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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777517/spillover-effects-of-maternal-chronic-disease-on-children-s-quality-of-life-and-behaviors-among-low-income-families
#1
Vivian Y W Guo, Carlos K H Wong, Rosa S M Wong, Esther Y T Yu, Patrick Ip, Cindy L K Lam
BACKGROUND: Mothers with chronic diseases may have spillover effects on their children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the spillover effects of mothers with chronic disease on their children's health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and behavior. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 255 mother-child pairs (130 boys and 125 girls, mean age 8.4 years) from low-income Chinese families. We asked the mothers to self-report any doctor-diagnosed chronic diseases, and evaluate their children's HRQOL and behaviors with the Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form-50 (CHQ-PF50) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), respectively...
May 18, 2018: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777318/toward-an-emerging-role-for-motivational-interviewing-in-primary-care
#2
REVIEW
Robert Keeley, Matthew Engel, Alex Reed, David Brody, Brian L Burke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Implementing Motivational Interviewing (MI) in primary care settings has been problematic due in part to persistent gaps in knowledge. Examples include poor understanding of how to effectively train persons to conduct MI, or of which aspects of MI-related communication are associated with better outcomes for patients. This review describes how recent research findings addressing the knowledge gaps support a growing role for MI in primary care. RECENT FINDINGS: Two trials of MI training combined classroom time with ongoing coaching and feedback, resulting in enhanced MI ability relative to a control arm where PCPs received minimal or no MI training...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776817/investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-pressure-ulcers-and-patient-related-risk-factors-in-hospitals-in-the-province-of-erzurum-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mağfiret Kaşıkçı, Meyreme Aksoy, Emrah Ay
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are a significant health care problem all across the world due to their associated high mortality and morbidity rates and high health care costs. The prevalence of pressure ulcers serves as one of the most important indicators of the quality of nursing care. STUDY AIM: This study aims to determine the prevalence of pressure ulcers and patient-related risk factors in inpatients receiving treatment in the province of Erzurum, located in the eastern part of Turkey...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776750/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-a-vi-dt-typhoid-conjugate-vaccine-phase-i-trial-in-healthy-filipino-adults-and-children
#4
Maria Rosario Capeding, Samuel Teshome, Tarun Saluja, Khalid Ali Syed, Deok Ryun Kim, Ju Yeon Park, Jae Seung Yang, Yang Hee Kim, Jiwook Park, Sue-Kyoung Jo, Yun Chon, Sudeep Kothari, Seon-Young Yang, Dong Soo Ham, Ji Hwa Ryu, Hee-Seong Hwang, Ju-Hwan Mun, Julia Lynch, Jerome Kim, Hun Kim, Jean-Louis Excler, Sushant Sahastrabuddhe
BACKGROUND: Typhoid fever remains a major public health problem in low- and middle-income countries where children aged 2-14 years bear the greatest burden. Vi polysaccharide is poorly immunogenic in children <2 years of age, and protection in adults is modest. The limitations of Vi polysaccharide vaccines can be overcome by conjugation of the Vi to a carrier protein. A typhoid conjugate vaccine composed of Vi polysaccharide conjugated to diphtheria toxoid (Vi-DT) has been developed...
May 15, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776668/-fatal-cardiac-tamponade-that-developed-in-the-post-anesthesia-care-unit-a-rare-complication-after-lung-lobectomy
#5
Hyung Mook Lee, Young Jae Jeon, Hye Won Chung, Hyo Min Yun, Mi Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cardiac tamponade is potentially fatal medical condition, which rarely occurs as a complication of lung lobectomy. We present the first case of cardiac tamponade to develop in a Post-Anesthesia Care Unit following a lung lobectomy. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old man with pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma underwent an apparently uncomplicated lung lobectomy. His hemodynamics was unremarkable throughout the surgery and initially in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit...
May 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776590/batch-process-fault-detection-and-identification-based-on-discriminant-global-preserving-kernel-slow-feature-analysis
#6
Hanyuan Zhang, Xuemin Tian, Xiaogang Deng, Yuping Cao
As an attractive nonlinear dynamic data analysis tool, global preserving kernel slow feature analysis (GKSFA) has achieved great success in extracting the high nonlinearity and inherently time-varying dynamics of batch process. However, GKSFA is an unsupervised feature extraction method and lacks the ability to utilize batch process class label information, which may not offer the most effective means for dealing with batch process monitoring. To overcome this problem, we propose a novel batch process monitoring method based on the modified GKSFA, referred to as discriminant global preserving kernel slow feature analysis (DGKSFA), by closely integrating discriminant analysis and GKSFA...
