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Anti-mullerian hormone

Iwona Szydłowska, Aleksandra Marciniak, Agnieszka Brodowska, Marcin Lisak, Sylwia Przysiecka, Jacek Różański
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether ovarian reserve depends on chronic kidney disease. Twenty-four patients, 23-45 years with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3-4 were included in the study. All the patients underwent transvaginal ultrasounds to assess antral follicle count (AFC) and ovarian volume. The serum samples were obtained on days 3-5 of the menstrual cycle from all participants for anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and estradiol (E2) levels. On the base of the study, it was concluded that the most sensitive parameters of ovarian reserve are AMH and AFC...
June 19, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
M Bourdon, L Torres-Rovira, D Monniaux, C Faure, R Levy, A Tarrade, D Rousseau-Ralliard, P Chavatte-Palmer, G Jolivet
The aim of the present work was to address experimentally the possible impact of exposure to air pollution during gestation on the differentiation and function of the gonads of the offspring using a rabbit model. Rabbits were exposed daily to diluted diesel exhaust gas or filtered air from the 3rd until the 27th day of gestation, during which time germ cells migrate in genital ridges and divide, and fetal sex is determined. Offspring gonads were collected shortly before birth (28th day of gestation) or after puberty (7...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Thaís Abritta Zacarias, Taynan Stonoga Kawamoto, João Ricardo Scaliante Júnior, Ana Luiza Silva Guimarães, Maurício Machaim Franco, Ricardo Alamino Figueiredo
The inclusion of pre-pubertal bovine females in reproductive management could allow in vitro embryo production and reduce generation interval, thereby causing faster genetic gain of the herd. However, oocytes of pre-pubertal females have lower competence, blastocyst production, and pregnancy rates than those collected from pubertal animals. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an induced hormonal stimulation on the serum concentrations of Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and FSH, ovarian responses, ovum pick up (OPU), and in vitro produced embryos (IVP) from oocytes obtained from four-to seven-months old Nelore female cattle...
May 31, 2018: Theriogenology
P R Jirge, S M Chougule, A Keni, S Kumar, D Modi
STUDY QUESTION: What is the effect of latent genital tuberculosis (GTB) on ovarian reserve in infertile women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women with latent GTB have lower ovarian reserves and yield lower numbers of oocytes in IVF. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Limited evidence suggests that women with GTB may have a low ovarian reserve. Infertile women have a high incidence of latent GTB and treatment improves fertility outcomes. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: This prospective study from February 2013 to January 2016 compared 431 infertile women diagnosed with latent GTB (Group I) to 453 infertile women without latent GTB (Group II)...
June 12, 2018: Human Reproduction
Zahra Asgari, Afsaneh Tehranian, Safoura Rouholamin, Reihaneh Hosseini, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Mahroo Rezainejad
Background: This study aimed to compare the surgical outcome and ovarian reserve in premenopausal women undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy (without oophorectomy) for benign cause between two methods of with and without prophylactic bilateral salpingectomy. Materials and Methods: In a prospective randomized clinical trial, 62 premenopausal women with benign indication underwent a laparoscopic hysterectomy. Patients were then randomized to undergo hysterectomy with bilateral salpingectomy (Group 1; n = 15) or without bilateral salpingectomy (Group 2; n = 15)...
April 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Zhongquan Zhao, Fangyue Guo, Xiaowei Sun, Qijie He, Zinuo Dai, Xiaochuan Chen, Yongju Zhao, Jian Wang
Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), a member of the TGF-β superfamily, is produced by granulosa cells (GCs) of preantral and small antral follicles and plays a role in regulating the recruitment of primordial follicles and the FSH-dependent development of follicles. However, the regulation of AMH expression in follicles remains poorly understood. The objectives of this study were to determine the following: 1. the association between bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) and AMH; 2. whether BMP15 can regulate the expression of AMH by inhibiting the p38 MAPK pathway; and 3...
