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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631944/clinical-significance-of-repeat-blood-cultures-during-febrile-neutropenia-in-adult-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-patients-undergoing-intensive-chemotherapy
#1
Shun-Ichi Kimura, Ayumi Gomyo, Jin Hayakawa, Masaharu Tamaki, Yu Akahoshi, Naonori Harada, Tomotaka Ugai, Machiko Kusuda, Kazuaki Kameda, Hidenori Wada, Yuko Ishihara, Koji Kawamura, Kana Sakamoto, Miki Sato, Kiriko Terasako-Saito, Misato Kikuchi, Hideki Nakasone, Shinichi Kako, Aki Tanihara, Yoshinobu Kanda
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the clinical significance of repeat blood cultures in persistent and recurrent fever during neutropenia in adult acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the chemotherapy cycles at our centre between January 2007 and December 2015. Blood cultures obtained within three days after initial febrile neutropenia (FN) were defined as initial blood cultures and those obtained on or after day 4 were defined as repeat blood cultures...
June 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610187/-i-cladotanytarsus-i-kieffer-diptera-chironomidae-several-distinctive-species-reviewed-on-the-basis-of-records-from-canada-and-usa
#2
Mateusz Puchalski, Wojciech Giłka
Two species of the genus Cladotanytarsus Kieffer, 1921 are described as adult males, both peculiar in having distinctively elongated hypopygial anal points. The male of Cladotanytarsus bilyji Giłka et Puchalski, sp. nov. (Canada, Manitoba; USA, Ohio) is presumed to be a close relative of C. nigrovittatus (Goetghebuer, 1922). Another unknown Cladotanytarsus species (USA, Illinois and Louisiana) keys with the European C. donmcbeani Langton et McBean, 2010. The intraspecific variability of the male C. acornutus Jacobsen et Bilyj, 2007 is also presented on the basis of new records (Canada, Ontario; USA, South Carolina)...
March 10, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596463/-prosopometamorphopsia
#3
Raita Kikuchi, Shun Akaike
Facial perception relies on both configural processing and analytical processing. Seventeen years ago, Haxby and colleagues proposed an influential neural model in which a core system and an extended system were involved in facial processing. Herein, first analyze configural processing on the basis of the Haxby model. We review previous findings from published electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies, and describe previously reported clinical cases, and finally we discuss our own clinical cases an findings...
June 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590877/genome-evolution-of-plant-parasitic-nematodes
#4
Taisei Kikuchi, Sebastian Eves-van den Akker, John T Jones
Plant parasitism has evolved independently on at least four separate occasions in the phylum Nematoda. The application of next-generation sequencing (NGS) to plant-parasitic nematodes has allowed a wide range of genome- or transcriptome-level comparisons, and these have identified genome adaptations that enable parasitism of plants. Current genome data suggest that horizontal gene transfer, gene family expansions, evolution of new genes that mediate interactions with the host, and parasitism-specific gene regulation are important adaptations that allow nematodes to parasitize plants...
June 7, 2017: Annual Review of Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551504/diffraction-contrast-dependence-on-sample-thickness-and-incident-energy-in-on-axis-transmission-kikuchi-diffraction-in-sem
#5
E Brodu, E Bouzy, J-J Fundenberger
Automated orientation mapping in SEM, until now relying on EBSD solely, is currently being improved with the development of the TKD technique. As part of the development of TKD, we introduce a new, TEM-like geometric configuration, with a detector "on-axis" relative to the electron beam, while the detector was "off-axis" in its first form. This new technique produces a wide range of diffraction contrast (spots, lines, bands), varying with sample thickness, incident energy, atomic number and scattering angle...
April 29, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549768/myasthenia-gravis-after-allogeneic-bone-marrow-transplantation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Yutaka Tsutsumi, Takashi Kamiishi, Ryo Kikuchi, Shinichi Ito, Satomi Matsuoka, Takanori Teshima
A 52-year-old man with acute myeloid leukemia underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and developed extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease and myasthenia gravis (MG), which became involved with oculobulbar and proximal upper and lower limb weakness in 677days. In the literature, we identified 24 cases where MG developed after allo-SCT. Graft-versus-host disease development and male recipients of female donors might be prone to the development of posttransplant MG (odds ratio, 3.75)...
May 18, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539561/predictors-of-mortality-rehospitalization-for-syncope-and-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-syncope
#7
Tatsuya Onuki, Makoto Shoji, Yuya Nakamura, Ko Ogawa, Akinori Ochi, Koichiro Inokuchi, Shiro Kawasaki, Yoshimi Onishi, Yoshimasa Onuma, Yumi Munetsugu, Miwa Kikuchi, Hiroyuki Ito, Yoshino Minoura, Norikazu Watanabe, Taro Adachi, Mitsuharu Kawamura, Taku Asano, Kaoru Tanno, Youichi Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Predictors of poor outcomes remain unknown for cardiovascular syncope patients after discharge.Methods and Results:We reviewed the medical records of consecutive patients admitted to hospital with cardiovascular syncope. We then performed Cox stepwise logistic regression analysis to identify significant independent factors for death, rehospitalization for syncope, and cardiovascular events. The study group was 206 patients with cardiovascular syncope. Of them, bradycardia was diagnosed in 50%, tachycardia in 27%, and structural disease in 23%...
