Read by QxMD icon Read


A E Bobrov, E G Starostina, M M Aleksandrova
AIM: To study mental disorders in acromegaly due to somatotropinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 115 consecutively recruited patients with acromegaly (95 female and 20 male, aged from 21 to 78 years). Acromegaly was diagnosed by endocrinologists according to current guidelines based on clinical, laboratory data and brain MRI. All patients underwent a clinical psychiatric interview based on ICD-10 criteria. The Mini-Mental State Examination scale and Hypomania-Checklist (HCL-32) were used...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Georgina M Hosang, Alastair G Cardno, Daniel Freeman, Angelica Ronald
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to test the validity of using the Hypomania Checklist-16 [HCL-16] to measure hypomania in a British adolescent community sample. Limited research is available concerning the characterization of hypomania among community adolescent samples, particularly in the UK, despite its potential importance for early intervention policy development. METHOD: To explore the structure and characterization of hypomania in a British adolescent nonclinical cohort, over 1400 17 year olds (Mean=17...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ilaria Galizia, Lucio Oldani, Karine Macritchie, Erica Amari, Dominic Dougall, Tessa N Jones, Raymond W Lam, Guido Jacopo Massei, Lakshmi N Yatham, Allan H Young
BACKGROUND: Depression is a recurrent illness with high rates of chronicity, treatment-resistance and significant economic impact. There is evidence in the literature that S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe), a naturally occurring compound in the human body, has antidepressant efficacy. This product may be an important addition to the armamentarium of antidepressant agents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of SAMe in comparison with placebo or antidepressants for the treatment of depression in adults...
October 10, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sercan Bulut Çelik, Gamze Erten Bucaktepe, Ayşegül Uludağ, İbrahim Umud Bulut, Özgür Erdem, Kürşat Altınbaş
INTRODUCTION: Mixed depression is a clinical condition accompanied by the symptoms of (hypo)mania and is considered to be a predictor for bipolar disorder. Compared to pure major depression, mixed depression is worse in progress. There are limited data on the prevalence of mixed depression since it is a relatively new entity. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of mixed depression during the postpartum period which is risky for mood disorders. METHODS: The study included 63 postpartum women...
August 4, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Erika F H Saunders, Christopher E Ramsden, Mostafa S Sherazy, Alan J Gelenberg, John M Davis, Stanley I Rapoport
OBJECTIVE: There is growing evidence that inflammation is an important mediator of pathophysiology in bipolar disorder. The omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolic pathways participate in several inflammatory processes and have been linked through epidemiologic and clinical studies to bipolar disorder and its response to treatment. We review the data on PUFAs as biomarkers in bipolar disorder and n-3 PUFA used as treatment for bipolar disorder. DATA SOURCES: PubMed and CINAHL were searched for articles on PUFA and bipolar disorder published in the English language through November 6, 2013, with an updated search conducted on August 20, 2015...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Leila Mnif, Rim Sellami, Jawaher Masmoudi
INTRODUCTION: Post-stroke emotional incontinence and bipolar disorder are two disorders that involve the dysfunction of brain structures responsible for emotional regulation. The objective of this work is to study the links between these disorders through a clinical case. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 43-year-old man without previous psychiatric history who experienced emotional incontinence after cerebrovascular events. He reacted promptly to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Rodrigo Machado-Vieira, David A Luckenbaugh, Elizabeth D Ballard, Ioline D Henter, Mauricio Tohen, Trisha Suppes, Carlos A Zarate
OBJECTIVE: DSM-5 describes "a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood and abnormally and persistently increased activity or energy" as a primary criterion for mania. Thus, increased energy or activity is now considered a core symptom of manic and hypomanic episodes. Using data from the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder study, the authors analyzed point prevalence data obtained at the initial visit to assess the diagnostic validity of this new DSM-5 criterion...
