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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876284/the-site-of-stimulation-moderates-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-after-subthalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-for-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Philip E Mosley, David Smith, Terry Coyne, Peter Silburn, Michael Breakspear, Alistair Perry
Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus for Parkinson's disease is an established advanced therapy that addresses motor symptoms and improves quality of life. However, it has also been associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms such as impulsivity and hypomania. When significant, these symptoms can be distressing, necessitating psychiatric intervention. However, a comprehensive analysis of neurocognitive and neuropsychiatric outcomes with reference to the site of subthalamic stimulation has not been undertaken...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862493/characteristics-of-depressive-and-bipolar-disorder-patients-with-mixed-features
#2
L Tondo, G H Vázquez, M Pinna, P A Vaccotto, R J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences between subjects with vs. without mixed features in major affective disorders. METHODS: In 3099 out-patient subjects with DSM-5 major depressive disorder (MDD, n = 1921) or bipolar disorders (BD, n = 1178), we compared those with (Mx) vs. without (Non-Mx) mixed features (agitated-irritable depression or dysphoric [hypo]mania) in an index episode. RESULTS: Prevalence of Mx averaged 21.9% [CI: 20.5-23.4] overall, ranking: BD-II > BD-I > MDD, and in BD depression ≥ [hypo]mania > MDD...
June 3, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792502/successful-validation-of-the-cat-mh-scales-in-a-sample-of-latin-american-migrants-in-the-united-states-and-spain
#3
Robert D Gibbons, Margarita Alegría, Li Cai, Lizbeth Herrera, Sheri Lapatin Markle, Francisco Collazos, Enrique Baca-García
We examined cultural differences in the item characteristic functions of self-reported of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and mania-hypomania in a Latino population taking Computerized Adaptive Tests for Mental Health (CAT-MH) in Spanish versus a non-Latino sample taking the tests in English. We studied differential item functioning (DIF) of the most common adaptively administered symptom items out of a bank of 1,008 items between Latino (n = 1276) and non-Latino (n = 798) subjects. For depression, we identified 4 items with DIF that were good discriminators for non-Latinos but poor discriminators for Latinos...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778054/at-risk-symptoms-of-bipolar-disorder-in-a-university-student-cohort
#4
Ida S Haussleiter, Sandra Lorek, Eike Zeschel, Svenja Mattausch, Milena Meyers, Georg Juckel
To assess the occurrence and frequency of bipolar at-risk symptoms in a large sample of previously undiagnosed students using the new screening tool Bochumer Screeningbogen Bipolar (BSB). 2329 students of the Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany completed online demographic data as well as various self-rating questionnaires (BSB; Hypomania Checklist 32; Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale; Beck Depression Inventory). Within the student cohort (64.4% female, mean age 24.3 years) every fifth student currently suffered from moderate to severe depressive symptoms; every sixth student had already thought about suicide and every other student reported a history of mood swings...
May 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775085/usage-of-therapeutic-sleep-deprivation-a-survey-in-psychiatric-hospitals-in-austria-germany-and-switzerland
#5
Dietmar Winkler, Marie Spies, Yasmin Al-Resheg, Joseph C Wu, William E Bunney, Blynn G Bunney, Siegfried Kasper, Edda Pjrek
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic sleep deprivation (SD) is a nonpharmacological treatment that is used most often for depression. The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of use of SD in psychiatric hospitals in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. METHODS: A questionnaire about perceived usage of SD was sent by mail to all 511 psychiatric hospitals in the three countries. Nonresponders were asked to answer the questionnaire by phone. We achieved a response rate of 75...
May 18, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736129/analysis-of-misdiagnosis-of-bipolar-disorder-in-an-outpatient-setting
#6
Hui Shen, Li Zhang, Chuchen Xu, Jinling Zhu, Meijuan Chen, Yiru Fang
Background: Bipolar disorder is a mental illness with a high misdiagnosis rate and commonly misdiagnosed as other mental disorders including depression, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and personality disorders, resulting in the mistreatment of clinical symptoms and increasing of recurrent episodes. Aims: To understand the reasons for misdiagnosis of bipolar disorder in an outpatient setting in order to help clinicians more clearly identify the disease and avoid diagnostic errors...
