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Hypomania

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916405/treatment-emergent-mania-hypomania-during-antidepressant-treatment-with-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
André R Brunoni, Adriano H Moffa, Bernardo Sampaio-Júnior, Verònica Gálvez, Colleen K Loo
BACKGROUND: Treatment-emergent mania/hypomania (TEM) is a possible adverse effect of pharmacological and non-pharmacological antidepressant treatments. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the risk of TEM in depressed patients during randomized, sham-controlled trials (RCTs). DATA SOURCES: Medline database, from the first date available to August 12, 2016. RESULTS: From 283 references, 10 RCTs were identified...
November 14, 2016: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862615/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-bipolar-disorder-and-social-interaction-a-qualitative-investigation
#2
Rebecca Owen, Patricia Gooding, Robert Dempsey, Steven Jones
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that social support can influence relapse rates, functioning and various clinical outcomes in people with bipolar disorder. Yet 'social support' is a poorly defined construct, and the mechanisms by which it affects illness course in bipolar disorder remain largely unknown. Key aims of this study were to ascertain which facets of social interaction affect mood management in bipolar disorder, and how symptoms of bipolar disorder can influence the level of support received...
November 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822021/time-to-lack-of-persistence-with-pharmacological-treatment-among-patients-with-current-depressive-episodes-a-natural-study-with-1-year-follow-up
#3
Kanglai Li, Qinling Wei, Guanying Li, Xiangjun He, Yingtao Liao, Zhaoyu Gan
INTRODUCTION: Medication nonadherence remains a big challenge for depressive patients. This study aims to assess and compare the medication persistence between unipolar depression (UD) and bipolar depression (BD). METHODS: A total of 146 UD and 187 BD patients were recruited at their first index prescription. Time to lack of persistence with pharmacological treatment (defined as a gap of at least 60 days without taking any medication) was calculated, and clinical characteristics were collected...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816074/role-of-reward-sensitivity-and-processing-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-spectrum-disorders
#4
Lauren B Alloy, Thomas Olino, Rachel D Freed, Robin Nusslock
Since Costello's (1972) seminal Behavior Therapy article on loss of reinforcers or reinforcer effectiveness in depression, the role of reward sensitivity and processing in both depression and bipolar disorder has become a central area of investigation. In this article, we review the evidence for a model of reward sensitivity in mood disorders, with unipolar depression characterized by reward hyposensitivity and bipolar disorders by reward hypersensitivity. We address whether aberrant reward sensitivity and processing are correlates of, mood-independent traits of, vulnerabilities for, and/or predictors of the course of depression and bipolar spectrum disorders, covering evidence from self-report, behavioral, neurophysiological, and neural levels of analysis...
September 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810616/exposure-to-tobacco-smoke-in-utero-or-during-early-childhood-and-risk-of-hypomania-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#5
D F Mackay, J J Anderson, J P Pell, S Zammit, D J Smith
OBJECTIVES: Using data from a prospective birth cohort, we aimed to test for an association between exposure to tobacco smoke in utero or during early development and the experience of hypomania assessed in young adulthood. METHODS: We used data on 2957 participants from a large birth cohort (Avon longitudinal study of parents and children [ALSPAC]). The primary outcome of interest was hypomania, and the secondary outcome was "hypomania plus previous psychotic experiences (PE)"...
