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Juhyun Song, So Ra Yoon, Oh Yoen Kim
Hyperglycemia-induced stress in the brain of patients with diabetes triggers the disruption of blood-brain barrier (BBB), leading to diverse neurological diseases including stroke and dementia. Recently, the role of microRNA becomes an interest in the research for deciphering the mechanism of brain endothelial cell damage under hyperglycemia. Therefore, we investigated whether mircoRNA Let7A (miR-Let7A) controls the damage of brain endothelial (bEnd.3) cells against high glucose condition. Cell viability, cell death marker expressions (p-53, Bax, and cleaved poly ADP-ribose polymerase), the loss of tight junction proteins (ZO-1 and claudin-5), proinflammatory response (interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α), inducible nitric oxide synthase, and nitrite production were confirmed using MTT, reverse transcription-PCR, quantitative-PCR, Western blotting, immunofluorescence, and Griess reagent assay...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Hualin Yan, Fan Ma, Yi Zhang, Chuan Wang, Dajian Qiu, Kaiyu Zhou, Yimin Hua, Yifei Li
BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of molecular biology, the kind of mircoRNA (miRNA) has been introduced into emerging role both in cardiac development and pathological procedure. Thus, we conduct this meta-analysis to find out the role of circulating miRNA as a biomarker in detecting heart failure. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and World Health Organization clinical trials registry center to identify relevant studies up to August 2016...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bo Zhang, Ye Yao, Qing-Feng Sun, Si-Qi Liu, Bao Jing, Chao Yuan, Xin-Yu Liu, Tong Jiao, Hao-Cheng Li, Hai-Yang Wang
The present study was designed to investigate the role of circulating miRNA-21 (miR-21) in vascular restenosis of lower extremity arterial occlusive disease (LEAOD) patients after interventional therapy. A total of 412 LEAOD patients were enrolled randomly in the present study. According to computed tomography angiography (CTA) and ankle-brachial index (ABI), patients were assigned into the restenosis group and the non-restenosis group. miR-21 expression was detected with quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) before and after patients underwent interventional therapy...
April 30, 2017: Bioscience Reports
Weilin Liu, Jie Wu, Jia Huang, Peiyuan Zhuo, Yunjiao Lin, Lulu Wang, Ruhui Lin, Lidian Chen, Jing Tao
MircoRNAs (miRs) have been implicated in learning and memory, by regulating LIM domain kinase (LIMK1) to induce synaptic-dendritic plasticity. The study aimed to investigate whether miRNAs/LIMK1 signaling was involved in electroacupuncture- (EA-) mediated synaptic-dendritic plasticity in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion induced cognitive deficit (MICD). Compared to untreatment or non-acupoint-EA treatment, EA at DU20 and DU24 acupoints could shorten escape latency and increase the frequency of crossing platform in Morris water maze test...
2017: Neural Plasticity
Ruoting Men, Maoyao Wen, Mingyue Zhao, Xuelian Dan, Zongze Yang, Wenchao Wu, Maggie Haitian Wang, Xiaojing Liu, Li Yang
Krüppel-like Factor 4 (KLF4), a target gene of miR-145, can negatively regulate lung fibrosis. However, the potential role of KLF4 and miR-145 in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) activation or in hepatic fibrosis keeps unclear. This study aims to characterize miR-145 and KLF4 in activated HSCs and liver cirrhotic, and the underlying molecular basis. miR-145 was significantly up-regulated, while KLF4 was dramatically down-regulated during the activation of rat primary HSCs and TGF-βtreated HSCs. Furthermore, miR-145 mimics induced and inhibition of miR-145 reduced α-SMA and COL-I expression in primary HSCs...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Philipp Lutz, Mohamed M Haimid, Alessandra Pohlmann, Jennifer Lehmann, Christian Jansen, Robert Schierwagen, Sabine Klein, Christian P Strassburg, Ulrich Spengler, Jonel Trebicka
MircoRNA's (miR) have been recognised as important modulators of gene expression and potential biomarkers. However, they have been rarely investigated in bio fluids apart from blood. We investigated the association of miR-125b and miR-155 with complications of cirrhosis. Ascites was prospectively collected from patients with cirrhosis undergoing paracentesis at our department. miR's were determined in the supernatant using qPCR and normalized by SV-40. Clinical parameters were assessed at paracentesis and during follow-up...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Longfei Jia, Lei Wang, Michael Chopp, Chao Li, Yi Zhang, Alexandra Szalad, Zheng Gang Zhang
Diabetes initially induces distal axonal damage of peripheral nerves, but molecular mechanisms that mediate axonal injury are not fully understood. MircoRNAs (miRNAs) regulate axonal growth. We found that diabetic db/db mice exhibited substantial upregulation of miR-29c in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons, sciatic nerve, and foot pad tissues. Bioinformatic analysis revealed PRKCI, a gene that encodes a member of the protein kinase C (PKC) iota, as a putative target for miR-29c. Western blot analysis showed that diabetic mice exhibited a considerable reduction of PRKCI protein levels in sciatic nerve tissues and DRG neurons...
