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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544860/behavioral-processes-in-long-lag-intervention-studies
#1
Dale T Miller, Jennifer E Dannals, Julian J Zlatev
We argue that psychologists who conduct experiments with long lags between the manipulation and the outcome measure should pay more attention to behavioral processes that intervene between the manipulation and the outcome measure. Neglect of such processes, we contend, stems from psychology's long tradition of short-lag lab experiments where there is little scope for intervening behavioral processes. Studying process in the lab invariably involves studying psychological processes, but in long-lag field experiments it is important to study causally relevant behavioral processes as well as psychological ones...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544331/experiences-and-views-of-married-women-about-domestic-violence
#2
Rukiye Turk, Sevilay Senol Celik, Merve Çetin, Gamze Soydan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the experiences and views of married women about the topic of domestic violence. METHODS: This research was planned as a mixed methods study with an in-depth interview and descriptive approach. The study was conducted between November 2011 and December 2012 with 24 married women living in Ankara, Turkey. Two main data-collection tools were used in the study: the "Personal Information Form" and the "In-depth Interview Questionnaire...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543428/health-workforce-characteristics-quality-of-life-and-intention-to-leave-the-fit-for-the-future-survey-of-australian-nurses-and-midwives
#3
Lin Perry, Xiaoyue Xu, Christine Duffield, Robyn Gallagher, Rachel Nicholls, David Sibbritt
AIM: To examine the quality of life of nurses and midwives in New South Wales, Australia and compare values with those of the Australian general population; to determine the influence of workforce, health and work life characteristics on quality of life and its effect on workforce intention to leave. BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined nurses' and midwives' quality of life and little is known of its effects on workforce longevity. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014-2015...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543391/medication-discrepancies-in-the-dental-record-and-impact-of-pharmacist-led-intervention
#4
Hailey J Choi, Autumn L Stewart, Chunhao Tu
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently use medications with potential implications for oral health and dental procedures, yet little is known about the accuracy of medication lists available to dentists. The aims of this study were to describe the frequency and clinical implications of medication discrepancies in the dental record (phase 1) and to evaluate the impact of pharmacist intervention on medication reconciliation processes in dental practice (phase 2). METHODS: A prospective, single-centre study evaluating adults receiving dental care was conducted...
May 20, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542927/research-review-what-do-we-know-about-psychopathic-traits-in-children
#5
Randall T Salekin
BACKGROUND: Research on the topic of child psychopathy has advanced over the past decade increasing what we know. METHOD: This qualitative review examines the research base for child psychopathy and emphasizes its three dimensions: grandiose-manipulative, callous-unemotional, and daring-impulsive. Literature is reviewed addressing the cognitive, emotional, motivational, personality, parenting, and biological correlates. RESULTS: Support has emerged for the phenotypic construct of child psychopathy, while questions remain regarding definitional issues and key external correlates (e...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542578/illness-experiences-of-diabetes-in-the-context-of-malaria-in-settings-experiencing-double-burden-of-disease-in-southeastern-tanzania
#6
Emmy Metta, Ajay Bailey, Flora Kessy, Eveline Geubbels, Hinke Haisma
BACKGROUND: Tanzania is doubly burdened with both non-communicable and infectious diseases, but information on how Tanzanians experience the co-existence of these conditions is limited. Using Kleinman's eight prompting questions the study synthesizes explanatory models from patients to describe common illness experiences of diabetes in a rural setting where malaria is the predominant health threat. METHODS: We conducted 17 focus group discussions with adult members of the general community, diabetes patients, neighbours and relatives of diabetes patients to gain insight into shared experiences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542498/transgender-inclusive-measures-of-sex-gender-for-population-surveys-mixed-methods-evaluation-and-recommendations
#7
Greta R Bauer, Jessica Braimoh, Ayden I Scheim, Christoffer Dharma
Given that an estimated 0.6% of the U.S. population is transgender (trans) and that large health disparities for this population have been documented, government and research organizations are increasingly expanding measures of sex/gender to be trans inclusive. Options suggested for trans community surveys, such as expansive check-all-that-apply gender identity lists and write-in options that offer maximum flexibility, are generally not appropriate for broad population surveys. These require limited questions and a small number of categories for analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542351/risk-factors-for-hepatitis-c-seropositivity-among-young-people-who-inject-drugs-in-new-york-city-implications-for-prevention
#8
Benjamin Eckhardt, Emily R Winkelstein, Marla A Shu, Michael R Carden, Courtney McKnight, Don C Des Jarlais, Marshall J Glesby, Kristen Marks, Brian R Edlin
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains a significant problem in the United States, with people who inject drugs (PWID) disproportionately afflicted. Over the last decade rates of heroin use have more than doubled, with young persons (18-25 years) demonstrating the largest increase. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in New York City from 2005 to 2012 among young people who injected illicit drugs, and were age 18 to 35 or had injected drugs for ≤5 years, to examine potentially modifiable factors associated with HCV among young adults who began injecting during the era of syringe services...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542012/trends-of-training-courses-conducted-in-the-human-resources-development-center-of-the-national-institute-for-quantum-and-radiological-science-and-technology-after-the-fukushima-dai-ichi-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#9
Yuko Shimizu, Haruzo Iida, Mitsuru Nenoi
Environmental contamination with radioactive materials caused by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident in 2011 raised a serious health concern among residents in Japan, and the demand for radiation experts who can handle the radiation-associated problems has increased. The Human Resources Development Center (HRDC) of the National Institute of for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology in Japan has offered a variety of training programs covering a wide range of technologies associated with radiation since 1959...
