbra aspiration catheter...
June 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Takao Konishi, Naohiro Funayama, Tadashi Yamamoto, Hiroshi Nishihara, Daisuke Hotta, Kenjiro Kikuchi, Hideo Yokoyama, Katsumi Ohori
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular wall rupture remains a major lethal complication of acute myocardial infarction and hypertension is a well-known predisposing factor of cardiac rupture after myocardial infarction. CASE PRESENTATION: An 87-year-old man was admitted to our hospital, diagnosed as acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The echocardiogram showed 0.67-cm(2) aortic valve, consistent with severe aortic stenosis (AS). A coronary angiography showed a chronic occlusion of the proximal left circumflex artery and a 99 % stenosis and thrombus in the mid right coronary artery...
2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Grazia Artioli, Lucia Borgato, Sara Calamelli, Giuseppe Azzarello
BACKGROUND: Uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare malignancy of mesenchymal tissues and in advanced stages its prognosis is very poor. Surgery followed by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy is the treatment of choice for advanced disease. Cardiac metastases are very uncommon and only a few cases have been described to date. CASE: A 55-year-old woman was referred to our center for a uterine LMS with lung metastases at diagnosis. After 3 lines of chemotherapy for persistent lung disease, CT scan showed suspected thrombosis in the right pulmonary vein, along with disease progression in the lungs...
April 9, 2016: Tumori
Andrea Beyerle, Cristina Solomon, Gerhard Dickneite, Eva Herzog
Factor XIII (FXIII) is a coagulation protein which plays a major role in hemostasis by covalently cross-linking fibrin molecules, thereby stabilizing the blood clot and increasing resistance to fibrinolysis. FXIII deficiency, either congenital or acquired, is associated with spontaneous bleeding, increased bleeding time, and poor wound healing. Purified plasma-derived human FXIII concentrate (pd hFXIII) has been available since 1993 for therapeutic use in congenital FXIII deficiency. This set of nonclinical investigations aimed to evaluate the pharmacodynamic effects and assess the safety profile of pd hFXIII...
April 2016: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
James R Byrnes, Alisa S Wolberg
Arterial and venous thromboses are major contributors to coagulation-associated morbidity and mortality. Greater understanding of mechanisms leading to thrombus formation and stability is expected to lead to improved treatment strategies. Factor XIII (FXIII) is a transglutaminase found in plasma and platelets. During thrombosis, activated FXIII cross-links fibrin and promotes thrombus stability. Recent studies have provided new information about FXIII activity during coagulation and its effects on clot composition and function...
June 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Claire Petitjean, Natasha M Setiabakti, Jessica K Mountford, Jane F Arthur, Sarah Ellis, Justin R Hamilton
The physiological functions and cellular signaling of Class II phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) remain largely unknown. Platelets express two Class II PI3Ks: PI3KC2α and PI3KC2β. PI3KC2α deficiency was recently reported to cause disruption of the internal membrane reserve structure of platelets (open canalicular system, OCS) that results in dysregulated platelet adhesion and impaired arterial thrombosis in vivo. Notably, these effects on platelets occurred despite normal agonist-induced 3-phosphorylated phosphoinositide (3-PPI) production and cellular activation in PI3KC2α-deficient platelets...
July 2016: Platelets
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