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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763850/laparoscopic-surgery-for-a-bochdalek-hernia-triggered-by-pregnancy-in-an-adult-woman-a-case-report
#1
Shotaro Matsudera, Masanobu Nakajima, Masakazu Takahashi, Hiroto Muroi, Maiko Kikuchi, Yosuke Shida, Keisuke Ihara, Satoru Yamaguchi, Kinro Sasaki, Takashi Tsuchioka, Hiroyuki Kato
INTRODUCTION: A Bochdalek hernia (BH) is a type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. We herein describe an adult woman with a BH triggered by pregnancy and treated by laparoscopic surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 26-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of abdominal pain and dyspnea resulting from a left diaphragmatic hernia. She was diagnosed with a BH and underwent laparoscopic surgery. Her postoperative progress was satisfactory, and no recurrence was found at follow-up approximately 1 year later...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760355/interventions-integrating-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-a-systematic-review
#2
Kimiyo Kikuchi, Rakesh Ayer, Sumiyo Okawa, Mariko Nishikitani, Fumihiko Yokota, Masamine Jimba, Naoki Nakashima
Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) care services could be critical entry points for preventing non-communicable diseases in women and children. In high-income countries, non-communicable diseases screening has been integrated into both the medical and public health systems. To integrate these services in low- and middle-income countries, it is necessary to closely examine its effectiveness and feasibility. In this systematic review, we evaluated the effectiveness of integrating gestational and non-gestational non-communicable diseases interventions and RMNCH care among women and children in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730065/establishment-of-the-optimal-follow-up-schedule-after-radical-prostatectomy
#3
Kazuhiro Matsumoto, Naoya Niwa, Seiya Hattori, Toshikazu Takeda, Shinya Morita, Takeo Kosaka, Ryuichi Mizuno, Toshiaki Shinojima, Eiji Kikuchi, Hiroshi Asanuma, Mototsugu Oya
PURPOSE: Monitoring the serum level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) is indispensable for surveillance after radical therapy, and the aim of this study was to establish the optimal follow-up schedule. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathological data of 1,010 consecutive patients who underwent radical prostatectomy. After excluding patients who received neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy and those without a nadir PSA level<0.2ng/ml, the remaining 779 patients were enrolled...
May 2, 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715155/acquired-egfr-t790m-mutation-after-relapse-following-egfr-tki-therapy-a-population-based-multi-institutional-study
#4
MULTICENTER STUDY
Takayuki Kaburagi, Moriyuki Kiyoshima, Takeshi Nawa, Hideo Ichimura, Takefumi Saito, Kenji Hayashihara, Hideyasu Yamada, Hiroaki Satoh, Takeo Endo, Yoshihisa Inage, Kazuhito Saito, Masaharu Inagaki, Nobuyuki Hizawa, Yukio Sato, Hiroichi Ishikawa, Mitsuaki Sakai, Koichi Kamiyama, Norihiro Kikuchi, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Kinya Furukawa, Takahide Kodama, Takaaki Yamashita, Akihiro Nomura, Susumu Yoshida
AIM: To describe the prevalence and determinants of acquired epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M gene mutation in a clinical practice setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review study between January 2013 and November 2017 across multiple institutes, covering a population of 3 million people. RESULTS: We reviewed the charts of 233 patients non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutations. Of them, 99 (42...
May 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700084/reactive-oxygen-species-in-metabolic-and-inflammatory-signaling
#5
REVIEW
Steven J Forrester, Daniel S Kikuchi, Marina S Hernandes, Qian Xu, Kathy K Griendling
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are well known for their role in mediating both physiological and pathophysiological signal transduction. Enzymes and subcellular compartments that typically produce ROS are associated with metabolic regulation, and diseases associated with metabolic dysfunction may be influenced by changes in redox balance. In this review, we summarize the current literature surrounding ROS and their role in metabolic and inflammatory regulation, focusing on ROS signal transduction and its relationship to disease progression...