July 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541944/possibilities-of-chromium-iii-separation-from-acid-solution-using-the-double-carrier-supported-liquid-membrane-dcslm
#10
Jakub Rajewski, Paulina Rajewska
This paper describes the problem of recovery and reusing chromium from aqueous solutions. The authors studied a novel double-carrier supported liquid membrane system (DCSLM) with di(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) and bis(2,4,4-trimethyl) phosphinic acid (Cyanex272) as a carrier of Cr(III) ions as a method to separate chromium (III) from acid solutions. As a result, they confirmed that the presence of two carriers in the DCSLM with the most effective carrier concentration ratios, leads to approximately three times shorter pertraction, compared to a process conducted with the D2EHPA only...
May 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541768/sex-differences-in-the-presentation-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-community-sample-of-adolescents
#11
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The current study sought to explore sex differences in the presentation of probable full-syndrome and subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents from an Australian community sample. Specifically, it examined sex differences in the types of BDD symptoms endorsed, body areas of concern, and the association with elevated symptoms of comorbid disorders. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia. Of 3,149 adolescents assessed using self-report questionnaires, 162 (5...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541648/expert-consensus-survey-on-medication-adherence-in-psychiatric-patients-and-use-of-a-digital-medicine-system
#12
Ainslie Hatch, John P Docherty, Daniel Carpenter, Ruth Ross, Peter J Weiden
BACKGROUND: There is an unmet need to objectively assess adherence problems that are a common cause of unexplained or unexpected suboptimal outcome. A digital medicine system (DMS) has been developed to address this need in patients with serious mental illness. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a quantitative expert consensus survey to (1) assess relative importance of causes of suboptimal outcomes, (2) examine modalities used to assess adherence, (3) provide guidance on when and how to use the DMS in clinical practice once available, and (4) suggest interventions for specific reasons for nonadherence...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541236/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-symptoms-and-cognitive-skills-of-preschool-children
#13
L Thomaidis, A Choleva, M Janikian, G Bertou, A Tsitsika, G Giannakopoulos, D C Anagnostopoulos
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) constitutes a neurobehavioral disorder which may potentially adversely affect children's wellbeing and academic achievement. The onset of symptoms is present prior to 12 years of age, and often the symptoms are evident in the preschool years. In fact, it has been suggested that screening for ADHD symptoms may be initiated as early as four years of age. Preschool children with ADHD have been shown to present with poor pre-academic skills and might be at increased risk for numerous school-related problems, including functional impairment during elementary school years and persistent poor academic performance thereafter...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541088/-when-risk-communication-backfires-randomized-controlled-trial-on-self-affirmation-and-reactance-to-personalized-risk-feedback-in-high-risk-individuals-correction-to-sch%C3%A3-z-sch%C3%A3-z-and-eid-2013
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "When risk communication backfires: Randomized controlled trial on self-affirmation and reactance to personalized risk feedback in high-risk individuals" by Natalie Schüz, Benjamin Schüz and Michael Eid (Health Psychology, 2013[May], Vol 32[5], 561-570). Several errors appear in the data in the Results section. The corrected information is provided. It is noted that, in all cases, the statistical conclusions remain the same. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2013-14977-010...
