keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Animal cruelty

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827879/owners-perceptions-of-their-animal-s-behavioural-response-to-the-loss-of-an-animal-companion
#1
Jessica K Walker, Natalie K Waran, Clive J C Phillips
The loss of a companion animal is recognised as being associated with experiences of grief by the owner, but it is unclear how other animals in the household may be affected by such a loss. Our aim was to investigate companion animals' behavioural responses to the loss of a companion through owner-report. A questionnaire was distributed via, and advertised within, publications produced by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) across Australia and New Zealand, and through a selection of veterinary clinics within New Zealand...
November 3, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827535/safewalk-improving-enrichment-and-adoption-rates-for-shelter-dogs-by-changing-human-behavior
#2
Terri M Bright, Louise Hadden
Shelter dogs are typically cared for by staff and volunteers. At the Boston location of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, prior to 2009, any member of the public who was older than 16 years of age and attended 1 orientation could walk dogs available for adoption. There was no systematic method of training volunteers or staff to walk unruly, strong, or fearful dogs, nor was there any organized system of enrichment in the form of in-kennel or out-of-kennel training for the population of 20 to 40 dogs in the shelter...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649249/the-rescue-and-rehabilitation-of-koalas-phascolarctos-cinereus-in-southeast-queensland
#3
Emily Burton, Andrew Tribe
Koala populations in southeast Queensland are under threat from many factors, particularly habitat loss, dog attack, vehicle trauma and disease. Animals not killed from these impacts are often rescued and taken into care for rehabilitation, and eventual release back to the wild if deemed to be healthy. This study investigated current rescue, rehabilitation and release data for koalas admitted to the four major wildlife hospitals in southeast Queensland (Australia Zoo Wildlife Hospital (AZWH), Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary Hospital (CWH), Moggill Koala Hospital (MKH) and the Royal Society for the Prevention Against Cruelty to Animals Wildlife Hospital at Wacol (RSPCA)), and suggests aspects of the practice that may be changed to improve its contribution to the preservation of the species...
2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616733/animal-serial-killing-the-first-criminal-conviction-for-animal-cruelty-in-brazil
#4
Fernanda Auciello Salvagni, Adriana de Siqueira, Andre Rinaldi Fukushima, Marina Frota de Albuquerque Landi, Heidi Ponge-Ferreira, Paulo Cesar Maiorka
Animal cruelty is a known behavior of psychopaths, and although the serial killing of humans is widely acknowledged worldwide, this type of crime against animals is seldom discussed. This report describes the necropsy and toxicological findings of 37 dogs and cats, which were found dead in plastic bags in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The animals had all been in the care of an alleged animal rescuer and were to be referred for adoption before being found dead. In the necropsy, the animals showed varying degrees of putrefaction, indicating different periods of death, as well as single or multiple perforations on the thorax...
October 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593212/juvenile-animal-cruelty-and-firesetting-behaviour
#5
Michael T Baglivio, Kevin T Wolff, Matt DeLisi, Michael G Vaughn, Alex R Piquero
BACKGROUND: There is a view that young people presenting with an animal cruelty and firesetting combination represent a uniquely risky group, but prior work has relied on samples with insufficient power. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the prevalence of the co-occurrence of animal cruelty and firesetting behaviour among young delinquents? What other features correlate with this? METHODS: We measured the prevalence of animal cruelty and firesetting among 292,649 juvenile offenders and used rare events logistic regression to examine demographic, criminal, mental health and family histories as correlates...