October 28, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769005/a-genome-wide-association-study-suggests-the-association-of-muskelin-with-early-onset-bipolar-disorder-implications-for-a-gabaergic-epileptogenic-neurogenesis-model
#6
Malik Nassan, Qingqin Li, Paul E Croarkin, Wenan Chen, Colin L Colby, Marin Veldic, Susan L McElroy, Gregory D Jenkins, Euijung Ryu, Julie M Cunningham, Marion Leboyer, Mark A Frye, Joanna M Biernacka
BACKGROUND: Although multiple genes have been implicated in bipolar disorder (BD), they explain only a small proportion of its heritability. Identifying additional BD risk variants may be impaired by phenotypic heterogeneity, which is usually not taken into account in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). BD with early age at onset is a more homogeneous familial form of the disorder associated with greater symptom severity. METHODS: We conducted a GWAS of early-onset BD (onset of mania/hypomania ≤19 years old) in a discovery sample of 419 cases and 1034 controls and a replication sample of 181 cases and 777 controls...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735894/-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-acromegaly
#7
A E Bobrov, E G Starostina, M M Aleksandrova
AIM: To study mental disorders in acromegaly due to somatotropinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 115 consecutively recruited patients with acromegaly (95 female and 20 male, aged from 21 to 78 years). Acromegaly was diagnosed by endocrinologists according to current guidelines based on clinical, laboratory data and brain MRI. All patients underwent a clinical psychiatric interview based on ICD-10 criteria. The Mini-Mental State Examination scale and Hypomania-Checklist (HCL-32) were used...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728870/characterization-and-structure-of-hypomania-in-a-british-nonclinical-adolescent-sample
#8
Georgina M Hosang, Alastair G Cardno, Daniel Freeman, Angelica Ronald
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to test the validity of using the Hypomania Checklist-16 [HCL-16] to measure hypomania in a British adolescent community sample. Limited research is available concerning the characterization of hypomania among community adolescent samples, particularly in the UK, despite its potential importance for early intervention policy development. METHOD: To explore the structure and characterization of hypomania in a British adolescent nonclinical cohort, over 1400 17 year olds (Mean=17...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727432/s-adenosyl-methionine-same-for-depression-in-adults
#9
REVIEW
Ilaria Galizia, Lucio Oldani, Karine Macritchie, Erica Amari, Dominic Dougall, Tessa N Jones, Raymond W Lam, Guido Jacopo Massei, Lakshmi N Yatham, Allan H Young
BACKGROUND: Depression is a recurrent illness with high rates of chronicity, treatment-resistance and significant economic impact. There is evidence in the literature that S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe), a naturally occurring compound in the human body, has antidepressant efficacy. This product may be an important addition to the armamentarium of antidepressant agents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of SAMe in comparison with placebo or antidepressants for the treatment of depression in adults...
October 10, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632572/screening-mixed-depression-and-bipolarity-in-the-postpartum-period-at-a-primary-health-care-center
#10
Sercan Bulut Çelik, Gamze Erten Bucaktepe, Ayşegül Uludağ, İbrahim Umud Bulut, Özgür Erdem, Kürşat Altınbaş
INTRODUCTION: Mixed depression is a clinical condition accompanied by the symptoms of (hypo)mania and is considered to be a predictor for bipolar disorder. Compared to pure major depression, mixed depression is worse in progress. There are limited data on the prevalence of mixed depression since it is a relatively new entity. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of mixed depression during the postpartum period which is risky for mood disorders. METHODS: The study included 63 postpartum women...
August 4, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631140/omega-3-and-omega-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-bipolar-disorder-a-review-of-biomarker-and-treatment-studies
#11
Erika F H Saunders, Christopher E Ramsden, Mostafa S Sherazy, Alan J Gelenberg, John M Davis, Stanley I Rapoport
OBJECTIVE: There is growing evidence that inflammation is an important mediator of pathophysiology in bipolar disorder. The omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolic pathways participate in several inflammatory processes and have been linked through epidemiologic and clinical studies to bipolar disorder and its response to treatment. We review the data on PUFAs as biomarkers in bipolar disorder and n-3 PUFA used as treatment for bipolar disorder. DATA SOURCES: PubMed and CINAHL were searched for articles on PUFA and bipolar disorder published in the English language through November 6, 2013, with an updated search conducted on August 20, 2015...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536109/post-stroke-emotional-incontinence-or-bipolar-disorder
#12
Leila Mnif, Rim Sellami, Jawaher Masmoudi
INTRODUCTION: Post-stroke emotional incontinence and bipolar disorder are two disorders that involve the dysfunction of brain structures responsible for emotional regulation. The objective of this work is to study the links between these disorders through a clinical case. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 43-year-old man without previous psychiatric history who experienced emotional incontinence after cerebrovascular events. He reacted promptly to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523498/increased-activity-or-energy-as-a-primary-criterion-for-the-diagnosis-of-bipolar-mania-in-dsm-5-findings-from-the-step-bd-study
#13
Rodrigo Machado-Vieira, David A Luckenbaugh, Elizabeth D Ballard, Ioline D Henter, Mauricio Tohen, Trisha Suppes, Carlos A Zarate
OBJECTIVE: DSM-5 describes "a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood and abnormally and persistently increased activity or energy" as a primary criterion for mania. Thus, increased energy or activity is now considered a core symptom of manic and hypomanic episodes. Using data from the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder study, the authors analyzed point prevalence data obtained at the initial visit to assess the diagnostic validity of this new DSM-5 criterion...
August 13, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520890/predominant-mania-course-in-indian-patients-with-bipolar-i-disorder
#14
Sushma Bilichodu Rangappa, Shashidhara Munivenkatappa, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Sanjeev Jain, Y C Janardhan Reddy
Many long-term follow-up studies suggest that bipolar disorder (BD) is highly recurrent and that depressive episodes are commoner than hypomania/manic episodes. However, some studies from tropical countries including India suggest that the patients experience a greater proportion of manic episodes than depressive episodes. The aim of the present study was to examine the course of BD type 1 (BD I) in a sample of hospitalized Indian subjects. We examined the clinical course of 285 BD I subjects with at least 5 years of illness using standard life charting method...
