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Diabetes audit

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224275/the-english-national-screening-programme-for-diabetic-retinopathy-2003-2016
#1
Peter H Scanlon
The aim of the English NHS Diabetic Eye Screening Programme is to reduce the risk of sight loss amongst people with diabetes by the prompt identification and effective treatment if necessary of sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy, at the appropriate stage during the disease process. In order to achieve the delivery of evidence-based, population-based screening programmes, it was recognised that certain key components were required. It is necessary to identify the eligible population in order to deliver the programme to the maximum number of people with diabetes...
February 22, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222036/vascular-risk-factors-are-associated-with-retinal-arteriolar-narrowing-and-venular-widening-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#2
Stuart Keel, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Konstandina Koklanis, Meri Vukicevic, Fergus Cameron, Laima Brazionis
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe the relationship of retinal arteriolar and venular calibre with vascular risk factors in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In this hospital-based cross-sectional study, the medical files of 483 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes were audited to collect retinal images and relevant clinical data. Retinal vascular calibre was measured using standardised protocols. RESULTS: After multivariable adjustments, a vascular risk profile that included: older age, higher serum creatinine, higher systolic blood pressure (SBP), higher body mass index (BMI), abnormal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), lower high-density lipoproteins (HDL) cholesterol, longer duration of diabetes and higher serum sodium was associated with narrower central retinal artery equivalent (CRAE) (95% CI=-4...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208043/the-australasian-diabetes-data-network-first-national-audit-of-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#3
Helen Phelan, Helen Clapin, Loren Bruns, Fergus J Cameron, Andrew M Cotterill, Jennifer J Couper, Elizabeth A Davis, Kim C Donaghue, Craig A Jefferies, Bruce R King, Richard O Sinnott, Elaine B Tham, Jerry K Wales, Timothy W Jones, Maria E Craig
OBJECTIVES: To assess glycaemic control, anthropometry and insulin regimens in a national sample of Australian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of de-identified, prospectively collected data from the Australasian Diabetes Data Network (ADDN) registry. SETTING: Five paediatric diabetes centres in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Children and adolescents (aged 18 years or under) with type 1 diabetes of at least 12 months' duration for whom data were added to the ADDN registry during 2015...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208041/auditing-and-standardising-care-for-young-people-with-diabetes-beginning-a-process-to-improve-outcomes
#4
Mark A Sperling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207722/screening-for-diabetes-in-pregnancy-in-a-regional-area-with-a-high-m%C3%A4-ori-population
#5
Barbara Daly, Isabel Raiman, Jennifer Goodson
AIMS: To identify and document factors associated with screening for diabetes in pregnancy in a regional area with a high Māori population in New Zealand. METHODS: An audit was undertaken of routine hospital data collected from all 656 women who gave birth, between June and December in 2013 and 2014, in two Mid-North Island hospitals in the Bay of Plenty region. RESULTS: Of the 656 woman who gave birth during these periods, only 416 (63%) were screened for diabetes in pregnancy, including 390 (60%) for gestational diabetes mellitus later in pregnancy...
February 17, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144991/hypercholesterolaemia-screening-in-type-1-diabetes-a-difference-of-opinion
#6
T Candler, O Mahmoud, J Edge, J Hamilton Shield
AIM: To assess cholesterol screening of children with Type 1 diabetes by diabetes professionals using a survey of current practice, given that National Institute of Health and Care Excellence guidelines on childhood Type 1 diabetes do not recommend cholesterol screening, yet the National Paediatric Diabetes Audit has an annual cholesterol measure (>12 years) as a key outcome indicator. METHODS: An online survey was sent to 280 members of the Association of Children's Diabetes Clinicians to assess cholesterol screening practice in children...