September 4, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27480760/forensic-entomology-in-animal-cruelty-cases
#6
A Brundage, J H Byrd
Forensic entomology can be useful to the veterinary professional in cases of animal cruelty. A main application of forensic entomology is to determine the minimum postmortem interval by estimating the time of insect colonization, based on knowledge of the rate of development of pioneer colonizers and on insect species succession during decomposition of animal remains. Since insect development is temperature dependent, these estimates require documentation of the environmental conditions, including ambient temperature...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312366/veterinary-forensics-firearms-and-investigation-of-projectile-injury
#7
N Bradley-Siemens, A I Brower
Projectile injury represents an estimated 14% of reported animal cruelty cases in the United States. Cases involving projectiles are complicated by gross similarities to other common types of injury, including bite wounds and motor vehicle injuries, by weapons and ammunition not commonly recognized or understood by veterinary medical professionals, and by required expertise beyond that employed in routine postmortem examination. This review describes the common types of projectile injuries encountered within the United States, as well as firearms and ammunition associated with this form of injury...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185534/demystifying-the-courtroom-everything-the-veterinary-pathologist-needs-to-know-about-testifying-in-an-animal-cruelty-case
#8
Reese Frederickson
When veterinary pathologists testify as expert witnesses in animal cruelty trials, they may find themselves in an intimidating and unfamiliar environment. The legal rules are clouded in mystery, the lawyers dwell on mundane details, and the witness's words are extracted with precision by a verbal scalpel. An unprepared expert witness can feel ungrounded and stripped of confidence. The goal of this article is to lift the veil of mystery and give the veterinary pathologist the tools to be a knowledgeable and confident expert witness before and during testimony...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166144/does-witnessing-animal-cruelty-and-being-abused-during-childhood-predict-the-initial-age-and-recurrence-of-committing-childhood-animal-cruelty
#9
John A Browne, Christopher Hensley, Karen M McGuffee
The goal of the current study was to examine the association between demographic characteristics and childhood experiences on the respondents' age of committing childhood animal cruelty and its recurrency. Using data collected from 257 male inmates at a Southern medium-security state prison, the current study seeks to replicate a study by Hensley, Tallichet, and Dutkiewicz. Results revealed that those respondents who were physically abused as children reported engaging in recurrent animal cruelty. The younger the age of respondent for first witnessing animal cruelty, the sooner his initiation to hurting and killing animals occurred...
May 10, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156990/childhood-animal-cruelty-bestiality-and-the-link-to-adult-interpersonal-violence
#10
Brian J Holoyda, William J Newman
Animal cruelty has been a concern of the legal and psychiatric communities for many years. Beginning in the early 1800s, state legislatures in the United States established laws to protect the basic safety and security of animals in their jurisdictions. Legislatures have differed in opinion on the animals to receive protection under the law and have instituted differing penalties for infractions of anti-cruelty measures. In the 1960s, the psychiatric community took notice of childhood animal cruelty as a potential risk factor for violent acts against humans...
July 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153097/changing-human-animal-relationships-in-sport-an-analysis-of-the-uk-and-australian-horse-racing-whips-debates
#11
Raewyn Graham, Phil McManus
Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety, correction and encouragement, and that it does not cause the horse any pain. For those who oppose its use, it is an instrument of cruelty. Media framing is employed to unpack the discourses played out in print and social media in the UK (2011) and Australia (2009) during key periods of the whip debate following the introduction of new whip rules...
2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090769/veterinary-forensic-toxicology
#12
S M Gwaltney-Brant
Veterinary pathologists working in diagnostic laboratories are sometimes presented with cases involving animal poisonings that become the object of criminal or civil litigation. Forensic veterinary toxicology cases can include cases involving animal cruelty (malicious poisoning), regulatory issues (eg, contamination of the food supply), insurance litigation, or poisoning of wildlife. An understanding of the appropriate approach to these types of cases, including proper sample collection, handling, and transport, is essential so that chain of custody rules are followed and proper samples are obtained for toxicological analysis...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018829/a-three-tier-qsar-modeling-strategy-for-estimating-eye-irritation-potential-of-diverse-chemicals-in-rabbit-for-regulatory-purposes
#13
Nikita Basant, Shikha Gupta, Kunwar P Singh
Experimental determination of the eye irritation potential (EIP) of chemicals is not only tedious, time and resource intensive, it involves cruelty to test animals. In this study, we have established a three-tier QSAR modeling strategy for estimating the EIP of chemicals for the use of pharmaceutical industry and regulatory agencies. Accordingly, a qualitative (binary classification: irritating, non-irritating), semi-quantitative (four-category classification), and quantitative (regression) QSAR models employing the SDT, DTF, and DTB methods were developed for predicting the EIP of chemicals in accordance with the OECD guidelines...
