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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481256/childhood-attachment-to-pets-associations-between-pet-attachment-attitudes-to-animals-compassion-and-humane-behaviour
#1
Roxanne D Hawkins, Joanne M Williams, Scottish Society For The Prevention Of Cruelty To Animals Scottish Spca
Attachment to pets has an important role in children's social, emotional, and cognitive development, mental health, well-being, and quality of life. This study examined associations between childhood attachment to pets and caring and friendship behaviour, compassion, and attitudes towards animals. This study also examined socio-demographic differences, particularly pet ownership and pet type. A self-report survey of over one thousand 7 to 12 year-olds in Scotland, UK, revealed that the majority of children are strongly attached to their pets, but attachment scores differ depending on pet type and child gender...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407279/orangutan-trade-confiscations-and-lack-of-prosecutions-in-indonesia
#2
Vincent Nijman
Prosecuting and sentencing law breakers punishes the offender and acts as a deterrent for future law breakers. With thousands of Sumatran and Bornean orangutans (Pongo abelii and P. pygmaeus) having entered private and government rescue centers and facilities, I evaluate the role of successful prosecution in orangutan conservation in Indonesia. Orangutans have been protected in Indonesian since 1931 and they are not allowed to be traded or to be kept as pets. In the period 1993-2016 at least 440 orangutans were formally confiscated, and many more were "donated" to law enforcement agencies...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368662/assessing-effectiveness-of-a-nonhuman-animal-welfare-education-program-for-primary-school-children
#3
Roxanne D Hawkins, Joanne M Williams
Nonhuman animal welfare education aims to promote positive relationships between children and animals and thus improve animal welfare, yet few scientific evaluations of these programs exist. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an education program developed by the Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) that included 4 interventions focusing on pets (companion animals), wild animals, farm animals, and general animal rescues. Knowledge, attachment to pets, and attitudes and beliefs about animal minds were assessed at pretest, posttest, and delayed posttest using a questionnaire administered to 1,217 Scottish children aged 7 to 13 years old...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346050/perception-of-canine-welfare-concerns-among-veterinary-students-practitioners-and-behavior-specialists-in-spain
#4
Isabel Luño, Jorge Palacio, Sylvia García-Belenguer, Ángela González-Martínez, Belén Rosado
Veterinarians are well placed to supervise and ensure canine welfare. However, the perception of animal welfare among veterinarians may vary depending on the level of training and professional practice, including the specialization in animal behavior and welfare. The aim of this study was to survey the perception of canine welfare among veterinarians, including students, practitioners, and behavior specialists. A scale-based questionnaire including 12 issues affecting canine welfare was adapted from Yeates and Main and distributed to first-year (n=50) and fifth-year veterinary students (n=50), as well as veterinary practitioners (n=260) and specialists in behavioral medicine (n=50)...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255034/it-is-time-to-take-animal-cruelty-out-of-the-too-difficult-box
#5
Adele Waters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235912/charity-campaigns-for-tougher-sentences-for-animal-cruelty
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218670/religion-and-animal-welfare-an-islamic-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Sira Abdul Rahman
Islam is a comprehensive religion guiding the lives of its followers through sets of rules governing the personal, social, and public aspects through the verses of the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths, the compilation of the traditions of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh), the two main documents that serve as guidelines. Islam is explicit with regard to using animals for human purposes and there is a rich tradition of the Prophet Mohammad's (pbuh) concern for animals to be found in the Hadith and Sunna. Islam has also laid down rules for humane slaughter...
February 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078976/beyond-purity
#8
Roger Giner-Sorolla, Hanah A Chapman
Previous studies support a link between moral disgust and impurity, whereas anger is linked to harm. We challenged these strict correspondences by showing that disgust is activated in response to information about moral character, even for harm violations. By contrast, anger is activated in response to information about actions, including their moral wrongness and consequences. Study 1 examined disgust and anger in response to an action that suggests bad moral character (animal cruelty) versus an action that is seen as inherently more wrong (domestic abuse)...
January 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827879/owners-perceptions-of-their-animal-s-behavioural-response-to-the-loss-of-an-animal-companion
#9
Jessica K Walker, Natalie K Waran, Clive J C Phillips
The loss of a companion animal is recognised as being associated with experiences of grief by the owner, but it is unclear how other animals in the household may be affected by such a loss. Our aim was to investigate companion animals' behavioural responses to the loss of a companion through owner-report. A questionnaire was distributed via, and advertised within, publications produced by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) across Australia and New Zealand, and through a selection of veterinary clinics within New Zealand...
November 3, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827535/safewalk-improving-enrichment-and-adoption-rates-for-shelter-dogs-by-changing-human-behavior
#10
Terri M Bright, Louise Hadden
Shelter dogs are typically cared for by staff and volunteers. At the Boston location of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, prior to 2009, any member of the public who was older than 16 years of age and attended 1 orientation could walk dogs available for adoption. There was no systematic method of training volunteers or staff to walk unruly, strong, or fearful dogs, nor was there any organized system of enrichment in the form of in-kennel or out-of-kennel training for the population of 20 to 40 dogs in the shelter...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649249/the-rescue-and-rehabilitation-of-koalas-phascolarctos-cinereus-in-southeast-queensland
#11
Emily Burton, Andrew Tribe
Koala populations in southeast Queensland are under threat from many factors, particularly habitat loss, dog attack, vehicle trauma and disease. Animals not killed from these impacts are often rescued and taken into care for rehabilitation, and eventual release back to the wild if deemed to be healthy. This study investigated current rescue, rehabilitation and release data for koalas admitted to the four major wildlife hospitals in southeast Queensland (Australia Zoo Wildlife Hospital (AZWH), Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary Hospital (CWH), Moggill Koala Hospital (MKH) and the Royal Society for the Prevention Against Cruelty to Animals Wildlife Hospital at Wacol (RSPCA)), and suggests aspects of the practice that may be changed to improve its contribution to the preservation of the species...