April 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734096/does-recent-mania-affect-response-to-antidepressants-in-bipolar-disorder-a-re-analysis-of-step-bd-data
#7
Zahra Mousavi, Sheri Johnson, Descartes Li
BACKGROUND: One previous study suggested that the presence of a manic episode before bipolar depression is related to worse response to antidepressants. METHOD: To examine this effect in a larger sample, we used data from the large, multi-site STEP-BD study. We hypothesized that among persons treated with antidepressants for bipolar depression, manic or mixed episodes before depression onset (as compared to euthymia) would predict lower rate of recovery, more sustained depressive symptoms and higher rate of switching into mania/hypomania after antidepressant treatment of bipolar depression...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730999/skin-picking-disorder-prevalence-correlates-and-associations-with-quality-of-life-in-a-large-sample
#8
Myrela O Machado, Cristiano A Köhler, Brendon Stubbs, Paulo R Nunes-Neto, Ai Koyanagi, João Quevedo, Jair C Soares, Thomas N Hyphantis, Donatella Marazziti, Michael Maes, Dan J Stein, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that skin picking disorder (SPD) could be a prevalent condition associated with comorbidity and psychosocial dysfunction. However, just a few studies have assessed the prevalence and correlates of SPD in samples from low- and middle-income countries. In addition, the impact of SPD on quality of life (QoL) dimension after multivariable adjustment to potential confounders remains unclear. METHODS: Data were obtained from a Brazilian anonymous Web-based research platform...
May 7, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709719/cerebral-processing-of-facial-emotions-in-bipolar-i-and-ii-disorders-an-event-related-potential-study
#9
Bingren Zhang, Chu Wang, Guorong Ma, Hongying Fan, Jiawei Wang, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Behavioral results have shown that bipolar disorder patients have impaired recognition of facial emotions, but the detailed information processing of facial emotions in patients with bipolar I (BD I) and II (BD II) disorders remain unknown. METHODS: We tested the cerebral event-related potentials to the static facial expressions of Neutral, Happiness, Anger and Sadness in 39 adult patients with BD I, 22 BD II, and 54 healthy volunteers. Participants' affective states were measured with the Mood Disorder Questionnaire, the Hypomania Checklist-32, and the Plutchik-van Praag Depression Inventory...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694944/looking-for-bipolarity-in-antidepressant-discontinuation-manic-states-update-and-diagnostic-considerations-of-the-phenomenon
#10
Sandra Abou Kassm, Wadih Naja
BACKGROUND: Antidepressant withdrawal manic states are intriguing and under-recognized phenomena. The associated patho-physiological pathways are ill defined and the inclusion of the phenomena in the bipolar spectrum disorders is questionable. This study aims to update a review on antidepressant discontinuation manic states published in 2008 and to look for hints alluding to bipolar disorder in the affected published cases and in the literature. It also reviews the different hypotheses proposed to explain discontinuation mania...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682434/hypomania-risk-in-noninvasive-brain-stimulation
#11
REVIEW
Abhishek Gupta, Mahwish Adnan
Noninvasive brain stimulation, using electromagnetic waves (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)) and direct electrical current (transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)), is a new frontier in treating psychiatric maladies. While still being developed as viable treatment options, both options have had numerously reported side-effects, with hypomania being a significant concern during investigations. While there has been a relatively rare incidence of hypomania among rTMS/tDCS trials, it still posits an important issue regarding the safety of both treatment modalities...
February 19, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657181/a-personal-narrative-on-living-and-dealing-with-psychiatric-symptoms-after-dbs-surgery
#12
Frédéricand Gilbert, John Noel Viaña
Although deep brain stimulation (DBS) may result in dramatic motor improvement in people with Parkinson's disease (PD), it has been correlated with a number of postoperative psychiatric side effects. We report a case of a person with PD experiencing depression and hypomania following DBS surgery. We provide a detailed report of the patient's personal experiences dealing with and managing these psychiatric side effects for three years. Providing a personal narrative focusing on detailed patient subjective experiences complements reports that give insight into the short- and long-term effects of DBS on established psychiatric measures and neurologic activity...
2018: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656268/the-development-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-33-item-hypomania-checklist-hcl-33
#13
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Yuan Feng, Dan-Dan Xu, Wei Huang, Ines H I Chow, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Zhen Yuan, Gang Wang, Yu-Tao Xiang
BACKGROUND: The misdiagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) as major depressive disorder (MDD) is common in clinical practice and may result in inappropriate treatment. The 33-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-33) is a newly developed screening scale for BD with satisfactory psychometric properties. In this study, a short version of the HCL-33 was developed and validated to discriminate between BD and MDD. METHOD: All interviews were conducted in a major psychiatric hospital in China...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655654/factorial-structure-and-familial-aggregation-of-the-hypomania-checklist-32-hcl-32-results-of-the-nimh-family-study-of-affective-spectrum-disorders
#14
Jennifer Glaus, Anna Van Meter, Lihong Cui, Ciro Marangoni, Kathleen R Merikangas
BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence that bipolar disorder (BD) manifests on a spectrum rather than as a categorical condition. Detection of people with subthreshold manifestations of BD is therefore important. The Hypomania Checklist-32 (HCL-32) was developed as a tool to identify such people. PURPOSE: The aims of this paper were to: (1) investigate the factor structure of HCL-32; (2) determine whether the HCL-32 can discriminate between mood disorder subtypes; and (3) assess the familial aggregation and cross-aggregation of hypomanic symptoms assessed on the HCL with BD...