June 2016: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26999223/numbers-and-characteristics-of-cats-admitted-to-royal-society-for-the-prevention-of-cruelty-to-animals-rspca-shelters-in-australia-and-reasons-for-surrender
#14
Corinne Alberthsen, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Pauleen Bennett, Mandy Paterson, Dianne Vankan
Despite high numbers of cats admitted to animal shelters annually, there is surprisingly little information available about the characteristics of these cats. In this study, we examined 195,387 admissions to 33 Australian RSPCA shelters and six friends of the RSPCA groups from July 2006 to June 2010. The aims of this study were to describe the numbers and characteristics of cats entering Australian RSPCA shelters, and to describe reasons for cat surrender. Data collected included shelter, state, admission source, age, gender, date of arrival, color, breed, reproductive status (sterilized or not prior to admission), feral status and surrender reason (if applicable)...
2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940403/tougher-penalties-for-animal-cruelty-in-northern-ireland
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936222/animal-abuse-and-interpersonal-violence-the-cruelty-connection-and-its-implications-for-veterinary-pathology
#16
R Lockwood, P Arkow
The role of the veterinary forensic pathologist in the investigation of animal abuse or neglect can go beyond documenting the condition of animals presented as evidence. Although animal cruelty is a moral concern and a crime in itself, law enforcement response to such crimes is often enhanced by the recognition that crimes against animals can be both indicators of other ongoing crimes against people and predictors of the potential for interpersonal violence. An understanding of common motives underlying animal cruelty can aid the pathologist in asking appropriate questions...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917869/an-adolescent-with-bestiality-behaviour-psychological-evaluation-and-community-health-concerns
#17
Sujata Satapathy, Rajanikanta Swain, Vidhi Pandey, Chittaranjan Behera
Bestiality is a serious but less commonly reported form of animal cruelty occurring in a society. It is a punishable sexual offence in India. Bestiality has received little attention in recent psychiatric literature, and even though case reports have been published, an elaborate psychological assessment is often missing. This case report of 18 year old male presented here highlighted the importance of psychological assessment to emphasize on its implications for the further risk assessment of the person, family psycho-education and non-pharmacological intervention for bestialists...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848764/is-tickling-torture-assessing-welfare-towards-slow-lorises-nycticebus-spp-within-web-2-0-videos
#18
K Anne I Nekaris, Louisa Musing, Asier Gil Vazquez, Giuseppe Donati
Videos, memes and images of pet slow lorises have become increasingly popular on the Internet. Although some video sites allow viewers to tag material as 'animal cruelty', no site has yet acknowledged the presence of cruelty in slow loris videos. We examined 100 online videos to assess whether they violated the 'five freedoms' of animal welfare and whether presence or absence of these conditions contributed to the number of thumbs up and views received by the videos. We found that all 100 videos showed at least 1 condition known as negative for lorises, indicating absence of the necessary freedom; 4% showed only 1 condition, but in nearly one third (31...
2015: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26792845/polioencephalomalacia-and-heart-failure-secondary-to-presumptive-thiamine-deficiency-hepatic-lipidosis-and-starvation-in-2-abandoned-siamese-cats
#19
H Anholt, C Himsworth, A Britton
Two 4-year-old spayed female Siamese cats were seized by the British Columbia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals after confinement to an abandoned housing unit without food for 9 weeks. One cat was found dead, and the second was euthanized within 24 hours due to neurologic deterioration despite therapy. Polioencephalomalacia of the caudal colliculus, hepatic lipidosis, cachexia, and congestive heart failure with cardiomyocyte atrophy were identified in both cats through postmortem examination and attributed to a prolonged period of starvation...
July 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779962/patterns-of-oviposition-and-development-of-chrysomya-megacephala-fabricius-diptera-calliphoridae-and-chrysomya-rufifacies-macquart-diptera-calliphoridae-on-burned-rabbit-carcasses
#20
N A Mahat, N L Zainol-Abidin, N H Nordin, R Abdul-Wahab, P T Jayaprakash
Considering that crimes against animals such as illegal killing and cruelty have been alarmingly increasing and since burning is one of the common ways for disposing cadavers, ability to estimate minimum postmortem interval (PMI) using entomological data merits consideration. Chrysomya megacephala and Chrysomya rufifacies are common necrophagous species recovered from cadavers in many countries including Malaysia. Specific studies focusing on the oviposition and developmental patterns of both species on cadavers manifesting different levels of burn as described by the Crow-Glassman Scale (CGS) remain scarce...
March 2016: Forensic Science International
keyword
keyword
5031
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"