May 31, 2018: Theriogenology
Behzat Can, Remzi Atilgan, Sehmus Pala, Tuncay Kuloğlu, Sule Kiray, Nevin Ilhan
Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of amifostine on cellular injury in the ovarian tissue induced by hysterosalpingography (HSG). Methods: In total, forty 4-month old female Wistar Albino rats were assigned into 8 groups. Each group contained 5 rats. Group 1 (G1): rats were decapitated without any procedure. Group 2 (G2): rats were decapitated after 3 hours of total body irradiation. Group 3 (G3): rats were decapitated 3 hours after HSG procedure...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Limor Man, Laura Park, Richard Bodine, Michael Ginsberg, Nikica Zaninovic, Glenn Schattman, Robert E Schwartz, Zev Rosenwaks, Daylon James
Infertility is a frequent side effect of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy and for some patients, cryopreservation of oocytes or embryos is not an option. As an alternative, an increasing number of these patients are choosing to cryopreserve ovarian tissue for autograft following recovery and remission. Despite improvements in outcomes among patients undergoing auto-transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue, efficient revascularization of grafted tissue remains a major obstacle. To mitigate ischemia and thus improve outcomes in patients undergoing auto-transplantation, we developed a vascular cell-based strategy for accelerating perfusion of ovarian tissue...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Rauf Melekoglu, Osman Ciftci, Sevil Eraslan, Saadet Alan, Nese Basak
Objective: To evaluate the protective effects of glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) and chrysin (CH) on experimental ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rat ovaries using tissue oxidative stress marker levels, hormone levels, and histopathological scores. Methods: Sixty healthy rats were randomly divided into six equal groups: control, I/R, I/R + CH (50 mg/kg/day), I/R + GA (100 mg/kg/day), CH (50 mg/kg/day), and GA (100 mg/kg/day). Biochemical, hormonal, and histopathological evaluations were performed on blood and tissue samples 14 days after CH and GA treatment...
2018: BioMed Research International
Susann Karlberg, Aila Tiitinen, Henrik Alfthan, Marita Lipsanen-Nyman
STUDY QUESTION: What is the timing of onset and clinical course of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) in patients with Mulibrey nanism (MUL), a monogenic disorder caused by mutations of the peroxisomal TRIM37 gene? SUMMARY ANSWER: The number of ovarian follicles is highly reduced already in infant and young MUL girls and the majority of them will have early depletion of follicles resulting in clinical and biochemical signs of POI. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Both female and male patients with MUL show failure of sexual maturation, signs of hypogonadism and infertility...
June 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
Alicia Steel, Rebecca Z Athorn, Christopher G Grupen
There is a need for an early marker for reproductive success in gilts as the traditional process for selecting breeding females is inefficient. There is evidence that circulating anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is indicative of ovarian reserve, antral follicle populations, gonadotropin responsiveness and fertility in various species other than the pig. Additionally, oestradiol (E2) has been shown to mark antral follicle populations in cattle and pregnancy outcomes in women, after gonadotropin treatment. The aims of this study were to determine whether 1) serum levels of AMH or E2, prior to or after gonadotropin injection at 60, 80 or 100 days of age, and 2) hormonal changes in response to gonadotropin stimulation (i...
May 24, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Piotr Czuczwar, Anna Stepniak, Pawel Milart, Tomasz Paszkowski, Slawomir Wozniak
BACKGROUND: To assess and compare the influence of three fibroid treatment options: supracervical hysterectomy, ulipristal acetate and uterine artery embolization on ovarian reserve. METHODS: Prospective, observational, open-label study performed at the 3rd Chair and Department of Gynecology of the Medical University of Lublin, Poland. Premenopausal Caucasian women with symptomatic uterine fibroids were recruited into 3 groupspatients qualified for supracervical hysterectomies; patients qualified for preoperative ulipristal acetate (UPA) treatment scheduled for supracervical hysterectomies or myomectomies; patients qualified for uterine artery embolization (UAE)...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Reyisha Taximaimaiti, Dilinuer Abudujilile, Muzhapaer Maihemuti, Xiekelai Abuliken, Haimiti Abudulimu
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in women. Anti-Müllerian hormone receptor 2 (AMHR2) and C-Kit were two members of protein kinase which were reported increased in some cancers like ovarian carcinoma and breast cancer. The present study aimed to assess the expression of AMHR2 and c-Kit in cervical cancer of different differentiated degrees as well as in cervicitis sections. METHODS: All the lesions were collected randomly during clinical observations in hospitals located in Xinjiang, China...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Inthrani R Indran, Zhongwei Huang, Lay Wai Khin, Jerry K Y Chan, Veronique Viardot-Foucault, E L Yong
OBJECTIVES: Though the Rotterdam 2003 polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) diagnostic criteria is widely used, the need to consider multiple variables makes it unwieldy in clinical practice. We propose a simplified PCOS criteria wherein diagnosis is made if two of the following three items were present: a) oligomenorrhoea b) anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) above threshold and/or c) hyperandrogenism defined as either testosterone above threshold and/or the presence of hirsutism. DESIGN SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This prospective cross-sectional study consists of healthy women (n=157) recruited at an annual hospital health screen for staff and volunteers from the university community, and a patient cohort (n=174) comprising women referred for suspected PCOS...