January 9, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
Shanqi Guo, Peiying Yang, Xingkang Jiang, Xiaojiang Li, Yuanyuan Wang, Xin Zhang, Binxu Sun, Yao Zhang, Yingjie Jia
Although previous studies suggested that microRNA-506-3p (miR-506-3p) was frequently downregulated, and functioned as a tumor suppressor in several cancers, the biological role and intrinsic regulatory mechanisms of miR-506-3p in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain elusive. The present study found miR-506-3p expression was downregulated in advanced NSCLC tissues and cell lines. The expression of miR-506-3p in NSCLC was inversely correlated with larger tumor size, advanced TNM stage and lymph node metastasis...
January 3, 2017: Oncotarget
Wuquan Li, Xiaochen Qiu, He Jiang, Yalong Han, Dinan Wei, Jun Liu
Acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is a progressive syndrome with a high incidence and mortality rate. Apoptosis is a very important pathological feature of ALI. Recently, more and more researches on mircoRNAs are involved in the regulation of proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells. However, the functions of microRNAs in ALI remain unknown. In this study, PCR array and qRT-PCR were used to investigate microRNA profiles and miR-181a regulates apoptosis induced by LPS. Then, we predict the potential target gene of miR-181a is BCL-2 by bioinformatics methods, and validate it using luciferase reporter gene assays...
December 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Abitha Jacob, Erik Linklater, Brian A Bayless, Traci Lyons, Rytis Prekeris
Invadopodia formation and extracellular matrix degradation are key events during cancer cell invasion, yet little is known about mechanisms mediating these processes. Here, we report that Rab40b plays a key role in mediating invadopodia function during breast cancer cell invasion. We also identify Tks5 (also known as SH3PXD2A), a known Src kinase substrate, as a new Rab40b effector protein and show that Tks5 functions as a tether that mediates Rab40b-dependent targeting of transport vesicles containing MMP2 and MMP9 to the extending invadopodia...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
Xingkang Jiang, Yue Chen, E Du, Kuo Yang, Zhihong Zhang, Shiyong Qi, Yong Xu
Although increasing evidence demonstrated that deregulation of mircoRNA-503 (miRNA-503) contributes to tumorigenesis, little is known about the biological role and intrinsic regulatory mechanisms of miR-503 in prostate cancer (PCa). In present study, we found that miR-503 was significantly downregulated in advanced PCa tissues and cell lines. Downregulation of miR-503 was strongly associated with aggressive clinical-pathological features and poor prognosis in PCa patients. Ectopic expression of miR-503 significantly inhibited tumor cells growth, cell migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo...
September 2016: Cellular Signalling
Hao Shi, Jian Chen, Yuncheng Li, Guojun Li, Rong Zhong, Dandan Du, Ruiwei Meng, Weijia Kong, Meixia Lu
The 5-year survival rate of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) was only 40%-50%. To investigate the prognostic and predictive value of specific mircoRNAs (miRNAs) in HNSCC. We identified 19 miRNAs associated with over survival (OS) of patients with HNSCC in different clinical classes between 492 HNSCC tissues and 44 normal tissues from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset. A signature of six miRNAs was identified by the supervised principal component method in the training set. The AUC of the ROC curve for the six microRNA signature predicting 5-year survival was 0...
April 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Rui Yang, Liang Yi, Zhen Dong, Qing Ouyang, Ji Zhou, Yi Pang, Yanan Wu, Lunshan Xu, Hongjuan Cui
Tigecycline is a broad-spectrum, first-in-class glycylcycline antibiotic currently used to treat complicated skin infections and community-acquired pneumonia. However, there is accumulating evidence showing that tigecycline has anticancer properties. In this study, we found tigecycline could inhibit cell proliferation by inducing cell-cycle arrest, but not apoptosis in glioma. To find the underlying mechanism of how tigecycline inhibits cell proliferation, the expression of miRNAs, which were related to regulating cell-cycle progression, was detected with miRNA assay...