March 16, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688530/prognostic-impact-of-incisional-or-excisional-biopsy-of-cervical-lymph-node-metastases-of-solid-tumors
#6
Shogo Shinohara, Shinji Takebayashi, Masahiro Kikuchi, Tetsuhiko Michida, Kazuki Hayashi, Ryosuke Yamamoto, Koji Saida, Keisuke Mizuno, Keizo Fujiwara, Yasushi Naito
Objectives: In performing an open biopsy of a neck mass, an incisional biopsy may increase the risk of cancer cell seeding and dissemination that, ultimately, worsens a patient's survival. The aim of this study was to compare the impact of incisional and excisional biopsies of cervical lymph node metastases of solid tumors on patients' survival. Methods: A retrospective review was made of patients with cervical metastases of solid tumors who underwent an open biopsy for a diagnosis between 2005 and 2015...
April 21, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678472/prognostic-value-of-baseline-serum-c-reactive-protein-level-in-intermediate-risk-group-patients-with-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-treated-by-first-line-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-targeted-therapy
#7
Kimiharu Takamatsu, Ryuichi Mizuno, Minami Omura, Shinya Morita, Kazuhiro Matsumoto, Kazunobu Shinoda, Takeo Kosaka, Toshikazu Takeda, Toshiaki Shinojima, Eiji Kikuchi, Hiroshi Asanuma, Masafumi Oyama, Shuji Mikami, Mototsugu Oya
BACKGROUND: Almost half of patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma (mRCC) are classified as intermediate risk by the International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium (IMDC) model. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether baseline C-reactive protein (CRP) levels predict overall survival (OS) in intermediate-risk group mRCC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 107 intermediate-risk group mRCC patients receiving first-line targeted therapy were retrospectively reviewed...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644346/detoxifying-symbiosis-microbe-mediated-detoxification-of-phytotoxins-and-pesticides-in-insects
#8
REVIEW
Hideomi Itoh, Kanako Tago, Masahito Hayatsu, Yoshitomo Kikuchi
Covering: up to 2018Insects live in a world full of toxic compounds such as plant toxins and manmade pesticides. To overcome the effects of these toxins, herbivorous insects have evolved diverse, elaborate mechanisms of resistance, such as toxin avoidance, target-site alteration, and detoxification. These resistance mechanisms are thought to be encoded by the insects' own genomes, and in many cases, this holds true. However, recent omics analyses, in conjunction with classic culture-dependent analyses, have revealed that a number of insects possess specific gut microorganisms, some of which significantly contribute to resistance against phytotoxins and pesticides by degrading such chemical compounds...
April 12, 2018: Natural Product Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594833/palatal-polymorphous-adenocarcinoma-with-high-grade-transformation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Kentaro Kikuchi, Toshitaka Nagao, Fumio Ide, Shota Takizawa, Hideaki Sakashita, Ichiro Tsujino, Tie-Jun Li, Kaoru Kusama
Polymorphous adenocarcinoma (PAC) is the second most common intraoral malignant neoplasm of the minor salivary glands. However, it is very rare for PAC to show high-grade transformation (HGT) and to our knowledge, the English literature only seven reported cases. HGT tends to be observed when PAC recurs, and it is extremely rare to be seen at initial presentation. Here we report a 43-year-old Japanese male patient with PAC of the right palate showing HGT at initial presentation. Histopathologically, the tumor was characterized by a prominent solid and papillary-cystic growth pattern, with nuclear atypia and necrosis in area of HGT...