May 30, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
Mustafa Saygin, Ozlem Ozmen, Onur Erol, Hamit Yasar Ellidag, Ilter Ilhan, Rahime Aslankoc
The present study investigated the effects of applied continuous 2.45 GHz electromagnetic radiation (EMR), which might cause physiopathological or morphological changes in the ovarian, fallopian tubal, and uterine tissues of rats. We proposed that the addition of vitamin C (Vit C) may reduce these severe effects. Eighteen female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups with six animals in each: Sham, EMR (EMR, 1 h/day for 30 days), and EMR + Vit C (EMR, 1 h/day for 30 days 250 mg/kg/daily)...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Safak Hatirnaz, Alper Basbug, Suleyman Akarsu, Ebru Hatirnaz, Hakan Demirci, Michael H Dahan
The aim of this study is to present the clinical outcomes of a random start, a spontaneous folliculogenesis protocol versus Clomiphene Citrate and Gonadotropin treatment in women with occult premature ovarian insufficiency. Women underwent treatment between 1 February 2009, and 30 May 2016. 41 women were treated with the random start protocol while 48 cases received ovarian stimulation with clomiphene and gonadotropins. All included cases met the criteria of 4 months of oligo-ovulation, follicular-stimulating hormone levels over 30 IU/L and anti-Mullerian hormone levels below 0...
May 30, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Melanie Henes, Tobias Engler, Florin-Andrei Taran, Sara Brucker, Katharina Rall, Birthe Janz, Barbara Lawrenz
Previous publications suggest a reduction in the ovarian reserve following ovarian surgery. The influence of the underlying disease, histology, size of the ovarian cyst and type of procedure remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of an ovarian operation on the ovarian reserve, based on the anti-Müllerian hormone levels. The anti-Müllerian hormone values were determined by means of a standardized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In total, 52 patients with one or more ovarian cysts of different histologic entities treated at the Department of Women's Health at the Women's University Hospital in Tübingen were included in the study...
January 2018: Women's Health
Linn Salto Mamsen, Thomas W Kelsey, Erik Ernst, Kirsten Tryde Macklon, Allan Meldgaard Lund, Claus Yding Andersen
PURPOSE: The aim was to describe the first experience with fertility preservation by cryopreservation of ovarian tissue (OTC) in pre-pubertal girls with galactosemia and further to characterize ovarian follicular morphology and expression of proteins important for ovarian function. METHODS: Retrospectively, follicle density was estimated in ovarian cortical tissues from 6 pre-pubertal girls below the age of 12 years diagnosed with galactosemia and from 31 girls below the age of 18 years who had one ovary removed for fertility preservation for other reasons prior to gonadotoxic treatment...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Luisa Casadei, Francesca Fanisio, Roberto Pietro Sorge, Matteo Collamarini, Eleonora Piccolo, Emilio Piccione
PURPOSE: To diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in young infertile women using different diagnostic criteria. To define serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) cutoff values for PCOS definition. To investigate the correlation between AMH and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Retrospective case-control study. A total of 140 infertile women (age 21-35 years) were enrolled. PCOS was defined according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) criteria, the Rotterdam consensus criteria and the Androgen Excess and PCOS Society (AE-PCOS) criteria...
May 25, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Malgorzata Pozor, Alan J Conley, Janet F Roser, Maggie Nolin, Gina L Zambrano, Scott P Runyon, Audrey A Kelleman, Margo L Macpherson
Recently, anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) was validated as a reliable marker of testicular damage caused by various chemotherapy drugs in humans and in mice. In horses, the reference values of AMH concentrations in normal stallions, during different seasons of a year, have been recently reported. However, this hormone was not evaluated in subfertile or infertile stallions with testicular damage. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the effects of experimentally induced testicular degeneration on the concentration of AMH in stallions...
May 17, 2018: Theriogenology
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