September 15, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616733/animal-serial-killing-the-first-criminal-conviction-for-animal-cruelty-in-brazil
#12
Fernanda Auciello Salvagni, Adriana de Siqueira, Andre Rinaldi Fukushima, Marina Frota de Albuquerque Landi, Heidi Ponge-Ferreira, Paulo Cesar Maiorka
Animal cruelty is a known behavior of psychopaths, and although the serial killing of humans is widely acknowledged worldwide, this type of crime against animals is seldom discussed. This report describes the necropsy and toxicological findings of 37 dogs and cats, which were found dead in plastic bags in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The animals had all been in the care of an alleged animal rescuer and were to be referred for adoption before being found dead. In the necropsy, the animals showed varying degrees of putrefaction, indicating different periods of death, as well as single or multiple perforations on the thorax...
October 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593212/juvenile-animal-cruelty-and-firesetting-behaviour
#13
Michael T Baglivio, Kevin T Wolff, Matt DeLisi, Michael G Vaughn, Alex R Piquero
BACKGROUND: There is a view that young people presenting with an animal cruelty and firesetting combination represent a uniquely risky group, but prior work has relied on samples with insufficient power. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the prevalence of the co-occurrence of animal cruelty and firesetting behaviour among young delinquents? What other features correlate with this? METHODS: We measured the prevalence of animal cruelty and firesetting among 292,649 juvenile offenders and used rare events logistic regression to examine demographic, criminal, mental health and family histories as correlates...
September 4, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27480760/forensic-entomology-in-animal-cruelty-cases
#14
A Brundage, J H Byrd
Forensic entomology can be useful to the veterinary professional in cases of animal cruelty. A main application of forensic entomology is to determine the minimum postmortem interval by estimating the time of insect colonization, based on knowledge of the rate of development of pioneer colonizers and on insect species succession during decomposition of animal remains. Since insect development is temperature dependent, these estimates require documentation of the environmental conditions, including ambient temperature...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312366/veterinary-forensics-firearms-and-investigation-of-projectile-injury
#15
N Bradley-Siemens, A I Brower
Projectile injury represents an estimated 14% of reported animal cruelty cases in the United States. Cases involving projectiles are complicated by gross similarities to other common types of injury, including bite wounds and motor vehicle injuries, by weapons and ammunition not commonly recognized or understood by veterinary medical professionals, and by required expertise beyond that employed in routine postmortem examination. This review describes the common types of projectile injuries encountered within the United States, as well as firearms and ammunition associated with this form of injury...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185534/demystifying-the-courtroom-everything-the-veterinary-pathologist-needs-to-know-about-testifying-in-an-animal-cruelty-case
#16
Reese Frederickson
When veterinary pathologists testify as expert witnesses in animal cruelty trials, they may find themselves in an intimidating and unfamiliar environment. The legal rules are clouded in mystery, the lawyers dwell on mundane details, and the witness's words are extracted with precision by a verbal scalpel. An unprepared expert witness can feel ungrounded and stripped of confidence. The goal of this article is to lift the veil of mystery and give the veterinary pathologist the tools to be a knowledgeable and confident expert witness before and during testimony...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166144/does-witnessing-animal-cruelty-and-being-abused-during-childhood-predict-the-initial-age-and-recurrence-of-committing-childhood-animal-cruelty
#17
John A Browne, Christopher Hensley, Karen M McGuffee
The goal of the current study was to examine the association between demographic characteristics and childhood experiences on the respondents' age of committing childhood animal cruelty and its recurrency. Using data collected from 257 male inmates at a Southern medium-security state prison, the current study seeks to replicate a study by Hensley, Tallichet, and Dutkiewicz. Results revealed that those respondents who were physically abused as children reported engaging in recurrent animal cruelty. The younger the age of respondent for first witnessing animal cruelty, the sooner his initiation to hurting and killing animals occurred...
May 10, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156990/childhood-animal-cruelty-bestiality-and-the-link-to-adult-interpersonal-violence
#18
Brian J Holoyda, William J Newman
Animal cruelty has been a concern of the legal and psychiatric communities for many years. Beginning in the early 1800s, state legislatures in the United States established laws to protect the basic safety and security of animals in their jurisdictions. Legislatures have differed in opinion on the animals to receive protection under the law and have instituted differing penalties for infractions of anti-cruelty measures. In the 1960s, the psychiatric community took notice of childhood animal cruelty as a potential risk factor for violent acts against humans...
July 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153097/changing-human-animal-relationships-in-sport-an-analysis-of-the-uk-and-australian-horse-racing-whips-debates
#19
Raewyn Graham, Phil McManus
Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety, correction and encouragement, and that it does not cause the horse any pain. For those who oppose its use, it is an instrument of cruelty. Media framing is employed to unpack the discourses played out in print and social media in the UK (2011) and Australia (2009) during key periods of the whip debate following the introduction of new whip rules...
2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090769/veterinary-forensic-toxicology
#20
S M Gwaltney-Brant
Veterinary pathologists working in diagnostic laboratories are sometimes presented with cases involving animal poisonings that become the object of criminal or civil litigation. Forensic veterinary toxicology cases can include cases involving animal cruelty (malicious poisoning), regulatory issues (eg, contamination of the food supply), insurance litigation, or poisoning of wildlife. An understanding of the appropriate approach to these types of cases, including proper sample collection, handling, and transport, is essential so that chain of custody rules are followed and proper samples are obtained for toxicological analysis...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
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