May 25, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539553/identification-of-cancer-stem-cell-antigens-and-development-of-ctl-mediated-cancer-immunotherapy
#8
Sho Miyamoto, Takayuki Kanaseki, Yoshihiko Hirohashi, Tomohide Tsukahara, Yasuhiro Kikuchi, Noriyuki Sato, Toshihiko Torigoe
  Cancer-stem cells (or cancer-stem like cells, CSC) play an indispensable role in tumor initiation or tumor development in vivo. However, CSCs are resistant to conventional therapies including chemo/radiotherapy and a certain molecularly-targeted therapy, thereby are responsible for tumor relapse or metastasis in clinical settings. In this review, we focus on cytotoxic T-cell mediated immune responses against CSCs and discuss a challenge of targeting CSCs as well as the development of CSC-based cancer immunotherapy, which is an emerging and promising strategy toward a complete cure of quite a few types of cancers...
2017: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539529/membrane-trafficking-illuminates-a-path-to-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Takafumi Hasegawa, Naoto Sugeno, Akio Kikuchi, Toru Baba, Masashi Aoki
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by progressive movement disability and a variety of non-motor symptoms. The neuropathology of PD consists of the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain and the appearance of neuronal inclusions called Lewy bodies, which contain insoluble α-synuclein, a relatively small protein originally identified in association with synaptic vesicles in the presynaptic nerve terminals. Drugs that replenish dopamine can partly alleviate the motor symptoms, but they do not cure the disease itself...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514532/the-dickkopf1-ckap4-axis-creates-a-novel-signaling-pathway-and-may-represent-a-molecular-target-for-cancer-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Akira Kikuchi, Katsumi Fumoto, Hirokazu Kimura
Dickkopf 1 (DKK1) is a secretory protein and antagonizes oncogenic Wnt signaling by binding to the Wnt co-receptor low-density lipoprotein receptor-related proteins 6 (LRP6). DKK1 is also suggested to regulate its own signaling to associate with tumor aggressiveness. However, the underlying mechanism by which DKK1 promotes cancer cell proliferation has remained to be clarified for a long time. It has been recently found that cytoskeleton-associated protein 4 (CKAP4), which was originally reported as an endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein, acts as a novel DKK1 receptor...
May 17, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469876/ammonium-acid-urate-urolithiasis-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Mina Fukai, Tetsu Hirosawa, Hideo Nakatani, Tomoko Muramatsu, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Yoshio Minabe
Ammonium acid urate urolithiasis is a quite rare condition. Our literature review of ammonium acid urate urolithiasis suggests that ammonium acid urate urolithiasis should be regarded as a general medical complication related to anorexia nervosa, and purging by laxative abuse might be a crucially important risk.
May 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453808/long-term-pulmonary-function-after-surgery-for-lung-cancer
#12
Naohiro Kobayashi, Keisuke Kobayashi, Shinji Kikuchi, Yukinobu Goto, Hideo Ichimura, Katsuyuki Endo, Yukio Sato
OBJECTIVES: Many patients with lung cancer have been cured by surgical intervention. However, the long-term effects of lung resection on pulmonary function are unclear. Therefore, we investigated long-term pulmonary function after surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent surgery for lung cancer between 2001 and 2009. A total of 445 patients who had survived more than 5 years since the surgery were included. The patients were divided into lobectomy, segmentectomy and partial resection groups...
May 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453639/perioperative-morbidity-and-mortality-of-octogenarians-treated-by-radical-cystectomy-a-multi-institutional-retrospective-study-in-japan
#13
Takashige Abe, Norikata Takada, Hiroshi Kikuchi, Ryuji Matsumoto, Takahiro Osawa, Sachiyo Murai, Naoto Miyajima, Satoru Maruyama, Nobuo Shinohara
Objective: To determine the characteristics of 90-day morbidity and mortality after radical cystectomy in Japanese octogenarians. Methods: A retrospective multi-institutional study. We reviewed the records of 834 patients treated by open radical cystectomy between 1997 and 2010. All complications within 90 days after surgery were sorted into the 11 categories proposed by the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and graded according to the modified Clavien-Dindo system...