March 29, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553111/-sensitization-pattern-for-inhaled-and-food-allergens-in-japanese-recurrent-wheezers-under-60-months-of-age
#10
Mari Saito, Yutaka Kikuchi, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Wakamichi Shimamura
BACKGROUND: Allergen sensitization differs according to countries and regions. Understanding the characteristics of allergen sensitization in one's own country is useful for the treatment of patients with allergic diseases. Recently, Japanese cedar pollen (JCP) sensitization is increasing in young Japanese children. Therefore, we evaluated allergen sensitization patterns in under 60-month-old Japanese recurrent wheezers using multiple allergen tests. METHODS: Allergen tests for 204 Japanese recurrent wheezers between April 2010 and April 2016 were reviewed...
2018: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530465/does-switching-the-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-strain-affect-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-recurrent-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-after-initial-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-therapy
#11
Naoya Niwa, Eiji Kikuchi, Kazuhiro Matsumoto, Takeo Kosaka, Ryuichi Mizuno, Mototsugu Oya
PURPOSE: It is still unknown whether switching the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) strain at the second induction course of BCG therapy has a therapeutic benefit in patients with tumor recurrence after the initial BCG therapy (BCG-relapsing tumor). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathological features of 97 patients treated with a second induction course of BCG therapy between 1986 and 2014. Among the patients initially treated with BCG Tokyo-172, the second course was either BCG Tokyo-172 in 56 (57...
March 9, 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518551/association-between-activated-partial-thromboplastin-time-and-the-amount-of-infused-heparin-at-bone-marrow-transplantation
#12
Machiko Kusuda, Shun-Ichi Kimura, Yukiko Misaki, Kazuki Yoshimura, Ayumi Gomyo, Jin Hayakawa, Masaharu Tamaki, Yu Akahoshi, Tomotaka Ugai, Kazuaki Kameda, Hidenori Wada, Yuko Ishihara, Koji Kawamura, Kana Sakamoto, Miki Sato, Kiriko Terasako-Saito, Misato Kikuchi, Hideki Nakasone, Shinichi Kako, Aki Tanihara, Yoshinobu Kanda
The actual heparin concentration of harvested allogeneic bone marrow varies among harvest centers. We monitor the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) of the patient during bone marrow infusion and administer prophylactic protamine according to the APTT. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of consecutive patients who underwent bone marrow transplantation without bone marrow processing at our center between April 2007 and March 2016 (n = 94). APTT was monitored during marrow transfusion in 52 patients...
March 27, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405981/environmental-metabolomics-with-data-science-for-investigating-ecosystem-homeostasis
#13
REVIEW
Jun Kikuchi, Kengo Ito, Yasuhiro Date
A natural ecosystem can be viewed as the interconnections between complex metabolic reactions and environments. Humans, a part of these ecosystems, and their activities strongly affect the environments. To account for human effects within ecosystems, understanding what benefits humans receive by facilitating the maintenance of environmental homeostasis is important. This review describes recent applications of several NMR approaches to the evaluation of environmental homeostasis by metabolic profiling and data science...
February 2018: Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404820/sarcopenia-and-comorbidity-in-gastric-cancer-surgery-as-a-useful-combined-factor-to-predict-eventual-death-from-other-causes
#14
Kazuya Kuwada, Shinji Kuroda, Satoru Kikuchi, Ryuichi Yoshida, Masahiko Nishizaki, Shunsuke Kagawa, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is recognized as an important prognostic factor in various types of cancer, including gastric cancer. While long-term survival analyses typically focus on overall and disease-specific survival, death from other causes has received far less attention. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 491 gastric cancer patients who underwent gastrectomy from January 2005 to March 2014 and whose preoperative computed tomography (CT) images were available for evaluation of sarcopenia...