April 3, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625762/effectiveness-of-preventive-cognitive-therapy-while-tapering-antidepressants-versus-maintenance-antidepressant-treatment-versus-their-combination-in-prevention-of-depressive-relapse-or-recurrence-drd-study-a-three-group-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Claudi L H Bockting, Nicola S Klein, Hermien J Elgersma, Gerard D van Rijsbergen, Christien Slofstra, Johan Ormel, Erik Buskens, Jack Dekker, Peter J de Jong, Willem A Nolen, Aart H Schene, Steven D Hollon, Huibert Burger
BACKGROUND: Keeping individuals on antidepressants after remission or recovery of major depressive disorder is a common strategy to prevent relapse or recurrence. Preventive cognitive therapy (PCT) has been proposed as an alternative to maintenance antidepressant treatment, but whether its addition would allow tapering of antidepressants or enhance the efficacy of maintenance antidepressant treatment is unclear. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of antidepressants alone, with PCT while tapering off antidepressants, or PCT added to antidepressants in the prevention of relapse and recurrence...
May 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620693/longer-term-effectiveness-and-tolerability-of-adjunctive-open-lurasidone-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#16
Shefali Miller, Dennis Do, Anda Gershon, Po W Wang, Farnaz Hooshmand, Lauren S Chang, Terence A Ketter
PURPOSE: To retrospectively assess lurasidone effectiveness/efficacy/tolerability in bipolar disorder (BD) patients. METHODS: Outpatients assessed with Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for BD Affective Disorders Evaluation received naturalistically administered (primarily adjunctive) open lurasidone while monitored at visits with the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for BD Clinical Monitoring Form. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients (32 type I, 26 type II, 3 type not otherwise specified; mean ± SD age, 45...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593205/hypomania-in-bobble-head-doll-syndrome-a-case-report-of-surgically-treated-stereotypy-and-hypomania
#17
Myong Hun Hahm, Jungmin Woo, Ki Hong Kim
A 22-year-old man was admitted with gradually aggravating stereotypic head movement with hypomania. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed a large suprasellar arachnoid cyst extending into the third ventricle, with obstructive hydrocephalus, characteristic of bobble-head doll syndrome. Endoscopic fenestration of the suprasellar arachnoid cyst was performed. Stereotypic head movement stopped immediately after surgery and hypomanic symptoms gradually improved within a month. During 4 years of follow-up observation without medication, neuropsychiatric symptoms did not relapse...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477589/the-role-of-affective-temperaments-assessed-by-the-temperament-evaluation-of-memphis-pisa-and-san-diego-autoquestionnaire-temps-a-in-the-relationship-between-morningness-eveningness-and-bipolarity
#18
Adrian A Chrobak, Anna Tereszko, Daria Dembinska-Krajewska, Aleksandra Arciszewska, Ewa Dopierała, Marcin Siwek, Dominika Dudek, Janusz K Rybakowski
BACKGROUND: Growing number of studies indicates a link between eveningness chronotype, affective temperaments and bipolarity, both in patients with mood disorders and in general population. Given these tripartite associations, we hypothesized that the effect of circadian preferences on the bipolarity may be mediated by the temperamental traits. METHODS: The study included 1449 subjects (402 men and 1047 women). They all fulfilled a web-based questionnaire, consisting of the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM), Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ), Hypomania Checklist-32 (HCL-32) and the Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
May 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472753/autopsy-proven-mirtazapine-withdrawal-induced-mania-hypomania-associated-with-sudden-death
#19
Rena Pombo, Etta Johnson, Alejandra Gamboa, Bennet Omalu
Manic episodes induced by antidepressant withdrawal are rarely reported. Mirtazapine is a tetracyclic, piperazinoazepine compound and is a noradrenergic, adrenergic, serotonergic, histaminergic, and muscarinic-antagonist antidepressant that is used for the treatment of major depression and other psychiatric illnesses. There are several reported cases of manic/hypomanic episodes induced by mirtazapine withdrawal based on suspected clinical symptoms that were not confirmed by autopsy and toxicology. We present the first reported case of mirtazapine withdrawal-induced mania/hypomania associated with sudden death and confirmed by autopsy and toxicology...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465902/-the-facets-of-creativity-in-the-light-of-bipolar-mood-alterations
#20
Réka Szakács
The link between creativity, as the highest expression form of human achievement, and bipolar disorder came into focus of scientific investigations and research. Accomplished writers, composers and visual artists show a substantially higher rate of affective disorders, prodominantly bipolar mood disorders, comparing to the general population. Then again, patients afflicted with bipolar II subtype (hypomania and depression), as well as persons presenting the mildest form of bipolar mood swings (cyclothymia) possess higher creative skills...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
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