March 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Ling Lin, Baochun Lu, Jianhua Yu, Wenguang Liu, Aijin Zhou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are known as potential noninvasive biomarkers for cancers. Overexpression of mircoRNA-224 (miR-224) has been reported in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), so the aim of this study was to determine the value of serum miR-224 in diagnosis of HCC at early stage. METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-five subjects including early-stage HCC, liver cirrhosis (LC), chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and healthy controls (HC) were enrolled in two cohorts...
September 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
Lihua Yang, Jie Yang, Jingqiu Li, Xingkai Shen, Yanping Le, Chengwei Zhou, Shaomin Wang, Shun Zhang, Dazhi Xu, Zhaohui Gong
Understanding the molecular mechanism by which epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT)-mediated cancer metastasis and how microRNA (miRNA) regulates lung cancer progression via Twist1-activated EMT may provide potential therapeutic targets for cancer therapy. Here we found that miR-33a, an intronic miRNA located within the sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2 (SREBP-2) gene, is expressed at low levels in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and is inversely correlated with Twist1 expression...
September 2, 2015: Scientific Reports
Q Ji, Q Jiang, W Yan, X Li, Y Zhang, P Meng, M Shao, L Chen, H Zhu, N Tian
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate microRNA expression in ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and compare their diagnostic values. METHODS: We assessed 77 STEMI and 21 NSTEMI patients admitted to the Department of Cardiology in Nanjing First Hospital from October 2013 to August 2014, and 23 healthy volunteers were selected at the same time. Serum miR-133a, miR-133b and miR-499-5p were measured by using quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and the concentration of serum cTnI was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods...
October 2015: Minerva Cardioangiologica
Axel Freischmidt, Kathrin Müller, Lisa Zondler, Patrick Weydt, Benjamin Mayer, Christine A F von Arnim, Annemarie Hübers, Johannes Dorst, Markus Otto, Karlheinz Holzmann, Albert C Ludolph, Karin M Danzer, Jochen H Weishaupt
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression and specific mircoRNA "fingerprints" are thought to contribute to and/or reflect certain disease conditions. Recently, we identified surprisingly homogeneous signatures of circulating miRNAs in the serum of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients, which were already present in presymptomatic carriers of ALS gene mutations. Here, we characterize circulating miRNAs in the serum of sporadic ALS patients. We show that, in contrast to familial ALS, miRNA signatures of sporadic ALS are highly heterogeneous suggesting a number of different etiologies...
September 2015: Neurobiology of Aging
X Fan, Z Mao, D He, C Liao, X Jiang, N Lei, B Hu, X Wang, Z Li, Y Lin, X Gou, Y Zhu, H Wang
INTRODUCTION: Long-acting somatostatin analogs (SSAs) are most widely used to treat growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenoma. However, approximately 30 % of treated patients show resistance to SSAs, which may be associated with the reduction of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SSTR2) mRNA and protein expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study used immunohistochemistry to detect the expression of SSTR2 and SSTR5 in twenty human GH-secreting adenoma samples treated with SSAs and seven normal pituitary samples...
October 2015: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Kaladhar B Reddy
In recent years, there has been a tremendous and growing interest among researchers to investigate the role of mircoRNA (miRNA) in normal cellular as well as in disease processes. miRNAs are a family of small non-coding RNAs which were reported to regulate the expression of various oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. The expression profiling of miRNAs has already entered into cancer clinics as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers to assess tumor initiation, progression and response to treatment in cancer patients...
2015: Cancer Cell International
Johannes A Veit, Kathrin Scheckenbach, Patrick J Schuler, Simon Laban, Paul Severin Wiggenhauser, Severin P Wiggenhauser, Julia Thierauf, Jens P Klussmann, Thomas K Hoffmann
BACKGROUND/AIM: Head and neck adenoid cystic carcinoma (HNACC) is a rare malignancy of the salivary glands with a tendency to metastasize in lung or liver without lymph node involvement, whereas squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) preferentially metastasizes to locoregional lymph nodes. The expression patterns of microRNA, a class of small non-coding RNA transcripts, involved in gene regulation and various developmental processes, could be of influence during the metastatic process. The aim of the present study was to compare mircoRNA expression patterns of HNACC and HNSCC...
March 2015: Anticancer Research
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