April 27, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374057/early-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-necrosis-based-on-perfusion-ct-to-predict-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#14
Yoshihisa Tsuji, Naoki Takahashi, Hiroyoshi Isoda, Koji Koizumi, Sho Koyasu, Miho Sekimoto, Yuichi Imanaka, Shujiro Yazumi, Masanori Asada, Yoshihiro Nishikawa, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Osamu Kikuchi, Tsukasa Yoshida, Tetsuro Inokuma, Shinji Katsushima, Naoki Esaka, Akihiro Okano, Chiharu Kawanami, Nobuyuki Kakiuchi, Masahiro Shiokawa, Yuzo Kodama, Ichiro Moriyama, Takafumi Kajitani, Yoshikazu Kinoshita, Tsutomu Chiba
BACKGROUND: Perfusion CT can diagnose pancreatic necrosis in early stage of severe acute pancreatitis, accurately. However, no study to date has examined whether early diagnosis of pancreatic necrosis is useful in predicting persistent organ failure (POF). METHODS: We performed a multi-center prospective observational cohort study to investigate whether perfusion CT can predict the development of POF in the early stage of AP, based on early diagnosis of the development of pancreatic necrosis (PN)...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346642/nasal-oral-and-pharyngolaryngeal-manifestations-of-pemphigus-vulgaris-endoscopic-ororhinolaryngologic-examination
#15
Masafumi Ohki, Shigeru Kikuchi
Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune blistering disorder that involves the skin and mucous membranes. Few reports have described nasal and oropharyngolaryngeal lesions in pemphigus vulgaris using an endoscopic ororhinolaryngologic examination. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 11 patients with pemphigus vulgaris between 2001 and 2013 with respect to their symptoms, lesion sites, lesion features, and treatments received. All patients had undergone an endoscopic ororhinolaryngologic examination...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329064/perioperative-outcomes-of-off-pump-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-with-bilateral-internal-thoracic-arteries-under-direct-vision%C3%A2
#16
Keita Kikuchi, Xufa Chen, Makoto Mori, Atsushi Kurata, Liang Tao
OBJECTIVES: We previously introduced techniques to harvest and use the right internal thoracic artery in minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) via a single left thoracotomy for revascularization with bilateral internal thoracic arteries (BITA). We report our short-term outcomes of patients who underwent minimally invasive CABG using BITA and a single internal thoracic artery (SITA). METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent minimally invasive CABG using BITA or SITA at a Japanese medical center between February 2012 and December 2015 were reviewed retrospectively...
May 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317587/prolonged-pneumoperitoneum-time-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-intravesical-recurrence-after-laparoscopic-radical-nephroureterectomy-in-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#17
Keisuke Shigeta, Eiji Kikuchi, Masayuki Hagiwara, Toshiyuki Ando, Ryuichi Mizuno, Akira Miyajima, Ken Nakagawa, Mototsugu Oya
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of pneumoperitoneum time on intravesical recurrence (IVR) in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) patients who underwent laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy (LRNU). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 129 UTUC patients who underwent LRNU at our three institutions from 2004 to 2014. We evaluated the association of IVR rate and patient clinico-pathological characteristics including operation time. By retrospectively reviewing all videotapes, we defined pneumoperitoneum time as being from the infusion of pressurized CO2 gas with a pressure of 10-12 mmHg to extirpation of the kidney...
March 2017: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279633/kikuchi-fujimoto-disease-a-rare-cause-of-lymphadenopathy-in-africa-description-of-the-first-case-in-senegal-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
C-A Lame, B Loum, A-K Fall, J Cucherousset, A-R Ndiaye
INTRODUCTION: Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, or histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a benign disease most commonly affecting adult females. It generally presents in the form of febrile cervical lymphadenopathy. This diagnosis must be considered in the setting of tropical medicine, dominated by a high prevalence of tuberculous lymphadenitis and haematological malignancies. CASE REPORT: The authors report the case of a 33-year-old Senegalese woman who presented with subacute cervical lymphadenopathy associated with fever and laboratory signs of inflammation...
March 6, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216371/atp-binding-cassette-transporters-in-tumor-endothelial-cells-and-resistance-to-metronomic-chemotherapy
#19
Kyoko Hida, Hiroshi Kikuchi, Nako Maishi, Yasuhiro Hida
Drug resistance is a major problem in anticancer therapy. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters have a role in the multidrug resistance. A new regimen of chemotherapy has been proposed, called "metronomic chemotherapy". Metronomic chemotherapy is the frequent, regular administration of drug doses designed to maintain low, but active, concentrations of chemotherapeutic drugs over prolonged periods of time, without causing serious toxicities. Metronomic chemotherapy regimens were developed to optimize the antitumor efficacy of agents that target the tumor vasculature instead of tumor cells, and to reduce toxicity of antineoplastic drugs [1]...
February 16, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215361/osteochondroma-of-the-tibial-sesamoid-a-case-report-and-review-of%C3%A2-the-literature
#20
Kazuo Ouchi, Michiyuki Hakozaki, Shin-Ichi Kikuchi, Shoji Yabuki, Shin-Ichi Konno
Osteochondroma, one of the most common benign bone tumors, frequently occurs in the metaphysis of the long bones. We report an extremely rare case of osteochondroma that occurred in the tibial sesamoid. The patient was a 62-year-old Japanese male. He presented with a 1-year history of pain and a hard mass on the plantar aspect of the right forefoot sole. The osteochondroma protruded toward the sole from the tibial sesamoid, leading to pain on weightbearing. After tibial sesamoidectomy, the patient's symptoms were eliminated, and no pain or complications such as hallux valgus occurred after the surgery...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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