February 1, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116957/prevention-and-treatment-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#7
Jonathan Zhang Ming Lim, Natasha Su Lynn Ng, Cecil Thomas
The rising prevalence of diabetes estimated at 3.6 million people in the UK represents a major public health and socioeconomic burden to our National Health Service. Diabetes and its associated complications are of a growing concern. Diabetes-related foot complications have been identified as the single most common cause of morbidity among diabetic patients. The complicating factor of underlying peripheral vascular disease renders the majority of diabetic foot ulcers asymptomatic until latter evidence of non-healing ulcers become evident...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097737/epidemiological-data-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-children-in-uzbekistan-1998-2014
#8
Gulnara N Rakhimova, Nasiba U Alimova, Alexsandr Ryaboshtan, Boris Waldman, Graham D Ogle, Said I Ismailov
AIMS: We aimed to determine the incidence, prevalence and mortality of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in Uzbekistan in children <15 years old. METHODS: In a prospective study from 1998 to 2014 the primary ascertainment of incidence, prevalence and mortality, and cause of death was via data collected by endocrinology dispensaries in Uzbekistan's 14 administrative divisions. A second data collection for 2008-2010 from a national audit in 2011 was used to determine age structure...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093900/who-is-responsible-for-metabolic-screening-for-mental-health-clients-taking-antipsychotic-medications
#9
Tamara Ward, Dianne Wynaden, Karen Heslop
Metabolic syndrome is common in mental health consumer populations, and is linked to cardiovascular disease, stroke and diabetes. Metabolic screening is a way of recognising consumers who are at risk of developing metabolic syndrome but internationally screening rates remain low. A retrospective audit was completed at one Australian public mental health service on the case files of 100 randomly selected consumers to determine nurses level of compliance with metabolic screening policies over a 12 month period...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081061/vital-signs-decrease-in-incidence-of-diabetes-related-end-stage-renal-disease-among-american-indians-alaska-natives-united-states-1996-2013
#10
Ann Bullock, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Andrew S Narva, Karen Sheff, Israel Hora, Akaki Lekiachvili, Hannah Cain, David Espey
BACKGROUND: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) have the highest diabetes prevalence among any racial/ethnic group in the United States. Among AI/AN, diabetes accounts for 69% of new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), defined as kidney failure treated with dialysis or transplantation. During 1982-1996, diabetes-related ESRD (ESRD-D) in AI/AN increased substantially and disproportionately compared with other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Data from the U...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057024/behavior-change-interventions-and-policies-influencing-primary-healthcare-professionals-practice-an-overview-of-reviews
#11
REVIEW
Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Maya Jeyaraman, Amrinder Singh Mann, Justin Lys, Becky Skidmore, Kathryn M Sibley, Ahmed Abou-Setta, Ryan Zarychanksi
BACKGROUND: There is a plethora of interventions and policies aimed at changing practice habits of primary healthcare professionals, but it is unclear which are the most appropriate, sustainable, and effective. We aimed to evaluate the evidence on behavior change interventions and policies directed at healthcare professionals working in primary healthcare centers. METHODS: Study design: overview of reviews. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), The Cochrane Library (Wiley), CINAHL (EbscoHost), and grey literature (January 2005 to July 2015)...
January 5, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035496/the-role-of-current-and-historical-alcohol-use-in-hepatic-fibrosis-among-hiv-infected-individuals
#12
H Nina Kim, Heidi M Crane, Carla V Rodriguez, Stephen Van Rompaey, Kenneth H Mayer, Katerina Christopoulos, Sonia Napravnik, Geetanjali Chander, Heidi Hutton, Mary E McCaul, Edward R Cachay, Michael J Mugavero, Richard Moore, Elvin Geng, Joseph J Eron, Michael S Saag, Joseph O Merrill, Mari M Kitahata
We examined risk factors for advanced hepatic fibrosis [fibrosis-4 (FIB)-4 >3.25] including both current alcohol use and a diagnosis of alcohol use disorder among HIV-infected patients. Of the 12,849 patients in our study, 2133 (17%) reported current hazardous drinking by AUDIT-C, 2321 (18%) had a diagnosis of alcohol use disorder, 2376 (18%) were co-infected with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV); 596 (5%) had high FIB-4 scores >3.25 as did 364 (15%) of HIV/HCV coinfected patients. In multivariable analysis, HCV (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 6...
December 29, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030547/practice-doesn-t-always-make-perfect-a-qualitative-study-explaining-why-a-trial-of-an-educational-toolkit-did-not-improve-quality-of-care
#13
Janet A Parsons, Catherine H Y Yu, Natalie A Baker, Muhammad M Mamdani, Onil Bhattacharyya, Merrick Zwarenstein, Baiju R Shah
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a chronic disease commonly managed by family physicians, with the most prevalent complication being cardiovascular disease (CVD). Clinical practice guidelines have been developed to support clinicians in the care of diabetic patients. We conducted a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a printed educational toolkit aimed at improving CVD management in diabetes in primary care, and found no effect, and indeed, the possibility of some harm. We conducted a qualitative evaluation to study the strategy for guideline implementation employed in this trial, and to understand its effects...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030426/meta-analysis-of-genome-wide-association-studies-on-the-intolerance-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors
#14
Seyed H Mahmoudpour, Abirami Veluchamy, Moneeza K Siddiqui, Folkert W Asselbergs, Patrick C Souverein, Catherine E de Keyser, Albert Hofman, Chim C Lang, Alexander S F Doney, Bruno H Stricker, Anthonius de Boer, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, Colin N A Palmer
OBJECTIVES: To identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with switching from an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitor to an angiotensin receptor blocker. METHODS: Two cohorts of patients starting ACE-inhibitors were identified within the Rotterdam Study in the Netherlands and the Genetics of Diabetes Audit and Research in Tayside Scotland study in Scotland. Cases were intolerant patients who switched from an ACE-inhibitor to an angiotensin receptor blocker and controls were individuals who used ACE-inhibitors continuously for at least 2 years and did not switch...