May 16, 2018: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776432/a-comprehensive-postpartum-follow-up-health-care-program-for-women-with-history-of-preeclampsia-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-research
#7
Mastaneh Kamravamanesh, Shahnaz Kohan, Negin Rezavand, Ziba Farajzadegan
BACKGROUND: Long-term postpartum follow-up is of great importance since women with preeclampsia history are at high risk of upcoming health complications. However, postpartum follow-up rates are poor. According to evidences, preeclampsia is not just a transient health problem; rather it causes short term and long term complications, which affect women's life for years after delivery. Although it seems the problem is solved by the end of pregnancy, the follow-up of subjects should not be stopped after delivery...
May 18, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776047/dynamic-evolution-of-rayleigh-taylor-bubbles-from-sinusoidal-w-shaped-and-random-perturbations
#8
Zhi-Rui Zhou, You-Sheng Zhang, Bao-Lin Tian
Implicit large eddy simulations of two-dimensional Rayleigh-Taylor instability at different density ratios (i.e., Atwood number A=0.05, 0.5, and 0.9) are conducted to investigate the late-time dynamics of bubbles. To produce a flow field full of bounded, semibounded, and chaotic bubbles, three problems with distinct perturbations are simulated: (I) periodic sinusoidal perturbation, (II) isolated W-shaped perturbation, and (III) random short-wave perturbations. The evolution of height h, velocity v, and diameter D of the (dominant) bubble with time t are formulated and analyzed...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775951/retinal-blood-vessel-segmentation-using-fully-convolutional-network-with-transfer-learning
#9
Zhexin Jiang, Hao Zhang, Yi Wang, Seok-Bum Ko
Since the retinal blood vessel has been acknowledged as an indispensable element in both ophthalmological and cardiovascular disease diagnosis, the accurate segmentation of the retinal vessel tree has become the prerequisite step for automated or computer-aided diagnosis systems. In this paper, a supervised method is presented based on a pre-trained fully convolutional network through transfer learning. This proposed method has simplified the typical retinal vessel segmentation problem from full-size image segmentation to regional vessel element recognition and result merging...
April 26, 2018: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775566/the-challenge-of-discordant-serology-in-chagas-disease-the-role-of-two-confirmatory-techniques-in-inconclusive-cases
#10
Zaira Moure, Elena Sulleiro, Laura Iniesta, Carmen Guillen, Israel Molina, M Magdalena Alcover, Cristina Riera, Tomás Pumarola, Roser Fisa
Serodiscordance in Chagas disease (CD) remains a challenge since individuals with inconclusive results are clinically complicated to manage. This work, conducted outside the endemic area, aims to compare two different confirmatory techniques for the diagnosis of CD in individuals without a definitive diagnosis, to analyze the performance of the screening techniques in this group of patients, and to describe the serological follow-up of these subjects over time. Sera from 48 individuals with repeatedly discordant results by one recombinant enzyme immunoassay (r-ELISA) and one native ELISA (n-ELISA), were included in the study...
May 15, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775501/educational-interventions-for-improving-primary-caregiver-complementary-feeding-practices-for-children-aged-24-months-and-under
#11
REVIEW
Dachi Arikpo, Ededet Sewanu Edet, Moriam T Chibuzor, Friday Odey, Deborah M Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Although complementary feeding is a universal practice, the methods and manner in which it is practiced vary between cultures, individuals and socioeconomic classes. The period of complementary feeding is a critical time of transition in the life of an infant, and inappropriate complementary feeding practices, with their associated adverse health consequences, remain a significant global public health problem. Educational interventions are widely acknowledged as effective in promoting public health strategy, and those aimed at improving complementary feeding practices provide information about proper complementary feeding practices to caregivers of infants/children...
May 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774588/patient-involvement-is-essential-in-identifying-drug-related-problems
#12
Heini Kari, Hanna Kortejärvi, Marja Airaksinen, Raisa Laaksonen
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate how critical patient involvement is in pharmacist-led clinical medication reviews (CMRs) and in identifying the most significant clinical drug-related problems (DRPs). METHODS: Pharmacist-led CMRs were conducted with 161 consenting patients aged >75 years with 7+ prescribed medicines, living independently at home in Finland. A pharmacist, a nurse and a physician evaluated the clinical significance of the DRPs identified during the patient interview at an interprofessional case conference...
May 18, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773950/could-autism-be-associated-with-nutritional-status-in-the-palestinian-population-the-outcomes-of-the-palestinian-micronutrient-survey
#13
Mohammad Altamimi
Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is believed that the cause of autism is multifactorial, where genetic predispositions interact with environmental factors. In this context, micronutrients play a crucial role. Objective: To present evidence on current micronutrient status in Palestine and highlight its possible role in increasing problems of neurodevelopment disorders in general and autism in particular. Method: Analytical review of results...