May 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329330/obesity-and-abnormal-glucose-tolerance-in-offspring-of-diabetic-mothers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Maki Kawasaki, Naoko Arata, Celine Miyazaki, Rintaro Mori, Toru Kikuchi, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: Rising prevalence of childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an emerging public health issue. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of maternal hyperglycemia exposure during pregnancy with obesity and abnormal glucose tolerance in offspring, and the age at occurrence. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for observational studies on obesity and diabetes in offspring of diabetic mothers (gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and T2DM), and those on non-diabetic mothers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310344/polymyositis-with-elevated-serum-igg4-levels-and-abundant-igg4-plasma-cell-infiltration-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Ryusuke Anan, Mitsuhiro Akiyama, Yuko Kaneko, Jun Kikuchi, Kazuko Suzuki, Shiro Matsubara, Tsutomu Takeuchi
INTRODUCTION: Polymyositis (PM) is a type of autoimmune, inflammatory myopathy. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized disease entity characterized by elevated serum IgG4 levels and IgG4 plasma-cell infiltration of various organs. However, several reports have described cases of other diseases that present with those features, suggesting the importance of careful differential diagnosis. Herein, we report the first case of PM with elevated serum IgG4 levels and IgG4 plasma cells in the muscles, mimicking IgG4-RD...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228187/extracellular-nucleic-acids-of-the-marine-bacterium-rhodovulum-sulfidophilum-and-recombinant-rna-production-technology-using-bacteria
#17
Yo Kikuchi, So Umekage
Extracellular nucleic acids of high molecular weight are detected ubiquitously in seawater. Recent studies have indicated that these nucleic acids are, at least in part, derived from active production by some bacteria. The marine bacterium Rhodovulum sulfidophilum is one of those bacteria. Rhodovulumsulfidophilum is a non-sulfur phototrophic marine bacterium that is known to form structured communities of cells called flocs, and to produce extracellular nucleic acids in culture media. Recently, it has been revealed that this bacterium produces gene transfer agent-like particles and that this particle production may be related to the extracellular nucleic acid production mechanism...
February 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220607/case-of-cone-dystrophy-with-normal-fundus-appearance-associated-with-biallelic-poc1b-variants
#18
Azusa Kominami, Shinji Ueno, Taro Kominami, Ayami Nakanishi, Yasuki Ito, Kaoru Fujinami, Kazushige Tsunoda, Takaaki Hayashi, Sachiko Kikuchi, Shuhei Kameya, Takeshi Iwata, Hiroko Terasaki
BACKGROUND: Biallelic variants of POC1B were recently reported to cause autosomal recessive non-syndromic cone dystrophy. However, the number of studies supporting this is limited, and the clinical phenotypes of cone dystrophy have not been definitively determined. The purpose of this study was to report the phenotype of a case of POC1B-associated cone dystrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical chart of one case diagnosed with cone dystrophy was reviewed. RESULTS: The patient was a 20-year-old Japanese man whose chief complaint was a progressive decrease in his central vision...
April 2018: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220371/the-impact-of-different-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-treatment-regimens-on-reducing-burden-for-caregivers-and-patients-with-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-a-single-center-real-world-japanese-setting
#19
Tsukasa Hanemoto, Yusuke Hikichi, Norimasa Kikuchi, Tadahiko Kozawa
OBJECTIVE: To describe the burden associated with different anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment strategies for wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) in a real-word setting in Japan. METHODS: Single-center, cross-sectional survey of caregivers of patients with wAMD performed in a hospital in Mito-City, a rural area in Japan. Caregiver burden was evaluated using the Burden Index of Caregivers (BIC-11), and depressive symptoms were assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196910/radiopharmaceutical-tracers-for-cardiac-imaging
#20
Osamu Manabe, Tatsuya Kikuchi, Arthur J H A Scholte, Mohammed El Mahdiui, Ryuichi Nishii, Ming-Rong Zhang, Eriko Suzuki, Keiichiro Yoshinaga
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and disease burden worldwide. Nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging with either single-photon emission computed tomography or positron emission tomography has been used extensively to perform diagnosis, monitor therapies, and predict cardiovascular events. Several radiopharmaceutical tracers have recently been developed to evaluate CVD by targeting myocardial perfusion, metabolism, innervation, and inflammation. This article reviews old and newer used in nuclear cardiac imaging...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
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