March 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027410/diagnosing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#15
Sjurdur F Olsen, Azedeh Houshmand-Oeregaard, Charlotta Granström, Jens Langhoff-Roos, Peter Damm, Bodil H Bech, Allan A Vaag, Cuilin Zhang
INTRODUCTION: The Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) contains comprehensive information on diet, lifestyle, constitutional and other major characteristics of women during pregnancy. It provides a unique source for studies on health consequences of gestational diabetes mellitus. Our aim was to identify and validate the gestational diabetes mellitus cases in the cohort. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We extracted clinical information from hospital records for 1609 pregnancies included in the Danish National Birth Cohort with a diagnosis of diabetes during or before pregnancy registered in the Danish National Patient Register and/or from a Danish National Birth Cohort interview during pregnancy...
December 27, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927116/the-nurse-s-role-in-childhood-diabetes
#16
Daniel Allen
Essential facts The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has published a quality standard on diabetes in children and young people. NICE quality standards describe high-priority areas for improvement and consist of specific, measurable statements designed to achieve better care. Diabetes is becoming more common in the UK. The latest National Paediatric Diabetes Audit says the number of children and young people cared for in children's diabetes units is rising by 4% per year. In 2014-15, the prevalence in England and Wales of type 1 diabetes in those aged 15 and under was 192 per 100,000 of the general population, with slightly more males affected than females...
December 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921154/peripheral-stent-thrombosis-leading-to-acute-limb-ischemia-and-major-amputation-incidence-and-risk-factors-in-the-aortoiliac-and-femoropopliteal-arteries
#17
Konstantinos Katsanos, Said A M Al-Lamki, Aneeta Parthipun, Stavros Spiliopoulos, Sanjay Dhanji Patel, Ioannis Paraskevopoulos, Hany Zayed, Athanasios Diamantopoulos
PURPOSE: To report the real-world incidence and risk factors of stent thrombosis in the aortoiliac and femoropopliteal arteries in case of bare nitinol stent (BNS) or covered nitinol stent (CNS) placement from a single-centre retrospective audit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients treated with peripheral stent placement for claudication or critical limb ischemia were audited for definite stent thrombosis defined as imaging confirmed stent thrombosis that presented as acute limb-threatening ischemia...
March 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903042/prevalence-and-management-of-diabetes-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-in-north-east-victoria-australia
#18
Helen M Haines, Holly Bannon-Murphy, Tim Amos, Robert Krones
BACKGROUND: Managing diabetes in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) presents challenges to general practitioners (GPs) as the incidence of the disease increases. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe the prevalence and management of diabetes in RACFs in north-east Victoria. METHODS: The method used for this study was a cross-sectional audit of medical files. RESULTS: Ten RACFs were invited and agreed to participate, giving a sample of 593 residents...
December 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893563/resistance-training-improves-muscle-function-and-cardiometabolic-risks-but-not-quality-of-life-in-older-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Ping-Lun Hsieh, Chin-Hsiao Tseng, Yufeng Jane Tseng, Wei-Shiung Yang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In older people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the effects of aging and T2DM may compromise the function of skeletal muscle, deteriorate metabolic status, and jeopardize physical performance, aerobic capacity, and quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of resistance training (RT) on muscle function, physical performance, cardiometabolic risks, and QoL in older people with T2DM. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial that employed block randomization, assessor blinding, and the intention-to-treat principle...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866164/relationship-between-anemia-and-mortality-outcomes-in-a-national-acute-coronary-syndrome-cohort-insights-from-the-uk-myocardial-ischemia-national-audit-project-registry
#20
Mamas A Mamas, Chun Shing Kwok, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Anthony A Fryer, Iain Buchan, Max O Bachmann, M Justin Zaman, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: We aim to determine the prevalence of anemia in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients and compare their clinical characteristics, management, and clinical outcomes to those without anemia in an unselected national ACS cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Myocardial Ischemia National Audit Project (MINAP) registry collects data on all adults admitted to hospital trusts in England and Wales with diagnosis of an ACS. We conducted a retrospective cohort study by analyzing patients in this registry between January 2006 and December 2010 and followed them up until August 2011...
November 19, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
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