2018: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773308/collaboration-between-hospital-and-community-pharmacists-to-address-drug-related-problems-the-homecome-program
#14
Hendrik T Ensing, Ellen S Koster, Dasha J Dubero, Ad A van Dooren, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: Hospital discharge poses a significant threat to the continuity of medication therapy and frequently results in drug-related problems post-discharge. Therefore, establishing continuity of care by realizing optimal collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists is of utmost importance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists on addressing drug-related problems after hospital discharge. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted between November 2013-December 2014 in a general hospital and all affiliated community pharmacies...
May 8, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772876/spatial-association-of-public-sports-facilities-with-body-mass-index-in-korea
#15
Eun Jin Han, Kiyeon Kang, So Young Sohn
Governments and also local councils create and enforce their own regional public health care plans for the problem of overweight and obesity in the population. Public sports facilities can help these plans. In this paper, we investigated the contribution of public sports facilities to the reduction of the obesity of local residents. We used the data obtained from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys; and measured the degree of obesity using body mass index (BMI). We conducted various spatial regression analyses including the global Moran's I test and local indicators of spatial autocorrelation analysis finding that there exists spatial dependence in the error term of spatial regression model for BMI...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772797/automated-geo-co-registration-of-multi-temporal-very-high-resolution-imagery
#16
Youkyung Han, Jaehong Oh
For time-series analysis using very-high-resolution (VHR) multi-temporal satellite images, both accurate georegistration to the map coordinates and subpixel-level co-registration among the images should be conducted. However, applying well-known matching methods, such as scale-invariant feature transform and speeded up robust features for VHR multi-temporal images, has limitations. First, they cannot be used for matching an optical image to heterogeneous non-optical data for georegistration. Second, they produce a local misalignment induced by differences in acquisition conditions, such as acquisition platform stability, the sensor's off-nadir angle, and relief displacement of the considered scene...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772713/genetic-optimization-algorithm-for-metabolic-engineering-revisited
#17
Tobias B Alter, Lars M Blank, Birgitta E Ebert
To date, several independent methods and algorithms exist for exploiting constraint-based stoichiometric models to find metabolic engineering strategies that optimize microbial production performance. Optimization procedures based on metaheuristics facilitate a straightforward adaption and expansion of engineering objectives, as well as fitness functions, while being particularly suited for solving problems of high complexity. With the increasing interest in multi-scale models and a need for solving advanced engineering problems, we strive to advance genetic algorithms, which stand out due to their intuitive optimization principles and the proven usefulness in this field of research...
May 16, 2018: Metabolites
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772607/mechanisms-and-drivers-of-social-inequality-in-phase-ii-cardiac-rehabilitation-attendance-a-convergent-mixed-methods-study
#18
Maria Pedersen, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingelise Andersen, Marie Baastrup, Ingrid Egerod
AIM: To explore the extent to which the qualitative and quantitative data converge and explain mechanisms and drivers of social inequality in cardiac rehabilitation attendance. BACKGROUND: Social inequality in cardiac rehabilitation attendance has been a recognized problem for many years. However, to date the mechanisms driving these inequalities are still not fully understood. DESIGN: The study was designed as a convergent mixed methods study...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772485/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-subjects-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-meta-analysis
#19
Wei Zheng, Qing-E Zhang, Dong-Bin Cai, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Ping Ning, Yu-Tao Xiang
Findings of neurocognitive dysfunction in subjects at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis (CHR-P) have been controversial. This meta-analysis systematically examined studies of neurocognitive functions using the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) in CHR-P. An independent literature search of both English and Chinese databases was conducted by two reviewers. Standardized mean difference (SMD) was calculated using a random effects model to evaluate the effect size of the meta-analytic results. Six case-control studies (n = 396) comparing neurocognitive functions between CHR-P subjects (n = 197) and healthy controls (n = 199) using the MCCB were identified; 4 (66...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771923/invasion-complexity-at-large-spatial-scales-is-an-emergent-property-of-interactions-among-landscape-characteristics-and-invader-traits
#20
Ranjan Muthukrishnan, Adam S Davis, Nicholas R Jordan, James D Forester
Invasion potential should be part of the evaluation of candidate species for any species introduction. However, estimating invasion risks remains a challenging problem, particularly in complex landscapes. Certain plant traits are generally considered to increase invasive potential and there is an understanding that landscapes influence invasions dynamics, but little research has been done to explore how those drivers of invasions interact. We evaluate the relative roles of, and potential interactions between, plant invasiveness traits and landscape characteristics on invasions with a case study using a model parameterized for the potentially invasive biomass crop, Miscanthus × giganteus...
2018: PloS One
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