August 13, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Sushma Bilichodu Rangappa, Shashidhara Munivenkatappa, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Sanjeev Jain, Y C Janardhan Reddy
Many long-term follow-up studies suggest that bipolar disorder (BD) is highly recurrent and that depressive episodes are commoner than hypomania/manic episodes. However, some studies from tropical countries including India suggest that the patients experience a greater proportion of manic episodes than depressive episodes. The aim of the present study was to examine the course of BD type 1 (BD I) in a sample of hospitalized Indian subjects. We examined the clinical course of 285 BD I subjects with at least 5 years of illness using standard life charting method...
August 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Ju-Wan Kim, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Sung-Wan Kim, Hee-Ju Kang, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon, Jae-Min Kim
Major depressive disorder is often resistant to antidepressant treatment. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been used in treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Known adverse events of rTMS include transient headache, local pain, syncope, seizure induction, and hypomania induction. This report outlines a patient with TRD who unexpectedly improved following a seizure during the course of rTMS, which has never been reported.
July 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
J F Hayes, G M Khandaker, J Anderson, D Mackay, S Zammit, G Lewis, D J Smith, D P J Osborn
BACKGROUND: There are no existing longitudinal studies of inflammatory markers and atopic disorders in childhood and risk of hypomanic symptoms in adulthood. This study examined if childhood: (1) serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP); and (2) asthma and/or eczema are associated with features of hypomania in young adulthood. METHOD: Participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a prospective general population UK birth cohort, had non-fasting blood samples for IL-6 and CRP measurement at the age of 9 years (n = 4645), and parents answered a question about doctor-diagnosed atopic illness before the age of 10 years (n = 7809)...
August 1, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Maria Inês da Rosa, Carla Simon, Antonio Jose Grande, Tatiana Barichello, Jean Pierre Oses, João Quevedo
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of mania/hypomania, affecting more than 1% of the world population. S100B is a calcium-binding protein, mostly produced and secreted by astrocytes in the CNS that participate in several cellular responses. Previous studies have shown that patients with bipolar disorder had higher peripheral S100B levels than healthy individuals, suggesting a potential role for S100B BD. METHODS: In this study, a systematic and quantitative meta-analysis of studies S100B serum was performed according to the guidelines PRISMA-statement to confirm the increase of serum S100B in patients with manic bipolar disorder...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Erin E Michalak, Melinda J Suto, Steven J Barnes, Sharon Hou, Sara Lapsley, Mike Scott, Greg Murray, Jehannine Austin, Nusha Balram Elliott, Lesley Berk, Crest Bd
BACKGROUND: Self-management represents an important complement to psychosocial treatments for bipolar disorder (BD), but research is limited. Specifically, little is known about self-management approaches for elevated mood states; this study investigated self-management strategies for: (1) maintaining balance in mood, and (2) stopping progression into hypomania/mania. METHODS: To identify the common components of BD self-management, Delphi Consensus Consultation methods were combined with a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) approach across five study phases: (1) Qualitative dataset content analysis; (2) Academic/grey literature reviews; (3) Content analysis; (4) Two Delphi rounds (rating strategies on a 5-point Likert scale, Very Unhelpful-Very Helpful), and; (5) Quantitative analysis and interpretation...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Mohammad Haghighi, Reza Barikani, Leila Jahangard, Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Hafez Bajoghli, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the long-term outcomes for patients with bipolar I disorder (BP-I-D) and treated with ECT. Therefore, we asked whether mania scores and cognitive performance at the end of ECT treatment (baseline/BL) predicted mania scores, cognitive performance, recurrence, treatment adherence, and mood (depression; hypomania) two years later (follow-up/FU). METHOD: 38 patients with BP-I-D undergoing ECT at baseline were followed up two years later...