June 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541068/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-body-image-and-self-care-cbt-bisc-in-sexual-minority-men-living-with-hiv-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Aaron J Blashill, Steven A Safren, Sabine Wilhelm, Jonathan Jampel, S Wade Taylor, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer
OBJECTIVE: Body image disturbance is a distressing and interfering problem among many sexual minority men living with HIV, and is associated with elevated depressive symptoms and poor HIV self-care (e.g., antiretroviral therapy [ART] nonadherence). The current study tested the preliminary efficacy of a newly created intervention: cognitive-behavioral therapy for body image and self-care (CBT-BISC) for this population. METHOD: The current study entailed a 2-arm randomized controlled trial (N = 44) comparing CBT-BISC to an enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) condition...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540609/mental-health-problems-in-austrian-adolescents-a-nationwide-two-stage-epidemiological-study-applying-dsm-5-criteria
#16
Gudrun Wagner, Michael Zeiler, Karin Waldherr, Julia Philipp, Stefanie Truttmann, Wolfgang Dür, Janet L Treasure, Andreas F K Karwautz
This is a nationwide epidemiological study using DSM-5 criteria to assess the prevalence of mental disorders in a large sample of Austrian adolescents between 10 and 18 years including hard-to-reach samples. A sample of 3615 adolescents from four cohorts (school grades 5, 7, 9, 11; age range 10-18 years) was recruited from 261 schools, samples of unemployed adolescents (n = 39) and adolescents from mental health institutions (n = 137) were added. The Youth Self-Report and SCOFF were used to screen for mental health problems...
May 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540269/species-dependent-clinical-findings-of-malaria-caused-by-various-plasmodia-in-an-endemic-area-of-kerman-province-southeastern-iran
#17
Mehdi Nateghpour, Ali Hosseininasab, Mehrdad Farrokhnia, Foroughieh Dastouri, Katayun Alidoosti, Dadkhoda Sadequi, Asadollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a big problem of public health in many tropical countries where socioeconomic development is deficient. Four species of plasmodium are capable of infecting human: P. falciparum, P. malaria, P.vivax, P. ovale. Southeastern corner of Iran, including Sistan and Baluchestan, Hormozgan and the tropical part of Kerman Province, are endemic region of malaria. This study aimed to find out clinical findings in malaria caused by various plasmodium species in moderate transmission area of southern Kerman Province...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540113/comparison-of-3-different-perioperative-care-models-for-patients-with-hip-fractures-within-1-health-service
#18
Lillian Sarah Coventry, Austin Nguyen, Amalia Karahalios, Sasha Roshan-Zamir, Phong Tran
INTRODUCTION: Orthogeriatric care models have been introduced within many health-care facilities to improve outcomes for hip fracture patients. This study aims to evaluate differences in care between 3 models, an orthopedic model, a geriatric model, and a comanaged model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for hip fracture patients treated at Western Health between November 2012 and March 2014. All patients aged 65 years or older were included in the analysis...
June 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539865/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-prevalence-among-school-teachers-of-saudi-arabia-and-its-impact-on-their-daily-life-activities
#19
Abdulrahman Mohammed Altwigry, Majed Saud Almutairi, Masood Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common upper gastrointestinal disorder encountered in the elderly patient. It is highly prevalent worldwide with a prevalence of 10-20% in the western world. The health-related quality of life (HRQL) is lower in individuals with GERD than in the general population and is comparable to that in individuals with other chronic diseases. It has a considerable impact on the quality of the patient's life through its symptoms and economically by following consultation procedures and medical care...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539856/natural-regulatory-anticoagulants-proteins-among-sudanese-patients-with-dengue-virus-infection
#20
Bashir Abdrhman Bashir, Osman Khalaf Allah Saeed
THE COAGULATION SYSTEM: Abnormalities in natural physiologic anticoagulants are observed in dengue infection. Laboratory values such as protein C (PC), protein S (PS), and antithrombin (AT) indicate this problem on the coagulation system in dengue. Recently, an interrelationship between dengue and the levels of natural anticoagulants has been observed. OBJECTIVE: The study conducted to find out the effect of dengue on the natural anticoagulant proteins. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in Port Sudan Teaching Hospital from February 2013 to June 2014 for 334 cases of dengue caused by dengue virus, 217 (65%) males and 117 (35%) were females along with 101 cases of control 64 (63...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
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