August 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482250/treatment-resistant-depression-entering-remission-following-a-seizure-during-the-course-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#15
Ju-Wan Kim, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Sung-Wan Kim, Hee-Ju Kang, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon, Jae-Min Kim
Major depressive disorder is often resistant to antidepressant treatment. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been used in treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Known adverse events of rTMS include transient headache, local pain, syncope, seizure induction, and hypomania induction. This report outlines a patient with TRD who unexpectedly improved following a seizure during the course of rTMS, which has never been reported.
July 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476619/childhood-interleukin-6-c-reactive-protein-and-atopic-disorders-as-risk-factors-for-hypomanic-symptoms-in-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-birth-cohort-study
#16
J F Hayes, G M Khandaker, J Anderson, D Mackay, S Zammit, G Lewis, D J Smith, D P J Osborn
BACKGROUND: There are no existing longitudinal studies of inflammatory markers and atopic disorders in childhood and risk of hypomanic symptoms in adulthood. This study examined if childhood: (1) serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP); and (2) asthma and/or eczema are associated with features of hypomania in young adulthood. METHOD: Participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a prospective general population UK birth cohort, had non-fasting blood samples for IL-6 and CRP measurement at the age of 9 years (n = 4645), and parents answered a question about doctor-diagnosed atopic illness before the age of 10 years (n = 7809)...
August 1, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475892/serum-s100b-in-manic-bipolar-disorder-patients-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Maria Inês da Rosa, Carla Simon, Antonio Jose Grande, Tatiana Barichello, Jean Pierre Oses, João Quevedo
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of mania/hypomania, affecting more than 1% of the world population. S100B is a calcium-binding protein, mostly produced and secreted by astrocytes in the CNS that participate in several cellular responses. Previous studies have shown that patients with bipolar disorder had higher peripheral S100B levels than healthy individuals, suggesting a potential role for S100B BD. METHODS: In this study, a systematic and quantitative meta-analysis of studies S100B serum was performed according to the guidelines PRISMA-statement to confirm the increase of serum S100B in patients with manic bipolar disorder...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466745/effective-self-management-strategies-for-bipolar-disorder-a-community-engaged-delphi-consensus-consultation-study
#18
Erin E Michalak, Melinda J Suto, Steven J Barnes, Sharon Hou, Sara Lapsley, Mike Scott, Greg Murray, Jehannine Austin, Nusha Balram Elliott, Lesley Berk, Crest Bd
BACKGROUND: Self-management represents an important complement to psychosocial treatments for bipolar disorder (BD), but research is limited. Specifically, little is known about self-management approaches for elevated mood states; this study investigated self-management strategies for: (1) maintaining balance in mood, and (2) stopping progression into hypomania/mania. METHODS: To identify the common components of BD self-management, Delphi Consensus Consultation methods were combined with a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) approach across five study phases: (1) Qualitative dataset content analysis; (2) Academic/grey literature reviews; (3) Content analysis; (4) Two Delphi rounds (rating strategies on a 5-point Likert scale, Very Unhelpful-Very Helpful), and; (5) Quantitative analysis and interpretation...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423347/levels-of-mania-and-cognitive-performance-two-years-after-ect-in-patients-with-bipolar-i-disorder-results-from-a-follow-up-study
#19
Mohammad Haghighi, Reza Barikani, Leila Jahangard, Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Hafez Bajoghli, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the long-term outcomes for patients with bipolar I disorder (BP-I-D) and treated with ECT. Therefore, we asked whether mania scores and cognitive performance at the end of ECT treatment (baseline/BL) predicted mania scores, cognitive performance, recurrence, treatment adherence, and mood (depression; hypomania) two years later (follow-up/FU). METHOD: 38 patients with BP-I-D undergoing ECT at baseline were followed up two years later...
August 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406926/trends-in-the-diagnosis-of-bipolar-disorder-has-the-story-changed
#20
Gordon Parker, Rebecca Graham
OBJECTIVE: A recent study reported an 8% increase in bipolar diagnoses in public and community mental health services in New South Wales from 2003 to 2014, an increase interpreted by the authors as reflecting increasing diagnostic boundaries of bipolar disorder, and bipolar II in particular. If valid, we would expect an increase in hospital admissions for hypomania as well as for mania and so analysed a relevant dataset to test that hypothesis. METHODS: Data were examined for 27,255 individuals hospitalised in NSW psychiatric hospitals over a 14-year period (2000-2014) for ICD-10 diagnosed mania or hypomania and with analyses examining rates of hospitalisation/per year for both mania and for hypomania...
July 12, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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