August 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Gordon Parker, Rebecca Graham
OBJECTIVE: A recent study reported an 8% increase in bipolar diagnoses in public and community mental health services in New South Wales from 2003 to 2014, an increase interpreted by the authors as reflecting increasing diagnostic boundaries of bipolar disorder, and bipolar II in particular. If valid, we would expect an increase in hospital admissions for hypomania as well as for mania and so analysed a relevant dataset to test that hypothesis. METHODS: Data were examined for 27,255 individuals hospitalised in NSW psychiatric hospitals over a 14-year period (2000-2014) for ICD-10 diagnosed mania or hypomania and with analyses examining rates of hospitalisation/per year for both mania and for hypomania...
July 12, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Jeffrey M Spielberg, Erik B Beall, Leslie A Hulvershorn, Murat Altinay, Harish Karne, Amit Anand
Research on resting functional brain networks in bipolar disorder (BP) has been unable to differentiate between disturbances related to mania or depression, which is necessary to understand the mechanisms leading to each state. Past research has also been unable to elucidate the impact of BP-related network disturbances on the organizational properties of the brain (eg, communication efficiency). Thus, the present work sought to isolate network disturbances related to BP, fractionate these into components associated with manic and depressive symptoms, and characterize the impact of disturbances on network function...
June 30, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Haichen Yang, Linling Li, Hongjun Peng, Tiebang Liu, Allan H Young, Jules Angst, Rong Ye, Han Rong, Erni Ji, Yunhai Qiu, Lingjiang Li
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is difficult to diagnose in the early stages of the illness, with the most frequent misdiagnosis being major depressive disorder (MDD). We aimed to use a regional homogeneity (ReHo) approach with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) to investigate the features of spontaneous brain activity in MDD patients screening positive on the 32-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32). METHODS: Nineteen MDD patients screening positive (HCL-32(+); 9 males; 24...
October 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Marco Di Nicola, Delfina Janiri, Giovanni Martinotti, Luigi Janiri
BACKGROUND: Predominant polarity characterises patients who mainly manifest recurrences of depression or mania/hypomania. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and polysubstance use (PSU), which often complicate bipolar disorder (BD) and affect its clinical course, can influence predominant polarity. Nevertheless, previous studies have not clarified if BD patients differ in predominant polarity from BD patients with substance use disorder (SUD) comorbidity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare predominant polarity between BD without SUD, BD with AUD and BD with PSU...
June 6, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
Tzu-Yun Wang, Sheng-Yu Lee, Shiou-Lan Chen, Yun-Hsuan Chang, Liang-Jen Wang, Po See Chen, Shih-Heng Chen, Chun-Hsien Chu, San-Yuan Huang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Chia-Ling Li, Yi-Lun Chung, Tsai-Hsin Hsieh, I Hui Lee, Kao Chin Chen, Yen Kuang Yang, Jau-Shyong Hong, Ru-Band Lu
Patients with subthreshold hypomania (SBP; subthreshold bipolar disorder) were indistinguishable from those with bipolar disorder (BP)-II on clinical bipolar validators, but their analyses lacked biological and pharmacological treatment data. Because inflammation and neuroprogression underlies BP, we hypothesized that cytokines and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are biomarkers for BP. We enrolled 41 drug-naïve patients with SBP and 48 with BP-II undergoing 12 weeks of pharmacological treatment (valproic acid, fluoxetine, risperidone, lorazepam)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Davy Vancampfort, Pascal Sienaert, Sabine Wyckaert, Marc De Hert, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst
A sedentary lifestyle is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. Little is known however about sedentary behavior in people with bipolar disorder (BD). The primary aim of this study was to explore associations between sitting time (as a proxy for a sedentary lifestyle) and physical fitness and metabolic parameters in BD. A secondary aim was to investigate associations between psychiatric symptoms, psychotropic medication use and sitting time. Thirty-nine (21♀) participants (43...
August 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Kazeem Ayinde Ayanda, Dauda Sulyman
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders may complicate epilepsy which can further impair the quality of life of people living with this chronic neurological condition. The aim of this study was to determine the types of psychiatric disorders in patients with epilepsy and to determine the sociodemographic and clinical factors that may predict these psychiatric illnesses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out over a period of 6 months at Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria...
January 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"